Z. G. Yuan - Toshiba Research Europe Limited, Cambridge, UK

Z. G. Yuan
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Z. G. Yuan
Toshiba Research Europe Limited, Cambridge, UK
United Kingdom

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

Quantum Physics (9)
Physics - Materials Science (8)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (8)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (6)
Computer Science - Information Theory (6)
Mathematics - Information Theory (6)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Physics - Superconductivity (4)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (2)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (2)
Physics - Space Physics (2)
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)

Publications Authored By Z. G. Yuan

We address the problem of temporal action localization in videos. We pose action localization as a structured prediction over arbitrary-length temporal windows, where each window is scored as the sum of frame-wise classification scores. Additionally, our model classifies the start, middle, and end of each action as separate components, allowing our system to explicitly model each action's temporal evolution and take advantage of informative temporal dependencies present in this structure. Read More

Phase retrieval(PR) problem is a kind of ill-condition inverse problem which can be found in various of applications. Utilizing the sparse priority, an algorithm called SWF(Sparse Wirtinger Flow) is proposed in this paper to deal with sparse PR problem based on the Wirtinger flow method. SWF firstly recovers the support of the signal and then updates the evaluation by hard thresholding method with an elaborate initialization. Read More

In this paper, an alternating direction implicit (ADI) difference scheme for two-dimensional time-fractional wave equation of distributed-order with a nonlinear source term is presented. The unique solvability of the difference solution is discussed, and the unconditional stability and convergence order of the numerical scheme are analysed. Finally, numerical experiments are carried out to verify the effectiveness and accuracy of the algorithm. Read More

In mathematical physics, the space-fractional diffusion equation is of practical interest in the studies of physical phenomena modelled by the L\'{e}vy processes, which is sometimes called super-diffusion equation. In this article, we propose new differential quadrature (DQ) methods for solving the 2D space-fractional diffusion equations with fractional directional derivatives. The methods in presence directly convert the original problem into a set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) via approximating the fractional derivatives as weighted linear combinations of the functional values at scattered points on the whole domain. Read More

This paper investigates the problem of estimating sparse channels in massive MIMO systems. Most wireless channels are sparse with large delay spread, while some channels can be observed having sparse common support (SCS) within a certain area of the antenna array, i.e. Read More

Recently, Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (DCNNs) have made unprecedented progress, achieving the accuracy close to, or even better than human-level perception in various tasks. There is a timely need to map the latest software DCNNs to application-specific hardware, in order to achieve orders of magnitude improvement in performance, energy efficiency and compactness. Stochastic Computing (SC), as a low-cost alternative to the conventional binary computing paradigm, has the potential to enable massively parallel and highly scalable hardware implementation of DCNNs. Read More

Many scientific data sets contain temporal dimensions. These are the data storing information at the same spatial location but different time stamps. Some of the biggest temporal datasets are produced by parallel computing applications such as simulations of climate change and fluid dynamics. Read More

We propose and experimentally implement a novel reconfigurable quantum key distribution (QKD) scheme, where the users can switch in real time between conventional QKD and the recently-introduced measurement-device-independent (MDI) QKD. Through this setup, we demonstrate the distribution of quantum keys between three remote parties connected by only two quantum channels, a previously unattempted task. Moreover, as a prominent application, we extract the first quantum digital signature (QDS) rates from a network that uses a measurement-device-independent link. Read More

Bulk quantum materials based on zero-dimensional (0D) lead-free organic tin halide perovskites have been developed for the first time, which give broadband Gaussian-shaped and strongly Stokes shifted emissions with quantum efficiencies of up to near-unity at room temperature due to excited state structural reorganization. Read More

Received Signal Strength (RSS) is considered as a promising measurement for indoor positioning. Lots of RSS-based localization methods have been proposed by its convenience and low cost. This paper focuses on two challenging issues in RSS-based localization schemes: finding optimal localization algorithms and knowing what affects the accuracy of these algorithms. Read More

