W. Yang

W. Yang
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W. Yang
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Quantum Physics (10)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (9)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5)
 
Physics - Materials Science (5)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (3)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (2)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Pattern Formation and Solitons (2)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
 
Mathematics - Probability (2)
 
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (2)
 
Mathematical Physics (2)
 
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
 
Mathematics - Group Theory (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)
 
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)
 
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
 
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1)

Publications Authored By W. Yang

In this work we have used the recent cosmic chronometers data along with the latest estimation of the local Hubble parameter value, $H_0$ at 2.4\% precision as well as the standard dark energy probes, such as the Supernovae Type Ia, baryon acoustic oscillation distance measurements, and cosmic microwave background measurements (PlanckTT $+$ lowP) to constrain a dark energy model where the dark energy is allowed to interact with the dark matter. A general equation of state of dark energy parametrized by a dimensionless parameter `$\beta$' is utilized. Read More

We propose a convenient orthogonal basis of the Hilbert space for the quantum spin chain associated with the $A^{(2)}_{2}$ algebra (or the Izergin-Korepin model). It is shown that the monodromy-matrix elements acting on this basis take simple forms, which is quite similar as that for the quantum spin chain associated with $A_n$ algebra in the so-called F-basis. As an application of our general results, we present the explicit expressions of the Bethe states in this basis for the Izergin-Korepin model. Read More

We consider the Gierer-Meinhardt system with small inhibitor diffusivity, very small activator diffusivity and a precursor inhomogeneity. For any given positive integer k we construct a spike cluster consisting of $k$ spikes which all approach the same nondegenerate local minimum point of the precursor inhomogeneity. We show that this spike cluster can be linearly stable. Read More

We explore the response of Ir $5d$ orbitals to pressure in $\beta$-$\mathrm{Li_2IrO_3}$, a hyperhoneycomb iridate in proximity to a Kitaev quantum spin liquid (QSL) ground state. X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals a reconstruction of the electronic ground state below 2 GPa, the same pressure range where x-ray magnetic circular dichroism shows an apparent collapse of magnetic order. The electronic reconstruction preserves the dominant $J_{\rm eff}=1/2$ character of the ground state. Read More

Inspired by the great success of recurrent neural networks (RNNs) in sequential modeling, we introduce a novel RNN system to improve the performance of online signature verification. The training objective is to directly minimize intra-class variations and to push the distances between skilled forgeries and genuine samples above a given threshold. By back-propagating the training signals, our RNN network produced discriminative features with desired metrics. Read More

The optomechanics can generate fantastic effects of optics due to appropriate mechanical control. Here we theoretically study effects of slow and fast lights in a single-sided optomechanical cavity with an external force. The force-induced transparency of slow/fast light and the force-dependent conversion between the slow and fast lights are resulted from involvement of anti-Stokes and Stokes processes, which can be controlled by properly modifying the effective cavity frequency due to the external force. Read More

The uncertainty relations, pioneered by Werner Heisenberg nearly 90 years ago, set a fundamental limitation on the joint measurability of complementary observables. This limitation has long been a subject of debate, which has been reignited recently due to new proposed forms of measurement uncertainty relations. The present work is associated with a new error trade-off relation for compatible observables approximating two incompatible observables, in keeping with the spirit of Heisenberg's original ideas of 1927. Read More

The Purple Mountain Observatory 13.7 m radio telescope has been used to search for 95 GHz (8$_0$--7$_1$A$^+$) class I methanol masers towards 1020 Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey (BGPS) sources, leading to 213 detections. We have compared the line width of the methanol and HCO$^+$ thermal emission in all of the methanol detections and on that basis we find 205 of the 213 detections are very likely to be masers. Read More

This paper studies a two-user state-dependent Gaussian multiple-access channel (MAC) with state noncausally known at one encoder. Two scenarios are considered: i) each user wishes to communicate an independent message to the common receiver, and ii) the two encoders send a common message to the receiver and the non-cognitive encoder (i.e. Read More

