W. X. Jiang

W. X. Jiang
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W. X. Jiang

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Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (10)
Physics - Materials Science (7)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (5)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
Physics - Superconductivity (4)
Quantum Physics (4)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
Physics - Other (2)
Physics - Optics (2)
Physics - Chemical Physics (2)
Physics - Geophysics (2)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Statistics - Theory (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1)
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)
Computer Science - Other (1)
Mathematics - Statistics (1)

Publications Authored By W. X. Jiang

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a technique for coupling phonons out of an optomechanical crystal cavity. By designing a perturbation that breaks a symmetry in the elastic structure, we selectively induce phonon leakage without affecting the optical properties. It is shown experimentally via cryogenic measurements that the proposed cavity perturbation causes loss of phonons into mechanical waves on the surface of silicon, while leaving photon lifetimes unaffected. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Windsor, Canada, 2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Windsor, Canada, 3Department of Control Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, China

Following the rapidly growing digital image usage, automatic image categorization has become preeminent research area. It has broaden and adopted many algorithms from time to time, whereby multi-feature (generally, hand-engineered features) based image characterization comes handy to improve accuracy. Recently, in machine learning, pre-trained deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs or ConvNets) have been that the features extracted through such DCNN can improve classification accuracy. Read More

The sure thing principle and the law of total probability are basic laws in classic probability theory. A disjunction fallacy leads to the violation of these two classical laws. In this paper, an Evidential Markov (EM) decision making model based on Dempster-Shafer (D-S) evidence theory and Markov modelling is proposed to address this issue and model the real human decision-making process. Read More

The primary contribution of this paper is an efficient Structure from Motion (SfM) solution for oblique unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images. First, an algorithm, considering spatial relationship constrains between image footprints, is designed for match pair selection with assistant of UAV flight control data and oblique camera mounting angles. Second, a topological connection network (TCN), represented by an undirected weighted graph, is constructed from initial match pairs, which encodes overlap area and intersection angle into edge weights. Read More

How to handle uncertainty in medical diagnosis is an open issue. In this paper, a new decision making methodology based on Z-numbers is presented. Firstly, the experts' opinions are represented by Z-numbers. Read More

We investigated the anisotropic magnetic properties of CePd$_2$As$_2$ by magnetic, thermal and electrical transport studies. X-ray diffraction confirmed the tetragonal ThCr$_2$Si$_2$-type structure and the high-quality of the single crystals. Magnetisation and magnetic susceptibility data taken along the different crystallographic directions evidence a huge crystalline electric field (CEF) induced Ising-type magneto-crystalline anisotropy with a large $c$-axis moment and a small in-plane moment at low temperature. Read More

Dempster-Shafer evidence theory is wildly applied in multi-sensor data fusion. However, lots of uncertainty and interference exist in practical situation, especially in the battle field. It is still an open issue to model the reliability of sensor reports. Read More

Dempster-Shafer theory of evidence is widely applied to uncertainty modelling and knowledge reasoning because of its advantages in dealing with uncertain information. But some conditions or requirements, such as exclusiveness hypothesis and completeness constraint, limit the development and application of that theory to a large extend. To overcome the shortcomings and enhance its capability of representing the uncertainty, a novel model, called D numbers, has been proposed recently. Read More

Stochastic user equilibrium is an important issue in the traffic assignment problems, tradition models for the stochastic user equilibrium problem are designed as mathematical programming problems. In this article, a Physarum-inspired model for the probit-based stochastic user equilibrium problem is proposed. There are two main contributions of our work. Read More

Magnetism in solids generally originates from the localized $d$- or $f$-orbitals that are hosted by heavy transition-metal elements. Here, we demonstrate a novel mechanism for designing half-metallic $f$-orbital Dirac fermion from superlight $sp$-elements. Combining first-principles and model calculations, we show that bare and flat-band-sandwiched (FBS) Dirac bands can be created when C$_{20}$ molecules are deposited into a 2D hexagonal lattice, which are composed of $f$-molecular orbitals (MOs) derived from $sp$-atomic orbitals (AOs). Read More

Given a polynomial system f associated with a simple multiple zero x of multiplicity {\mu}, we give a computable lower bound on the minimal distance between the simple multiple zero x and other zeros of f. If x is only given with limited accuracy, we propose a numerical criterion that f is certified to have {\mu} zeros (counting multiplicities) in a small ball around x. Furthermore, for simple double zeros and simple triple zeros whose Jacobian is of normalized form, we define modified Newton iterations and prove the quantified quadratic convergence when the starting point is close to the exact simple multiple zero. Read More

The sure thing principle and the law of total probability are basic laws in classic probability theory. A disjunction fallacy leads to the violation of these two classical probability laws. In this paper, a new quantum dynamic belief decision making model based on quantum dynamic modelling and Dempster-Shafer (D-S) evidence theory is proposed to address this issue and model the real human decision-making process. Read More

