X. Wu - PMO

X. Wu
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X. Wu

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (6)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (5)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (4)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
Physics - Materials Science (4)
Mathematics - Probability (3)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
Computer Science - Learning (3)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (3)
Quantum Physics (2)
Physics - Optics (2)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
Computer Science - Multimedia (2)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Physics - Space Physics (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Computer Science - Databases (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Computer Science - Software Engineering (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
Computer Science - Robotics (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (1)
Mathematics - Group Theory (1)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (1)

Publications Authored By X. Wu

In this paper, a practical wireless transmission scheme is proposed to transmit confidential messages to the desired user securely and precisely by the joint use of multiple tools including artificial noise (AN) projection, phase alignment (PA)/beamforming, and random subcarrier selection (RSCS) based on OFDM, and directional modulation (DM), short for RSCS-OFDM-DM. This RSCS-OFDM-DM scheme provides an extremely low-complexity structure for the desired receiver and makes the secure and precise wireless transmission realizable in practical. For illegitimate eavesdroppers, the receive power of confidential messages is so weak that their receivers cannot intercept these confidential messages successfully once it is corrupted by AN. Read More

Computational notions of entropy have many applications in cryptography and complexity theory. These notions measure how much (min-)entropy a source $X$ has from the eyes of a computationally bounded party who may hold certain "leakage information" $B$ that is correlated with $X$. In this work, we initiate the study of computational entropy in the quantum setting, where $X$ and/or $B$ may become quantum states and the computationally bounded observer is modeled as a small quantum circuit. Read More

Given a group $G$ and a family of subgroups $\mathcal{F}$, we consider its classifying space $E_{\mathcal F}G$ with respect to $\mathcal{F}$. When $\mathcal F = \mathcal{VC}yc$ is the family of virtually cyclic subgroups, Juan-Pineda and Leary conjectured that a group admits a finite model for this classifying space if and only if it is virtually cyclic. By establishing a connection to conjugacy growth we can show that this conjecture holds for linear groups. Read More

Purpose: To provide a fast computational method, based on the proximal graph solver (POGS) - a convex optimization solver using the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM), for calculating an optimal treatment plan in rotating shield brachytherapy (RSBT). RSBT treatment planning has more degrees of freedom than conventional high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) due to the addition of emission direction, and this necessitates a fast optimization technique to enable clinical usage. // Methods: The multi-helix RSBT (H-RSBT) delivery technique was considered with five representative cervical cancer patients. Read More

Music emotion recognition (MER) is usually regarded as a multi-label tagging task, and each segment of music can inspire specific emotion tags. Most researchers extract acoustic features from music and explore the relations between these features and their corresponding emotion tags. Considering the inconsistency of emotions inspired by the same music segment for human beings, seeking for the key acoustic features that really affect on emotions is really a challenging task. Read More

POLAR is space-borne detector designed for a precise measurement of gamma-ray polarization of the prompt emissions of Gamma-Ray Bursts in the energy range 50 keV - 500 keV. POLAR is a compact Compton polarimeter consisting of 40$\times$ 40 plastic scintillator bars read out by 25 multi-anode PMTs. In May 2015, we performed a series of tests of the POLAR flight model with 100\% polarized x-rays beams at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility beam-line ID11 aming to study thresholds, crosstalk between channels and responses of POLAR flight model to polarized X-ray beams. Read More

Violations of Lorentz invariance can lead to an energy-dependent vacuum dispersion of light, which results in arrival-time differences of photons arising with different energies from a given transient source. In this work, direction-dependent dispersion constraints are obtained on nonbirefringent Lorentz-violating operators in effective field theory, using the observed spectral lags of the gamma-ray burst GRB 160625B. This burst has unusually large high-energy photon statistics, so we can obtain constraints from the true spectral time lags of bunches of high-energy photons rather than from the rough time lag of a single highest-energy photon. Read More

Microgrids are resources to restore critical loads after a natural disaster, enhancing the resiliency of a distribution network. To deal with stochastic power generated by intermittent energy resources within microgrids, such as wind turbines (WTs) and photovoltaics (PVs), most existing methods require forecast information. However, some microgrids may not be equipped with power forecasting tools. Read More

This paper addresses a challenging problem -- how to generate multi-view cloth images from only a single view input. To generate realistic-looking images with different views from the input, we propose a new image generation model termed VariGANs that combines the strengths of the variational inference and the Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs). Our proposed VariGANs model generates the target image in a coarse-to-fine manner instead of a single pass which suffers from severe artifacts. Read More

