Y. B. Huang - PKU

Y. B. Huang
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Y. B. Huang

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Quantum Physics (6)
Mathematics - Information Theory (5)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (5)
Computer Science - Information Theory (5)
Physics - Optics (5)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (4)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (3)
Physics - Materials Science (3)
Computer Science - Learning (3)
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
Physics - General Physics (1)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Computer Science - Robotics (1)
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (1)

Publications Authored By Y. B. Huang

We study the unidirectional amplification of optical probe fields in a three-mode optomechanical system, where the mechanical resonator interacts with two linearly-coupled optical cavities and the cavities are driven by strong optical pump fields. An optical probe field is injected into one of the cavity modes, and at the same time, it is applied to the mechanical mode after being down-converted by the optical pump frequency. We show that the transmission of the probe field can be amplified in one direction and de-amplified in the opposite direction. Read More

We study the classification of symmetry protected topological (SPT) phases with crystalline symmetry (cSPT phases). Focusing on bosonic cSPT phases in two and three dimensions, we introduce a simple family of cSPT states, where the system is comprised of decoupled lower-dimensional building blocks that are themselves SPT states. We introduce a procedure to classify these block states, which surprisingly reproduces a classification of cSPT phases recently obtained by Thorngren and Else using very different methods, for all wallpaper and space groups. Read More

Pouring is a simple task people perform daily. It is the second most frequently executed motion in cooking scenarios, after pick-and-place. We present a pouring trajectory generation approach, which uses force feedback from the cup to determine the future velocity of pouring. Read More

Chaotic dynamics in quantum many-body systems scrambles local information so that at late times it can no longer be accessed locally. This is reflected quantitatively in the out-of-time-ordered correlator of local operators which is expected to decay to zero with time. However, for systems of finite size, out-of-time-ordered correlators do not decay exactly to zero and we show in this paper that the residue value can provide useful insights into the chaotic dynamics. Read More

We report a possible periodicity in the long-term monitoring of Ark 120, a nearby radio-quiet active galactic nucleus (AGN) at a distance of 143 Mpc (z=0.03271). We compile the historic archival photometric and spectroscopic data of Ark 120 since 1974 and make a new two-year monitoring campaign in 2015-2017, leading to a total temporal baseline over four decades. Read More

To improve segmentation performance, a novel neural network architecture (termed DFCN-DCRF) is proposed, which combines an RGB-D fully convolutional neural network (DFCN) with a depth-sensitive fully-connected conditional random field (DCRF). First, a DFCN architecture which fuses depth information into the early layers and applies dilated convolution for later contextual reasoning is designed. Then, a depth-sensitive fully-connected conditional random field (DCRF) is proposed and combined with the previous DFCN to refine the preliminary result. Read More

Millimeter wave (mmWave) communications have recently attracted large research interest, since the huge available bandwidth can potentially lead to rates of multiple Gbps (gigabit per second) per user. Though mmWave can be readily used in stationary scenarios such as indoor hotspots or backhaul, it is challenging to use mmWave in mobile networks, where the transmitting/receiving nodes may be moving, channels may have a complicated structure, and the coordination among multiple nodes is difficult. To fully exploit the high potential rates of mmWave in mobile networks, lots of technical problems must be addressed. Read More

The electric charge $Q$ and its potential $\Phi$ are employed as state parameters to further investigate properties of charged AdS black holes in $f(R)$ gravity, involving the thermodynamic stability, criticality and microstructure. Attempt in this new picture is launched from both macroscopic and microscopic perspectives. In the macroscopic view, the charged AdS black holes in $f(R)$ gravity is thermally unstable and qualitatively behaves like Van der Waals fluid. Read More

Several finite difference methods are proposed for the infinitesimal generator of 1D asymmetric $\alpha$-stable L\'{e}vy motions, based on the fact that the operator becomes a multiplier in the spectral space. These methods take the general form of a discrete convolution, and the coefficients (or the weights) in the convolution are chosen to approximate the exact multiplier after appropriate transform. The accuracy and the associated advantages/disadvantages are also discussed, providing some guidance on the choice of the right scheme for practical problems, like in the calculation of mean exit time for random processes governed by general asymmetric $\alpha$-stable motions. Read More

Following Escobar [Esc97] and Jammes [Jam15], we introduce two types of isoperimetric constants and give lower bound estimates for the first nontrivial eigenvalues of Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators on finite graphs with boundary respectively. Read More