Pyrochlore iridates A2Ir2O7 (A = rare earth elements, Y or Bi) hold great promise for realizing novel electronic and magnetic states owing to the interplay of spin-orbit coupling, electron correlation and geometrical frustration. A prominent example is the formation of all-in/all-out (AIAO)antiferromagnetic order in the Ir^4+ sublattice that comprises of corner-sharing tetrahedra. Here we report on an unusual magnetic phenomenon, namely a cooling-field induced vertical shift of magnetic hysteresis loop, and its possible origin in pyrochlore iridates with non-magnetic Ir defects (e. Read More

We investigate the single qubit transformations under some typical incoherent operations, such as, incoherent operation (IO), strictly incoherent operation (SIO), physically incoherent operation (PIO), and coherence-preserving operation (CPO). Our research reveals that SIO=IO in the sense that the transformable region given by SIO is equal to the transformable region given by IO in the Bloch sphere representation. Moreover, these incoherent operations have a clear hierarchical relationship in the view of transformable region: CPO $\subset$ PIO $\subset$ SIO=IO. Read More

Magnetic skyrmions are chiral quasiparticles that show promise for future spintronic applications such as skyrmion racetrack memories and logic devices because of their topological stability, small size ($\sim3-100$ nm), and ultralow threshold force to drive their motion. On the other hand, the ability of light to carry and deliver orbital angular momentum (OAM) in the form of optical vortices has attracted a lot of interest. In this Letter, we predict a rotational motion of magnetic skyrmions subject to Laguerre-Gaussian optical vortices. Read More

We compute the two-loop anomalous dimension matrix in the scalar sector of planar ${\cal N}=3$ flavored ABJM theory. Using coordinate Bethe ansatz, we obtain the reflection matrix and confirm that the boundary Yang-Baxter equations are satisfied. This establishes the integrability of this theory in the scalar sector at the two-loop order. Read More

The total correlations in a bipartite quantum system are measured by the quantum mutual information $\mathcal{I}$, which consists of quantum discord and classical correlation. However, recent results in quantum information shows that coherence, which is a part of total correlation, is more general and more fundamental than discord. The role of coherence in quantum resource theories is worthwhile to investigate. Read More

We investigate the behavior of coherence in scattering quantum walk search on complete graph under the condition that the total number of vertices of the graph is greatly larger than the marked number of vertices we are searching, $N \gg v$. We find that the consumption of coherence represents the increase of the success probability for the searching,also the consumption of coherence is related to the efficiency of the algorithm represented by oracle queries.If no coherence is consumed, the efficiency of the algorithm will be the same as the classical blind search, implying that coherence is responsible for the speed up in this quantum algorithm over its classical counterpart. Read More

We prove uniqueness of blow up solutions of the mean field equation as $\rho_n \rightarrow 8\pi m$, $m\in\mathbb{N}$. If $u_{n,1}$ and $u_{n,2}$ are two sequences of bubbling solutions with the same $\rho_n$ and the same (non degenerate) blow up set, then $u_{n,1}=u_{n,2}$ for sufficiently large $n$. The proof of the uniqueness requires a careful use of some sharp estimates for bubbling solutions of mean field equations [24] and a rather involved analysis of suitably defined Pohozaev-type identities as recently developed in [47] in the context of the Chern-Simons-Higgs equations. Read More

We obtain a Chern-Osserman type equality of a complete properly immersed surface in Euclidean space, provided the L^2-norm of the second fundamental form is finite. Also, by using a monotonicity formula, we prove that if the L^2-norm of mean curvature of a noncompact surface is finite, then it has at least quadratic area growth. Read More

We theoretically investigate the spin injection in different FM/I/n-Si tunnel contacts by using the lattice NEGF method. We find that the tunnel contacts with low barrier materials such as TiO$_2$ and Ta$_{2}$O$_{5}$, have much lower resistances than the conventional barrier materials, resulting in a wider and attainable optimum parameters window for improving the spin injection efficiency and MR ratio of a vertical spin MOSFET. Additionally, we find the spin asymmetry coefficient of TiO$_2$ tunnel contact has a negative value, while that of Ta$_{2}$O$_{5}$ contact can be tuned between positive and negative values, by changing the parameters. Read More

