X. Deng - The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

X. Deng
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X. Deng
The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

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Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (10)
Physics - Materials Science (7)
Quantum Physics (6)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (5)
Nuclear Experiment (4)
Physics - Optics (3)
Physics - Superconductivity (3)
Physics - Atomic Physics (3)
Computer Science - Numerical Analysis (2)
Nuclear Theory (2)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Physics - Space Physics (2)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (2)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
Statistics - Theory (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)
Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters (1)
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1)
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (1)
Mathematics - Statistics (1)

Publications Authored By X. Deng

We present in this work a new reconstruction scheme, so-called MUSCL-THINC-BVD scheme, to solve the five-equation model for interfacial two phase flows. This scheme employs the traditional shock capturing MUSCL (Monotone Upstream-centered Schemes for Conservation Law) scheme as well as the interface sharpening THINC (Tangent of Hyperbola for INterface Capturing) scheme as two building-blocks of spatial reconstruction using the BVD (boundary variation diminishing) principle that minimizes the variations (jumps) of the reconstructed variables at cell boundaries, and thus effectively reduces the numerical dissipations in numerical solutions. The MUSCL-THINC-BVD scheme is implemented to all state variables and volume fraction, which realizes the consistency among volume fraction and other physical variables. Read More

$[Background]$ Measurements of the neutron charge distribution are made difficult by the fact that, with no net charge, the neutron electric form factor, $G^n_E$, is generally much smaller than the magnetic form factor, $G^n_M$. In addition, measurements of these form factors must use nuclear targets which requires accurately accounting for nuclear effects. $[Method]$ The inclusive quasi-elastic reaction $^3\overrightarrow{\rm{He}}(\overrightarrow{e},e')$ was measured at Jefferson Lab. Read More

We propose a novel 3D neural network architecture for 3D hand pose estimation from a single depth image. Different from previous works that mostly run on 2D depth image domain and require intermediate or post process to bring in the supervision from 3D space, we convert the depth map to a 3D volumetric representation, and feed it into a 3D convolutional neural network(CNN) to directly produce the pose in 3D requiring no further process. Our system does not require the ground truth reference point for initialization, and our network architecture naturally integrates both local feature and global context in 3D space. Read More

Using first-principles calculation methods, we study the possibility of realizing quantum anomalous Hall effect in graphene from stable 3\textit{d}-atomic adsorption via charge-compensated \textit{n}-\textit{p} codoping scheme. As concrete examples, we show that long-range ferromagnetism can be established by codoping 3\textit{d} transition metal and boron atoms, but only the Ni codopants can open up a global bulk gap to harbour the quantum anomalous Hall effect. Our estimated ferromagnetic Curie transition temperature can reach over 10 Kelvin for various codoping concentrations. Read More

Pimple is one of the most common skin diseases for humans. The mechanical modeling of pimple growth is very limited. A finite element model is developed to quantify the deformation field with the expansion of follicle, and then the mechanical stimulus is related to the sensation of pain during the development of pimple. Read More

Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence is widely applied to uncertainty modelling and knowledge reasoning because of its advantages in dealing with uncertain information. But some conditions or requirements, such as exclusiveness hypothesis and completeness constraint, limit the development and application of that theory to a large extend. To overcome the shortcomings and enhance its capability of representing the uncertainty, a novel model, called D numbers, has been proposed recently. Read More

Superconducting transmon qubits comprise one of the most promising platforms for quantum information processing due to their long coherence times and to their scalability into larger qubit networks. However, their weakly anharmonic spectrum leads to spectral crowding in multiqubit systems, making it challenging to implement fast, high-fidelity gates while avoiding leakage errors. To address this challenge, we have developed a protocol known as SWIPHT, which yields smooth, simple microwave pulses designed to suppress leakage without sacrificing gate speed through spectral selectivity. Read More

Topological semimetals are characterized by protected crossings between conduction and valence bands. These materials have recently attracted significant interest because of the deep connections to high-energy physics, the novel topological surface states, and the unusual transport phenomena. While Dirac and Weyl semimetals have been extensively studied, the nodal-line semimetal remains largely unexplored due to the lack of an ideal material platform. Read More

