Yan Li - SEAMBH collaboration

Yan Li
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Yan Li
SEAMBH collaboration

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (9)
Quantum Physics (7)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (5)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (4)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
Physics - Optics (3)
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
Physics - Materials Science (2)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Computer Science - Learning (2)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (2)
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (2)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Computer Science - Sound (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Cell Behavior (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters (1)
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (1)
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Yan Li

We develope a self-consistent description of the Broad Line Region based on the concept of the failed wind powered by the radiation pressure acting on dusty accretion disk atmosphere in Keplerian motion. The material raised high above the disk is illuminated, dust evaportes, and the matter falls back towards the disk. This material is the source of emission lines. Read More

We report a possible periodicity in the long-term monitoring of Ark 120, a nearby radio-quiet active galactic nucleus (AGN) at a distance of 143 Mpc (z=0.03271). We compile the historic archival photometric and spectroscopic data of Ark 120 since 1974 and make a new two-year monitoring campaign in 2015-2017, leading to a total temporal baseline over four decades. Read More

In this paper we study a special case of the completion of cusp K\"{a}hler-Einstein metric on the regular part of varieties by taking the continuity method proposed by La Nave and Tian. The differential geometric and algebro-geometric properties of the noncollapsing limit in the continuity method with cusp singularities will be investigated. Read More

In most common settings of Markov Decision Process (MDP), an agent evaluate a policy based on expectation of (discounted) sum of rewards. However in many applications this criterion might not be suitable from two perspective: first, in risk aversion situation expectation of accumulated rewards is not robust enough, this is the case when distribution of accumulated reward is heavily skewed; another issue is that many applications naturally take several objective into consideration when evaluating a policy, for instance in autonomous driving an agent needs to balance speed and safety when choosing appropriate decision. In this paper, we consider evaluating a policy based on a sequence of quantiles it induces on a set of target states, our idea is to reformulate the original problem into a multi-objective MDP problem with lexicographic preference naturally defined. Read More

It is commonly believed that the fidelity of quantum teleportation in the gravitational field would be degraded due to the heat up by the Hawking radiation. In this paper, we point out that the Hawking effect could be eliminated by the combined action of pre- and post-weak measurements, and thus the teleportation fidelity is almost completely protected. It is intriguing to notice that the enhancement of fidelity could not be attributed to the improvement of entanglement, but rather to the probabilistic nature of weak measurements. Read More

The emergence of two-dimensional (2D) materials has attracted a great deal of attention due to their fascinating physical properties and potential applications for future nanoelectronic devices. Since the first isolation of graphene, a Dirac material, a large family of new functional 2D materials have been discovered and characterized, including insulating 2D boron nitride, semiconducting 2D transition metal dichalcogenides and black phosphorus, and superconducting 2D bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide, molybdenum disulphide and niobium selenide, etc. Here, we report the identification of ferromagnetic thin flakes of Cr2Ge2Te6 (CGT) with thickness down to a few nanometers, which provides a very important piece to the van der Waals structures consisting of various 2D materials. Read More

The $k$-$\omega$ model for turbulence was first proposed by Kolmogorov (1942). A new $k$-$\omega$ model for stellar convection was developed by Li (2012), which could reasonably describe turbulent convection not only in the convectively unstable zone but also in the overshooting regions. We have revised the $k$-$\omega$ model by improving several model assumptions (including the macro-length of turbulence, convective heat flux, and turbulent mixing diffusivity, etc. Read More

The "complexity = action" duality states that the quantum complexity is equal to the action of the stationary AdS black holes within the Wheeler-DeWitt patch at late time approximation. We compute the action growth rates of the neutral and charged black holes in massive gravity and the neutral, charged and Kerr-Newman black holes in $f(R)$ gravity to test this conjecture. Besides, we investigate the effects of the massive graviton terms, higher derivative terms and the topology of the black hole horizon on the complexity growth rate. Read More

In this paper, we mainly consider the initial boundary problem for a quasilinear parabolic equation \[ u_t-\mathrm{div}\left(|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u\right)=-|u|^{\beta-1}u+\alpha|u|^{q-2}u, \] where $p>1,\beta>0$, $q\geq1$ and $\alpha>0$. By using Gagliardo-Nirenberg type inequality, energy method and comparison principle, the phenomena of blowup and extinction are classified completely in the different ranges of reaction exponents. Read More