We report comprehensive studies of the single crystal growth and electrical transport properties for various samples of TaAs, the first experimentally confirmed inversion symmetry-breaking Weyl semimetal. The transport parameters for different samples are obtained through the fitting of the two band model and the analysis of Shubnikov de Haas oscillations. We find that the ratio factor of transport lifetime to quantum lifetime is intensively enhanced when the Fermi level approaches the Weyl node. Read More

Transport and magnetic studies of PbTaSe$_2$ under pressure suggest existence of two superconducting phases with the low temperature phase boundary at $\sim 0.25$ GPa that is defined by a very sharp, first order, phase transition. The first order phase transition line can be followed via pressure dependent resistivity measurements, and is found to be near 0. Read More

Quantum key distribution (QKD) permits information-theoretically secure transmission of digital encryption keys, assuming that the behaviour of the devices employed for the key exchange can be reliably modelled and predicted. Remarkably, no assumptions have to be made on the capabilities of an eavesdropper other than that she is bounded by the laws of Nature, thus making the security of QKD "unconditional". However, unconditional security is hard to achieve in practice. Read More

In this paper, we propose a new combined message passing algorithm which allows belief propagation (BP) and mean filed (MF) applied on a same factor node, so that MF can be applied to hard constraint factors. Based on the proposed message passing algorithm, a iterative receiver is designed for MIMO-OFDM systems. Both BP and MF are exploited to deal with the hard constraint factor nodes involving the multiplication of channel coefficients and data symbols to reduce the complexity of the only BP used. Read More

Any Borel probability measure supported on a Cantor set of zero Lebesgue measure on the real line possesses a discrete inverse measure. We study the validity of the multifractal formalism for the inverse measures of random weak Gibbs measures supported on the attractor associated with some $C^1$ random dynamics encoded by a random subshift of finite type, and expanding in the mean. The study requires, in particular, to develop in this context of random dynamics a suitable extension of the results known for heterogeneous ubiquity associated with deterministic Gibbs measures. Read More

Phase retrieval(PR) problem is a kind of ill-condition inverse problem which is arising in various of applications. Based on the Wirtinger flow(WF) method, a reweighted Wirtinger flow(RWF) method is proposed to deal with PR problem. RWF finds the global optimum by solving a series of sub-PR problems with changing weights. Read More

We report the observations of an electron vortex magnetic hole corresponding to a new type of coherent structures in the magnetosheath turbulent plasma using the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission data. The magnetic hole is characterized by a magnetic depression, a density peak, a total electron temperature increase (with a parallel temperature decrease but a perpendicular temperature increase), and strong currents carried by the electrons. The current has a dip in the center of the magnetic hole and a peak in the outer region of the magnetic hole. Read More

In the solar wind, power spectral density (PSD) of the magnetic field fluctuations generally follow the so-called Kolmogorov spectrum f^-5/3 in the inertial range, where the dynamics is thought to be dominated by nonlinear interactions between counter-propagating incompressible Alfv\'en wave parquets. These features are thought to be ubiquitous in space plasmas. The present study gives a new and more complex picture of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) turbulence as observed in the terrestrial magnetosheath. Read More

The low-energy physics of one-dimensional (1D) strongly correlated systems is generally described by the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL) regardless of quantum statistics of the constituent particles. Such collective behaviour results in the free-fermion universality class of quantum criticality near a phase transition. Although evidences for the TLL have been found in a variety of 1D materials, a conclusive observation of the hallmark TLL and criticality remains challenging due to the lack of proper measures and the requirement of extreme experimental conditions. Read More

Quantum key distribution (QKD) provides an attractive means for securing communications in optical fibre networks. However, deployment of the technology has been hampered by the frequent need for dedicated dark fibres to segregate the very weak quantum signals from conventional traffic. Up until now the coexistence of QKD with data has been limited to bandwidths that are orders of magnitude below those commonly employed in fibre optic communication networks. Read More

