Xiao Zheng

Xiao Zheng
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Xiao Zheng
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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (21)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (13)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (9)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (8)
 
Quantum Physics (7)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (5)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (4)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (4)
 
Nuclear Theory (3)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (3)
 
Physics - Materials Science (3)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Physics - Other (1)

Publications Authored By Xiao Zheng

In this paper, we have compared two different accretion mechanisms of dark matter particles by a canonical neutron star with $M=1.4~M_{\odot}$ and $R=10~{\rm km}$, and shown the effects of dark matter heating on the surface temperature of star. We should take into account the Bondi accretion of dark matter by neutron stars rather than the accretion mechanism of Kouvaris (2008) \citep{Kouvaris08}, once the dark matter density is higher than $\sim3. Read More

Based on mixedness definition as M=1-tr(\r{ho}^2), we obtain a new variance-based uncertainty equality along with an inequality for Hermitian operators of a single-qubit system. The obtained uncertainty equality can be used as a measure of the system mixedness. A qubit system with feedback control is also exploited to demonstrate the new uncertainty. Read More

Newly born massive magnetars are generally considered to be produced by binary neutron star (NS) mergers, which could give rise to short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs). The strong magnetic fields and fast rotation of these magnetars make them promising sources for gravitational wave (GW) detection using ground based GW interferometers. Based on the observed masses of Galactic NS-NS binaries, by assuming different equations of state (EOSs) of dense matter, we investigate the stochastic gravitational wave background (SGWB) produced by an ensemble of newly born massive magnetars. Read More

Since a large population of massive O/B stars and putative neutron stars (NSs) located in the vicinity of the Galactic center (GC), intermediate-mass X-ray binaries (IMXBs) constituted by a NS and a B-type star probably exist here. We investigate the evolutions of accreting NSs in IMXBs (similar to M82 X-2) with a $\sim5.2M_\odot$ companion, and orbit period $\simeq2. Read More

The effect of the quantum feedback on the tightness of the variance-based uncertainty, the possibility of using quantum feedback to prepare the state with a better tightness, and the relationship between the tightness of the uncertainty and the mixedness of the system are studied. It is found that the tightness of Schrodinger-Robertson uncertainty (SUR) relation has a strict liner relationship with the mixedness of the system. As for the Robertson uncertainty relation (RUR), we find that the tightness can be enhanced by tuning the feedback at the beginning of the evolution. Read More

The effects of mixedness and entanglement on the lower bound and tightness of the entropic uncertainty in the Heisenberg model with Dzyaloshinski-Moriya (DM) interaction have been investigated. It is found that the mixedness can reflect the essence of the entropic uncertainty better than the entanglement. Meanwhile, the uncertainty of measurement results will be reduced by the entanglement and improved by the mixedness. Read More

Measuring the local temperature of nanoscale systems out of equilibrium has emerged as a new tool to study local heating effects and other local thermal properties of systems driven by external fields. Although various experimental protocols and theoretical definitions have been proposed to determine the local temperature, the thermodynamic meaning of the measured or defined quantities remains unclear. By performing analytical and numerical analysis of bias-driven quantum dot systems both in the noninteracting and strongly-correlated regimes, we elucidate the underlying physical meaning of local temperature as determined by two definitions: the zero-current condition that is widely used but not measurable, and the minimal-perturbation condition that is experimentally realizable. Read More

We have constrained the charge-mass ($\varepsilon-m$) phase space of millicharged particles through the simulation of the rotational evolution of neutron stars, where an extra slow-down effect due to the accretions of millicharged dark matter particles is considered. For a canonical neutron star of $M=1.4~M_{\odot}$ and $R=10~{\rm km}$ with typical magnetic field strength $B_{0}=10^{12}$ G, we have shown an upper limit of millicharged particles, which is compatible with recently experimental and observational bounds. Read More

Newly born magnetars are promising sources for gravitational wave (GW) detection due to their ultra-strong magnetic fields and high spin frequencies. Within the scenario of a growing tilt angle between the star's spin and magnetic axis, due to the effect of internal viscosity, we obtain improved estimates of the stochastic gravitational wave backgrounds (SGWBs) from magnetic deformation of newly born magnetars. We find that the GW background spectra contributed by the magnetars with ultra-strong toroidal magnetic fields of 10^{17} G could roughly be divided into four segments. Read More

Nonlinearity in macroscopic mechanical system plays a crucial role in a wide variety of applications, including signal transduction and processing, synchronization, and building logical devices. However, it is difficult to generate nonlinearity due to the fact that macroscopic mechanical systems follow the Hooke's law and response linearly to external force, unless strong drive is used. Here we propose and experimentally realize a record-high nonlinear response in macroscopic mechanical system by exploring the anharmonicity in deforming a single chemical bond. Read More

