Y. Q. Wang

Y. Q. Wang
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Physics - Materials Science (6)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (5)
 
Computer Science - Learning (5)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (4)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (3)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (3)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (3)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
 
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (2)
 
Statistics - Methodology (2)
 
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (2)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
 
Statistics - Theory (2)
 
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (2)
 
Statistics - Applications (2)
 
Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Quantum Physics (1)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
 
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
 
Mathematics - K-Theory and Homology (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
 
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (1)
 
Computer Science - Performance (1)

Publications Authored By Y. Q. Wang

Tungstates $A$WO$_4$ with the wolframite structure characterized by the $A$O$_6$ octahedral zigzag chains along the $c$-axis, can be magnetic if $A$=Mn, Fe, Co, Cu, Ni. Among them, MnWO$_4$ is a unique member with a cycloid Mn$^{2+}$ spin order developed at low temperature, leading to an interesting type-II multiferroic behavior. However, so far no other multiferroic material in the tungstate family has been found. Read More

In observational studies, weight adjustments are often performed by fitting a model for the propensity score and then inverting the predicted propensities, but recently several approaches have been proposed that instead focus on directly balancing the covariates. In this paper, we study the general class of approximate balancing weights (ABW) by drawing a connection to shrinkage estimation. This allows us to establish the large sample properties of ABW by leveraging asymptotic results from propensity score estimation. Read More

The magnetic properties of the pyrochlore iridate material Eu$_2$Ir$_2$O$_7$ (5$d^5$) have been studied based on the first principle calculations, where the crystal field splitting $\Delta$, spin-orbit coupling (SOC) $\lambda$ and Coulomb interaction $U$ within Ir 5$d$ orbitals are all playing significant roles. The ground state phase diagram has been obtained with respect to the strength of SOC and Coulomb interaction $U$, where a stable anti-ferromagnetic ground state with all-in/all-out (AIAO) spin structure has been found. Besides, another anti-ferromagnetic states with close energy to AIAO have also been found to be stable. Read More

Intermediate mass black holes (IMBHs) with a mass between $10^{2}$ and $10^{5}$ times that of the sun, which bridges the {mass gap between the} stellar-mass black holes and the supermassive black holes, are crucial in understanding the evolution of the black holes. Although they are widely believed to exist, decisive evidence has long been absent. Motivated by the successful detection of massive stellar-mass black holes by advanced LIGO, through the gravitational wave radiation during the binary merger, in this work we investigate the prospect of detecting/identifying the lightest IMBHs (LIMBHs; the black holes $\gtrsim 100M_\odot$) with the second generation gravitational wave detectors. Read More

Analog black/white hole pairs, consisting of a region of supersonic flow, have been achieved in a recent experiment by J. Steinhauer using an elongated Bose-Einstein condensate. A growing standing density wave, and a checkerboard feature in the density-density correlation function, were observed in the supersonic region. Read More

We report density functional theory plus dynamical mean field theory (DMFT) calculations of the band structures for the four late transition metal monoxides, MnO, FeO, CoO and NiO, in their paramagnetic phase. From band structure calculated using an all-electron, full-potential LAPW treatment, as implemented in the modified ELK code, we construct non-interacting Hamiltonians using Wannier orbtital techniques. We then calculate the Coulomb interaction U-matrices from first-principles in conjunction with the constrained random phase approximation (cRPA). Read More

Single-Radio-Frequency (RF) Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems such as the spatial modulation (SM) system and the space shift keying (SSK) system have been proposed to pursue a high spectral efficiency while keeping a low cost and complexity transceiver design. Currently, polarization domain resource has been introduced to the single-RF MIMO system to reduce the size of the transmit antenna array and provide 1 bit per channel use (bpcu) multiplexing gain. Nevertheless, the polarization domain resource still has the potential to provide a higher multiplexing gain in the polarized single-RF MIMO system. Read More

State-to-state chemistry investigates chemical reactions on the most fundamental level. A primary goal of state-to-state chemistry is to determine the quantum states of the final products given the quantum state of reactants. Using the high level control for preparing reactants in the ultracold domain, we demonstrate here a method for investigating state-to-state chemistry with unprecedented resolution. Read More

A key challenge for modern Bayesian statistics is how to perform scalable inference of posterior distributions. To address this challenge, VB methods have emerged as a popular alternative to the classical MCMC methods. VB methods tend to be faster while achieving comparable predictive performance. Read More

We establish spherical variants of the Gleason-Kahane-Zelazko and Kowalski-S{\l}odkowski theorems, and we apply them to prove that every weak-2-local isometry between two uniform algebras is a linear map. Among the consequences, we solve a couple of problems posed by O. Hatori, T. Read More

It has been shown that Chinese poems can be successfully generated by sequence-to-sequence neural models, particularly with the attention mechanism. A potential problem of this approach, however, is that neural models can only learn abstract rules, while poem generation is a highly creative process that involves not only rules but also innovations for which pure statistical models are not appropriate in principle. This work proposes a memory-augmented neural model for Chinese poem generation, where the neural model and the augmented memory work together to balance the requirements of linguistic accordance and aesthetic innovation, leading to innovative generations that are still rule-compliant. Read More