We describe the multifractal nature of random weak Gibbs measures on some class of attractors associated with $C^1$ random dynamics semi-conjugate to a random subshift of finite type. This includes the validity of the multifractal formalism, the calculation of Hausdorff and packing dimensions of the so-called level sets of divergent points, and a $0$-$\infty$ law for the Hausdorff and packing measures of the level sets of the local dimension. Read More

The fractional Feynman-Kac equations describe the distribution of functionals of non-Brownian motion, or anomalous diffusion, including two types called the forward and backward fractional Feynman-Kac equations, where the fractional substantial derivative is involved. This paper focuses on the more widely used backward version. Based on the discretized schemes for fractional substantial derivatives proposed recently, we construct compact finite difference schemes for the backward fractional Feynman-Kac equation, which has q-th (q=1, 2, 3, 4) order accuracy in temporal direction and fourth order accuracy in spatial direction, respectively. Read More

In this paper, we scrutinize the effect of spectral index distribution on estimating the AGN (active galactic nucleus) radio luminosity function (RLF) by a Monte Carlo method. We find that the traditional bivariate RLF estimators can cause bias in varying degree. The bias is especially pronounced for the flat-spectrum radio sources whose spectral index distribution is more scattered. Read More

In this article, we propose an exponential B-spline collocation method to approximate the solution of the fractional sub-diffusion equation of Caputo type. The present method is generated by use of the Gorenflo-Mainardi-Moretti-Paradisi (GMMP) scheme in time and an efficient exponential B-spline based method in space. The unique solvability is rigorously discussed. Read More

Recently, we presented a paper about the tip-induced superconducting phase on TaAs single crystal (arXiv:1607.00513). A conductance plateau with double conductance peaks at finite bias, sharp double dips and a zero bias conductance peak were observed in the point contact spectra (PCS). Read More

Weyl fermion is a massless Dirac fermion with definite chirality, which has been long pursued since 1929. Though it has not been observed as a fundamental particle in nature, Weyl fermion can be realized as low-energy excitation around Weyl point in Weyl semimetal, which possesses Weyl fermion cones in the bulk and nontrivial Fermi arc states on the surface. As a firstly discovered Weyl semimetal, TaAs crystal possesses 12 pairs of Weyl points in the momentum space, which are topologically protected against small perturbations. Read More

Quantum key distribution (QKD) promises unconditional security in data communication and is currently being deployed in commercial applications. Nonetheless, before QKD can be widely adopted, it faces a number of important challenges such as secret key rate, distance, size, cost and practical security. Here, we survey those key challenges and the approaches that are currently being taken to address them. Read More

In this paper we are concerned with anomalous sub-diffusion equation, which describes the anomalous diffusion phenomenon in nature. Based on an equivalent transformation of equation and a smoothing transformation, we propose high order schemes combining Nystrom method in temporal direction with compact finite difference method and spectral method in spatial direction. The idea of smoothing transformation is inspired by the method for Volterra integral equation proposed by P. Read More

Single photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) are the most commercially diffused solution for single-photon counting in quantum key distribution (QKD) applications. However, the secondary photon emission, arising from the avalanche of charge carriers during a photon detection, may be exploited by an eavesdropper to gain information without forcing errors in the transmission key. In this paper, we characterise such backflash light in gated InGaAs/InP SPADs, and its spectral and temporal characterization for different detector models and different operating parameters. Read More

Flexible control of magnetization switching by electrical manners is crucial for applications of spin-orbitronics. Besides of a switching current that is parallel to an applied field, a bias current that is normal to the switching current is introduced to tune the magnitude of effective damping-like and field-like torques and further to electrically control magnetization switching. Symmetrical and asymmetrical control over the critical switching current by the bias current with opposite polarities is both realized in Pt/Co/MgO and $\alpha$-Ta/CoFeB/MgO systems, respectively. Read More