Markov chain model is widely applied in many fields, especially the field of prediction. The classical Discrete-time Markov chain(DTMC) is a widely used method for prediction. However, the classical DTMC model has some limitation when the system is complex with uncertain information or state space is not discrete. Read More

DAMPE is a space-based mission designed as a high energy particle detector measuring cosmic-rays and $\gamma-$rays which was successfully launched on Dec.17, 2015. The BGO electromagnetic calorimeter is one of the key sub-detectors of DAMPE for energy measurement of electromagnetic showers produced by $e^{\pm}/{\gamma}$. Read More

Categorization is necessary for many decision making tasks. However, the categorization process may interfere the decision making result and the law of total probability can be violated in some situations. To predict the interference effect of categorization, some model based on quantum probability has been proposed. Read More

Supplier selection is a typical multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) problem and lots of uncertain information exist inevitably. To address this issue, a new method was proposed based on interval data fusion. Our method follows the original way to generate classical basic probability assignment(BPA) determined by the distance among the evidences. Read More

In this paper, we consider two four-dimensional Horndeski-type gravity theories with scalar fields that give rise to solutions with momentum dissipation in the dual boundary theories. Firstly, we study Einstein-Maxwell theory with a Horndeski axion term and two additional free axions which are responsible for momentum dissipation. We construct static electrically charged AdS planar black hole solutions in this theory and calculate analytically the holographic DC conductivity of the dual field theory. Read More

In current large-scale distributed key-value stores, a single end-user request may lead to key-value access across tens or hundreds of servers. The tail latency of these key-value accesses is crucial to the user experience and greatly impacts the revenue. To cut the tail latency, it is crucial for clients to choose the fastest replica server as much as possible for the service of each key-value access. Read More

Affiliations: 1Argonne National Laboratory, 2Argonne National Laboratory, 3University of Science and Technology of China, 4Argonne National Laboratory, 5Argonne National Laboratory, 6Argonne National Laboratory, 7University of Bern

We place a 2.5% limit on the anthropogenic contribution to the modern abundance of 81Kr/Kr in the atmosphere at the 90% confidence level. Due to its simple production and transport in the terrestrial environment, 81Kr (halflife = 230,000 yr) is an ideal tracer for old water and ice with mean residence times in the range of 10^5-10^6 years. Read More

We report a new kagome quantum spin liquid candidate Cu$_3$Zn(OH)$_6$FBr, which does not experience any phase transition down to 50 mK, more than three orders lower than the antiferromagnetic Curie-Weiss temperature ($\sim$ 200 K). A clear spin gap opening at low temperature is observed in the uniform spin susceptibility obtained from $^{19}$F nuclear magnetic resonance measurements. We observe, for the first time, the characteristic magnetic field dependence of the gap as expected for fractionalized spin-1/2 spinon excitations. Read More

In recent years, dielectric rod based metasurface lenses have been particularly investigated for their potential applications in replacing the traditional bulky lens with high efficiency. However, the isolated granular structure may lead to robustness and chromatic aberration concerns. In this work, a low refractive-index embedding medium was applied to solve the structural stability problem that also enables the device to be transferable to desired position or surface. Read More

A cluster-transfer experiment $^9$Be($^9$Be,$^{14}$C$^*\rightarrow\alpha$+$^{10}$Be)$\alpha$ was carried out using an incident beam energy of 45 MeV. This reaction channel has a large $Q$-value that favors populating the high-lying states in $^{14}$C and separating various reaction channels. A number of resonant states are reconstructed from the forward emitting $^{10}$Be + $\alpha$ fragments with respect to three sets of well discriminated final states in $^{10}$Be, most of which agree with the previous observations. Read More

We present here the results of the first part of the VLBI Ecliptic Plane Survey (VEPS) program. The goal of the program is to find all compact sources within $7.5^\circ$ of the ecliptic plane which are suitable as phase calibrators for anticipated phase referencing observations of spacecrafts and determine their positions with accuracy at the 1. Read More

A quantum hydrodynamic model is used to study the edge modes of chiral Berry plasmons. The transcendental equation of the dispersion relation is solved nonlinearly and semi-analytically. We predict a new one-way chiral edge state with the quantum effect compared to that without the quantum effect, at the both side of $q=0$. Read More

The ligand-protected Au13 clusters have been synthesized by using meso-2,3-imercaptosuccinic acid as the reducing and stabilizing agent. Transmission electron microscopic analysis shows a size distribution of 0.6nm. Read More