By using first-principles calculation, the interaction of O2 and H2O molecules with the pristine and the defective InSe monolayers is studied. It is predicted that the single Se and In vacancies exhibit significantly enhanced chemical activity toward the adsorbates compared with the perfect InSe lattice site, and the Se vacancies have a much higher chemical activity than the In vacancies. H2O molecule should be only physisorbed on the various InSe monolayers at ambient conditions, according to the calculated energies. Read More

In this paper, we use simplicial Waldhausen theory to show the geometric realization of the topologized category of bounded chain complexes over $\mathbb{F}=\mathbb{C}$ (resp. $\mathbb{R}$) is an infinite loop space that represents connective complex (resp. real) topological $K$-theory. Read More

This paper presents the development of an Adaptive Algebraic Multiscale Solver for Compressible flow (C-AMS) in heterogeneous porous media. Similar to the recently developed AMS for incompressible (linear) flows [Wang et al., JCP, 2014], C-AMS operates by defining primal and dual-coarse blocks on top of the fine-scale grid. Read More

In this paper, we propose a single-agent logic of goal-directed knowing how extending the standard epistemic logic of knowing that with a new knowing how operator. The semantics of the new operator is based on the idea that knowing how to achieve $\phi$ means that there exists a (uniform) strategy such that the agent knows that it can make sure $\phi$. We give an intuitive axiomatization of our logic and prove the soundness, completeness, and decidability of the logic. Read More

Knowledge Graphs are important tools to model multi-relational data that serves as information pool for various applications. Traditionally, these graphs are considered to be static in nature. However, recent availability of large scale event-based interaction data has given rise to dynamically evolving knowledge graphs that contain temporal information for each edge. Read More

Electrons in two-dimensional graphene sheets behave as interacting chiral Dirac fermions and have unique screening properties due to their symmetry and reduced dimensionality. By using a combination of scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STM/STS) measurements and theoretical modeling we have characterized how graphene's massless charge carriers screen individual charged calcium atoms. A back-gated graphene device configuration has allowed us to directly visualize how the screening length for this system can be tuned with carrier density. Read More

We consider the problem of scheduling a group of heterogeneous, distributed processes, with different relative priorities and service preferences, to a group of heterogeneous virtual machines. Assuming linearly elastic IT resource needs, we extend prior results on proportional fair and max-min fair scheduling to a constrained multiresource case for a fam- ily of fairness criteria (including our recently proposed Per- Server Dominant-Share Fairness). Performance comparison is made by illustrative numerical example. Read More

Capacitively coupled radio-frequency (CCRF) CF_4 plasmas have been found to exhibit a self-organized striated structure at operating conditions, where the plasma is strongly electronegative and the ion-ion plasma in the bulk region (largely composed of CF_3^+ and F^- ions) resonates with the excitation frequency. In this work we explore the effects of the gas pressure, the RF voltage, and the electrode gap on this striated structure by Phase Resolved Optical Emission Spectroscopy and Particle-In-Cell/Monte Carlo Collisions simulations. The measured electronic excitation patterns at different external parameters show a good general agreement with the spatio-temporal plots of the ionization rate obtained from the simulations. Read More

The optomechanics can generate fantastic effects of optics due to appropriate mechanical control. Here we theoretically study effects of slow and fast lights in a single-sided optomechanical cavity with an external force. The force-induced transparency of slow/fast light and the force-dependent conversion between the slow and fast lights are resulted from involvement of anti-Stokes and Stokes processes, which can be controlled by properly modifying the effective cavity frequency due to the external force. Read More

The phosphorous activation in Ge n$^{+}$/p junctions is compared in terms of junction depth, by using laser spike annealing at 860{\deg}C for 400$\mu$s. The reverse junction leakage is found to strongly depend on the abruptness of dopant profiles. A shallow and abrupt junction is shown to have lower phosphorous activation level, due to surface dose loss, and higher band-to-band tunneling (BTBT) leakage, when compared to the deep junction. Read More

