Wei Luo

Wei Luo
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Wei Luo
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Physics - Materials Science (10)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (8)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (6)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (5)
 
Physics - Optics (3)
 
Quantum Physics (3)
 
Statistics - Methodology (3)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (3)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
 
Computer Science - Learning (2)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
 
Statistics - Applications (2)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (2)
 
Statistics - Theory (2)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Wei Luo

We consider forecasting a single time series using high-dimensional predictors in the presence of a possible nonlinear forecast function. The sufficient forecasting (Fan et al., 2016) used sliced inverse regression to estimate lower-dimensional sufficient indices for nonparametric forecasting using factor models. Read More

In this paper, we consider a fast and second-order implicit difference method for approximation of a class of time-space fractional variable coefficients advection-diffusion equation. To begin with, we construct an implicit difference scheme, based on $L2-1_{\sigma}$ formula [A. A. Read More

Quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) insulator is a topological phase which exhibits chiral edge states in the absence of magnetic field. The celebrated Haldane model is the first example of QAH effect, but difficult to realize. Here, we predict the two-dimensional single-atomic-layer V2O3 with a honeycomb-Kagome structure is a QAH insulator with a large band gap (large than 0. Read More

To estimate casual treatment effects, we propose a new matching approach based on the reduced covariates obtained from sufficient dimension reduction. Compared to the original covariates and the propensity score, which are commonly used for matching in the literature, the reduced covariates are estimable nonparametrically under a mild assumption on the original covariates, and are sufficient and effective in imputing the missing potential outcomes. Under the ignorability assumption, the consistency of the proposed approach requires a weaker common support condition. Read More

The surface states of three-dimensional topological insulators posses the unique property of spin-momentum interlocking. This property gives rise to the interesting inverse Edelstein effect (IEE), in which an applied spin bias $\mu$ is converted to a measurable charge voltage difference $V$. We develop a semiclassical theory for the IEE of the surface states of $\text{Bi}_2\text{Se}_3$ thin films, which is applicable from the ballistic regime to diffusive regime. Read More

In this paper, we consider the patient similarity matching problem over a cancer cohort of more than 220,000 patients. Our approach first leverages on Word2Vec framework to embed ICD codes into vector-valued representation. We then propose a sequential algorithm for case-control matching on this representation space of diagnosis codes. Read More

We study the open string integrality invariants (LMOV invariants) for toric Calabi-Yau 3-folds with Aganagic-Vafa brane (AV-brane). In this paper, we focus on the case of the resolved conifold with one out AV-brane in any integer framing $\tau$, which is the large $N$ duality of the Chern-Simons theory for a framed unknot with integer framing $\tau$ in $S^3$. We compute the explicit formulas for the LMOV invariants in genus $g=0$ with any number of holes, and prove their integrality. Read More

In this paper we mainly investigate the periodic $\mu$-Camassa-Holm equation. We show the existence of global conservative solutions to the Cauchy problem of the periodic $\mu$-Camassa-Holm equation. The result is obtained by introducing a coordinate transformation into Lagrangian coordinates. Read More

Preterm births occur at an alarming rate of 10-15%. Preemies have a higher risk of infant mortality, developmental retardation and long-term disabilities. Predicting preterm birth is difficult, even for the most experienced clinicians. Read More

The quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect in the DC regime, which has been intensively researched, relies on the existence of symmetry-protected edge states. Here, we demonstrate that a QSH system behaves quite differently in response to an applied AC electric field, and put forward the idea of AC QSH effect. The AC QSH effect can occur in the bulk without involving the fragile edge states, hence being robust against time-reversal symmetry breaking and disorder. Read More

The spin-orbit Mott insulator Sr3Ir2O7 provides a fascinating playground to explore insulator-metal transition driven by intertwined charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom. Here, we report high pressure electric resistance and resonant inelastic x ray scattering measurements on single crystal Sr3Ir2O7 up to 63 65 GPa at 300 K. The material becomes a confined metal at 59. Read More

We propose an experimental scheme to realize adiabatic topological spin and valley pumping by using silicene subject to an in-plane $ac$ electric field with amplitude $E_{y}$ and a vertical electric field consisting of an electrostatic component and an $ac$ component with amplitudes $E_{z}^{0}$ and $E_{z}^{1}$. By tuning $E_{z}^{0}$ and $E_{z}^{1}$, topological valley pumping or spin-valley pumping can be achieved. The noisefree valley and spin currents generated could be useful in valleytronic and spintronic applications. Read More

The magnetic structure of the spin-chain antiferromagnet SrCo2V2O8 is determined by single-crystal neutron diffraction experiment. The system undergoes magnetic long range order below T_N = 4.96 K. Read More

