Y. Pang - Columbia University, BNL

Y. Pang
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Y. Pang
Columbia University, BNL

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

High Energy Physics - Theory (26)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (18)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (10)
Computer Science - Information Theory (4)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
Physics - Materials Science (4)
Mathematics - Information Theory (4)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Physics - Optics (2)
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (2)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
Computer Science - Learning (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Physics - Space Physics (2)
Quantum Physics (1)
Physics - General Physics (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)

Publications Authored By Y. Pang

A typical pipeline for Zero-Shot Learning (ZSL) is to integrate the visual features and the class semantic descriptors into a multimodal framework with a linear or bilinear model. However, the visual features and the class semantic descriptors locate in different structural spaces, a linear or bilinear model can not capture the semantic interactions between different modalities well. In this letter, we propose a nonlinear approach to impose ZSL as a multi-class classification problem via a Semantic Softmax Loss by embedding the class semantic descriptors into the softmax layer of multi-class classification network. Read More

Zero-shot learning (ZSL) endows the computer vision system with the inferential capability to recognize instances of a new category that has never seen before. Two fundamental challenges in it are visual-semantic embedding and domain adaptation in cross-modality learning and unseen class prediction steps, respectively. To address both challenges, this paper presents two corresponding methods named Adaptive STructural Embedding (ASTE) and Self-PAsed Selective Strategy (SPASS), respectively. Read More

We report the observations of an electron vortex magnetic hole corresponding to a new type of coherent structures in the magnetosheath turbulent plasma using the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission data. The magnetic hole is characterized by a magnetic depression, a density peak, a total electron temperature increase (with a parallel temperature decrease but a perpendicular temperature increase), and strong currents carried by the electrons. The current has a dip in the center of the magnetic hole and a peak in the outer region of the magnetic hole. Read More

There have been continuous efforts in searching for unconventional superconductivity over the past five decades. Compared to the well-established d-wave superconductivity in cuprates, the existence of superconductivity with other high-angular-momentum pairing symmetries is less conclusive. Bi/Ni epitaxial bilayer is a potential unconventional superconductor with broken time reversal symmetry (TRS), for that it demonstrates superconductivity and ferromagnetism simultaneously at low temperatures. Read More

We consider $\phi^3$ theory in $6-2\epsilon$ with $F_4$ global symmetry. The beta function is calculated up to 3 loops, and a stable unitary IR fixed point is observed. The anomalous dimensions of operators quadratic or cubic in $\phi$ are also computed. Read More

We compute one loop free energy for D=4 Vasiliev higher spin gravities based on Konstein-Vasiliev algebras hu(m;n|4), ho(m;n|4) or husp(m;n|4) and subject to higher spin preserving boundary conditions, which are conjectured to be dual to the U(N), O(N) or USp(N) singlet sectors, respectively, of free CFTs on the boundary of $AdS_4$. Ordinary supersymmetric higher spin theories appear as special cases of Konstein-Vasiliev theories, when the corresponding higher spin algebra contains $OSp({\cal N}|4)$ as subalgebra. In $AdS_4$ with $S^3$ boundary, we use a modified spectral zeta function method, which avoids the ambiguity arising from summing over infinite number of spins. Read More

Ever since the discovery of the record-high thermal conductivity of single layer graphene, thermal transport capability of monolayer 2D materials has been under constant spotlight. Since thermal conductivity is an intensive property for 3D materials and the thickness of 2D materials is not well defined, different definitions of thickness in literature have led to ambiguity towards predicting thermal conductivity values and thus in understanding the heat transfer capability of different monolayer 2D materials. We argue that if conventional definition of thermal conductivity should be used as the quantity to compare the heat transfer capability of various monolayer 2D materials, then the same thickness should be used. Read More

Zero-shot learning (ZSL) extends the conventional image classification technique to a more challenging situation where the test image categories are not seen in the training samples. Most studies on ZSL utilize side information such as attributes or word vectors to bridge the relations between the seen classes and the unseen classes. However, existing approaches on ZSL typically exploit a shared space for each type of side information independently, which cannot make full use of the complementary knowledge of different types of side information. Read More

Coexistence of Wi-Fi and LTE-Unlicensed (LTE-U) technologies has drawn significant concern in industry. In this paper, we investigate the Wi-Fi performance in the presence of duty cycle based LTE-U transmission on the same channel. More specifically, one LTE-U cell and one Wi-Fi basic service set (BSS) coexist by allowing LTE-U devices transmit their signals only in predetermined duty cycles. Read More

