Z. Ahmed - Stanford University

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Name
Z. Ahmed
Affiliation
Stanford University
City
Stanford
Country
United States

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Quantum Physics (14)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (10)
 
Nuclear Experiment (10)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (8)
 
Mathematical Physics (8)
 
Physics - Optics (8)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (7)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (6)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (5)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (5)
 
Physics - Materials Science (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
 
Mathematics - History and Overview (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Physics - General Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Z. Ahmed

We present the strongest constraints to date on anisotropies of CMB polarization rotation derived from $150$ GHz data taken by the BICEP2 & Keck Array CMB experiments up to and including the 2014 observing season (BK14). The definition of polarization angle in BK14 maps has gone through self-calibration in which the overall angle is adjusted to minimize the observed $TB$ and $EB$ power spectra. After this procedure, the $QU$ maps lose sensitivity to a uniform polarization rotation but are still sensitive to anisotropies of polarization rotation. Read More

We investigate spacing statistics $p(s)$ and distribution of eigenvalues $D(\epsilon)$ for ensembles of various real random matrices (of order $n \times n, n=2$ and $n>>2$) where the matrix-elements have various Probability Distribution Function (PDF: $f(x)$) including Gaussian. We construct ensembles of $1000$, $100 \times 100$ real random matrices $R$, $C$ (cyclic) and $T$ (tridiagonal) and real symmetric matrices: ${\cal R}'$, ${\cal R}=R+R^t$, ${\cal Q}=RR^t$, ${\cal C}$ (cyclic), ${\cal T}$ (tridiagonal), $T'$ (pseudo-symmetric Tridiagonal), $\Theta$ (Toeplitz) , ${\cal D}=CC^t$ and ${\cal S}=TT^t$. We find that the spacing distribution of the adjacent levels of matrices ${\cal R}$ and ${\cal R}'$ under any symmetric PDF of matrix elements is $p_{AB}(s)=A s e^{-Bs^2}$ which approximately conforms to the Wigner surmise as $A/2 \approx B \approx \pi/4$. Read More

Precise helicity-dependent cross sections and the double-polarization observable $E$ were measured for $\eta$ photoproduction from quasi-free protons and neutrons bound in the deuteron. The $\eta\rightarrow 2\gamma$ and $\eta\rightarrow 3\pi^0\rightarrow 6\gamma$ decay modes were used to optimize the statistical quality of the data and to estimate systematic uncertainties. The measurement used the A2 detector setup at the tagged photon beam of the electron accelerator MAMI in Mainz. Read More

The proton is composed of quarks and gluons, bound by the most elusive mechanism of strong interaction called confinement. In this work, the dynamics of quarks and gluons are investigated using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS): produced by a multi-GeV electron, a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton which subsequently radiates a high energy photon. Similarly to holography, measuring not only the magnitude but also the phase of the DVCS amplitude allows to perform 3D images of the internal structure of the proton. Read More

The sub-barrier pairs of energy levels of a Hermitian one-dimensional symmetric double well potential are known to merge into one, if the inter-well distance ($a$) is increased slowly. The energy at which the doublets merge are the ground state eigenvalues of independent wells ($\epsilon_0$). We show that if the double well is perturbed mildly by a complex PT-symmetric potential the merging of levels turns into the coalescing of two levels at an exceptional point $a=a_*$. Read More

The double polarization observable $E$ and the helicity dependent cross sections $\sigma_{1/2}$ and $\sigma_{3/2}$ were measured for $\eta$ photoproduction from quasi-free protons and neutrons. The circularly polarized tagged photon beam of the A2 experiment at the Mainz MAMI accelerator was used in combination with a longitudinally polarized deuterated butanol target. The almost $4\pi$ detector setup of the Crystal Ball and TAPS is ideally suited to detect the recoil nucleons and the decay photons from $\eta\rightarrow 2\gamma$ and $\eta\rightarrow 3\pi^0$. Read More

2017Feb
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 89The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 90The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 91The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 92The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 93The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 94The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 95The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 96The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 97The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 98The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

