# Yosuke Mizuno - Kyoto University

## Contact Details

NameYosuke Mizuno |
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AffiliationKyoto University |
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CityKyoto |
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CountryJapan |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (20) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (10) Astrophysics (9) Physics - Optics (6) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2) Astrophysics of Galaxies (2) Physics - Materials Science (1) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1) |

## Publications Authored By Yosuke Mizuno

We present the black hole accretion code (BHAC), a new multidimensional general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamics module for the MPI-AMRVAC framework. BHAC has been designed to solve the equations of ideal general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamics in arbitrary spacetimes and exploits adaptive mesh refinement techniques with an efficient block-based approach. Several spacetimes have already been implemented and tested. Read More

We study the interaction of relativistic jets with their environment, using 3-dimensional relativistic particle-in-cell simulations for two cases of jet composition: (i) electron-proton ($e^{-}-p^{+}$) and (ii) electron-positron ($e^{\pm}$) plasmas containing helical magnetic fields. We have performed simulations of "global" jets containing helical magnetic fields in order to examine how helical magnetic fields affect kinetic instabilities such as the Weibel instability, the kinetic Kelvin-Helmholtz instability and the Mushroom instability. We have found that these kinetic instabilities are suppressed and new types of instabilities can grow. Read More

In the study of relativistic jets one of the key open questions is their interaction with the environment on the microscopic level. Here, we study the initial evolution of both electron$-$proton ($e^{-}-p^{+}$) and electron$-$positron ($e^{\pm}$) relativistic jets containing helical magnetic fields, focusing on their interaction with an ambient plasma. We have performed simulations of "global" jets containing helical magnetic fields in order to examine how helical magnetic fields affect kinetic instabilities such as the Weibel instability, the kinetic Kelvin-Helmholtz instability (kKHI) and the Mushroom instability (MI). Read More

Fast Magnetic Reconnection is currently regarded as an important process also beyond the solar system, specially in magnetically dominated regions of galactic and extragalactic sources like the surrounds of black holes and relativistic jets. In this lecture we discuss briefly the theory of fast magnetic reconnection, specially when driven by turbulence which is very frequent in Astrophysical flows, and its implications for relativistic particle acceleration. Then we discuss these processes in the context of the sources above, showing recent analytical and multidimensional numerical MHD studies that indicate that fast reconnection can be a powerful process to accelerate particles to relativistic velocities, produce the associated high energy non-thermal emission, and account for efficient conversion of magnetic into kinetic energy in these flows. Read More

Collaborative international efforts under the name of the Event Horizon Telescope project, using sub- mm very long baseline interferometry, are soon expected to provide the first images of the shadow cast by the candidate supermassive black hole in our Galactic center, Sagittarius A*. Observations of this shadow would provide direct evidence of the existence of astrophysical black holes. Although it is expected that astrophysical black holes are described by the axisymmetric Kerr solution, there also exist many other black hole solutions, both in general relativity and in other theories of gravity, which cannot presently be ruled out. Read More

(Abridged) We here continue our effort to model the behaviour of matter when orbiting or accreting onto a generic black hole by developing a new numerical code employing advanced techniques geared solve the equations of in general-relativistic hydrodynamics. The new code employs a number of high-resolution shock-capturing Riemann-solvers and reconstruction algorithms, exploiting the enhanced accuracy and the reduced computational cost of AMR techniques. In addition, the code makes use of sophisticated ray-tracing libraries that, coupled with general-relativistic radiation-transfer calculations, allow us to compute accurately the electromagnetic emissions from such accretion flows. Read More

Using the three-dimensional relativistic magnetohydrodynamic code RAISHIN, we investigated the influence of radial density profile on the spatial development of the current-driven kink instability along magnetized rotating, relativistic jets. For the purpose of our study, we used a non-periodic computational box, the jet flow is initially established across the computational grid, and a precessional perturbation at the inlet triggers the growth of the kink instability. We studied light as well as heavy jets with respect to the environment depending on the density profile. Read More

We present the first polarimetric space VLBI imaging observations at 22 GHz. BL Lacertae was observed in 2013 November 10 with the RadioAstron space VLBI mission, including a ground array of 15 radio telescopes. The instrumental polarization of the space radio telescope is found to be within 9%, demonstrating the polarimetric imaging capabilities of RadioAstron at 22 GHz. Read More