In order to achieve the high-fidelity quantum control needed for a broad range of quantum information technologies, reducing the effects of noise and system inhomogeneities is an essential task. It is well known that a system can be decoupled from noise or made insensitive to inhomogeneous dephasing dynamically by using carefully designed pulse sequences based on square or delta-function waveforms such as Hahn spin echo or CPMG. However, such ideal pulses are often challenging to implement experimentally with high fidelity. Read More

Deep learning approaches have been widely used in Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) and they have achieved a significant accuracy improvement. Especially, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have been revisited in ASR recently. However, most CNNs used in existing work have less than 10 layers which may not be deep enough to capture all human speech signal information. Read More

Understanding how quantum resources can be quantified and distributed over many parties has profound applications in quantum communication. As one of the most intriguing features of quantum mechanics, Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering is a useful resource for secure quantum networks. By reconstructing the covariance matrix of a continuous variable four-mode square Gaussian cluster state subject to asymmetric loss, we quantify the amount of bipartite steering with a variable number of modes per party, and verify recently introduced monogamy relations for Gaussian steerability, which establish quantitative constraints on the security of information shared among different parties. Read More

We demonstrate new mechanisms for gate tunable current partition at topological zero-line intersections in a graphene-based current splitter. Based on numerical calculations of the non-equilibrium Green's functions and Landauer-B\"{u}ttiker formula, we show that the presence of a perpendicular magnetic field on the order of a few Teslas allows for carrier sign dependent current routing. In the zero-field limit the control on current routing and partition can be achieved within a range of $10\%$-$90\%$ of the total incoming current by tuning the carrier density at tilted intersections, or by modifying the relative magnitude of the bulk band gaps via gate voltage. Read More

We report the observations of an electron vortex magnetic hole corresponding to a new type of coherent structures in the magnetosheath turbulent plasma using the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission data. The magnetic hole is characterized by a magnetic depression, a density peak, a total electron temperature increase (with a parallel temperature decrease but a perpendicular temperature increase), and strong currents carried by the electrons. The current has a dip in the center of the magnetic hole and a peak in the outer region of the magnetic hole. Read More

We investigate the generation of ultraviolet (UV) second-harmonic radiation on the boundary of a UV transparent crystal, which is derived from the automatic partial phase matching of the incident wave and the total internal reflection. By adhering to another UV non-transparency crystal with larger second-order nonlinear coefficient \chi^{(2)}, an nonlinear interface with large disparity in \chi^{(2)} is formed and the enhancement of UV second-harmonic radiation is observed experimentally. The intensity of enhanced second harmonic wave generated at the nonlinear interface was up to 11. Read More

We study the configuration of efficient nonlinear Cerenkov diffraction generated from a one-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal surface, which underlies the incorporation of both quasi-phase-matching and total internal reflection by the crystal surface. Multidirectional radiation spots with different Cerenkov angles are demonstrated experimentally, which results from different orders of reciprocal vectors. At specific angles, the incident light and total internal reflect light associating with quasi-phase-matching format completely phase-matching scheme, leading to great enhancement of harmonic efficiency. Read More

Quantum entanglement swapping is one of the most promising ways to realize the quantum connection among local quantum nodes. In this Letter, we present an experimental demonstration of the entanglement swapping between two independent multipartite entangled states, each of which involves a tripartite Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) entangled state of an optical field. The entanglement swapping is implemented deterministically by means of a joint measurement on two optical modes coming from the two multipartite entangled states respectively and the classical feedforward of the measurement results. Read More

Hand detection is essential for many hand related tasks, e.g. parsing hand pose, understanding gesture, which are extremely useful for robotics and human-computer interaction. Read More

In this paper we revisit a discrete spectral problem which was proposed by Ragnisco and Tu in 1989, as a second discretization of the ZS-AKNS spectral problem. We show that the spectral problem corresponds to a bidirectional discretization of the derivative of two wave functions $\phi_{1,x}$ and $\phi_{2,x}$. As a connection with higher dimensional systems, the spectral problem and a related hierarchy can be derived from Lax triads of the differential-difference KP hierarchy via a symmetry constraint. Read More

