Xu Zheng

Xu Zheng
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Xu Zheng

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (9)
Physics - Optics (3)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1)
Mathematics - Complex Variables (1)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)

Publications Authored By Xu Zheng

We propose a method to directly visualize the photonic band-structure of micron size photonic crystals using wide angle spectroscopy. By extending Fourier Imaging Spectroscopy sensitivity into the infrared range we have obtained accurate measurements of the band-structures along the high-symmetry directions (X-W-K-L-U) of polymeric three-dimensional rod-connected diamond photonic crystals. Our implementation also allows us to record single-wavelength reflectance far field patterns showing a very good agreement with simulations of the same designs. Read More

Production of the $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons at $Z$-factory (an $e^+e^-$ collider running at energies around $Z$ pole) is calculated up-to the next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections. The results show that the dependence of the total cross sections on the renormalization scale $\mu$ is reduced by the corrections, and the NLO corrections enhance the production cross section by $52\%$($33\%$) when the renormalization scale is taken at $\mu=2m_b$. For experimental observations of the $B_c$ and $B_c^*$ mesons, the differential cross sections for the production are also analyzed up-to the NLO accuracy. Read More

Black phosphorus (P) has emerged as a layered semiconductor with a unique crystal structure featuring corrugated atomic layers and strong in-plane anisotropy in its physical properties. Here, we demonstrate that the crystal orientation and mechanical anisotropy in free-standing black P thin layers can be precisely determined by spatially resolved multimode nanomechanical resonances. This offers a new means for resolving important crystal orientation and anisotropy in black P device platforms in situ beyond conventional optical and electrical calibration techniques. Read More

With the fast development of wireless technologies, wireless applications have invaded various areas in people's lives with a wide range of capabilities. Guaranteeing Quality-of-Service (QoS) is the key to the success of those applications. One of the QoS requirements, service frequency, is very important for tasks including multimedia transmission in the Internet of Things. Read More

Production of the doubly heavy-flavored hadrons ($B_c$ meson, doubly heavy baryons $\Xi_{cc}$, $\Xi_{bc}$, $\Xi_{bb}$, their excited states and antiparticles of them as well) at $e^+e^-$ colliders is investigated under two different approaches: $LO$ (leading order QCD complete calculation) and $LL$ (leading logarithm fragmentation calculation). The results for the production obtained by the approaches $LO$ and $LL$, including the angle distributions of the produced hadrons with unpolarized and polarized incoming beams, the behaviors on the energy fraction of the produced doubly heavy hadron and comparisons between the two approaches' results, are presented in terms of tables and figures. Thus characteristics of the production and uncertainties of the approaches are shown precisely, and it is concluded that only if the colliders run at the eneries around $Z$-pole (which may be called as $Z$-factories) and additionally the luminosity of the colliders is as high as possible then to study the doubly heavy hadrons thoroughly is accessible. Read More

Atomic layers of black phosphorus (P) isolated from its layered bulk make a new two-dimensional (2D) semiconducting crystal with sizable direct bandgap, high carrier mobility, and promises for 2D electronics and optoelectronics. However, the integrity of black P crystal could be susceptible to a number of environmental variables and processes, resulting in degradation in device performance even before the device optical image suggests so. Here, we perform a systematic study of the environmental effects on black P electronic devices through continued measurements over a month under a number of controlled conditions, including ambient light, air, and humidity, and identify evolution of device performance under each condition. Read More

We present the simulation, fabrication, and optical characterization of low-index polymeric rod-connected diamond (RCD) structures. Such complex three-dimensional photonic crystal structures are created via direct laser writing by two-photon polymerization. To our knowledge, this is the first measurement at near-infrared wavelengths, showing partial photonic bandgaps for this structure. Read More

We reported on the generation of femtosecond pulse in an anomalous-dispersion fiber ring laser by using a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-based Topological Insulator (TI), Bi2Se3 saturable absorber (SA). The PVA-TI composite has a low saturable optical intensity of 12 MW/cm2 and a modulation depth of ~3.9%. Read More

The principle of maximum conformality (PMC) provides a way to eliminate the conventional renormalization scale ambiguity in a systematic way. By applying the PMC scale setting, all non-conformal terms in perturbative series are summed into the running coupling, and one obtains a unique, scale-fixed prediction at any finite order. In the paper, we make a detailed PMC analysis for the spin-singlet heavy quarkoniums decay (into light hadrons) at the next-to-leading order. Read More