Authors: M. Ablikim, M. N. Achasov, X. C. Ai, O. Albayrak, M. Albrecht, D. J. Ambrose, A. Amoroso, F. F. An, Q. An, J. Z. Bai, R. Baldini Ferroli, Y. Ban, D. W. Bennett, J. V. Bennett, M. Bertani, D. Bettoni, J. M. Bian, F. Bianchi, E. Boger, I. Boyko, R. A. Briere, H. Cai, X. Cai, O. Cakir, A. Calcaterra, G. F. Cao, S. A. Cetin, J. F. Chang, G. Chelkov, G. Chen, H. S. Chen, H. Y. Chen, J. C. Chen, M. L. Chen, S. J. Chen, X. Chen, X. R. Chen, Y. B. Chen, H. P. Cheng, X. K. Chu, G. Cibinetto, H. L. Dai, J. P. Dai, A. Dbeyssi, D. Dedovich, Z. Y. Deng, A. Denig, I. Denysenko, M. Destefanis, F. De Mori, Y. Ding, C. Dong, J. Dong, L. Y. Dong, M. Y. Dong, S. X. Du, P. F. Duan, E. E. Eren, J. Z. Fan, J. Fang, S. S. Fang, X. Fang, Y. Fang, L. Fava, F. Feldbauer, G. Felici, C. Q. Feng, E. Fioravanti, M. Fritsch, C. D. Fu, Q. Gao, X. Y. Gao, Y. Gao, Z. Gao, I. Garzia, C. Geng, K. Goetzen, W. X. Gong, W. Gradl, M. Greco, M. H. Gu, Y. T. Gu, Y. H. Guan, A. Q. Guo, L. B. Guo, Y. Guo, Y. P. Guo, Z. Haddadi, A. Hafner, S. Han, Y. L. Han, X. Q. Hao, F. A. Harris, K. L. He, Z. Y. He, T. Held, Y. K. Heng, Z. L. Hou, C. Hu, H. M. Hu, J. F. Hu, T. Hu, Y. Hu, G. M. Huang, G. S. Huang, H. P. Huang, J. S. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. Huang, T. Hussain, Q. Ji, Q. P. Ji, X. B. Ji, X. L. Ji, L. L. Jiang, L. W. Jiang, X. S. Jiang, X. Y. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, Z. Jiao, D. P. Jin, S. Jin, T. Johansson, A. Julin, N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki, X. L. Kang, X. S. Kang, M. Kavatsyuk, B. C. Ke, P. Kiese, R. Kliemt, B. Kloss, O. B. Kolcu, B. Kopf, M. Kornicer, W. Kuehn, A. Kupsc, J. S. Lange, M. Lara, P. Larin, C. Leng, C. Li, C. H. Li, Cheng Li, D. M. Li, F. Li, G. Li, H. B. Li, J. C. Li, Jin Li, K. Li, K. Li, Lei Li, P. R. Li, T. Li, W. D. Li, W. G. Li, X. L. Li, X. M. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, Y. F. Liang, Y. T. Liang, G. R. Liao, D. X. Lin, B. J. Liu, C. X. Liu, F. H. Liu, Fang Liu, Feng Liu, H. B. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. H. Liu, H. M. Liu, J. Liu, J. B. Liu, J. P. Liu, J. Y. Liu, K. Liu, K. Y. Liu, L. D. Liu, P. L. Liu, Q. Liu, S. B. Liu, X. Liu, X. X. Liu, Y. B. Liu, Z. A. Liu, Zhiqiang Liu, Zhiqing Liu, H. Loehner, X. C. Lou, H. J. Lu, J. G. Lu, R. Q. Lu, Y. Lu, Y. P. Lu, C. L. Luo, M. X. Luo, T. Luo, X. L. Luo, M. Lv, X. R. Lyu, F. C. Ma, H. L. Ma, L. L. Ma, Q. M. Ma, T. Ma, X. N. Ma, X. Y. Ma, F. E. Maas, M. Maggiora, Y. J. Mao, Z. P. Mao, S. Marcello, J. G. Messchendorp, J. Min, T. J. Min, R. E. Mitchell, X. H. Mo, Y. J. Mo, C. Morales