# Xi Liu - HZNU

## Contact Details

NameXi Liu |
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AffiliationHZNU |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesComputer Science - Information Theory (9) Mathematics - Information Theory (9) Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (7) Astrophysics (4) Physics - Atomic Physics (4) Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (3) Statistics - Machine Learning (3) Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (3) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2) Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2) Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (2) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (2) Statistics - Methodology (1) Physics - Materials Science (1) Physics - Physics and Society (1) Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1) Computer Science - Performance (1) Computer Science - Learning (1) |

## Publications Authored By Xi Liu

We propose an intuitive method, called time-dependent population imaging (TDPI), to map the dynamical processes of high harmonic generation (HHG) in solids by solving the time-dependent Schr\"{o}dinger equation (TDSE). It is shown that the real-time dynamical characteristics of HHG in solids, such as the instantaneous photon energies of emitted harmonics, can be read directly from the energy-resolved population oscillations of electrons in the TDPIs. Meanwhile, the short and long trajectories of solid HHG are illustrated clearly from TDPI. Read More

Recently manifold learning algorithm for dimensionality reduction attracts more and more interests, and various linear and nonlinear, global and local algorithms are proposed. The key step of manifold learning algorithm is the neighboring region selection. However, so far for the references we know, few of which propose a generally accepted algorithm to well select the neighboring region. Read More

The emerging connected-vehicle technology provides a new dimension in developing more intelligent traffic control algorithms for signalized intersections in networked transportation systems. An important challenge for the scheduling problem in networked transportation systems is the switch-over delay caused by the guard time before any traffic signal change. The switch-over delay can result in significant loss of system capacity and hence needs to be accommodated in the scheduling design. Read More

We study the scheduling polices for asymptotically optimal delay in queueing systems with switching overhead. Such systems consist of a single server that serves multiple queues, and some capacity is lost whenever the server switches to serve a different set of queues. The capacity loss due to this switching overhead can be significant in many emerging applications, and needs to be explicitly addressed in the design of scheduling policies. Read More

During the last decades, the number of new full-reference image quality assessment algorithms has been increasing drastically. Yet, despite of the remarkable progress that has been made, the medical ultrasound image similarity measurement remains largely unsolved due to a high level of speckle noise contamination. Potential applications of the ultrasound image similarity measurement seem evident in several aspects. Read More

We investigate the polarization properties of high harmonics generated with the bichromatic counterrotating circularly polarized (BCCP) laser fields by numerically solving time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation (TDSE). It is found that, the helicity of the elliptically polarized harmonic emission is reversed at particular harmonic orders. Based on the time-frequency analysis and the classical three-step model, the correspondence between the positions of helicity reversions and the classical trajectories of continuum electrons is established. Read More

The unscented transformation (UT) is an efficient method to solve the state estimation problem for a non-linear dynamic system, utilizing a derivative-free higher-order approximation by approximating a Gaussian distribution rather than approximating a non-linear function. Applying the UT to a Kalman filter type estimator leads to the well-known unscented Kalman filter (UKF). Although the UKF works very well in Gaussian noises, its performance may deteriorate significantly when the noises are non-Gaussian, especially when the system is disturbed by some heavy-tailed impulsive noises. Read More

The selection rules of high harmonic generation (HHG) are investigated using three-dimensional time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT). From the harmonic spectra obtained with various real molecules and different forms of laser fields, several factors that contribute to selection rules are revealed. Extending the targets to stereoscopic molecules, it is shown that the allowed harmonics are dependent on the symmetries of the projections of molecules. Read More

We use the evolutionary population synthesis method to investigate the statistical properties of the wind-fed neutron star (NS) compact ($P_{\rm orb}<10$ days) high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs) in our Galaxy, based on different spin-down models. We find that the spin-down rate in the supersonic propeller phase given \textbf{by assuming that the surrounding material is treated as forming a quasi-static atmosphere} or \textbf{by assuming that the characteristic velocity of matter and the typical Alfv$\acute{e}$n velocity of material in the magnetospheric boundary layer are comparable to the sound speed in the external medium} is too low to produce the observed number of compact HMXBs. We also find that the models suggested \textbf{by assuming that the infalling material is ejected with the corotation velocity at the magnetospheric radius when the magnetospheric radius is larger than the corotation radius} and \textbf{by simple integration of the magnetic torque over the magnetosphere} with a larger spin-down rate than that given by \citet{dav81} or \citet{is75} can predict a reasonable number of observed wind-fed NS compact HMXBs. Read More

We theoretically demonstrate the quenching effect in below-threshold high harmonic generation (HHG) by using the time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) and solving the time-dependent Schr\"{o}dinger equation (TDSE). It is shown that the HHG is substantially suppressed in particular harmonic orders in the below-threshold region when multi-electron interaction comes into play. The position of the suppression is determined by the energy gap between the highest occupied orbital and the higher-lying orbital of the target. Read More

Multi-resource fair allocation has beena hot topic of resource allocation. Most recently, a dynamic dominant resource fairness (DRF) mechanism is proposed for dynamic multi-resource fair allocation. In this paper, we prove that the competitive ratio of the dynamic DRF mechanism is the reciprocal of the number of resource types, for two different objectives. Read More

