# W. Tang - Ohio University

## Contact Details

NameW. Tang |
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AffiliationOhio University |
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CityAthens |
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CountryUnited States |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Experiment (15) Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (12) Mathematics - Probability (9) Nuclear Experiment (7) Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (4) Quantum Physics (4) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3) Mathematics - Functional Analysis (3) Computer Science - Information Theory (3) Mathematics - Information Theory (3) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2) Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1) Physics - Plasma Physics (1) Physics - Computational Physics (1) Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1) Computer Science - Performance (1) Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1) Physics - Optics (1) Computer Science - Other (1) Mathematics - Logic (1) Physics - Other (1) Physics - Materials Science (1) Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1) Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1) Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1) Mathematical Physics (1) Mathematics - Combinatorics (1) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1) Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1) Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1) |

## Publications Authored By W. Tang

Data unfolding is a common analysis technique used in HEP data analysis. Inspired by the deconvolution technique in the digital signal processing, a new unfolding technique based on the SVD technique and the well-known Wiener filter is introduced. The Wiener-SVD unfolding approach achieves the unfolding by maximizing the signal to noise ratios in the effective frequency domain and is free from regularization parameter. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Y. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, Y. B. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, K. L. Jen, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, A. Khan, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, R. M. Qiu, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, Y. Z. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, C. C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, R. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, L. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment has observed correlations between reactor core fuel evolution and changes in the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum. Four antineutrino detectors in two experimental halls were used to identify 2.2 million inverse beta decays (IBDs) over 1230 days spanning multiple fuel cycles for each of six 2. Read More

Motivated by recent studies of large Mallows$(q)$ permutations, we propose a class of random permutations of $\mathbb{N}_{+}$ and of $\mathbb{Z}$, called regenerative permutations. Many previous results of the limiting Mallows$(q)$ permutations are recovered and extended. Three special examples: blocked permutations, p-shifted permutations and p-biased permutations are studied. Read More

**Authors:**Li Wang, Qian Yue, KeJun Kang, JianPing Cheng, YuanJing Li, TszKing Henry Wong, ShinTed Lin, JianPing Chang, JingHan Chen, QingHao Chen, YunHua Chen, Zhi Deng, Qiang Du, Hui Gong, Li He, QingJu He, JinWei Hu, HanXiong Huang, TengRui Huang, LiPing Jia, Hao Jiang, HauBin Li, Hong Li, JianMin Li, Jin Li, Jun Li, Xia Li, XinYing Li, XueQian Li, YuLan Li, FongKay Lin, ShuKui Liu, Hao Ma, JingLu Ma, XingYu Pan, Jie Ren, XiChao Ruan, ManBin Shen, Vivek Sharma, Lakhwinder Singh, Manoj Kumar Singh, Manoj Kumar Singh, Arun Kumar Soma, Jian Su, ChangJian Tang, WeiYou Tang, ChaoHsiung Tseng, JiMin Wang, Qing Wang, ShiYong Wu, Wei Wu, YuCheng Wu, HaoYang Xing, Yin Xu, Tao Xue, LiTao Yang, SongWei Yang, Nan Yi, ChunXu Yu, HaiJun Yu, WeiHe Zeng, XiongHui Zeng, Zhi Zeng, Lan Zhang, YunHua Zhang, MingGang Zhao, Wei Zhao, SuNing Zhong, JiFang Zhou, ZuYing Zhou, JingJun Zhu, WeiBin Zhu, ZhongHua Zhu

We report the first result on Ge-76 neutrinoless double beta decay from CDEX-1 experiment at China Jinping Underground Laboratory. A mass of 994 g p-type point-contact high purity germanium detector has been installed to search the neutrinoless double beta decay events, as well as to directly detect dark matter particles. An exposure of 304 kg*day has been analyzed. Read More

One of the major challenges in Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) such as laparoscopy is the lack of depth perception. In recent years, laparoscopic scene tracking and surface reconstruction has been a focus of investigation to provide rich additional information to aid the surgical process and compensate for the depth perception issue. However, robust 3D surface reconstruction and augmented reality with depth perception on the reconstructed scene are yet to be reported. Read More

The influence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction on the spin-wave dispersion in an Fe double layer grown on W(110) is measured for the first time. It is demonstrated that the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction breaks the degeneracy of spin waves and leads to an asymmetric spin-wave dispersion relation. An extended Heisenberg spin Hamiltonian is employed to obtain the longitudinal component of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya vectors from the experimentally measured energy asymmetry. Read More

