W. H. Lee - SWME Collaboration

W. H. Lee
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W. H. Lee
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SWME Collaboration
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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (10)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (6)
 
Physics - Materials Science (5)
 
High Energy Physics - Lattice (5)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (3)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (3)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
 
Computer Science - Robotics (3)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
Physics - Optics (2)
 
Computer Science - Learning (2)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (2)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
 
Computer Science - Graphics (1)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
 
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
 
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
 
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
 
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Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Logic (1)
 
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Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1)

Publications Authored By W. H. Lee

With the advent of new wide-field, high-cadence optical transient surveys, our understanding of the diversity of core-collapse supernovae has grown tremendously in the last decade. However, the pre-supernova evolution of massive stars, that sets the physical backdrop to these violent events, is theoretically not well understood and difficult to probe observationally. Here we report the discovery of the supernova iPTF13dqy = SN 2013fs, a mere ~3 hr after explosion. Read More

Chip-scale integrated light sources are a crucial component in a broad range of photonics applications. III-V semiconductor nanowire emitters have gained attention as a fascinating approach due to their superior material properties, extremely compact size, and the capability to grow directly on lattice-mismatched silicon substrates. Although there have been remarkable advances in nanowire-based emitters, their practical applications are still in the early stages due to the difficulties in integrating nanowire emitters with photonic integrated circuits (PICs). Read More

2017Jan
Authors: A. U. Abeysekara, A. Albert, R. Alfaro, C. Alvarez, J. D. Álvarez, R. Arceo, J. C. Arteaga-Velázquez, H. A. Ayala Solares, A. S. Barber, N. Bautista-Elivar, A. Becerril, E. Belmont-Moreno, S. Y. BenZvi, D. Berley, J. Braun, C. Brisbois, K. S. Caballero-Mora, T. Capistrán, A. Carramiñana, S. Casanova, M. Castillo, U. Cotti, J. Cotzomi, S. Coutiño de León, E. de la Fuente, C. De León, T. DeYoung, B. L. Dingus, M. A. DuVernois, J. C. Díaz-Vélez, R. W. Ellsworth, D. W. Fiorino, N. Fraija, J. A. García-González, M. Gerhardt, A. González Munoz, M. M. González, J. A. Goodman, Z. Hampel-Arias, J. P. Harding, S. Hernandez, A. Hernandez-Almada, J. Hinton, C. M. Hui, P. Hüntemeyer, A. Iriarte, A. Jardin-Blicq, V. Joshi, S. Kaufmann, D. Kieda, A. Lara, R. J. Lauer, W. H. Lee, D. Lennarz, H. León Vargas, J. T. Linnemann, A. L. Longinotti, G. Luis Raya, R. Luna-García, R. López-Coto, K. Malone, S. S. Marinelli, O. Martinez, I. Martinez-Castellanos, J. Martínez-Castro, H. Martínez-Huerta, J. A. Matthews, P. Miranda-Romagnoli, E. Moreno, M. Mostafá, L. Nellen, M. Newbold, M. U. Nisa, R. Noriega-Papaqui, R. Pelayo, J. Pretz, E. G. Pérez-Pérez, Z. Ren, C. D. Rho, C. Rivière, D. Rosa-González, M. Rosenberg, E. Ruiz-Velasco, H. Salazar, F. Salesa Greus, A. Sandoval, M. Schneider, H. Schoorlemmer, G. Sinnis, A. J. Smith, R. W. Springer, P. Surajbali, I. Taboada, O. Tibolla, K. Tollefson, I. Torres, T. N. Ukwatta, L. Villaseñor, T. Weisgarber, S. Westerhoff, I. G. Wisher, J. Wood, T. Yapici, G. B. Yodh, P. W. Younk, A. Zepeda, H. Zhou

The Crab Nebula is the brightest TeV gamma-ray source in the sky and has been used for the past 25 years as a reference source in TeV astronomy, for calibration and verification of new TeV instruments. The High Altitude Water Cherenkov Observatory (HAWC), completed in early 2015, has been used to observe the Crab Nebula at high significance across nearly the full spectrum of energies to which HAWC is sensitive. HAWC is unique for its wide field-of-view, nearly 2 sr at any instant, and its high-energy reach, up to 100 TeV. Read More

The merger of a binary neutron star system is suggested as the central engine of short gamma-ray bursts (sGRBs). For the merger process, simulations predict that magnetic field is amplified beyond magnetar field strength by Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities. With the Large Area Telescope (LAT), bursts have been detected that show a temporally extended component in coincidence with a short-lasting peak at the end of the prompt phase. Read More