2017May
Authors: BESIII Collaboration, M. Ablikim, M. N. Achasov, S. Ahmed, M. Albrecht, M. Alekseev, A. Amoroso, F. F. An, Q. An, J. Z. Bai, Y. Bai, O. Bakina, R. Baldini Ferroli, Y. Ban, D. W. Bennett, J. V. Bennett, N. Berger, M. Bertani, D. Bettoni, J. M. Bian, F. Bianchi, E. Boger, I. Boyko, R. A. Briere, H. Cai, X. Cai, O. Cakir, A. Calcaterra, G. F. Cao, S. A. Cetin, J. Chai, J. F. Chang, G. Chelkov, G. Chen, H. S. Chen, J. C. Chen, M. L. Chen, S. J. Chen, X. R. Chen, Y. B. Chen, X. K. Chu, G. Cibinetto, H. L. Dai, J. P. Dai, A. Dbeyssi, D. Dedovich, Z. Y. Deng, A. Denig, I. Denysenko, M. Destefanis, F. De Mori, Y. Ding, C. Dong, J. Dong, L. Y. Dong, M. Y. Dong, O. Dorjkhaidav, Z. L. Dou, S. X. Du, P. F. Duan, J. Fang, S. S. Fang, X. Fang, Y. Fang, R. Farinelli, L. Fava, S. Fegan, F. Feldbauer, G. Felici, C. Q. Feng, E. Fioravanti, M. Fritsch, C. D. Fu, Q. Gao, X. L. Gao, Y. Gao, Y. G. Gao, Z. Gao, B. Garillon, I. Garzia, K. Goetzen, L. Gong, W. X. Gong, W. Gradl, M. Greco, M. H. Gu, S. Gu, Y. T. Gu, A. Q. Guo, L. B. Guo, R. P. Guo, Y. P. Guo, Z. Haddadi, S. Han, X. Q. Hao, F. A. Harris, K. L. He, X. Q. He, F. H. Heinsius, T. Held, Y. K. Heng, T. Holtmann, Z. L. Hou, C. Hu, H. M. Hu, T. Hu, Y. Hu, G. S. Huang, J. S. Huang, S. H. Huang, X. T. Huang, X. Z. Huang, Z. L. Huang, T. Hussain, W. Ikegami Andersson, Q. Ji, Q. P. Ji, X. B. Ji, X. L. Ji, X. S. Jiang, X. Y. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, Z. Jiao, D. P. Jin, S. Jin, Y. Jin, T. Johansson, A. Julin, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, X. L. Kang, X. S. Kang, M. Kavatsyuk, B. C. Ke, T. Khan, A. Khoukaz, P. Kiese, R. Kliemt, L. Koch, O. B. Kolcu, B. Kopf, M. Kornicer, M. Kuemmel, M. Kuhlmann, A. Kupsc, W. Kühn, J. S. Lange, M. Lara, P. Larin, L. Lavezzi, H. Leithoff, C. Leng, C. Li, Cheng Li, D. M. Li, F. Li, F. Y. Li, G. Li, H. B. Li, H. J. Li, J. C. Li, Jin Li, K. Li, K. Li, K. J. Li, Lei Li, P. L. Li, P. R. Li, Q. Y. Li, T. Li, W. D. Li, W. G. Li, X. L. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, Y. F. Liang, Y. T. Liang, G. R. Liao, D. X. Lin, B. Liu, B. J. Liu, C. X. Liu, D. Liu, F. H. Liu, Fang Liu, Feng Liu, H. B. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. M. Liu, J. B. Liu, J. Y. Liu, K. Liu, K. Y. Liu, Ke Liu, L. D. Liu, P. L. Liu, Q. Liu, S. B. Liu, X. Liu, Y. B. Liu, Z. A. Liu, Zhiqing Liu, Y. F. Long, X. C. Lou, H. J. Lu, J. G. Lu, Y. Lu, Y. P. Lu, C. L. Luo, M. X. Luo, X. L. Luo, X. R. Lyu, F. C. Ma, H. L. Ma, L. L. Ma, M. M. Ma, Q. M. Ma, T. Ma, X. N. Ma, X. Y. Ma, Y. M. Ma, F. E. Maas, M. Maggiora, Q. A. Malik, Y. J. Mao, Z. P. Mao, S. Marcello, Z. X. Meng, J. G. Messchendorp, G. Mezzadri, J. Min, T. J. Min, R. E. Mitchell, X. H. Mo, Y. J. Mo, C. Morales Morales, G. Morello, N. Yu. Muchnoi, H. Muramatsu, A. Mustafa, Y. Nefedov, F. Nerling, I. B. Nikolaev, Z. Ning, S. Nisar, S. L. Niu, X. Y. Niu, S. L. Olsen, Q. Ouyang, S. Pacetti, Y. Pan, M. Papenbrock, P. Patteri, M. Pelizaeus, J. Pellegrino, H. P. Peng, K. Peters, J. Pettersson, J. L. Ping, R. G. Ping, A. Pitka, R. Poling, V. Prasad, H. R. Qi, M. Qi, T. . Y. Qi, S. Qian, C. F. Qiao, N. Qin, X. S. Qin, Z. H. Qin, J. F. Qiu, K. H. Rashid, C. F. Redmer, M. Richter, M. Ripka, M. Rolo, G. Rong, Ch. Rosner, A. Sarantsev, M. Savrié, C. Schnier, K. Schoenning, W. Shan, M. Shao, C. P. Shen, P. X. Shen, X. Y. Shen, H. Y. Sheng, M. R. Shepherd, J. J. Song, W. M. Song, X. Y. Song, S. Sosio, C. Sowa, S. Spataro, G. X. Sun, J. F. Sun, L. Sun, S. S. Sun, X. H. Sun, Y. J. Sun, Y. K Sun, Y. Z. Sun, Z. J. Sun, Z. T. Sun, C. J. Tang, G. Y. Tang, X. Tang, I. Tapan, M. Tiemens, B. T. Tsednee, I. Uman, G. S. Varner, B. Wang, B. L. Wang, D. Wang, D. Y. Wang, Dan Wang, K. Wang, L. L. Wang, L. S. Wang, M. Wang, P. Wang, P. L. Wang, W. P. Wang, X. F. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. D. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. G. Wang, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, T. Weber, D. H. Wei, J. H. Wei, P. Weidenkaff, S. P. Wen, U. Wiedner, M. Wolke, L. H. Wu, L. J. Wu, Z. Wu, L. Xia, Y. Xia, D. Xiao, H. Xiao, Y. J. Xiao, Z. J. Xiao, X. H. Xie, Y. G. Xie, Y. H. Xie, X. A. Xiong, Q. L. Xiu, G. F. Xu, J. J. Xu, L. Xu, Q. J. Xu, Q. N. Xu, X. P. Xu, L. Yan, W. B. Yan, W. C. Yan, Y. H. Yan, H. J. Yang, H. X. Yang, L. Yang, Y. H. Yang, Y. X. Yang, M. Ye, M. H. Ye, J. H. Yin, Z. Y. You, B. X. Yu, C. X. Yu, J. S. Yu, C. Z. Yuan, Y. Yuan, A. Yuncu, A. A. Zafar, Y. Zeng, Z. Zeng, B. X. Zhang, B. Y. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, D. H. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, H. Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, J. Y. Zhang, J. Z. Zhang, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, S. Q. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. T. Zhang, Yu Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, G. Zhao, J. W. Zhao, J. Y. Zhao, J. Z. Zhao, Lei Zhao, Ling Zhao, M. G. Zhao, Q. Zhao, S. J. Zhao, T. C. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, Z. G. Zhao, A. Zhemchugov, B. Zheng, J. P. Zheng, W. J. Zheng, Y. H. Zheng, B. Zhong, L. Zhou, X. Zhou, X. K. Zhou, X. R. Zhou, X. Y. Zhou, J. Zhu, K. Zhu, K. J. Zhu, S. Zhu, S. H. Zhu, X. L. Zhu, Y. C. Zhu, Y. S. Zhu, Z. A. Zhu, J. Zhuang, B. S. Zou, J. H. Zou

