Wei Wang - Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taiwan

Wei Wang
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Name
Wei Wang
Affiliation
Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Taiwan
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Astrophysics of Galaxies (7)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (6)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (5)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5)
 
Quantum Physics (4)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
 
Mathematics - Complex Variables (3)
 
Physics - Physics and Society (3)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
 
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (2)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (2)
 
Physics - Materials Science (2)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (2)
 
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1)
 
Nuclear Experiment (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Databases (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
 
Computer Science - Robotics (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Computer Science - Architecture (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Wei Wang

In this paper, we have compared two different accretion mechanisms of dark matter particles by a canonical neutron star with $M=1.4~M_{\odot}$ and $R=10~{\rm km}$, and shown the effects of dark matter heating on the surface temperature of star. We should take into account the Bondi accretion of dark matter by neutron stars rather than the accretion mechanism of Kouvaris (2008) \citep{Kouvaris08}, once the dark matter density is higher than $\sim3. Read More

We propose an active question answering agent that learns to reformulate questions and combine evidence to improve question answering. The agent sits between the user and a black box question-answering system and learns to optimally probe the system with natural language reformulations of the initial question and to aggregate the evidence to return the best possible answer. The system is trained end-to-end to maximize answer quality using policy gradient. Read More

InGaAs-based Gate-all-Around (GAA) FETs with moderate to high In content are shown experimentally and theoretically to be unsuitable for low-leakage advanced CMOS nodes. The primary cause for this is the large leakage penalty induced by the Parasitic Bipolar Effect (PBE), which is seen to be particularly difficult to remedy in GAA architectures. Experimental evidence of PBE in In70Ga30As GAA FETs is demonstrated, along with a simulation-based analysis of the PBE behavior. Read More

We investigate the gate-voltage dependence of the magnetoconductivity of several amorphous InGaZnO$_4$ (a-IGZO) thin-film transistors (TFTs). The magnetoconductivity exhibits gate-voltage- controlled competitions between weak localization (WL) and weak antilocalization (WAL), and the respective weights of WL and WAL contributions demonstrate an intriguing universal dependence on the channel conductivity regardless of the difference in the electrical characteristics of the a-IGZO TFTs. Our findings help build a theoretical interpretation of the competing WL and WAL observed in the electron systems in a-IGZO TFTs. Read More

For highly interested organolead perovskite based solar cells, the photoproducts are regarded as the co-existed exciton and free carriers. In this study, we carefully re-examined this conclusion with our recently developed density-resolved spectroscopic method. Heat-annealing related two photoproduct systems are observed. Read More

In this paper, we prove the local well-posedness of plasma-vacuum interface problem for ideal incompressible magnetohydrodynamics under the stability condition: the magnetic field $\mathbf{h}$ and the vacuum magnetic field $\hat{\mathbf{h}}$ are non-collinear on the interface(i.e., $|\mathbf{h}\times \hat{\mathbf{h}}|>0$), which was introduced by Trakhinin as a stability condition for the compressible plasma-vacuum interface problem. Read More

We discuss the implications of the recently reported $R_K$ and $R_{K^*}$ anomalies, the lepton flavor non-universality in the $B\to K\ell^+\ell^-$ and $B\to K^*\ell^+\ell^-$. Using two sets of hadronic inputs of form factors, we perform a fit of the new physics to the $R_K$ and $R_{K^*}$ data, and significant new physics contributions are found. We propose to study the lepton flavor universality in a number of related rare $B, B_s, B_c$ and $\Lambda_b$ decay channels, and in particular we point out the $\mu$-to-$e$ ratios of decay widths with different polarizations of the final state particles, and of the $b\to d\ell^+\ell^-$ processes are presumably more sensitive to the structure of the underlying new physics. Read More

We investigate the star forming activity of a sample of infrared (IR)-bright dust-obscured galaxies (DOGs) that show an extreme red color in the optical and IR regime, $(i - [22])_{\rm AB} > 7.0$. Combining an IR-bright DOG sample with the flux at 22 $\mu$m $>$ 3. Read More

