X. H. Yang - Yunnan University, Yunnan, P.R. China

X. H. Yang
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X. H. Yang
Yunnan University, Yunnan, P.R. China
Kunming Shi

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (11)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (9)
Physics - Materials Science (4)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
Computer Science - Robotics (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Physics - Biological Physics (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)
Computer Science - Programming Languages (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Quantum Physics (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (1)
Quantitative Biology - Cell Behavior (1)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)

Publications Authored By X. H. Yang

It has been recently demonstrated that a singlet-triplet spin qubit in semiconductor double quantum dots can be controlled by changing the height of the potential barrier between the two dots ("barrier control"), which has led to a considerable reduction of charge noises as compared to the traditional tilt control method. In this paper we show, through a molecular-orbital-theoretic calculation of double quantum dots influenced by a charged impurity, that the relative charge noise for a system under the barrier control not only is smaller than that for the tilt control, but actually decreases as a function of an increasing exchange interaction. This is understood as a combined consequence of the greatly suppressed detuning noise when the two dots are symmetrically operated, as well as an enhancement of the inter-dot hopping energy of an electron when the barrier is lowered which in turn reduces the relative charge noise at large exchange interaction values. Read More

This paper addresses the discount pricing in word-of-mouth (WOM) marketing. A new discount strategy known as the Infection-Based Discount (IBD) strategy is proposed. The basic idea of the IBD strategy lies in that each customer enjoys a discount that is linearly proportional to his/her influence in the WOM network. Read More

As compared to the traditional advertising, the word-of-mouth (WOM) communications have striking advantages such as significantly lower cost and rapid delivery; this is especially the case with the popularity of online social networks. This paper addresses the issue of maximizing the overall profit of a WOM marketing campaign. A marketing process with both positive and negative WOM is modeled as a dynamical model knwn as the SIPNS model, and the profit maximization problem is modeled as a constrained optimization problem. Read More

Despite the promising progress made in recent years, person re-identification (re-ID) remains a challenging task due to the complex variations in human appearances from different camera views. For this challenging problem, a large variety of algorithms have been developed in the fully-supervised setting, requiring access to a large amount of labeled training data. However, the main bottleneck for fully-supervised re-ID is the limited availability of labeled training samples. Read More

Iron pnictides are the only known family of unconventional high-temperature superconductors besides cuprates. Until recently, it was widely accepted that superconductivity is spin-fluctuation driven and intimately related to their fermiology, specifically, hole and electron pockets separated by the same wave vector that characterizes the dominant spin fluctuations, and supporting order parameters (OP) of opposite signs. This picture was questioned after the discovery of a new family, based on the FeSe layers, either intercalated or in the monolayer form. Read More

Collective cell migration is a highly regulated process involved in wound healing, cancer metastasis and morphogenesis. Mechanical interactions among cells provide an important regulatory mechanism to coordinate such collective motion. Using a Self-Propelled Voronoi (SPV) model that links cell mechanics to cell shape and cell motility, we formulate a generalized mechanical inference method to obtain the spatio-temporal distribution of cellular stresses from measured traction forces in motile tissues and show that such traction-based stresses match those calculated from instantaneous cell shapes. Read More

Loop closure detection (LCD) is an indispensable part of simultaneous localization and mapping systems (SLAM); it enables robots to produce a consistent map by recognizing previously visited places. When robots operate over extended periods, robustness to viewpoint and condition changes as well as satisfactory real-time performance become essential requirements for a practical LCD system. This paper presents an approach to directly utilize the outputs at the intermediate layer of a pre-trained convolutional neural network (CNN) as image descriptors. Read More

Optimization techniques play an important role in several scientific and real-world applications, thus becoming of great interest for the community. As a consequence, a number of open-source libraries are available in the literature, which ends up fostering the research and development of new techniques and applications. In this work, we present a new library for the implementation and fast prototyping of nature-inspired techniques called LibOPT. Read More