In the solar wind, power spectral density (PSD) of the magnetic field fluctuations generally follow the so-called Kolmogorov spectrum f^-5/3 in the inertial range, where the dynamics is thought to be dominated by nonlinear interactions between counter-propagating incompressible Alfv\'en wave parquets. These features are thought to be ubiquitous in space plasmas. The present study gives a new and more complex picture of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) turbulence as observed in the terrestrial magnetosheath. Read More

Thermalization process of nuclear matter in central fireball region of heavy-ion collisions is investigated by employing an extension model of Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck, namely the Van der Waals Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (VdWBUU) model. Temperature ($T$) is extracted by the quantum Fermion fluctuation approach and other thermodynamic quantities, such as density ($\rho$), entropy density ($s$), shear viscosity ($\eta$), isospin diffusivity ($D_{I}$) and heat conductivity ($\kappa$), are also deduced. The liquid-like and gas-like phase signs are discussed through the behavior of shear viscosity during heavy-ion collisions process with the VdWBUU model. Read More

"Net neutrality" often refers to the policy dictating that an Internet service provider (ISP) cannot charge content providers (CPs) for delivering their content to consumers. Many past quantitative models designed to determine whether net neutrality is a good idea have been rather equivocal in their conclusions. Here we propose a very simple two-sided market model, in which the types of the consumers and the CPs are {\em power-law distributed} --- a kind of distribution known to often arise precisely in connection with Internet-related phenomena. Read More

Carrier mobility is a crucial character for electronic devices since it domains power dissipation and switching speed. Materials with certain high carrier mobility, equally, unveil rich unusual physical phenomena elusive in their conventional counterparts. As a consequence, the methods to enhance the carrier mobility of materials receive immense research interests due to their potential applications in more effective electronic devices and enrichment of more unusual phenomena. Read More


The unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) differential cross sections in $^3$He($e,e^{\prime}\pi^{\pm}$)$X$ have been measured for the first time in Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 performed with a $5.9\,$GeV $e^-$ beam on a $^3$He target. The experiment focuses on the valence quark region, covering a kinematic range $0. Read More

In this paper, we investigate rainbow connection number $rc(G)$ of bridgeless outerplanar graphs $G$ with diameter 2 or 3. We proved the following results: If $G$ has diameter $2,$ then $rc(G)=3$ for fan graphs $F_{n}$ with $n\geq 7$ or $C_5,$ otherwise $rc(G)=2;$ if $G$ has diameter $3,$ then $rc(G)\leq 4$ and the bound is sharp. Read More

We report on the emergence of robust superconducting order in single crystal alloys of 2H-TaSe$_{2-x}$S$_{x}$ (0$\leq$x$\leq$2) . The critical temperature of the alloy is surprisingly higher than that of the two end compounds TaSe$_{2}$ and TaS$_{2}$. The evolution of superconducting critical temperature T$_{c} (x)$ correlates with the full width at half maximum of the Bragg peaks and with the linear term of the high temperature resistivity. Read More

We derive an exact operatorial reformulation of the rotational invariant slave boson method and we apply it to describe the orbital differentiation in strongly correlated electron systems starting from first principles. The approach enables us to treat strong electron correlations, spin-orbit coupling and crystal field splittings on the same footing by exploiting the gauge invariance of the mean-field equations. We apply our theory to the archetypical nuclear fuel UO$_2$, and show that the ground state of this system displays a pronounced orbital differention within the $5f$ manifold, with Mott localized $\Gamma_8$ and extended $\Gamma_7$ electrons. Read More

The collective dynamics of a dipolar fermionic quantum gas confined in a one-dimensional double-well superlattice is explored. The fermionic gas resides in a paramagnetic-like ground state in the weak interaction regime, upon which a new type of collective dynamics is found when applying a local perturbation. This dynamics is composed of the local tunneling of fermions in separate supercells, and is a pure quantum effect, with no classical counterpart. Read More

We present the first installation and characterization of a phased array feed (PAF) on the 64 m Parkes radio telescope. The combined system operates best between 0.8 GHz and 1. Read More

This paper discusses an efficient parallel implementation of the ensemble Kalman filter based on the modified Cholesky decomposition. The proposed implementation starts with decomposing the domain into sub-domains. In each sub-domain a sparse estimation of the inverse background error covariance matrix is computed via a modified Cholesky decomposition; the estimates are computed concurrently on separate processors. Read More