The Oktay-Kronfeld (OK) action extends the Fermilab improvement program for massive Wilson fermions to higher order in suitable power-counting schemes. It includes dimension-six and -seven operators necessary for matching to QCD through order ${\mathrm{O}}(\Lambda^3/m_Q^3)$ in HQET power counting, for applications to heavy-light systems, and ${\mathrm{O}}(v^6)$ in NRQCD power counting, for applications to quarkonia. In the Symanzik power counting of lattice gauge theory near the continuum limit, the OK action includes all ${\mathrm{O}}(a^2)$ and some ${\mathrm{O}}(a^3)$ terms. Read More

Lattice calculations of the form factors for $\bar{B}\to D^{(*)}\ell\bar{\nu}$ decays can be used to extract the CKM matrix element $|V_{cb}|$. The Oktay-Kronfeld action is a highly improved version of the Fermilab action, which systematically reduces heavy quark discretization effects through $\mathcal{O}(\lambda^3)$ in HQET power counting, for heavy-light meson quantities. To calculate $\bar{B}\rightarrow D^{(*)}\ell \bar{\nu}$ semi-leptonic form factors using Oktay-Kronfeld heavy quarks, we need to improve the heavy quark currents to the same level. Read More

2016Dec
Affiliations: 1LANL-SWME Collaboration, 2LANL-SWME Collaboration, 3LANL-SWME Collaboration, 4LANL-SWME Collaboration, 5LANL-SWME Collaboration, 6LANL-SWME Collaboration, 7LANL-SWME Collaboration

The first step in the calculation of semi-leptonic form factors in the decay of heavy mesons is the tuning of the hopping parameter $\kappa$ for the charm and bottom quark masses. Results for the Oktay-Kronfeld (OK) action are presented for one $N_f=2+1+1$ HISQ ensemble generated by the MILC collaboration at $a\approx 0.12\,\mathrm{fm}$ and $M_\pi\approx 310$ MeV. Read More

2016Dec
Authors: MicroBooNE Collaboration, R. Acciarri, C. Adams, R. An, A. Aparicio, S. Aponte, J. Asaadi, M. Auger, N. Ayoub, L. Bagby, B. Baller, R. Barger, G. Barr, M. Bass, F. Bay, K. Biery, M. Bishai, A. Blake, V. Bocean, D. Boehnlein, V. D. Bogert, T. Bolton, L. Bugel, C. Callahan, L. Camilleri, D. Caratelli, B. Carls, R. Castillo Fernandez, F. Cavanna, S. Chappa, H. Chen, K. Chen, C. Y. Chi, C. S. Chiu, E. Church, D. Cianci, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, J. Cornele, P. Cowan, J. I. Crespo-Anadon, G. Crutcher, C. Darve, R. Davis, M. Del Tutto, D. Devitt, S. Duffin, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, A. Ereditato, D. Erickson, L. Escudero Sanchez, J. Esquivel, S. Farooq, J. Farrell, D. Featherston, B. T. Fleming, W. Foreman, A. P. Furmanski, V. Genty, M. Geynisman, D. Goeldi, B. Goff, S. Gollapinni, N. Graf, E. Gramellini, J. Green, A. Greene, H. Greenlee, T. Griffin, R. Grosso, R. Guenette, A. Hackenburg, R. Haenni, P. Hamilton, P. Healey, O. Hen, E. Henderson, J. Hewes, C. Hill, K. Hill, L. Himes, J. Ho, G. Horton-Smith, D. Huffman, C. M. Ignarra, C. James, E. James, J. Jan de Vries, W. Jaskierny, C. M. Jen, L. Jiang, B. Johnson, M. Johnson, R. A. Johnson, B. J. P. Jones, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, D. Kaleko, L. N. Kalousis, G. Karagiorgi, T. Katori, P. Kellogg, W. Ketchum, J. Kilmer, B. King, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, E. Klein, T. Kobilarcik, I. Kreslo, R. Krull, R. Kubinski, G. Lange, F. Lanni, A. Lathrop, A. Laube, W. M. Lee, Y. Li, D. Lissauer, A. Lister, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, D. Lorca, W. C. Louis, G. Lukhanin, M. Luethi, B. Lundberg, X. Luo, G. Mahler, I. Majoros, D. Makowiecki, A. Marchionni, C. Mariani, D. Markley, J. Marshall, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, K. T. McDonald, D. McKee, A. McLean, J. Mead, V. Meddage, T. Miceli, G. B. Mills, W. Miner, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, Z. Moss, J. Mousseau, R. Murrells, D. Naples, P. Nienaber, B. Norris, N. Norton, J. Nowak, M. OBoyle, T. Olszanowski, O. Palamara, V. Paolone, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, Z. Pavlovic, R. Pelkey, M. Phipps, S. Pordes, D. Porzio, G. Pulliam, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, V. Radeka, A. Rafique, R. A Rameika, B. Rebel, R. Rechenmacher, S. Rescia, L. Rochester, C. Rudolf von Rohr, A. Ruga, B. Russell, R. Sanders, W. R. Sands III, M. Sarychev, D. W. Schmitz, A. Schukraft, R. Scott, W. Seligman, M. H. Shaevitz, M. Shoun, J. Sinclair, W. Sippach, T. Smidt, A. Smith, E. L. Snider, M. Soderberg, M. Solano-Gonzalez, S. Soldner-Rembold, S. R. Soleti, J. Sondericker, P. Spentzouris, J. Spitz, J. St. John, T. Strauss, K. Sutton, A. M. Szelc, K. Taheri, N. Tagg, K. Tatum, J. Teng, K. Terao, M. Thomson, C. Thorn, J. Tillman, M. Toups, Y. T. Tsai, S. Tufanli, T. Usher, M. Utes, R. G. Van de Water, C. Vendetta, S. Vergani, E. Voirin, J. Voirin, B. Viren, P. Watkins, M. Weber, T. Wester, J. Weston, D. A. Wickremasinghe, S. Wolbers, T. Wongjirad, K. Woodruff, K. C. Wu, T. Yang, B. Yu, G. P. Zeller, J. Zennamo, C. Zhang, M. Zuckerbrot

