W. Wu - Stanford University

W. Wu
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Name
W. Wu
Affiliation
Stanford University
City
Irvine
Country
United States

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
Quantum Physics (5)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (4)
 
Physics - Materials Science (3)
 
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (3)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
 
Nuclear Experiment (3)
 
Physics - Optics (2)
 
Statistics - Theory (2)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
 
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (2)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
 
Mathematics - Probability (1)
 
Computer Science - Databases (1)
 
Physics - Medical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
Mathematics - Operator Algebras (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
 
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (1)
 
Computer Science - Symbolic Computation (1)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
 
Mathematics - Symplectic Geometry (1)
 
Computer Science - Computational Complexity (1)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)

Publications Authored By W. Wu

Recent experiments have shown rotation of the plane of polarization of light reflected from the surface of some superconductors. This indicates that time reversal and certain mirror symmetries are broken in the ordered phase. The photon energy exceeds the electronic bandwidth, so that completely filled or completely empty bands must play a role. Read More

As a typical approach of demand response (DR), direct load control (DLC) enables load service entity (LSE) to adjust electricity usage of home-end customers for peak shaving during DLC event. Households are connected in low voltage distribution networks, which is three phase unbalanced. However, existing works have not considered the network constraints and operational constraints of three phase unbalanced distribution systems, thus may ending up with decisions that deviate from reality or even infeasible in real world. Read More

We present the strongest constraints to date on anisotropies of CMB polarization rotation derived from $150$ GHz data taken by the BICEP2 & Keck Array CMB experiments up to and including the 2014 observing season (BK14). The definition of polarization angle in BK14 maps has gone through self-calibration in which the overall angle is adjusted to minimize the observed $TB$ and $EB$ power spectra. After this procedure, the $QU$ maps lose sensitivity to a uniform polarization rotation but are still sensitive to anisotropies of polarization rotation. Read More

For its high coefficient of performance and zero local emissions, the heat pump (HP) has recently become popular in North Europe and China. However, the integration of HPs may aggravate the daily peak-valley gap in distribution networks significantly. Read More

We investigate quantum turbulence in a two-dimensional trapped supersolid and demonstrate that both the wave and vortex turbulence involve triple rather than dual cascades, as in a superfluid. Because of the presence of a second gapless mode associated with translation symmetry breaking, a new $k^{-13/3}$ scaling law is predicted to occur in the wave turbulence. Simultaneous fast vortex-antivortex creation and annihilation in the interior of the oscillating supersolid results in a $k^{-1}$ scaling law in the vortex turbulence. Read More

A special homotopy continuation method, as a combination of the polyhedral homotopy and the linear product homotopy, is proposed for computing all the isolated solutions to a special class of polynomial systems. The root number bound of this method is between the total degree bound and the mixed volume bound and can be easily computed. The new algorithm has been implemented as a program called LPH using C++. Read More

Experimental demonstrations of 1D van der Waals material tellurium have been presented by Raman spectroscopy under strain and magneto-transport. Raman spectroscopy measurements have been performed under strains along different principle axes. Pronounced strain response along c-axis is observed due to the strong intra-chain covalent bonds, while no strain response is obtained along a-axis due to the weak inter-chain van der Waals interaction. Read More

Assume that $V$ is a braided vector space with diagonal type. It is shown that a monomial belongs to Nichols braided Lie algebra $\mathfrak L(V)$ if and only if this monomial is connected. A basis of Nichols braided Lie algebra and dimension of Nichols braided Lie algebra of finite Cartan type are obtained. Read More

The reliable production of two-dimensional (2D) crystals are essential for exploring new science and implementing novel technologies in the 2D limit. However, ongoing efforts are limited by the vague potential in scaling-up, restrictions in growth substrates and conditions, small sizes and/or instability of synthesized materials. Here we report the fabrication of large-area, high-quality 2D tellurium (termed tellurene) by a substrate-free solution process. Read More

In this paper some general theory is presented for locally stationary processes based on the stationary approximation and the stationary derivative. Strong laws of large numbers, central limit theorems as well as deterministic and stochastic bias expansions are proved for processes obeying an expansion in terms of the stationary approximation and derivative. In addition it is shown that this applies to some general nonlinear non-stationary Markov-models. Read More

We construct a class of positive linear maps on matrix algebras. We find conditions when these maps are atomic, decomposable and completely positive. We obtain a large class of atomic positive linear maps. Read More