We report the first longitudinal/transverse separation of the deeply virtual exclusive $\pi^0$ electroproduction cross section off the neutron and coherent deuteron. The corresponding four structure functions $d\sigma_L/dt$, $d\sigma_T/dt$, $d\sigma_{LT}/dt$ and $d\sigma_{TT}/dt$ are extracted as a function of the momentum transfer to the recoil system at $Q^2$=1.75 GeV$^2$ and $x_B$=0. Read More

The reactions $\gamma p\to \eta p$ and $\gamma p\to \eta' p$ have been measured from their thresholds up to the center-of-mass energy $W=1.96$GeV with the tagged-photon facilities at the Mainz Microtron, MAMI. Differential cross sections were obtained with unprecedented accuracy, providing fine energy binning and full production-angle coverage. Read More

A Half Bound State (HBS) $\psi_*(x)$ can be defined as a single, conditional, zero-energy, continuous solution of the one dimensional Schr{\"o}dinger equation for a scattering potential well $V(x)$ ($s.t ~ V(\pm \infty)=0$). The non-normalizable and solitary HBS of a potential satisfies Neumann boundary condition that $\psi'_*(\pm \infty)=0$ and it can have $n$ (= 0,1,2,. Read More

Using a novel Se-labelled dimer mixed with DTC5C7 aligned by magnetic field, the twist-bend nematic phase (Ntb) in dimers was studied by hard X-ray resonant scattering and by small and wide angle X-ray scattering (SAXS, WAXS). Resonant diffraction spots indicated a helix with a 9-12 nm pitch in the Ntb phase. Unprecedentedly high helix orien-tation enabled deconvolution of global and local order parameters. Read More

The Dalitz decay pi^0 -> e^+e^-gamma has been measured in the gamma p -> pi^0 p reaction with the A2 tagged-photon facility at the Mainz Microtron, MAMI. The value obtained for the slope parameter of the pi^0 electromagnetic transition form factor, a_pi = 0.030+/-0. Read More

2016Oct

This book lays out the scientific goals to be addressed by the next-generation ground-based cosmic microwave background experiment, CMB-S4, envisioned to consist of dedicated telescopes at the South Pole, the high Chilean Atacama plateau and possibly a northern hemisphere site, all equipped with new superconducting cameras. CMB-S4 will dramatically advance cosmological studies by crossing critical thresholds in the search for the B-mode polarization signature of primordial gravitational waves, in the determination of the number and masses of the neutrinos, in the search for evidence of new light relics, in constraining the nature of dark energy, and in testing general relativity on large scales. Read More

We report temperature dependencies of material properties such as dielectric anisotropy, birefringence, splay (K11), twist (K22), and bend (K33) elastic constants of the uniaxial nematic (N) phase formed by flexible dimers of DTC5C9 and compare their behavior to that of a corresponding monomer MCT5. DTC5C9 forms a twist-bend nematic (Ntb) at temperatures below the N phase. Anisotropic properties of MCT5 are typical of the rod-like mesogens. Read More

The Dalitz decays eta -> e^+e^-g and omega -> pi^0 e^+e^- have been measured in the g p -> eta p and g p -> omega p reactions, respectively, with the A2 tagged-photon facility at the Mainz Microtron, MAMI. The value obtained for the slope parameter of the electromagnetic transition form factor of eta, Lambda^{-2}_eta=(1.97+/-0. Read More

The nematic twist-bend (TB) phase, exhibited by certain achiral thermotropic liquid crystalline (LC) dimers, features a nanometer-scale, heliconical rotation of the average molecular long axis (director) with equally probable left- and right-handed domains. On meso to macroscopic scales, the TB phase may be considered as a stack of equivalent slabs or "pseudo-layers", each one helical pitch in thickness. The long wavelength fluctuation modes should then be analogous to those of a smectic-A phase, and in particular the hydrodynamic mode combining "layer" compression and bending ought to be characterized by an effective layer compression elastic constant $B_{eff}$ and average director splay constant $K_1^{eff}$. Read More