Recent renewed interest in layered transition metal dichalcogenides stems from the exotic electronic phases predicted and observed in the single- and few-layer limit. Realizing these electronic phases requires preserving the desired transport properties down to a monolayer, which is challenging. Here, using semimetallic $WTe_2$ that exhibits large magnetoresistance, we show that surface oxidation and Fermi level pinning degrade the transport properties of thin $WTe_2$ flakes significantly. Read More

An approximate capacity region is established of a class of interfering multiple access channels consisting of two multiple-access channels (MACs), each with an arbitrary number of users, with interference from one of the transmitters of one MAC to the receiver of the other MAC, which we refer to henceforth as the MAC-IC-MAC. It is shown that, for the semi-deterministic MAC-IC-MAC, single-user coding at the non-interfering transmitters in each MAC and superposition coding at the interfering transmitter of each MAC achieves a rate region that is within a quantifiable gap of the capacity region, thereby generalizing the result by Telatar and Tse for the 2-user semi-deterministic interference channel. Next, with an explicit coding scheme, we establish an approximate capacity region that is within a one-bit gap of the capacity region for the Gaussian MAC-IC-MAC, thereby extending the work by Etkin {\em et al} for the two-user Gaussian interference channel. Read More

Network in Netwrok (NiN) is an effective instance and an important extension of Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) consisting of alternating convolutional layers and pooling layers. Instead of using a linear filter for convolution, NiN utilizes shallow MultiLayer Perceptron (MLP), a nonlinear function, to replace the linear filter. Because of the powerfulness of MLP and $ 1\times 1 $ convolutions in spatial domain, NiN has stronger ability of feature representation and hence results in better recognition rate. Read More

On the road of searching for Majorana fermions in condensed matter systems, a highly-sought signature is full gap-closing, as a condition for hosting the Majorana zero modes, in Josephson devices constructed on the surface of topological insulators. In this Letter, we present direct experimental evidence of gap-closing in single Josephson junctions constructed on Bi$_2$Te$_3$ surface via local contact-resistance measurement. Read More

Pedestrian detection based on the combination of Convolutional Neural Network (i.e., CNN) and traditional handcrafted features (i. Read More

Conventional Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) use either a linear or non-linear filter to extract features from an image patch (region) of spatial size $ H\times W $ (Typically, $ H $ is small and is equal to $ W$, e.g., $ H $ is 5 or 7). Read More

The discrimination and simplicity of features are very important for effective and efficient pedestrian detection. However, most state-of-the-art methods are unable to achieve good tradeoff between accuracy and efficiency. Inspired by some simple inherent attributes of pedestrians (i. Read More

We calculate the Kaluza-Klein spectrum of spin-2 fluctuations around the ${\cal N}=3$ warped ${\rm AdS}_4\times M_6$ solution in massive IIA supergravity. This solution was conjectured to be dual to the $D=3$ ${\cal N}=3$ superconformal ${\rm SU}(N)$ Chern-Simons matter theory with level $k$ and 2 adjoint chiral multiplets. The ${\rm SO}(3)_R\times{\rm SO}(3)_D$ isometry of the ${\cal N}=3$ solution is identified with the ${\rm SU}(2)_F\times {\rm SU}(2)_{\cal R}$ global symmetry of the dual ${\cal N}=3$ SCFT. Read More

Moving object detection is a key to intelligent video analysis. On the one hand, what moves is not only interesting objects but also noise and cluttered background. On the other hand, moving objects without rich texture are prone not to be detected. Read More

Object detection is an important task in computer vision and learning systems. Multistage particle windows (MPW), proposed by Gualdi et al., is an algorithm of fast and accurate object detection. Read More

We consider a certain ${\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric, SO(3)$\times$SO(3) invariant, subsector of the dyonic ISO(7)-gauged maximal supergravity in four-dimensions. The theory contains two scalar fields and two pseudoscalar fields. We look for stationary points of the scalar potential, especially the one preserving ${\cal N}=3$ supersymmetry of the original ISO(7) gauged theory. Read More