Traditional Kalman filter (KF) is derived under the well-known minimum mean square error (MMSE) criterion, which is optimal under Gaussian assumption. However, when the signals are non-Gaussian, especially when the system is disturbed by some heavy-tailed impulsive noises, the performance of KF will deteriorate seriously. To improve the robustness of KF against impulsive noises, we propose in this work a new Kalman filter, called the maximum correntropy Kalman filter (MCKF), which adopts the robust maximum correntropy criterion (MCC) as the optimality criterion, instead of using the MMSE. Read More

In this paper, we design an efficient algorithm for the energy-aware profit maximizing scheduling problem, where the high performance computing system administrator is to maximize the profit per unit time. The running time of the proposed algorithm is depending on the number of task types, while the running time of the previous algorithm is depending on the number of tasks. Moreover, we prove that the worst-case performance ratio is close to 2, which maybe the best result. Read More

The nonlocal symmetry of the generalized fifth order KdV equation (FOKdV) is first obtained by using the related Lax pair and then localized in a new enlarged system by introducing some new variables. On this basis, new Backlund transformation is obtained through Lie's first theorem. Furthermore, the general form of Lie point symmetry for the enlarged FOKdV system is found and new interaction solutions for the FOKdV equation are explored by using classical symmetry reduction method. Read More

Dominant resource fairness (DRF) is a popular mechanism for multi-resource allocation in cloud computing systems. In this paper, we consider a problem of multi-resource fair allocation with bounded number of tasks. Firstly, we propose the lexicographically max-min normalized share (LMMNS) fair allocation mechanism, which is a natural generalization of DRF, and design a non-trivial optimal algorithm to find a LMMNS fair allocation, whose running time is linear in the number of users. Read More

The novel coupling Ito systems are obtained with the dark parameterization approach. By solving the coupling equations, the traveling wave solutions are constructed with the mapping and deformation method. Some novel types of exact solutions are constructed with the solutions and symmetries of the usual Ito equation. Read More

The N=1 supersymmetric modified Korteweg-de Vries (SmKdV) system is transformed to a system of coupled bosonic equations with the bosonization approach. The bosonized SmKdV (BSmKdV) passes the Painlev\'{e} test and allows a set of B\"{a}cklund transformation (BT) by truncating the series expansions of the solutions about the singularity manifold. The traveling wave solutions of the BSmKdV system are obtained using the mapping and deformation method. Read More

In this paper, we obtained the non-local residual symmetry related to truncated Painlev\'e expansion of Burgers equation. In order to localize the residual symmetry, we introduced new variables to prolong the original Burgers equation into a new system. By using Lie's first theorem, we got the finite transformation for the localized residual symmetry. Read More

The residual symmetry coming from truncated Painleve expansion of KP equation is nonlocal, which is localized in this paper by introducing multiple new dependent variables. By using the standard Lie group approach, the symmetry reduction solutions for KP equation is obtained based on the general form of Lie point symmetry for the prolonged system. In this way, the interaction solutions between solitons and background waves is obtained, which is hard to study by other traditional methods. Read More

The Backlund transformation related symmetry is nonlocal, which is hardly to apply in constructing solutions for nonlinear equations. In this paper, we first localize nonlocal residual symmetry to Lie point symmetry by introducing multiple new variables and obtain new Baaklund transformation. Then, by solving out the general form of localized the residual symmetry, we reduce the enlarged system by classical symmetry approach and obtain the corresponding reduction solutions as well as related reduction equations. Read More

Detecting regional spatial structures based on spatial interactions is crucial in applications ranging from urban planning to traffic control. In the big data era, various movement trajectories are available for studying spatial structures. This research uses large scale Shanghai taxi trip data extracted from GPS-enabled taxi trajectories to reveal traffic flow patterns and urban structure of the city. Read More

The (2+1)-dimensional Burgers equation has been investigated first from prospective of symmetry by localizing the nonlocal residual symmetries and then studied by a simple generalized tanh expansion method. New symmetry reduction solutions has been obtained by using the standard Lie point symmetry group approach. A new B\"{a}klund transformation for Burgers equation has been given with the generalized tanh expansion method . Read More

This work considers communication over Gaussian interference channels with processing energy cost, which explicitly takes into account the energy expended for processing when transmitters are on. In the presence of processing energy cost, transmitting all the time as in the conventional no-cost case is no longer optimal. For a two-user Gaussian interference channel with processing energy cost, assuming that the on-off states of transmitters are not utilized for signaling, several transmission schemes with varying complexities are proposed and their sum rates are compared with an interference-free upper bound. Read More

This paper considers the problem of lossy compression for the computation of a function of two correlated sources, both of which are observed at the encoder. Due to presence of observation costs, the encoder is allowed to observe only subsets of the samples from both sources, with a fraction of such sample pairs possibly overlapping. The rate-distortion function is characterized for memory-less sources, and then specialized to Gaussian and binary sources for selected functions and with quadratic and Hamming distortion metrics, respectively. Read More