The principle of maximum conformality (PMC) provides a convenient way for setting the optimal renormalization scales for high-energy processes, which can eliminate the conventional renormalization scale error via an order-by-order manner. At present, we make a detailed PMC analysis on the Higgs decay $H\rightarrow \gamma\gamma$ up to three-loop QCD corrections. As an important point of deriving reliable PMC estimation, it is noted that only those $\{\beta_i\}$-terms that rightly determine the running behavior of coupling constant via the renormalization group equation should be absorbed into the coupling constant, and those $\{\beta_i\}$-terms that pertain to the quark mass renormalization and etc. Read More

In our previous work [2], it has been found that sizable charmonium events via the channel $e^+e^- \to \gamma^*/Z^0 \to H(|c\bar{c}\rangle) +\gamma$ can be produced at the suggested super $Z$ factory, where $H(|c\bar{c}\rangle)$ represents the dominant color-singlet $S$-wave and $P$-wave charmonium states $J/\psi$, $\eta_c$, $h_c$ and $\chi_{cJ}$ ($J=0, 1, 2$), respectively. As an important step forward, in the present paper, we present a next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD analysis within the framework of nonrelativistic QCD. In different to the case of $B$ factory in which the single charmonium production is dominated by the channel via a virtual photon, at the super $Z$ factory, its cross-section is dominated by the channel via a $Z^0$ boson. Read More

The principle of maximum conformality (PMC) has been suggested to eliminate the renormalization scheme and renormalization scale uncertainties, which are unavoidable for the conventional scale setting and are usually important errors for theoretical estimations. In this paper, by applying PMC scale setting, we analyze two important inclusive Standard Model Higgs decay channels, $H\rightarrow b\bar{b}$ and $H\rightarrow gg$, up to four-loop and three-loop levels accordingly. After PMC scale setting, it is found that the conventional scale uncertainty for these two channels can be eliminated to a high degree. Read More

Spherical Janus particles are one of the most prominent examples for active Brownian objects. Here, we study the diffusiophoretic motion of such microswimmers in experiment and in theory. Three stages are found: simple Brownian motion at short times, super-diffusion at intermediate times, and finally diffusive behavior again at long times. Read More

We apply the principle of maximum conformality (PMC) to the Balitsky-Fadin-Kuraev-Lipatov (BFKL) Pomeron intercept at the next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) accuracy. The PMC eliminates the conventional renormalization scale ambiguity by absorbing the non-conformal $\{\beta_i\}$-terms into the running coupling, and a more accurate pQCD estimation can be obtained. After PMC scale setting, the QCD perturbative convergence can be greatly improved due to the elimination of renormalon terms in pQCD series, and the BFKL Pomeron intercept has a weak dependence on the virtuality of the reggeized gluon. Read More

Under the conventional scale setting, the renormalization scale uncertainty usually constitutes a systematic error for a fixed-order perturbative QCD estimation. The recently suggested principle of maximum conformality (PMC) provides a principle to eliminate such scale ambiguity in a step-by-step way. Using the PMC, all non-conformal terms in perturbative expansion series are summed into the running coupling, and one obtains a unique, scale-fixed, scheme-independent prediction at any finite order. Read More

Within the framework of nonrelativistic QCD, we make a detailed discussion on the doubly heavy baryon production through the $e^+ e^-$ annihilation channel, $e^{+}e^{-}\rightarrow\gamma/Z^0 \rightarrow \Xi_{QQ^{\prime}} +\bar{Q} +\bar{Q^{\prime}}$, at a high luminosity $e^{+}e^{-}$ collider. Here $Q^{(\prime)}$ stands for the heavy $b$ or $c$ quark. In addition to the channel through the usually considered diquark state $(QQ^{\prime})[^3S_1]_{\bf\bar{3}}$, contributions from the channels through other same important diquark states such as $(QQ^{\prime})[^1S_0]_{\bf 6}$ have also been discussed. Read More

Let P be a locally finite disk pattern on the complex plane C whose combinatorics are described by the one-skeleton G of a triangulation of the open topological disk and whose dihedral angles are equal to a function \Theta:E\to [0,\pi/2] on the set of edges. Let P^* be a combinatorially equivalent disk pattern on the plane with the same dihedral angle function. We show that P and P^* differ only by a euclidean similarity. Read More

A physically natural potential energy for simple closed curves in $\bold R^3$ is shown to be invariant under M\"obius transformations. This leads to the rapid resolution of several open problems: round circles are precisely the absolute minima for energy; there is a minimum energy threshold below which knotting cannot occur; minimizers within prime knot types exist and are regular. Finally, the number of knot types with energy less than any constant $M$ is estimated. Read More