BICEP3 is a small-aperture refracting cosmic microwave background (CMB) telescope designed to make sensitive polarization maps in pursuit of a potential B-mode signal from inflationary gravitational waves. It is the latest in the BICEP/Keck Array series of CMB experiments at the South Pole, which has provided the most stringent constraints on inflation to date. For the 2016 observing season, BICEP3 was outfitted with a full suite of 2400 optically coupled detectors operating at 95 GHz. Read More

We draw attention to the fact that a Hermitian matrix is always diagonalizable and has real discrete spectrum whereas the Hermitian Schr{\"o}dinger Hamiltonian: $H=p^2/2\mu+V(x)$, may not be so. For instance when $V(x)=x, x^3, -x^2$, $H$ does not have even one real discrete eigenvalue. Textbooks do not highlight this distinction. Read More

Carbon nanotube (CNT) have been known to increase the heat transfer at the solid-liquid interfaces, but have a limitation due to the interfacial thermal resistance. Vibrational mismatch at the interface leads to this interfacial thermal resistance, which plays an important role in energy transfer at the boundary. Negligible work has been reported on the influence of CNT diameter on the resistance through the vibrational mismatch study. Read More

High statistics measurements of the photon asymmetry $\mathrm{\Sigma}$ for the $\overrightarrow{\gamma}$p$\rightarrow\pi^{0}$p reaction have been made in the center of mass energy range W=1214-1450 MeV. The data were measured with the MAMI A2 real photon beam and Crystal Ball/TAPS detector systems in Mainz, Germany. The results significantly improve the existing world data and are shown to be in good agreement with previous measurements, and with the MAID, SAID, and Bonn-Gatchina predictions. Read More

So far the spectra $E_n(N)$ of the paradigm model of complex PT-symmetric potential $V_{BB}(x,N)=-(ix)^N$ is known to be analytically continued for $N > 4$. Consequently, the well known eigenvalues of the Hermitian cases ($N=6,10$) can not be recovered. Here, we illustrate Kato's theorem that even if a Hamiltonian $H(\lambda)$ is an analytic function of a real parameter $\lambda$, its eigenvalues $E_n(\lambda)$ need not be analytic at finite number of Isolated Points (IPs). Read More

We present measurements of polarization lensing using the 150 GHz maps which include all data taken by the BICEP2 & Keck Array CMB polarization experiments up to and including the 2014 observing season (BK14). Despite their modest angular resolution ($\sim 0.5^\circ$), the excellent sensitivity ($\sim 3\mu$K-arcmin) of these maps makes it possible to directly reconstruct the lensing potential using only information at larger angular scales ($\ell\leq 700$). Read More

Usually, the reflection probability $R(E)$ of a particle of zero energy incident on a potential which converges to zero asymptotically is found to be 1: $R(0)=1$. But earlier, a paradoxical phenomenon of zero reflection at zero energy ($R(0)=0$) has been revealed as a threshold anomaly. Extending the concept of Half Bound State (HBS) of 3D, here we show that in 1D when a symmetric (asymmetric) attractive potential well possesses a zero-energy HBS, $R(0)=0$ $(R(0)<<1)$. Read More

In quantum mechanics students are taught to practice that eigenfunction of a physical bound state must be continuous and vanishing asymptotically so that it is normalizable in $x\in (-\infty, \infty)$. Here we caution that such states may also give rise to infinite uncertainty in position $(\Delta x=\infty)$, whereas $\Delta p$ remains finite. Such states may be called loosely bound and spatially extended states that may be avoided by an additional condition that the eigenfunction vanishes asymptotically faster than $|x|^{-3/2}$. Read More

In recent years there has been considerable interest in developing photonic temperature sensors such as the Fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) as an alternative to resistance thermometry. In this study we examine the thermal response of FBGs over the temperature range of 233 K to 393 K. We demonstrate, in a hermetically sealed dry Argon environment, that FBG devices show a quadratic dependence on temperature with expanded uncertainties (k = 2) of ~500 mK. Read More

This chapter presents a brief overview of photonic sensor and standards development that is currently undergoing in the thermodynamic metrology group at NIST in the areas of temperature, pressure, vacuum and time-resolved pressure measurements. Read More

