Y. Ye - The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Y. Ye
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Y. Ye
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The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration
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Physics - Materials Science (10)
 
Nuclear Experiment (7)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (6)
 
Mathematics - Number Theory (4)
 
Computer Science - Learning (3)
 
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (3)
 
Quantum Physics (2)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
 
Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (2)
 
Nuclear Theory (2)
 
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (2)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (2)
 
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (2)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
Physics - Optics (2)
 
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (2)
 
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
 
Statistics - Theory (1)
 
Statistics - Computation (1)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (1)
 
Mathematics - Category Theory (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (1)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
 
Mathematics - Representation Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1)
 
Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (1)

Publications Authored By Y. Ye

We demonstrate non-volatile, n-type, back-gated, MoS$_{2}$ transistors, placed directly on an epitaxial grown, single crystalline, PbZr$_{0.2}$Ti$_{0.8}$O$_{3}$ (PZT) ferroelectric. Read More

X-ray emission spectroscopy is emerging as an important complement to x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, providing a characterization of the occupied electronic density of states local to the species of interest. Here, we present details of the design and performance of a compact x-ray emission spectrometer that uses a dispersive refocusing Rowland (DRR) circle geometry to achieve excellent performance for the 2 - 2.5 keV energy range. Read More

Learning sophisticated feature interactions behind user behaviors is critical in maximizing CTR for recommender systems. Despite great progress, existing methods seem to have a strong bias towards low- or high-order interactions, or require expertise feature engineering. In this paper, we show that it is possible to derive an end-to-end learning model that emphasizes both low- and high-order feature interactions. Read More

We construct a chain map from the normalized bar resolution to the tensor resolution for a given finite abelian group, then we provide a unified formulae for the normalized $4$-cocycles and a formulae for a part of the normalized $n$-cocycles on arbitrary finite abelian groups. As an application of these formulae, we give a formula for the Dijkgraaf-Witten invariant of the $n$-torus for all $n$ in the case that the finite group $G$ in the definition of that invariant is abelian and compute its exact number in the special case that $G$ is the product of at most $n$ cyclic groups. Finally we obtain the formula for the dimension of the irreducible projective representations of an abelian group $G$ as a by-product. Read More

In this paper we consider the minimization of a continuous function that is potentially not differentiable or not twice differentiable on the boundary of the feasible region. By exploiting an interior point technique, we present first- and second-order optimality conditions for this problem that reduces to classical ones when the derivative on the boundary is available. For this type of problems, existing necessary conditions often rely on the notion of subdifferential or become non-trivially weaker than the KKT condition in the (twice-)differentiable counterpart problems. Read More

A cluster-transfer experiment $^9$Be($^9$Be,$^{14}$C$^*\rightarrow\alpha$+$^{10}$Be)$\alpha$ was carried out using an incident beam energy of 45 MeV. This reaction channel has a large $Q$-value that favors populating the high-lying states in $^{14}$C and separating various reaction channels. A number of resonant states are reconstructed from the forward emitting $^{10}$Be + $\alpha$ fragments with respect to three sets of well discriminated final states in $^{10}$Be, most of which agree with the previous observations. Read More

Dynamical materials that capable of responding to optical stimuli have always been pursued for designing novel photonic devices and functionalities, of which the response speed and amplitude as well as integration adaptability and energy effectiveness are especially critical. Here we show ultrafast pulse generation by exploiting the ultrafast and sensitive nonlinear dynamical processes in tunably solution-processed colloidal epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) transparent conducting oxide (TCO) nanocrystals (NCs), of which the potential respond response speed is >2 THz and modulation depth is ~23% pumped at ~0.7 mJ/cm2, benefiting from the highly confined geometry in addition to the ENZ enhancement effect. Read More