Morales, K. Moriya, N. Yu. Muchnoi, H. Muramatsu, Y. Nefedov, F. Nerling, I. B. Nikolaev, Z. Ning, S. Nisar, S. L. Niu, X. Y. Niu, S. L. Olsen, Q. Ouyang, S. Pacetti, P. Patteri, M. Pelizaeus, H. P. Peng, K. Peters, J. Pettersson, J. L. Ping, R. G. Ping, R. Poling, V. Prasad, Y. N. Pu, M. Qi, S. Qian, C. F. Qiao, L. Q. Qin, N. Qin, X. S. Qin, Y. Qin, Z. H. Qin, J. F. Qiu, K. H. Rashid, C. F. Redmer, H. L. Ren, M. Ripka, G. Rong, Ch. Rosner, X. D. Ruan, V. Santoro, A. Sarantsev, M. Savrié, K. Schoenning, S. Schumann, W. Shan, M. Shao, C. P. Shen, P. X. Shen, X. Y. Shen, H. Y. Sheng, W. M. Song, X. Y. Song, S. Sosio, S. Spataro, G. X. Sun, J. F. Sun, S. S. Sun, Y. J. Sun, Y. Z. Sun, Z. J. Sun, Z. T. Sun, C. J. Tang, X. Tang, I. Tapan, E. H. Thorndike, M. Tiemens, M. Ullrich, I. Uman, G. S. Varner, B. Wang, B. L. Wang, D. Wang, D. Y. Wang, K. Wang, L. L. Wang, L. S. Wang, M. Wang, P. Wang, P. L. Wang, S. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. F. Wang, Y. D. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. G. Wang, Z. H. Wang, Z. Y. Wang, T. Weber, D. H. Wei, J. B. Wei, P. Weidenkaff, S. P. Wen, U. Wiedner, M. Wolke, L. H. Wu, Z. Wu, L. G. Xia, Y. Xia, D. Xiao, H. Xiao, Z. J. Xiao, Y. G. Xie, Q. L. Xiu, G. F. Xu, L. Xu, Q. J. Xu, Q. N. Xu, X. P. Xu, L. Yan, W. B. Yan, W. C. Yan, Y. H. Yan, H. J. Yang, H. X. Yang, L. Yang, Y. Yang, Y. X. Yang, H. Ye, M. Ye, M. H. Ye, J. H. Yin, B. X. Yu, C. X. Yu, H. W. Yu, J. S. Yu, C. Z. Yuan, W. L. Yuan, Y. Yuan, A. Yuncu, A. A. Zafar, A. Zallo, Y. Zeng, B. X. Zhang, B. Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, D. H. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, H. Y. Zhang, J. J. Zhang, J. L. Zhang, J. Q. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, J. Y. Zhang, J. Z. Zhang, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, S. H. Zhang, X. Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. N. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. T. Zhang, Yu Zhang, Z. H. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, G. Zhao, J. W. Zhao, J. Y. Zhao, J. Z. Zhao, Lei Zhao, Ling Zhao, M. G. Zhao, Q. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, S. J. Zhao, T. C. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, Z. G. Zhao, A. Zhemchugov, B. Zheng, J. P. Zheng, W. J. Zheng, Y. H. Zheng, B. Zhong, L. Zhou, Li Zhou, X. Zhou, X. K. Zhou, X. R. Zhou, X. Y. Zhou, K. Zhu, K. J. Zhu, S. Zhu, X. L. Zhu, Y. C. Zhu, Y. S. Zhu, Z. A. Zhu, J. Zhuang, L. Zotti, B. S. Zou, J. H. Zou