Probes that measure the local thermal properties of systems out of equilibrium are emerging as new tools in the study of nanoscale systems. One can then measure the temperature of a probe that is weakly coupled to a bias-driven system. By tuning the probe temperature so that the expectation value of some observable of the system is minimally perturbed, one obtains a parameter that measures its degree of local statistical excitation, and hence its local heating. Read More

Based on the complex absorbing potential (CAP) method, a Lorentzian expansion scheme is developed to express the self-energy. The CAP-based Lorentzian expansion of self-energy is employed to solve efficiently the Liouville-von Neumann equation of one-electron density matrix. The resulting method is applicable for both tight-binding and first-principles models, and is used to simulate the transient currents through graphene nanoribbons and a benzene molecule sandwiched between two carbon-atom-chains. Read More

Using a variational Monte Carlo method, we investigate the nematic state in iron-base superconductors based on a three-band Hubbard model. Our results demonstrate that the nematic state, formed by introducing an anisotropic hopping order into the projected wave function, can arise in the underdoped regime when a realistic off-site Coulomb interaction $V$ is considered. {\color {red} We demonstrate that the off-site Coulomb interaction $V$, which is neglected so far in the analysis of iron-base superconductors, make a dominant contribution to the stabilization of nematic state. Read More

We propose a novel beam model for radio pulsars based on the scenario that the broadband and coherent emission from secondary relativistic particles, as they move along a flux tube in a dipolar magnetic field, forms a radially extended sub-beam with unique properties. The whole radio beam may consist of several sub-beams, forming a fan-shaped pattern. When only one or a few flux tubes are active, the fan beam becomes very patchy. Read More

Using a realistic equation of state (EOS) of strange quark matter, namely, the modified bag model, and considering the constraints to the parameters of EOS by the observational mass limit of neutron stars, we study the r-mode instability window of strange stars, and find the same result as the brief study of Haskell, Degenaar and Ho in 2012 that these instability windows are not consistent with the spin frequency and temperature observations of neutron stars in LMXBs. Read More

The electronic structure and magnetism of LiFeO$_{2}$Fe$_{2}$Se$_{2}$ are investigated using the first-principle calculations. The ground state is N$\acute{e}$el antiferromagnetic (AFM) Mott insulating state for Fe1 with localized magnetism in LiFeO$_{2}$ layer and striped AFM metallic state for Fe2 with itinerant magnetism in Fe$_{2}$Se$_{2}$ layer, accompanied with a weak interlayer AFM coupling between Fe1 and Fe2 ions, resulting in a coexistence of localized and itinerant magnetism. Moreover, the layered LiFeO$_{2}$ is found to be more than an insulating block layer but responsible for enhanced AFM correlation in Fe$_{2}$Se$_{2}$ layer through the interlayer magnetic coupling. Read More

We consider how the occurrence of first-order phase transitions in non-constant pressure differs from those at constant pressure. The former has shown the non-linear phase structure of mixed matter, which implies a particle number dependence of the binding energies of the two species. If the mixed matter is mixed hadron-quark phase, nucleon outgoing from hadronic phase and ingoing to quark phase probably reduces the system to a non-equilibrium state, in other words, there exists the imbalance of the two phases when deconfinement takes place. Read More

A nonperturbative quantum impurity solver is proposed based on a formally exact hierarchical equations of motion (HEOM) formalism for open quantum systems. It leads to quantitatively accurate evaluation of physical properties of strongly correlated electronic systems, in the framework of dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT). The HEOM method is also numerically convenient to achieve the same level of accuracy as that using the state-of-the-art numerical renormalization group impurity solver at finite temperatures. Read More

The real-time electronic dynamics on material surfaces is critically important to a variety of applications. However, their simulations have remained challenging for conventional methods such as the time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) for isolated and periodic systems. By extending the applicability of TDDFT to systems with open boundaries, we achieve accurate atomistic simulations of real-time electronic response to local perturbations on material surfaces. Read More

The observing signals from pulsar are always influenced by the interstellar medium (ISM) scattering. In the lower frequency observation, the intensity profiles are broadened and the plane of polarization angle (PPA) curves are flattened by the scattering effect of the ISM. So before we analyze the scattered signal, we should take a proper approach to clear scattering effect from it. Read More

The thermopower of few-electron quantum dots with Kondo correlations is investigated via a hierarchial equations of motion approach. The thermopower is determined by the line shape of spectral function within a narrow energy window defined by temperature. Based on calculations and analyses on single-level and two-level Anderson impurity models, the underlying relations between thermopower and various types of electron correlations are elaborated. Read More

We present a first-principles study on the spin denpendent conductance of five single-atom magnetic junctions consisting of a magnetic tip and an adatom adsorbed on a magnetic surface, i.e., the Co-Co/Co(001) and Ni-X/Ni(001) (X=Fe, Co, Ni, Cu) junctions. Read More