To achieve a distributed reflectivity measurement along an optical fiber, we develop a simplified cost-effective configuration of optical correlation- (or coherence-) domain reflectometry based on a synthesized optical coherence function by sinusoidal modulation. By excluding conventional optical heterodyne detection (practically, without using an acousto-optic modulator) and by exploiting the foot of the Fresnel reflection spectrum, the electrical bandwidth required for signal processing is lowered down to several megahertz. We evaluate the basic system performance and demonstrate its high-speed operation (10 ms for one scan) by tracking a moving reflection point in real time. Read More

We have performed two-dimensional special-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of non-equilibrium over-pressured relativistic jets in cylindrical geometry. Multiple stationary recollimation shock and rarefaction structures are produced along the jet by the nonlinear interaction of shocks and rarefaction waves excited at the interface between the jet and the surrounding ambient medium. Although initially the jet is kinematically dominated, we have considered axial, toroidal and helical magnetic fields to investigate the effects of different magnetic-field topologies and strengths on the recollimation structures. Read More

HH 212 is a nearby (400 pc) highly collimated protostellar jet powered by a Class 0 source in Orion. We have mapped the inner 80" (~ 0.16 pc) of the jet in SiO (J=8-7) and CO (J=3-2) simultaneously at ~ 0. Read More

General relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) flows along magnetic fields threading a black hole can be divided into inflow and outflow parts, according to the result of the competition between the black hole gravity and magneto-centrifugal forces along the field line. Here we present the first self-consistent, semi-analytical solution for a cold, Poynting flux-dominated (PFD) GRMHD flow, which passes all four critical (inner and outer, Alfven and fast magnetosonic) points along a parabolic streamline. By assuming that the dominating (electromagnetic) component of the energy flux per flux tube is conserved at the surface where the inflow and outflow are separated, the outflow part of the solution can be constrained by the inflow part. Read More

**Authors:**Ivan Agudo, Markus Boettcher, Heino Falcke, Markos Georganopoulos, Gabriele Ghisellini, Gabriele Giovannini, Marcello Giroletti, Jose L. Gomez, Leonid Gurvits, Robert Laing, Matthew Lister, Jose-Maria Marti, Eileen T. Meyer, Yosuke Mizuno, Shane O'Sullivan, Paolo Padovani, Zsolt Paragi, Manel Perucho, Dominik Schleicher, Lukasz Stawarz, Nektarios Vlahakis, John Wardle

Relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei (AGN) are among the most powerful astrophysical objects discovered to date. Indeed, jetted AGN studies have been considered a prominent science case for SKA, and were included in several different chapters of the previous SKA Science Book (Carilli & Rawlings 2004). Most of the fundamental questions about the physics of relativistic jets still remain unanswered, and await high-sensitivity radio instruments such as SKA to solve them. Read More

We developed an alternative configuration of simplified Brillouin optical correlation-domain reflectometry, which can overcome the drawbacks of the original configuration. This system uses, as reference light, the light that is Fresnel reflected at a partial reflection point artificially produced near an optical circulator. We show that the influence of the 0th correlation peak fixed at the partial reflection point can be suppressed by replacing the nearby fibers with other fibers having different Brillouin frequency shift values (here, multi-mode fibers are used). Read More

We measure the Brillouin gain spectra in two cores (the central core and one of the outer cores) of a ~3-m-long, silica-based, 7-core multi-core fiber (MCF) with incident light of 1550 nm wavelength, and investigate the Brillouin frequency shift (BFS) and its dependence on strain and temperature. The BFSs of both the cores are ~10.92 GHz, and the strain- and temperature-dependence coefficients of the BFS in the central core are 484. Read More

We observe an interference pattern using a simple fiber-optic interferometer consisting of an electrical spectrum analyzer and a narrowband light source, which is commonly employed for observing the Brillouin gain spectrum. This interference pattern expands well beyond the frequency range corresponding to the Brillouin frequency shift in silica fibers (approximately 11 GHz at 1550 nm). Using both silica single-mode and polymer optical sensing fibers, we then experimentally prove that the distinctive noise in a self-heterodyne-based Brillouin measurement with an unoptimized polarization state originates from the interference between the reference light and the Fresnel-reflected light. Read More

We develop a simple and cost-efficient configuration of Brillouin optical correlation-domain reflectometry (BOCDR), the setup of which does not include an additional reference path used in standard BOCDR systems. The Fresnel-reflected light from an open end of a sensing fiber is used as reference light. The limitations of spatial resolution, measurement range, and their ratio are theoretically clarified, and then a distributed strain measurement with a < 100-mm spatial resolution and a 4. Read More