The identification of high-redshift massive galaxies with old stellar populations may pose challenges to some models of galaxy formation. However, to securely classify a galaxy as quiescent, it is necessary to exclude significant ongoing star formation, something that can be challenging to achieve at high redshift. In this letter, we analyse deep ALMA/870um and SCUBA-2/450um imaging of the claimed "post-starburst" galaxy ZF-20115 at z=3. Read More

The $k$-Cauchy-Fueter operators and complexes are quaternionic counterparts of the Cauchy-Riemann operator and the Dolbeault complex in the theory of several complex variables. To develop the function theory of several quaternionic variables, we need to solve the non-homogeneous $k$-Cauchy-Fueter equation over a domain under the compatibility condition, which naturally leads to a Neumann problem. The method of solving the $\overline{\partial}$-Neumann problem in the theory of several complex variables is applied to this Neumann problem. Read More

The $k$-Cauchy-Fueter operators, $k=0,1,\ldots$, are quaternionic counterparts of the Cauchy-Riemann operator in the theory of several complex variables. The weighted $L^2$ method to solve Cauchy-Riemann equation is applied to find the canonical solution to the non-homogeneous $k$-Cauchy-Fueter equation in a weighted $L^2$-space, by establishing the weighted $L^2$ estimate. The weighted $k$-Bergman space is the space of weighted $L^2$ integrable functions annihilated by the $k$-Cauchy-Fueter operator, as the counterpart of the Fock space of weighted $L^2$-holomorphic functions on $\mathbb{C}^n$. Read More

In this work, we study the charmed and bottomed baryons with two strange quarks within the heavy-quark-light-diquark framework. The two strange quarks lie in S wave and thus their total spin is 1. We calculate the mass spectra of the $S$ and $P$ wave orbitally excited states and find the $\Omega_c^0 (2695)$ and $\Omega_c^0 (2770)$ fit well as the $S$ wave states of charmed doubly strange baryons. Read More

The Physical Unclonable Function (PUF) is a promising hardware security primitive because of its inherent uniqueness and low cost. To extract the device-specific variation from delay-based strong PUFs, complex routing constraints are imposed to achieve symmetric path delays; and systematic variations can severely compromise the uniqueness of the PUF. In addition, the metastability of the arbiter circuit of an Arbiter PUF can also degrade the quality of the PUF due to the induced instability. Read More

The existence of doubly heavy baryons have not been well established in experiments so far. Searching for them is one of the important purposes at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) where plenty of heavy quarks have been generated. In this Letter we study the weak decays of doubly charmed baryons, $\Xi_{cc}^{++}$ and $\Xi_{cc}^{+}$, using the light-front quark model to calculate the transition form factors and firstly considering the rescattering mechanism for the long-distance contributions to predict the corresponding branching fractions. Read More

Robot vision is a fundamental device for human-robot interaction and robot complex tasks. In this paper, we use Kinect and propose a feature graph fusion (FGF) for robot recognition. Our feature fusion utilizes RGB and depth information to construct fused feature from Kinect. Read More

Memory caches are being aggressively used in today's data-parallel systems such as Spark, Tez, and Piccolo. However, prevalent systems employ rather simple cache management policies--notably the Least Recently Used (LRU) policy--that are oblivious to the application semantics of data dependency, expressed as a directed acyclic graph (DAG). Without this knowledge, memory caching can at best be performed by "guessing" the future data access patterns based on historical information (e. Read More

Promoting information spreading is a booming research topic in network science community. However, the exiting studies about promoting information spreading seldom took into account the human memory, which plays an important role in the spreading dynamics. In this paper we propose a non-Markovian information spreading model on complex networks, in which every informed node contacts a neighbor by using the memory of neighbor's accumulated contact numbers in the past. Read More

We have investigated the gate-voltage dependence and the temperature dependence of the magnetoconductivity of amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide thin-film transistors. A weak-localization feature is observed at small magnetic fields on top of an overall negative magnetoconductivity at higher fields. An intriguing controllable competition between weak localization and weak antilocalization is observed by tuning the gate voltage or varying the temperature. Read More

