Wen Ping Chen - Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Wen Ping Chen
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Wen Ping Chen
Shanghai Jiao Tong University

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Computer Science - Information Theory (11)
Mathematics - Information Theory (11)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (8)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (8)
Physics - Optics (6)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (6)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (2)
Physics - Classical Physics (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)

Publications Authored By Wen Ping Chen

This study investigates the ultraslow diffusion by a spatial structural derivative, in which the exponential function exp(x)is selected as the structural function to construct the local structural derivative diffusion equation model. The analytical solution of the diffusion equation is a form of Biexponential distribution. Its corresponding mean squared displacement is numerically calculated, and increases more slowly than the logarithmic function of time. Read More

This study is to investigate the feasibility of least square method in fitting non-Gaussian noise data. We add different levels of the two typical non-Gaussian noises, L\'evy and stretched Gaussian noises, to exact value of the selected functions including linear equations, polynomial and exponential equations, and the maximum absolute and the mean square errors are calculated for the different cases. L\'evy and stretched Gaussian distributions have many applications in fractional and fractal calculus. Read More

Authors: Derek Ward-Thompson, Kate Pattle, Pierre Bastien, Ray S. Furuya, Woojin Kwon, Shih-Ping Lai, Keping Qiu, David Berry, Minho Choi, Simon Coudé, James Di Francesco, Thiem Hoang, Erica Franzmann, Per Friberg, Sarah F. Graves, Jane S. Greaves, Martin Houde, Doug Johnstone, Jason M. Kirk, Patrick M. Koch, Jungmi Kwon, Chang Won Lee, Di Li, Brenda C. Matthews, Joseph C. Mottram, Harriet Parsons, Andy Pon, Ramprasad Rao, Mark Rawlings, Hiroko Shinnaga, Sarah Sadavoy, Sven van Loo, Yusuke Aso, Do-Young Byun, Eswariah Chakali, Huei-Ru Chen, Mike C. -Y. Chen, Wen Ping Chen, Tao-Chung Ching, Jungyeon Cho, Antonio Chrysostomou, Eun Jung Chung, Yasuo Doi, Emily Drabek-Maunder, Stewart P. S. Eyres, Jason Fiege, Rachel K. Friesen, Gary Fuller, Tim Gledhill, Matt J. Griffin, Qilao Gu, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Jennifer Hatchell, Saeko S. Hayashi, Wayne Holland, Tsuyoshi Inoue, Shu-ichiro Inutsuka, Kazunari Iwasaki, Il-Gyo Jeong, Ji-hyun Kang, Miju Kang, Sung-ju Kang, Koji S. Kawabata, Francisca Kemper, Gwanjeong Kim, Jongsoo Kim, Kee-Tae Kim, Kyoung Hee Kim, Mi-Ryang Kim, Shinyoung Kim, Kevin M. Lacaille, Jeong-Eun Lee, Sang-Sung Lee, Dalei Li, Hua-bai Li, Hong-Li Liu, Junhao Liu, Sheng-Yuan Liu, Tie Liu, A-Ran Lyo, Steve Mairs, Masafumi Matsumura, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Fumitaka Nakamura, Hiroyuki Nakanishi, Nagayoshi Ohashi, Takashi Onaka, Nicolas Peretto, Tae-Soo Pyo, Lei Qian, Brendan Retter, John Richer, Andrew Rigby, Jean-François Robitaille, Giorgio Savini, Anna M. M. Scaife, Archana Soam, Motohide Tamura, Ya-Wen Tang, Kohji Tomisaka, Hongchi Wang, Jia-Wei Wang, Anthony P. Whitworth, Hsi-Wei Yen, Hyunju Yoo, Jinghua Yuan, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Guoyin Zhang, Jianjun Zhou, Lei Zhu, Philippe André, C. Darren Dowell, Sam Falle, Yusuke Tsukamoto

We present the first results from the B-fields In STar-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey, using the Sub-millimetre Common-User Bolometer Array 2 (SCUBA-2) camera, with its associated polarimeter (POL-2), on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii. We discuss the survey's aims and objectives. We describe the rationale behind the survey, and the questions which the survey will aim to answer. Read More

To increase the scalability of Software Defined Networks (SDNs), flow aggregation schemes have been proposed to merge multiple mouse flows into an elephant aggregated flow for traffic engineering. In this paper, we first notice that the user bit-rate requirements of mouse flows are no longer guaranteed in the aggregated flow since the flow rate decided by the TCP allocation is usually different from the desired bit-rate of each user. To address the above issue, we present a novel architecture, named Flexible Flow And Rate Management (F$^2$ARM), to control the rates of only a few flows in order to increase the scalability of SDN, while leaving the uncontrolled flows managed by TCP. Read More