Using a data set of 2.93 fb$^{-1}$ taken at a center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$ = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we perform a search for an extra U(1) gauge boson, also denoted as a dark photon. Read More

Background: Mining gene modules from genomic data is an important step to detect gene members of pathways or other relations such as protein-protein interactions. In this work, we explore the plausibility of detecting gene modules by factorizing gene-phenotype associations from a phenotype ontology rather than the conventionally used gene expression data. In particular, the hierarchical structure of ontology has not been sufficiently utilized in clustering genes while functionally related genes are consistently associated with phenotypes on the same path in the phenotype ontology. Read More

We revisit Parker's conjecture of current singularity formation in 3D line-tied plasmas, using a recently developed numerical method, variational integration for ideal magnetohydrodynamics in Lagrangian labeling. With the frozen-in equation built-in, the method is free of artificial reconnection, hence arguably an optimal tool for studying current singularity formation. Using this method, the formation of current singularity has previously been confirmed in the Hahm-Kulsrud-Taylor problem in 2D. Read More

We study a non-local two species cross-interaction model with cross-diffusion. We propose a positivity preserving finite volume scheme based on the numerical method introduced in Ref. [15] and explore this new model numerically in terms of its long-time behaviours. Read More

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) offers high-resolution \emph{in vivo} imaging and rich functional and anatomical multimodality tissue contrast. In practice, however, there are challenges associated with considerations of scanning costs, patient comfort, and scanning time that constrain how much data can be acquired in clinical or research studies. In this paper, we explore the possibility of generating high-resolution and multimodal images from low-resolution single-modality imagery. Read More

We explore the temporal relationship between microwave/HXR emission and Doppler velocity during the impulsive phase of a solar flare on 2014 October 27 (SOL2014-10-27), which displays a pulse on the light curves in microwave (34 GHz) and hard X-ray (HXR, 25-50 keV) bands before the flare maximum. Imaging observation shows that this pulse mainly comes from one footpoint of a solar flare loop. The slit of Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) stays at this footpoint during this solar flare. Read More

Based on Wheeler-DeWitt equation derived from general relativity, it had been found that only dark energy can lead to a normalizable cosmological wave function. It is shown in the present work that, for dRGT gravity, Eddington-inspired-Born-Infeld gravity and Ho$\check{\text{r}}$ava-Lifshitz gravity, the previous conclusion can also stand well in quantum cosmology induced from these modified gravities. This observation implies that there might be a universal relation between dark energy and normalizability of the cosmological wave function. Read More

Non-volatile memory (NVM) provides a scalable and power-efficient solution to replace DRAM as main memory. However, because of relatively high latency and low bandwidth of NVM, NVM is often paired with DRAM to build a heterogeneous memory system (HMS). As a result, data objects of the application must be carefully placed to NVM and DRAM for best performance. Read More

Resilience is a major design goal for HPC. Checkpoint is the most common method to enable resilient HPC. Checkpoint periodically saves critical data objects to non-volatile storage to enable data persistence. Read More

We study the problem of constructing good space-time codes for broadcasting $K$ independent messages over a MIMO network to $L$ users, where each user demands all the messages and already has a subset of messages as side information. As a first attempt, we consider the $2\times 2$ case and propose golden-coded index coding by partitioning the golden codes into $K$ subcodes, one for each message. The proposed scheme is shown to have the property that for any side information configuration, the minimum determinant of the code increases exponentially with the amount of information contained in the side information. Read More

We demonstrate tunable pulling and pushing optical forces on plasmonic nanostructures around Fano resonance. The plasmonic nanostructure containing a spherical core with optical gain and a metallic shell shows much larger optical pulling force than a pure gain sphere. One can obtain large field enhancement and giant pulling force at the emerged quadrupole mode. Read More

Waveform design is a key technique to jointly exploit a beamforming gain, the channel frequency-selectivity and the rectifier nonlinearity, so as to enhance the end-to-end power transfer efficiency of Wireless Power Transfer (WPT). Those waveforms have been designed assuming perfect channel state information at the transmitter. This paper proposes two waveform strategies relying on limited feedback for multi-antenna multi-sine WPT over frequency-selective channels. Read More

For hybrid massive MIMO public channel with any sector size in either microwave or millimeter wave (mmwave) band, this paper studies the hybrid beamforming optimized to minimize the transmit power while guaranteeing the quality of service (QoS) for randomly deployed users. First the ideal beampattern is derived via Parseval Identity, based on which a beamforming design problem is formulated to minimize the gap with the idea beampattern. The problem is transformable to a multiconvex one and an iterative optimization algorithm is used to obtain the full-digital beamformer. Read More

This paper considers the multi-armed thresholding bandit problem -- identifying all arms above a predefined threshold via as few pulls (or rounds) as possible -- proposed by Locatelli et al. [2016] recently. Although the proposed algorithm in Locatelli et al. Read More

Realizing long distance entanglement swapping with independent sources in the real-world condition is important for both future quantum network and fundamental study of quantum theory. Currently, demonstration over a few of tens kilometer underground optical fiber has been achieved. However, future applications demand entanglement swapping over longer distance with more complicated environment. Read More

Authors: F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More

We present a system for converting a fully panoramic ($360^\circ$) video into a normal field-of-view (NFOV) hyperlapse for an optimal viewing experience. Our system exploits visual saliency and semantics to non-uniformly sample in space and time for generating hyperlapses. In addition, users can optionally choose objects of interest for customizing the hyperlapses. Read More