Cascaded AdaBoost classifier is a well-known efficient object detection algorithm. The cascade structure has many parameters to be determined. Most of existing cascade learning algorithms are designed by assigning detection rate and false positive rate to each stage either dynamically or statically. Read More

We consider a certain ${\cal N}=1$ supersymmetric, $SO(3)\times SO(3)$ invariant, subsector of the $\omega$-deformed family of $SO(8)$-gauged ${\cal N}=8$ four-dimensional supergravities. The theory contains two scalar fields and two pseudoscalar fields. We look for stationary points of the scalar potential, corresponding to AdS vacua in the theory. Read More

Recently, much attention has been paid to search for Majorana fermions in solid-state systems. Among various proposals there is one based on radio-frequency superconducting quantum interference devices (rf-SQUIDs), in which the appearance of 4$\pi$-period energy-phase relations is regarded as smoking-gun evidence of Majorana fermion states. Here we report the observation of truncated 4$\pi$-period (i. Read More

We show that the universal $\alpha$-attractor models of inflation can be realized by including an auxiliary vector field $A_{\mu}$ for the Starobinsky model with the Lagrangian $f(R)=R+R^2/(6M^2)$. If the same procedure is applied to general modified $f(R)$ theories in which the Ricci scalar $R$ is replaced by $R+A_{\mu} A^{\mu}+\beta \nabla_{\mu}A^{\mu}$ with constant $\beta$, we obtain the Brans-Dicke theory with a scalar potential and the Brans-Dicke parameter $\omega_{\rm BD}=\beta^2/4$. We also place observational constraints on inflationary models based on auxiliary vector modified $f(R)$ theories from the latest Planck measurements of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropies in both temperature and polarization. Read More

Gauged N=8 supergravity in four dimensions is now known to admit a deformation characterized by a real parameter $\omega$ lying in the interval $0\le\omega\le \pi/8$. We analyse the fluctuations about its anti-de Sitter vacuum, and show that the full N=8 supersymmetry can be maintained by the boundary conditions only for $\omega=0$. For non-vanishing $\omega$, and requiring that there be no propagating spin s>1 fields on the boundary, we show that N=3 is the maximum degree of supersymmetry that can be preserved by the boundary conditions. Read More

We study non-supersymmetric truncations of $\omega$-deformed ${\cal N}=8$ gauged supergravity that retain a $U(1)$ gauge field and three scalars, of which two are neutral and one charged. We construct dyonic domain-wall and black hole solutions with AdS$_4$ boundary conditions when only one (neutral) scalar is non-vanishing, and examine their behavior as the magnetic field and temperature of the system are varied. In the infrared the domain-wall solutions approach either dyonic AdS$_2 \times \mathbb{R}^2$ or else Lifshitz-like, hyperscaling violating geometries. Read More

We have investigated the magnetoresistive behavior of Dirac semi-metal Cd3As2 down to low temperatures and in high magnetic fields. A positive and linear magnetoresistance (LMR) as large as 3100% is observed in a magnetic field of 14 T, on high-quality single crystals of Cd3As2 with ultra-low electron density and large Lande g factor. Such a large LMR occurs when the magnetic field is applied perpendicular to both the current and the (100) surface, and when the temperature is low such that the thermal energy is smaller than the Zeeman splitting energy. Read More

We propose a novel method to generate vector beams in planar photonic crystal cavities with multiple missing-hole defects. Simulating the resonant modes in the cavities, we observe that the optical fields in each defect have different phase and polarization state distributions, which promise the compositions of vector beams by the scattered light from the defects. The far-field radiation patterns of the cavity modes calculated via the Sommerfeld diffraction theory present vector beams possessing hollow intensity profiles and polarization singularities. Read More

We provide a succinct way to construct the supersymmetric completion of $R^n$ $(n\ge3)$ in components using superconformal formulation of old minimal supergravity. As a consequence, we obtain the polynomial $f(R)$ supergravity extending the supersymmetric Starobinsky model to any higher power of $R$. The supersymmetric vacua in polynomial $f(R)$ supergravity are studied. Read More

Four-dimensional ${\cal N}=2$ gauged STU supergravity is a consistent truncation of the standard ${\cal N}=8$ gauged $SO(8)$ supergravity in which just the four $U(1)$ gauge fields in the Cartan subgroup of $SO(8)$ are retained. One of these is the graviphoton in the ${\cal N}=2$ supergravity multiplet and the other three lie in three vector multiplets. In this paper we carry out the analogous consistent truncation of the newly-discovered family of $\omega$-deformed ${\cal N}=8$ gauged $SO(8)$ supergravities, thereby obtaining a family of $\omega$-deformed STU gauged supergravities. Read More