We present first evidence for the process $e^+e^-\to \gamma\eta_c(1S)$ at six center-of-mass energies between 4.01 and 4.60~GeV using data collected by the BESIII experiment operating at BEPCII. Read More

Recent diffraction experiments on metallic glasses have unveiled an unexpected non-cubic scaling law between density and average interatomic distance, which lead to the speculations on the presence of fractal glass order. Using X-ray tomography we identify here a similar non-cubic scaling law in disordered granular packing of spherical particles. We find that the scaling law is directly related to the contact neighbors within first nearest neighbor shell, and therefore is closely connected to the phenomenon of jamming. Read More

It is shown that the concept of topological phase transitions can be used to design nonlinear photonic structures exhibiting power thresholds and discontinuities in their transmittance. This provides a novel route to devising nonlinear optical isolators. We study three representative designs: (i) a waveguide array implementing a nonlinear 1D Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model, (ii) a waveguide array implementing a nonlinear 2D Haldane model, and (iii) a 2D lattice of coupled-ring waveguides. Read More

Previous studies by our group have shown that three-dimensional high-frequency quantitative ultrasound methods have the potential to differentiate metastatic lymph nodes from cancer-free lymph nodes dissected from human cancer patients. To successfully perform these methods inside the lymph node parenchyma, an automatic segmentation method is highly desired to exclude the surrounding thin layer of fat from quantitative ultrasound processing and accurately correct for ultrasound attenuation. In high-frequency ultrasound images of lymph nodes, the intensity distribution of lymph node parenchyma and fat varies spatially because of acoustic attenuation and focusing effects. Read More

In this paper, we extend an attention-based neural machine translation (NMT) model by allowing it to access an entire training set of parallel sentence pairs even after training. The proposed approach consists of two stages. In the first stage--retrieval stage--, an off-the-shelf, black-box search engine is used to retrieve a small subset of sentence pairs from a training set given a source sentence. Read More

Elucidating the interaction between magnetic moments and itinerant carriers is an important step to spintronic applications. Here, we investigate magnetic and transport properties in d0 ferromagnetic SiC single crystals prepared by postimplantation pulsed laser annealing. Magnetic moments are contributed by the p states of carbon atoms, but their magnetic circular dichroism is different from that in semi-insulating SiC samples. Read More

In this paper, a sixth order energy-conserved method is proposed for solving the three-dimensional time-domain Maxwell's equations. Based on the method of lines, the spatial derivatives of the Maxwell's equations are approximated with the aid of Fourier pseudo-spectral methods. The resulting ordinary differential equations can be cast as a canonical Hamiltonian system. Read More

High network communication cost for synchronizing gradients and parameters is the well-known bottleneck of distributed training. In this work, we propose TernGrad that uses ternary gradients to accelerate distributed deep learning in data parallelism. Our approach requires only three numerical levels {-1,0,1} which can aggressively reduce the communication time. Read More

Acoustic ranging based indoor positioning solutions have the advantage of higher ranging accuracy and better compatibility with commercial-off-the-self consumer devices. However, similar to other time-domain based approaches using Time-of-Arrival and Time-Difference-of-Arrival, they suffer from performance degradation in presence of multi-path propagation and low received signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in indoor environments. In this paper, we improve upon our previous work on asynchronous acoustic indoor positioning and develop ARABIS, a robust and low-cost acoustic positioning system (IPS) for mobile devices. Read More

