Yuya Sakurai

Yuya Sakurai
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Yuya Sakurai

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Yuya Sakurai

We study the formation of massive black holes in the first star clusters. We first locate star-forming gas clouds in proto-galactic halos of $\gtrsim10^7~M_{\odot}$ in cosmological hydrodynamics simulations and use them to generate the initial conditions for star clusters with masses of $\sim10^5~M_{\odot}$. We then perform a series of direct-tree hybrid $N$-body simulations to follow runaway stellar collisions in the dense star clusters. Read More

The relation between the mass accretion rate onto the circumstellar disc and the rate of mass ejection by magnetically driven winds is investigated using three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics simulations. Using a spherical cloud core with a varying ratio of thermal to gravitational energy, which determines the mass accretion rate onto the disc, to define the initial conditions, the outflow propagation for approximately 10^4 yr after protostar formation is then calculated for several cloud cores. The mass ejection rate and accretion rate are comparable only when the magnetic energy of the initial cloud core is comparable to the gravitational energy. Read More

We study formation and long-term evolution of a circumstellar disk in a collapsing molecular cloud core using a resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulation. While the formed circumstellar disk is initially small, it grows as accretion continues and its radius becomes as large as 200 AUs toward the end of the Class-I phase. A pair of grand-design spiral arms form due to gravitational instability in the disk, and they transfer angular momentum in the highly resistive disk. Read More

We perform one-dimensional radiation hydrodynamical simulations to solve accretion flows onto massive black holes (BHs) with a very high rate. Assuming that photon trapping limits the luminosity emerging from the central region to $L\lesssim L_{\rm Edd}$, Inayoshi, Haiman & Ostriker (2016) have shown that an accretion flow settles to a "hyper-Eddington" solution, with a steady and isothermal ($T\simeq 8000$ K) Bondi profile reaching $\gtrsim 5000$ times the Eddington accretion rate $\dot{M}_{\rm Edd}\equiv L_{\rm Edd}/c^2$. Here we address the possibility that gas accreting with finite angular momentum forms a bright nuclear accretion disc, with a luminosity exceeding the Eddington limit ($1\lesssim L/L_{\rm Edd}\lesssim 100$). Read More

The formation of SMSs is a potential pathway to seed SMBHs in the early universe. A critical issue for forming SMSs is stellar UV feedback, which may limit the stellar mass growth via accretion. In this paper we study the evolution of an accreting SMS and its UV emissivity under conditions of realistic variable accretion from a self-gravitating circumstellar disc. Read More