W. Z. Luo - HKS

W. Z. Luo
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W. Z. Luo

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Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (12)
Physics - Materials Science (11)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (2)
Statistics - Methodology (2)
Computer Science - Learning (2)
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Statistics - Theory (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Mathematics - Statistics (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (1)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Mathematical Physics (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By W. Z. Luo

Photo-transmutation of long-lived nuclear waste induced by high-charge relativistic electron beam (e-beam) from laser plasma accelerator is demonstrated. Collimated relativistic e-beam with a high charge of approximately 100 nC is produced from high-intensity laser interaction with near-critical-density (NCD) plasma. Such e-beam impinges on a high-Z convertor and then radiates energetic bremsstrahlung photons with flux approaching 10^{11} per laser shot. Read More

We consider forecasting a single time series using high-dimensional predictors in the presence of a possible nonlinear forecast function. The sufficient forecasting (Fan et al., 2016) used sliced inverse regression to estimate lower-dimensional sufficient indices for nonparametric forecasting using factor models. Read More

In this paper, we consider a fast and second-order implicit difference method for approximation of a class of time-space fractional variable coefficients advection-diffusion equation. To begin with, we construct an implicit difference scheme, based on $L2-1_{\sigma}$ formula [A. A. Read More

$[Background]$ Measurements of the neutron charge distribution are made difficult by the fact that, with no net charge, the neutron electric form factor, $G^n_E$, is generally much smaller than the magnetic form factor, $G^n_M$. In addition, measurements of these form factors must use nuclear targets which requires accurately accounting for nuclear effects. $[Method]$ The inclusive quasi-elastic reaction $^3\overrightarrow{\rm{He}}(\overrightarrow{e},e')$ was measured at Jefferson Lab. Read More

Landau level mixing plays an important role in the Pfaffian (or anti-Pfaffian) states. In ZnO the Landau level gap is essentially an order of magnitude smaller than that in a GaAs quantum well. We introduce the screened Coulomb interaction in a single Landau level to tackle that situation. Read More

Halo bias is the one of the key ingredients of the halo models. It was shown at a given redshift to be only dependent, to the first order, on the halo mass. In this study, four types of cosmic web environments: clusters, filaments, sheets and voids are defined within a state of the art high resolution $N$-body simulation. Read More

Gravitational lensing directly probes the underlying mass distribution of lensing systems, the high redshift universe, and cosmological models. The advent of large scale surveys such as the Large Synoptic Sky Telescope (LSST) and Euclid has prompted a need for automatic and efficient identification of strong lensing systems. We present (1) a strong lensing identification pipeline, and (2) a mock LSST dataset with strong galaxy-galaxy lenses. Read More

We theoretically investigate the chiral topological excitons emerging in the monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides, where a bulk energy gap of valley excitons is opened up by a position dependent external magnetic field. We find two emerging chiral topological nontrivial excitons states, which exactly connects to the bulk topological properties, i.e. Read More

The integration of different two-dimensional materials within a multilayer van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure offers a promising technology for realizing high performance opto-electronic devices such as photodetectors and light sources1-3. Transition metal dichalcogenides, e.g. Read More

Quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) insulator is a topological phase which exhibits chiral edge states in the absence of magnetic field. The celebrated Haldane model is the first example of QAH effect, but difficult to realize. Here, we predict the two-dimensional single-atomic-layer V2O3 with a honeycomb-Kagome structure is a QAH insulator with a large band gap (large than 0. Read More

To estimate casual treatment effects, we propose a new matching approach based on the reduced covariates obtained from sufficient dimension reduction. Compared to the original covariates and the propensity score, which are commonly used for matching in the literature, the reduced covariates are estimable nonparametrically under a mild assumption on the original covariates, and are sufficient and effective in imputing the missing potential outcomes. Under the ignorability assumption, the consistency of the proposed approach requires a weaker common support condition. Read More

We investigate a single machine rescheduling problem that arises from an unexpected machine unavailability, after the given set of jobs has already been scheduled to minimize the total weighted completion time. Such a disruption is represented as an unavailable time interval and is revealed to the production planner before any job is processed; the production planner wishes to reschedule the jobs to minimize the alteration to the originally planned schedule, which is measured as the maximum time deviation between the original and the new schedules for all the jobs. The objective function in this rescheduling problem is to minimize the sum of the total weighted completion time and the weighted maximum time deviation, under the constraint that the maximum time deviation is bounded above by a given value. Read More

We study characteristics of receptive fields of units in deep convolutional networks. The receptive field size is a crucial issue in many visual tasks, as the output must respond to large enough areas in the image to capture information about large objects. We introduce the notion of an effective receptive field, and show that it both has a Gaussian distribution and only occupies a fraction of the full theoretical receptive field. Read More

