Yun Liu

Yun Liu
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Yun Liu
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Physics - Materials Science (9)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (7)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (3)
 
Quantum Physics (2)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (2)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
 
Physics - Other (1)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Nuclear Experiment (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Physics - Geophysics (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By Yun Liu

Internet or things (IoT) is changing our daily life rapidly. Although new technologies are emerging everyday and expanding their influence in this rapidly growing area, many classic theories can still find their places. In this paper, we study the important applications of the classic network coding theory in two important components of Internet of things, including the IoT core network, where data is sensed and transmitted, and the distributed cloud storage, where the data generated by the IoT core network is stored. Read More

The flow and deformation of macromolecules is ubiquitous in nature and industry, and an understanding of this phenomenon at both macroscopic and microscopic length scales is of fundamental and practical importance. Here we present the formulation of a general mathematical framework, which could be used to extract, from scattering experiments, the molecular relaxation of deformed polymers. By combining and modestly extending several key conceptual ingredients in the literature, we show how the anisotropic single-chain structure factor can be decomposed by spherical harmonics and experimentally reconstructed from its cross sections on the scattering planes. Read More

This paper investigates the global existence and the decay rate in time of the solution to the Cauchy problem for an incompressible Oldroyd model with a deformation tensor damping term. We firstly prove the global existence of the solution for small initial data. Then we derive the sharp decay rate of the solution in $L^{2}-$norm. Read More

In this paper, we perform a comprehensive study of the renormalization group (RG) method on thermal tensor networks (TTN). By Trotter-Suzuki decomposition, one obtains the 1+1D TTN representing the partition function of 1D quantum lattice models, and then employs efficient RG contractions to obtain the thermodynamic properties with high precision. The linearized tensor renormalization group (LTRG) method, which can be used to contract TTN in an efficient and accurate way, is briefly reviewed. Read More

In this paper, we propose an accurate edge detector using richer convolutional features (RCF). Since objects in nature images have various scales and aspect ratios, the automatically learned rich hierarchical representations by CNNs are very critical and effective to detect edges and object boundaries. And the convolutional features gradually become coarser with receptive fields increasing. Read More

Glassy materials are commonly encountered in our daily life. There has been much interest in understanding their microscopic mechanism which controls the flow behavior for scientific as well as technological reasons. However, the structural basis through which the collectivity in particle motion influences their rheological behavior remains to be explored experimentally. Read More

In this work we propose a series-expansion thermal tensor network (SETTN) approach for efficient simulations of quantum lattice models. This continuous-time SETTN method is based on the numerically exact Taylor series expansion of equilibrium density operator $e^{-\beta H}$ (with $H$ the total Hamiltonian and $\beta$ the imaginary time), and is thus Trotter-error free. We discover, through simulating XXZ spin chain and square-lattice quantum Ising models, that not only the Hamiltonian $H$, but also its powers $H^n$, can be efficiently expressed as matrix product operators, which enables us to calculate with high precision the equilibrium and dynamical properties of quantum lattice models at finite temperatures. Read More

The key kinetic barrier to dolomite formation is related to the surface Mg2+-H2O complex, which hinders binding of surface Mg2+ ions to the CO3 2- ions in solution. It has been proposed that this reaction can be catalyzed by dissolved hydrogen sulfide. To characterize the role of dissolved hydrogen sulfide in the dehydration of surface Mg 2+ ions, ab initio simulations based on density functional theory (DFT) were carried out to study the thermodynamics of competitive adsorption of hydrogen sulfide and water on dolomite (104) surfaces from solution. Read More

In many domains such as medicine, training data is in short supply. In such cases, external knowledge is often helpful in building predictive models. We propose a novel method to incorporate publicly available domain expertise to build accurate models. Read More

The combination of multi-armed bandit (MAB) algorithms with Monte-Carlo tree search (MCTS) has made a significant impact in various research fields. The UCT algorithm, which combines the UCB bandit algorithm with MCTS, is a good example of the success of this combination. The recent breakthrough made by AlphaGo, which incorporates convolutional neural networks with bandit algorithms in MCTS, also highlights the necessity of bandit algorithms in MCTS. Read More