This paper develops an efficient implementation of the ensemble Kalman filter based on a modified Cholesky decomposition for inverse covariance matrix estimation. This implementation is named EnKF-MC. Background errors corresponding to distant model components with respect to some radius of influence are assumed to be conditionally independent. Read More

In this paper, we consider rainbow connection number of maximal outerplanar graphs(MOPs) on algorithmic aspect. For the (MOP) $G$, we give sufficient conditions to guarantee that $rc(G) = diam(G).$ Moreover, we produce the graph with given diameter $d$ and give their rainbow coloring in linear time. Read More

The modulation of band gap in the two-dimensional carbon materials is of impor- tance for their applications as electronic devices. By first-principles calculations, we propose a model to control the band gap size of {\gamma}-graphyne. The model is named as p-n codoping, i. Read More

We consider dipolar excitations propagating via dipole-induced exchange among immobile molecules randomly spaced in a lattice. The character of the propagation is determined by long-range hops (Levy flights). We analyze the eigen-energy spectra and the multifractal structure of the wavefunctions. Read More

We report on the results of the E06-014 experiment performed at Jefferson Lab in Hall A, where a precision measurement of the twist-3 matrix element $d_2$ of the neutron ($d_{2}^{n}$) was conducted. This quantity represents the average color Lorentz force a struck quark experiences in a deep inelastic electron scattering event off a neutron due to its interaction with the hadronizing remnants. This color force was determined from a linear combination of the third moments of the spin structure functions $g_1$ and $g_2$ on $^{3}$He after nuclear corrections had been applied to these moments. Read More

We theoretically investigate the application of the fringe-locking method (FLM) in the dual-species quantum test of the weak equivalence principle (WEP). With the FLM, the measurement is performed invariably at the midfringe, and the extraction of the phase shift for atom interferometers is linearized. For the simultaneous interferometers, this linearization enables a good common-mode rejection of vibration noise, which is usually the main limit for high precision WEP tests of dual-species kind. Read More

A theoretical model is presented to reveal the mechanism of B doping into graphene in the microwave plasma experiment choosing trimethylboron as the doping source (ACS NANO 6 (2012) 1970). The results show that the reason for B doping comes from the combinational interaction of B and other groups (C, H, CH, CH2 or CH3) decomposing from trimethylboron and the doping undergoes two crucial steps. The minimal energy path for the first step are determined. Read More

Modeling data with multivariate count responses is a challenging problem due to the discrete nature of the responses. Existing methods for univariate count responses cannot be easily extended to the multivariate case since the dependency among multiple responses needs to be properly accommodated. In this paper, we propose a multivariate Poisson log-normal regression model for multivariate data with count responses. Read More

We report a test of the universality of free fall (UFF) by comparing the gravity acceleration of the $^{87}$Rb atoms in $m_F=+1$ versus that in $m_F=-1$, where the corresponding spin orientations are opposite. A Mach-Zehnder-type atom interferometer is exploited to sequentially measure the free fall acceleration of the atoms in these two magnetic sublevels, and the resultant E$\rm{\ddot{o}}$tv$\rm{\ddot{o}}$s ratio is ${\eta _S} =(0.2\pm1. Read More

Recent advance in quantum simulations of interacting photons using superconducting circuits offers opportunities for investigating the Bose-Hubbard model in various geometries with hopping coefficients and self-interactions tuned to both signs. Here we investigate phenomena related to localized states associated with a flat-band supported by the saw-tooth geometry. A localization-delocalization transition emerges in the non-interacting regime as the sign of hopping coefficient is changed. Read More

We report transverse and longitudinal magneto-transport properties of NbAs2 single crystals. Attributing to the electron-hole compensation, non-saturating large transverse magnetoresistance reaches up to 8000 at 9 T at 1.8 K with mobility around 1 to 2 m^2V^-1S^-1. Read More

We theoretically investigate the localization mechanism of the quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) in the presence of spin-flip disorders. We show that the QAHE keeps quantized at weak disorders, then enters a Berry-curvature mediated metallic phase at moderate disorders, and finally goes into the Anderson insulating phase at strong disorders. From the phase diagram, we find that at the charge neutrality point although the QAHE is most robust against disorders, the corresponding metallic phase is much easier to be localized into the Anderson insulating phase due to the \textit{interchange} of Berry curvatures carried respectively by the conduction and valence bands. Read More