NaFeAs belongs to a class of Fe-based superconductors which parent compounds show separated structural and magnetic transitions. Effects of the structural transition on spin dynamics therefore can be investigated separately from the magnetic transition. A plateau in dynamic spin response is observed in a critical region around the structural transition temperature T_S. Read More

We report a combined neutron scattering and magnetization study on the multiferroic DyFeO3 which shows a very strong magnetoelectric effect. Applying magnetic field along the c-axis, the weak ferromagnetic order of the Fe ions is quickly recovered from a spin reorientation transition, and the long-range antiferromagnetic order of Dy becomes a short-range one. We found that the short-range order concurs with the multiferroic phase and is responsible for its sizable hysteresis. Read More

Van der Waals junctions of two-dimensional materials with an atomically sharp interface open up unprecedented opportunities to design and study functional heterostructures. Semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides have shown tremendous potential for future applications due to their unique electronic properties and strong light-matter interaction. However, many important optoelectronic applications, such as broadband photodetection, are severely hindered by their limited spectral range and reduced light absorption. Read More

Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides are emerging with tremendous potential in many optoelectronic applications due to their strong light-matter interactions. To fully explore their potential in photoconductive detectors, high responsivity and weak signal detection are required. Here, we present high responsivity phototransistors based on few-layer rhenium disulfide (ReS2). Read More

Recently, fractional Chern insulators (FCIs), also called fractional quantum anomalous Hall (FQAH) states, have been theoretically established in lattice systems with topological flat bands. These systems exhibit similar fractionalization phenomena as the conventional fractional quantum Hall (FQH) systems. Using the mapping relationship between the FQH states and the FCI/FQAH states, we construct the many-body wave functions of the fermionic FCI/FQAH states on the disk geometry with the aid of the generalized Pauli principle (GPP) and the Jack polynomials. Read More

In this paper we mainly investigate the Cauchy problem of some Camassa-Holm type systems. By constructing a new auxiliary function, we present a generalized Ovsyannikov theorem. By using this theorem and the basic properties of Sobolev-Gevrey spaces, we prove the Gevrey regularity and analyticity of these systems. Read More

In this paper we mainly investigate the Cauchy problem of a three-component Camassa-Holm system. By using the method of approximation of smooth solutions, a regularization technique and the special structure of the system, we prove the existence of global weak solutions to the system. Read More

In this paper we mainly investigate the Cauchy problem of a two-component Novikov system. We first prove the local well-posedness of the system in Besov spaces $B^{s-1}_{p,r}\times B^s_{p,r}$ with $p,r\in[1,\infty],~s>\max\{1+\frac{1}{p},\frac{3}{2}\}$ by using the Littlewood-Paley theory and transport equations theory. Then, by virtue of logarithmic interpolation inequalities and the Osgood lemma, we establish the local well-posedness of the system in the critical Besov space $B^{\frac{1}{2}}_{2,1}\times B^{\frac{3}{2}}_{2,1}$. Read More

Two-dimensional (2D) topological insulators (TIs), also known as quantum spin Hall (QSH) insulators, are excellent candidates for coherent spin transport related applications because the edge states of 2D TIs are robust against nonmagnetic impurities since the only available backscattering channel is forbidden. Currently, most known 2D TIs are based on a hexagonal (specifically, honeycomb) lattice. Here, we propose that there exists the quantum spin Hall effect (QSHE) in a buckled square lattice. Read More

A method based on the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is presented to design quasi-two-dimensional (Q2D) materials. With this development, various single-layer and bi-layer materials in C, Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb were predicted. A new Si bi-layer structure is found to have a much-favored energy than the previously widely accepted configuration. Read More

Carbon can exist as isolated dumbbell, one-dimensional (1D) chain, 2D plane, and 3D network in carbon solids or carbon-based compounds, which attributes to its rich chemical binding way, including sp-, sp2-, and sp3-hybridized bonds. Sp2 hybridizing carbon always captures special attention due to its unique physical and chemical property. Here, using evolutionary algorithm in conjunction with ab initio method, we found that under compression, dumbbell carbon in CaC2 can be polymerized firstly into one-dimensional chain and then into ribbon and further into two dimensional graphite sheet at higher pressure. Read More

The recent wide adoption of Electronic Medical Records (EMR) presents great opportunities and challenges for data mining. The EMR data is largely temporal, often noisy, irregular and high dimensional. This paper constructs a novel ordinal regression framework for predicting medical risk stratification from EMR. Read More

We demonstrate that inelastic neutron scattering technique can be used to indirectly detect and measure the macroscopic quantum correlations quantified by both entanglement and discord in a quantum magnetic material, VODPO4 . 1D2O. The amount of quantum correlations is obtained 2 by analyzing the neutron scattering data of magnetic excitations in isolated V4+ spin dimers. Read More