We have investigated the influence of velocity shear and a radial density profile on the spatial development of the current driven kink instability along helically magnetized relativistic jets via three-dimensional relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations. In this study, we use a non-periodic computational box, the jet flow is initially established across the computational grid, and a precessional perturbation at the inlet triggers growth of the kink instability. If the velocity shear radius is located inside the characteristic radius of the helical magnetic field, a static non-propagating current driven kink is excited as the perturbation propagates down the jet. Read More

We have investigated via two-dimensional relativistic MHD simulations the long-term evolution of turbulence created by a relativistic shock propagating through an inhomogeneous medium. In the postshock region, magnetic field is strongly amplified by turbulent motions triggered by preshock density inhomogeneities. Using a long-simulation box we have followed the magnetic-field amplification until it is fully developed and saturated. Read More

**Category:**Physics - Optics

Although high-transmission-capacity optical fibers are in demand, the problem of the fiber fuse phenomenon needs to be resolved to prevent the destruction of fibers. As polymer optical fibers become more prevalent, clarifying their fuse properties has become important. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a fuse propagation velocity of 21. Read More

We have investigated the role of the equation of state in resistive relativistic magnetohydrodynamics using a newly developed resistive relativistic magnetohydrodynamic code. A number of numerical tests in one-dimension and multi-dimensions are carried out in order to check the robustness and accuracy of the new code. The code passes all the tests in situations involving both small and large uniform conductivities. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NTHU,

^{2}TIARA, ASIAA,

^{3}NTHU,

^{4}NTHU

**Category:**High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

We investigate the extraction of the rotational energy of a black hole under different accreting environment. When the accretion rate is moderate, the accretion disk consists of an outer thin disk and an inner advection-dominated accretion flow. In such a combined disk, the outer thin disk can sustain a magnetic field with moderate strength at the event horizon, leading to the formation of relativistic jets with moderate luminosity and speed via the magnetohrodynamic Penrose process. Read More

We have investigated the influence of jet rotation and differential motion on the linear and nonlinear development of the current-driven (CD) kink instability of force-free helical magnetic equilibria via three-dimensional relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations. In this study, we follow the temporal development within a periodic computational box. Displacement of the initial helical magnetic field leads to the growth of the CD kink instability. Read More

We have investigated the influence of a velocity shear surface on the linear and non-linear development of the CD kink instability of force-free helical magnetic equilibria in 3D. In this study we follow the temporal development within a periodic computational box and concentrate on flows that are sub-Alfvenic on the cylindrical jet's axis. Displacement of the initial force-free helical magnetic field leads to the growth of CD kink instability. Read More

We have investigated the relaxation of a hydrostatic hot plasma column containing toroidal magnetic field by the Current-Driven (CD) kink instability as a model of pulsar wind nebulae. In our simulations the CD kink instability is excited by a small initial velocity perturbation and develops turbulent structure inside the hot plasma column. We demonstrate that, as envisioned by Begelman, the hoop stress declines and the initial gas pressure excess near the axis decreases. Read More

We perform two-dimensional relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of a mildly relativistic shock propagating through an inhomogeneous medium. We show that the postshock region becomes turbulent owing to preshock density inhomogeneity, and the magnetic field is strongly amplified due to the stretching and folding of field lines in the turbulent velocity field. The amplified magnetic field evolves into a filamentary structure in two-dimensional simulations. Read More

We have investigated the development of current-driven (CD) kink instability through three-dimensional relativistic MHD simulations. A static force-free equilibrium helical magnetic configuration is considered in order to study the influence of the initial configuration on the linear and nonlinear evolution of the instability. We found that the initial configuration is strongly distorted but not disrupted by the kink instability. Read More

We solve the Riemann problem for the deceleration of an arbitrarily magnetized relativistic flow injected into a static unmagnetized medium in one dimension. We find that for the same initial Lorentz factor, the reverse shock becomes progressively weaker with increasing magnetization \sigma (the Poynting-to kinetic energy flux ratio), and the shock becomes a rarefaction wave when \sigma exceeds a critical value, \sigma_c, defined by the balance between the magnetic pressure in the flow and the thermal pressure in the forward shock. In the rarefaction wave regime, we find that the rarefied region is accelerated to a Lorentz factor that is significantly larger than the initial value. Read More