The surface states of three-dimensional topological insulators posses the unique property of spin-momentum interlocking. This property gives rise to the interesting inverse Edelstein effect (IEE), in which an applied spin bias $\mu$ is converted to a measurable charge voltage difference $V$. We develop a semiclassical theory for the IEE of the surface states of $\text{Bi}_2\text{Se}_3$ thin films, which is applicable from the ballistic regime to diffusive regime. Read More

Bi$_2$Se$_3$ is a topological insulator and it is often doped with Te to compensate the $n$-type carriers due to Se vacancies. Different doping patterns of Te would influence the transport characteristics of the surface states. We study the Te atom distribution in Bi$_2$Se$_3$ with different Te concentrations, using first-principles density-functional-theory calculations. Read More

In this paper we introduce the TorontoCity benchmark, which covers the full greater Toronto area (GTA) with 712.5 $km^2$ of land, 8439 $km$ of road and around 400,000 buildings. Our benchmark provides different perspectives of the world captured from airplanes, drones and cars driving around the city. Read More

In this paper, we consider the patient similarity matching problem over a cancer cohort of more than 220,000 patients. Our approach first leverages on Word2Vec framework to embed ICD codes into vector-valued representation. We then propose a sequential algorithm for case-control matching on this representation space of diagnosis codes. Read More

We study the open string integrality invariants (LMOV invariants) for toric Calabi-Yau 3-folds with Aganagic-Vafa brane (AV-brane). In this paper, we focus on the case of the resolved conifold with one out AV-brane in any integer framing $\tau$, which is the large $N$ duality of the Chern-Simons theory for a framed unknot with integer framing $\tau$ in $S^3$. We compute the explicit formulas for the LMOV invariants in genus $g=0$ with any number of holes, and prove their integrality. Read More

Electronic structure of single crystalline Ba(Zn$_{0.875}$Mn$_{0.125}$)$_{2}$As$_{2}$, parent compound of the recently founded high-temperature ferromagnetic semiconductor, was studied by high-resolution photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). Read More

Encoder-decoder models have been widely used to solve sequence to sequence prediction tasks. However current approaches suffer from two shortcomings. First, the encoders compute a representation of each word taking into account only the history of the words it has read so far, yielding suboptimal representations. Read More

In a quasi-one-dimensional magnetic fluid, both gravito-thermal and magneto-thermal convections were observed in a horizontal temperature gradient, applied field, and field gradient. The interplay between the two convective motions crucially depends on the relative orientation of the gradient of temperature to that of applied field. The magnetic field-induced flows either enhance the convective heat transfer when the gradients of temperature and field are parallel to each other, or suppress it when the two gradients are antiparallel, where the convection roll in zero field was replaced by two localized flows at the two ends of the sample cell. Read More

We investigated 10 to 200 nm thick black phosphorus flakes on SiO2/Si and polyimide substrates by Angle-resolved Polarized Raman spectra (ARPRS) using 442 nm excitation wavelength. The results revealed that ARPRS with 442 nm excitation can provide unambiguous, convenient, non-destructive and fast determination of BP's crystallographic orientation. The substrate and thickness dependencies of Raman spectra and Raman tensor elements were studied. Read More

In this paper we mainly investigate the periodic $\mu$-Camassa-Holm equation. We show the existence of global conservative solutions to the Cauchy problem of the periodic $\mu$-Camassa-Holm equation. The result is obtained by introducing a coordinate transformation into Lagrangian coordinates. Read More

Kernelization is a significant topic in parameterized complexity. Turing kernelization is a general form of kernelization. In the aspect of kernelization, an impressive hardness theory has been established [Bodlaender etc. Read More

Muon tomography is developing as a promising system to detect high-Z (atomic number) material for ensuring homeland security. In the present work, three kinds of spatial locations of materials which are made of aluminum, iron, lead and uranium are simulated with GEANT4 codes, which are horizontal, diagonal and vertical objects, respectively. Two statistical algorithms are used with MATLAB software to reconstruct the image of detected objects, which are the Point of Closet Approach (PoCA) and Maximum Likelihood Scattering-Expectation Maximization iterative algorithm (MLS-EM), respectively. Read More

Preterm births occur at an alarming rate of 10-15%. Preemies have a higher risk of infant mortality, developmental retardation and long-term disabilities. Predicting preterm birth is difficult, even for the most experienced clinicians. Read More

As the first paper in a series on the study of the galaxy-galaxy lensing from Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 (SDSS DR7), we present our image processing pipeline that corrects the systematics primarily introduced by the Point Spread Function (PSF). Using this pipeline, we processed SDSS DR7 imaging data in $r$ band and generated a background galaxy catalog containing the shape information of each galaxy. Based on our own shape measurements of the galaxy images from SDSS DR7, we extract the galaxy-galaxy (GG) lensing signals around foreground spectroscopic galaxies binned in different luminosity and stellar mass. Read More