In this paper we mainly investigate the Cauchy problem of the finite extensible nonlinear elastic (FENE) dumbbell model with dimension $d\geq2$. We first proved the local well-posedness for the FENE model in Besov spaces by using the Littlewood-Paley theory. Then by an accurate estimate we get a blow-up criterion. Read More

We introduce a new sufficient dimension reduction framework that targets a statistical functional of interest, and propose an efficient estimator for the semiparametric estimation problems of this type. The statistical functional covers a wide range of applications, such as conditional mean, conditional variance and conditional quantile. We derive the general forms of the efficient score and efficient information as well as their specific forms for three important statistical functionals: the linear functional, the composite linear functional and the implicit functional. Read More

The emergence of optical micro/nano-fiber (MNF) with a subwavelength diameter, which has ultra-light mass and an intense light field, brings an opportunity for develop fiber based optomechanical systems. In this study, we theoretically show an optomechanical effect in silica MNF Bragg gratings (MNFBGs). The light-induced mechanical effect results in continuously distributed strain along the grating. Read More

The ultra-short range force, van der Waals force (VWF), will rise rapidly when one nanoscale waveguide is close to another one, and be stronger than the external transverse gradient force (TGF). We theoretically investigate the giant influence of the VWF on the device performance in a typical optomechanical system consisting of a suspended silicon waveguide and a silica substrate including waveguide deformation stiction and failure mechanism. The device shows unique optically-activated plastic/elastic behaviors and stiction due to the VWF. Read More

It is well known that direct training of deep neural networks will generally lead to poor results. A major progress in recent years is the invention of various pretraining methods to initialize network parameters and it was shown that such methods lead to good prediction performance. However, the reason for the success of pretraining has not been fully understood, although it was argued that regularization and better optimization play certain roles. Read More

Pressure can tune material's electronic properties and control its quantum state, making some systems present disconnected superconducting region as observed in iron chalcogenides and heavy fermion CeCu2Si2. For CaC6 superconductor (Tc of 11.5 K), applying pressure first Tc increases and then suppresses and the superconductivity of this compound is eventually disappeared at about 18 GPa. Read More

In this paper, we present some Hurwitz-Hodge integral identities which are derived from the Laplace transform of the cut-and-join equation for the orbifold Hurwitz numbers. As an application, we prove a conjecture on Hurwitz-Hodge integral proposed by J. Zhou in 2008. Read More

Recent theoretical works have demonstrated the realization of fractional quantum anomalous Hall states (also called fractional Chern insulators) in topological flat band lattice models without an external magnetic field. Such newly proposed lattice systems play a vital role to obtain a large class of fractional topological phases. Here we report the exact numerical studies of edge excitations for such systems in a disk geometry loaded with hard-core bosons, which will serve as a more viable experimental probe for such topologically ordered states. Read More

We propose to use slot micro/nano-fiber (SMNF) to enhance the second-harmonic generation based on surface dipole nonlinearity. The slot structure is simple and promising to manufacture with high accuracy and reliability by mature micromachining techniques. Light field can be enhanced and confined, and the surface area can be increased in the sub-wavelength low-refractive-index air slot. Read More

The potential application of the single-layer MoS2 as photocatalyst was revealed in this work based on first-principles calculations. It is found that the pristine single-layer MoS2 is a good candidate for photocatalyst, and its catalyzing ability can be tuned by the applied mechanical strain. Furthermore, the p-type doping could improve the catalyzing ability more efficiently: first, the p-type doping makes the direct transition of electron from valence band maximum (VBM) to conduction band minimum (CBM) viable; second, it separates the water splitting reaction sites by having reduction in Mo sites and oxidation in P dopant sites; third, it improves the efficiency by equalizing the reducing power {\Delta}1 and oxidizing power {\Delta}2, as well as by enhancing the light absorption in long wavelength end of the visible light. Read More

The Tevatron has inspired new interest in the subject of magnetic monopoles. First there was the 1998 D0 limit on the virtual production of monopoles, based on the theory of Ginzberg and collaborators. In 2000 the first results from an experiment (Fermilab E882) searching for real magnetically charged particles bound to elements from the CDF and D0 detectors were reported. Read More

To understand how dislocations form ordered structures during the deformation of metals, we perform computer simulation studies of the dynamics and patterning of screw dislocations in two dimensions. The simulation is carried out using an idealized atomistic model with anti-plane displacements only; we show that this system is an analog of the two-dimensional XY rotor model. Simulation studies show that under a constant applied shear strain rate, the flow of dislocations spontaneously coalesces to form narrow dislocation-rich channels separated by wide dislocation-free regions, so that the applied strain is localized into slip bands. Read More