The theory of ordinal ranks on Baire class 1 functions developed by Kechris and Loveau was recently extended by Elekes, Kiss and Vidny\'{a}nszky to Baire class $\xi$ functions for any countable ordinal $\xi\geq1$. In this paper, we answer two of the questions raised by them in their paper (Ranks on the Baire class $\xi$ functions, Trans. Amer. Read More

Today's WiFi networks deliver a large fraction of traffic. However, the performance and quality of WiFi networks are still far from satisfactory. Among many popular quality metrics (throughput, latency), the probability of successfully connecting to WiFi APs and the time cost of the WiFi connection set-up process are the two of the most critical metrics that affect WiFi users' experience. Read More

Bell's theorem shows a profound contradiction between local realism and quantum mechanics on the level of statistical predictions. It does not involve directly Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) correlations. The paradox of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) disproves directly the concept of EPR elements of reality, based on the EPR correlations, in an all-versus-nothing way. Read More

**Authors:**Xuehai Wu, Jiaying Zhang, Zaixu Cui, Weijun Tang, Chunhong Shao, Jin Hu, Jianhong Zhu, Liangfu Zhou, Yao Zhao, Lu Lu, Gang Chen, Georg Northoff, Gaolang Gong, Ying Mao, Yong He

This study aimed to identify white matter (WM) deficits underlying the loss of consciousness in disorder of consciousness (DOC) patients using Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) and to demonstrate the potential value of DTI parameters in predicting recovery outcomes of DOC patients. With 30 DOC patients (8 comatose, 8 unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/vegetative state, and 14 minimal conscious state) and 25 patient controls, we performed group comparison of DTI parameters across 48 core WM regions of interest (ROIs) using Analysis of Covariance. Compared with controls, DOC patients had decreased Fractional anisotropy (FA) and increased diffusivities in widespread WM area. Read More

In this paper we consider the argmin process of random walks and L\'evy processes. We prove that they enjoy the Markov property, and provide their transition kernels in some special cases. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A measurement of electron antineutrino oscillation by the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment is described in detail. Six 2.9-GW$_{\rm th}$ nuclear power reactors of the Daya Bay and Ling Ao nuclear power facilities served as intense sources of $\overline{\nu}_{e}$'s. Read More

In this paper we investigate the argmin process of Brownian motion $B$ defined by $\alpha_t:=\sup\left\{s \in [0,1]: B_{t+s}=\min_{u \in [0,1]}B_{t+u} \right\}$ for $t \geq 0$. The argmin process $\alpha$ is stationary,with invariant measure which is arcsine distributed. We prove that $(\alpha_t; t \geq 0)$ is a Markov process with the Feller property, and provide its transition kernel $Q_t(x,\cdot)$ for $t>0$ and $x \in [0,1]$. Read More

The Schmidt number is a fundamental parameter characterizing the properties of quantum states, and the local projections are a fundamental operation in quantum physics. We investigate the relation between the Schmidt numbers of bipartite states and their projected states. We show that there exist bipartite positive-partial-transpose (PPT) entangled states of any given Schmidt number. Read More

In underlay heterogeneous networks (HetNets), the distance between a macro base station (MBS) and a macro user (MU) is crucial for a small-cell based station (SBS) to control the interference to the MU and achieve the coexistence. To obtain the distance between the MBS and the MU, the SBS needs a backhaul link from the macro system, such that the macro system is able to transmit the information of the distance to the SBS through the backhaul link. However, there may not exist any backhaul link from the macro system to the SBS in practical situations. Read More

Two-party or multi-party quantum communication at a high qubit rate faces several shortcomings such as the indistinguishability of some partly overlapping signals from one sender or different senders, the channel noises, and so on. Based on the encoded quantum communication protocol, an unconventional scheme is presented to overcome the indistinguishability problem of the encoded qubits effectively, leading to a higher qubit-rate compared with the un-encoded cases. It can be regarded as a combination of an entanglement swapping technique and a quantum error-correcting scheme, which also provides us a new way of thinking for improving other technologies related to the temporal resolution issue. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Angela,

^{2}Angela,

^{3}Angela

**Category:**Computer Science - Other

As an environment-friendly substitute for conventional fuel-powered vehicles, electric vehicles (EVs) and their components have been widely developed and deployed worldwide. The large-scale integration of EVs into power grid brings both challenges and opportunities to the system performance. On one hand, the load demand from EV charging imposes large impact on the stability and efficiency of power grid. Read More