Software companies spend over 45 percent of cost in dealing with software bugs. An inevitable step of fixing bugs is bug triage, which aims to correctly assign a developer to a new bug. To decrease the time cost in manual work, text classification techniques are applied to conduct automatic bug triage. Read More

Face recognition has made great progress with the development of deep learning. However, video face recognition (VFR) is still an ongoing task due to various illumination, low-resolution, pose variations and motion blur. Most existing CNN-based VFR methods only obtain a feature vector from a single image and simply aggregate the features in a video, which less consider the correlations of face images in one video. Read More

Heterogeneous face matching is a challenge issue in face recognition due to large domain difference as well as insufficient pairwise images in different modalities during training. This paper proposes a coupled deep learning (CDL) approach for the heterogeneous face matching. CDL seeks a shared feature space in which the heterogeneous face matching problem can be approximately treated as a homogeneous face matching problem. Read More

It is well known that adding "long edges (shortcuts)" to a regularly constructed graph will make the resulted model a small world. Recently, \cite{W} indicated that, among all long edges, those edges with length proportional to the diameter of the regularly constructed graph may play the key role. In this paper, we modify the original Newman-Watts small world by adding only long special edges to the $d$-dimensional lattice torus (with size $n^d$) according to \cite{W}, and show that the diameter of the modified model and the mixing time of random walk on it grow polynomially fast in $\ln n$. Read More

This paper focuses on the problem of modeling the correspondence pattern for ordinary people. Suppose that letters arrive at a rate $\lambda$ and are answered at a rate $\mu$. Furthermore, we assume that, for a constant $T$, a letter is disregarded when its waiting time exceeds $T$, and the remains are answered in {\it last in first out} order. Read More

It has been known since the early days of quantum mechanics that hyperbolic secant pulses possess the unique property that they can perform cyclic evolution on two-level quantum systems independently of the pulse detuning. More recently, it was realized that they induce detuning- controlled phases without changing state populations. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the properties of hyperbolic secant pulses on superconducting transmon qubits and contrast them with the more commonly used Gaussian and square waves. Read More

Einstein's weak equivalence principle (WEP) states that any freely falling, uncharged test particle follows the same identical trajectory independent of its internal structure and composition. Since the polarization of a photon is considered to be part of its internal structure, we propose that polarized photons from astrophysical transients, such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and fast radio bursts (FRBs), can be used to constrain the accuracy of the WEP through the Shapiro time delay effect. Assuming that the arrival time delays of photons with different polarizations are mainly attributed to the gravitational potential of the Laniakea supercluster of galaxies, we show that a strict upper limit on the differences of the parametrized post-Newtonian parameter $\gamma$ value for the polarized optical emission of GRB 120308A is $\Delta\gamma<1. Read More

Autonomous vehicles rely on precise high definition (HD) 3d maps for navigation. This paper presents the mapping component of an end-to-end system for crowdsourcing precise 3d maps with semantically meaningful landmarks such as traffic signs (6 dof pose, shape and size) and traffic lanes (3d splines). The system uses consumer grade parts, and in particular, relies on a single front facing camera and a consumer grade GPS. Read More

Nano-thick metallic transition metal dichalcogenides such as VS$_{2}$ are essential building blocks for constructing next-generation electronic and energy-storage applications, as well as for exploring unique physical issues associated with the dimensionality effect. However, such 2D layered materials have yet to be achieved through either mechanical exfoliation or bottom-up synthesis. Herein, we report a facile chemical vapor deposition route for direct production of crystalline VS$_{2}$ nanosheets with sub-10 nm thicknesses and domain sizes of tens of micrometers. Read More

In this paper, we study the $B \to K^*$ transition form factors (TFFs) within the QCD light-cone sum rules (LCSR) approach. Two correlators, i.e. Read More

This paper focuses on the problem of modeling for small world effect on complex networks. Let's consider the supercritical Poisson continuous percolation on $d$-dimensional torus $T^d_n$ with volume $n^d$. By adding "long edges (short cuts)" randomly to the largest percolation cluster, we obtain a random graph $\mathscr G_n$. Read More

We present the first discoveries from a survey of $z\gtrsim6$ quasars using imaging data from the DECam Legacy Survey (DECaLS) in the optical, the UKIRT Deep Infrared Sky Survey (UKIDSS) and a preliminary version of the UKIRT Hemisphere Survey (UHS) in the near-IR, and ALLWISE in the mid-IR. DECaLS will image 9000 deg$^2$ of sky down to $z_{\rm AB}\sim23.0$, and UKIDSS and UHS, which will map the northern sky at $0Read More