**Authors:**Yosuke Mizuno

^{1}, Philip Hardee

^{2}, Dieter H. Hartmann

^{3}, Ken-Ichi Nishikawa

^{4}, Bing Zhang

^{5}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NSSTC/NASA-MSFC,

^{2}UA,

^{3}Clemson Univ.,

^{4}NSSTC/UAH,

^{5}UNLV

**Category:**Astrophysics

We performed relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the hydrodynamic boosting mechanism for relativistic jets explored by Aloy & Rezzolla (2006) using the RAISHIN code. Simulation results show that the presence of a magnetic field changes the properties of the shock interface between the tenuous, overpressured jet ($V^z_j$) flowing tangentially to a dense external medium. Magnetic fields can lead to more efficient acceleration of the jet, in comparison to the pure-hydrodynamic case. Read More

A new general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (GRMHD) code ``RAISHIN'' used to simulate jet generation by rotating and non-rotating black holes with a geometrically thin Keplarian accretion disk finds that the jet develops a spine-sheath structure in the rotating black hole case. Spine-sheath structure and strong magnetic fields significantly modify the Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH) velocity shear driven instability. The RAISHIN code has been used in its relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (RMHD) configuration to study the effects of strong magnetic fields and weakly relativistic sheath motion, c/2, on the KH instability associated with a relativistic, Lorentz factor equal 2. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NASA/MSFC/NSSTC,

^{2}UA,

^{3}NSSTC/UAH

**Category:**Astrophysics

Numerical simulations of weakly magnetized and strongly magnetized relativistic jets embedded in a weakly magnetized and strongly magnetized stationary or weakly relativistic (v = c/2) sheath have been performed. A magnetic field parallel to the flow is used in these simulations performed by the new GRMHD numerical code RAISHIN used in its RMHD configuration. In the numerical simulations the Lorentz factor $\gamma = 2. Read More

We have investigated the spin-dependent transport properties of GaMnAs-based three-terminal semiconductor spin hot-carrier transistor (SSHCT) structures. The emitter-base bias voltage VEB dependence of the collector current IC, emitter current IE, and base current IB shows that the current transfer ratio alpha (= IC / IE) and the current gain beta (= IC / IB) are 0.8-0. Read More

**Authors:**Yosuke Mizuno

^{1}, Ken-Ichi Nishikawa

^{2}, Shinji Koide

^{3}, Philip Hardee

^{4}, Gerald J. Fishman

^{5}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NSSTC/MSFC/NPP,

^{2}NSSTC/UAH,

^{3}Kumamoto Univ.,

^{4}UA,

^{5}MSFC

**Category:**Astrophysics

We have performed several simulations of black hole systems (non-rotating, black hole spin parameter a=0.0 and rapidly rotating, a=0.95) with a geometrically thin Keplerian disk using the newly developed RAISHIN code. Read More

**Authors:**Yosuke Mizuno

^{1}, Ken-Ichi Nishikawa

^{2}, Shinji Koide

^{3}, Philip Hardee

^{4}, Gerald J. Fishman

^{5}

**Affiliations:**

^{1}National Space Science and Technology Center,

^{2}National Space Science and Technology Center,

^{3}Kumamoto University,

^{4}The University of Alabama,

^{5}NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, National Space Science and Technology Center

**Category:**Astrophysics

We have developed a new three-dimensional general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) code, RAISHIN, using a conservative, high resolution shock-capturing scheme. The numerical fluxes are calculated using the Harten, Lax, & van Leer (HLL) approximate Riemann solver scheme. The flux-interpolated, constrained transport scheme is used to maintain a divergence-free magnetic field. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Kyoto University,

^{2}Waseda University,

^{3}Toyama University,

^{4}Kwasan Observartory

**Category:**Astrophysics

We have performed 2.5-dimensional general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of collapsars including a rotating black hole. This paper is an extension of our previous paper (Mizuno et al. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Kyoto University,

^{2}Waseda University,

^{3}Toyama University,

^{4}Kwasan Observartory

**Category:**Astrophysics

We have performed 2.5-dimensional general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of the gravitational collapse of a magnetized rotating massive star as a model of gamma ray bursts (GRBs). This simulation showed the formation of a disk-like structure and the generation of a jet-like outflow inside the shock wave launched at the core bounce. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Kyoto University,

^{2}Waseda University,

^{3}Toyama University,

^{4}Kwasan Observartory

**Category:**Astrophysics

We have performed 2.5-dimensional general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of the gravitational collapse of a magnetized rotating massive star as a model of gamma ray bursts (GRBs). The current calculation focuses on general relativistic MHD with simplified microphysics (we ignore neutrino cooling, physical equation of state, and photodisintegration). Read More