Two-dimensional (2D) materials are composed of atomically thin crystals with an enormous surface-to-volume ratio, and their physical properties can be easily subjected to the change of the chemical environment. Encapsulation with other layered materials, such as hexagonal boron nitride, is a common practice; however, this approach often requires inextricable fabrication processes. Alternatively, it is intriguing to explore methods to control transport properties in the circumstance of no encapsulated layer. Read More

Quantum digital signatures (QDS) provide a means for signing electronic communications with informationtheoretic security. However, all previous demonstrations of quantum digital signatures assume trusted measurement devices. This renders them vulnerable against detector side-channel attacks, just like quantum key distribution. Read More

A layer-pressure topological phase diagram is obtained for few-layer phosphorene under increasing hydrostatic pressures by first-principles electronic structure calculations. We show that pressure can effectively manipulates the band structures of few-layer phosphorene -- a pressure of less than 4.2 GPa can drive the quasi-two-dimensional (2D) phosphorene (of 4 layers or thicker) from normal insulators to nontrivial topological Dirac semimetals (TDSMs). Read More

Argument component detection (ACD) is an important sub-task in argumentation mining. ACD aims at detecting and classifying different argument components in natural language texts. Historical annotations (HAs) are important features the human annotators consider when they manually perform the ACD task. Read More

Kitaev interactions underlying a quantum spin liquid have been long sought, but experimental data from which their strengths can be determined directly is still lacking. Here, by carrying out inelastic neutron scattering measurements on high-quality single crystals of $\alpha$-RuCl$_3$, we observe spin-wave spectra with a gap of $\sim$2 meV around the M point of the two-dimensional Brillouin zone. We derive an effective-spin model in the strong-coupling limit based on energy bands obtained from first-principle calculations, and find that the anisotropic Kitaev interaction $K$ term and the isotropic antiferromagentic off-diagonal exchange interaction $\Gamma$ term are significantly larger than the Heisenberg exchange coupling $J$ term. Read More

In this first paper in the SUPER GOODS series on powerfully star-forming galaxies in the two GOODS fields, we present a deep SCUBA-2 survey of the GOODS-N at both 850 and 450 micron (central rms noise of 0.28 mJy and 2.6 mJy, respectively). Read More

We use ultradeep 20 cm data from the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array and 850 micron data from SCUBA-2 and the Submillimeter Array of an 124 arcmin^2 region of the Chandra Deep Field-north to analyze the high radio power (P_20cm>10^31 erg s^-1 Hz^-1) population. We find that 20 (42+/-9%) of the spectroscopically identified z>0. Read More

We report the discovery of a mysterious giant $H_{\alpha}$ blob that is $\sim 8$ kpc away from the main MaNGA target 1-24145, one component of a dry galaxy merger, identified in the first-year SDSS-IV MaNGA data. The size of the $H_{\alpha}$ blob is $\sim$ 3-4 kpc in radius, and the $H_{\alpha}$ distribution is centrally concentrated. However, there is no optical continuum counterpart in deep broadband images reaching $\sim$26. Read More

We present a theoretical analysis of the $D^-\to \pi^+\pi^- \ell\bar\nu$ and $\bar D^0\to \pi^+\pi^0 \ell\bar\nu$ decays. We construct a general angular distribution which can include arbitrary partial waves of $\pi\pi$. Retaining the S-wave and P-wave contributions we study the branching ratios, forward-backward asymmetries and a few other observables. Read More

Let $H$ be a Hopf quasigroup with bijective antipode and let $Aut_{HQG}(H)$ be the set of all Hopf quasigroup automorphisms of $H$. We introduce a category ${_{H}\mathcal{YDQ}^{H}}(\alpha,\beta)$ with $\alpha,\beta\in Aut_{HQG}(H)$ and construct a braided $T$-category $\mathcal{YDQ}(H)$ having all the categories ${_{H}\mathcal{YDQ}^{H}}(\alpha,\beta)$ as components. Read More

