W. Yu - Peking University

W. Yu
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Name
W. Yu
Affiliation
Peking University
City
北京市
Country
China

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Computer Science - Information Theory (8)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (8)
 
Physics - Materials Science (7)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (5)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (4)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (4)
 
Physics - Optics (4)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
 
Computer Science - Robotics (2)
 
Computer Science - Numerical Analysis (2)
 
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (2)
 
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (2)
 
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (2)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
 
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Nuclear Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)
 
Quantum Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)

Publications Authored By W. Yu

Fuzzy modeling has many advantages over the non-fuzzy methods, such as robustness against uncertainties and less sensitivity to the varying dynamics of nonlinear systems. Data-driven fuzzy modeling needs to extract fuzzy rules from the input/output data, and train the fuzzy parameters. This paper takes advantages from deep learning, probability theory, fuzzy modeling, and extreme learning machines. Read More

We present a new method of learning control policies that successfully operate under unknown dynamic models. We create such policies by leveraging a large number of training examples that are generated using a physical simulator. Our system is made of two components: a Universal Policy (UP) and a function for Online System Identification (OSI). Read More

Many-body interactions can produce novel ground states in a condensed-matter system. For example, interacting electrons and holes can spontaneously form excitons, a neutral bound state, provided that the exciton binding energy exceeds the energy separation between the single particle states. Here we report on electrical transport measurements on spatially separated two-dimensional electron and hole gases with nominally degenerate energy subbands, realized in an InAs(10 nm)/GaSb(5 nm) coupled quantum well. Read More

Nanoporous graphitic carbon membranes with defined chemical composition and pore architecture are novel nanomaterials that are actively pursued. Compared to easy-to-make porous carbon powders that dominate the porous carbon research and applications in energy generation/conversion and environmental remediation, porous carbon membranes are synthetically more challenging though rather appealing from an application perspective due to their structural integrity, interconnectivity and purity. Here we report a simple bottom-up approach to fabricate large-size, freestanding, porous carbon membranes that feature an unusual single-crystal-like graphitic order and hierarchical pore architecture plus favorable nitrogen doping. Read More

It is shown by particle-in-cell simulation that intense circularly polarized (CP) laser light can be contained in the cavity of a solid-density circular Al-plasma shell for hundreds of light-wave periods before it is dissipated by laser-plasma interaction. A right-hand CP laser pulse can propagate almost without reflection into the cavity through a highly magnetized overdense H-plasma slab filling the entrance hole. The entrapped laser light is then multiply reflected at the inner surfaces of the slab and shell plasmas, gradually losing energy to the latter. Read More

Mobile Crowdsensing is a promising paradigm for ubiquitous sensing, which explores the tremendous data collected by mobile smart devices with prominent spatial-temporal coverage. As a fundamental property of Mobile Crowdsensing Systems, temporally recruited mobile users can provide agile, fine-grained, and economical sensing labors, however their self-interest cannot guarantee the quality of the sensing data, even when there is a fair return. Therefore, a mechanism is required for the system server to recruit well-behaving users for credible sensing, and to stimulate and reward more contributive users based on sensing truth discovery to further increase credible reporting. Read More

The ever-growing datasets in observational astronomy have challenged scientists in many aspects, including an efficient and interactive data exploration and visualization. Many tools have been developed to confront this challenge. However, they usually focus on displaying the actual images or focus on visualizing patterns within catalogs in a predefined way. Read More

Doubly truncated data are found in astronomy, econometrics and survival analysis literature. They arise when each observation is confined to an interval, i.e. Read More

We investigate the Goos-Hanchen (G-H) shifts reflected and transmitted by a yttrium-iron-garnet (YIG) film for both normal and oblique incidence. It is found that the nonreciprocity effect of the MO material does not only result in a nonvanishing reflected shift at normal incidence, but also leads to a slab-thickness-independent term which breaks the symmetry between the reflected and transmitted shifts at oblique incidence. The asymptotic behaviors of the normal-incidence reflected shift are obtained in the vicinity of two characteristic frequencies corresponding to a minimum reflectivity and a total reflection, respectively. Read More

In conventional metals, modification of electron trajectories under magnetic field gives rise to a magnetoresistance that varies quadratically at low field, followed by a saturation at high field for closed orbits on the Fermi surface. Deviations from the conventional behaviour, e.g. Read More