In this paper, a novel hybrid-duplex scheme based on received power is proposed for heterogeneous networks (HetNets). In the proposed scheme, the duplex mode (half- or full-duplex) of each user is switchable according to the received power from its serving base station (BS). The signal-to-interference-plus-noise-ratio (SINR) and spectral efficiency are analyzed for both downlink and uplink channels by using the tools of \emph{inhomogeneous} Poisson point process. Read More

We consider two jointly stationary and ergodic random measures $\xi$ and $\eta$ on the real line $\mathbb{R}$ with equal intensities. An allocation is an equivariant random mapping from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{R}$. We give sufficient and partially necessary conditions for the existence of allocations transporting $\xi$ to $\eta$. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

The disappearance of reactor $\bar{\nu}_e$ observed by the Daya Bay experiment is examined in the framework of a model in which the neutrino is described by a wave packet with a relative intrinsic momentum dispersion $\sigma_\text{rel}$. Three pairs of nuclear reactors and eight antineutrino detectors, each with good energy resolution, distributed among three experimental halls, supply a high-statistics sample of $\bar{\nu}_e$ acquired at nine different baselines. This provides a unique platform to test the effects which arise from the wave packet treatment of neutrino oscillation. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, D. Jones, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

A new measurement of the reactor antineutrino flux and energy spectrum by the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment is reported. The antineutrinos were generated by six 2.9~GW$_{\mathrm{th}}$ nuclear reactors and detected by eight antineutrino detectors deployed in two near (560~m and 600~m flux-weighted baselines) and one far (1640~m flux-weighted baseline) underground experimental halls. Read More

**Authors:**The Daya Bay collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

This Letter reports an improved search for light sterile neutrino mixing in the electron antineutrino disappearance channel with the full configuration of the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. With an additional 404 days of data collected in eight antineutrino detectors, this search benefits from 3.6 times the statistics available to the previous publication, as well as from improvements in energy calibration and background reduction. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay, MINOS Collaborations, :, P. Adamson, F. P. An, I. Anghel, A. Aurisano, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, G. Barr, M. Bishai, A. Blake, S. Blyth G. J. Bock, D. Bogert, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, S. V. Cao, T. J. Carroll, C. M. Castromonte, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, R. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. Chen, Y. X. Chen, J. Cheng, J. -H. Cheng, Y. P. Chen, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Childress, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. A. B. Coelho, L. Corwin, D. Cronin-Hennessy, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, S. De Rijck, Z. Y. Deng, A. V. Devan, N. E. Devenish, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, C. O. Escobar, J. J. Evans, E. Falk, G. J. Feldman, W. Flanagan, M. V. Frohne, M. Gabrielyan, H. R. Gallagher, S. Germani, R. Gill, R. A. Gomes, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. C. Goodman, P. Gouffon, N. Graf, R. Gran, M. Grassi, K. Grzelak, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, A. Habig, R. W. Hackenburg, S. R. Hahn, R. Han, S. Hans, J. Hartnell, R. Hatcher, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, A. Holin, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, J. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, J. Hylen, G. M. Irwin, Z. Isvan, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, C. James, K. L. Jen, D. Jensen, S. Jetter, X. L. Ji, X. P. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. K. de Jong, J. Joshi, T. Kafka, L. Kang, S. M. S. Kasahara, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, G. Koizumi, M. Kordosky, M. Kramer, A. Kreymer, 1 K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, K. Lang, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling J. M. Link, P. J. Litchfield, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. C. Liu, J. L. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, P. Lucas, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. B. Ma, X. Y. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, W. A. Mann, M. L. Marshak, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, N. Mayer, K. T. McDonald, C. McGivern, R. D. McKeown, M. M. Medeiros, R. Mehdiyev, J. R. Meier, M. D. Messier, W. H. Miller, S. R. Mishra, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, L. Mualem, J. Musser, Y. Nakajima, D. Naples, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, J. K. Nelson, H. B. Newman, H. Y. Ngai, R. J. Nichol, Z. Ning, A. Nowak, J. O'Connor, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, M. Orchanian, R., R. B. Pahlka, J. Paley, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, R. B. Patterson, S. Patton, G. Pawloski, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, A. Perch, M. M. Pfutzner, D. D. Phan, S. Phan-Budd, L. Pinsky, R. K. Plunkett, N. Poonthottathil, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, X. Qiu, A. Radovic, N. Raper, B. Rebel, J. Ren, C. Rosenfeld, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. A. Rubin, P. Sail, M. C. Sanchez, J. Schneps, A. Schreckenberger, P. Schreiner, R. Sharma, S. Moed Sher, A. Sousa, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, N. Tagg, R. L. Talaga, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, J. Thomas, M. A. Thomson, X. Tian A. Timmons, J. Todd, S. C. Tognini, R. Toner, D. Torretta, K. Treskov, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, G. Tzanakos, J. Urheim, P. Vahle, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, R. C. Webb, A. Weber, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. White, L. Whitehead L. H. Whitehead, T. Wise, S. G. Wojcicki, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, W. J. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. L. Xu, J. Y. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye., Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. ZhanC. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Experiment