Monochalcogenides of germanium (or tin) are considered as stable isoelectronic and isostructural analogue of black phosphorous. Their two-dimensional (2D) forms have been just predicted to shown strong thickness-dependent physical properties, and even indirect to direct band gap crossover at the monolayer limit. Here, we demonstrate the synthesis of atomically thin GeSe by direct sonication-assisted exfoliation of bulk microcrystalline powders in solvents. Read More

The group IV-VI compound SnSe, with an orthorhombic lattice structure, has recently attracted particular interest due to its unexpectedly low thermal conductivity and high power factor, showing great promise for thermoelectric applications. SnSe displays intriguing anisotropic properties due to the puckered low-symmetry in-plane lattice structure. Low-dimensional materials have potential advantages in improving the efficiency of thermoelectric conversion, due to the increased power factor and decreased thermal conductivity. Read More

We introduce the notions of a $\mathbf{D}$-standard abelian category and a $\mathbf{K}$-standard additive category. We prove that for a finite dimensional algebra $A$, its module category is $\mathbf{D}$-standard if and only if any derived autoequivalence on $A$ is standard, that is, given by a two-sided tilting complex. We prove that if the subcategory of projective $A$-modules is $\mathbf{K}$-standard, then the module category is $\mathbf{D}$-standard. Read More

We report an efficient method to observe single photon emissions in monolayer WSe2 by applying hydrostatic pressure. The photoluminescence peaks of typical two-dimensional (2D) excitons show a nearly identical pressure-induced blue-shift, whereas the energy of pressure-induced discrete emission lines (quantum emitters) demonstrates a pressure insensitive behavior. The decay time of these discrete line emissions is approximately 10 ns, which is at least one order longer than the lifetime of the broad localized (L) excitons. Read More

It is well known that learning customers' preference and making recommendations to them from today's information-exploded environment is critical and non-trivial in an on-line system. There are two different modes of recommendation systems, namely pull-mode and push-mode. The majority of the recommendation systems are pull-mode, which recommend items to users only when and after users enter Application Market. Read More

The goal of the present paper is to classify an interesting class of elementary quasi-Hopf algebras, or equivalently, finite-dimensional pointed Majid algebras. By a Tannaka-Krein type duality, this determines a big class of pointed finite tensor categories. Based on some interesting observations of normalized 3-cocycles on finite abelian groups, we elucidate an explicit connection between our objective pointed Majid algebras and finite-dimensional pointed Hopf algebras over finite abelian groups. Read More

We propose a new model based on the deconvolutional networks and SAX discretization to learn the representation for multivariate time series. Deconvolutional networks fully exploit the advantage the powerful expressiveness of deep neural networks in the manner of unsupervised learning. We design a network structure specifically to capture the cross-channel correlation with deconvolution, forcing the pooling operation to perform the dimension reduction along each position in the individual channel. Read More

Body-worn video (BWV) cameras are increasingly utilized by police departments to provide a record of police-public interactions. However, large-scale BWV deployment produces terabytes of data per week, necessitating the development of effective computational methods to identify salient changes in video. In work carried out at the 2016 RIPS program at IPAM, UCLA, we present a novel two-stage framework for video change-point detection. Read More

In this article, we develop and analyze a homotopy continuation method for a generic online quadratic programming problem, which has several important applications such as Markowitz portfolio selection and Online Newton Step. We refer to our method as Homotopic Online Projection (HOP) algorithm. HOP always produces exact solutions and is computationally efficient especially when the solutions are sparse or the solutions change slowly over the time. Read More

2016Oct

The unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) differential cross sections in $^3$He($e,e^{\prime}\pi^{\pm}$)$X$ have been measured for the first time in Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 performed with a $5.9\,$GeV $e^-$ beam on a $^3$He target. The experiment focuses on the valence quark region, covering a kinematic range $0. Read More

The key to optical analogy to a multi-particle quantum system is the scalable property. Optical elds modulated with pseudorandom phase sequences is an interesting solution. By utilizing the properties of pseudorandom sequences, mixing multiple optical elds are distinguished by using coherent detection and correlation analysis that are mature methods in optical communication. Read More

