Yi Lu - IHEP

Yi Lu
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Yi Lu

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Pub Categories

Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (7)
Mathematics - Information Theory (5)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (5)
Computer Science - Information Theory (5)
Physics - Materials Science (4)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (4)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (3)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
Mathematics - Probability (2)
Computer Science - Performance (1)
Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Computer Science - Databases (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Physics - Classical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Yi Lu

Halo bias is the one of the key ingredients of the halo models. It was shown at a given redshift to be only dependent, to the first order, on the halo mass. In this study, four types of cosmic web environments: clusters, filaments, sheets and voids are defined within a state of the art high resolution $N$-body simulation. Read More

We analyze the charge- and spin response functions of rare-earth nickelates RNiO3 and their heterostructures using random-phase approximation in a two-band Hubbard model. The inter-orbital charge fluctuation is found to be the driving mechanism for the rock-salt type bond order in bulk RNiO3, and good agreement of the ordering temperature with experimental values is achieved for all RNiO3 using realistic crystal structures and interaction parameters. We further show that magnetic ordering in bulk is not driven by the spin fluctuation and should be instead explained as ordering of localized moments. Read More

We study a covert queueing channel between two users sharing a round robin scheduler. Such a covert channel can arise when users share a resource such as a computer processor or a router arbitrated by a round robin policy. We present an information-theoretic framework to model and derive the maximum reliable data transmission rate, i. Read More

The air pollution has become a serious challenge in China. Emissions from motor vehicles have been found as one main source of air pollution. Although the Chinese government has taken numerous policies to mitigate the harmful emissions from road transport sector, it is still uncertain for both policy makers and researchers to know to what extent the policies are effective in the short and long terms. Read More

Using a method to correct redshift space distortion (RSD) for individual galaxies, we mapped the real space distributions of galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 7 (DR7). We use an ensemble of mock catalogs to demonstrate the reliability of our method. Here as the first paper in a series, we mainly focus on the two point correlation function (2PCF) of galaxies. Read More

A galaxy group catalog is constructed from the 2MASS Redshift Survey (2MRS) with the use of a halo-based group finder. The halo mass associated with a group is estimated using a `GAP' method based on the luminosity of the central galaxy and its gap with other member galaxies. Tests using mock samples shows that this method is reliable, particularly for poor systems containing only a few members. Read More

In the mid-second decade of new millennium, the development of IT has reached unprecedented new heights. As one derivative of Moore's law, the operating system evolves from the initial 16 bits, 32 bits, to the ultimate 64 bits. Most modern computing platforms are in transition to the 64-bit versions. Read More

Based on the star formation histories (SFH) of galaxies in halos of different masses, we develop an empirical model to grow galaxies in dark mattet halos. This model has very few ingredients, any of which can be associated to observational data and thus be efficiently assessed. By applying this model to a very high resolution cosmological $N$-body simulation, we predict a number of galaxy properties that are a very good match to relevant observational data. Read More

The contact of water with graphene is of fundamental importance and of great interest for numerous promising applications, but how graphene interacts with water remains unclear. Here we used atomic force microscopy to investigate hydrophilic mica substrates with some regions covered by mechanically exfoliated graphene layers in water. In water containing air gas close to the saturation concentration (within ~40%), cap-shaped nanostructures and ordered stripe domains were observed on graphene-covered regions, but not on pure mica regions. Read More

In light of intense hurricane activity along the U.S. Atlantic coast, attention has turned to understanding both the economic impact and behaviour of these storms. Read More

With the advent of massive data outputs at a regular rate, admittedly, signal processing technology plays an increasingly key role. Nowadays, signals are not merely restricted to physical sources, they have been extended to digital sources as well. Under the general assumption of discrete statistical signal sources, we propose a practical problem of sampling incomplete noisy signals for which we do not know a priori and the sample size is bounded. Read More

