Yehuda Afek

Yehuda Afek
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Yehuda Afek

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Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (6)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (2)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)

Publications Authored By Yehuda Afek

Efficient algorithms and techniques to detect and identify large flows in a high throughput traffic stream in the SDN match-and-action model are presented. This is in contrast to previous work that either deviated from the match and action model by requiring additional switch level capabilities or did not exploit the SDN data plane. Our construction has two parts; (a) how to sample in an SDN match and action model, (b) how to detect large flows efficiently and in a scalable way, in the SDN model. Read More

Motivated by a recent new type of randomized Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks on the Domain Name Service (DNS), we develop novel and efficient distinct heavy hitters algorithms and build an attack identification system that uses our algorithms. Heavy hitter detection in streams is a fundamental problem with many applications, including detecting certain DDoS attacks and anomalies. A (classic) heavy hitter (HH) in a stream of elements is a key (e. Read More

Pheromones are a chemical substance produced and released by ants as means of communication. In this work we present the minimum amount of pheromones necessary and sufficient for a colony of ants (identical mobile agents) to deterministically find a food source (treasure), assuming that each ant has the computational capabilities of either a Finite State Machine (FSM) or a Turing Machine (TM). In addition, we provide pheromone-based foraging algorithms capable of handling fail-stop faults. Read More

Using elementary distributed computing techniques we suggest an explanation for two unexplained phenomena in regards to ant colonies, (a) a substantial amount of ants in an ant colony are idle, and (b) the observed low survivability of new ant colonies in nature. Ant colonies employ task allocation, in which ants progress from one task to the other, to meet changing demands introduced by the environment. Extending the biological task allocation model given in [Pacala, Gordon and Godfray 1996] we present a distributed algorithm which mimics the mechanism ants use to solve task allocation efficiently in nature. Read More

In the {\em Musical Chairs} game $MC(n,m)$ a team of $n$ players plays against an adversarial {\em scheduler}. The scheduler wins if the game proceeds indefinitely, while termination after a finite number of rounds is declared a win of the team. At each round of the game each player {\em occupies} one of the $m$ available {\em chairs}. Read More

We consider the problem of computing a maximal independent set (MIS) in an extremely harsh broadcast model that relies only on carrier sensing. The model consists of an anonymous broadcast network in which nodes have no knowledge about the topology of the network or even an upper bound on its size. Furthermore, it is assumed that an adversary chooses at which time slot each node wakes up. Read More

We consider synchronous dynamic networks which like radio networks may have asymmetric communication links, and are affected by communication rather than processor failures. In this paper we investigate the minimal message survivability in a per round basis that allows for the minimal global cooperation, i.e. Read More

Communication is a crucial ingredient in every kind of collaborative work. But what is the least possible amount of communication required for a given task? We formalize this question by introducing a new framework for distributed computation, called {\em oblivious protocols}. We investigate the power of this model by considering two concrete examples, the {\em musical chairs} task $MC(n,m)$ and the well-known {\em Renaming} problem. Read More

Humans are very good at optimizing solutions for specific problems. Biological processes, on the other hand, have evolved to handle multiple constrained distributed environments and so they are robust and adaptable. Inspired by observations made in a biological system we have recently presented a simple new randomized distributed MIS algorithm \cite{ZScience}. Read More