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) on Software-Defined Networks (SDN) can effectively optimize the allocation of Virtual Network Functions (VNFs) and the routing of network flows simultaneously. Nevertheless, most previous studies on NFV focus on unicast service chains and thereby are not scalable to support a large number of destinations in multicast. On the other hand, the allocation of VNFs has not been supported in the current SDN multicast routing algorithms. Read More

Apollo-type NEA (3200) Phaethon, classified at the B/F-type taxonomy, probably the main mass of the Phaethon-Geminid stream complex (PGC), can be the most metamorphic C-complex asteroid in our solar system, since it is heated up to ~1000 K by the solar radiation around its perihelion passages. Hence, its surface material may be easily decomposed in near-sun environment. Phaethon's spectrum exhibits extremely blue-slope in the VIS-NIR region (so-called Phaethon Blue). Read More

Some short-period, detached binary systems have recently been reported to experience very rapid orbital decay, much faster than is expected from the angular-momentum loss caused by gravitational radiation alone. As these systems contain fully convective stars, magnetic braking is not believed to be operative, making the large orbital-period derivative puzzling. Here we explore whether a resonant interaction between the binary and a surrounding circumbinary (CB) disk could account for the observed orbital decay. Read More

It is generally thought that an ultracompact X-ray binary is composed with a neutron star and a helium white dwarf donor star. As one of the most compact binaries, 4U 1820-303 in globular cluster NGC 6624 was predicted an orbital-period derivative at a rate of $\dot{P}/P\sim1.1\times10^{-7}$ ${\rm yr^{-1}}$ if the mass transfer is fully driven by gravitational radiation. Read More

In this paper, we consider the problem of polar coding for block fading channels, with emphasis on those with instantaneous channel state information (CSI) at neither the transmitter nor the receiver. Our approach is to decompose a block fading channel of $T_c$ symbols per coherent interval into $T_c$ binary-input sub-channels in a capacity-preserving way, and design a polar code for each of them. For the case when instantaneous CSI is available at the receiver, a random interleaver can be used to enable joint encoding and decoding of all sub-channels so as to enhance the finite length performance. Read More

Exceptional points are degeneracies in non-Hermitian systems. A two-state system with parity-time (PT) symmetry usually has only one exceptional point beyond which the eigenmodes are PT-symmetry broken. The so-called symmetry recovery, i. Read More

Luminous high-redshift quasars can be used to probe of the intergalactic medium (IGM) in the early universe because their UV light is absorbed by the neutral hydrogen along the line of sight. They help us to measure the neutral hydrogen fraction of the high-z universe, shedding light on the end of reionization epoch. In this paper, we present a discovery of a new quasar (PSO J006. Read More

This paper studies dynamic spectrum leasing in a cognitive radio network. There are two spectrum sellers, who are two primary networks, each with an amount of licensed spectrum bandwidth. When a seller has some unused spectrum, it would like to lease the unused spectrum to secondary users. Read More

This paper studies polar coding for secure communications over the general two-way wiretap channel, where two legitimate users communicate with each other simultaneously while a passive eavesdropper overhears a combination of their exchanged signals. The legitimate users wish to design a coding scheme such that the interference between their codewords can be leveraged to jam the eavesdropper. This security method is called coded cooperative jamming. Read More

We propose and investigate a new type of metamaterial structure composing of several interpenetrating wire meshes. Calculated band structures show that they exhibit index ellipsoids locating at nonzero k-point in long wavelength limit. We can comprehend these quasistatic modes by Poison's equation and find these modes do not rely on the detailed geometry of the wires but the connectivities of the wires. Read More

We present the analysis of the morphology of Berkeley\,17, the oldest known open cluster ($\sim10$ Gyr), using a probabilistic star counting of Pan-STARRS point sources, and confirm its core-tail shape, plus an antitail, previously detected with 2MASS data. The stellar population, as diagnosed by the color-magnitude diagram and theoretical isochrones, shows more massive than lower-mass members in the cluster core, whereas there is a paucity of massive members in both tails. This manifests mass segregation in this aged star cluster with the low-mass members being stripped away from the system. Read More

Recent timing analysis reveals that the orbital period of the first discovered accreting millisecond pulsar SAX J1808.4-3658 is increasing at a rate $\dot{P}_{\rm orb}=(3.89\pm0. Read More