This paper describes the design and construction of the MicroBooNE liquid argon time projection chamber and associated systems. MicroBooNE is the first phase of the Short Baseline Neutrino program, located at Fermilab, and will utilize the capabilities of liquid argon detectors to examine a rich assortment of physics topics. In this document details of design specifications, assembly procedures, and acceptance tests are reported. Read More

Scarce data is a major challenge to scaling robot learning to truly complex tasks, as we need to generalize locally learned policies over different "contexts". Bayesian optimization approaches to contextual policy search (CPS) offer data-efficient policy learning that generalize over a context space. We propose to improve data- efficiency by factoring typically considered contexts into two components: target- type contexts that correspond to a desired outcome of the learned behavior, e. Read More

Three-dimensional Ultrasound image segmentation methods are surveyed in this paper. The focus of this report is to investigate applications of these techniques and a review of the original ideas and concepts. Although many two-dimensional image segmentation in the literature have been considered as a three-dimensional approach by mistake but we review them as a three-dimensional technique. Read More

We experimentally observe the decay dynamics of deterministically created isolated monopoles in spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates. As the condensate undergoes a transition between magnetic phases, the isolated monopole gradually transforms into a spin configuration hosting a Dirac monopole in its synthetic magnetic field. We characterize in detail such a Dirac monopole by measuring the particle densities of the spin states projected along different quantization axes. Read More

In this paper, we study matrix functions of bounded type from the viewpoint of describing an interplay between function theory and operator theory. \ We first establish a criterion on the coprime-ness of two singular inner functions and obtain several properties of the Douglas-Shapiro-Shields factorizations of matrix functions of bounded type. \ We propose a new notion of tensored-scalar singularity, and then answer questions on Hankel operators with matrix-valued bounded type symbols. Read More

We present the current status of $\varepsilon_K$ evaluated directly from the standard model using lattice QCD inputs. The lattice QCD inputs include $\hat{B}_K$, $\xi_0$, $\xi_2$, $|V_{us}|$, $m_c(m_c)$, and $|V_{cb}|$. Recently, FLAG has updated $\hat{B}_K$, exclusive $|V_{cb}|$ has been updated with new lattice data in the $\bar{B}\to D\ell\bar{\nu}$ decay mode, and RBC-UKQCD has updated $\xi_0$ and $\xi_2$. Read More

We report the current status of $\varepsilon_K$, the indirect CP violation parameter in the neutral kaon system, evaluated using the lattice QCD inputs. We use lattice QCD to fix $\hat{B}_K$, $\xi_0$, $\xi_2$, $|V_{us}|$, $m_c(m_c)$, and $|V_{cb}|$. Since Lattice 2015, FLAG updated $\hat{B}_K$, exclusive $V_{cb}$ has been updated with new lattice data in the $\bar{B}\to D\ell\nu$ decay channel, and RBC-UKQCD has updated $\xi_0$ and $\xi_2$. Read More