Synchronization in a frequency-weighted Kuramoto model with a uniform frequency distribution is studied. We plot the bifurcation diagram and identify the asymptotic coherent states. Numerical simulations show that the system undergoes two first-order transitions in both the forward and backward directions. Read More

According to the rotational splitting law of g modes, the frequency spectra of EE Cam can be disentangled only with oscillation modes of $\ell$ = 0, 1, and 2. Fifteen sets of rotational splits are found, containing five sets of $\ell=1$ multiplets and ten sets of $\ell=2$ multiplets. The rotational period of EE Cam is deduced to be $P_{\rm rot}$ = $1. Read More

SAGA is a fast incremental gradient method on the finite sum problem and its effectiveness has been tested on a vast of applications. In this paper, we analyze SAGA on a class of non-strongly convex and non-convex statistical problem such as Lasso, group Lasso, Logistic regression with $\ell_1$ regularization, linear regression with SCAD regularization and Correct Lasso. We prove that SAGA enjoys the linear convergence rate up to the statistical estimation accuracy, under the assumption of restricted strong convexity (RSC). Read More

The mechanisms of phase change of argon during picosecond laser internal ablation are studied using molecular dynamics simulations. It is found that propagation of stress wave and fluctuation of temperature are periodical. The phase change process from solid to liquid to supercritical fluid then back to solid occurs as combined results of heating and the propagation of tensile stress wave induced by the laser pulse and the limited internal space. Read More

The initial entanglement shared between inertial and accelerated observers degrades due to the influence of the Unruh effect. Here, we show that the Unruh effect can be completely eliminated by the technique of partial measurement. The lost entanglement could be entirely retrieved or even amplified, which is dependent on whether the optimal strength of reversed measurement is \emph{state-independent} or \emph{state-dependent}. Read More

Coherent Raman microscopy provide label-free imaging by interrogating the intrinsic vibration of biomolecules. Nevertheless, trade-off between high chemical-specificity and high imaging-speed currently exists in transition from spectroscopy to spectroscopic imaging when capturing dynamics in complex living systems. Here, we present a novel concept in dual-comb scheme to substantially beat this trade-off and facilitate high-resolution broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopic imaging based on down-converted, automatically varying delay-time in spectral focusing excitation. Read More

In order to localize fermions on branes with codimension one, one usually introduces the Yukawa coupling between fermions and background scalar fields or the recently proposed derivative fermion-scalar coupling in [Phys. Rev. D 89 (2014) 086001]. Read More

In this paper, we study Mabuchi's K-energy on a compactification M of a reductive Lie group G, which is a complexification of its maximal compact subgroup K. We give a criterion for the properness of K-energy on the space of K \times K-invariant Kahler potentials. In particular, it turns to give an alternative proof of Delcroix's theorem for the existence of Kahler-Einstein metrics in case of Fano manifolds M . Read More

Copula modeling has gained much attention in many fields recently with the advantage of separating dependence structure from marginal distributions. In real data, however, serious ties are often present in one or multiple margins, which cause problems to many rank-based statistical methods developed under the assumption of continuous data with no ties. Simple methods such as breaking the ties at random or using average rank introduce independence into the data and, hence, lead to biased estimation. Read More

Based on regularities in rotational splittings, we seek possible multiplets for the observed frequencies of CoRoT 102749568. Twenty-one sets of multiplets are identified, including four sets of multiplets with $l=1$, nine sets of multiplets with $l=2$, and eight sets of multiplets with $l=3$. In particular, there are three complete triplets ($f_{10}$, $f_{12}$, $f_{14}$), ($f_{31}$, $f_{34}$, $f_{35}$), and ($f_{41}$, $f_{43}$, $f_{44}$). Read More

SVRG and its variants are among the state of art optimization algorithms for large scale machine learning problems. It is well known that SVRG converges linearly when the objective function is strongly convex. However this setup can be restrictive, and does not include several important formulations such as Lasso, group Lasso, logistic regression, and some non-convex models including corrected Lasso and SCAD. Read More

It has been recently proposed that the reduced density matrix may be used to derive the order parameter of a condensed matter system. Here we propose order parameters for the phases of a topological insulator, specifically a spinless Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model, and consider the effect of short-range interactions. All the derived order parameters and their possible corresponding quantum phases are verified by the entanglement entropy and electronic configuration analysis results. Read More

In this work, we introduce a facile procedure to graft a thin graphitic C3N4 (g-C3N4) layer on aligned TiO2 nanotube arrays (TiNT) by one-step chemical vapor deposition (CVD) approach. This provides a platform to enhance the visible-light response of TiO2 nanotubes for antimicrobial applications. The formed g- C3N4/TiNT binary nanocomposite exhibits excellent bactericidal efficiency against E. Read More

