Ye Li - Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Ye Li
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Ye Li
Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (32)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (15)
Nuclear Theory (10)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (7)
Nuclear Experiment (7)
Computer Science - Operating Systems (4)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (2)
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Astrophysics (1)
Quantum Physics (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)

Publications Authored By Ye Li

A combined analysis of the reactions $\pi^+p\to \pi^+p$, $\pi^-p\to \pi^-p$ and $\pi^-p\to \pi^0n$ is carried out with a chiral quark model. The observations are reasonably described from the $\Delta(1232)$ resonance region up to the $N(1440)$ resonance region. Besides the $\Delta(1232)P_{33}$, a confirmed role of $N(1440)P_{11}$ is found in the polarizations of the $\pi^-p\to \pi^-p$ and $\pi^-p\to\pi^0n$ reactions. Read More

The merger of a double neutron star (NS-NS) binary may result in a rapidly rotating massive NS with an extremely strong magnetic field (i.e., a millisecond magnetar). Read More

Gamma ray bursts (GRBs) are classified into long and short categories based on their durations. Broad band studies suggest that these two categories of objects roughly correspond to two different classes of progenitor systems, i.e. Read More

We compute the resummed on-shell $W^+ W^-$ production cross section under a jet-veto at the LHC to partial N$^3$LL order matched to the fixed order NNLO result. Differential NNLO cross sections are obtained from an implementation of $q_T$ subtraction in Sherpa. The two-loop virtual corrections to the $q \bar q \rightarrow W^+ W^-$ amplitude, used in both fixed order and resummation predictions, are extracted from the public code {\tt qqvvamp}. Read More

Random linear network coding (RLNC) in theory achieves the max-flow capacity of multicast networks, at the cost of high decoding complexity. To improve the performance-complexity tradeoff, we consider the design of sparse network codes. A generation-based strategy is employed in which source packets are grouped into overlapping subsets called generations. Read More

Soft function relevant for transverse-momentum resummation for Drell-Yan or Higgs production at hadron colliders are computed through to three loops in the expansion of strong coupling, with the help of bootstrap technique and supersymmetric decomposition. The corresponding rapidity anomalous dimension is extracted. An intriguing relation between anomalous dimensions for transverse-momentum resummation and threshold resummation is found. Read More

Finding an efficient and compelling regularization of soft and collinear degrees of freedom at the same invariant mass scale, but separated in rapidity is a persistent problem in high-energy factorization. In the course of a calculation, one encounters divergences unregulated by dimensional regularization, often called rapidity divergences. Once regulated, a general framework exists for their renormalization, the rapidity renormalization group (RRG), leading to fully resummed calculations of transverse momentum (to the jet axis) sensitive quantities. Read More

Recently, Keane et al. reported the discovery of a fading radio transient following FRB 150418, and interpreted it as the afterglow of the FRB. Williams \& Berger, on the other hand, suggested that the radio transient is analogous to a group of variable radio sources, so that it could be a coincident AGN flare in the observational beam of the FRB. Read More

In this paper we present a next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) calculation of the process $pp\rightarrow \gamma\gamma$ that we have implemented into the parton level Monte Carlo code MCFM. We do not find agreement with the previous calculation of this process in the literature. In addition to the $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_s^2)$ corrections present at NNLO, we include some effects arising at $\mathcal{O}(\alpha_s^3)$, namely those associated with gluon-initiated closed fermion loops. Read More

A combined analysis of the reactions $\pi^-p\rightarrow K^0\Lambda$ and $\eta n$ is carried out with a chiral quark model. The data in the center-of-mass (c.m. Read More

Neutrino-dominated accretion flows (NDAFs) around rotating stellar-mass black holes (BHs) have been theorized as the central engine of relativistic jets launched in massive star core collapse events or compact star mergers. In this work, we calculate the electron neutrino/anti-neutrino spectra of NDAFs by fully taking into account the general relativistic effects, and investigate the effects of viewing angle, BH spin, and mass accretion rate on the results. We show that even though a typical NDAF has a neutrino luminosity lower than that of a typical supernova (SN), it can reach $10^{50}-10^{51}~{\rm erg~s^{-1}}$ peaking at $\sim 10$ MeV, making them potentially detectable with the upcoming sensitive MeV neutrino detectors if they are close enough to Earth. Read More