We revisit the filamentary structures of galaxies around the Virgo cluster, exploiting a larger dataset based on the HyperLeda database than previous studies. In particular, this includes a large number of low-luminosity galaxies, resulting in better sampled individual structures. We confirm seven known structures in the distance range 4~$h^{-1}$~Mpc~$<$ SGY~$<$ 16~$h^{-1}$ Mpc, now identified as filaments, where SGY is the axis of the supergalactic coordinate system roughly along the line of sight. Read More

To take advantage of the astrophysical potential of Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs), Chinese and French astrophysicists have engaged the SVOM mission (Space-based multi-band astronomical Variable Objects Monitor). Major advances in GRB studies resulting from the synergy between space and ground observations, the SVOM mission implements space and ground instrumentation. The scientific objectives of the mission put a special emphasis on two categories of GRBs: very distant GRBs at z$>$5 which constitute exceptional cosmological probes, and faint/soft nearby GRBs which allow probing the nature of the progenitors and the physics at work in the explosion. Read More

The problem of multivariate exponential analysis or sparse interpolation has received a lot of attention, especially with respect to the number of samples required to solve it unambiguously. In this paper we bring the number of samples down to the absolute minimum of $(d+1)n$ where $d$ is the dimension of the problem and $n$ is the number of exponential terms. We present a fundamentally different approach for the multivariate problem statement. Read More