In this paper, we present a new type of electromagnetic memory. It is a `magnetic' type, or B mode, radiation memory effect. Rather than a residual velocity, we find a position displacement of a charged particle induced by the B mode radiation with memory. Read More

Let $\Lambda$ be a finite dimensional string algebra over a field with the quiver $Q$ such that the underlying graph of $Q$ is a tree, and let $|\Det(\Lambda)|$ be the number of the minimal right determiners of all irreducible morphisms between indecomposable left $\Lambda$-modules. Then we have $$|\Det(\Lambda)|=2n-p-q-1,$$ where $n$ is the number of vertices in $Q$, $p=|\{i\mid i$ is a source in $Q$ with two neighbours$\}|$ and $q$ is the number of non-zero vertex ideals of $\Lambda$. Read More

Segment routing is an emerging technology to simplify traffic engineering implementation in WANs. It expresses an end-to-end logical path as a sequence of segments, each of which is represented by a middlepoint. In this paper, we arguably conduct the first systematic study of traffic engineering with segment routing in SDN based WANs. Read More

Intensive researches of two-dimensional (2D) layered materials reveal that valleys, as energy extrema in momentum space, could offer a new degree of freedom for carrying information. Taking advantage of the concept, researchers have predicted the existence of valley-Hall topological insulators which could exhibit quantum valley-Hall effect and support valley-polarized edge states on certain edges and domain walls. Since then, several kinds of photonic or sonic crystals have been proposed as the classical counterparts of valley-Hall topological insulators. Read More

Several network embedding models have been developed for unsigned networks. However, these models based on skip-gram cannot be applied to signed networks because they can only deal with one type of link. In this paper, we present our signed network embedding model called SNE. Read More

Two standing-wave single-cell choke-mode damped structures with different choke dimensions which worked at 11.424 GHz were designed, manufactured and tuned by accelerator group in Tsinghua University. High power test was carried out to study choke-mode structure's properties in high gradient and related breakdown phenomenon. Read More

As a space-borne detector POLAR is designed to conduct hard X-ray polarization measurements of gamma-ray bursts on the statistically significant sample of events and with an unprecedented accuracy. During its development phase a number of tests, calibrations runs and verification measurements were carried out in order to validate instrument functionality and optimize operational parameters. In this article we present results on gain optimization togeter with verification data obtained in the course of broad laboratory and environmental tests. Read More

The Principle of Maximum Conformality (PMC) systematically eliminates the renormalization scheme and renormalization scale uncertainties for high-energy processes. The resulting PMC predictions are scheme independent, and the residual renormalization scale dependence due to unknown high-order terms are negligible at the next-to-next-to-leading order level. By applying the PMC scale-setting, one obtains comprehensive and self-consistent pQCD predictions for the top-quark pair total cross-section and the top-quark pair forward-backward asymmetry in agreement with the experimental measurements at the Tevatron and LHC. Read More

Very few low-ionization broad absorption line (LoBAL) QSOs have been found at high redshifts to date. One high-redshift LoBAL QSO, J0122+1216, was recently discovered at the Lijiang 2.4-m Telescope with an initial redshift determination of 4. Read More

[Background] The hyperon impurity effect in nuclei has been extensively studied in different mean-field models. Recently, there is a controversy about whether the $\Lambda$ hyperon is more tightly bound in the normal deformed (ND) states than that in the superdeformed (SD) states.[Purpose] This article is aimed to provide a beyond-mean-field study of the low-lying states of hypernuclei with shape coexistence and to shed some light on the controversy. Read More

We show that polarization states of electromagnetic waves can be manipulated easily using a single thin uniaxial crystal plate. By performing a rotational transformation of the coordinates and controlling the thickness of the plate, we can achieve a complete polarization conversion between TE wave and TM wave in a spectral band. We show that the off-diagonal element of the permittivity is the key for polarization conversion. Read More