Analyses for $^{81}$Kr and noble gases on groundwater from the deepest aquifer system of the Baltic Artesian Basin (BAB) were performed to determine groundwater ages and uncover the flow dynamics of the system on a timescale of several hundred thousand years. We find that the system is controlled by mixing of three distinct water masses: Interglacial or recent meteoric water $(\delta^{18}\text{O} \approx -10.4\unicode{x2030})$ with a poorly evolved chemical and noble gas signature, glacial meltwater $(\delta^{18}\text{O} \leq -18\unicode{x2030})$ with elevated noble gas concentrations, and an old, high-salinity brine component $(\delta^{18}\text{O} \geq -4. Read More

The heating effect of terahertz pulse with various frequencies and intensities on the heavy water solution is investigated using the molecular dynamics simulation. Resonant absorptions are found for both heavy water and light water, but at a different resonant frequency which is about 16 THz for heavy water and 21 THz for light water. This resonant phenomenon can be explained perfectly by the collective rotational modes that may release water molecules from hydrogen bonding. Read More

We have successfully synthesized single crystals of EuNi$_5$As$_3$ using a flux method and we present a comprehensive study of the physical properties using magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, electrical resistivity, thermoelectric power and x-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements. EuNi$_5$As$_3$ undergoes two close antiferromagnetic transitions at respective temperatures of $T_{N1}$ = 7.2 K and $T_{N2}$ = 6. Read More

The user equilibrium traffic assignment principle is very important in the traffic assignment problem. Mathematical programming models are designed to solve the user equilibrium problem in traditional algorithms. Recently, the Physarum shows the ability to address the user equilibrium and system optimization traffic assignment problems. Read More

How to manage conflict is still an open issue in Dempster-Shafer evidence theory. The correlation coefficient can be used to measure the similarity of evidence in Dempster-Shafer evidence theory. However, existing correlation coefficients of belief functions have some shortcomings. Read More

The newly observed ($\sqrt3$$\times$$\sqrt3$) surface reconstruction in heteroepitaxial Si(111) thin films on metal substrates is widely considered as a promising platform to realize 2D Dirac and topological states, yet its formation mechanism and structural stability are poorly understood, leading to the controversial terminology of "multilayer silicene". Based on valence bond and conjugation theory, we propose a {\pi}-conjugation plus charge-transfer model to elucidate such a unique "bamboo hat" surface geometry. The formation of planar ring-shaped {\pi}-conjugation and charge transfer from the rings to upper buckled Si atoms greatly lower the surface dangling bond energy. Read More

The few-layer graphene quantum dot provides a promising platform for quantum computing with both spin and valley degrees of freedom. Gate-defined quantum dots in particular can avoid noise from edge disorders. In connection with the recent experimental efforts [Y. Read More

Experiments, theory and atomistic simulations show that finite triple junction mobility results in non-equilibrium triple junction angles in evolving polycrystalline systems. These angles have been predicted and verified for cases where grain boundary migration is steady-state. Yet, steady-state never occurs during the evolution of polycrystalline microstructures as a result of changing grain size and topological events (e. Read More

Electronic structure of single crystalline Ba(Zn$_{0.875}$Mn$_{0.125}$)$_{2}$As$_{2}$, parent compound of the recently founded high-temperature ferromagnetic semiconductor, was studied by high-resolution photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). Read More

Single monolayer (ML) FeSe films grown on Nb-doped SrTiO3(001) substrates show the highest superconducting transition temperature (TC ~ 100 K) among the iron-based superconductors (iron-pnictide), while TC of bulk FeSe is only ~ 8 K. Antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin fluctuations were proposed to be crucial in iron-pnictides, which has inspired several proposals to understand the FeSe/SrTiO3 system. Although bulk FeSe does not show AFM order, calculations suggest that the parent FeSe/SrTiO3 films are AFM and the AFM interaction could be enhanced at the interface. Read More

Hydrogen bond (H-bond) covalency has recently been observed in ice and liquid water, while the penetrating molecular orbitals (MOs) in the H-bond region of most typical water dimer system, (H2O)2, have also been discovered. However, obtaining the quantitative contribution of these MOs to the H-bond interaction is still problematic. In this work, we introduced the orbital-resolved electron density projected integral (EDPI) along the H-bond to approach this problem. Read More

Magnetic insulators, such as yttrium iron garnet (Y$_3$Fe$_5$O$_{12}$), are ideal materials for ultra-low power spintronics applications due to their low energy dissipation and efficient spin current generation and transmission. Recently, it has been realized that spin dynamics can be driven very effectively in micrometer-sized Y$_3$Fe$_5$O$_{12}$/Pt heterostructures by spin-Hall effects. We demonstrate here the excitation and detection of spin dynamics in Y$_3$Fe$_5$O$_{12}$/Pt nanowires by spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance. Read More