Although both epitaxial quantum dots (QDs) and colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) are quantum-confined semiconductor nanostructures, so far they have demonstrated dramatically-different exciton fine structure splittings (FSSs) at the cryogenic temperature. The single-QD photoluminescence (PL) is dominated by the bright-exciton FSS, while it is the energy separation between bright and dark excitons that is often referred to as the FSS in a single NC. Here we show that, in single perovskite CsPbI3 NCs synthesized from a colloidal approach, a bright-exciton FSS as large as hundreds of {\mu}eV can be resolved with two orthogonally- and linearly-polarized PL peaks. Read More

Frustrated quantum magnets pose well-defined questions concerning quantum fluctuation effects and the nature of the many-body wavefunction, which challenge theory, numerics, experiment and materials synthesis. The S = 1/2 triangular-lattice antiferromagnet (TLAF) presents a case where classical order is strongly suppressed by quantum fluctuations, leading to extensive renormalization of physical properties at all energy scales. However, purely two-dimensional (2D) models are difficult to realise in the 3D world and their physics is controlled by the Mermin-Wagner theorem, which describes the dominant effects of additional thermal fluctuations. Read More

This paper discusses the noisy phase retrieval problem: recovering a complex image signal with independent noise from quadratic measurements. Inspired by the dark fringes shown in the measured images of the array detector, a novel phase retrieval approach is proposed and demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally to recognize the dark fringes and bypass the invalid fringes. A more accurate relative phase ratio between arbitrary two pixels is achieved by calculating the multiplicative ratios (or the sum of phase difference) on the path between them. Read More

High-dimensional crowdsourced data collected from a large number of users produces rich knowledge for our society. However, it also brings unprecedented privacy threats to participants. Local privacy, a variant of differential privacy, is proposed as a means to eliminate the privacy concern. Read More

In chiral sum frequency generation (C-SFG), the chiral nature of ${\chi}^{(2)}$ requires the three involved electric fields to be pairwise non-parallel, leading to the traditional non-collinear configuration which is a hindrance for achieving diffraction limited resolution while utilizing it as a label-free imaging contrast mechanism . Here we propose a collinear C-SFG (CC-SFG) microscopy modality by using longitudinal z-polarized vectorial field. Label-free chiral imaging with enhanced spatial resolution (~1. Read More

Magnetometer and inertial sensors are widely used for orientation estimation. Magnetometer usage is often troublesome, as it is prone to be interfered by onboard or ambient magnetic disturbance. The onboard soft-iron material distorts not only the magnetic field, but the magnetometer sensor frame coordinate and the cross-sensor misalignment relative to inertial sensors. Read More

The set of points in a metric space is called an $s$-distance set if pairwise distances between these points admit only $s$ distinct values. Two-distance spherical sets with the set of scalar products $\{\alpha, -\alpha\}$, $\alpha\in[0,1)$, are called equiangular. The problem of determining the maximum size of $s$-distance sets in various spaces has a long history in mathematics. Read More

It has been recently proposed that the reduced density matrix may be used to derive the order parameter of a condensed matter system. Here we propose order parameters for the phases of a topological insulator, specifically a spinless Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model, and consider the effect of short-range interactions. All the derived order parameters and their possible corresponding quantum phases are verified by the entanglement entropy and electronic configuration analysis results. Read More

To take advantage of the astrophysical potential of Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs), Chinese and French astrophysicists have engaged the SVOM mission (Space-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor). Major advances in GRB studies resulting from the synergy between space and ground observations, the SVOM mission implements space and ground instrumentation. The scientific objectives of the mission put a special emphasis on two categories of GRBs: very distant GRBs at z$>$5 which constitute exceptional cosmological probes, and faint/soft nearby GRBs which allow probing the nature of the progenitors and the physics at work in the explosion. Read More

The emergence of interference alignment (IA) as a degrees-of-freedom optimal strategy motivates the need to investigate whether IA can be leveraged to aid conventional network optimization algorithms that are only capable of finding locally optimal solutions. To test the usefulness of IA in this context, this paper proposes a two-stage optimization framework for the downlink of a $G$-cell multi-antenna network with $K$ users/cell. The first stage of the proposed framework focuses on nulling interference from a set of dominant interferers using IA, while the second stage optimizes transmit and receive beamformers to maximize a network-wide utility using the IA solution as the initial condition. Read More