Pioneered by Google's Pregel, many distributed systems have been developed for large-scale graph analytics. These systems expose the user-friendly "think like a vertex" programming interface to users, and exhibit good horizontal scalability. However, these systems are designed for tasks where the majority of graph vertices participate in computation, but are not suitable for processing light-workload graph queries where only a small fraction of vertices need to be accessed. Read More

The impact parameter dependence of \rpi ratio is examined in heavy-ion collisions at 400MeV/nucleon within a transport model. It is shown that the sensitivity of \rpi ratio on symmetry energy shows a transition from central to peripheral collisions, i.e. Read More

Experimental investigations of hydrophobic/water interfaces often return controversial results, possibly due to the unknown role of gas accumulation at the interfaces. Here, during advanced atomic force microscopy of the initial evolution of gas-containing structures at a highly ordered pyrolytic graphite/water interface, a fluid phase first appeared as a circular wetting layer ~0.3 nm in thickness and was later transformed into a cap-shaped nanostructure (an interfacial nanobubble). Read More

A trigger system was designed for the external target experiment in the Cooling Storage Ring (CSR) of the Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL). Considering that different detectors are scattered in a large area, the trigger system is designed based on a master-slave structure and fiber-based serial data transmission technique. The trigger logic is organized in hierarchies, and flexible reconfiguration of the trigger function is achieved based on command register access or overall field-programmable gate array (FPGA) logic on-line reconfiguration controlled by remote computers. Read More

Reliable halo mass estimation for a given galaxy system plays an important role both in cosmology and galaxy formation studies. Here we set out to find the way that can improve the halo mass estimation for those galaxy systems with limited brightest member galaxies been observed. Using four mock galaxy samples constructed from semi-analytical formation models, the subhalo abundance matching method and the conditional luminosity functions, respectively, we find that the luminosity gap between the brightest and the subsequent brightest member galaxies in a halo (group) can be used to significantly reduce the scatter in the halo mass estimation based on the luminosity of the brightest galaxy alone. Read More

Massive graphs, such as online social networks and communication networks, have become common today. To efficiently analyze such large graphs, many distributed graph computing systems have been developed. These systems employ the "think like a vertex" programming paradigm, where a program proceeds in iterations and at each iteration, vertices exchange messages with each other. Read More

With the advent of massive data outputs at a regular rate, admittedly, signal processing technology plays an increasingly key role. Nowadays, signals are not merely restricted to physical sources, they have been extended to digital sources as well. Under the general assumption of discrete statistical signal sources, we propose a practical problem of sampling incomplete noisy signals for which we do not know a priori and the sample size is bounded. Read More

We present a systematic method for computing explicit approximations to martingale representations for a large class of Brownian functionals. The approximations are obtained by obtained by computing a directional derivative of the weak Euler scheme and yield a consistent estimator for the integrand in the martingale representation formula for any square-integrable functional of the solution of an SDE with path-dependent coefficients. Explicit convergence rates are derived for functionals which are Lipschitz-continuous in the supremum norm. Read More

The thermodynamic properties of gases have been understood primarily through phase diagrams of bulk gases. However, observations of gases confined in a nanometer space have posed a challenge to the principles of classical thermodynamics. Here, we investigated interfacial structures comprising either O2 or N2 between water and a hydrophobic solid surface by using advanced atomic force microscopy techniques. Read More

We present prominent photoresponse of bio-inspired graphene-based phototransistors sensitized with chlorophyll molecules. The hybrid graphene-chlorophyll phototransistors exhibit a high gain of 10^6 electrons per photon and a high responsivity of 10^6 A/W, which can be attributed to the integration of high-mobility graphene and the photosensitive chlorophyll molecules. The charge transfer at interface and the photogating effect in the chlorophyll layer can account for the observed photoresponse of the hybrid devices, which is confirmed by the back-gate-tunable photocurrent as well as the thickness and time dependent studies of the photoresponse. Read More

Using the self-consistent modeling of the conditional stellar mass functions across cosmic time by Yang et al. (2012), we make model predictions for the star formation histories (SFHs) of {\it central} galaxies in halos of different masses. The model requires the following two key ingredients: (i) mass assembly histories of central and satellite galaxies, and (ii) local observational constraints of the star formation rates of central galaxies as function of halo mass. Read More