A number of real world problems in many domains (e.g. sociology, biology, political science and communication networks) can be modeled as dynamic networks with nodes representing entities of interest and edges representing interactions among the entities at different points in time. Read More

2017May
Authors: C. E. Aalseth, F. Acerbi, P. Agnes, I. F. M. Albuquerque, T. Alexander, A. Alici, A. K. Alton, P. Ampudia, P. Antonioli, S. Arcelli, R. Ardito, I. J. Arnquist, D. M. Asner, H. O. Back, G. Batignani, E. Bertoldo, S. Bettarini, M. G. Bisogni, V. Bocci, A. Bondar, G. Bonfini, W. Bonivento, M. Bossa, B. Bottino, R. Bunker, S. Bussino, A. Buzulutskov, M. Cadeddu, M. Cadoni, A. Caminata, N. Canci, A. Candela, C. Cantini, M. Caravati, M. Cariello, M. Carlini, M. Carpinelli, A. Castellani, S. Catalanotti, V. Cataudella, P. Cavalcante, R. Cereseto, Y. Chen, A. Chepurnov, A. Chiavassa, C. Cicalò, L. Cifarelli, M. Citterio, A. G. Cocco, M. Colocci, S. Corgiolu, G. Covone, P. Crivelli, I. D'Antone, M. D'Incecco, M. D. Da Rocha Rolo, M. Daniel, S. Davini, A. De Candia, S. De Cecco, M. De Deo, G. De Filippis, G. De Guido, G. De Rosa, G. Dellacasa, P. Demontis, A. V. Derbin, A. Devoto, F. Di Eusanio, G. Di Pietro, C. Dionisi, A. Dolgov, I. Dormia, S. Dussoni, A. Empl, A. Ferri, C. Filip, G. Fiorillo, K. Fomenko, D. Franco, G. E. Froudakis, F. Gabriele, A. Gabrieli, C. Galbiati, P. Garcia Abia, A. Gendotti, A. Ghisi, S. Giagu, G. Gibertoni, C. Giganti, M. Giorgi, G. K. Giovanetti, M. L. Gligan, A. Gola, O. Gorchakov, A. M. Goretti, F. Granato, M. Grassi, J. W. Grate, G. Y. Grigoriev, M. Gromov, M. Guan, M. B. B. Guerra, M. Guerzoni, M. Gulino, R. K. Haaland, B. Harrop, E. W. Hoppe, S. Horikawa, B. Hosseini, D. Hughes, P. Humble, E. V. Hungerford, An. Ianni, S. Jimenez Cabre, T. N. Johnson, K. Keeter, C. L. Kendziora, S. Kim, G. Koh, D. Korablev, G. Korga, A. Kubankin, R. Kugathasan, M. Kuss, X. Li, M. Lissia, G. U. Lodi, B. Loer, G. Longo, R. Lussana, L. Luzzi, Y. Ma, A. A. Machado, I. N. Machulin, L. Mais, A. Mandarano, L. Mapelli, M. Marcante, A. Margotti, S. M. Mari, M. Mariani, J. Maricic, M. Marinelli, D. Marras, C. J. Martoff, M. Mascia, A. Messina, P. D. Meyers, R. Milincic, A. Moggi, S. Moioli, S. Monasterio, J. Monroe, A. Monte, M. Morrocchi, W. Mu, V. N. Muratova, S. Murphy, P. Musico, R. Nania, J. Napolitano, A. Navrer Agasson, I. Nikulin, V. Nosov, A. O. Nozdrina, N. N. Nurakhov, A. Oleinik, V. Oleynikov, M. Orsini, F. Ortica, L. Pagani, M. Pallavicini, S. Palmas, L. Pandola, E. Pantic, E. Paoloni, G. Paternoster, V. Pavletcov, F. Pazzona, K. Pelczar, L. A. Pellegrini, N. Pelliccia, F. Perotti, R. Perruzza, C. Piemonte, F. Pilo, A. Pocar, D. Portaluppi, S. S. Poudel, D. A. Pugachev, H. Qian, B. Radics, F. Raffaelli, F. Ragusa, K. Randle, M. Razeti, A. Razeto, V. Regazzoni, C. Regenfus, B. Reinhold, A. L. Renshaw, M. Rescigno, Q. Riffard, A. Rivetti, A. Romani, L. Romero, B. Rossi, N. Rossi, A. Rubbia, D. Sablone, P. Salatino, O. Samoylov, W. Sands, M. Sant, R. Santorelli, C. Savarese, E. Scapparone, B. Schlitzer, G. Scioli, E. Sechi, E. Segreto, A. Seifert, D. A. Semenov, S. Serci, A. Shchagin, L. Shekhtman, E. Shemyakina, A. Sheshukov, M. Simeone, P. N. Singh, M. D. Skorokhvatov, O. Smirnov, G. Sobrero, A. Sokolov, A. Sotnikov, C. Stanford, G. B. Suffritti, Y. Suvorov, R. Tartaglia, G. Testera, A. Tonazzo, A. Tosi, P. Trinchese, E. V. Unzhakov, A. Vacca, M. Verducci, T. Viant, F. Villa, A. Vishneva, B. Vogelaar, M. Wada, J. Wahl, S. Walker, H. Wang, Y. Wang, A. W. Watson, S. Westerdale, J. Wilhelmi, R. Williams, M. M. Wojcik, S. Wu, X. Xiang, X. Xiao, C. Yang, Z. Ye, F. Zappa, G. Zappalà, C. Zhu, A. Zichichi, G. Zuzel