A set of lines in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is called equiangular if the angle between each pair of lines is the same. We derive new upper bounds on the cardinality of equiangular lines. Let us denote the maximum cardinality of equiangular lines in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with the common angle $\arccos \alpha$ by $M_{\alpha}(n)$. Read More

This paper investigates the compress-and-forward scheme for an uplink cloud radio access network (C-RAN) model, where multi-antenna base-stations (BSs) are connected to a cloud-computing based central processor (CP) via capacity-limited fronthaul links. The BSs compress the received signals with Wyner-Ziv coding and send the representation bits to the CP; the CP performs the decoding of all the users' messages. Under this setup, this paper makes progress toward the optimal structure of the fronthaul compression and CP decoding strategies for the compress-and-forward scheme in C-RAN. Read More

Based on previous studies of quasi-periodic oscillations in neutron star LMXBs, mHz quasi-periodic oscillations (QPO) are believed to be related to `marginally stable' burning on the neutron star (NS) surface. Our study of phase resolved energy spectra of these oscillations in 4U 1636-53 shows that the oscillations are not caused by variations in the blackbody temperature of the neutron star, but reveals a correlation between the change of the count rate during the mHz QPO pulse and the spatial extend of a region emitting blackbody emission. The maximum size of the emission area $R^2_{\mathrm{BB}}=216. Read More

Properties of solutions of the tensor complementarity problem (TCP) for structured tensors have been investigated in recent literature. In this paper, we make further contributions on this problem. Specifically, we establish the solution existence results of the TCP on a general cone under reasonable conditions, and in particular, we prove that the TCP on the nonnegative cone with copositive tensors has one solution, where the notable copositivity is a weaker condition than the requirements (e. Read More

2016Jul
Authors: S. N. Zhang, M. Feroci, A. Santangelo, Y. W. Dong, H. Feng, F. J. Lu, K. Nandra, Z. S. Wang, S. Zhang, E. Bozzo, S. Brandt, A. De Rosa, L. J. Gou, M. Hernanz, M. van der Klis, X. D. Li, Y. Liu, P. Orleanski, G. Pareschi, M. Pohl, J. Poutanen, J. L. Qu, S. Schanne, L. Stella, P. Uttley, A. Watts, R. X. Xu, W. F. Yu, J. J. M. in 't Zand, S. Zane, L. Alvarez, L. Amati, L. Baldini, C. Bambi, S. Basso, S. Bhattacharyya, R. Bellazzini, T. Belloni, P. Bellutti, S. Bianchi, A. Brez, M. Bursa, V. Burwitz, C. Budtz-Jorgensen, I. Caiazzo, R. Campana, X. L. Cao, P. Casella, C. Y. Chen, L. Chen, T. X. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. P. Chen, M. Civitani, F. Coti Zelati, W. Cui, W. W. Cui, Z. G. Dai, E. Del Monte, D. De Martino, S. Di Cosimo, S. Diebold, M. Dovciak, I. Donnarumma, V. Doroshenko, P. Esposito, Y. Evangelista, Y. Favre, P. Friedrich, F. Fuschino, J. L. Galvez, Z. L. Gao, M. Y. Ge, O. Gevin, D. Goetz, D. W. Han, J. Heyl, J. Horak, W. Hu, F. Huang, Q. S. Huang, R. Hudec, D. Huppenkothen, G. L. Israel, A. Ingram, V. Karas, D. Karelin, P. A. Jenke, L. Ji, T. Kennedy, S. Korpela, D. Kunneriath, C. Labanti, G. Li, X. Li, Z. S. Li, E. W. Liang, O. Limousin, L. Lin, Z. X. Ling, H. B. Liu, H. W. Liu, Z. Liu, B. Lu, N. Lund, D. Lai, B. Luo, T. Luo, B. Ma, S. Mahmoodifar, M. Marisaldi, A. Martindale, N. Meidinger, Y. P. Men, M. Michalska, R. Mignani, M. Minuti, S. Motta, F. Muleri, J. Neilsen, M. Orlandini, A T. Pan, A. Patruno, E. Perinati, A. Picciotto, C. Piemonte, M. Pinchera, A. Rachevski, M. Rapisarda, N. Rea, E. M. R. Rossi, A. Rubini, G. Sala, X. W. Shu, C. Sgro, Z. X. Shen, P. Soffitta, L. M. Song, G. Spandre, G. Stratta, T. E. Strohmayer, L. Sun, J. Svoboda, G. Tagliaferri, C. Tenzer, H. Tong, R. Taverna, G. Torok, R. Turolla, A. Vacchi, J. Wang, J. X. Wang, D. Walton, K. Wang, J. F. Wang, R. J. Wang, Y. F. Wang, S. S. Weng, J. Wilms, B. Winter, X. Wu, X. F. Wu, S. L. Xiong, Y. P. Xu, Y. Q. Xue, Z. Yan, S. Yang, X. Yang, Y. J. Yang, F. Yuan, W. M. Yuan, Y. F. Yuan, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, A. Zdziarski, C. Zhang, C. L. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Zhang, Z. Zhang, W. D. Zhang, S. J. Zheng, P. Zhou, X. L. Zhou