We propose a quasi-particle description for the hierarchical equations of motion formalism for quantum dissipative dynamics systems. Not only it provides an alternative mathematical means to the existing formalism, the new protocol clarifies also explicitly the physical meanings of the auxiliary density operators and their relations to full statistics on solvation bath variables. Combining with the standard linear response theory, we construct further the hierarchical dynamics formalism for correlated spectrum of system--bath coherence. Read More

The thermal evolution of strange stars in both normal and color-flavor-locked (CFL) phases are investigated together with the evolutions of the stellar rotation and the r-mode instability. The heating effects due to the deconfinement transition of the stellar crust and the dissipation of the r-modes are considered. As a result, the cooling of the stars in the normal phase is found to be not very different from the standard one. Read More

We investigate the real-time current response of strongly-correlated quantum dot systems under sinusoidal driving voltages. By means of an accurate hierarchical equations of motion approach, we demonstrate the presence of prominent memory effects induced by the Kondo resonance on the real-time current response. These memory effects appear as distinctive hysteresis line shapes and self-crossing features in the dynamic current-voltage characteristics, with concomitant excitation of odd-number overtones. Read More

Time-dependent quantum transport for graphene nanoribbons (GNR) are calculated by the hierarchical equation of motion (HEOM) method based on the nonequilibrium Green's function (NEGF) theory (Xie et.al, J. Chem. Read More

We propose a hierarchical dynamics approach for evaluation of nonequilibrium dynamic response properties of quantum impurity systems. It is based on a hierarchical equations of motion formalism, in conjunction with a linear response theory established in the hierarchical Liouville space. This provides an accurate and universal tool for characterization of arbitrary response and correlation functions of local impurities, as well as transport related response properties. Read More

We perform a variational Monte Carlo study on spontaneous d-wave form Fermi surface deformation ($d$FSD) within the three-band Hubbard model. It is found that the variational energy of a projected Fermi sea is lowered by introducing an anisotropy between the hopping integrals along the x and y directions. Our results show that the $d$FSD state has the strongest tendency at half-filling in the absence of magnetism, and disappears as the hole concentration increases to $n_h\approx 1. Read More

There had been consensus on what the accurate ac quantum transport theory was until some recent works challenged the conventional wisdom. Basing on the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism for time-dependent quantum transport, we derive an expression for the dynamic admittance that satisfies gauge invariance and current continuity, and clarify the key concept in the field. The validity of our now formalism is verified by first-principles calculation of the transient current through a carbon-nanotube-based device under the time-dependent bias voltage. Read More

In this paper we investigate the electronic and magnetic properties of K$_{x}$Fe$_{2-y}$Se$_{2}$ materials at different band fillings utilizing the multi-orbital Kotliar-Ruckenstein's slave-boson mean field approach. We find that at three-quarter filling, corresponding to KFe$_{2}$Se$_{2}$, the ground state is a paramagnetic bad metal. Through band renormalization analysis and comparison with the angle-resolved photoemission spectra data, we identify that KFe$_{2}$Se$_{2}$ is also an intermediate correlated system, similar to iron-pnictide systems. Read More

A hierarchical equations of motion (HEOM) based numerical approach is developed for accurate and efficient evaluation of dynamical observables of strongly correlated quantum impurity systems. This approach is capable of describing quantitatively Kondo resonance and Fermi liquid characteristics, achieving the accuracy of latest high-level numerical renormalization group approach, as demonstrated on single-impurity Anderson model systems. Its application to a two-impurity Anderson model results in differential conductance versus external bias, which correctly reproduces the continuous transition from Kondo states of individual impurity to singlet spin-states formed between two impurities. Read More

Interstellar scattering causes broadening and distortion to the mean pulse profiles and polarization position angle (PPA) curves, especially to the pulse profiles observed at lower frequency. This paper has implemented a method to recover the pulse profiles and the PPA curves of five pulsars which have obvious scattered pulse profiles at lower frequency. It reports a simulation to show the scattering and descattering of pulse profiles and PPA curves. Read More

As a neutron star spins down, its core density increase, changing the relative equilibrium concentration, and causing deconfinement phase transition as well. hadron matter are converted into quark matter in the interior, which enhances the deviation of chemical equilibrium state. We study such deviations and its chemical energy release. Read More

We proposed alternative explanation to the rapid cooling of neutron star in Cas A. It is suggested that the star is experiencing the recovery period following the r-mode heating process,assuming the star is differentially rotating. Like the neutron-superfluidity-triggering model, our model predicts the rapid cooling will continue for several decades. Read More