Rapid, non-destructive characterization of molecular level chemistry for organic matter (OM) is experimentally challenging. Raman spectroscopy is one of the most widely used techniques for non-destructive chemical characterization, although it currently does not provide detailed identification of molecular components in OM, due to the combination of diffraction-limited spatial resolution and poor applicability of peak-fitting algorithms. Here, we develop a genome-inspired collective molecular structure fingerprinting approach, which utilizes ab initio calculations and data mining techniques to extract molecular level chemistry from the Raman spectra of OM. Read More

We are motivated by the need for a generic object proposal generation algorithm which achieves good balance between object detection recall, proposal localization quality and computational efficiency. We propose a novel object proposal algorithm, BING++, which inherits the virtue of good computational efficiency of BING but significantly improves its proposal localization quality. At high level we formulate the problem of object proposal generation from a novel probabilistic perspective, based on which our BING++ manages to improve the localization quality by employing edges and segments as intermedia to estimate object boundaries and update the proposals sequentially. Read More

We derive a compact matrix expression for the linear thermal expansion coefficients (TECs) for a general orthorhombic system which relates the elastic properties and the integrated quantities based on deformation and mode dependent Gruneisen parameters and mode dependent heat capacities. The density of Gruneisen parameters $\Gamma(\nu)$ as a function of frequency $\nu$, weighted by the number of phonon modes, is introduced and found to be insightful in interpreting the TEC results. Using density-functional perturbation theory and Gruneisen formalism for thermal expansion, we illustrate the general usefulness of this method by calculating the linear and volumetric TECs of a low-symmetry orthorhombic compound antimony sulfide (Sb2S3), a compound belonging to a large class of technologically and fundamentally important materials. Read More

Compared to the error diffusion, dot diffusion provides an additional pixel-level parallelism for digital halftoning. However, even though its periodic and blocking artifacts had been eased by previous works, it was still far from satisfactory in terms of the blue noise spectrum perspective. In this work, we strengthen the relationship among the pixel locations of the same processing order by an iterative halftoning method, and the results demonstrate a significant improvement. Read More

The UCT algorithm, which combines the UCB algorithm and Monte-Carlo Tree Search (MCTS), is currently the most widely used variant of MCTS. Recently, a number of investigations into applying other bandit algorithms to MCTS have produced interesting results. In this research, we will investigate the possibility of combining the improved UCB algorithm, proposed by Auer et al. Read More

A new method for analyzing collimation angle of neutron Soller collimator is described. Gaussian distribution formula is used to define the angle distribution function of neutron source and neutron transmission function of Soller collimator. A relationship between FWHM of collimator rocking curve and collimation angle is derived. Read More

Atomically thin boron nitride (BN) nanosheets have been found an excellent substrate for noble metal particles enabled surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), thanks to their good adsorption of aromatic molecules, high thermal stability and weak Raman scattering. Faceted gold (Au) nanoparticles have been synthesized on BN nanosheets by a simple but controllable and reproducible sputtering and annealing method. The size and density of the Au particles can be controlled by sputtering time, current and annealing temperature etc. Read More

The evolution of the electronic absorption edge of type I, II and III kerogen is studied by diffuse reflectance UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy. The functional form of the electronic absorption edge for all kerogens measured is in excellent agreement with the "Urbach tail" phenomenology. The Urbach decay width extracted from the exponential fit within the visible range is strongly correlated with the aliphatic/aromatic ratio in isolated kerogen, regardless of the kerogen type. Read More

We have used neutron scattering to investigate the influence of concentration on the conformation of a star polymer. By varying the contrast between the solvent and isotopically labeled stars, we obtain the distributions of polymer and solvent within a star polymer from analysis of scattering data. A correlation between the local desolvation and the inward folding of star branches is discovered. Read More

In this work we present a new model for the form factor of a star polymer consisting of self-avoiding branches. This new model incorporates excluded volume effects and is derived from the two point correlation function for a star polymer.. Read More