The integration of photonic sensors into microfluidic devices provides opportunities for dynamic measurement of chemical and physical properties of fluids in very small volumes. We previously reported on the use of commercially available Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBGs) and on-chip silicon waveguides for temperature sensing. In this report, we demonstrate the integration of FBGs into easy-to-fabricate microfluidic devices and report on their sensitivity for temperature and pressure measurement in microliter volumes. Read More

We study a general double Dirac delta potential to show that this is the simplest yet versatile solvable potential to introduce double wells, avoided crossings, resonances and perfect transmission ($T=1$). Perfect transmission energies turn out to be the critical property of symmetric and anti-symmetric cases wherein these discrete energies are found to correspond to the eigenvalues of Dirac delta potential placed symmetrically between two rigid walls. For well(s) or barrier(s), perfect transmission [or zero reflectivity, $R(E)$] at energy $E=0$ is non-intuitive. Read More

BICEP3 is a $550~mm$ aperture telescope with cold, on-axis, refractive optics designed to observe at the $95~GHz$ band from the South Pole. It is the newest member of the BICEP/Keck family of inflationary probes specifically designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at degree-angular scales. BICEP3 is designed to house 1280 dual-polarization pixels, which, when fully-populated, totals to $\sim$9$\times$ the number of pixels in a single Keck $95~GHz$ receiver, thus further advancing the BICEP/Keck program's $95~GHz$ mapping speed. Read More

2015Oct
Affiliations: 1Cardiff University, 2Cardiff University, 3Cardiff University, 4Cardiff University, 5KIPAC/SLAC, 6Caltech, 7Harvard/CfA, 8Harvard/CfA, 9Harvard/CfA, 10Harvard/CfA, 11Harvard/CfA, 12Harvard/CfA, 13Harvard/CfA, 14Harvard/CfA, 15Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, 16Harvard/CfA, 17Harvard/CfA, 18NASA JPL, 19SBT Grenoble, 20Harvard, 21Caltech, 22University of Minnesota, 23Stanford University, 24University of British Columbia, 25Harvard/CfA, 26NIST, 27Caltech, 28Stanford University, 29Harvard/CfA, 30Stanford University, 31UCSD, 32UCSD, 33Caltech, 34Stanford University, 35Harvard/CfA, 36Stanford University, 37KICP/Chicago, 38Caltech, 39NASA JPL, 40University of Toronto, 41NASA JPL, 42Caltech, 43Stanford University, 44Caltech, 45University of Minnesota, 46Harvard/CfA, 47University of Minnesota, 48University of Minnesota, 49Caltech, 50Caltech, 51Cardiff University, 52Caltech, 53Stanford University, 54Stanford University, 55Cardiff University, 56NASA JPL, 57Harvard/CfA, 58NASA JPL, 59University of British Columbia, 60University of Minnesota, 61Harvard/CfA, 62Stanford University, 63Stanford University

We present results from an analysis of all data taken by the BICEP2 & Keck Array CMB polarization experiments up to and including the 2014 observing season. This includes the first Keck Array observations at 95 GHz. The maps reach a depth of 50 nK deg in Stokes $Q$ and $U$ in the 150 GHz band and 127 nK deg in the 95 GHz band. Read More

We investigate the parametric evolution of the real discrete spectrum of several complex PT symmetric scattering potentials of the type $V(x)=-V_1 F_e(x) + i V_2 F_o(x), V_1>0, F_e(x)>0$ by varying $V_2$ slowly. Here $e,o$ stand for even and odd parity and $F_{e,o}(\pm \infty)=0$. Unlike the case of Scarf II potential, we find a general absence of the recently explored accidental (real to real) crossings of eigenvalues in these scattering potentials. Read More

A series of non-symmetric dimers were synthesised containing either cyanobiphenyl or difluoroterphenyl moieties on one side and a range of long, short, bent, polar or apolar mesogens on the other side of the molecules. The dielectric anisotropy of the mesogens was varied systematically. The systems were characterised by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), optical polarizing microscopy (OPM) and detailed X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies, both in the nematic and the Nx phase. Read More