eXTP is a science mission designed to study the state of matter under extreme conditions of density, gravity and magnetism. Primary targets include isolated and binary neutron stars, strong magnetic field systems like magnetars, and stellar-mass and supermassive black holes. The mission carries a unique and unprecedented suite of state-of-the-art scientific instruments enabling for the first time ever the simultaneous spectral-timing-polarimetry studies of cosmic sources in the energy range from 0. Read More

We give complete algorithms and source code for constructing (multilevel) statistical industry classifications, including methods for fixing the number of clusters at each level (and the number of levels). Under the hood there are clustering algorithms (e.g. Read More

A physical model based on a Monte-Carlo approach is proposed to calculate the ionization dynam- ics of warm dense matters (WDM) within particle-in-cell simulations, and where the impact (col- lision) ionization (CI), electron-ion recombination (RE) and ionization potential depression (IPD) by surrounding plasmas are taken into consideration self-consistently. When compared with other models, which are applied in the literature for plasmas near thermal equilibrium, the temporal re- laxation of ionization dynamics can also be simulated by the proposed model. Besides, this model is general and can be applied for both single elements and alloys with quite different composi- tions. Read More

A Monte-Carlo approach to proton stopping in warm dense matter is implemented into an existing particle-in-cell code. The model is based on multiple binary-collisions among electron-electron, electron-ion and ion-ion, taking into account contributions from both free and bound electrons, and allows to calculate particle stopping in much more natural manner. At low temperature limit, when ``all'' electron are bounded at the nucleus, the stopping power converges to the predictions of Bethe-Bloch theory, which shows good consistency with data provided by the NIST. Read More

There are two fundamentally different fronthaul techniques in the downlink communication of cloud radio access network (C-RAN): the data-sharing strategy and the compression-based strategy. Under the former strategy, each user's message is multicast from the central processor (CP) to all the serving remote radio heads (RRHs) over the fronthaul network, which then cooperatively serve the users through joint beamforming; while under the latter strategy, the user messages are first beamformed then quantized at the CP, and the compressed signal is unicast to the corresponding RRH, which then decompresses its received signal for wireless transmission. Previous works show that in general the compression-based strategy outperforms the data-sharing strategy. Read More

In this paper, randomized techniques for computing low-rank factorizations are presented. The proposed methods take in a tolerance $\varepsilon$ and an $m \times n$ matrix $\boldsymbol{A}$, and output an approximate low-rank factorization of $\boldsymbol{A}$, whose error measured in the Frobenius norm is within $\varepsilon$. The techniques are based on the blocked randQB scheme proposed by P. Read More

Uplink-downlink duality refers to the fact that the Gaussian broadcast channel has the same capacity region as the dual Gaussian multiple-access channel under the same sumpower constraint. This paper investigates a similar duality relationship between the uplink and downlink of a cloud radio access network (C-RAN), where a central processor (CP) cooperatively serves multiple mobile users through multiple remote radio heads (RRHs) connected to the CP with finite-capacity fronthaul links. The uplink of such a C-RAN model corresponds to a multipleaccess relay channel; the downlink corresponds to a broadcast relay channel. Read More