We present the first quantum key distribution (QKD) experiment over multicore fiber. With space division multiplexing, we demonstrate that weak QKD signals can coexist with classical data signals launched at full power in a 53 km 7-core fiber, while showing negligible degradation in performance. Based on a characterization of intercore crosstalk, we perform additional simulations highlighting that classical data bandwidths beyond 1Tb/s can be supported with high speed QKD on the same fiber. Read More

We drastically improve the mode overlap between independently seeded, gain-switched laser diodes operating at gigahertz repetition rates by implementing a pulsed light seeding technique. Injecting pulsed light reduces the emission time jitter and enables frequency chirp synchronization while maintaining random optical phases of the emitted laser pulses. We measure interference of these pulsed sources both in the macroscopic regime, where we demonstrate near perfect mode overlap, and in the single photon regime, where we achieve a Hong-Ou-Mandel dip visibility of 0. Read More

The art of imparting information onto a light wave by optical signal modulation is fundamental to all forms of optical communication. Among many schemes, direct modulation of laser diodes stands out as a simple, robust, and cost effective method. However, the simultaneous changes in intensity, frequency and phase are a drawback which has prevented its application in the field of secure quantum communication. Read More

By cross-matching the currently largest optical catalog of galaxy clusters and the NVSS radio survey database, we obtain the largest complete sample of brightest cluster galaxies (BCGs) in the redshift range of 0.05Read More

We derive the complete expression of nonlocal damping in noncollinear magnetization due to the nonuniform spin current pumped by precessional magnetization and incorporate it into a generalized Thiele equation to study its effects on the dynamics of the transverse and vortex domain walls (DWs) in ferromagnetic nanowires. We demonstrate that the transverse component of nonlocal damping slows down the field-driven DW propagation and increases the Walker breakdown field whereas it is neglected in many previous works in literature. The experimentally measured DW mobility variation with the damping tuned by doping with heavy rare-earth elements that had discrepancy from micromagnetic simulation are now well understood with the nonlocal damping. Read More

In this paper, we consider two-dimensional Riesz space fractional diffusion equations with nonlinear source term on convex domains. Applying Galerkin finite element method in space and backward difference method in time, we present a fully discrete scheme to solve Riesz space fractional diffusion equations. Our breakthrough is developing an algorithm to form stiffness matrix on unstructured triangular meshes, which can help us to deal with space fractional terms on any convex domain. Read More

This paper concerns message passing based approaches to sparse Bayesian learning (SBL) with a linear model corrupted by additive white Gaussian noise with unknown variance. With the conventional factor graph, mean field (MF) message passing based algorithms have been proposed in the literature. In this work, instead of using the conventional factor graph, we modify the factor graph by adding some extra hard constraints (the graph looks like being `stretched'), which enables the use of combined belief propagation (BP) and MF message passing. Read More

To study the effect of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) on spin-transfer torque in magnetic materials, we have implemented two theoretical formalisms that can accommodate SOC. Using the "charge-pumping" formalism, we find two contributions to the out-of-plane spin-transfer torque parameter $\beta$ in ballistic Ni domain walls (DWs). For short DWs, the nonadiabatic reflection of conduction electrons caused by the rapid spatial variation of the exchange potential results in an out-of-plane torque that increases rapidly with decreasing DW length. Read More

Ring exchange is an elementary interaction for modeling unconventional topological matters which hold promise for efficient quantum information processing. We report the observation of four-body ring-exchange interactions and the topological properties of anyonic excitations within an ultracold atom system. A minimum toric code Hamiltonian in which the ring exchange is the dominant term, was implemented by engineering a Hubbard Hamiltonian that describes atomic spins in disconnected plaquette arrays formed by two orthogonal superlattices. Read More

We propose a mixture evolution scenario to model the evolution of the radio luminosity function (RLF) of steep spectrum AGNs (active galactic nuclei) based on a Bayesian method. In this scenario, the shape of the RLF is determined by both the density and luminosity evolution. Our models indicate that the density evolution is positive until a redshift of $\thicksim 0. Read More

