Xiang Zhan

Xiang Zhan
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Xiang Zhan

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Quantum Physics (13)

Publications Authored By Xiang Zhan

Network centrality has important implications well beyond its role in physical and information transport analysis; as such, various quantum walk-based algorithms have been proposed for measuring network vertex centrality. In this work, we propose a continuous-time quantum walk algorithm for determining vertex centrality, and show that it generalizes to arbitrary graphs via a statistical analysis of randomly generated scale-free and Erd\H{o}s-R\'enyi networks. As a proof of concept, the algorithm is detailed on a 4-vertex star graph and physically implemented via linear optics, using spatial and polarization degrees of freedoms of single photons. Read More

Testing quantum theory on macroscopic scales is a longstanding challenge that might help to revolutionise physics. For example, laboratory tests (such as those anticipated in nanomechanical or biological systems) may look to rule out macroscopic realism: the idea that the properties of macroscopic objects exist objectively and can be non-invasively measured. Such investigations are likely to suffer from i) stringent experimental requirements, ii) marginal statistical significance and iii) logical loopholes. Read More

The Leggett-Garg inequalities hold under the assumptions of macrorealism but can be violated by quantum mechanics. The degree to which quantum systems can violate these inequalities, however, is bounded. In particular, if the measurements on the system are genuinely dichotomic, the bound for these temporal inequalities is the same as Tsirelson bound for the relevant spatial Bell inequality. Read More

The Heisenberg-Robertson uncertainty relation quantitatively expresses the impossibility of jointly sharp preparation of incompatible observables. However it does not capture the concept of incompatible observables because it can be trivial even for two incompatible observables. We experimentally demonstrate the new stronger uncertainty relations proposed by Maccone and Pati [Phys. Read More

We demonstrate a quantum walk with time-dependent coin bias. With this technique we realize an experimental single-photon one-dimensional quantum walk with a linearly-ramped time-dependent coin flip operation and thereby demonstrate two periodic revivals of the walker distribution. In our beam-displacer interferometer, the walk corresponds to movement between discretely separated transverse modes of the field serving as lattice sites, and the time-dependent coin flip is effected by implementing a different angle between the optical axis of half-wave plate and the light propagation at each step. Read More

Is a violation of Kochen-Specker (KS) non-contextuality inequality a tight bound to rule out the non-contextual hidden variable theory? A test designed by Liang, Spekkens and Wiseman (LSW) provides a more stringent bound and a violation of a generalized non-contextuality inequality such as LSW inequality rules out more generalized non-contextual models including the traditional KS non-contextual models. It is proven that three unsharp binary qubit measurements are enough to violate LSW inequality in a state-dependent manner. We show such measurements can be implemented through joint positive operator-valued measures (POVMs) of noisy spin-1/2 observables and report an experimental realization of the joint POVMs on photonic qubits. Read More

We perform generalized measurements of a qubit by realizing the qubit as a coin in a photonic quantum walk and subjecting the walker to projective measurements. Our experimental technique can be used to realize photonically any rank-1 single-qubit positive operator-valued measure via constructing an appropriate interferometric quantum-walk network and then projectively measuring the walker's position at the final step. Read More

Symmetric informationally complete positive operator-valued measurement (SIC-POVM) is one important class of quantum measurement which is crucial for various quantum information processing tasks. SIC-POVMs have the advantage of providing an unbiased estimator for quantum states with the minimal number of outcomes needed for full tomography. We present an experimental approach on a photonic quantum walk which can be used to implement SIC-POVMs on a single-qbubit. Read More

Though quantum algorithm acts as an important role in quantum computation science, not only for providing a great vision for solving classically unsolvable problems, but also due to the fact that it gives a potential way of understanding quantum physics, the origin of the power of quantum algorithm is still an open question. Non-classical correlation is regarded as the most possible answer for the open question. However we experimentally realize a quantum speed-up algorithm on four-level system with linear optical elements and prove that even a single qudit is enough for designing an oracle-based algorithm which can solve a model problem twice faster than any classical algorithm. Read More

We demonstrate an implementation of unambiguous state discrimination of two equally probable single-qubit states via a one-dimensional photonic quantum walk experimentally. Furthermore we experimentally realize a quantum walk algorithm for implementing a generalized measurement in terms of positive operator value measurement on a single qubit. The measurement of the single-photons' positions corresponds to a measurement of an element of the positive operator value measurement on the polarizations of the single-photons. Read More

We implement a quantum walk in phase space with a new mechanism based on the superconducting resonator-assisted double quantum dots. By analyzing the hybrid system, we obtain the necessary factors of realization of a quantum walk in phase space: the walker, coin, coin flipping and conditional phase shift. In order to implement the coin flipping operator, we add a driving field to the resonator. Read More

We show a perfect state transfer of an arbitrary unknown two-qubit state can be achieved via a discrete-time quantum walk with various settings of coin flippings, and extend this method to distribution of an arbitrary unknown multi-qubit entangled state between every pair of sites in the multi-dimensional network. Furthermore, we study the routing of quantum information on this network in a quantum walk architecture, which can be used as quantum information processors to communicate between separated qubits. Read More

We introduce and analyze a one-dimensional quantum walk with two time-independent rotations on the coin. We study the influence on the property of quantum walk due to the second rotation on the coin. Based on the asymptotic solution in the long time limit, a ballistic behaviour of this walk is observed. Read More