Designing an efficient routing strategy is of great importance to alleviate traffic congestion in multilayer networks. In this work, we design an effective routing strategy for multilayer networks by comprehensively considering the roles of nodes' local structures in micro-level, as well as the macro-level differences in transmission speeds between different layers. Both numerical and analytical results indicate that our proposed routing strategy can reasonably redistribute the traffic load of the low speed layer to the high speed layer, and thus the traffic capacity of multilayer networks are significantly enhanced compared with the monolayer low speed networks. Read More

The lack of stability is one of the major limitations that constrains PUF from being put in widespread practical use. In this paper, we propose a weak PUF and a strong PUF that are both completely stable with 0% intra-distance. These PUFs are called Locally Enhanced Defectivity (LED)PUF. Read More

Quantum coherence is a key resource in quantum information processing scenarios, and quantifying coherence is an important task for both quantum foundation and quantum technology. However, until now, all most of coherence measures are basis-dependent that does not accord with physical reality, since the physical properties of the physical system should not be changed with the different choice of coordinate systems. Here, we propose an \textit{intrinsic basis-independent quantum coherence measure} which satisfies all conditions for quantifying coherence. Read More

Doubly-heavy baryons, with two heavy and one light quarks, are expected to exist in QCD and their masses have been predicted in the quark model. However their existence is not well established so far in experiment. In this work, we explore the possibility of searching for $\Xi_{bc}$ and $\Xi_{cc}^{+}$ in the $W$-exchange processes, $\Xi_{bc}^{0}\to pK^{-}$ and $\Xi_{cc}^{+}\to \Sigma_{c}^{++}(2520)K^{-}$. Read More

The Be X-ray pulsar, SMC X-3 underwent a giant outburst in 2016, which was monitored with the Swift satellite. During the outburst, the fluxes in the broadband increased dramatically, and the 0.6--10 keV unabsorbed luminosity reached an extreme value of $\sim 10^{39}$ erg/s around August 24. Read More

Recent several experiments revealed that novel bipartite magnetic/superconducting phases widely exist in iron pnictides and chalcogenides. Nevertheless, the origin of the two-dome superconducting phases in iron-based compounds still remains unclear. Here we theoretically investigated the electronic structures, magnetic and superconducting properties of three representative iron-based systems, i. Read More

We study the spin-wave excitations in $\alpha$-RuCl$_3$ by the spin-wave theory. Starting from the five-orbital Hubbard model and the perturbation theory, we derive an effective isospin-$1/2$ model in the large Hubbard ($U$) limit. Based on the energy-band structure calculated from the first-principle method, we find that the effective model can be further reduced to the $K-\Gamma$ model containing a ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor (NN) Kitaev interaction ($K$) and a NN off-diagonal exchange interaction ($\Gamma$). Read More

In this work, we present a generic framework for the emergence of the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ toric-code and the double-semion topological order in a class of strongly interacting hardcore Bose-Hubbard-type lattice model governed by two-site density-density interaction. We study conditions on the density-density interaction and filling factor, which give rise to topological degeneracy; and show that certain dynamics in these models determines the toric-code and the double-semion topological order respectively. As indicated by our results, the density-density interaction and fractional filling factor determine the capability of these models to harbor the toric-code and the double-semion topological order in the strong-interaction limit, and generate "restricted patterns" of the long-range entanglement realized in corresponding string-net models of the same topological order. Read More

We have constructed a non-Hermitian two-level system (a PT -symmetric system) in dissipative environments, and investigated the quantum coherence in the non-Hermitian two-level system. Our results show that, quantum coherence can be created by PT -symmetric systems, even if the initial state of the twolevel system is incoherent state. Even though two-level system is interacted with dissipative environments, the quantum coherence exhibits a long-lived revival, and can be protected. Read More

Models of epidemic spreading on complex networks have attracted great attention among researchers in physics, mathematics, and epidemiology due to their success in predicting and controlling scenarios of epidemic spreading in real-world scenarios. To understand the interplay between epidemic spreading and the topology of a contact network, several outstanding theoretical approaches have been developed. An accurate theoretical approach describing the spreading dynamics must take both the network topology and dynamical correlations into consideration at the expense of increasing the complexity of the equations. Read More