In this paper, from the algebraic reductions from the Lie algebra $gl(n,\mathbb C)$ to its commutative subalgebra $Z_n$, we construct the general $Z_n$-Sine-Gordon and $Z_n$-Sinh-Gordon systems which contain many multi-component Sine-Gordon type and Sinh-Gordon type equations. Meanwhile, we give the B\"acklund transformations of the $Z_n$-Sine-Gordon and $Z_n$-Sinh-Gordon equations which can generate new solutions from seed solutions. To see the $Z_n$-systems clearly, we consider the $Z_2$-Sine-Gordon and $Z_3$-Sine-Gordon equations explicitly including their B\"acklund transformations, the nonlinear superposition formula and Lax pairs. Read More

We propose a novel fifth-generation (5G) rapid prototyping (RaPro) system architecture by combining FPGA-privileged modules from a software defined radio (or FPGA-coprocessor) and high-level programming language for advanced algorithms from multi-core general purpose processors. The proposed system architecture exhibits excellent flexibility and scalability in the development of a 5G prototyping system. As a proof of concept, a multi-user full-dimension multiple-input and multiple-output system is established based on the proposed architecture. Read More

In recent years, Deep Learning has been successfully applied to multimodal learning problems, with the aim of learning useful joint representations in data fusion applications. When the available modalities consist of time series data such as video, audio and sensor signals, it becomes imperative to consider their temporal structure during the fusion process. In this paper, we propose the Correlational Recurrent Neural Network (CorrRNN), a novel temporal fusion model for fusing multiple input modalities that are inherently temporal in nature. Read More

The ELUCID project aims to build a series of realistic cosmological simulations that reproduce the spatial and mass distribution of the galaxies as observed in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). This requires powerful reconstruction techniques to create constrained initial conditions. We test the reconstruction method by applying it to several $N$-body simulations. Read More

To solve the $\mu$ problem of the MSSM, the $\mu$ from $\nu$ Supersymmetric Standard Model ($\mu\nu$SSM) introduces three singlet right-handed neutrino superfields $\hat{\nu}_i^c$, which lead to the mixing of the neutral components of the Higgs doublets with the sneutrinos, producing a relatively large CP-even neutral scalar mass matrix. In this work, we analytically diagonalize the CP-even neutral scalar mass matrix and analyze in detail how the mixing impacts the lightest Higgs boson mass. We also give an approximate expression for the lightest Higgs boson mass. Read More

Halo bias is the one of the key ingredients of the halo models. It was shown at a given redshift to be only dependent, to the first order, on the halo mass. In this study, four types of cosmic web environments: clusters, filaments, sheets and voids are defined within a state of the art high resolution $N$-body simulation. Read More

Compact acceleration of tightly collimated relativistic electron beam with high charge from laser-plasma interaction has many unique applications. However, currently the well-known schemes including laser wakefield acceleration from gas and vacuum laser acceleration from solid often produce electron beams either with low charge or with large divergence angles, suffering from lack of balance between the plasma density and the collimation force. In this work, we report the generation of well collimated electron beams with the divergence angle of a few degrees, quasi-monoenergetic spectra peaked at the MeV-level, and extremely high charge ($\sim$100 nC) via the powerful sub-ps laser pulse interacting with solid target. Read More

We introduce a deep encoder-decoder architecture for image deformation prediction from multimodal images. Specifically, we design an image-patch-based deep network that jointly (i) learns an image similarity measure and (ii) the relationship between image patches and deformation parameters. While our method can be applied to general image registration formulations, we focus on the Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping (LDDMM) registration model. Read More

This paper introduces Quicksilver, a fast deformable image registration method. Quicksilver registration for image-pairs works by patch-wise prediction of a deformation model based directly on image appearance. A deep encoder-decoder network is used as the prediction model. Read More