We develop a potentially practical proposal for robust quantum state transfer (QST) between two superconducting qubits coupled by a coplanar waveguide (CPW) resonator. We show that the partial measurement could drastically enhance the fidelity even when the dissipation of qubits and CPW is considered. Unlike many other schemes for QST, our proposal does not require the couplings between the qubits and the CPW resonator to be strong. Read More

Color centers in silicon carbide have increasingly attracted attention in recent years owing to their excellent properties such as single photon emission, good photostability, and long spin coherence time even at room temperature. As compared to diamond which is widely used for holding Nitrogen-vacancy centers, SiC has the advantage in terms of large-scale, high-quality and low cost growth, as well as advanced fabrication technique in optoelectronics, leading to the prospects for large scale quantum engineering. In this paper, we report experimental demonstration of the generation of nanoscale $V_{Si}$ single defect array through ion implantation without the need of annealing. Read More

A scale-invariant chiral effective Lagrangian is constructed for octet pions and a dilaton figuring as Nambu-Goldstone bosons with vector mesons incorporated as hidden gauge fields. The Lagrangian is built to the next-to-leading order in chiral-scale counting without baryon fields and then to leading order including baryons. The resulting theory is hidden scale-symmetric and local symmetric. Read More

We deal with the higher-order fractional Laplacians by two methods: the integral method and the system method. The former depends on the integral equation equivalent to the differential equation. The latter works directly on the differential equations. Read More

We consider waves radiated by a disturbance of oscillating strength moving at constant velocity along the free surface of a shear flow which, when undisturbed, has uniform horizontal vorticity of magnitude $S$. When no current is present the problem is a classical one and much studied, and in deep water a resonance is known to occur when $\tau=|\boldsymbol{V}|\omega_0/g$ equals the critical value $1/4$ ($\boldsymbol{V}$: velocity of disturbance, $\omega_0$: oscillation frequency, $g$: gravitational acceleration). We show that the presence of the sub-surface shear current can change this picture radically. Read More

Recent works using artificial neural networks based on word distributed representation greatly boost the performance of various natural language learning tasks, especially question answering. Though, they also carry along with some attendant problems, such as corpus selection for embedding learning, dictionary transformation for different learning tasks, etc. In this paper, we propose to straightforwardly model sentences by means of character sequences, and then utilize convolutional neural networks to integrate character embedding learning together with point-wise answer selection training. Read More

Affiliations: 1Institute of High Energy Physics, China, 2Institute of High Energy Physics, China, 3Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, China, 4Yunnan Observatories, China, 5Institute of High Energy Physics, China, 6Institute of High Energy Physics, China, 7Beijing Normal University, China

We propose a method for the flux calibration of reverberation mapping spectra based on accurate measurement of [O III] $\lambda 5007$ emission by spectral fitting. The method can achieve better accuracy than the traditional method of van Groningen & Wanders (1992), allowing reverberation mapping measurements for object with variability amplitudes as low as $\sim$ 5%. As a demonstration, we reanalyze the data of the Seyfert 1 galaxy MCG--6-30-15 taken from the 2008 campaign of the Lick AGN Monitoring Project, which previously failed to obtain a time lag for this weakly variable object owing to a relatively large flux calibration uncertainty. Read More

Broad emission lines of active galactic nuclei stem from a spatially extended region (broad-line region, BLR) that is composed of discrete clouds and photoionized by the central ionizing continuum. The temporal behaviors of these emission lines are blurred echoes of the continuum variations (i.e. Read More

General formulas for calculating the several leading long-range interactions among three identical atoms where two atoms are in identical $S$ states and the other atom is in a $P$ state are obtained using perturbation theory for the energies up to second order. The first order (dipolar) interactions depend on the geometrical configurations of the three atoms. In second order, additive and nonadditive dispersion interactions are obtained. Read More

NGC 5548 is the best-observed reverberation-mapped active galactic nucleus with long-term, intensive monitoring. Here we report results from a new observational campaign between January and July, 2015. We measure the centroid time lag of the broad H$\beta$ emission line with respect to the 5100 \AA continuum and obtain $\tau_{\rm cent} = 7. Read More