Authors: CDF Collaboration, T. Aaltonen, M. G. Albrow, S. Amerio, D. Amidei, A. Anastassov, A. Annovi, J. Antos, G. Apollinari, J. A. Appel, T. Arisawa, A. Artikov, J. Asaadi, W. Ashmanskas, B. Auerbach, A. Aurisano, F. Azfar, W. Badgett, T. Bae, A. Barbaro-Galtieri, V. E. Barnes, B. A. Barnett, P. Barria, P. Bartos, M. Bauce, F. Bedeschi, S. Behari, G. Bellettini, J. Bellinger, D. Benjamin, A. Beretvas, A. Bhatti, K. R. Bland, B. Blumenfeld, A. Bocci, A. Bodek, D. Bortoletto, J. Boudreau, A. Boveia, L. Brigliadori, C. Bromberg, E. Brucken, J. Budagov, H. S. Budd, K. Burkett, G. Busetto, P. Bussey, P. Butti, A. Buzatu, A. Calamba, S. Camarda, M. Campanelli, F. Canelli, B. Carls, D. Carlsmith, R. Carosi, S. Carrillo, B. Casal, M. Casarsa, A. Castro, P. Catastini, D. Cauz, V. Cavaliere, A. Cerri, L. Cerrito, Y. C. Chen, M. Chertok, G. Chiarelli, G. Chlachidze, K. Cho, D. Chokheli, A. Clark, C. Clarke, M. E. Convery, J. Conway, M. Corbo, M. Cordelli, C. A. Cox, D. J. Cox, M. Cremonesi, D. Cruz, J. Cuevas, R. Culbertson, N. d'Ascenzo, M. Datta, P. de Barbaro, L. Demortier, M. Deninno, F. Devoto, M. D'Errico, A. Di Canto, B. Di Ruzza, J. R. Dittmann, M. D'Onofrio, S. Donati, M. Dorigo, A. Driutti, K. Ebina, R. Edgar, R. Erbacher, S. Errede, B. Esham, S. Farrington, J. P. Fernández Ramos, R. Field, G. Flanagan, R. Forrest, M. Franklin, J. C. Freeman, H. Frisch, Y. Funakoshi, C. Galloni, A. F. Garfinkel, P. Garosi, H. Gerberich, E. Gerchtein, S. Giagu, V. Giakoumopoulou, K. Gibson, C. M. Ginsburg, N. Giokaris, P. Giromini, V. Glagolev, D. Glenzinski, M. Gold, D. Goldin, A. Golossanov, G. Gomez, G. Gomez-Ceballos, M. Goncharov, O. González López, I. Gorelov, A. T. Goshaw, K. Goulianos, E. Gramellini, C. Grosso-Pilcher, J. Guimaraes da Costa, S. R. Hahn, J. Y. Han, F. Happacher, K. Hara, M. Hare, R. F. Harr, T. Harrington-Taber, K. Hatakeyama, C. Hays, J. Heinrich, M. Herndon, A. Hocker, Z. Hong, W. Hopkins, S. Hou, R. E. Hughes, U. Husemann, M. Hussein, J. Huston, G. Introzzi, M. Iori, A. Ivanov, E. James, D. Jang, B. Jayatilaka, E. J. Jeon, S. Jindariani, M. Jones, K. K. Joo, S. Y. Jun, T. R. Junk, M. Kambeitz, T. Kamon, P. E. Karchin, A. Kasmi, Y. Kato, W. Ketchum, J. Keung, B. Kilminster, D. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, J. E. Kim, M. J. Kim, S. B. Kim, S. H. Kim, Y. K. Kim, Y. J. Kim, N. Kimura, M. Kirby, K. Kondo, D. J. Kong, J. Konigsberg, A. V. Kotwal, M. Kreps, J. Kroll, M. Kruse, T. Kuhr, M. Kurata, A. T. Laasanen, S. Lammel, M. Lancaster, K. Lannon, G. Latino, H. S. Lee, J. S. Lee, S. Leo, S. Leone, J. D. Lewis, A. Limosani, E. Lipeles, A. Lister, Q. Liu, T. Liu, S. Lockwitz, A. Loginov, A. Lucà, D. Lucchesi, J. Lueck, P. Lujan, P. Lukens, G. Lungu, J. Lys, R. Lysak, R. Madrak, P. Maestro, S. Malik, G. Manca, A. Manousakis-Katsikakis, L. Marchese, F. Margaroli, P. Marino, K. Matera, M. E. Mattson, A. Mazzacane, P. Mazzanti, R. McNulty, A. Mehta, P. Mehtala, C. Mesropian, T. Miao, D. Mietlicki, A. Mitra, H. Miyake, S. Moed, N. Moggi, C. S. Moon, R. Moore, M. J. Morello, A. Mukherjee, Th. Muller, P. Murat, M. Mussini, J. Nachtman, Y. Nagai, J. Naganoma, I. Nakano, A. Napier, J. Nett, T. Nigmanov, L. Nodulman, S. Y. Noh, O. Norniella, L. Oakes, S. H. Oh, Y. D. Oh, T. Okusawa, R. Orava, L. Ortolan, C. Pagliarone, E. Palencia, P. Palni, V. Papadimitriou, W. Parker, G. Pauletta, M. Paulini, C. Paus, T. J. Phillips, G. Piacentino, E. Pianori, J. Pilot, K. Pitts, C. Plager, L. Pondrom, S. Poprocki, K. Potamianos, F. Prokoshin, A. Pranko, F. Ptohos, G. Punzi, I. Redondo Fernández, P. Renton, M. Rescigno, F. Rimondi, L. Ristori, A. Robson, T. Rodriguez, S. Rolli, M. Ronzani, R. Roser, J. L. Rosner, F. Ruffini, A. Ruiz, J. Russ, V. Rusu, W. K. Sakumoto, Y. Sakurai, L. Santi, K. Sato, V. Saveliev, A. Savoy-Navarro, P. Schlabach, E. E. Schmidt, T. Schwarz, L. Scodellaro, F. Scuri, S. Seidel, Y. Seiya, A. Semenov, F. Sforza, S. Z. Shalhout, T. Shears, P. F. Shepard, M. Shimojima, M. Shochet, I. Shreyber-Tecker, A. Simonenko, P. Sinervo, K. Sliwa, J. R. Smith, F. D. Snider, V. Sorin, H. Song, M. Stancari, R. St. Denis, D. Stentz, J. Strologas, Y. Sudo, A. Sukhanov, I. Suslov, K. Takemasa, Y. Takeuchi, J. Tang, M. Tecchio, P. K. Teng, J. Thom, E. Thomson, V. Thukral, D. Toback, S. Tokar, K. Tollefson, T. Tomura, D. Tonelli, S. Torre, D. Torretta, P. Totaro, M. Trovato, F. Ukegawa, S. Uozumi, F. Vázquez, G. Velev, C. Vellidis, C. Vernieri, M. Vidal, R. Vilar, J. Vizán, M. Vogel, G. Volpi, P. Wagner, R. Wallny, S. M. Wang, D. Waters, W. C. Wester III, D. Whiteson, A. B. Wicklund, S. Wilbur, H. H. Williams, J. S. Wilson, P. Wilson, B. L. Winer, P. Wittich, S. Wolbers, H. Wolfe, T. Wright, X. Wu, Z. Wu, K. Yamamoto, D. Yamato, T. Yang, U. K. Yang, Y. C. Yang, W. -M. Yao, G. P. Yeh, K. Yi, J. Yoh, K. Yorita, T. Yoshida, G. B. Yu, I. Yu, A. M. Zanetti, Y. Zeng, C. Zhou, S. Zucchelli