Registration involving one or more images containing pathologies is challenging, as standard image similarity measures and spatial transforms cannot account for common changes due to pathologies. Low-rank/Sparse (LRS) decomposition removes pathologies prior to registration; however, LRS is memory-demanding and slow, which limits its use on larger data sets. Additionally, LRS blurs normal tissue regions, which may degrade registration performance. Read More

In this paper, we propose a novel, thermodynamically consistent phase field model to simulate the deformation and breakup of a ferrodroplet that is immersed in a viscous medium and subject to an applied uniform magnetic field. Instead of using the magnetic body force in the traditional Rosensweig model, the key idea of this model is to propose a new magnetic energy that enables direct effects of the magnetic field on the interface evolution. The model can thereby be derived from the variational principle via minimizing the free energy of the total system. Read More

A variety of real-world processes (over networks) produce sequences of data whose complex temporal dynamics need to be studied. More especially, the event timestamps can carry important information about the underlying network dynamics, which otherwise are not available from the time-series evenly sampled from continuous signals. Moreover, in most complex processes, event sequences and evenly-sampled times series data can interact with each other, which renders joint modeling of those two sources of data necessary. Read More

In this paper, we present an efficient energy stable scheme to solve a phase field model incorporating contact line condition. Instead of the usually used Cahn-Hilliard type phase equation, we adopt the Allen-Cahn type phase field model with the static contact line boundary condition that coupled with incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with Navier boundary condition. The projection method is used to deal with the Navier-Stokes equa- tions and an auxiliary function is introduced for the non-convex Ginzburg-Landau bulk potential. Read More

Topological states emerge at the boundary of solids as a consequence of the nontrivial topology of the bulk. Recently, theory predicts a topological edge state on single layer transition metal dichalcogenides with 1T' structure. However, its existence still lacks experimental proof. Read More

Uncovering the mechanisms that control size, growth, and division rates of systems reproducing through binary division means understanding basic principles of their life cycle. Recent work has focused on how division rates are regulated in bacteria and yeast, but this question has not yet been addressed in more complex, multicellular organisms. We have acquired a unique large-scale data set on the growth and asexual reproduction of two freshwater planarian species, Dugesia japonica and Dugesia tigrina, which reproduce by transverse fission and succeeding regeneration of head and tail pieces into new planarians. Read More

We propose an Analytical method of Blind Separation (ABS) of cosmic magnification from the intrinsic fluctuations of galaxy number density in the observed (lensed) galaxy number density distribution. The ABS method utilizes the different dependences of the signal (cosmic magnification) and contamination (galaxy intrinsic clustering) on galaxy flux, to separate the two. It works directly on the measured cross galaxy angular power spectra between different flux bins. Read More

In this paper, we consider the numerical approximations for solving a hydrodynamics coupled phase field model consisting of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with generalized Navier boundary conditions, and the Cahn-Hilliard equation with dynamic moving contact line boundary conditions. The main challenging issue for solving this model numerically is the time marching problem, i.e. Read More

In this paper, we consider the numerical approximations for a hydrodynamical model of smetic-A liquid crystals. The model, derived from the variational approach of the modified Oseen-Frank energy, is a highly nonlinear system that couples the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and a constitutive equation for the layer variable. We develop two linear, second-order time-marching schemes based on the Invariant Energy Quadratization method for nonlinear terms in the constitutive equation, the projection method for the Navier-Stokes equations, and some subtle implicit-explicit treatments for the convective and stress terms. Read More

In this study, a multi-task deep neural network is proposed for skin lesion analysis. The proposed multi-task learning model solves different tasks (e.g. Read More

We have developed a method to improve the doping computation efficiency, this method is based on first principles calculations and cluster expansion. First principles codes produce highly accurate total energies and optimized geometries for any given structure. Cluster expansion method constructs a cluster expansion using partial first principles results and computes the energies for other structures derived from a parent lattice. Read More