We give a purely combinatorial characterization of upward planar graphs in terms of upward planar orders, which also applies to characterize the planarity for non-directed graphs. Read More

In this paper, we introduce an optical analogy to quantum Fourier tanformation based on a pseudorandom phase ensemble. The optical analogy also brings about exponential speedup over classical Fourier tanformation. Using the analogy, we demonstrate three classcial fields to realize Fourier transform similar to three quantum particles. Read More

We re-formulate Bezrukavnikov-Kaledin's definition of a restricted Poisson algebra, provide some natural and interesting examples, and discuss connections with other research topics. Read More

A cluster-transfer experiment of $^9\rm{Be}(^9\rm{Be},^{14}\rm{C}\rightarrow\alpha+^{10}\rm{Be})\alpha$ at an incident energy of 45 MeV was carried out in order to investigate the molecular structure in high-lying resonant states in $^{14}$C. This reaction is of extremely large $Q$-value, making it an excellent case to select the reaction mechanism and the final states in outgoing nuclei. The high-lying resonances in $^{14}$C are reconstructed for three sets of well discriminated final states in $^{10}$Be. Read More

This paper concerns the worst-case complexity of Gauss-Seidel method for solving a positive semi-definite linear system; or equivalently, that of cyclic coordinate descent (C-CD) for minimizing a convex quadratic function. The known provable complexity of C-CD can be $O(n)$ times slower than gradient descent (GD) and $O(n^2)$ times slower than randomized coordinate descent (R-CD). However, these gaps seem rather puzzling since so far they have not been observed in practice; in fact, C-CD usually converges much faster than GD and sometimes comparable to R-CD. Read More

The notion of a planar $st$ graph (also known as e-bipolar planar graph) is essentially equivalent to that of a progressive plane graph, which was introduced by Joyal and Street in the theory of graphical calculus for tensor categories. Fraysseix and Mendez have shown a bijection between equivalence classes of planar $st$ embedings of a directed graph $G$ and the conjugate orders of the edge poset of $G$. In this paper, we reformulate Fraysseix-Mendez's result in term of progressive graphs and planar orders and give a totally combinatorial proof in the perspective of graphical calculus. Read More

Within the framework of a multiphase transport model (AMPT), the $\phi$-meson production is studied in d+Au collisions at \srt = {200} GeV in the forward (d-going, $1.2Read More

In this letter, a new generalized matrix spectral problem of Dirac type associated with the super Lie algebra $\mathcal{B}(0,1)$ is proposed and its corresponding super integrable hierarchy is constructed. Read More

We report on the results of the E06-014 experiment performed at Jefferson Lab in Hall A, where a precision measurement of the twist-3 matrix element $d_2$ of the neutron ($d_{2}^{n}$) was conducted. This quantity represents the average color Lorentz force a struck quark experiences in a deep inelastic electron scattering event off a neutron due to its interaction with the hadronizing remnants. This color force was determined from a linear combination of the third moments of the spin structure functions $g_1$ and $g_2$ on $^{3}$He after nuclear corrections had been applied to these moments. Read More

An $n$th-order first derivative test for oscillatoric integrals is established. When the phase has a single stationary point, an $n$th-order asymptotic expansion of a weighted stationary phase integral is proved for arbitrary $n\geq1$. This asymptotic expansion sharpened the classical result for $n=1$ by Huxley. Read More

A model for 3:2 high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HFQPOs) with 3:2 pairs observed in four black hole X-ray binaries (BHXBs) is proposed by invoking the epicyclic resonances with the magnetic connection (MC) between a spinning black hole (BH) with a relativistic accretion disc. It turns out that the MC can be worked out due to Poynting-Robertson cosmic battery (PRCB), and the 3:2 HFQPO pairs associated with the steep power-law states can be fitted in this model. Furthermore, the severe damping problem in the epicyclic resonance model can be overcome by transferring energy from the BH to the inner disc via the MC process for emitting X-rays with sufficient amplitude and coherence to produce the HFQPOs. Read More