We present measurements of the clustering properties of a sample of infrared (IR) bright dust-obscured galaxies (DOGs). Combining 125 deg$^2$ of wide and deep optical images obtained with the Hyper Suprime-Cam on the Subaru Telescope and all-sky mid-IR (MIR) images taken with Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer, we have discovered 4,367 IR-bright DOGs with $(i - [22])_{\rm AB}$ $>$ 7.0 and flux density at 22 $\mu$m $>$ 1. Read More

Effective image and sentence matching depends on how to well measure their global visual-semantic similarity. Based on the observation that such a global similarity arises from a complex aggregation of multiple local similarities between pairwise instances of image (objects) and sentence (words), we propose a selective multimodal Long Short-Term Memory network (sm-LSTM) for instance-aware image and sentence matching. The sm-LSTM includes a multimodal context-modulated attention scheme at each timestep that can selectively attend to a pair of instances of image and sentence, by predicting pairwise instance-aware saliency maps for image and sentence. Read More

Video captioning which automatically translates video clips into natural language sentences is a very important task in computer vision. By virtue of recent deep learning technologies, e.g. Read More

Previous work has shown that feature maps of deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) can be interpreted as feature representation of a particular image region. Features aggregated from these feature maps have been exploited for image retrieval tasks and achieved state-of-the-art performances in recent years. The key to the success of such methods is the feature representation. Read More

The construction of polar codes for channels other than BECs requires sorting of all bit channels and then selecting the best $K$ of them for a block length $N=2^n$. In this paper, two types of partial orders (PO) of polar codes are incorporated in the construction process to decrease the required computations. Three sets, corresponding to the good bit channels ($\mathcal{I}$), the frozen bit channels ($\mathcal{F}$), and the undetermined bit channels ($\mathcal{U}$), are selected by applying PO relations. Read More

Searching for the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay (NLDBD) is now regarded as the topmost promising technique to explore the nature of neutrinos after the discovery of neutrino masses in oscillation experiments. PandaX-III (Particle And Astrophysical Xenon Experiment III) will search for the NLDBD of $^{136}$Xe at the China Jin Ping underground Laboratory (CJPL). In the first phase of the experiment, a high pressure gas Time Projection Chamber (TPC) will contain 200 kg, 90% $^{136}$Xe enriched gas operated at 10 bar. Read More

Task engagement is defined as loadings on energetic arousal (affect), task motivation, and concentration (cognition). It is usually challenging and expensive to label cognitive state data, and traditional computational models trained with limited label information for engagement assessment do not perform well because of overfitting. In this paper, we proposed two deep models (i. Read More

Penrose's two-spinor notation for $4$-dimensional Lorentzian manifolds can be extended to two-component notation for quaternionic manifolds, which is a very useful tool for calculation. We construct a family of quaternionic complexes over unimodular quaternionic manifolds by elementary calculation. On complex quaternionic manifolds, which are essentially the complexification of real analytic quaternionic K\"ahler manifolds, the existence of these complexes was established by Baston by using twistor transformations and spectral sequences. Read More

Approximate Nearest neighbor search (ANNS) is fundamental and essential operation in applications from many domains, such as databases, machine learning, multimedia, and computer vision. Although many algorithms have been continuously proposed in the literature in the above domains each year, there is no comprehensive evaluation and analysis of their performances. In this paper, we conduct a comprehensive experimental evaluation of many state-of-the-art methods for approximate nearest neighbor search. Read More

The mineral sphalerite (ZnS) is a typical constituent at the periphery of submarine hydrothermal deposits on Earth. It has been frequently suggested to have played an important role in the prebiotic chemistry due to its prominent photocatalytic activity. Nevertheless, the need for {\lambda} < 344 nm UV radiation, which accounts for a very minor part of the energy range of the incoming solar spectrum, limits the application of this semiconductor. Read More

Let $(C,A,\varphi)$ be an entwining structure over $k$. In this paper, we introduce the notions of the pivotal entwined datums and ribbon entwined datums to generalize (co)pivotal Hopf algebras and (co)ribbon Hopf algebras. These notions give necessary and sufficient conditions for the category of entwined modules to be a pivotal category and ribbon category. Read More