We investigate the characteristics and the sources of the slow (< 450 km/s) solar wind during the four years (2006-2009) of low solar activity between Solar Cycles 23 and 24. We use a comprehensive set of in-situ observations in the near-Earth solar wind (Wind and ACE) and remove the periods when large-scale interplanetary coronal mass ejections were present. The investigated period features significant variations in the global coronal structure, including the frequent presence of low-latitude active regions in 2006-2007, long-lived low- and mid-latitude coronal holes in 2006 - mid-2008 and mostly the quiet Sun in 2009. Read More

The quasi-skutterudite superconductor La$_3$Co$_4$Sn$_{13}$ undergoes a phase transition at $T^*=152$ K. By measuring the temperature dependence of heat capacity, electrical resistivity, and the superlattice reflection intensity using X-ray, we explore the character of the phase transition at $T^*$. Our lattice dynamic calculations found imaginary phonon frequencies around the ${\bf M}$ point, when the high temperature structure is used in the calculations, indicating that the structure is unstable at the zero temperature limit. Read More

In genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of common diseases/traits, we often analyze multiple GWASs with the same phenotype together to discover associated genetic variants with higher power. Since it is difficult to access data with detailed individual measurements, summary-statistics-based meta-analysis methods have become popular to jointly analyze data sets from multiple GWASs. In this paper, we propose a novel summary-statistics-based joint analysis method based on controlling the joint local false discovery rate (Jlfdr). Read More

In this paper, we present a Rank Revealing Randomized Singular Value Decomposition (R3SVD) algorithm to incrementally construct a low-rank approximation of a potentially large matrix while adaptively estimating the appropriate rank that can capture most of the actions of the matrix. Starting from a low-rank approximation with an initial guessed rank, R3SVD adopts an orthogonal Gaussian sampling approach to obtain the dominant subspace within the leftover space, which is used to add up to the existing low-rank approximation. Orthogonal Gaussian sampling is repeated until an appropriate low-rank approximation with satisfactory accuracy, measured by the overall energy percentage of the original matrix, is obtained. Read More

Over the last two decades, intensive research efforts have been devoted to the suppressions of photoluminescence (PL) blinking and Auger recombination in metal-chalcogenide nanocrystals (NCs), with significant progresses being made only very recently in several specific heterostructures. Here we show that nonblinking PL is readily available in the newly-synthesized perovskite CsPbI3 (cesium lead iodide) NCs, and their Auger recombination of charged excitons is greatly slowed down, as signified by a PL lifetime about twice shorter than that of neutral excitons. Moreover, spectral diffusion is completely absent in single CsPbI3 NCs at the cryogenic temperature, leading to a resolution-limited PL linewidth of ~200 {\mu}eV. Read More

We present a novel method for extracting cancer signatures by applying statistical risk models (http://ssrn.com/abstract=2732453) from quantitative finance to cancer genome data. Using 1389 whole genome sequenced samples from 14 cancers, we identify an "overall" mode of somatic mutational noise. Read More

This paper considers the joint fronthaul compression and transmit beamforming design for the uplink cloud radio access network (C-RAN), in which multi-antenna user terminals communicate with a cloud-computing based centralized processor (CP) through multi-antenna base-stations (BSs) serving as relay nodes. A compress-and-forward relaying strategy, named the VMAC scheme, is employed, in which the BSs can either perform single-user compression or Wyner-Ziv coding to quantize the received signals and send the quantization bits to the CP via capacity-limited fronthaul links; the CP performs successive decoding with either successive interference cancellation (SIC) receiver or linear minimum-mean-square-error (MMSE) receiver. Under this setup, this paper investigates the joint optimization of the transmit beamformers at the users and the quantization noise covariance matrices at the BSs for maximizing the network utility. Read More

This paper quantifies the benefits and limitations of cooperative communications by providing a statistical analysis of the downlink in network multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. We consider an idealized model where the multiple-antenna base-stations (BSs) are distributed according to a homogeneous Poisson point process and cooperate by forming disjoint clusters. We assume that perfect channel state information (CSI) is available at the cooperating BSs without any overhead. Read More

We give an explicit algorithm and source code for computing optimal weights for combining a large number N of alphas. This algorithm does not cost O(N^3) or even O(N^2) operations but is much cheaper, in fact, the number of required operations scales linearly with N. We discuss how in the absence of binary or quasi-binary clustering of alphas, which is not observed in practice, the optimization problem simplifies when N is large. Read More