Searches for a light sterile neutrino have been performed independently by the MINOS and the Daya Bay experiments using the muon (anti)neutrino and electron antineutrino disappearance channels, respectively. In this Letter, results from both experiments are combined with those from the Bugey-3 reactor neutrino experiment to constrain oscillations into light sterile neutrinos. The three experiments are sensitive to complementary regions of parameter space, enabling the combined analysis to probe regions allowed by the LSND and MiniBooNE experiments in a minimally extended four-neutrino flavor framework. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Angela

**Category:**

We consider a two-level profit-maximizing strategy, including planning and control, for battery energy storage system (BESS) owners that participate in the primary frequency control (PFC) market. Specifically, the optimal BESS control minimizes the operating cost by keeping the state of charge (SoC) in an optimal range. Through rigorous analysis, we prove that the optimal BESS control is a "state-invariant" strategy in the sense that the optimal SoC range does not vary with the state of the system. Read More

In this paper, we aim to provide probabilistic and combinatorial insights into tree formulas for the Green function and hitting probabilities of Markov chains on a finite state space. These tree formulas are closely related to loop-erased random walks by Wilson's algorithm for random spanning trees, and to mixing times by the Markov chain tree theorem. Let $m_{ij}$ be the mean first passage time from $i$ to $j$ for an irreducible chain with finite state space $S$ and transition matrix $(p_{ij}; i, j \in S)$. Read More

Following an idea of Choi, we obtain a decomposition theorem for k-positive
linear maps from Mm to Mn, where 2<=k

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. -H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, Z. K. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, A. Chukanov, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, M. Dolgareva, J. Dove, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, Z. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, W. Huo, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, J. H. C. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, S. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. -C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, J. J. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, C. W. Loh, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Z. Lv, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, Y. Malyshkin, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, I. Mitchell, M. Mooney, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, T. Konstantin, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, C. -H. Wu, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, H. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, Z. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

This article reports an improved independent measurement of neutrino mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ at the Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. Electron antineutrinos were identified by inverse $\beta$-decays with the emitted neutron captured by hydrogen, yielding a data-set with principally distinct uncertainties from that with neutrons captured by gadolinium. With the final two of eight antineutrino detectors installed, this study used 621 days of data including the previously reported 217-day data set with six detectors. Read More

**Authors:**David Blair, Li Ju, Chunnong Zhao, Linqing Wen, Qi Chu, Qi Fang, RongGen Cai, JiangRui Gao, XueChun Lin, Dong Liu, Ling-An Wu, ZongHong Zhu, David H. Reitze, Koji Arai, Fan Zhang, Raffaele Flaminio, Xingjiang Zhu, George Hobbs, Richard N. Manchester, Ryan M. Shannon, Carlo Baccigalupi, Peng Xu, Xing Bian, Zhoujian Cao, ZiJing Chang, Peng Dong, XueFei Gong, ShuangLin Huang, Peng Ju, ZiRen Luo, Li'E Qiang, WenLin Tang, XiaoYun Wan, Yue Wang, ShengNian Xu, YunLong Zhang, HaiPeng Zhang, Yun-Kau Lau, Wei-Tou Ni

In the centenary year of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, this paper reviews the current status of gravitational wave astronomy across a spectrum which stretches from attohertz to kilohertz frequencies. Sect. 1 of this paper reviews the historical development of gravitational wave astronomy from Einstein's first prediction to our current understanding the spectrum. Read More

We develop continuous-stage Runge-Kutta-Nystr\"{o}m (csRKN) methods for solving second order ordinary differential equations (ODEs) in this paper. The second order ODEs are commonly encountered in various fields and some of them can be reduced to the first order ODEs with the form of separable Hamiltonian systems. The symplecticity-preserving numerical algorithm is of interest for solving such special systems. Read More