The dynamics of soft colloids in solutions is characterized by internal collective motion as well as center-of-mass diffusion. Using neutron scattering we demonstrate that the competition between the relaxation processes associated with these two degrees of freedom results in strong dependence of dynamics and structure on colloid concentration, c, even well below the overlap concentration c*. We show that concurrent with increasing inter-particle collisions, substantial structural dehydration and slowing-down of internal dynamics occur before geometrically defined colloidal overlap develops. Read More

We present a lattice dynamics study of orthorhombic antimony sulphide (Sb2S3) obtained using density-functional calculations in conjunction with the supercell force-constant method. The effect of Born effective charges is taken into account using a mixed-space approach, resulting in the splitting of longitudinal and transverse optical (LO-TO) phonon branches near the zone center. Zone-center frequencies agree well with Raman scattering experiments. Read More

Tunneling between the two lowest energy levels of single molecule magnets with Ising type anisotropy, accompanied by the emission or absorption of phonons, is considered. Quantitatively accurate calculations of the rates for such tunneling are performed for a model Hamiltonian especially relevant to the best studied example, \Fe8. Two different methods are used: high-order perturbation theory in the spin-phonon interaction and the non-Ising-symmetric parts of the spin Hamiltonian, and a novel semiclassical approach based on spin-coherent-state-path-integral instantons. Read More

One major goal in condensed matter physics is identifying the physical mechanisms that lead to arrested states of matter, especially gels and glasses. The complex nature and microscopic details of each particular system are relevant. However, from both scientific and technological viewpoints, a general, consistent and unified definition is of paramount importance. Read More

We consider the adiabatic evolution of Kramers degenerate pairs of spin states in a half-integer spin molecular magnet as the molecule is slowly rotated. To reveal the full details the of the quantum evolution, we use Majorana's parametrisation of a general state in the $2j+1$ dimensional Hilbert space in terms of $2j$ Majorana points. We show that the intricate motion of the Majorana points may be described by a classical hamiltonian which is of the same form, but of quite different origin, as that which appears in the spin-coherent-state path integral. Read More

A hierarchical metropolitan quantum cryptography network upon the inner-city commercial telecom fiber cables is reported in this paper. The seven-user network contains a four-node backbone net with one node acting as the subnet gateway, a two-user subnet and a single-fiber access link, which is realized by the Faraday-Michelson Interferometer set-ups. The techniques of the quantum router, optical switch and trusted relay are assembled here to guarantee the feasibility and expandability of the quantum cryptography network. Read More

Nanoscale lithography on La$_{0.7}$Sr$_{0.3}$MnO$_{3}$ (LSMO) thin film surfaces has been performed by scanning tunneling microscopy under ambient conditions. Read More

Nanoscale lithography on SrRuO3 (SRO) thin film surfaces has been performed by scanning tunneling microscopy under ambient conditions. The depth of etched lines increases with increasing bias voltage but it does not change significantly by increasing the tunneling current. The dependence of line width on bias voltage from experimental data is in agreement with theoretical calculation based on field-induced evaporation. Read More

In the framework of Regge phenomenology, masses of the charmed states $c\bar{q} (q=u,d,s)$ lying on the $1^3S_1$-like trajectories are estimated. The overall agreement between our estimated masses and the recent predictions given by modified quark models[hep-ph/0605019, hep-ph/0608011, hep-ph/0608139] is good. Masses of the observed charmed states $D_{s0}(2317)$, $D_{sJ}(2860)$ and $D_{sJ}(2690)$/$D_{sJ}(2700)$ can be reasonably reproduced in the picture of these charmed states as simple quark-antiquark configurations. Read More

Small angle neutron scattering intensity distributions taken from cytochrome C and lysozyme protein solutions show a rising intensity at very small wave vector, Q, which can be interpreted in terms of the presence of a weak long-range attraction between protein molecules. This interaction has a range several times that of the diameter of the protein molecule, much greater than the range of the screened electrostatic repulsion. We show evidence that this long-range attraction is closely related to the type of anion present and ion concentration in the solution. Read More