The problem of p-th moment stability for time-varying stochastic time-delay systems with Markovian switching is investigated in this paper. Some novel stability criteria are obtained by applying the generalized Razumikhin and Krasovskii stability theorems. Both p-th moment asymptotic stability and (integral) input-to-state stability are considered based on the notion and properties of uniformly stable functions and the improved comparison principles. Read More

Weak lensing statistics is typically measured as weighted sum of shear estimators or their products (shear-shear correlation). The weighting schemes are designed in the hope of minimizing the statistical error without introducing systematic errors. It would be ideal to approach the Cramer-Rao bound (the lower bound of the statistical uncertainty) in shear statistics, though it is generally difficult to do so in practice. Read More

Affiliations: 1HKS, 2HKS, 3HKS, 4HKS, 5HKS, 6HKS, 7HKS, 8HKS, 9HKS, 10HKS, 11HKS, 12HKS, 13HKS, 14HKS, 15HKS, 16HKS, 17HKS, 18HKS, 19HKS, 20HKS, 21HKS, 22HKS, 23HKS, 24HKS, 25HKS, 26HKS, 27HKS, 28HKS, 29HKS, 30HKS, 31HKS, 32HKS, 33HKS, 34HKS, 35HKS, 36HKS, 37HKS, 38HKS, 39HKS, 40HKS, 41HKS, 42HKS, 43HKS, 44HKS, 45HKS, 46HKS, 47HKS, 48HKS, 49HKS, 50HKS, 51HKS, 52HKS, 53HKS, 54HKS, 55HKS, 56HKS, 57HKS, 58HKS, 59HKS, 60HKS, 61HKS, 62HKS, 63HKS, 64HKS, 65HKS, 66HKS, 67HKS, 68HKS, 69HKS, 70HKS, 71HKS, 72HKS, 73HKS, 74HKS, 75HKS, 76HKS, 77HKS, 78HKS, 79HKS, 80HKS, 81HKS, 82HKS, 83HKS, 84HKS, 85HKS, 86HKS

The missing mass spectroscopy of the $^{7}_{\Lambda}$He hypernucleus was performed, using the $^{7}$Li$(e,e^{\prime}K^{+})^{7}_{\Lambda}$He reaction at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Hall C. The $\Lambda$ binding energy of the ground state (1/2$^{+}$) was determined with a smaller error than that of the previous measurement, being $B_{\Lambda}$ = 5.55 $\pm$ 0. Read More

Even denominator fractional quantum Hall states in a ZnO quantum well reveal interesting phase transitions in a tilted magnetic field. We have analyzed the planar electron gas in ZnO, confined in a parabolic potential in the third dimension, perpendicular to the plane of the electron gas. Since the Landau level gap is very small in this system we have included the screened Coulomb potential in order to include the effects of all the Landau levels. Read More

The quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect in the DC regime, which has been intensively researched, relies on the existence of symmetry-protected edge states. Here, we demonstrate that a QSH system behaves quite differently in response to an applied AC electric field, and put forward the idea of AC QSH effect. The AC QSH effect can occur in the bulk without involving the fragile edge states, hence being robust against time-reversal symmetry breaking and disorder. Read More

We investigated the electronic and optoelectronic properties of vertical van der Waals heterostructure photodetectors using layered p type GaSe and n type InSe, with graphene as the transparent electrodes. Not only the photocurrent peaks from the layered GaSe and InSe themselves were observed, also the interlayer optical transition peak was observed, which is consistent with the first-principles calculation. The built-in electric field between p-n heterojunction and the advantage of the graphene electrodes can effectively separate the photo-induced electron-hole pairs, and thus lead to the response time down to 160 {\mu}s. Read More

We consider the single machine scheduling problem with job-dependent machine deterioration. In the problem, we are given a single machine with an initial non-negative maintenance level, and a set of jobs each with a non-preemptive processing time and a machine deterioration. Such a machine deterioration quantifies the decrement in the machine maintenance level after processing the job. Read More

The spin-orbit Mott insulator Sr3Ir2O7 provides a fascinating playground to explore insulator-metal transition driven by intertwined charge, spin, and lattice degrees of freedom. Here, we report high pressure electric resistance and resonant inelastic x ray scattering measurements on single crystal Sr3Ir2O7 up to 63 65 GPa at 300 K. The material becomes a confined metal at 59. Read More

Based on the star formation histories (SFH) of galaxies in halos of different masses, we develop an empirical model to grow galaxies in dark mattet halos. This model has very few ingredients, any of which can be associated to observational data and thus be efficiently assessed. By applying this model to a very high resolution cosmological $N$-body simulation, we predict a number of galaxy properties that are a very good match to relevant observational data. Read More