Next-generation electronics calls for new materials beyond silicon for increased functionality, performance, and scaling in integrated circuits. Carbon nanotubes and semiconductor nanowires are at the forefront of these materials, but have challenges due to the complex fabrication techniques required for large-scale applications. Two-dimensional (2D) gapless graphene and semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have emerged as promising electronic materials due to their atomic thickness, chemical stability and scalability. Read More

Global-in-time weak solutions to the Compressible Navier-Stokes-Poisson equations in a three-dimensional torus for large data are considered in this paper. The system takes into account density-dependent viscosity and non-monotone presseur. We prove the existence of global weak solutions to NSP equations with damping term by using the Faedo-Galerkin method and the compactness arguments on the condition that the adiabatic constant satisfies $\gamma>\frac{4}{3}$. Read More

Let $\pi$ be a unitary automorphic cuspidal representation of $GL_2(\mathbb{Q}_\mathbb{A})$ with Fourier coefficients $\lambda_\pi(n)$. Asymptotic expansions of certain sums of $\lambda_\pi(n)$ are proved using known functorial liftings from $GL_2$, including symmetric powers, isobaric sums, exterior square from $GL_4$ and base change. These asymptotic expansions are manifestation of the underlying functoriality and reflect value distribution of $\lambda_\pi(n)$ on integers, squares, cubes and fourth powers. Read More

Let $f$ be a fixed self-contragradient Hecke-Maass form for $SL(3,\mathbb Z)$, and $u$ an even Hecke-Maass form for $SL(2,\mathbb Z)$ with Laplace eigenvalue $1/4+k^2$, $k>0$. A subconvexity bound $O\big(k^{4/3+\varepsilon}\big)$ in the eigenvalue aspect is proved for the central value at $s=1/2$ of the Rankin-Selberg $L$-function $L(s,f\times u)$. Meanwhile, a subconvexity bound $O\big((1+|t|)^{2/3+\varepsilon}\big)$ in the $t$ aspect is proved for $L(1/2+it,f)$. Read More

Pari-mutuel markets are trading platforms through which the common market maker simultaneously clears multiple contingent claims markets. This market has several distinctive properties that began attracting the attention of the financial industry in the 2000s. For example, the platform aggregates liquidity from the individual contingent claims market into the common pool while shielding the market maker from potential financial loss. Read More

The state complexity of a regular language is the number of states in a minimal deterministic finite automaton accepting the language. The syntactic complexity of a regular language is the cardinality of its syntactic semigroup. The syntactic complexity of a subclass of regular languages is the worst-case syntactic complexity taken as a function of the state complexity $n$ of languages in that class. Read More

Beam-line equipment was upgraded for experiment E08-027 (g2p) in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. Two beam position monitors (BPMs) were necessary to measure the beam position and angle at the target. A new BPM receiver was designed and built to handle the low beam currents (50-100 nA) used for this experiment. Read More

A magnetic model for low/hard state (LHS) of black hole X-ray binaries (BHXBs),H1743-322 and GX 339-4, is proposed based on the transportation of magnetic field from a companion into an accretion disk around a black hole (BH). This model consists of a truncated thin disk with an inner advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF). The spectral profiles of the sources are fitted in agreement with the data observed at four different dates corresponding to the rising phase of the LHS. Read More

This is a contribution to the structure theory of finite pointed quasi-quantum groups. We classify all finite-dimensional connected graded pointed Majid algebras of rank two which are not twist equivalent to ordinary pointed Hopf algebras. Read More

In this paper, we establish the convergence of the proximal alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) and block coordinate descent (BCD) for nonseparable minimization models with quadratic coupling terms. The novel convergence results presented in this paper answer several open questions that have been the subject of considerable discussion. We firstly extend the 2-block proximal ADMM to linearly constrained convex optimization with a coupled quadratic objective function, an area where theoretical understanding is currently lacking, and prove that the sequence generated by the proximal ADMM converges in point-wise manner to a primal-dual solution pair. Read More