The newly discovered BaPt$_2$As$_2$ shows a structural distortion at around 275~K, followed by the emergence of superconductivity at lower temperatures. Here we identify the presence of charge density wave (CDW) order at room temperature and ambient pressure using single crystal x-ray diffraction, with both a superlattice and an incommensurate modulation, where there is a change of the superlattice structure below $\simeq$ 275~K. Upon applying pressure, BaPt$_2$As$_2$ shows a rich temperature-pressure phase diagram with multiple pressure-induced transitions at high temperatures, the emergence or disappearance of which are correlated with sudden changes in the superconducting transition temperature $T_c$. Read More

A microelectromechanical oscillator with a gap of 1.25 $\mu$m was immersed in superfluid $^3$He-B and cooled below 250 $\mu$K at various pressures. Mechanical resonances of its shear motion were measured at various levels of driving force. Read More

We establish the limiting distribution (in total variation) of the quasi posteriors based on moment conditions, which only partially identify the parameters of interest. Some examples are discussed. Read More

Organic semiconductors find increasing importance in spin transport devices due to the modulation and control of their properties through chemical synthetic versatility. The organic materials are used as interlayers between two ferromagnet (FM) electrodes in organic spin valves (OSV), as well as for magnetic spin manipulation of metal-organic complexes at the molecular level. In the latter, specifically, the substrate-induced magnetic switching in a paramagnetic molecule has been evoked extensively, but studied by delicate surface spectroscopies. Read More

We present a new approach for predicting stable equilibrium shapes of crystalline islands on flat substrates, as commonly occur through solid-state dewetting of thin films. The new theory is a generalization of the widely used Winterbottom construction i.e. Read More

With 91 months of the publicly available Fermi-LAT Pass 8 data, we analyze the gamma-ray emission from the Milky Way satellites to search for potential line signals due to the annihilation of dark matter particles into double photons. The searched targets include a sample of dwarf spheroidal galaxies, the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). No significant line emission has been found neither in the stacked dwarf galaxy sample nor in the direction of LMC/SMC. Read More

Recently, Cloud-based Radio Access Network (C-RAN) has been proposed as a potential solution to reduce energy cost in cellular networks. C-RAN centralizes the baseband processing capabilities of Base Stations (BSs) in a cloud computing platform in the form of BaseBand Unit (BBU) pool. In C-RAN, power consumed by the traditional BS system is distributed as wireless transmission power of the Remote Radio Heads (RRHs) and baseband processing power of the BBU pool. Read More

Whether there exist independent transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) modes in a metallic waveguide filled with an anisotropic medium is a fundamental question in electromagnetics waveguide theory, but so far no definitive answers have been published. This paper establishes a necessary and sufficient condition for having independent TE and TM modes in a waveguide filled with a homogeneous lossless anisotropic medium based on both waveguide theory in electromagnetics and basic knowledge in mathematics. Moreover, for the independent TE modes, we prove the propagation constants obtained from both the longitudinal scalar magnetic field stimulation and the transverse vector electric field stimulation are the same; for the independent TM modes, the propagation constants obtained from both the longitudinal scalar electric field stimulation and the transverse vector magnetic field stimulation are the same. Read More

Community detection has been an active research area for decades. Among all probabilistic models, Stochastic Block Model has been the most popular one. This paper introduces a novel probabilistic model: RW-HDP, based on random walks and Hierarchical Dirichlet Process, for community extraction. Read More

We show that the results in \cite{Ge-Jiang1} are still true in hyperbolic background geometry setting, that is, the solution to Chow-Luo's combinatorial Ricci flow can always be extended to a solution that exists for all time, furthermore, the extended solution converges exponentially fast if and only if there exists a metric with zero curvature. We also give some results about the range of discrete Gaussian curvatures, which generalize Andreev-Thurston's theorem to some extent. Read More

A cluster-transfer experiment of $^9\rm{Be}(^9\rm{Be},^{14}\rm{C}\rightarrow\alpha+^{10}\rm{Be})\alpha$ at an incident energy of 45 MeV was carried out in order to investigate the molecular structure in high-lying resonant states in $^{14}$C. This reaction is of extremely large $Q$-value, making it an excellent case to select the reaction mechanism and the final states in outgoing nuclei. The high-lying resonances in $^{14}$C are reconstructed for three sets of well discriminated final states in $^{10}$Be. Read More

It has been a puzzle whether quarks may exist in the interior of massive neutron stars, since the hadron-quark phase transition softens the equation of state (EOS) and reduce the neutron star (NS) maximum mass very significantly. In this work, we consider the light U-boson that increases the NS maximum mass appreciably through its weak coupling to fermions. The inclusion of the U-boson may thus allow the existence of the quark degrees of freedom in the interior of large mass neutron stars. Read More

The mechanical resonance properties of a micro-electro-mechanical oscillator with a gap of 1.25 $\mu$m was studied in superfluid $^3$He-B at various pressures. The oscillator was driven in the linear damping regime where the damping coefficient is independent of the oscillator velocity. Read More