We describe the design of a 20-liter test stand constructed to study fundamental properties of liquid argon (LAr). This system utilizes a simple, cost-effective gas argon (GAr) purification to achieve high purity, which is necessary to study electron transport properties in LAr. An electron drift stack with up to 25 cm length is constructed to study electron drift, diffusion, and attachment at various electric fields. Read More

Part of a review paper entitled "Gravitational wave astronomy: the current status.", appeared in " Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy 58.12 (2015): 1-41. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}UC Berkeley,

^{2}Stanford University

**Category:**Mathematics - Probability

We study the 'Up the River' problem formulated by Aldous (2002), where a unit drift is distributed among a finite collection of Brownian particles on $ \mathbb{R}_+ $, which are annihilated once they reach the origin. Starting $ K $ particles at $ x=1 $, we prove a conjecture of Aldous (2002) that the 'push-the-laggard' strategy of distributing the drift asymptotically (as $ K\to\infty $) maximizes the total number of surviving particles, with approximately $ \frac{4}{\sqrt{\pi}} K^{1/2} $ surviving particles. We further establish the hydrodynamic limit of the particle density, in terms of a two-phase PDE with a moving boundary, by utilizing certain integral identities and coupling techniques. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}On behalf of the Daya Bay Collaboration

The Daya Bay neutrino experiment has recently updated the oscillation analysis results with 621 days of data in 2015, which has 3.6 times more statistics than the previous publication in 2014. The relative $\bar{\nu}_{e}$ rate and spectrum measurement between the near and far detectors yielded the best fit values of $\sin^{2}2\theta_{13}$ = 0. Read More

The Gyrokinetic Toroidal Code at Princeton (GTC-P) is a highly scalable and portable particle-in-cell (PIC) code. It solves the 5D Vlasov-Poisson equation featuring efficient utilization of modern parallel computer architectures at the petascale and beyond. Motivated by the goal of developing a modern code capable of dealing with the physics challenge of increasing problem size with sufficient resolution, new thread-level optimizations have been introduced as well as a key additional domain decomposition. Read More

In this article, we develop high order symplectic integrators based on the recently developed continuous-stage Runge-Kutta Nystr\"om (csRKN) methods for solving second order ordinary differential equations (ODEs) when written as separable Hamiltonian systems. The construction of such methods heavily relies on the Legendre polynomial expansion technique coupling with the simplifying assumptions and symplectic conditions. As the detail illustrations, we present three new one-parameter families of symplectic RKN methods of orders 4, 6 and 8 based on Gaussian type quadrature. Read More

**Authors:**Shuo Liu, Tie Jun Cui, Quan Xu, Di Bao, Liangliang Du, Xiang Wan, Wen Xuan Tang, Chunmei Ouyang, Xiao Yang Zhou, Hao Yuan, Hui Feng Ma, Wei Xiang Jiang, Jiaguang Han, Weili Zhang, Qiang Cheng

**Category:**Physics - Optics

Metamaterials based on effective media have achieved a lot of unusual physics (e.g. negative refraction and invisibility cloaking) owing to their abilities to tailor the effective medium parameters that do not exist in nature. Read More

We report the measurement of longitudinal electron diffusion coefficients in liquid argon for electric fields between 100 and 2000 V/cm with a gold photocathode as a bright electron source. The measurement principle, apparatus, and data analysis are described. Our results, which are consistent with previous measurements in the region between 100 to 350 V/cm [1] , are systematically higher than the prediction of Atrazhev-Timoshkin[2], and represent the world's best measurement in the region between 350 to 2000 V/cm. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, I. Butorov, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, J. Dove, E. Draeger, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, K. Y. Leung, J. K. C. Leung, C. A. Lewis, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. K. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. S. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, J. Monari Kebwaro, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevski, H. -R. Pan, J. Park, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, B. B. Shao, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, D. Taychenachev, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, X. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. L. Zang, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

This Letter reports a measurement of the flux and energy spectrum of electron antineutrinos from six 2.9~GW$_{th}$ nuclear reactors with six detectors deployed in two near (effective baselines 512~m and 561~m) and one far (1,579~m) underground experimental halls in the Daya Bay experiment. Using 217 days of data, 296,721 and 41,589 inverse beta decay (IBD) candidates were detected in the near and far halls, respectively. Read More