The non-wetting phenomena of water on certain solid surfaces have been under intensive study for decades, but the nature of hydrophobic/water interfaces remains controversial. Here a water/graphite interface is investigated with high-sensitivity atomic force microscopy. We show evidence of nucleation and growth of an epitaxial monolayer on the graphite surface, probably caused by adsorption of nitrogen molecules dissolved in water. Read More

Traditionally, the diffraction of a scalar wave satisfying Helmholtz equation through an aperture on an otherwise black screen can be solved approximately by Kirchhoff's integral over the aperture. Rubinowicz, on the other hand, was able to split the solution into two parts: one is the geometrical part that appears only in the geometrical illuminated region, and the other representing the reflected wave is a line-integral along the edge of the aperture. However, this decomposition is not entirely satisfactory in the sense that the two separated fields are discontinuous at the boundary of the illuminated region. Read More

A dual Ginzburg-Landau model of the knotted chromo-electric flux-tube is revisited, in which the covariant decomposition of gluon field and the random phase approximation are used. It is shown that the SU(2) QCD vacuum is of type-II superconductor, with the Ginzburg-Landau parameter $\kappa = \sqrt{3}$, being independent of the magnetic condensate and strong coupling used, and consistent with the lattice data. The mass spectrum of a number of $f_{J}$ meson states with $J\leq 2$, which are taken to be of glue dominate, are computed with help of the energies of the knotted(linked) QCD fluxtubes. Read More

In join the shortest queue networks, incoming jobs are assigned to the shortest queue from among a randomly chosen subset of $D$ queues, in a system of $N$ queues; after completion of service at its queue, a job leaves the network. We also assume that jobs arrive into the system according to a rate-$\alpha N$ Poisson process, $\alpha<1$, with rate-1 service at each queue. When the service at queues is exponentially distributed, it was shown in Vvedenskaya et al. Read More

We investigate the non-Gaussian features of the IGM at redshift $z\sim 5 - 6$ using Ly$\alpha$ transmitted flux of quasar absorption spectra and cosmological hydrodynamic simulation of the concordance $\Lambda$CDM universe. We show that the neutral hydrogen mass density field and Ly$\alpha$ transmitted flux fluctuations possess all the non-Gaussian features predicted by the log-Poisson hierarchy, which depends only on two dimensionless parameters $\beta$ and $\gamma$, describing, respectively, the intermittence and singularity of the random fields. We find that the non-Gaussianity of the Ly$\alpha$ transmitted flux of quasars from $z=4. Read More

we study, in this paper, the non-Gaussian features of the mass density field of neutral hydrogen fluid and the Ly-alpha transmitted flux of QSO absorption spectrum from the point-of-view of self-similar log-Poisson hierarchy. It has been shown recently that, in the scale range from the onset of nonlinear evolution to dissipation, the velocity and mass density fields of cosmic baryon fluid are extremely well described by the She-Leveque's scaling formula, which is due to the log-Poisson hierarchical cascade. Since the mass density ratio between ionized hydrogen to total hydrogen is not uniform in space, the mass density field of neutral hydrogen component is not given by a similar mapping of total baryon fluid. Read More

`Tree pruning' (TP) is an algorithm for probabilistic inference on binary Markov random fields. It has been recently derived by Dror Weitz and used to construct the first fully polynomial approximation scheme for counting independent sets up to the `tree uniqueness threshold.' It can be regarded as a clever method for pruning the belief propagation computation tree, in such a way to exactly account for the effect of loops. Read More

Measuring network flow sizes is important for tasks like accounting/billing, network forensics and security. Per-flow accounting is considered hard because it requires that many counters be updated at a very high speed; however, the large fast memories needed for storing the counters are prohibitively expensive. Therefore, current approaches aim to obtain approximate flow counts; that is, to detect large elephant flows and then measure their sizes. Read More