A measurement of the inclusive production cross section of isolated prompt photons in proton-antiproton collisions at center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}$=1.96TeV is presented. The results are obtained using the full Run II data sample collected with the Collider Detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, which corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 9. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Arkansas, 2University of Arkansas, 3University of Arkansas

Discrimination-aware classification is receiving an increasing attention in the data mining and machine learning fields. The data preprocessing methods for constructing a discrimination-free classifier remove discrimination from the training data, and learn the classifier from the cleaned data. However, there lacks of a theoretical guarantee for the performance of these methods. Read More

The interlayer gallery between two adjacent sheets of van der Waals materials is expected to modify properties of atoms and molecules confined at the atomic interfaces. Here, we directly image individual hydrogen atom intercalated between two graphene sheets and investigate its dynamics by scanning tunnelling microscope (STM). The intercalated hydrogen atom is found to be remarkably different from atomic hydrogen chemisorbed on external surface of graphene. Read More

The photoproduction of doubly heavy baryon, $\Xi_{cc}$, $\Xi_{bc}$ and $\Xi_{bb}$, is predicted within the nonrelativistic QCD at the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC). The $\Xi_{QQ'}$ production via the photon-gluon fusing channel $\gamma + g \to \langle{QQ'}\rangle[n] +\bar{Q} +\bar{Q'}$ and the extrinsic heavy quark channel $\gamma + Q \to \langle{QQ'}\rangle[n]+\bar{Q'}$ have been considered, where $Q$ or $Q'$ stand for heavy $c$ or $b$ quark and $\langle{QQ'}\rangle[n]$ stands for a $QQ'$ diquark with given spin- and color- configurations $[n]$. The diquark shall fragmentate into $\Xi_{QQ'}$ baryon with high probability. Read More