2017Apr
Authors: F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More

In this article we propose a novel Device-to-Device (D2D) Crowd framework for 5G mobile edge computing, where a massive crowd of devices at the network edge leverage the network-assisted D2D collaboration for computation and communication resource sharing among each other. A key objective of this framework is to achieve energy-efficient collaborative task executions at network-edge for mobile users. Specifically, we first introduce the D2D Crowd system model in details, and then formulate the energy-efficient D2D Crowd task assignment problem by taking into account the necessary constraints. Read More

In this paper, we prove that for every integer $k \geq 1$, the $k$-abelian complexity function of the Cantor sequence $\mathbf{c} = 101000101\cdots$ is a $3$-regular sequence. Read More

We report the first result on Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decay from CDEX-1 experiment at China Jinping Underground Laboratory. A mass of 994 g p-type point-contact high purity germanium detector has been installed to search the neutrinoless double beta decay events, as well as to directly detect dark matter particles. An exposure of 304 kg*day has been analyzed. Read More

Thrombosis is a common complication following the surgical implantation of blood contacting devices, and is strongly influenced by the phenomenon of near-wall enrichment of platelets. This paper describes a multi-constituent continuum approach to study this phenomenon. A mixture-theory model is used to describe the motion of the plasma and the red blood cells (RBCs) and the interactions between the two components. Read More

The minimal evolution time between two distinguishable states is of fundamental interest in quantum physics. Very recently Mirkin et al. argue that some most common quantum-speed-limit (QSL) bounds which depend on the actual evolution time do not cleave to the essence of the QSL theory as they grow indefinitely but the final state is reached at a finite time in a damped Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model. Read More

In this paper, we study the fully developed gravity-driven flow of granular materials between two inclined planes. We assume that the granular materials can be represented by a modified form of the second-grade fluid where the viscosity depends on the shear rate and volume fraction and the normal stress coefficients depend on the volume fraction. We also propose a new isotropic (spherical) part of the stress tensor which can be related to the compactness of the (rigid) particles. Read More

In recent years, dielectric rod based metasurface lenses have been particularly investigated for their potential applications in replacing the traditional bulky lens with high efficiency. However, the isolated granular structure may lead to robustness and chromatic aberration concerns. In this work, a low refractive-index embedding medium was applied to solve the structural stability problem that also enables the device to be transferable to desired position or surface. Read More

Spherical regression explores relationships between variables on spherical domains. We develop a nonparametric model that uses a diffeomorphic map from a sphere to itself. The restriction of this mapping to diffeomorphisms is natural in several settings. Read More

We study multi-turn response generation in chatbots where a response is generated according to a conversation context. Existing work has modeled the hierarchy of the context, but does not pay enough attention to the fact that words and utterances in the context are differentially important. As a result, they may lose important information in context and generate irrelevant responses. Read More

We present a demonstration of delensing the observed cosmic microwave background (CMB) B-mode polarization anisotropy. This process of reducing the gravitational-lensing generated B-mode component will become increasingly important for improving searches for the B modes produced by primordial gravitational waves. In this work, we delens B-mode maps constructed from multi-frequency SPTpol observations of a 90 deg$^2$ patch of sky by subtracting a B-mode template constructed from two inputs: SPTpol E-mode maps and a lensing potential map estimated from the $\textit{Herschel}$ $500\,\mu m$ map of the CIB. Read More

We investigate the quantum Zeno and anti-Zeno effects in quantum dissipative systems by employing a hierarchical equations of motion approach which is beyond the usual Markovian approximation, the rotating wave approximation, and the perturbative approximation. The quantum Zeno and anti-Zeno dynamics of a biased qubit-boson model and a biased qutrit-boson model are provided as illustrative examples. It is found that (i) there exists multiple Zeno-anti-Zeno crossover phenomena, (ii) the non-Markovian characteristic of the bath may be favorable for the accessibility of the Zeno dynamics, and (iii) high bath temperature may add the difficulty in observing the quantum Zeno effect in quantum dissipative systems. Read More

Social networks allow rapid spread of ideas and innovations while the negative information can also propagate widely. When the cascades with different opinions reaching the same user, the cascade arriving first is the most likely to be taken by the user. Therefore, once misinformation or rumor is detected, a natural containment method is to introduce a positive cascade competing against the rumor. Read More

We give a basis of Nichols braided Lie algebras $\mathfrak L(V)$ while $\mathfrak B(V) $ is Nichols algebra of diagonal type with $\dim V=n\geq2$ and the generalized Dynkin diagram of $V$ with $p_{ii}\neq1$ for all $1\leq i\leq n$. Furthermore, we obtain the dimensions of Nichols braided Lie algebras $\mathfrak L(V)$ if $V$ is a connected finite Cartan type with Cartan matrix $(a_{ij})_{n\times n}$. Read More