We show that the robust spin squeezing preservation can be achieved by utilizing detuning modification for an ensemble of N separate two-level atoms embedded in photonic crystal cavities (PCC). In particular, we explore the different dynamical behaviors of spin squeezing between isotropic and anisotropic PCC cases when the atomic frequency is inside the band gap. In both cases, it is shown that the robust preservation of spin squeezing is completely determined by the formation of bound states. Read More

This paper is devoted to study the nonexistence results of positive solutions for the following fractional H$\acute{e}$non system \begin{eqnarray*}\left\{ \begin{array}{lll} &(-\triangle)^{\alpha/2}u=|x|^av^p,~~~&x\in R^n, &(-\triangle)^{\alpha/2}v=|x|^bu^q,~~~ &x\in R^n, &u\geq0, v\geq 0, \end{array} \right. \end{eqnarray*} where $0<\alpha<2$, $0Read More

Entanglement is a vital resource for realizing many tasks such as teleportation, secure key distribution, metrology and quantum computations. To effectively build entanglement between different quantum systems and share information between them, a frequency transducer to convert between quantum states of different wavelengths while retaining its quantum features is indispensable. Information encoded in the photons orbital angular momentum OAM degrees of freedom is preferred in harnessing the information carrying capacity of a single photon because of its unlimited dimensions. Read More

In this paper, we study the Pohozaev identity associated with a H$\acute{e}$non-Lane-Emden system involving the fractional Laplacian: \begin{equation} \left\{\begin{array}{ll} (-\triangle)^su=|x|^av^p,&x\in\Omega, (-\triangle)^sv=|x|^bu^q,&x\in\Omega, u=v=0,&x\in R^n\backslash\Omega, \end{array} \right. \end{equation} in a star-shaped and bounded domain $\Omega$ for $s\in(0,1)$. As an application of our identity, we deduce the nonexistence of positive solutions in the critical and supercritical cases. Read More

We present a comprehensive theory for linear gravity-driven ship waves in the presence of a shear current with uniform vorticity, including the effects of finite water depth. The wave resistance in the presence of shear current is calculated for the first time, containing in general a non-zero lateral component. While formally apparently a straightforward extension of existing deep water theory, the introduction of finite water depth is physically non-trivial, since the surface waves are now affected by a subtle interplay of the effects of the current and the sea bed. Read More

Affiliations: 1SEAMBH collaboration, 2SEAMBH collaboration, 3SEAMBH collaboration, 4SEAMBH collaboration, 5SEAMBH collaboration, 6SEAMBH collaboration, 7SEAMBH collaboration, 8SEAMBH collaboration, 9SEAMBH collaboration, 10SEAMBH collaboration, 11SEAMBH collaboration, 12SEAMBH collaboration, 13SEAMBH collaboration, 14SEAMBH collaboration, 15SEAMBH collaboration

This paper reports results of the third-year campaign of monitoring super-Eddington accreting massive black holes (SEAMBHs) in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) between 2014-2015. Ten new targets were selected from quasar sample of Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), which are generally more luminous than the SEAMBH candidates in last two years. H$\beta$ lags ($\tau_{_{\rm H\beta}}$) in five of the 10 quasars have been successfully measured in this monitoring season. Read More

Recent works using artificial neural networks based on distributed word representation greatly boost performance on various natural language processing tasks, especially the answer selection problem. Nevertheless, most of the previous works used deep learning methods (like LSTM-RNN, CNN, etc.) only to capture semantic representation of each sentence separately, without considering the interdependence between each other. Read More

We propose an all-fiber-generated dual-soliton pulses based scheme for the background-free detection of coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy under the spectral focusing mechanism. Due to the strong birefringence and high nonlinearity of a polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber (PM-PCF), two redshifted soliton pulses can be simultaneously generated relying on high-order dispersion and nonlinear effects along two eigenpolarization axes in the anomalous dispersion regime, while allowing feasible tunability of the frequency distance and temporal interval between them. This proposed scheme, termed as DS-CARS, exploits a unique combination of slight frequency-shift and advisable temporal walk-off of this two soliton pulses to achieve robust and efficient suppression of nonresonant background with compact all-fiber coherent excitation source. Read More

We consider the following equations: \begin{equation*} \left\{\begin{array}{ll} (-\triangle)^{\alpha/2}u(x)=f(v(x)), \\ (-\triangle)^{\beta/2}v(x)=g(u(x)), &x \in R^{n},\\ u,v\geq 0, &x \in R^{n}, \end{array} \right. \end{equation*} for continuous $f, g$ and $\alpha, \beta \in (0,2)$. Under some natural assumptions on $f$ and $g$, by applying the \emph{method of moving planes} directly to the system, we obtain symmetry on non-negative solutions without any decay assumption on the solutions at infinity. Read More