A new set of fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients based on the Chinese reference adult voxel phantoms CRAM and CRAF are presented for six idealized external neutron exposures from 10-8 MeV to 20 MeV. The voxel phantoms CRAM and CRAF were adjusted from the previous phantoms CNMAN and CNWM respectively, and the masses of individual organs have been adjusted to the Chinese reference data. The calculation of organ-absorbed doses and effective doses were performed with the Monte Carlo transport code MCNPX. Read More

We study the electromagnetic (EM) transitions of the $nS$, $nP$ ($n\leq 3$), and $nD$ ($n\leq 2$) charmonium states with a constituent quark model. We obtain a reasonable description of the EM transitions of the well-established charmonium states $J/\psi$, $\psi(2S)$, $\chi_{cJ}(1P)$, $h_c(1P)$ and $\psi(3770)$. We find that the M2 transitions give notable corrections to some E1 dominant processes by interfering with the E1 transitions. Read More

Nearby Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) have been proposed as a possible cause of mass extinctions on Earth. Due to the higher event rate of GRBs at higher redshifts, it has been speculated that life as we know it may not survive above a certain redshift (e.g. Read More

In this talk, we discuss recent developments in combining parton showers and fixed-order calculations. We focus on the UNNLOPS method for matching next-to-next-to-leading order computations to the parton shower, and we present results from Sherpa for Drell-Yan lepton-pair and Higgs-boson production at the LHC. Read More

A chiral quark-model approach is adopted to study the $\gamma p\rightarrow \pi^0p$ and $\gamma n\rightarrow \pi^0 n$ reactions. Good descriptions of the total and differential cross sections and single-polarization observables are obtained from the pion production threshold up to the second resonance region. It is found that (i) the $n=0$ shell resonance $\Delta(1232)P_{33}$, the $n=1$ shell resonances $N(1535)S_{11}$ and $N(1520)D_{13}$, and the $n=2$ shell resonance $N(1720)P_{13}$ play crucial roles in these two processes. Read More

The role of the $\Lambda(1670)$ resonance in the $\gamma p \to K^+ \eta \Lambda$ reaction near threshold is studied within an effective Lagrangian approach. We perform a calculation for the total and differential cross section of the $\gamma p \to K^+ \eta \Lambda$ reaction by including the contributions from the $\Lambda(1670)$ intermediate state decaying into $\eta \Lambda$ dominated by $K^-$ and $K^{*-}$ mesons exchanges, the nucleon pole and $N^*(1535)$ resonance decaying into $K^+ \Lambda$ dominated by exchanges of $\omega$ and $K^-$ mesons. Besides, the non-resonance process and contact terms to keep the total scattering amplitude gauge invariant are also considered. Read More

One favored progenitor model for short duration gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs) is the coalescence of two neutron stars (NS-NS). One possible outcome of such a merger would be a rapidly spinning, strongly magnetized neutron star (known as a millisecond magnetar). These magnetars may be "supra-massive", implying they would collapse to black holes after losing centrifugal support due to magnetic dipole spindown. Read More

In this paper, we compute the soft-virtual corrections to Higgs boson production in gluon fusion for infinite top quark mass at next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order in QCD. In addition, we present analogous soft-virtual terms for both Drell-Yan lepton production in QCD and scalar pair production in N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory. The result for Drell-Yan lepton production is derived from the result for Higgs boson production using Casimir scaling arguments together with well-known results available in the literature. Read More