We propose an experimental scheme to realize adiabatic topological spin and valley pumping by using silicene subject to an in-plane $ac$ electric field with amplitude $E_{y}$ and a vertical electric field consisting of an electrostatic component and an $ac$ component with amplitudes $E_{z}^{0}$ and $E_{z}^{1}$. By tuning $E_{z}^{0}$ and $E_{z}^{1}$, topological valley pumping or spin-valley pumping can be achieved. The noisefree valley and spin currents generated could be useful in valleytronic and spintronic applications. Read More

In this paper, we study the energy efficiency (EE) of a downlink multi-cell massive distributed antenna system (DAS) in the presence of pilot contamination (PC), where the antennas are clustered on the remote radio heads (RRHs). We employ a practical power consumption model by considering the transmit power, the circuit power, and the backhaul power, in contrast to most of the existing works which focus on co-located antenna systems (CAS) where the backhaul power is negligible. For a given average user rate, we consider the problem of maximizing the EE with respect to the number of each RRH antennas $n$, the number of RRHs $M$, the number of users $K$, and study the impact of system parameters on the optimal $n$, $M$ and $K$. Read More

Graphene plasmons are of remarkable features that make graphene plasmon elements promising for applications to integrated photonic devices. The fabrication of graphene plasmon components and control over plasmon propagating are of fundamental important. Through near-field plasmon imaging, we demonstrate controllable modifying of the reflection of graphene plasmon at boundaries etched by ion beams. Read More

We tackle the problem of estimating optical flow from a monocular camera in the context of autonomous driving. We build on the observation that the scene is typically composed of a static background, as well as a relatively small number of traffic participants which move rigidly in 3D. We propose to estimate the traffic participants using instance-level segmentation. Read More

Combined with magnetotransport measurements and first-principles calculations, we systematically investigated the effects of Bi incorporation on the electrical properties of the undoped InP1-xBix epilayers with 0Read More

The magnetic structure of the spin-chain antiferromagnet SrCo2V2O8 is determined by single-crystal neutron diffraction experiment. The system undergoes magnetic long range order below T_N = 4.96 K. Read More

NaFeAs belongs to a class of Fe-based superconductors which parent compounds show separated structural and magnetic transitions. Effects of the structural transition on spin dynamics therefore can be investigated separately from the magnetic transition. A plateau in dynamic spin response is observed in a critical region around the structural transition temperature T_S. Read More

We report a combined neutron scattering and magnetization study on the multiferroic DyFeO3 which shows a very strong magnetoelectric effect. Applying magnetic field along the c-axis, the weak ferromagnetic order of the Fe ions is quickly recovered from a spin reorientation transition, and the long-range antiferromagnetic order of Dy becomes a short-range one. We found that the short-range order concurs with the multiferroic phase and is responsible for its sizable hysteresis. Read More

Recently, the concept of topological insulators has been generalized to topological semimetals, including three-dimensional (3D) Weyl semimetals, 3D Dirac semimetals, and 3D node-line semimetals. In particular, several compounds (e.g. Read More

In this work, we reported uniform layer-by-layer sublimation of black phosphorus under heating below 600 K. The uniformity and crystallinity of BP samples after thermal thinning were confirmed by Raman spectra and 2D Raman imaging. A uniform and crystalline bilayer black phosphorus flake with an area of 180 um^2 was prepared with this method. Read More

Relativistic electrons, accelerated by the laser ponderomotive force, can be focused onto a high-Z convertor to generate high-brightness beams of gamma-rays, which in turn can be used to induce photonuclear reactions. In this work, the possibility of photo-transmutation of long-lived radionuclide Cs-135 by laser-plasma driven electron source has been demonstrated through Geant4 simulations. High energy electron generation, bremsstrahlung and photonuclear reaction have been observed at four different laser intensities of 10^{20} W/cm^2, 5 times 10^{20} W/cm^2, 10^{21} W/cm^2 and 5 times 10^{21} W/cm^2, respectively. Read More

Based on the Floquet scattering theory, we analytically investigate the topological spin pumping for an exactly solvable model. Floquet spin Chern numbers are introduced to characterize the periodically time-dependent system. The topological spin pumping remains robust both in the presence and in the absence of the time-reversal symmetry, as long as the pumping frequency is smaller than the band gap, where the electron transport involves only the Floquet evanescent modes in the pump. Read More

Van der Waals junctions of two-dimensional materials with an atomically sharp interface open up unprecedented opportunities to design and study functional heterostructures. Semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides have shown tremendous potential for future applications due to their unique electronic properties and strong light-matter interaction. However, many important optoelectronic applications, such as broadband photodetection, are severely hindered by their limited spectral range and reduced light absorption. Read More