The experimental efforts characterizing the era of precision neutrino physics revolve around collecting high-statistics neutrino samples and attaining an excellent energy and position resolution. Next generation liquid-based neutrino detectors, such as JUNO, HyperKamiokande, etc, share the use of a large target mass, and the need of pushing light collection to the edge for maximal calorimetric information. Achieving high light collection implies considerable costs, especially when considering detector masses of several kt. Read More

We report an anomalous decoherence phenomenon of a quantum dissipative system in the framework of a stochastic decoupling scheme along with a hierarchical equations-of-motion formalism without the usual Born-Markov or weak coupling approximations. It is found that the decoherence of a two-qubit spin-boson model can be reduced by increasing the bath temperature in strong-coupling regimes. For the weak-coupling situation, we find that the bath temperature may enhance the decoherence. Read More

2016Dec

In a social network, influence diffusion is the process of spreading innovations from user to user. An activation state identifies who are the active users who have adopted the target innovation. Given an activation state of a certain diffusion, effector detection aims to reveal the active users who are able to best explain the observed state. Read More

We study response selection for multi-turn conversation in retrieval-based chatbots. Existing work either concatenates utterances in context or matches a response with a highly abstract context vector finally, which may lose relationships among utterances or important contextual information. We propose a sequential matching network (SMN) to address both problems. Read More

Kibble-Zurek Mechanism (KZM) is applied broadly on the cosmology and condensed matter field to analyze topological defects. However, it is just mainly used to deal with the defects formed in linear and global quenching conditions, which greatly limits its application field. There is blank in nonlinear or local quenching area for KZM. Read More

Let $(X,\omega)$ be a symplectic rational 4 manifold. We study the space of tamed almost complex structures $\mathcal{J}_{\omega}$ using a fine decomposition via smooth rational curves and a relative version of the infinite dimensional Alexander duality. This decomposition provides new understandings of both the variation and stability of the symplectomorphism group $Symp(X,\omega)$ when deforming $\omega$. Read More

Conventional optical zoom system is bulky, expensive and complicated for real time adjustment. Recent progress in the metasurface research has provided a new solution to achieve innovative compact optical systems. In this paper, we propose a highly integrated zoom lens with dual field-of-view (FOV) based on double sided metasurfaces. Read More

We consider the problem of how to reduce the cost of communication that is required for the parallel training of a neural network. The state-of-the-art method, Bulk Synchronous Parallel Stochastic Gradient Descent (BSP-SGD), requires many collective communication operations, like broadcasts of parameters or reductions for sub-gradient aggregations, which for large messages quickly dominates overall execution time and limits parallel scalability. To address this problem, we develop a new technique for collective operations, referred to as Linear Pipelining (LP). Read More

Due to the low conductivity of pure water, using an electrolyte is common for achieving efficient water electrolysis. In this paper, we have broken through this common sense by using deep-sub-Debye-length nanogap electrochemical cells for the electrolysis of pure water. At such nanometer scale, the field-driven pure water splitting exhibits a completely different mechanism from the macrosystem. Read More

Long text brings a big challenge to semantic matching due to their complicated semantic and syntactic structures. To tackle the challenge, we consider using prior knowledge to help identify useful information and filter out noise to matching in long text. To this end, we propose a knowledge enhanced hybrid neural network (KEHNN). Read More

HV-CMOS pixel sensors are a promising option for the tracker upgrade of the ATLAS experiment at the LHC, as well as for other future tracking applications in which large areas are to be instrumented with radiation-tolerant silicon pixel sensors. We present results of testbeam characterisations of the $4^{\mathrm{th}}$ generation of Capacitively Coupled Pixel Detectors (CCPDv4) produced with the ams H18 HV-CMOS process that have been irradiated with different particles (reactor neutrons and 18 MeV protons) to fluences between $1\cdot 10^{14}$ and $5\cdot 10^{15}$ 1-MeV-n$_\textrm{eq}$/cm$^2$. The sensors were glued to ATLAS FE-I4 pixel readout chips and measured at the CERN SPS H8 beamline using the FE-I4 beam telescope. Read More

While automatic response generation for building chatbot systems has drawn a lot of attention recently, there is limited understanding on when we need to consider the linguistic context of an input text in the generation process. The task is challenging, as messages in a conversational environment are short and informal, and evidence that can indicate a message is context dependent is scarce. After a study of social conversation data crawled from the web, we observed that some characteristics estimated from the responses of messages are discriminative for identifying context dependent messages. Read More