The stringent requirements of a 1,000 times increase in data traffic and one millisecond round trip latency have made limiting the potentially tremendous ensuing energy consumption one of the most challenging problems for the design of the upcoming fifth-generation (5G) networks. To enable sustainable 5G networks, new technologies have been proposed to improve the system energy efficiency and alternative energy sources are introduced to reduce our dependence on traditional fossil fuels. In particular, various 5G techniques target the reduction of the energy consumption without sacrificing the quality-of-service. Read More

We observed RZ LMi, which is renowned for the extremely (~19d) short supercycle and is a member of a small, unusual class of cataclysmic variables called ER UMa-type dwarf novae, in 2013 and 2016. In 2016, the supercycles of this object substantially lengthened in comparison to the previous measurements to 35, 32, 60d for three consecutive superoutbursts. We consider that the object virtually experienced a transition to the novalike state (permanent superhumper). Read More

Recently, ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) M82 X-2 has been identified to be an accreting neutron star, which has a $P=1.37$ s spin period, and is spinning up at a rate $\dot{P}=-2.0\times 10^{-10}~\rm s\,s^{-1}$. Read More

We consider the problem of polar coding for the 2-user discrete memoryless interference channel (DM-IC). Existing schemes are designed according to the original description of the Han-Kobayashi region, which involves two deterministic functions that map auxiliary random variables to channel inputs. Inspired by Chong et al. Read More

In this paper, we investigate spectrum-power trading between a small cell (SC) and a macro cell (MC), where the SC consumes power to serve the macro cell users (MUs) in exchange for some bandwidth from the MC. Our goal is to maximize the system energy efficiency (EE) of the SC while guaranteeing the quality of service of each MU as well as small cell users (SUs). Specifically, given the minimum data rate requirement and the bandwidth provided by the MC, the SC jointly optimizes MU selection, bandwidth allocation, and power allocation while guaranteeing its own minimum required system data rate. Read More

It is generally believed that Ultracompact X-ray binaries (UCXBs) evolved from binaries consisting of a neutron star accreting from a low-mass white dwarf or helium star where mass transfer is driven by gravitational radiation. However, the standard white-dwarf evolutionary channel cannot produce the relatively long-period ($40 - 60$\,min) UCXBs with high time-averaged mass-transfer rate. In this work, we explore an alternative evolutionary route toward UCXBs where the companions evolve from intermediate-mass Ap/Bp stars with an anomalously strong magnetic field ($100 - 10000$\,G). Read More

Although the majority of Centaurs are thought to have originated in the scattered disk, with the high-inclination members coming from the Oort cloud, the origin of the high inclination component of trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) remains uncertain. We report the discovery of a retrograde TNO, which we nickname "Niku", detected by the Pan-STARRS 1 Outer Solar System Survey. Our numerical integrations show that the orbital dynamics of Niku are very similar to that of 2008 KV$_{42}$ (Drac), with a half-life of $\sim 500$ Myr. Read More

Recent timing observation constrained the braking index of the X-ray pulsar PSR J1640-4631 to be $n=3.15\pm0.03$, which is the highest value of all pulsars with measured braking indices so far. Read More

How black holes accrete surrounding matter is a fundamental, yet unsolved question in astrophysics. It is generally believed that matter is absorbed into black holes via accretion disks, the state of which depends primarily on the mass-accretion rate. When this rate approaches the critical rate (the Eddington limit), thermal instability is supposed to occur in the inner disc, causing repetitive patterns of large-amplitude X-ray variability (oscillations) on timescales of minutes to hours. Read More

We show that Weyl points with topological charges 1 and 2 can be found in very simple chiral woodpile photonic crystals, which can be fabricated using current techniques down to the nano-scale. The sign of the topological charges can be tuned by changing the material parameters of the crystal, keeping the structure and the symmetry unchanged. The underlying physics can be understood using a tight binding model, which shows that the sign of the charge depends on the hopping range. Read More

This paper investigates spectrum-power trading be- tween a small cell (SC) and a macro-cell (MC), where the SC consumes power to serve the macro-cell users (MUs) in exchange for some bandwidth from the MC. Our goal is to maximize the system energy efficiency (EE) of the SC while guaranteeing the quality of service (QoS) of each MU as well as small cell users (SUs). Specifically, given the minimum data rate requirement and the bandwidth provided by the MC, the SC jointly optimizes MU selection, bandwidth allocation, and power allocation while guaranteeing its own minimum required system data rate. Read More

Most prior algorithms for influence maximization focused are designed for Online Social Networks (OSNs) and require centralized computation. Directly deploying the above algorithms in distributed Mobile Social Networks (MSNs) will overwhelm the networks due to an enormous number of messages required for seed selection. In this paper, therefore, we design a new cross-layer strategy to jointly examine MSN and mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs) to facilitate efficient seed selection, by extracting a subset of nodes as agents to represent nearby friends during the distributed computation. Read More