We report on new p$(e,e^\prime p)\pi^\circ$ measurements at the $\Delta^{+}(1232)$ resonance at the low momentum transfer region. The mesonic cloud dynamics is predicted to be dominant and rapidly changing in this kinematic region offering a test bed for chiral effective field theory calculations. The new data explore the low $Q^2$ dependence of the resonant quadrupole amplitudes while extending the measurements of the Coulomb quadrupole amplitude to the lowest momentum transfer ever reached. Read More

Resistance thermometry is a time-tested method for taking temperature measurements. In recent years fundamental limits to resistance-based approaches spurred considerable interest in developing photonic temperature sensors as a viable alternative. In this study we demonstrate that our photonic thermometer, which consists of a silicon waveguide integrated with a Bragg grating, can be used to measure temperature changes over the range from 5 C to 160 C with a combined expanded uncertainty [k = 2 ; 95% confidence level] of 1. Read More

We report on the fabrication and characterization of photonic-based nanothermometers, a silicon photonic Bragg grating and photonic crystal cavity. When cladded with silicon dioxide layer the sensors have at least eight times better sensitivity compared to the sensitivity of conventional fiber Bragg grating sensors. We demonstrate that these photonic thermometers are a viable temperature sensing solution. Read More

In recent years there has been considerable interest in exploiting the temperature dependence of sapphire whispering gallery mode frequency to develop a mechanically stable, high accuracy temperature sensor. Disk-resonator-based devices have been demonstrated to measure temperature with .01 K or better accuracy in the temperature range of 273 K to 373 K. Read More

In recent years there has been considerable interest in utilizing embedded fiber optic based sensors for fabricating smart materials. One of the primary motivations is to provide real-time information on the structural integrity of the material so as to enable proactive actions that prevent catastrophic failure. In this preliminary study we have examined the impact of embedding on the temperature-dependent response of fiber Bragg gratings. Read More

Due to the absence of degeneracy in one dimension, when a parameter, $\lambda$, of a potential is varied slowly the discrete energy eigenvalue curves, $E_n(\lambda)$, cannot cross but they are allowed to come quite close and diverge from each other. This phenomena is called avoided crossing of energy levels. The parametric evolution of eigenvalues of the generally known one dimensional potentials do not display avoided crossings and on the other hand some complicated and analytically unsolvable models do exhibit this. Read More

Hitherto, a finitely thick barrier next to a well or a rigid wall has been considered the potential of simplest shape giving rise to resonances (metastable states) in one dimension: $x \in(-\infty, \infty)$. In such a potential, there are three real turning points at an energy below the barrier. Resonances are Gamow's (time-wise) decaying states with discrete complex energies $({\cal E}_n = E_n -i\Gamma_n/2)$. Read More

So far, the well known two branches of real discrete spectrum of complex PT-symmetric Scarf II potential are kept isolated. Here, we suggest that these two need to be brought together as doublets: $E^n_{\pm}(\lambda)$ with $n=0,1,2.. Read More

We propose a new solvable one-dimensional complex PT-symmetric potential as $V(x)= ig~ \mbox{sgn}(x)~ |1-\exp(2|x|/a)|$ and study the spectrum of $H=-d^2/dx^2+V(x)$. For smaller values of $a,g <1$, there is a finite number of real discrete eigenvalues. As $a$ and $g$ increase, there exist exceptional points (EPs), $g_n$ (for fixed values of $a$) causing a scarcity of real discrete eigenvalues, but there exists at least one. Read More