We present a first statistical study of subproton and electron scales turbulence in the terrestrial magnetosheath using the Cluster Search Coil Magnetometer (SCM) waveforms of the STAFF instrument measured in the frequency range [1,180] Hz. It is found that clear spectral breaks exist near the electron scale, which separate two power-law like frequency bands referred to as the dispersive and the electron dissipation ranges. The frequencies of the breaks f_b are shown to be well correlated with the electron gyroscale \rho_e rather than with the electron inertial length de. Read More

The thermodynamics of a magnetised Kerr-Newman black hole is studied to all orders in the appended magnetic field $B$. The asymptotic properties of the metric and other fields are dominated by the magnetic flux that extends to infinity along the axis, leading to subtleties in the calculation of conserved quantities such as the angular momentum and the mass. We present a detailed discussion of the implementation of a Wald-type procedure to calculate the angular momentum, showing how ambiguities that are absent in the usual asymptotically-flat case may be resolved by the requirement of gauge invariance. Read More

We obtain spherically-symmetric and $\R^2$-symmetric dyonic black holes that are asymptotic to anti-de Sitter space-time (AdS), which are solutions in maximal gauged four-dimensional supergravity, with just one of the U(1) fields carrying both the electric and magnetic charges $(Q,P)$. We study the thermodynamics, and find that the usually-expected first law does not hold unless P=0, Q=0 or P=Q. For general values of the charges, we find that the first law requires a modification with a new pair of thermodynamic conjugate variables. Read More

We construct supersymmetric completions of various curvature squared terms in five dimensional supergravity with eight supercharges. Adopting the dilaton Weyl multiplet, we obtain the minimal off-shell supersymmetric Ricci scalar squared as well as all vector multiplets coupled curvature squared invariants. Since the minimal off-shell supersymmetric Riemann tensor squared and Gauss-Bonnet combination in the dilaton Weyl multiplet have been obtained before, both the minimal off-shell and the vector multiplets coupled curvature squared invariants in the dilation Weyl multiplet are complete. Read More

It is believed that the edges of a chiral p-wave superconductor host Majorana modes, relating to a mysterious type of fermions predicted seven decades ago. Much attention has been paid to search for p-wave superconductivity in solid-state systems, including recently those with strong spin-orbit coupling (SOC). However, smoking-gun experiments are still awaited. Read More

We study conformally-invariant theories of gravity in six dimensions. In four dimensions, there is a unique such theory that is polynomial in the curvature and its derivatives, namely Weyl-squared, and furthermore all solutions of Einstein gravity are also solutions of the conformal theory. By contrast, in six dimensions there are three independent conformally-invariant polynomial terms one could consider. Read More

Based on superconformal tensor calculus in five dimensions, we construct the supersymmetric completion of Gauss-Bonnet combination. We study the vacuum solutions with AdS_2 x S^3 and AdS_3 x S^2 structures. We also analyze the spectrum around a maximally supersymmetric Minkowski_5. Read More

Off-shell formulations of supergravities allow one to add closed-form higher-derivative super-invariants that are separately supersymmetric to the usual lower-derivative actions. In this paper we study four-dimensional off-shell N=1 supergravity where additional super-invariants associated with the square of the Weyl tensor and the square of the Ricci scalar are included. We obtain a variety of solutions where the metric describes domain walls, Lifshitz geometries, and also solutions of a kind known as gyratons. Read More

Using Exact Renormalization Group Equation approach and background field method, we investigate the one-loop problem in a six-dimensional conformal gravity theory whose Lagrangian takes the same form as holographic Weyl anomaly of multiple coincident M5-branes. We choose the backgrounds to be the symmetric Einstein spaces including S6, CP3, S2 \times S4, S2 \times CP2, S3 \times S3 and S2 \times S2 \times S2. Evaluating the functional sums gives power-law and logarithmic divergences. Read More

Gauged off-shell Maxwell-Einstein supergravity in six dimensions with N=(1,0) supersymmetry has a higher derivative extension afforded by a supersymmetrized Riemann squared term. This theory admits a supersymmetric Minkowski x S^2 compactification with a U(1) monopole of unit charge on S^2. We determine the full spectrum of the theory on this background. Read More