Spin waves are collective excitations propagating in the magnetic medium with ordered magnetizations. Magnonics, utilizing the spin wave (magnon) as information carrier, is a promising candidate for low-dissipation computation and communication technologies. We discover that, due to the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, the scattering behavior of spin wave at a magnetic domain wall follows a generalized Snell's law, where two magnetic domains work as two different mediums. Read More

To elucidate the magnetic structure and the origin of the nematicity in FeSe, we perform a high-pressure $^{77}$Se NMR study on FeSe single crystals. We find a suppression of the structural transition temperature with pressure up to about 2 GPa from the anisotropy of the Knight shift. Above 2 GPa, a stripe-order antiferromagnetism that breaks the spatial four-fold rotational symmetry is determined by the NMR spectra under different field orientations and with temperatures down to 50 mK. Read More

The two stage electron acceleration model [arXiv: 1512.02411 and arXiv: 1512.07546] is extended to the study of laser magnetized-plasmas interactions at relativistic intensities and in the presence of large-scale preformed plasmas. Read More

We give complete algorithms and source code for constructing statistical risk models, including methods for fixing the number of risk factors. One such method is based on eRank (effective rank) and yields results similar to (and further validates) the method set forth in an earlier paper by one of us. We also give a complete algorithm and source code for computing eigenvectors and eigenvalues of a sample covariance matrix which requires i) no costly iterations and ii) the number of operations linear in the number of returns. Read More

A three-dimensional (3D) Dirac semimetal (DS) is an analogue of graphene, but with linear energy dispersion in all (three) momentum directions.3D DSs have been a fertile playground in discovering novel quantum particles, for example Weyl fermions, in solid state systems.Many 3D DSs (e. Read More

We give a complete algorithm and source code for constructing general multifactor risk models (for equities) via any combination of style factors, principal components (betas) and/or industry factors. For short horizons we employ the Russian-doll risk model construction to obtain a nonsingular factor covariance matrix. This generalizes the heterotic risk model construction to include arbitrary non-industry risk factors as well as industry risk factors with generic "weights". Read More

Black hole transients during bright outbursts show distinct changes of their spectral and variability properties as they evolve during an outburst, that are interpreted as evidence for changes in the accretion flow and X-ray emitting regions. We obtained an anticipated XMM-Newton ToO observation of H 1743-322 during its outburst in September 2014. Based on data of eight outbursts observed in the last 10 years we expected to catch the start of the hard-to-soft state transition. Read More

The potential of using of millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency for future wireless cellular communication systems has motivated the study of large-scale antenna arrays for achieving highly directional beamforming. However, the conventional fully digital beamforming methods which require one radio frequency (RF) chain per antenna element is not viable for large-scale antenna arrays due to the high cost and high power consumption of RF chain components in high frequencies. To address the challenge of this hardware limitation, this paper considers a hybrid beamforming architecture in which the overall beamformer consists of a low-dimensional digital beamformer followed by an RF beamformer implemented using analog phase shifters. Read More

We have investigated the polarization of attosecond light bursts generated by nanobunches of electrons from relativistic few-cycle laser pulse interaction with the surface of overdense plasmas. Particle-in-cell simulation shows that the polarization state of the generated attosecond burst depends on the incident-pulse polarization, duration, carrier envelope phase, as well as the plasma scale length. Through laser and plasma parameter control, without compromise of generation efficiency, a linearly polarized laser pulse with azimuth $\theta^i=10^\circ$ can generate an elliptically polarized attosecond burst with azimuth $|\theta^r_{\rm atto}|\approx61^\circ$ and ellipticity $\sigma^r_{\rm atto}\approx0. Read More

This paper studies the energy efficiency of the cloud radio access network (C-RAN), specifically focusing on two fundamental and different downlink transmission strategies, namely the data-sharing strategy and the compression strategy. In the data-sharing strategy, the backhaul links connecting the central processor (CP) and the base-stations (BSs) are used to carry user messages -- each user's messages are sent to multiple BSs; the BSs locally form the beamforming vectors then cooperatively transmit the messages to the user. In the compression strategy, the user messages are precoded centrally at the CP, which forwards a compressed version of the analog beamformed signals to the BSs for cooperative transmission. Read More