Robot awareness of human actions is an essential research problem in robotics with many important real-world applications, including human-robot collaboration and teaming. Over the past few years, depth sensors have become a standard device widely used by intelligent robots for 3D perception, which can also offer human skeletal data in 3D space. Several methods based on skeletal data were designed to enable robot awareness of human actions with satisfactory accuracy. Read More

Apprenticeship learning has recently attracted a wide attention due to its capability of allowing robots to learn physical tasks directly from demonstrations provided by human experts. Most previous techniques assumed that the state space is known a priori or employed simple state representations that usually suffer from perceptual aliasing. Different from previous research, we propose a novel approach named Sequence-based Multimodal Apprenticeship Learning (SMAL), which is capable to simultaneously fusing temporal information and multimodal data, and to integrate robot perception with decision making. Read More

A variety of new and interesting correlated states have been predicted in graphene monolayer doped to Van Hove singularities (VHSs) of its density-of-state (DOS)1-6. However, tuning the Fermi energy to reach a VHS of graphene by either gating or chemical doping is prohibitively difficult, owning to their large energy distance (3 eV)7. Therefore, these correlated states, which arise from effects of strong electron-electron interactions at the VHSs, have remained experimentally so elusive. Read More

The contribution of this paper contains two parts: first, we prove a supercloseness result for the partially penalized immersed finite element (PPIFE) method in [T. Lin, Y. Lin, and X. Read More

Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play multiple roles in tumor biology [1]. Interestingly, reports from multiple groups suggest that miRNA targets may be coupled through competitive stoichiometric sequestration [2]. Specifically, computational models predicted [3, 4] and experimental assays confirmed [5, 6] that miRNA activity is dependent on miRNA target abundance, and consequently, changes to the abundance of some miRNA targets lead to changes to the regulation and abundance of their other targets. Read More

In this paper, we consider the numerical approximations for the fourth order Cahn-Hilliard equation with concentration dependent mobility, and the logarithmic Flory-Huggins potential. One challenge in solving such a diffusive system numerically is how to develop proper temporal discretization for nonlinear terms in order to preserve the energy stability at the time-discrete level. We resolve this issue by developing a set of the first and second order time marching schemes based on a novel, called "Invariant Energy Quadratization" approach. Read More

In this paper, we consider the numerical solution of a binary fluid-surfactant phase field model, in which the free energy contains a nonlinear coupling entropy, a Ginzburg-Landau double well potential, and a logarithmic Flory-Huggins potential. The resulting system consists of two coupled, nonlinear Cahn-Hilliard type equations. We develop a set of first and second order time marching schemes for this system using the "Invariant Energy Quadratization" approach, in particular, the system is transformed into an equivalent one by introducing appropriate auxiliary variables and all nonlinear terms are then treated semi-explicitly. Read More

How to develop efficient numerical schemes while preserving the energy stability at the discrete level is a challenging issue for the three component Cahn-Hilliard phase-field model. In this paper, we develop first and second order temporal approximation schemes based on the "Invariant Energy Quadratization" approach, where all nonlinear terms are treated semi-explicitly. Consequently, the resulting numerical schemes lead to a well-posed linear system with the symmetric positive definite operator to be solved at each time step. Read More

In this paper, we consider the numerical approximations for the commonly used binary fluid-surfactant phase field model that consists two nonlinearly coupled Cahn-Hilliard equations. The main challenge in solving the system numerically is how to develop easy-to-implement time stepping schemes while preserving the unconditional energy stability. We solve this issue by developing two linear and decoupled, first order and a second order time-stepping schemes using the so-called "Invariant Energy Quadratization" approach for the double well potentials and a subtle explicit-implicit technique for the nonlinear coupling potential. Read More

We have developed an extended distance matrix approach to study the molecular geometric configuration through spectral decomposition. It is shown that the positions of all atoms in the eigen-space can be specified precisely by their eigen-coordinates, while the refined atomic eigen-subspace projection array adopted in our approach is demonstrated to be a competent invariant in structure comparison. Furthermore, a visual eigen-subspace projection function (EPF) is derived to characterize the surrounding configuration of an atom naturally. Read More