We report the discovery of 2 new Be stars, and re-identify one known Be star in the open cluster NGC 6830. Eleven H-alpha emitters were discovered using the H-alpha imaging photometry of the Palomar Transient Factory Survey. Stellar membership of the candidates was verified with photometric and kinematic information using 2MASS data and proper motions. Read More

We present monitoring observations of the active T Tauri star RW Aur, from 2010 October to 2015 January, using optical high-resolution (R>10000) spectroscopy with CFHT-ESPaDOnS. Optical photometry in the literature shows bright, stable fluxes over most of this period, with lower fluxes (by 2-3 mag.) in 2010 and 2014. Read More

We designed and fabricated a time-reversal invariant Weyl photonic crystal that possesses single Weyl nodes with topological charge of 1 and double Weyl nodes with a higher topological charge of 2. Using numerical simulations and microwave experiment, nontrivial band gaps with nonzero Chern numbers for a fixed kz was demonstrated. The robustness of the surface state between the Weyl photonic crystal and PEC against kz-conserving scattering was experimentally observed. Read More

This paper considers a wireless powered communication network (WPCN), where multiple users harvest energy from a dedicated power station and then communicate with an information receiving station. Our goal is to investigate the maximum achievable energy efficiency (EE) of the network via joint time allocation and power control while taking into account the initial battery energy of each user. We first study the EE maximization problem in the WPCN without any system throughput requirement. Read More

Recent timing observation reported that the radio pulsar PSR J1734 - 3333 with a rotating period $P=1.17~\rm s$ is slowing down with a period derivative $\dot{P}=2.28\times 10^{-12}\rm s\,s^{-1}$. Read More

Doubly selective (DS) channel estimation in largescale multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems is a challenging problem due to the requirement of unaffordable pilot overheads and prohibitive complexity. In this paper, we propose a novel distributed compressive sensing (DCS) based channel estimation scheme to solve this problem. In the scheme, we introduce the basis expansion model (BEM) to reduce the required channel coefficients and pilot overheads. Read More

In this paper, we price American-style Parisian down-and-in call options under the Black-Scholes framework. Usually, pricing an American-style option is much more difficult than pricing its European-style counterpart because of the appearance of the optimal exercise boundary in the former. Fortunately, the optimal exercise boundary associated with an American-style Parisian knock-in option only appears implicitly in its pricing partial differential equation (PDE) systems, instead of explicitly as in the case of an American-style Parisian knock-out option. Read More

Recently, compact black hole X-ray binaries XTE J 1118+480 and A0620-00 have been reported to be experiencing a fast orbital period decay, which is two orders of magnitude higher than expected with gravitational wave radiation. Magnetic braking of an Ap/Bp star has been suggested to account for the period change when the surface magnetic field of the companion star $B_{\rm s}\ga 10^{4}$ G. However, our calculation indicates that anomalous magnetic braking cannot significantly contribute to the large orbital period decay rates observed in these two sources even if $B_{\rm s}\ga 10^{4}$ G. Read More

Although Software-Defined Networking (SDN) enables flexible network resource allocations for traffic engineering, current literature mostly focuses on unicast communications. Compared to traffic engineering for multiple unicast flows, multicast traffic engineering for multiple trees is very challenging not only because minimizing the bandwidth consumption of a single multicast tree by solving the Steiner tree problem is already NP-Hard, but the Steiner tree problem does not consider the link capacity constraint for multicast flows and node capacity constraint to store the forwarding entries in Group Table of OpenFlow. In this paper, therefore, we first study the hardness results of scalable multicast traffic engineering in SDN. Read More

Inspired by the discovery of quantum hall effect and topological insulator, topological properties of classical waves start to draw worldwide attention. Topological non-trivial bands characterized by non-zero Chern numbers are realized with external magnetic field induced time reversal symmetry breaking or dynamic modulation. Due to the absence of Faraday-like effect, the breaking of time reversal symmetry in an acoustic system is commonly realized with moving background fluids, and hence drastically increases the engineering complexity. Read More

Most of the existing works on energy-efficient wireless communication systems only consider the transmitter (Tx) or the receiver (Rx) side power consumption but not both. Moreover, they often assume the static circuit power consumption. To be more practical, this paper considers the joint Tx and Rx power consumption in multiple-access radio networks, where the power model takes both the transmission power and the dynamic circuit power into account. Read More