We report on the cryogenic characterization of Red Green Blue - High Density (RGB-HD) SiPMs developed at Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK) as part of the DarkSide program of dark matter searches with liquid argon time projection chambers. A dedicated setup was used to measure the primary dark noise, the correlated noise, and the gain of the SiPMs at varying temperatures. A custom-made data acquisition system and analysis software were used to precisely characterize these parameters. Read More

Because of the limitations of matrix factorization, such as losing spatial structure information, the concept of low-rank tensor factorization (LRTF) has been applied for the recovery of a low dimensional subspace from high dimensional visual data. The low-rank tensor recovery is generally achieved by minimizing the loss function between the observed data and the factorization representation. The loss function is designed in various forms under different noise distribution assumptions, like $L_1$ norm for Laplacian distribution and $L_2$ norm for Gaussian distribution. Read More

We present measurements of the Baryon Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) scale in redshift-space using the clustering of quasars. We consider a sample of 147,000 quasars from the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) distributed over 2044 square degrees with redshifts $0.8 < z < 2. Read More

In this note, for any two orthogonal projection $P,Q$ on a Hilbert space, the characterization of spectrum of anticommutator $PQ+QP$ has been obtained. As a corollary, the norm formula $$\parallel PQ+QP\parallel=\parallel PQ\parallel+\parallel PQ\parallel^2$$ has been got an alternative proof (see Sam Waltrs, Anticommutator norm formula for projection operators, arXiv:1604.00699vl [math. Read More

The vertical configuration is a powerful tool recently developed experimentally to investigate field effects in quasi 2D systems. Prototype graphene-based vertical tunneling transistors can achieve an extraordinary control over current density utilizing gate voltages. In this work we study theoretically vertical tunneling junctions that consist of a monolayer of photo-switchable aryl-azobenzene molecules of sandwiched between two sheets of graphene. Read More