We report the success in introducing Mn into (Li1-xFex)OHFe1-ySe superconducting crystals by applying two different hydrothermal routes, ion exchange (1-Step) and ion release/introduction (2-Step). The micro-region x-ray diffraction and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy analyses indicate that the Mn has been doped into the lattice, and its content in the 1-Step fabricated sample is higher than that in the 2-Step one. Magnetic susceptibility and electric transport properties reveal that Mn doping influences little on the superconducting transition, regardless of 1-Step or 2-Step routes. Read More

In this paper, a new robust Student's t based stochastic cubature filter (RSTSCF) is proposed for nonlinear state-space model with heavy-tailed process and measurement noises. The heart of the RSTSCF is a stochastic Student's t spherical radial cubature rule (SSTSRCR), which is derived based on the third-degree unbiased spherical rule and the proposed third-degree unbiased radial rule. The existing stochastic integration rule is a special case of the proposed SSTSRCR when the degrees of freedom parameter tends to infinity. Read More

When overlapping in an optical medium with nonlinear susceptibility, light waves can interact with each other, changing their phases, wavelengths, shapes, and so on. Such nonlinear effects, discovered over a half century ago, have given rise to a breadth of important applications. Applying to quantum-mechanical signals, however, they face fundamental challenges arising from the multimode nature of the interacting electromagnetic fields, such as phase noises and Raman scattering. Read More

The axis tilt of light beam in optical system would introduce the dispersion of orbital angular momentum (OAM) spectrum. To deal with it, a two-step method is proposed and demonstrated. First, the tilt angle of optical axis is identified with a deduced relation between the tilt angle and the variation of OAM topological charges with different reference axes, which is obtained with the help of a charge coupled device (CCD) camera. Read More

We study the behavior of entanglement between different degrees of freedom of scattering fermions, based on an exemplary QED scattering process $e^+e^-\longrightarrow\mu^+\mu^-$. The variation of entanglement entropy between two fermions from an initial state to the final state was computed, with respect to different entanglement between the ingoing particles. This variation of entanglement entropy is found to be proportional to an area quantity, the total cross section. Read More

We consider the infinite one-sided sequence over alphabet $\{a,b\}$ generated by the period-doubling substitution $\sigma(a)=ab$ and $\sigma(b)=aa$, denoted by $\mathbb{D}$. Let $r_p(\omega)$ be the $p$-th return word of factor $\omega$. The main result of this paper is twofold. Read More

This paper contributes a new large-scale dataset for weakly supervised cross-media retrieval, named Twitter100k. Current datasets, such as Wikipedia, NUS Wide and Flickr30k, have two major limitations. First, these datasets are lacking in content diversity, i. Read More

Intensive researches of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials reveal that valleys, as energy extrema in momentum space, could offer a new degree of freedom for carrying information. Taking advantage of the concept, researchers have predicted the existence of valley-Hall topological insulators which could exhibit quantum valley-Hall effect and support valley-polarized edge states on certain edges and domain walls. Since then, several kinds of photonic or sonic crystals have been proposed as the classical counterparts of valley-Hall topological insulators. Read More

The Gottesman-Knill theorem established that stabilizer states and operations can be efficiently simulated classically. For qudits with dimension three and greater, stabilizer states and Clifford operations have been found to correspond to positive discrete Wigner functions and dynamics. We present a discrete Wigner function-based simulation algorithm for odd-$d$ qudits that has the same time and space complexity as the Aaronson-Gottesman algorithm. Read More

We study photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) near the ionization threshold with a newly developed Coulomb quantum-orbit strong-field approximation (CQSFA) theory. The CQSFA simulations present an excellent agreement with the result from time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation method. We show that the low-energy fan-shaped structure in the PADs corresponds to a subcycle time-resolved holographic structure and stems from the significant influence of the Coulomb potential on the phase of the forward-scattering electron trajectories, which affects different momenta and scattering angles unequally. Read More

When an emitting spherical shell with a constant Lorentz factor turns off emission abruptly at some radius, its high-latitude emission would obey the relation of $\hat{\alpha}$ (the temporal index) = $2 + \hat{\beta}$ (the spectral index). However, this relation is violated by the X-ray fares in some gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), whose $\hat{\alpha}$ is much more steeper. We show that the synchrotron radiation should be anisotropic when the angular distribution of accelerated electrons has preferable orientation, and this anisotropy would naturally lead to the steeper decay for the high-latitude emission if the the intrinsic emission is limb-brightened. Read More

Geometric moment invariants (GMIs) have been widely used as basic tool in shape analysis and information retrieval. Their structure and characteristics determine efficiency and effectiveness. Two fundamental building blocks or generating functions (GFs) for invariants are discovered, which are dot product and vector product of point vectors in Euclidean space. Read More