The strong decay properties of the higher excited heavy-light mesons from the first radially excited states up to the first $F$-wave states are studied in a constituent quark model. It is found many missing excitations have good potentials to be found in future experiments for their narrow widths, some of them dominantly decay into the first orbital excitations rather than into ground states. In future observations, one should focus on the decay processes not only into the ground states, but also into the low-lying $P$-wave excitations with $J^P=0^+,1^+$. Read More

We discuss how the UN2LOPS scheme for matching NNLO calculations to parton showers can be applied to processes with large higher-order perturbative QCD corrections. We focus on Higgs-boson production through gluon fusion as an example. We also present an NNLO fixed-order event generator for this reaction. Read More

We study Higgs boson production in exclusive jet bins at possible future 33 and 100 TeV proton-proton colliders. We compare the cross sections obtained using fixed-order perturbation theory with those obtained by also resuming large logarithms induced by the jet-binning in the gluon-fusion and associated production channels. The central values obtained by the best-available fixed-order predictions differ by $10-20\%$ from those obtained after including resummation over the majority of phase-space regions considered. Read More

We present a simple approach to combine NNLO QCD calculations and parton showers, based on the UNLOPS technique. We apply the method to the computation of Drell-Yan lepton-pair production at the Large Hadron Collider. We comment on possible improvements and intrinsic uncertainties. Read More

In this paper, we study phenomenologically interesting soft radiation distributions in massless QCD. Specifically, we consider the emission of two soft partons off of a pair of light-like Wilson lines, in either the fundamental or the adjoint representation, at next-to-leading order. Our results are an essential component of the next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order threshold corrections to both Higgs boson production in the gluon fusion channel and Drell-Yan lepton production. Read More

We present a resummation-improved prediction for $VH$ + 0 jets production at the Large Hadron Collider. We focus on highly-boosted final states in the presence of jet veto to suppress the $t{\bar t}$ background. In this case, conventional fixed-order calculations are plagued by the existence of large Sudakov logarithms $\alpha_s^n \log^m (p_T^{veto}/Q)$ for $Q\sim m_V + m_H$ which lead to unreliable predictions as well as large theoretical uncertainties, and thus limit the accuracy when comparing experimental measurements to the Standard Model. Read More

We present a detailed numerical study of lepton-pair production via the Drell-Yan process above the Z-peak at the LHC. Our results consistently combine next-to-next-to-leading order QCD corrections and next-to-leading order electroweak effects, and include the leading photon-initiated processes using a recent extraction of the photon distribution function. We focus on the effects of electroweak corrections and of photon-photon scattering contributions, and demonstrate which kinematic distributions exhibit sensitivity to these corrections. Read More

Multi- and many-core processors are becoming increasingly popular in embedded systems. Many of these processors now feature hardware virtualization capabilities, such as the ARM Cortex A15, and x86 processors with Intel VT-x or AMD-V support. Hardware virtualization offers opportunities to partition physical resources, including processor cores, memory and I/O devices amongst guest virtual machines. Read More

Quest-V is a system we have been developing from the ground up, with objectives focusing on safety, predictability and efficiency. It is designed to work on emerging multicore processors with hardware virtualization support. Quest-V is implemented as a "distributed system on a chip" and comprises multiple sandbox kernels. Read More

Modern processors are increasingly featuring multiple cores, as well as support for hardware virtualization. While these processors are common in desktop and server-class computing, they are less prevalent in embedded and real-time systems. However, smartphones and tablet PCs are starting to feature multicore processors with hardware virtualization. Read More

We study the single soft-gluon current at two loops with two energetic partons in massless perturbative QCD, which describes, for example, the soft limit of the two-loop amplitude for $gg\to Hg$. The results are presented as Laurent expansions in $\epsilon$ in $D=4-2\epsilon$ spacetime dimension. We calculate the expansion to order $\epsilon^2$ analytically, which is a necessary ingredient for Higgs production at hadron colliders at next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order in the soft-virtual approximation. Read More

The reaction $K^-p\rightarrow\Lambda\eta$ at low energies is studied with a chiral quark model approach. Good descriptions of the existing experimental data are obtained. It is found that $\Lambda(1670)$ dominates the reaction around threshold. Read More