Studies show that refining real-world categories into semantic subcategories contributes to better image modeling and classification. Previous image sub-categorization work relying on labeled images and WordNet's hierarchy is not only labor-intensive, but also restricted to classify images into NOUN subcategories. To tackle these problems, in this work, we exploit general corpus information to automatically select and subsequently classify web images into semantic rich (sub-)categories. Read More

We investigate how three different possibilities of neutrino mass hierarchies, namely normal, inverted, and degenerate, can affect the observational constraints on three well known dynamical dark energy models, namely the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder, logarithmic, and the Jassal-Bagla-Padmanabhan parametrizations. In order to impose the observational constraints on the models, we performed a robust analysis using Planck 2015 temperature and polarization data, Supernovae type Ia from Joint Light curve analysis, baryon acoustic oscillations distance measurements, redshift space distortion characterized by $f(z)\sigma_8(z)$ data, weak gravitational lensing data from Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Lensing Survey, and cosmic chronometers data plus the local value of the Hubble parameter. We find that different neutrino mass hierarchies return similar fit on almost all model parameters and mildly change the dynamical dark energy properties. Read More

We study rogue wave excitation pattern in a two-component Bose-Einstein condensate with pair-transition effects. The results indicate that rogue wave excitation can exist on a stripe phase background for which there are cosine and sine wave background in the two components respectively. The rogue wave peak can be much lower than the ones of scalar matter wave rogue waves, and varies with the wave period changing. Read More

The pioneering work of Brezis-Merle [7], Li-Shafrir [27], Li [26] and Bartolucci-Tarantello [4] showed that any sequence of blow up solutions for (singular) mean field equations of Liouville type must exhibit a "mass concentration" property. A typical situation of blow-up occurs when we let the singular (vortex) points involved in the equation (see (1.1) below) collapse together. Read More

Like other problems in computer vision, offline handwritten Chinese character recognition (HCCR) has achieved impressive results using convolutional neural network (CNN)-based methods. However, larger and deeper networks are needed to deliver state-of-the-art results in this domain. Such networks intuitively appear to incur high computational cost, and require the storage of a large number of parameters, which renders them unfeasible for deployment in portable devices. Read More

This paper presents an investigation of several techniques that increase the accuracy of online handwritten Chinese character recognition (HCCR). We propose a new training strategy named DropDistortion to train a deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) with distorted samples. DropDistortion gradually lowers the degree of character distortion during training, which allows the DCNN to better generalize. Read More

In this paper, we propose to incorporate convolutional neural networks with a multi-context attention mechanism into an end-to-end framework for human pose estimation. We adopt stacked hourglass networks to generate attention maps from features at multiple resolutions with various semantics. The Conditional Random Field (CRF) is utilized to model the correlations among neighboring regions in the attention map. Read More

This paper introduces Progressively Diffused Networks (PDNs) for unifying multi-scale context modeling with deep feature learning, by taking semantic image segmentation as an exemplar application. Prior neural networks, such as ResNet, tend to enhance representational power by increasing the depth of architectures and driving the training objective across layers. However, we argue that spatial dependencies in different layers, which generally represent the rich contexts among data elements, are also critical to building deep and discriminative representations. Read More

Engineering of cooling mechanisms is a bottleneck in nanoelectronics. Whereas thermal exchanges in diffusive graphene are driven by defect assisted acoustic phonon scattering (the so-called supercollisions), the case of highmobility graphene on hexagonal Boron Nitride (hBN) is radically different with a prominent contribution of remote phonons from the substrate. Here, we show that a bi-layer graphene on hBN transistor with local gate can be driven in a very original regime where almost perfect current saturation is achieved by compensation of the decrease of the carrier density and Zener-Klein tunneling (ZKT) at high bias, leading to unprecedented figures for the voltage gain. Read More