Symbolic Aggregation approXimation (SAX) has been the de facto standard representation methods for knowledge discovery in time series on a number of tasks and applications. So far, very little work has been done in empirically investigating the intrinsic properties and statistical mechanics in SAX words. In this paper, we applied several statistical measurements and proposed a new statistical measurement, i. Read More

The quest for high-efficiency heat-to-electricity conversion has been one of the major driving forces towards renewable energy production for the future. Efficient thermoelectric devices require high voltage generation from a temperature gradient and a large electrical conductivity, while maintaining a low thermal conductivity. For a given thermal conductivity and temperature, the thermoelectric powerfactor is determined by the electronic structure of the material. Read More

Metagenomics research has accelerated the studies of microbial organisms, providing insights into the composition and potential functionality of various microbial communities. Metatranscriptomics (studies of the transcripts from a mixture of microbial species) and other meta-omics approaches hold even greater promise for providing additional insights into functional and regulatory characteristics of the microbial communities. Current metatranscriptomics projects are often carried out without matched metagenomic datasets (of the same microbial communities). Read More

The recent renaissance of black phosphorus (BP) as a two-dimensional 2D layered material has generated tremendous interest in its tunable electronic band gap and highly anisotropic transport properties that offer new opportunities for device applications. Many of these outstanding properties are attributed to its unique structural characters that still need elucidation. Here we show Raman measurements that reveal an ultralow-frequency collective compression mode (CCM), which is unprecedented among similar 2D layered materials. Read More

The alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is now widely used in many fields, and its convergence was proved when two blocks of variables are alternately updated. It is computationally beneficial to extend the ADMM directly to the case of a multi-block convex minimization problem. Unfortunately, such an extension fails to converge even when solving a simple square system of linear equations. Read More

Recently, two-dimensional (2D) materials have opened a new paradigm for fundamental physics explorations and device applications. Unlike gapless graphene, monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) has new optical functionalities for next generation ultra-compact electronic and opto-electronic devices. When TMDC crystals are thinned down to monolayers, they undergo an indirect to direct bandgap transition, making it an outstanding 2D semiconductor. Read More

We report the first measurement of the target single-spin asymmetry, $A_y$, in quasi-elastic scattering from the inclusive reaction $^3$He$^{\uparrow}(e,e^\prime)$ on a $^3$He gas target polarized normal to the lepton scattering plane. Assuming time-reversal invariance, this asymmetry is strictly zero for one-photon exchange. A non-zero $A_y$ can arise from the interference between the one- and two-photon exchange processes which is sensitive to the details of the sub-structure of the nucleon. Read More

2015Feb

We report the measurement of beam-target double-spin asymmetries ($A_\text{LT}$) in the inclusive production of identified hadrons, $\vec{e}~$+$~^3\text{He}^{\uparrow}\rightarrow h+X$, using a longitudinally polarized 5.9 GeV electron beam and a transversely polarized $^3\rm{He}$ target. Hadrons ($\pi^{\pm}$, $K^{\pm}$ and proton) were detected at 16$^{\circ}$ with an average momentum $<$$P_h$$>$=2. Read More

In this paper, motivated by the theory of operads and PROPs we reveal the combinatorial nature of tensor calculus for strict tensor categories and show that there exists a monad which is described by the coarse-graining of graphs and characterizes the algebraic nature of tensor calculus. Read More

We show that finding a global optimal solution for the regularized $L_q$-minimization problem ($q\geq 1$) is strongly NP-hard if the penalty function is concave but not linear in a neighborhood of zero and satisfies a very mild technical condition. This implies that it is impossible to have a fully polynomial-time approximation scheme (FPTAS) for such problems unless P = NP. This result clarifies the complexity for a large class of regularized optimization problems recently studied in the literature. Read More