Graham et al. found a sample of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and quasars from the Catalina Real-time Transient Survey (CRTS) that have long-term periodic variations in optical continuum, the nature of the periodicity remains uncertain. We investigate the periodic variability characteristics of the sample by testing the relations of the observed variability periods with AGN optical luminosity, black hole mass and accretion rates, and find no significant correlations. Read More

A connected symmetric graph of prime valency is {\em basic} if its automorphism group contains no nontrivial normal subgroup having more than two orbits. Let $p$ be a prime and $n$ a positive integer. In this paper, we investigate properties of connected pentavalent symmetric graphs of order $2p^n$, and it is shown that a connected pentavalent symmetric graph of order $2p^n$ is basic if and only if it is either a graph of order $6$, $16$, $250$, or a graph of three infinite families of Cayley graphs on generalized dihedral groups -- one family has order $2p$ with $p=5$ or $5 \mid (p-1)$, one family has order $2p^2$ with $5 \mid (p\pm 1)$, and the other family has order $2p^4$. Read More

We study the stability of Li-O compounds as a function of pressure, with Li ion battery applications and fundamental chemical interest in mind. Using the ab initio evolutionary algorithm, we predict stability of novel compounds LiO4, Li5O3 and Li6O under pressure. LiO4, formed at the pressure of just 6 GPa, can be seen as {\epsilon}-O8 accepting two electrons from two Li atoms. Read More

In this paper we present a research on identification of audio recording devices from background noise, thus providing a method for forensics. The audio signal is the sum of speech signal and noise signal. Usually, people pay more attention to speech signal, because it carries the information to deliver. Read More

As a natural consequence of cosmological hierarchical structure formation, sub-parsec supermassive black hole binaries (SMBHBs) should be common in galaxies but thus far have eluded spectroscopic identification. Based on four decades of optical spectroscopic monitoring, we report that the nucleus of NGC 5548, a nearby Seyfert galaxy long suspected to have experienced a major merger about one billion years ago, exhibits long-term variability with a period of 14 years in the optical continuum and broad Hbeta emission line. Remarkably, the double-peaked profile of Hbeta shows systematic velocity changes with a similar period. Read More

Based on the quantum technique of weak measurement, we propose a scheme to protect the entanglement from correlated amplitude damping decoherence. In contrast to the results of memoryless amplitude damping channel, we show that the memory effects play a significant role in the suppression of entanglement sudden death and protection of entanglement under severe decoherence. Moreover, we find that the initial entanglement could be drastically amplified by the combination of weak measurement and quantum measurement reversal even under the correlated amplitude damping channel. Read More

Affiliations: 1SEAMBH Collaboration, 2SEAMBH Collaboration, 3SEAMBH Collaboration, 4SEAMBH Collaboration, 5SEAMBH Collaboration, 6SEAMBH Collaboration, 7SEAMBH Collaboration, 8SEAMBH Collaboration, 9SEAMBH Collaboration, 10SEAMBH Collaboration, 11SEAMBH Collaboration, 12SEAMBH Collaboration

In the sixth of the series of papers reporting on a large reverberation mapping (RM) campaign of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with high accretion rates, we present velocity-resolved time lags of H$\beta$ emission lines for nine objects observed in the campaign during 2012$-$2013. In order to correct the line-broadening caused by seeing and instruments before the analysis of velocity-resolved RM, we adopt Richardson-Lucy deconvolution to reconstruct their H$\beta$ profiles. The validity and effectiveness of the deconvolution are checked out by Monte Carlo simulation. Read More

Coupling an electromechanical resonator with carbon-nanotube quantum dots is a significant method to control both the electronic charge and the spin quantum states. By exploiting a novel micro-transfer technique, we fabricate two strongly-coupled and electrically-tunable mechanical resonators on a single carbon nanotube for the first time. The frequency of the two resonators can be individually tuned by the bottom gates, and strong coupling is observed between the electron charge and phonon modes of each resonator. Read More

Asteroseismology is a powerful tool for probing stellar interiors and determining stellar fundamental parameters. In previous works, $\chi^2$-minimization method is usually used to find the best matching model to characterize observations. In this letter, we adopt the $\chi^2$-minimization method but only using the observed high-precision oscillation to constrain theoretical models for solar-like oscillating star KIC 6225718, which is observed by \kepler\ satellite. Read More