We present a survey of the most abundant processes at the LHC for sensitivity to electroweak corrections at \sqrt{s} = 8, 14, 33, and 100 TeV proton-proton collision energies. The processes studied are pp -> dijet, inclusive W and Z, W/Z+jets, and WW. In each case we compare the experimental uncertainty in the highest kinematic regions of interest with the relative magnitude of electroweak corrections and fixed-order \alpha_S calculations. Read More

Minimal Flavor Violation in the up-type quark sector leads to particularly interesting phenomenology due to the interplay of flavor physics in the charm sector and collider physics from flavor changing processes in the top sector. We study the most general operators that can affect top quark properties and $D$ meson decays in this scenario, concentrating on two CP violating operators for detailed studies. The consequences of these effective operators on charm and top flavor changing processes are generically small, but can be enhanced if there exists a light flavor mediator that is a Standard Model gauge singlet scalar and transforms under the flavor symmetry group. Read More

We study the change in the di-photon invariant mass distribution for Higgs boson decays to two photons, due to interference between the Higgs resonance in gluon fusion and the continuum background amplitude for gluon pair to photon pair. Previously, the apparent Higgs mass was found to shift by around 100 MeV in the Standard Model in the leading order approximation, which may potentially be experimentally observable. We compute the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the apparent mass shift, which reduce it by about 40%. Read More

We present new quasars discovered in the vicinity of the Andromeda and Triangulum galaxies with the LAMOST during the 2010 and 2011 observational seasons. Quasar candidates are selected based on the available SDSS, KPNO 4 m telescope, XSTPS optical, and WISE near infrared photometric data. We present 509 new quasars discovered in a stripe of ~135 sq. Read More

The strong decays of $\Xi$ baryons up to N=2 shell were studied in a chiral quark model. The strong decay properties of these well-established ground decuplet baryons were reasonably described. We found that (i) $\Xi(1690)$ and $\Xi(1820)$ could be assigned to the spin-parity $J^P=1/2^-$ state $|70,^{2}{8},1,1,1/2^->$ and the spin-parity $J^P=3/2^-$ state $|70,^{2}{8},1,1,3/2^->$, respectively. Read More

We combine the next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) QCD corrections to lepton-pair production through the Drell-Yan mechanism with the next-to-leading order (NLO) electroweak corrections within the framework of the FEWZ simulation code. Control over both sources of higher-order contributions is necessary for measurements where percent-level theoretical predictions are crucial, and in phase-space regions where the NLO electroweak corrections grow large. The inclusion of both corrections in a single simulation code eliminates the need to separately incorporate such effects as final-state radiation and electroweak Sudakov logarithms when comparing many experimental results to theory. Read More

Biological structure and function depend on complex regulatory interactions between many genes. A wealth of gene expression data is available from high-throughput genome-wide measurement technologies, but effective gene regulatory network inference methods are still needed. Model-based methods founded on quantitative descriptions of gene regulation are among the most promising, but many such methods rely on simple, local models or on ad hoc inference approaches lacking experimental interpretability. Read More

Recently some hints of the existence of $\gamma$-ray line around 130 GeV are reported according to the analysis of Fermi-LAT data. If confirmed it would be the first direct evidence to show the existence of new physics beyond the standard model. Here we suggest that using the forthcoming high energy resolution $\gamma$-ray detectors, such as CALET and DAMPE, we may test whether it is real line structure or just the background effect. Read More

The strong decays of charm-strange baryons up to N=2 shell are studied in a chiral quark model. The theoretical predictions for the well determined charm-strange baryons, $\Xi_c^*(2645)$, $\Xi_c(2790)$ and $\Xi_c(2815)$, are in good agreement with the experimental data. This model is also extended to analyze the strong decays of the other newly observed charm-strange baryons $\Xi_c(2930)$, $\Xi_c(2980)$, $\Xi_c(3055)$, $\Xi_c(3080)$ and $\Xi_c(3123)$. Read More