Although the low energy fractional excitations of one dimensional integrable models are often well-understood, exploring quantum dynamics in these systems remains challenging in the gapless regime, especially at intermediate and high energies. Based on the algebraic Bethe ansatz formalism, we study spin dynamics in the antiferromagnetic spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ XXZ chain with the Ising anisotropy via the form-factor formulae. Various excitations at different energy scales are identified crucial to the dynamic spin structure factors under the guidance of sum rules. Read More

Ensemble learning has been widely employed by mobile applications, ranging from environmental sensing to activity recognitions. One of the fundamental issue in ensemble learning is the trade-off between classification accuracy and computational costs, which is the goal of ensemble pruning. During crowdsourcing, the centralized aggregator releases ensemble learning models to a large number of mobile participants for task evaluation or as the crowdsourcing learning results, while different participants may seek for different levels of the accuracy-cost trade-off. Read More

We present here the results of the first part of the VLBI Ecliptic Plane Survey (VEPS) program. The goal of the program is to find all compact sources within $7.5^\circ$ of the ecliptic plane which are suitable as phase calibrators for anticipated phase referencing observations of spacecrafts and determine their positions with accuracy at the 1. Read More

We propose to realize microwave quantum illumination in weak coupling regime based on multimode optomechanical systems. In our proposal the multimode together with a frequency-mismatch process could reduce mechanical thermal noise. Therefore, we achieve a significant reduction of error probability than conventional detector in weak coupling regime. Read More

Recent investigations have shown that the extended main-sequence turnoffs (eMSTOs) are a common feature of intermediate-age star clusters in the Magellanic Clouds. The eMSTOs are also found in the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) of young-age star clusters. The origin of the eMSTOs is still an open question. Read More

The image super-resolution (SR) methods will essentially lead to a loss of some high-frequency (HF) information when predicting high-resolution (HR) images from low-resolution (LR) images without using external references. To address that, we additionally utilize online retrieved data to facilitate image SR in a unified deep framework. A novel dual high-frequency recovery network (DHN) is proposed to predict an HR image with three parts: an LR image, an internal inferred HF (IHF) map (HF missing part inferred solely from the LR image) and an external extracted HF (EHF) map. Read More

We study ultrastrong-coupling quantum-phase-transition phenomena in a few-qubit system. In the one-qubit case, three second-order transitions occur and the Goldstone mode emerges under the condition of ultrastrong-coupling strength. Moreover, a first-order phase transition occurs between two different superradiant phases. Read More

Face recognition techniques have been developed significantly in recent years. However, recognizing faces with partial occlusion is still challenging for existing face recognizers which is heavily desired in real-world applications concerning surveillance and security. Although much research effort has been devoted to developing face de-occlusion methods, most of them can only work well under constrained conditions, such as all the faces are from a pre-defined closed set. Read More

Understanding the mechanism of martensitic transformation is of great importance in developing advanced high strength steels, especially TRansformation-Induced Plasticity (TRIP) steels. The TRIP effect leads to enhanced work-hardening rate, postponed onset of necking and excellent formability. In-situ transmission electron microscopy has been performed to systematically investigate the dynamic interactions between dislocations and alpha martensite at microscale. Read More

As an intermediate state in the topological phase diagram, Dirac semimetals are of particular interest as a platform for studying topological phase transitions under external modulations. Despite a growing theoretical interest in this topic, it remains a substantial challenge to experimentally tune the system across topological phase transitions. Here, we investigate the Fermi surface evolution of Cd3As2 under high pressure through magnetotransport. Read More

This paper presents a study of the asymptotic geometry of groups with contracting elements, with emphasis on a subclass of \textit{statistically convex-cocompact} (SCC) actions. Among other things, we prove that SCC actions have the following properties: A. They contain purely contracting, quasi-convex, large free sub-semigroups, B. Read More

The single-particle Green's function (GF) of mesoscopic structures plays a central role in mesoscopic quantum transport. The recursive GF technique is a standard tool to compute this quantity numerically, but it lacks physical transparency and is limited to relatively small systems. Here we present a numerically efficient and physically transparent GF formalism for a general layered structure. Read More