2015Feb
Authors: BICEP2/Keck, Planck Collaborations, :, P. A. R. Ade, N. Aghanim, Z. Ahmed, R. W. Aikin, K. D. Alexander, M. Arnaud, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, A. J. Banday, D. Barkats, R. B. Barreiro, J. G. Bartlett, N. Bartolo, E. Battaner, K. Benabed, A. Benoît, A. Benoit-Lévy, S. J. Benton, J. -P. Bernard, M. Bersanelli, P. Bielewicz, C. A. Bischoff, J. J. Bock, A. Bonaldi, L. Bonavera, J. R. Bond, J. Borrill, F. R. Bouchet, F. Boulanger, J. A. Brevik, M. Bucher, I. Buder, E. Bullock, C. Burigana, R. C. Butler, V. Buza, E. Calabrese, J. -F. Cardoso, A. Catalano, A. Challinor, R. -R. Chary, H. C. Chiang, P. R. Christensen, L. P. L. Colombo, C. Combet, J. Connors, F. Couchot, A. Coulais, B. P. Crill, A. Curto, F. Cuttaia, L. Danese, R. D. Davies, R. J. Davis, P. de Bernardis, A. de Rosa, G. de Zotti, J. Delabrouille, J. -M. Delouis, F. -X. Désert, C. Dickinson, J. M. Diego, H. Dole, S. Donzelli, O. Doré, M. Douspis, C. D. Dowell, L. Duband, A. Ducout, J. Dunkley, X. Dupac, C. Dvorkin, G. Efstathiou, F. Elsner, T. A. Enßlin, H. K. Eriksen, E. Falgarone, J. P. Filippini, F. Finelli, S. Fliescher, O. Forni, M. Frailis, A. A. Fraisse, E. Franceschi, A. Frejsel, S. Galeotta, S. Galli, K. Ganga, T. Ghosh, M. Giard, E. Gjerløw, S. R. Golwala, J. González-Nuevo, K. M. Górski, S. Gratton, A. Gregorio, A. Gruppuso, J. E. Gudmundsson, M. Halpern, F. K. Hansen, D. Hanson, D. L. Harrison, M. Hasselfield, G. Helou, S. Henrot-Versillé, D. Herranz, S. R. Hildebrandt, G. C. Hilton, E. Hivon, M. Hobson, W. A. Holmes, W. Hovest, V. V. Hristov, K. M. Huffenberger, H. Hui, G. Hurier, K. D. Irwin, A. H. Jaffe, T. R. Jaffe, J. Jewell, W. C. Jones, M. Juvela, A. Karakci, K. S. Karkare, J. P. Kaufman, B. G. Keating, S. Kefeli, E. Keihänen, S. A. Kernasovskiy, R. Keskitalo, T. S. Kisner, R. Kneissl, J. Knoche, L. Knox, J. M. Kovac, N. Krachmalnicoff, M. Kunz, C. L. Kuo, H. Kurki-Suonio, G. Lagache, A. Lähteenmäki, J. -M. Lamarre, A. Lasenby, M. Lattanzi, C. R. Lawrence, E. M. Leitch, R. Leonardi, F. Levrier, A. Lewis, M. Liguori, P. B. Lilje, M. Linden-Vørnle, M. López-Caniego, P. M. Lubin, M. Lueker, J. F. Macías-Pérez, B. Maffei, D. Maino, N. Mandolesi, A. Mangilli, M. Maris, P. G. Martin, E. Martínez-González, S. Masi, P. Mason, S. Matarrese, K. G. Megerian, P. R. Meinhold, A. Melchiorri, L. Mendes, A. Mennella, M. Migliaccio, S. Mitra, M. -A. Miville-Deschênes, A. Moneti, L. Montier, G. Morgante, D. Mortlock, A. Moss, D. Munshi, J. A. Murphy, P. Naselsky, F. Nati, P. Natoli, C. B. Netterfield, H. T. Nguyen, H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen, F. Noviello, D. Novikov, I. Novikov, R. O'Brient, R. W. Ogburn IV, A. Orlando, L. Pagano, F. Pajot, R. Paladini, D. Paoletti, B. Partridge, F. Pasian, G. Patanchon, T. J. Pearson, O. Perdereau, L. Perotto, V. Pettorino, F. Piacentini, M. Piat, D. Pietrobon, S. Plaszczynski, E. Pointecouteau, G. Polenta, N. Ponthieu, G. W. Pratt, S. Prunet, C. Pryke, J. -L. Puget, J. P. Rachen, W. T. Reach, R. Rebolo, M. Reinecke, M. Remazeilles, C. Renault, A. Renzi, S. Richter, I. Ristorcelli, G. Rocha, M. Rossetti, G. Roudier, M. Rowan-Robinson, J. A. Rubiño-Martín, B. Rusholme, M. Sandri, D. Santos, M. Savelainen, G. Savini, R. Schwarz, D. Scott, M. D. Seiffert, C. D. Sheehy, L. D. Spencer, Z. K. Staniszewski, V. Stolyarov, R. Sudiwala, R. Sunyaev, D. Sutton, A. -S. Suur-Uski, J. -F. Sygnet, J. A. Tauber, G. P. Teply, L. Terenzi, K. L. Thompson, L. Toffolatti, J. E. Tolan, M. Tomasi, M. Tristram, M. Tucci, A. D. Turner, L. Valenziano, J. Valiviita, B. Van Tent, L. Vibert, P. Vielva, A. G. Vieregg, F. Villa, L. A. Wade, B. D. Wandelt, R. Watson, A. C. Weber, I. K. Wehus, M. White, S. D. M. White, J. Willmert, C. L. Wong, K. W. Yoon, D. Yvon, A. Zacchei, A. Zonca