We study black hole solutions in extended gravities with higher-order curvature terms, including conformal and Einstein-Weyl gravities. In addition to the usual AdS vacuum, the theories admit Lifshitz and Schr\"odinger vacua. The AdS black hole in conformal gravity contains an additional parameter over and above the mass, which may be interpreted as a massive spin-2 hair. Read More

Linear operator broadcast channel (LOBC) models the scenario of multi-rate packet broadcasting over a network, when random network coding is applied. This paper presents the framework of algebraic coding for LOBCs and provides a Hamming-like upper bound on (multishot) subspace codes for LOBCs. Read More

Higher-order curvature corrections involving the conformally-invariant Weyl-squared action have played a role in two recent investigations of four-dimensional gravity; in critical gravity, where it is added to the standard cosmological Einstein-Hilbert action with a coefficient tuned to make the massive ghostlike spin-2 excitations massless, and in a pure Weyl-squared action considered by Maldacena, where the massive spin-2 modes are removed by the imposition of boundary conditions. We exhibit the connections between the two approaches, and we also generalise critical gravity to a wider class of Weyl-squared modifications to cosmological Einstein gravity where one can eliminate the massive ghostlike spin-2 modes by means of boundary conditions. The cosmological constant plays a crucial role in the discussion, since there is then a "window" of negative mass-squared spin-2 modes around AdS_4 that are not tachyonic. Read More

We propose to embed de Sitter space into five dimensional anti-de Sitter space to compute some physical quantities of interest, using the AdS/CFT correspondence. The static de Sitter can be considered as the conformal structure of the boundary of the hyperbolic AdS5 with a horizon, thus energy as well as entropy can be computed. The global dS can be embedded into a half-global AdS5, and the dS entropy can be regarded as entanglement entropy in this case. Read More

Motivated by the recent work on critical gravity theories in dimensions D>3, we reexamine the results in [arXiv:hep-th/0501044], where the conformal mass definition of Ashtekar, Magnon and Das (AMD) for asymptotically AdS space-times was generalized to incorporate curvature squared terms. The results in [arXiv:hep-th/0501044] appear to contradict the findings in critical gravity, where, using the methods of Deser and Tekin, black holes were shown to have zero mass. We show that after correcting an error in [arXiv:hep-th/0501044], the AMD approach actually produces results in complete agreement with those obtained by using the methods of Deser and Tekin. Read More

Recent research indicates that packet transmission employing random linear network coding can be regarded as transmitting subspaces over a linear operator channel (LOC). In this paper we propose the framework of linear operator broadcast channels (LOBCs) to model packet broadcasting over LOCs, and we do initial work on the capacity region of constant-dimension multiplicative LOBCs(CMLOBCs), a generalization of broadcast erasure channels. Two fundamental problems regarding CMLOBCs are addressed-finding necessary and sufficient conditions for degradation and deciding whether time sharing suffices to achieve the boundary of the capacity region in the degraded case. Read More

A class of hybrid (topologically) massive off-shell supergravities coupled to an on-shell matter scalar multiplet was recently constructed. The auxiliary field in the off-shell multiplet is dynamical for generic values of the eight parameters. We find that by choosing the parameters appropriately, it remains non-dynamical. Read More

We show that to accommodate inflation in the entropic force scenario of Verlinde, it is necessary to introduce a negative temperature on a holographic screen, this will introduce several puzzles such as energy non-conservation. If one tries to modify the derivation of the Einstein equations to avoid a negative temperature, we prove that it is impossible to find a proper new definition of temperature to derive the Einstein equations. Read More

We construct new seven-dimensional gravity by adding two topological terms to the Einstein-Hilbert action. For certain choice of the coupling constants, these terms may be related to the R^4 correction to the 3-form field equation of eleven-dimensional supergravity. We derive the full set of the equations of motion. Read More

We estimate the dominating frequencies contributing to the Casimir energy in a cavity of metamaterials mimicking de Sitter space, by solving the eigenvalue problem of Maxwell equations. It turns out the dominating frequencies are the inverse of the size of the cavity, and the degeneracy of these frequencies also explains our previous result on the unusually large Casimir energy. Our result suggests that carrying out the experiment in laboratory is possible theoretically. Read More