We report large magnetoresistance (MR) at low temperatures in single-crystalline nonmagnetic compounds TaAs$_2$ and NbAs$_2$. Both compounds exhibit parabolic-field-dependent MR larger than $5\times10^3$ in a magnetic field of 9 Tesla at 2 K. The MR starts to deviate from parabolic dependence above 10 T and intends to be saturated in 45 T for TaAs$_2$ at 4. Read More

We report the electrical transport properties for Weyl semimetal TaAs in an intense magnetic field. Series of anomalies occur in the longitudinal magnetoresistance and Hall signals at ultra-low temperatures when the Weyl electrons are confined into the lowest Landau level. These strongly temperature-dependent anomalies are ascribed to the electron-hole pairing instability. Read More

With a unified belief propagation (BP) and mean field (MF) framework, we propose an iterative message passing receiver, which performs joint channel state and noise precision (the reciprocal of noise variance) estimation and decoding for OFDM systems. The recently developed generalized approximate message passing (GAMP) is incorporated to the BP-MF framework, where MF is used to handle observation factor nodes with unknown noise precision and GAMP is used for channel estimation in the time-frequency domain. Compared to state-of-the-art algorithms in the literature, the proposed algorithm either delivers similar performance with much lower complexity, or delivers much better performance with similar complexity. Read More

Weyl semimetals provide the realization of Weyl fermions in solid-state physics. Among all the physical phenomena that are enabled by Weyl semimetals, the chiral anomaly is the most unusual one. Here, we report signatures of the chiral anomaly in the magneto-transport measurements on the first Weyl semimetal TaAs. Read More

The spin Hall angle (SHA) is a measure of the efficiency with which a transverse spin current is generated from a charge current by the spin-orbit coupling and disorder in the spin Hall effect (SHE). In a study of the SHE for a Pt$|$Py (Py=Ni$_{80}$Fe$_{20}$) bilayer using a first-principles scattering approach, we find a SHA that increases monotonically with temperature and is proportional to the resistivity for bulk Pt. By decomposing the room temperature SHE and inverse SHE currents into bulk and interface terms, we discover a giant interface SHA that dominates the total inverse SHE current with potentially major consequences for applications. Read More

Fornax is the brightest Milky Way (MW) dwarf spheroidal galaxy and its star formation history (SFH) has been derived from observations. We estimate the time evolution of its gas mass and net inflow and outflow rates from the SFH using a simple star formation law that relates the star formation rate to the gas mass. We present a chemical evolution model on a 2D mass grid with supernovae (SNe) as sources of metal enrichment. Read More

We report the electronic properties of superconductivity in the topological nodal-line semimetal PbTaSe$_2$. Angle-resolved photoemission measurements accompanied by band calculations confirmed the nodal-line band structure in the normal state of single crystalline PbTaSe$_2$. Resistivity, magnetic-susceptibility and specific heat measurements have also been performed on high-quality single crystals. Read More

A Weyl semimetal is a new state of matter that host Weyl fermions as quasiparticle excitations. The Weyl fermions at zero energy correspond to points of bulk band degeneracy, Weyl nodes, which are separated in momentum space and are connected only through the crystal's boundary by an exotic Fermi arc surface state. We experimentally measure the spin polarization of the Fermi arcs in the first experimentally discovered Weyl semimetal TaAs. Read More

Leveraging multi-carrier access offers a promising approach to boosting access quality in mobile networks. However, our experiments show that the potential benefits are hard to fulfill due to fundamental limitations in the network-controlled design. To overcome these limitations, we propose iCellular, which allows users to define and intelligently select their own cellular network access from multiple carriers. Read More

Materials that crystalize in diamond-related lattices, with Si and GaAs as their prime examples, are at the foundation of modern electronics. Simultaneoulsy, the two atomic sites in the unit cell of these crystals form inversion partners which gives rise to relativistic non-equilibrium spin phenomena highly relevant for magnetic memories and other spintronic devices. When the inversion-partner sites are occupied by the same atomic species, electrical current can generate local spin polarization with the same magnitude and opposite sign on the two inversion-partner sites. Read More