A variety of methods have been proposed to define and to quantify galaxy environments. While these techniques work well in general with spectroscopic redshift samples, their application to photometric redshift surveys remains uncertain. To investigate whether galaxy environments can be robustly measured with photo-z samples, we quantify how the density measured with the nearest neighbor approach is affected by photo-z uncertainties by using the Durham mock galaxy catalogs in which the 3D real-space environments and the properties of galaxies are exactly known. Read More

In this paper, we propose a polar coding scheme for secure communication over the multiple-input, single-output, single-antenna eavesdropper (MISOSE) fading channel. We consider the case of block fading channels with known eavesdropper channel state information (CSI) and the case of fading channels with known eavesdropper channel distribution information (CDI). We use the artificial noise assisted secure precoding method to maximize the secrecy capacity in the first case, and to overcome the unawareness of the eavesdropper CSI in the second case. Read More

Wireless surveillance in cellular networks has become increasingly important, while commercial LTE surveillance cameras are also available nowadays. Nevertheless, most scheduling algorithms in the literature are throughput, fairness, or profit-based approaches, which are not suitable for wireless surveillance. In this paper, therefore, we explore the resource allocation problem for a multi-camera surveillance system in 3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE) uplink (UL) networks. Read More

Due to the proliferation of applications for the Internet of Things, an increasing number of machine to machine (M2M) devices are being deployed. In particular, one of the M2M applications, video surveillance, has been widely discussed. Long Term Evolution (LTE), which can provide a high rate of data transmission and wide range of coverage, is a promising standard to serve as an M2M video surveillance system. Read More

We proposed a group-theory method to calculate topological invariant in bi-isotropic photonic crystals invariant under crystallographic point group symmetries. Spin Chern number has been evaluated by the eigenvalues of rotation operators at high symmetry k-points after the pseudo-spin polarized fields are retrieved. Topological characters of photonic edge states and photonic band gaps can be well predicted by total spin Chern number. Read More

It is difficult for the intermediate-mass X-ray binaries (IMXBs) evolutionary channel to form intermediate-mass binary pulsars (IMBPs) with a short orbital period (less than 3 d) via stable mass transfer. The main reason is that the magnetic braking mechanisms are generally thought not to work for donor stars with a mass of greater than 1.5 $\rm M_{\odot}$ in the canonical model. Read More

We present the first study of the masses and decay constants of the pseudoscalar $ D $ mesons in two flavors lattice QCD with domain-wall fermion. The gauge ensembles are generated on the $24^3 \times 48 $ lattice with the extent $ N_s = 16 $ in the fifth dimension, and the plaquette gauge action at $ \beta = 6.10 $, for three sea-quark masses with corresponding pion masses in the range $260-475$ MeV. Read More

Achieving robust transport has attracted much attention in both electronic and photonic systems. Time-reversal invariant photonic crystal can be employed to realize backscattering-immune chiral state, but the chiral bandgap is topologically trivial. Here, we designed and fabricated a metacrystal comprising non-resonant meta-atoms sandwiched between two metallic plates and the system exhibits topological phase transition as established by group classification. Read More

Using a large sample of field and group galaxies drawn from the Pan-STARRS1 Medium-Deep Survey, we present the specific star formation rate (SSFR) - stellar mass (M*) relation, as well as the quiescent fraction versus M* relation in different environments. We confirm that the fraction of quiescent galaxies is strongly dependent on environment at a fixed stellar mass, but that the amplitude and the slope of the star-forming sequence is similar between the field and groups: in other words, the SSFR-density relation at a fixed stellar mass is primarily driven by the change in the star-forming and quiescent fractions between different environments rather than a global suppression in the star formation rate for the star-forming population. However, when we restrict our sample to the cluster-scale environments ($M>10^{14}M_{solar}$), we find a global reduction in the SSFR of the star forming sequence of $17\%$ at 4$\sigma$ confidence as opposed to its field counterpart. Read More

We study the restoration of the spontaneously broken chiral symmetry and the anomalously broken axial U(1) symmetry in finite temperature QCD at zero chemical potential. We use 2 flavors lattice QCD with optimal domain-wall fermion on the $ 16^3 \times 6 $ lattice, with the extent $ N_s = 16 $ in the fifth dimension, in the temperature range $ T = 130-230 $ MeV. To examine the restoration of the chiral symmetry and the axial $ U(1) $ symmetry, we use diluted $ Z_2 $ noises to calculate the chiral condensate, and the chiral susceptibilities in the scalar and pseudoscalar meson channels, for flavor singlet and non-singlet respectively. Read More

In this paper, we present a new cognitive radio (CR) scenario when the primary user (PU) operates under more than one transmit power levels. Different from the existing studies where PU is assumed to have only one constant transmit power, the new consideration well matches the practical standards, i.e. Read More