We present an updated version of the FEWZ (Fully Exclusive W and Z production) code for the calculation of W and gamma*/Z production at next-to-next-to-leading order in the strong coupling. Several new features and observables are introduced, and an order-of-magnitude speed improvement over the performance of FEWZ 2.0 is demonstrated. Read More

This paper outlines the design of `Quest-V', which is implemented as a collection of separate kernels operating together as a distributed system on a chip. Quest-V uses virtualization techniques to isolate kernels and prevent local faults from affecting remote kernels. This leads to a high-confidence multikernel approach, where failures of system subcomponents do not render the entire system inoperable. Read More

We present next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNLO) results for an exclusive soft function that appears in a recently developed factorization theorem for transverse momentum distributions. The factorization theorem, derived using the Soft Collinear Effective Theory, involves both a soft function and unintegrated nucleon distribution functions fully differential in momentum coordinates. The soft function is given by the vacuum matrix element of soft Wilson lines and is also fully differential in all components. Read More

We introduce an improved version of the simulation code FEWZ (Fully Exclusive W and Z Production) for hadron collider production of lepton pairs through the Drell-Yan process at next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNLO) in the strong coupling constant. The program is fully differential in the phase space of leptons and additional hadronic radiation. The new version offers users significantly more options for customization. Read More

This note is a continuation of the author's paper \cite{Li}. We prove that if the metric $g$ of a 4-manifold has bounded Ricci curvature and the curvature has no local concentration everywhere, then it can be smoothed to a metric with bounded sectional curvature. Here we don't assume the bound for local Sobolev constant of $g$ and hence this smoothing result can be applied to the collapsing case. Read More

We study the potential of the LHC and future low-energy experiments to precisely measure the underlying model parameters of a new Z' boson. We emphasize the complimentary information obtained from both on- and off-peak LHC dilepton data, from the future Q-weak measurement of the weak charge of the proton, and from a proposed measurement of parity violation in low-energy Moller scattering. We demonstrate the importance of off-peak LHC data and Q-weak for removing sign degeneracies between Z' couplings that occur if only on-peak LHC data is studied. Read More

Affiliations: 1Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, 2Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, 3Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China, 4Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

The GZK cutoff predicted at the Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray (UHECR) spectrum as been observed by the HiRes and Auger experiments. The results put severe constraints on the effect of Lorentz Invariance Violation(LIV) which has been introduced to explain the absence of GZK cutoff indicated in the AGASA data. Assuming homogeneous source distribution with a single power law spectrum, we calculate the spectrum of UHECRs observed on Earth by taking the processes of photopion production, $e^+e^-$ pair production and adiabatic energy loss into account. Read More

We obtain a local volume growth for complete, noncompact Riemannian manifolds with small integral bounds and with Bach tensor having finite $L^2$ norm in dimension 4. Read More

In the present letter, we propose a more general entangling operator to the quantization of Cournot economic model, in which players can access to a continuous set of strategies. By analyzing the relation between the von Neumann entropy of the entangled state and the total profit of two players precisely, we find that the total profit at the Nash equilibrium always achieves its maximal value as long as the entropy tends to infinity. Moreover, since the asymmetry is introduced in the entangled state, the quantum model shows some kind of "encouraging" and "suppressing" effect in profit functions of different players. Read More

We present an efficient, low-cost implementation of time-hopping impulse radio that fulfills the spectral mask mandated by the FCC and is suitable for high-data-rate, short-range communications. Key features are: (i) all-baseband implementation that obviates the need for passband components, (ii) symbol-rate (not chip rate) sampling, A/D conversion, and digital signal processing, (iii) fast acquisition due to novel search algorithms, (iv) spectral shaping that can be adapted to accommodate different spectrum regulations and interference environments. Computer simulations show that this system can provide 110Mbit/s at 7-10m distance, as well as higher data rates at shorter distances under FCC emissions limits. Read More