Energy efficiency is a key requirement in the design of wireless sensor networks. While most theoretical studies only account for the energy requirements of communication, the sensing process, which includes measurements and compression, can also consume comparable energy. In this paper, the problem of sensing and communicating parallel sources is studied by accounting for the cost of both communication and sensing. Read More

This work considers a Gaussian interference channel with processing energy cost, which explicitly takes into account the energy expended for processing when each transmitter is on. With processing overhead, bursty transmission at each transmitter generally becomes more advantageous. Assuming on-off states do not carry information, for a two-user Z-interference channel, the new regime of very strong interference is identified and shown to be enlarged compared with the conventional one. Read More

An efficient scheme to compute the geometric entanglement per lattice site for quantum many-body systems on a periodic finite-size chain is proposed in the context of a tensor network algorithm based on the matrix product state representations. It is systematically tested for three prototypical critical quantum spin chains, which belong to the same Ising universality class. The simulation results lend strong support to the previous claim [Q. Read More

In this work a four terminal complex Gaussian network composed of a source, a destination, an eavesdropper and a jammer relay is studied under two different set of assumptions: (i) The jammer relay does not hear the source transmission, and (ii) The jammer relay is causally given the source message. In both cases the jammer relay assists the eavesdropper and aims to decrease the achievable secrecy rates. The source, on the other hand, aims to increase it. Read More

This work considers coordination and bargaining between two selfish users over a Gaussian interference channel. The usual information theoretic approach assumes full cooperation among users for codebook and rate selection. In the scenario investigated here, each user is willing to coordinate its actions only when an incentive exists and benefits of cooperation are fairly allocated. Read More

This paper tackles the problem of how two selfish users jointly determine the operating point in the achievable rate region of a two-user Gaussian interference channel through bargaining. In previous work, incentive conditions for two users to cooperate using a simple version of Han-Kobayashi scheme was studied and the Nash bargaining solution (NBS) was used to obtain a fair operating point. Here a noncooperative bargaining game of alternating offers is adopted to model the bargaining process and rates resulting from the equilibrium outcome are analyzed. Read More

Binary radio pulsars are generally believed to have been spun up to millisecond periods (i.e. recycling) via mass accretion from their donor stars, and they are the descendants of neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries. Read More

This work considers coordination and bargaining between two selfish users over a Gaussian interference channel using game theory. The usual information theoretic approach assumes full cooperation among users for codebook and rate selection. In the scenario investigated here, each selfish user is willing to coordinate its actions only when an incentive exists and benefits of cooperation are fairly allocated. Read More

In this work a four terminal Gaussian network composed of a source, a destination, an eavesdropper and a jammer relay is studied. The jammer relay does not hear the source transmission. It assists the eavesdropper and aims to decrease the achievable secrecy rates. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}HZNU,

^{2}NJU

**Category:**Astrophysics

The discovery of the eccentric binary and millisecond pulsar PSR J1903+03273 has raised interesting questions about the formation mechanisms of this peculiar system. Here we present a born-fast scenario for PSR J1903+03273. We assume that during the supernova (SN) explosion that produced the pulsar, a fallback disk was formed around and accreted onto the newborn neutron star. Read More

We have modelled the spatial distribution of luminous X-ray binaries (XRBs) in spiral galaxies that are like the Milky Way using an evolutionary population synthesis code. In agreement with previous theoretical expectations and observations, we find that both high- and low-mass XRBs show clear concentrations towards the galactic plane and bulge.We also compare XRB distributions under the galactic potential with a dark matter halo and the modified Newtonian dynamics potential, and we suggest that the difference may serve as potential evidence to discriminate between these two types of model. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NJU,

^{2}NJU

**Category:**Astrophysics

Assuming a naive star formation history, we construct the synthetic X-ray source populations for comparison with the X-ray luminosity function (XLF) of the interacting galaxies NGC 4038/4039 using a population synthesis code. We have considered high- and intermediate-mass X-ray binaries, young rotation-powered pulsars and fallback disk-fed black holes in modeling the bright X-ray sources detected. We find that the majority of the X-ray sources are likely to be intermediate-mass X-ray binaries, but for typical binary evolution parameters, the predicted XLF seems to be steeper than observed. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}NJU,

^{2}NJU,

^{3}NJU

**Category:**Astrophysics

We have investigated the relation between the orbital periods ($\pb$) and the spin periods ($\ps$) of wind-fed X-ray pulsars in high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs), based on population synthesis calculations of the spin evolution of neutron stars during the pre-HMXB stage. We show that most of the neutron stars either have steady accretion or still reside in the radio pulsar phase when the donor star starts evolving off the main sequence. In the former case the values of $\ps$ can be decelerated to be $\sim 10^2-10^3$ s depending on $\pb$. Read More

Dielectric nonlinear response of (PbMg$_{1/3}$Nb$_{2/3}$O$_3$)$_{0.9}$(PbTiO$_3$)$_{0.1}$ (0. Read More