This work provides a comprehensive scaling law based performance analysis for multi-cell multi-user massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) downlink systems with maximal-ratio transmission (MRT). Imperfect channel state information (CSI), pilot contamination, and channel spatial correlation are all considered. First, a sum-rate lower bound is derived by exploiting the asymptotically deterministic property of the received signal power, while keeping the random nature of other components in the signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio (SINR) intact. Read More

The radiation symmetry and laser-plasma instabilities (LPIs) inside the conventional cylindrical hohlraum configuration are the two daunting challenges on the approach to ignition in indirectly driven inertial confinement fusion. Recently, near-vacuum cylindrical hohlraum (NVCH), octahedral spherical hohlraum (SH) and novel three-axis cylindrical hohlraum (TACH) were proposed to mitigate these issues. While the coupling efficiency might still be a critical risk. Read More

Two-dimensional (2-D) materials are of tremendous interest to integrated photonics given their singular optical characteristics spanning light emission, modulation, saturable absorption, and nonlinear optics. To harness their optical properties, these atomically thin materials are usually attached onto prefabricated devices via a transfer process. In this paper, we present a new route for 2-D material integration with planar photonics. Read More

We investigate electronic excitations in La2-x(Br,Sr)xCuO4 using resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) at the oxygen K edge. RIXS spectra of the hole-doped cuprates show clear momentum dependence below 1 eV. The spectral weight exhibits positive dispersion and shifts to higher energy with increasing hole concentration. Read More

A new unification theory of both the all fundamental physics interactions and Noether theorem is naturally given. The Lagrangians of the well-known fundamental physics interactions are unifiedly deduced from the quantitative causal principle (QCP) and satisfy the gauge invariant principle of general gauge fields interacting with Ferimion and/or boson fields. The geometry and physics meanings of gauge invariant property of different physical systems are revealed, and it is di\textbf{s}covered that all the Lagrangians of the well-known fundamental physics interaction% \textbf{s} are composed of the invariant quantities in corresponding spacetime structures. Read More

The true ground state of hadronic matter may be strange quark matter (SQM). According to this hypothesis, the observed pulsars, which are generally deemed as neutron stars, may actually be strange quark stars. However, proving or disproving the SQM hypothesis still remains to be a difficult problem, due to the similarity between the macroscopical characteristics of strange quark stars and neutron stars. Read More

In this paper, we study the problem of constructing a network by observing ordered connectivity constraints, which we define herein. These ordered constraints are made to capture realistic properties of real-world problems that are not reflected in previous, more general models. We give hardness of approximation results and nearly-matching upper bounds for the offline problem, and we study the online problem in both general graphs and restricted sub-classes. Read More

We have fabricated oxygen deficient polycrystalline ZnO films by the rf sputtering deposition method. To systematically investigate the charge transport mechanisms in these samples, the electrical resistivities have been measured over a wide range of temperature from 300 K down to liquid-helium temperatures. We found that below about 100 K, the variable-range-hopping (VRH) conduction processes govern the charge transport properties. Read More

We introduce intertwining operators among twisted modules or twisted intertwining operators associated to not-necessarily-commuting automorphisms of a vertex operator algebra. Let $V$ be a vertex operator algebra and let $g_{1}$, $g_{2}$ and $g_{3}$ be automorphisms of $V$. We prove that for $g_{1}$-, $g_{2}$- and $g_{3}$-twisted $V$-modules $W_{1}$, $W_{2}$ and $W_{3}$, respectively, such that the vertex operator map for $W_{3}$ is injective, if there exists a twisted intertwining operator of type ${W_{3}\choose W_{1}W_{2}}$ such that the images of its component operators span $W_{3}$, then $g_{3}=g_{1}g_{2}$. Read More

We report modulation of a reversible phase transition in VO2 films by hydrogen doping. A metallic phase and a new insulating phase are successively observed at room temperature as the doping concentration increases. It is suggested that the polarized charges from doped hydrogens play an important role. Read More

High-quality entangled photon pairs generated via spontaneous parametric down-conversion have made great contributions to the modern quantum information science and the fundamental tests of quantum mechanics. However, the quality of the entangled states decreases sharply when moving from biphoton to multiphoton experiments, mainly due to the lack of interactions between photons. Here, for the first time, we generate a four-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state with a fidelity of $98\%$, which is even comparable to the best fidelity of biphoton entangled states. Read More