2017May
Authors: M. Ablikim, M. N. Achasov, X. C. Ai, O. Albayrak, M. Albrecht, D. J. Ambrose, A. Amoroso, F. F. An, Q. An, J. Z. Bai, R. Baldini Ferroli, Y. Ban, D. W. Bennett, J. V. Bennett, M. Bertani, D. Bettoni, J. M. Bian, F. Bianchi, E. Boger, I. Boyko, R. A. Briere, H. Cai, X. Cai, O. Cakir, A. Calcaterra, G. F. Cao, S. A. Cetin, J. F. Chang, G. Chelkov, G. Chen, H. S. Chen, H. Y. Chen, J. C. Chen, M. L. Chen, S. J. Chen, X. Chen, X. R. Chen, Y. B. Chen, H. P. Cheng, X. K. Chu, G. Cibinetto, H. L. Dai, J. P. Dai, A. Dbeyssi, D. Dedovich, Z. Y. Deng, A. Denig, I. Denysenko, M. Destefanis, F. De Mori, Y. Ding, C. Dong, J. Dong, L. Y. Dong, M. Y. Dong, S. X. Du, P. F. Duan, E. E. Eren, J. Z. Fan, J. Fang, S. S. Fang, X. Fang, Y. Fang, L. Fava, F. Feldbauer, G. Felici, C. Q. Feng, E. Fioravanti, M. Fritsch, C. D. Fu, Q. Gao, X. Y. Gao, Y. Gao, Z. Gao, I. Garzia, C. Geng, K. Goetzen, W. X. Gong, W. Gradl, M. Greco, M. H. Gu, Y. T. Gu, Y. H. Guan, A. Q. Guo, L. B. Guo, Y. Guo, Y. P. Guo, Z. Haddadi, A. Hafner, S. Han, Y. L. Han, X. Q. Hao, F. A. Harris, K. L. He, Z. Y. He, T. Held, Y. K. Heng, Z. L. Hou, C. Hu, H. M. Hu, J. F. Hu, T. Hu, Y. Hu, G. M. Huang, G. S. Huang, H. P. Huang, J. S. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. Huang, T. Hussain, Q. Ji, Q. P. Ji, X. B. Ji, X. L. Ji, L. L. Jiang, L. W. Jiang, X. S. Jiang, X. Y. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, Z. Jiao, D. P. Jin, S. Jin, T. Johansson, A. Julin, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, X. L. Kang, X. S. Kang, M. Kavatsyuk, B. C. Ke, P. Kiese, R. Kliemt, B. Kloss, O. B. Kolcu, B. Kopf, M. Kornicer, W. Kuehn, A. Kupsc, J. S. Lange, M. Lara, P. Larin, C. Leng, C. Li, C. H. Li, Cheng Li, D. M. Li, F. Li, G. Li, H. B. Li, J. C. Li, Jin Li, K. Li, K. Li, Lei Li, P. R. Li, T. Li, W. D. Li, W. G. Li, X. L. Li, X. M. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, Y. F. Liang, Y. T. Liang, G. R. Liao, D. X. Lin, B. J. Liu, C. X. Liu, F. H. Liu, Fang Liu, Feng Liu, H. B. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. M. Liu, J. Liu, J. B. Liu, J. P. Liu, J. Y. Liu, K. Liu, K. Y. Liu, L. D. Liu, P. L. Liu, Q. Liu, S. B. Liu, X. Liu, X. X. Liu, Y. B. Liu, Z. A. Liu, Zhiqiang Liu, Zhiqing Liu, H. Loehner, X. C. Lou, H. J. Lu, J. G. Lu, R. Q. Lu, Y. Lu, Y. P. Lu, C. L. Luo, M. X. Luo, T. Luo, X. L. Luo, M. Lv, X. R. Lyu, F. C. Ma, H. L. Ma, L. L. Ma, Q. M. Ma, T. Ma, X. N. Ma, X. Y. Ma, F. E. Maas, M. Maggiora, Y. J. Mao, Z. P. Mao, S. Marcello, J. G. Messchendorp, J. Min, T. J. Min, R. E. Mitchell, X. H. Mo, Y. J. Mo, C. Morales Morales, K. Moriya, N. Yu. Muchnoi, H. Muramatsu, Y. Nefedov, F. Nerling, I. B. Nikolaev, Z. Ning, S. Nisar, S. L. Niu, X. Y. Niu, S. L. Olsen, Q. Ouyang, S. Pacetti, P. Patteri, M. Pelizaeus, H. P. Peng, K. Peters, J. Pettersson, J. L. Ping, R. G. Ping, R. Poling, V. Prasad, Y. N. Pu, M. Qi, S. Qian, C. F. Qiao, L. Q. Qin, N. Qin, X. S. Qin, Y. Qin, Z. H. Qin, J. F. Qiu, K. H. Rashid, C. F. Redmer, H. L. Ren, M. Ripka, G. Rong, Ch. Rosner, X. D. Ruan, V. Santoro, A. Sarantsev, M. Savrié, K. Schoenning, S. Schumann, W. Shan, M. Shao, C. P. Shen, P. X. Shen, X. Y. Shen, H. Y. Sheng, W. M. Song, X. Y. Song, S. Sosio, S. Spataro, G. X. Sun, J. F. Sun, S. S. Sun, Y. J. Sun, Y. Z. Sun, Z. J. Sun, Z. T. Sun, C. J. Tang, X. Tang, I. Tapan, E. H. Thorndike, M. Tiemens, M. Ullrich, I. Uman, G. S. Varner, B. Wang, B. L. Wang, D. Wang, D. Y. Wang, K. Wang, L. L. Wang, L. S. Wang, M. Wang, P. Wang, P. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. F. Wang, Y. D. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. G. Wang, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, T. Weber, D. H. Wei, J. B. Wei, P. Weidenkaff, S. P. Wen, U. Wiedner, M. Wolke, L. H. Wu, Z. Wu, L. G. Xia, Y. Xia, D. Xiao, H. Xiao, Z. J. Xiao, Y. G. Xie, Q. L. Xiu, G. F. Xu, L. Xu, Q. J. Xu, Q. N. Xu, X. P. Xu, L. Yan, W. B. Yan, W. C. Yan, Y. H. Yan, H. J. Yang, H. X. Yang, L. Yang, Y. Yang, Y. X. Yang, H. Ye, M. Ye, M. H. Ye, J. H. Yin, B. X. Yu, C. X. Yu, H. W. Yu, J. S. Yu, C. Z. Yuan, W. L. Yuan, Y. Yuan, A. Yuncu, A. A. Zafar, A. Zallo, Y. Zeng, B. X. Zhang, B. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, D. H. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, H. Y. Zhang, J. J. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, J. Y. Zhang, J. Z. Zhang, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, S. H. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. N. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. T. Zhang, Yu Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, G. Zhao, J. W. Zhao, J. Y. Zhao, J. Z. Zhao, Lei Zhao, Ling Zhao, M. G. Zhao, Q. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, S. J. Zhao, T. C. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, Z. G. Zhao, A. Zhemchugov, B. Zheng, J. P. Zheng, W. J. Zheng, Y. H. Zheng, B. Zhong, L. Zhou, Li Zhou, X. Zhou, X. K. Zhou, X. R. Zhou, X. Y. Zhou, K. Zhu, K. J. Zhu, S. Zhu, X. L. Zhu, Y. C. Zhu, Y. S. Zhu, Z. A. Zhu, J. Zhuang, L. Zotti, B. S. Zou, J. H. Zou

Using a data set of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ taken at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$ = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we perform a search for an extra U(1) gauge boson, also denoted as a dark photon. Read More

Reducing the number of false positive discoveries is presently one of the most pressing issues in the life sciences. It is of especially great importance for many applications in neuroimaging and genomics, where datasets are typically high-dimensional, which means that the number of explanatory variables exceeds the sample size. The false discovery rate (FDR) is a criterion that can be employed to address that issue. Read More