To explore whether the density-functional theory non-equilibrium Green's function formalism (DFT-NEGF) provides a rigorous framework for quantum transport, we carried out time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) calculations of the transient current through two realistic molecular devices, a carbon chain and a benzenediol molecule inbetween two aluminum electrodes. The TDDFT simulations for the steady state current exactly reproduce the results of fully self-consistent DFT-NEGF calculations even beyond linear response. In contrast, sizable differences are found with respect to an equilibrium, non-self-consistent treatment which are related here to differences in the Kohn-Sham and fully interacting susceptibility of the device region. Read More

The accumulation of {\it Swift} observed gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) gradually makes it possible to directly derive a GRB luminosity function (LF) from observational luminosity distribution, where however two complexities must be involved as (i) the evolving connection between GRB rate and cosmic star formation rate and (ii) observational selection effects due to telescope thresholds and redshift measurements. With a phenomenological investigation on these two complexities, we constrain and discriminate two popular competitive LF models (i.e. Read More

The thermodynamic and kinetic properties of hydrogen adatoms on graphene are important to the materials and devices based on hydrogenated graphene. Hydrogen dimers on graphene with coverages varying from 0.040 to 0. Read More

The thermodynamic, kinetic and magnetic properties of the hydrogen monomer on doped graphene layers were studied by ab initio simulations. Electron doping was found to heighten the diffusion potential barrier, while hole doping lowers it. However, both kinds of dopings heighten the desorption potential barrier. Read More

The deconfinement phase transition which happens in the interior of neutron stars are investigated. Coupled with the spin evolution of the stars, the effect of entropy production and deconfinement heat generation during the deconfinement phase transition in the mixed phase of the neutron stars are discussed. The entropy production of deconfinement phase transition can be act as a signature of phase transition, but less important and does not significantly change the thermal evolution of neutron stars. Read More

The authors try to probe the inner components of rapidly rotating compact stars such as the millisecond pulsar SAX J1808.4-3658 and the possible sub-millisecond pulsar XTE J1739-285 in their own way by comparing the genuine rotation frequencies under different theoretical models with the observational data, which may exert more stringent constraint on matter composition of compact stars. According to their treatment, the SAX J1808. Read More

The radiative viscosity of superfluid $npe$ matter is studied, and it is found that to the lowest order of $\delta \mu/T$ the ratio of radiative viscosity to bulk viscosity is the same as that of the normal matter. Read More

We investigate the influence of nucleon superfluidity on the neutrino emissivity of non-equilibrium beta processes. Calculations are performed of the reduction factors for direct and modified Urca processes with three types of nucleon superfluidity in $npe$ matter. The numerical results are given since the analytical solution is impossible. Read More

The thermal evolution of neutron stars (NSs) is investigated by coupling with the evolution of $\textit{r}$-mode instability that is described by a second order model.The heating effect due to shear viscous damping of the $\textit{r}$-modes enables us to understand the high temperature of two young pulsars (i.e. Read More

We study non-linear effects of radiative viscosity of $npe$ matter in neutron stars for both direct Urca process and modified Urca process, and find that non-linear effects will decrease the ratio of radiative viscosity to bulk viscosity from 1.5 to 0.5 (for direct Urca process) and 0. Read More

The internal-plateau X-ray emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) indicates that a newly born magnetar could be the central object of some GRBs. The observed luminosity and duration of the plateaus suggest that, for such a magnetar, a rapid spin with a sub- or millisecond period is sometimes able to last thousands of seconds. In this case, the conventional neutron star (NS) model for the magnetar may be challenged, since the rapid spin of nascent NSs would be remarkably decelerated within hundreds of seconds due to r-mode instability. Read More

In a second-order r-mode theory, S'a & Tom'e found that the r-mode oscillation in neutron stars (NSs) could induce stellar differential rotation, which leads to a saturation state of the oscillation spontaneously. Based on a consideration of the coupling of the r-modes and the stellar spin and thermal evolutions, we carefully investigate the influences of the r-mode-induced differential rotation on the long-term evolutions of isolated NSs and NSs in low-mass X-ray binaries, where the viscous damping of the r-modes and its resultant effects are taken into account. The numerical results show that, for both kinds of NSs, the differential rotation can prolong the duration of the r-mode saturation state significantly. Read More

We investigate transient dynamic response of an Anderson impurity quantum dot to a family of ramp-up driving voltage applied to the single coupling lead. Transient current is calculated based on a hierarchical equations of motion formalism for open dissipative systems [J. Chem. Read More

We present a comprehensive theoretical investigation on the dynamic electronic response of a noninteracting quantum dot system to various forms of time-dependent voltage applied to the single contact lead. Numerical simulations are carried out by implementing a recently developed hierarchical equations of motion formalism [J. Chem. Read More

We apply our first-principles method to simulate the transient electrical response through carbon nanotube based conductors under time-dependent bias voltages, and report the dynamic conductance for a specific system. We find that the electrical response of the carbon nanotube device can be mapped onto an equivalent classical electric circuit. This is confirmed by studying the electric response of a simple model system and its equivalent circuit. Read More