We report the results of a joint analysis of data from BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck. BICEP2 and Keck Array have observed the same approximately 400 deg$^2$ patch of sky centered on RA 0h, Dec. $-57. Read More

2015Feb
Affiliations: 1Cardiff University, 2Cardiff University, 3Cardiff University, 4Cardiff University, 5Stanford University, 6Caltech, 7Harvard/CfA, 8ALMA, 9University of Toronto, 10Harvard/CfA, 11Caltech, 12Caltech, 13Harvard/CfA, 14Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, 15Harvard/CfA, 16Harvard/CfA, 17Caltech, 18NASA JPL, 19Harvard/CfA, 20SBT Grenoble, 21Caltech, 22University of Minnesota, 23Caltech, 24University of British Columbia, 25University of British Columbia, 26Caltech, 27NIST, 28Caltech, 29Caltech, 30Stanford University, 31Harvard/CfA, 32UCSD, 33UCSD, 34Caltech, 35Stanford University, 36Harvard/CfA, 37Stanford University, 38KICP, 39Caltech, 40Caltech, 41NASA JPL, 42University of Toronto, 43NASA JPL, 44NASA JPL, 45Stanford University, 46UCSD, 47University of Minnesota, 48NIST, 49Harvard/CfA, 50University of Minnesota, 51KICP, 52Caltech, 53Cardiff University, 54Caltech, 55Stanford University, 56Stanford University, 57NASA JPL, 58KICP, 59NASA JPL, 60University of Minnesota, 61Harvard/CfA, 62Stanford University

The Keck Array is a system of cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimeters, each similar to the BICEP2 experiment. In this paper we report results from the 2012 and 2013 observing seasons, during which the Keck Array consisted of five receivers all operating in the same (150 GHz) frequency band and observing field as BICEP2. We again find an excess of B-mode power over the lensed-$\Lambda$CDM expectation of $> 5 \sigma$ in the range $30 < \ell < 150$ and confirm that this is not due to systematics using jackknife tests and simulations based on detailed calibration measurements. Read More

In 2001-2002, I happened to have proposed a new definite integral in the American Mthematical Monthly (AMM),which later came to be known in my name (Ahmed). In the meantime, this integral has been mentioned in mathematical encyclopedias and dictionaries and further it has also been cited and discussed in several books and journals. In particular, a google search with the key word "Ahmed's Integral" throws up more than 60 listings. Read More

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. Read More

Hitherto, it is well known that complex PT-symmetric Scarf II has real discrete spectrum in the parametric domain of unbroken PT-symmetry. We reveal new interesting complex, non-PT-symmetric parametric domains of this versatile potential, $V(x)$, where the spectrum is again discrete and real. Showing that the Hamiltonian, $p^2/2m+V(x)$, in the new cases is pseudo-Hermitian could be challenging, if possible. Read More

Dimeric compounds forming twist-bend nematic, Ntb, phase show unusual optical texture related to the formation of arrays of focal conic defects. Some of the focal conics show submicron internal structure with 8 nm periodicity, which is very close to that found in the crystalline phase of the material, suggesting surface freezing. Read More

Two port s-matrix for a complex PT-symmetric potential may have uni-modular eigenvalues. If this happens for all energies, there occurs a perfect emission of waves at both ends. We call this phenomenon transparency which is distinctly different from coherent perfect absorption with or without lasing. Read More