In this paper we study the use of coding techniques to accelerate machine learning (ML). Coding techniques, such as prefix codes, have been extensively studied and used to accelerate low-level data processing primitives such as scans in a relational database system. However, there is little work on how to exploit them to accelerate ML algorithms. Read More

Domain walls (DWs) in ferroic materials, across which the order parameter abruptly changes its orientation, can host emergent properties that are absent in the bulk domains. Using a broadband ($10^6-10^{10}$ Hz) scanning impedance microscope, we show that the electrical response of the interlocked antiphase boundaries and ferroelectric domain walls in hexagonal rare-earth manganites ($h-RMnO_3$) is dominated by the bound-charge oscillation rather than free-carrier conduction at the DWs. As a measure of the rate of energy dissipation, the effective conductivity of DWs on the (001) surfaces of $h-RMnO_3$ at GHz frequencies is drastically higher than that at dc, while the effect is absent on surfaces with in-plane polarized domains. Read More

Originating from a broken spatial inversion symmetry, ferroelectricity is a functionality of materials with an electric dipole that can be switched by external electric fields. Spontaneous polarization is a crucial ferroelectric property, and its amplitude is determined by the strength of polar structural distortions. Density functional theory (DFT) is one of the most widely used theoretical methods to study ferroelectric properties, yet it is limited by the levels of approximations in electron exchange-correlation. Read More

The Beijing-Arizona Sky Survey (BASS) is a new wide-field legacy imaging survey in the northern Galactic cap using the 2.3m Bok telescope. The survey will cover about 5400 deg$^2$ in the $g$ and $r$ bands, and the expected 5$\sigma$ depths (corrected for the Galactic extinction) in the two bands are 24. Read More

This study is concerned with the dynamical behaviors of epidemic spreading over a two-layered interconnected network. Three models in different levels are proposed to describe cooperative spreading processes over the interconnected network, wherein the disease in one network can spread to the other. Theoretical analysis is provided for each model to reveal that the global epidemic threshold in the interconnected network is not larger than the epidemic thresholds for the two isolated layered networks. Read More

Optical interconnect is a potential solution to attain the large bandwidth on-chip communications needed in high performance computers in a low power and low cost manner. Mode-division multiplexing (MDM) is an emerging technology that scales the capacity of a single wavelength carrier by the number of modes in a multimode waveguide, and is attractive as a cost-effective means for high bandwidth density on-chip communications. Advanced modulation formats with high spectral efficiency in MDM networks can further improve the data rates of the optical link. Read More

The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND) is a planned array of ~200 000 radio antennas deployed over ~200 000 km2 in a mountainous site. It aims primarly at detecting high-energy neutrinos via the observation of extensive air showers induced by the decay in the atmosphere of taus produced by the interaction of cosmic neutrinos under the Earth surface. GRAND aims at reaching a neutrino sensitivity of 5. Read More

We study an exotic state which is localized only at an intersection of edges of a topological material. This "edge-of-edge" state is shown to exist generically. We construct explicitly generic edge-of-edge states in 5-dimensional Weyl semimetals and their dimensional reductions, such as 4-dimensional topological insulators of class A and 3-dimensional chiral topological insulators of class AIII. Read More

A vast wealth of literature exists on the topic of rocket trajectory optimisation, particularly in the area of interplanetary trajectories due to its relevance today. Studies on optimising interstellar and intergalactic trajectories are usually performed in flat spacetime using an analytical approach, with very little focus on optimising interstellar trajectories in a general relativistic framework. This paper examines the use of low-acceleration rockets to reach galactic destinations in the least possible time, with a genetic algorithm being employed for the optimisation process. Read More

The Principle of Maximal Conformality (PMC) provides a rigorous method for eliminating renormalization scheme-and-scale ambiguities for perturbative QCD predictions. The PMC uses the renormalization group equation to fix the $\beta$-pattern of each order in an arbitrary pQCD approximant, and it then determines the optimal renormalization scale by absorbing all $\{\beta_{i}\}$ terms into the running coupling at each order. The resulting coefficients of the pQCD series match the scheme-independent conformal series with $\beta=0$. Read More

We performed angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy studies on a series of FeTe$_{1-x}$Se$_{x}$ monolayer films grown on SrTiO$_{3}$. The superconductivity of the films is robust and rather insensitive to the variations of the band position and effective mass caused by the substitution of Se by Te. However, the band gap between the electron- and hole-like bands at the Brillouin zone center decreases towards band inversion and parity exchange, which drive the system to a nontrivial topological state predicted by theoretical calculations. Read More