We theoretically report that, with \textit{in-plane} magnetization, the quantum anomalous Hall effect (QAHE) can be realized in two-dimensional atomic crystal layers with preserved inversion symmetry but broken out-of-plane mirror reflection symmetry. We take the honeycomb lattice as an example, where we find that the low-buckled structure, which makes the system satisfy the symmetric criteria, is crucial to induce QAHE. The topologically nontrivial bulk gap carrying a Chern number of $\mathcal{C}=\pm1$ opens in the vicinity of the saddle points $M$, where the band dispersion exhibits strong anisotropy. Read More

We present the TRIQS/DFTTools package, an application based on the TRIQS library that connects this toolbox to realistic materials calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). In particular, TRIQS/DFTTools together with TRIQS allows an efficient implementation of DFT plus dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) calculations. It supplies tools and methods to construct Wannier functions and to perform the DMFT self-consistency cycle in this basis set. Read More

As an extension of previous works on classical tests of Kaluza-Klein (KK) gravity and as an attempt to find more stringent constraints on this theory, its effects on physical experiments and astronomical observations conducted in the Solar System are studied. We investigate the gravitational time delay at inferior conjunction caused by KK gravity, and use new Solar System ephemerides and the observation of \textit{Cassini} to strengthen constraints on KK gravity by up to two orders of magnitude. These improved upper bounds mean that the fifth-dimensional space in the soliton case is a very flat extra dimension in the Solar System, even in the vicinity of the Sun. Read More

The quantum entanglement between two qubits is crucial for applications in the quantum communication. After the entanglement of photons was experimentally realized, much effort has been taken to exploit the entangled electrons in solid-state systems. Here, we propose a Cooper-pair splitter, which can generate spatially-separated but entangled electrons, in a quantum anomalous Hall insulator proximity-coupled with a superconductor. Read More

We develop a variational scheme called "Gutzwiller renormalization group" (GRG), which enables us to calculate the ground state of Anderson impurity models (AIM) with arbitrary numerical precision. Our method can exploit the low-entanglement property of the ground state in combination with the framework of the Gutzwiller wavefunction, and suggests that the ground state of the AIM has a very simple structure, which can be represented very accurately in terms of a surprisingly small number of variational parameters. We perform benchmark calculations of the single-band AIM that validate our theory and indicate that the GRG might enable us to study complex systems beyond the reach of the other methods presently available and pave the way to interesting generalizations, e. Read More

In this paper, we propose a parallel space-time domain decomposition method for solving an unsteady source identification problem governed by the linear convection-diffusion equation. Traditional approaches require to solve repeatedly a forward parabolic system, an adjoint system and a system with respect to the unknowns. The three systems have to be solved one after another. Read More

As the number of processor cores on supercomputers becomes larger and larger, algorithms with high degree of parallelism attract more attention. In this work, we propose a novel space-time coupled algorithm for solving an inverse problem associated with the time-dependent convection-diffusion equation in three dimensions. We introduce a mixed finite element/finite difference method and a one-level and a two-level space-time parallel domain decomposition preconditioner for the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) system induced from reformulating the inverse problem as an output least-squares optimization problem in the space-time domain. Read More

We compute upper limits on the nanohertz-frequency isotropic stochastic gravitational wave background (GWB) using the 9-year data release from the North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves (NANOGrav) collaboration. We set upper limits for a GWB from supermassive black hole binaries under power law, broken power law, and free spectral coefficient GW spectrum models. We place a 95\% upper limit on the strain amplitude (at a frequency of yr$^{-1}$) in the power law model of $A_{\rm gw} < 1. Read More

The light absorption of a monolayer graphene-molybdenum disulfide photovoltaic (GM-PV) cell in a wedge-shaped microcavity with a spectrum-splitting structure is investigated theoretically. The GM-PV cell, which is three times thinner than the traditional photovoltaic cell, exhibits up to 98\% light absorptivity in a wide wavelength range. This rate exceeds the fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells. Read More