**Authors:**F. P. An, J. Z. Bai, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, D. Beavis, W. Beriguete, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, R. L. Brown, I. Butorov, D. Cao, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, R. Carr, W. R. Cen, W. T. Chan, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, C. Chasman, H. Y. Chen, H. S. Chen, M. J. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. J. Chen, S. M. Chen, X. C. Chen, X. H. Chen, X. S. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, S. Chidzik, K. Chow, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, L. Dong, J. Dove, E. Draeger, X. F. Du, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, S. D. Fang, J. Y. Fu, Z. W. Fu, L. Q. Ge, V. Ghazikhanian, R. Gill, J. Goett, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, Y. A. Gornushkin, M. Grassi, L. S. Greenler, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, R. P. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. L. Hahn, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, Q. He, W. S. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, A. Higuera, P. Hinrichs, T. H. Ho, M. Hoff, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. Z. Huang, H. X. Huang, P. W. Huang, X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, Z. Isvan, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, H. J. Jiang, W. Q. Jiang, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, J. Joseph, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, S. Kohn, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, C. Y. Lai, W. C. Lai, W. H. Lai, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, M. K. P. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, J. K. C. Leung, K. Y. Leung, C. A. Lewis, B. Li, C. Li, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, J. Li, N. Y. Li, Q. J. Li, S. F. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. B. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, J. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. X. Lin, S. K. Lin, Y. C. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, B. J. Liu, C. Liu, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. Liu, S. S. Liu, X. Liu, Y. B. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, A. Luk, K. B. Luk, T. Luo, X. L. Luo, L. H. Ma, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, B. Mayes, K. T. McDonald, M. C. McFarlane, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, D. Mohapatra, J. Monari Kebwaro, J. E. Morgan, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, C. Newsom, H. Y. Ngai, W. K. Ngai, Y. B. Nie, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevskiy, A. Pagac, H. -R. Pan, S. Patton, C. Pearson, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, W. R. Sands III, B. Seilhan, B. B. Shao, K. Shih, W. Y. Song, H. Steiner, P. Stoler, M. Stuart, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, N. Tagg, Y. H. Tam, H. K. Tanaka, W. Tang, X. Tang, D. Taychenachev, H. Themann, Y. Torun, S. Trentalange, O. Tsai, K. V. Tsang, R. H. M. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, S. Virostek, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, L. S. Wang, L. Y. Wang, L. Z. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, T. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, D. M. Webber, H. Y. Wei, Y. D. Wei, L. J. Wen, D. L. Wenman, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, C. A. Whitten Jr., J. Wilhelmi, T. Wise, H. C. Wong, H. L. H. Wong, J. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, F. F. Wu, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, S. T. Xiang, Q. Xiao, Z. Z. Xing, G. Xu, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, W. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, Y. S. Yeh, K. Yip, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. Zeng, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, F. H. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, K. Zhang, Q. X. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, S. H. Zhang, X. T. Zhang, Y. C. Zhang, Y. H. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, Z. Y. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, S. Zimmerman, J. H. Zou

The Daya Bay experiment was the first to report simultaneous measurements of reactor antineutrinos at multiple baselines leading to the discovery of $\bar{\nu}_e$ oscillations over km-baselines. Subsequent data has provided the world's most precise measurement of $\rm{sin}^22\theta_{13}$ and the effective mass splitting $\Delta m_{ee}^2$. The experiment is located in Daya Bay, China where the cluster of six nuclear reactors is among the world's most prolific sources of electron antineutrinos. Read More

Belief compression improves the tractability of large-scale partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) by finding projections from high-dimensional belief space onto low-dimensional approximations, where solving to obtain action selection policies requires fewer computations. This paper develops a unified theoretical framework to analyse three existing linear belief compression approaches, including value-directed compression and two non-negative matrix factorisation (NMF) based algorithms. The results indicate that all the three known belief compression methods have their own critical deficiencies. Read More

Ordered vector spaces E and F are said to be order isomorphic if there is a (not necessarily linear) bijection between them that preserves order. We investigate some situations under which an order isomorphism between two Banach lattices implies the persistence of some linear lattice structure. For instance, it is shown that if a Banach lattice E is order isomorphic to C(K) for some compact Hausdorff space K, then E is (linearly) isomorphic to C(K) as a Banach lattice. Read More

In the first part of this paper, we consider nonlinear extension of frame theory by introducing bi-Lipschitz maps $F$ between Banach spaces. Our linear model of bi-Lipschitz maps is the analysis operator associated with Hilbert frames, $p$-frames, Banach frames, g-frames and fusion frames. In general Banach space setting, stable algorithm to reconstruct a signal $x$ from its noisy measurement $F(x)+\epsilon$ may not exist. Read More