Recent experimental realizations of superfluid mixtures of Bose and Fermi quantum gases provide a unique platform for exploring diverse superfluid phenomena. We study dipole oscillations of a double superfluid in a cigar-shaped optical dipole trap, consisting of $^{41}$K and $^{6}$Li atoms with a large mass imbalance, where the oscillations of the bosonic and fermionic components are coupled via the Bose-Fermi interaction. In our high-precision measurements, the frequencies of both components are observed to be shifted from the single-species ones, and exhibit unusual features. Read More

A wide bandwidth, dual polarized, modified four-square antenna is presented as a feed antenna for radio astronomical measurements. A linear array of these antennas is used as a line-feed for cylindrical reflectors for Tianlai, a radio interferometer designed for 21~cm intensity mapping. Simulations of the feed antenna beam patterns and scattering parameters are compared to experimental results at multiple frequencies across the 650 - 1420 MHz range. Read More

In this article, we analyze and numerically assess a new fictitious domain method for fluid-structure interactions in two and three dimensions. The distinguishing feature of the proposed method is that it only solves for one velocity field for the whole fluid-structure domain; the interactions remain decoupled until solving the final linear algebraic equations. To achieve this the finite element procedures are carried out separately on two different meshes for the fluid and solid respectively, and the assembly of the final linear system brings the fluid and solid parts together via an isoparametric interpolation matrix between the two meshes. Read More

Many unsupervised kernel methods rely on the estimation of the kernel covariance operator (kernel CO) or kernel cross-covariance operator (kernel CCO). Both kernel CO and kernel CCO are sensitive to contaminated data, even when bounded positive definite kernels are used. To the best of our knowledge, there are few well-founded robust kernel methods for statistical unsupervised learning. Read More

Epileptic seizures are caused by abnormal, overly syn- chronized, electrical activity in the brain. The abnor- mal electrical activity manifests as waves, propagating across the brain. Accurate prediction of the propagation velocity and direction of these waves could enable real- time responsive brain stimulation to suppress or prevent the seizures entirely. Read More

Predicting large-scale transportation network traffic has become an important and challenging topic in recent decades. Inspired by the domain knowledge of motion prediction, in which the future motion of an object can be predicted based on previous scenes, we propose a network grid representation method that can retain the fine-scale structure of a transportation network. Network-wide traffic speeds are converted into a series of static images and input into a novel deep architecture, namely, spatiotemporal recurrent convolutional networks (SRCNs), for traffic forecasting. Read More

Searching for two-dimensional (2D) realistic materials able to realize room-temperature quantum spin Hall (QSH) effects is currently a growing field. Here, we through ab initio calculations to identify arsenene oxide, AsO, as an excellent candidate, which demonstrates high stability, flexibility, and tunable spin-orbit coupling (SOC) gaps. In contrast to known pristine or functionalized arsenene, the maximum nontrivial band gap of AsO reaches 89 meV, and can be further enhanced to 130 meV under biaxial strain. Read More

An algebra of actors $\textrm{A}\pi$ fully captures the properties of actors based on asynchronous $\pi$-calculus, but, it is based on the interleaving bisimulation semantics. We adjust $\textrm{A}\pi$ to $\textrm{A}\pi_{tc}$ to make $\textrm{A}\pi$ having a truly concurrent semantics. We give the syntax and operational semantics of $\textrm{A}\pi_{tc}$, and also the truly concurrent semantics model and algebraic laws of $\textrm{A}\pi_{tc}$. Read More

The GW Ori system is a pre-main sequence triple system (GW Ori A/B/C) with companions (GW Ori B/C) at $\sim$1 AU and $\sim$8 AU, respectively, from the primary (GW Ori A). The primary of the system has a mass of 3.9 $M_{\odot}$, but shows a spectral type of G8. Read More

The recent progress and development of deep generative models have led to remark- able improvements in research topics in computer vision and machine learning. In this paper, we address the task of cross-domain feature disentanglement. We advance the idea of unsupervised domain adaptation and propose to perform joint feature disentanglement and adaptation. Read More

Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), with their two-dimensional structures and sizable bandgaps, are good candidates for barrier materials in tunneling field-effect transistor (TFET) formed from atomic precision vertical stacks of graphene and insulating crystals of a few atomic layers in thickness. We report first-principles study of the electronic properties of the Graphene/WS$_2$/Graphene sandwich structure revealing strong interface effects on dielectric properties and predicting a high ON/OFF ratio with an appropriate WS$_2$ thickness and a suitable range of the gate voltage. Both the band spin-orbit coupling splitting and the dielectric constant of the WS$_2$ layer depend on its thickness when in contact with the graphene electrodes, indicating strong influence from graphene across the interfaces. Read More

We propose and fabricate a dual-emitter light-induced neuromorphic device composed of two light-induced devices with a common collector and base. Two InGaN multiple quantum well diodes (MQW-diodes) are used as the emitters to generate light, and one InGaN MQW-diode is used as the common collector to absorb the emitted light. When the presynaptic voltages are synchronously applied to the two emitters, the collector demonstrates an adding together of the excitatory post synaptic voltage (EPSV). Read More