The class of queries for detecting path is an important as those can extract implicit binary relations over the nodes of input graphs. Most of the path querying languages used by the RDF community, like property paths in W3C SPARQL 1.1 and nested regular expressions in nSPARQL are based on the regular expressions. Read More

Recently, an ultra-low-cost linear scan based tomography architecture was proposed by our team. Similar to linear tomosynthesis, the source and detector are translated in opposite directions and the data acquisition system targets on a region-of-interest (ROI) to acquire data for image reconstruction. This kind of tomography architecture was named parallel translational computed tomography (PTCT). Read More

2016Oct
Authors: Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A measurement of electron antineutrino oscillation by the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is described in detail. Six 2.9-GW$_{\rm th}$ nuclear power reactors of the Daya Bay and Ling Ao nuclear power facilities served as intense sources of $\overline{\nu}_{e}$'s. Read More

We study two dimensional massless field in a box with potential $V\left( \nabla \phi \left( \cdot \right) \right) $ and zero boundary condition, where $V$ is any symmetric and uniformly convex function. Naddaf-Spencer and Miller proved the macroscopic averages of this field converge to a continuum Gaussian free field. In this paper we prove the distribution of local marginal $\phi \left( x\right) $, for any $x$ in the bulk, has a Gaussian tail. Read More

2016Oct

This book lays out the scientific goals to be addressed by the next-generation ground-based cosmic microwave background experiment, CMB-S4, envisioned to consist of dedicated telescopes at the South Pole, the high Chilean Atacama plateau and possibly a northern hemisphere site, all equipped with new superconducting cameras. CMB-S4 will dramatically advance cosmological studies by crossing critical thresholds in the search for the B-mode polarization signature of primordial gravitational waves, in the determination of the number and masses of the neutrinos, in the search for evidence of new light relics, in constraining the nature of dark energy, and in testing general relativity on large scales. Read More

Cyclic redundancy check (CRC) aided polar codes are capable of achieving better performance than low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes under the successive cancelation list (SCL) decoding scheme. However, the SCL decoding scheme suffers from very high space and time complexities. Especially, the high space complexity is a major concern for adopting polar codes in modern mobile communication standards. Read More

We investigate the quantum phase transitions of spin systems in one and two dimensions by employing trace distance and multipartite entanglement along with real-space quantum renormalization group method. As illustration examples, a one-dimensional and a two-dimensional $XY$ models are considered. It is shown that the quantum phase transitions of these spin-chain systems can be revealed by the singular behaviors of the first derivatives of renormalized trace distance and multipartite entanglement in the thermodynamics limit. Read More

Topological insulators (TI) are a phase of matter that host unusual metallic states on their surfaces. Unlike the states that exist on the surface of conventional materials, these so-called topological surfaces states (TSS) are protected against disorder-related localization effects by time reversal symmetry through strong spin-orbit coupling. By combining transport measurements, angle-resolved photo-emission spectroscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy, we show that there exists a critical level of disorder beyond which the TI Bi2Se3 loses its ability to protect the metallic TSS and transitions to a fully insulating state. Read More

Robust face representation is imperative to highly accurate face recognition. In this work, we propose an open source face recognition method with deep representation named as VIPLFaceNet, which is a 10-layer deep convolutional neural network with 7 convolutional layers and 3 fully-connected layers. Compared with the well-known AlexNet, our VIPLFaceNet takes only 20% training time and 60% testing time, but achieves 40\% drop in error rate on the real-world face recognition benchmark LFW. Read More

We have established a potential landscape and flux field theory for stochastic fluid dynamical systems, turbulence systems in particular, governed by stochastically forced Navier-Stokes equations. We have found that detailed balance breaking, which characterizes the nonequilibrium nature of stochastic fluid dynamical systems, leads directly to a pair of interconnected characteristic consequences, namely, the non-Gaussian potential landscape and the nonvanishing irreversible flux. This 'nonequilibrium trinity' is manifested in various aspects and at different levels of nonequilibrium stochastic fluid dynamical systems. Read More

We introduce a method for summing Feynman's perturbation series based on diagrammatic Monte Carlo that significantly improves its convergence properties. This allows us to investigate in a controllable manner the pseudogap regime of the Hubbard model and to study the nodal/antinodal dichotomy at low doping and intermediate coupling. Marked differences from the weak coupling scenario are manifest, such as a higher degree of incoherence at the antinodes than at the `hot spots'. Read More