**Category:**Mathematics - Probability

For $d \in \{1,2,3\}$, let $(B^d_t;~ t \geq 0)$ be a $d$-dimensional standard Brownian motion. We study the $d$-Brownian span set $Span(d):=\{t-s;~ B^d_s=B^d_t~\mbox{for some}~0 \leq s \leq t\}$. We prove that almost surely the random set $Span(d)$ is $\sigma$-compact and dense in $\mathbb{R}_{+}$. Read More

**Authors:**Daya Bay Collaboration, F. P. An, A. B. Balantekin, H. R. Band, M. Bishai, S. Blyth, I. Butorov, G. F. Cao, J. Cao, W. R. Cen, Y. L. Chan, J. F. Chang, L. C. Chang, Y. Chang, H. S. Chen, Q. Y. Chen, S. M. Chen, Y. X. Chen, Y. Chen, J. H. Cheng, J. Cheng, Y. P. Cheng, J. J. Cherwinka, M. C. Chu, J. P. Cummings, J. de Arcos, Z. Y. Deng, X. F. Ding, Y. Y. Ding, M. V. Diwan, E. Draeger, D. A. Dwyer, W. R. Edwards, S. R. Ely, R. Gill, M. Gonchar, G. H. Gong, H. Gong, M. Grassi, W. Q. Gu, M. Y. Guan, L. Guo, X. H. Guo, R. W. Hackenburg, R. Han, S. Hans, M. He, K. M. Heeger, Y. K. Heng, Y. K. Hor, Y. B. Hsiung, B. Z. Hu, L. M. Hu, L. J. Hu, T. Hu, W. Hu, E. C. Huang, H. X. Huang, X. T. Huang, P. Huber, G. Hussain, D. E. Jaffe, P. Jaffke, K. L. Jen, S. Jetter, X. P. Ji, X. L. Ji, J. B. Jiao, R. A. Johnson, L. Kang, S. H. Kettell, M. Kramer, K. K. Kwan, M. W. Kwok, T. Kwok, T. J. Langford, K. Lau, L. Lebanowski, J. Lee, R. T. Lei, R. Leitner, A. Leung, J. K. C. Leung, C. A. Lewis, D. J. Li, F. Li, G. S. Li, Q. J. Li, S. C. Li, W. D. Li, X. N. Li, X. Q. Li, Y. F. Li, Z. B. Li, H. Liang, C. J. Lin, G. L. Lin, P. Y. Lin, S. K. Lin, J. J. Ling, J. M. Link, L. Littenberg, B. R. Littlejohn, D. W. Liu, H. Liu, J. L. Liu, J. C. Liu, S. S. Liu, C. Lu, H. Q. Lu, J. S. Lu, K. B. Luk, Q. M. Ma, X. Y. Ma, X. B. Ma, Y. Q. Ma, K. T. McDonald, R. D. McKeown, Y. Meng, I. Mitchell, J. Monari Kebwaro, Y. Nakajima, J. Napolitano, D. Naumov, E. Naumova, H. Y. Ngai, Z. Ning, J. P. Ochoa-Ricoux, A. Olshevski, S. Patton, V. Pec, J. C. Peng, L. E. Piilonen, L. Pinsky, C. S. J. Pun, F. Z. Qi, M. Qi, X. Qian, N. Raper, B. Ren, J. Ren, R. Rosero, B. Roskovec, X. C. Ruan, B. B. Shao, H. Steiner, G. X. Sun, J. L. Sun, W. Tang, H. Themann, K. V. Tsang, C. E. Tull, Y. C. Tung, N. Viaux, B. Viren, V. Vorobel, C. H. Wang, M. Wang, N. Y. Wang, R. G. Wang, W. Wang, W. W. Wang, X. Wang, Y. F. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. Wang, Z. M. Wang, H. Y. Wei, L. J. Wen, K. Whisnant, C. G. White, L. Whitehead, T. Wise, H. L. H. Wong, S. C. F. Wong, E. Worcester, Q. Wu, D. M. Xia, J. K. Xia, X. Xia, Z. Z. Xing, J. Y. Xu, J. L. Xu, J. Xu, Y. Xu, T. Xue, J. Yan, C. G. Yang, L. Yang, M. S. Yang, M. T. Yang, M. Ye, M. Yeh, Y. S. Yeh, B. L. Young, G. Y. Yu, Z. Y. Yu, S. L. Zang, L. Zhan, C. Zhang, H. H. Zhang, J. W. Zhang, Q. M. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Y. X. Zhang, Y. M. Zhang, Z. J. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. W. Zhao, Y. F. Zhao, Y. B. Zhao, L. Zheng, W. L. Zhong, L. Zhou, N. Zhou, H. L. Zhuang, J. H. Zou