In this paper, we consider numerical approximations for the model of smectic-A liquid crystal flows. The model equation, that is derived from the variational approach of the de Gennes free energy, is a highly nonlinear system that couples the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, and two nonlinear coupled second-order elliptic equations. Based on some subtle explicit--implicit treatments for nonlinear terms, we develop a unconditionally energy stable, linear and decoupled time marching numerical scheme. Read More

We address the person re-identification problem by effectively exploiting a globally discriminative feature representation from a sequence of tracked human regions/patches. This is in contrast to previous person re-id works, which rely on either single frame based person to person patch matching, or graph based sequence to sequence matching. We show that a progressive/sequential fusion framework based on long short term memory (LSTM) network aggregates the frame-wise human region representation at each time stamp and yields a sequence level human feature representation. Read More

In this paper, we consider numerical approximations of a hydrodynamically coupled phase field diblock copolymer model, in which the free energy contains a kinetic potential, a gradient entropy, a Ginzburg-Landau double well potential, and a long range nonlocal type potential. We develop a set of second order time marching schemes for this system using the "Invariant Energy Quadratization" approach for the double well potential, the projection method for the Navier-Stokes equation, and a subtle implicit-explicit treatment for the stress and convective term. The resulting schemes are linear and lead to symmetric positive definite systems at each time step, thus they can be efficiently solved. Read More

The verification of linearizability -- a key correctness criterion for concurrent objects -- is based on trace refinement whose checking is PSPACE-complete. This paper suggests to use \emph{branching} bisimulation instead. Our approach is based on comparing an abstract specification in which object methods are executed atomically to a real object program. Read More

In this paper, considering multiple interference regions simultaneously, an optimal antenna deployment problem for distributed Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) radar is investigated. The optimal antenna deployment problem is solved by proposing an antenna deployment method based on Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO). Firstly, we construct a multi-objective optimization problem for MIMO radar antenna deployment by choosing the interference power densities of different regions as objective functions. Read More

In this paper, we construct the simultaneous confidence band (SCB) for the nonparametric component in partially linear panel data models with fixed effects. We remove the fixed effects, and further obtain the estimators of parametric and nonparametric components, which do not depend on the fixed effects. We establish the asymptotic distribution of their maximum absolute deviation between the estimated nonparametric component and the true nonparametric component under some suitable conditions, and hence the result can be used to construct the simultaneous confidence band of the nonparametric component. Read More

We consider the numerical approximations of a two-phase hydrodynamics coupled phase-field model that incorporates the variable densities, viscosities and moving contact line boundary conditions. The model is a nonlinear, coupled system that consists of incompressible Navier--Stokes equations with the generalized Navier boundary condition, and the Cahn--Hilliard equations with moving contact line boundary conditions. By some subtle explicit--implicit treatments to nonlinear terms, we develop two efficient, unconditionally energy stable numerical schemes, in particular, a linear decoupled energy stable scheme for the system with static contact line condition, and a nonlinear energy stable scheme for the system with dynamic contact line condition. Read More

Decoherence due to charge noise is one of the central challenges in using spin qubits in semiconductor quantum dots as a platform for quantum information processing. Recently, it has been experimentally demonstrated in both Si and GaAs singlet-triplet qubits that the effects of charge noise can be suppressed if qubit operations are implemented using symmetric barrier control instead of the standard tilt control. Here, we investigate the key issue of whether the benefits of barrier control persist over the entire set of single-qubit gates by performing randomized benchmarking simulations. Read More

Actuator line model has been widely employed in wind turbine simulations. However, the standard actuator line model does not include a model for the turbine nacelle which can significantly impact turbine wake characteristics as shown in the literature (e.g. Read More