I suggest a minimal extension of the SM with $U(1)_{B-L}\otimes Z_{2}$. It can simultaneously accommodate the tiny neutrino mass, cold dark mater and baryon asymmetry besides the SM. All of the new physics arise from the $U(1)_{B-L}$ violation at the energy scale about 1000 TeV. Read More

The Sierpinski gasket is known to support an exotic stochastic process called the asymptotically one-dimensional diffusion. This process displays local anisotropy, as there is a preferred direction of motion which dominates at the microscale, but on the macroscale we see global isotropy in that the process will behave like the canonical Brownian motion on the fractal. In this paper we analyse the microscale behaviour of such processes, which we call non-fixed point diffusions, for a class of fractals and show that there is a natural limit diffusion associated with the small scale asymptotics. Read More

We intent to use stellar models with and without alpha-enhancement, as well as asteroseismic analysis, to study two alpha-enhanced stars, KIC 7976303 and KIC 8694723. For the alpha-enhanced models, we adopt [alpha/Fe] = 0.2, and 0. Read More

An organic-inorganic halide perovskite of CH3NH3SnI3 with significantly improved structural stability is obtained via pressure-induced amorphization and recrystallization. In situ high-pressure resistance measurements reveal an increased electrical conductivity by 300% in the pressure-treated perovskite. Photocurrent measurements also reveal a substantial enhancement in visible-light responsiveness. Read More

The constrained energy minimization (CEM) and matched filter (MF) are two most frequently used target detection algorithms in the remotely sensed community. In this paper, we first introduce an augmented CEM (ACEM) by adding an all-one band. According to a recently published conclusion that CEM can always achieve a better performance by adding any linearly independent bands, ACEM is better than CEM. Read More

Squeezed-state interferometry plays an important role in quantum-enhanced optical phase estimation, as it allows the estimation precision to be improved up to the Heisenberg limit by using ideal photon-number-resolving detectors at the output ports. Here we show that for each individual $N$-photon component of the phase-matched coherent $\otimes$ squeezed vacuum input state, the classical Fisher information always saturates the quantum Fisher information. Moreover, the total Fisher information is the sum of the contributions from each individual $N$-photon components, where the largest $N$ is limited by the finite number resolution of available photon counters. Read More

The "CNN-RNN" design pattern is increasingly widely applied in a variety of image annotation tasks including multi-label classification and captioning. Existing models use the weakly semantic CNN hidden layer or its transform as the image embedding that provides the interface between the CNN and RNN. This leaves the RNN overstretched with two jobs: predicting the visual concepts and modelling their correlations for generating structured annotation output. Read More

In organic bulk heterojunction solar cells, the open circuit voltage ($V_\mathrm{oc}$) suffers from an ultra-high loss at low temperatures. In this work we investigate the origin of the loss through calculating the $V_\mathrm{oc}-T$ plots with the device model method systematically and comparing it with experimentally observed ones. When the energetic disorder is incorporated into the model by considering the disorder-suppressed and temperature-dependent charge carrier mobilities, it is found that for nonselective contacts the $V_\mathrm{oc}$ reduces drastically under the low temperature regime, while for selective contacts the $V_\mathrm{oc}$ keeps increasing with the decreasing temperature. Read More

We study the correspondence between modulational instability and types of fundamental nonlinear excitation in a nonlinear fiber with both third-order and fourth-order effects. Some stable soliton excitations are obtained in modulational instability regime, which have not been found in nonlinear fibers with second-order effects and third-order effects. Explicit analysis suggests that the stable soliton existence is related with the modulation stability circle in the modulation instability regime, and they just exist in the modulational instability regime outside of the modulational stability circle. Read More

We investigate the role of coherence in the Grover search algorithm by using several typical measures of quantum coherence and quantum correlations. By using the relative entropy of coherence measure, we show that the success probability depends on the depletion of coherence. Explicitly, in the limit case of few searcher items j/N<<1 in large database N>>1, the cost performance about coherence in enhancing the success probability of Grover search is related to the ratio j/N. Read More