We report a new measurement of electron antineutrino disappearance using the fully-constructed Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment. The final two of eight antineutrino detectors were installed in the summer of 2012. Including the 404 days of data collected from October 2012 to November 2013 resulted in a total exposure of 6. Read More

**Category:**

In this paper, we consider the state controllability of networked systems, where the network topology is directed and weighted and the nodes are higher-dimensional linear time-invariant (LTI) dynamical systems. We investigate how the network topology, the node-system dynamics, the external control inputs, and the inner interactions affect the controllability of a networked system, and show that for a general networked multi-input/multi-output (MIMO) system: 1) the controllability of the overall network is an integrated result of the aforementioned relevant factors, which cannot be decoupled into the controllability of individual node-systems and the properties solely determined by the network topology, quite different from the familiar notion of consensus or formation controllability; 2) if the network topology is uncontrollable by external inputs, then the networked system with identical nodes will be uncontrollable, even if it is structurally controllable; 3) with a controllable network topology, controllability and observability of the nodes together are necessary for the controllability of the networked systems under some mild conditions, but nevertheless they are not sufficient. For a networked system with single-input/single-output (SISO) LTI nodes, we present precise necessary and sufficient conditions for the controllability of a general network topology. Read More

Hamiltonian systems are one of the most important class of dynamical systems with a geometric structure called symplecticity and the numerical algorithms which can preserve such geometric structure are of interest. In this article we study the construction of symplectic (partitioned) Runge-Kutta methods with continuous stage, which provides a new and simple way to construct symplectic (partitioned) Runge-Kutta methods in classical sense. This line of construction of symplectic methods relies heavily on the expansion of orthogonal polynomials and the simplifying assumptions for (partitioned) Runge-Kutta type methods. Read More

With the increasing adoption of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), it is critical to develop efficient charging coordination mechanisms that minimize the cost and impact of PEV integration to the power grid. In this paper, we consider the optimal PEV charging scheduling, where the non-causal information about future PEV arrivals is not known in advance, but its statistical information can be estimated. This leads to an "online" charging scheduling problem that is naturally formulated as a finite-horizon dynamic programming with continuous state space and action space. Read More

This paper is concerned with various aspects of the Slepian process $(B_{t+1} - B_t, t \ge 0)$ derived from a one-dimensional Brownian motion $(B_t, t \ge 0 )$. In particular, we offer an analysis of the local structure of the Slepian zero set $\{t : B_{t+1} = B_t \}$, including a path decomposition of the Slepian process for $0 \le t \le 1$. We also establish the existence of a random time $T$ such that $T$ falls in the the Slepian zero set almost surely and the process $(B_{T+u} - B_T, 0 \le u \le 1)$ is standard Brownian bridge. Read More

We ask if it is possible to find some particular continuous paths of unit length in linear Brownian motion. Beginning with a discrete version of the problem, we derive the asymptotics of the expected waiting time for several interesting patterns. These suggest corresponding results on the existence/non-existence of continuous paths embedded in Brownian motion. Read More

**Authors:**Xuefei Gong, Yun-Kau Lau, Shengnian Xu, Pau Amaro-Seoane, Shan Bai, Xing Bian, Zhoujian Cao, Gerui Chen, Xian Chen, Yanwei Ding, Peng Dong, Wei Gao, Gerhard Heinzel, Ming Li, Shuo Li, Fukun Liu, Ziren Luo, Mingxue Shao, Rainer Spurzem, Baosan Sun, Wenlin Tang, Yan Wang, Peng Xu, Pin Yu, Yefei Yuan, Xiaomin Zhang, Zebing Zhou

The present work reports on a feasibility study commissioned by the Chinese Academy of Sciences of China to explore various possible mission options to detect gravitational waves in space alternative to that of the eLISA/LISA mission concept. Based on the relative merits assigned to science and technological viability, a few representative mission options descoped from the ALIA mission are considered. A semi-analytic Monte Carlo simulation is carried out to understand the cosmic black hole merger histories starting from intermediate mass black holes at high redshift as well as the possible scientific merits of the mission options considered in probing the light seed black holes and their coevolution with galaxies in early Universe. Read More