2016Oct
Authors: The CTA Consortium, :, A. Abchiche, U. Abeysekara, Ó. Abril, F. Acero, B. S. Acharya, C. Adams, G. Agnetta, F. Aharonian, A. Akhperjanian, A. Albert, M. Alcubierre, J. Alfaro, R. Alfaro, A. J. Allafort, R. Aloisio, J. -P. Amans, E. Amato, L. Ambrogi, G. Ambrosi, M. Ambrosio, J. Anderson, M. Anduze, E. O. Angüner, E. Antolini, L. A. Antonelli, M. Antonucci, V. Antonuccio, P. Antoranz, C. Aramo, A. Aravantinos, M. Araya, C. Arcaro, B. Arezki, A. Argan, T. Armstrong, F. Arqueros, L. Arrabito, M. Arrieta, K. Asano, M. Ashley, P. Aubert, C. B. Singh, A. Babic, M. Backes, A. Bais, S. Bajtlik, C. Balazs, M. Balbo, D. Balis, C. Balkowski, O. Ballester, J. Ballet, A. Balzer, A. Bamba, R. Bandiera, A. Barber, C. Barbier, M. Barcelo, M. Barkov, A. Barnacka, U. Barres de Almeida, J. A. Barrio, S. Basso, D. Bastieri, C. Bauer, U. Becciani, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, V. Beckmann, W. Bednarek, W. Benbow, D. Benedico Ventura, J. Berdugo, D. Berge, E. Bernardini, M. G. Bernardini, S. Bernhard, K. Bernlöhr, B. Bertucci, M. -A. Besel, V. Beshley, N. Bhatt, P. Bhattacharjee, W. Bhattacharyya, S. Bhattachryya, B. Biasuzzi, G. Bicknell, C. Bigongiari, A. Biland, A. Bilinsky, W. Bilnik, B. Biondo, R. Bird, T. Bird, E. Bissaldi, M. Bitossi, O. Blanch, P. Blasi, J. Blazek, C. Bockermann, C. Boehm, L. Bogacz, M. Bogdan, M. Bohacova, C. Boisson, J. Boix, J. Bolmont, G. Bonanno, A. Bonardi, C. Bonavolontà, P. Bonifacio, F. Bonnarel, G. Bonnoli, J. Borkowski, R. Bose, Z. Bosnjak, M. Böttcher, J. -J. Bousquet, C. Boutonnet, F. Bouyjou, L. Bowman, C. Braiding, T. Brantseg, S. Brau-Nogué, J. Bregeon, M. Briggs, M. Brigida, T. Bringmann, W. Brisken, D. Bristow, R. Britto, E. Brocato, S. Bron, P. Brook, W. Brooks, A. M. Brown, K. Brügge, F. Brun, P. Brun, P. Brun, G. Brunetti, L. Brunetti, P. Bruno, T. Buanes, N. Bucciantini, G. Buchholtz, J. Buckley, V. Bugaev, R. Bühler, A. Bulgarelli, T. Bulik, M. Burton, A. Burtovoi, G. Busetto, S. Buson, J. Buss, K. Byrum, F. Cadoux, J. Calvo Tovar, R. Cameron, F. Canelli, R. Canestrari, M. Capalbi, M. Capasso, G. Capobianco, A. Caproni, P. Caraveo, J. Cardenzana, M. Cardillo, S. Carius, C. Carlile, A. Carosi, R. Carosi, E. Carquín, J. Carr, M. Carroll, J. Carter, P. -H. Carton, J. -M. Casandjian, S. Casanova, S. Casanova, E. Cascone, M. Casiraghi, A. Castellina, J. Castroviejo Mora, F. Catalani, O. Catalano, S. Catalanotti, D. Cauz, S. Cavazzani, P. Cerchiara, E. Chabanne, P. Chadwick, T. Chaleil, C. Champion, A. Chatterjee, S. Chaty, R. Chaves, A. Chen, X. Chen, X. Chen, K. Cheng, M. Chernyakova, L. Chiappetti, M. Chikawa, D. Chinn, V. R. Chitnis, N. Cho, A. Christov, J. Chudoba, M. Cieślar, M. A. Ciocci, R. Clay, S. Colafrancesco, P. Colin, J. -M. Colley, E. Colombo, J. Colome, S. Colonges, V. Conforti, V. Connaughton, S. Connell, J. Conrad, J. L. Contreras, P. Coppi, S. Corbel, J. Coridian, R. Cornat, P. Corona, D. Corti, J. Cortina, L. Cossio, A. Costa, H. Costantini, G. Cotter, B. Courty, S. Covino, G. Covone, G. Crimi, S. J. Criswell, R. Crocker, J. Croston, J. Cuadra, P. Cumani, G. Cusumano, P. Da Vela, Ø. Dale, F. D'Ammando, D. Dang, V. T. Dang, L. Dangeon, M. Daniel, I. Davids, I. Davids, B. Dawson, F. Dazzi, B. de Aguiar Costa, A. De Angelis, R. F. de Araujo Cardoso, V. De Caprio, R. de Cássia dos Anjos, G. De Cesare, A. De Franco, F. De Frondat, E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino, I. de la Calle, C. De Lisio, R. de los Reyes Lopez, B. De Lotto, A. De Luca, J. R. T. de Mello Neto, M. de Naurois, E. de Oña Wilhelmi, F. De Palma, F. De Persio, V. de Souza, G. Decock, J. Decock, C. Deil, M. Del Santo, E. Delagnes, G. Deleglise, C. Delgado, J. Delgado, D. della Volpe, P. Deloye, M. Detournay, A. Dettlaff, J. Devin, T. Di Girolamo, C. Di Giulio, A. Di Paola, F. Di Pierro, M. A. Diaz, C. Díaz, C. Dib, J. Dick, H. Dickinson, S. Diebold, S. Digel, J. Dipold, G. Disset, A. Distefano, A. Djannati-Ataï, M. Doert, M. Dohmke, A. Domínguez, N. Dominik, J. -L. Dominique, D. Dominis Prester, A. Donat, I. Donnarumma, D. Dorner, M. Doro, J. -L. Dournaux, T. Downes, K. Doyle, G. Drake, S. Drappeau, H. Drass, D. Dravins, L. Drury, G. Dubus, L. Ducci, D. Dumas, K. Dundas Morå, D. Durand, D. D'Urso, V. Dwarkadas, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, J. Ebr, E. Edy, K. Egberts, P. Eger, A. Egorov, S. Einecke, J. Eisch, F. Eisenkolb, C. Eleftheriadis, D. Elsaesser, D. Elsässer, D. Emmanoulopoulos, C. Engelbrecht, D. Engelhaupt, J. -P. Ernenwein, P. Escarate, S. Eschbach, C. Espinoza, P. Evans, M. Fairbairn, D. Falceta-Goncalves, A. Falcone, V. Fallah Ramazani, D. Fantinel, K. Farakos, C. Farnier, E. Farrell, G. Fasola, Y. Favre, E. Fede, R. Fedora, E. Fedorova, S. Fegan, D. Ferenc, M. Fernandez-Alonso, A. Fernández-Barral, G. Ferrand, O. Ferreira, M. Fesquet, P. Fetfatzis, E. Fiandrini, A. Fiasson, A. Filipčič, M. Filipovic, D. Fink, C. Finley, J. P. Finley, A. Finoguenov, V. Fioretti, M. Fiorini, H. Fleischhack, H. Flores, D. Florin, C. Föhr, E. Fokitis, M. V. Fonseca, L. Font, G. Fontaine, B. Fontes, M. Fornasa, M. Fornasa, A. Förster, P. Fortin, L. Fortson, N. Fouque, A. Franckowiak, A. Franckowiak, F. J. Franco, I. Freire Mota Albuquerque, L. Freixas Coromina, L. Fresnillo, C. Fruck, M. Fuessling, D. Fugazza, Y. Fujita, S. Fukami, Y. Fukazawa, T. Fukuda, Y. Fukui, S. Funk, A. Furniss, W. Gäbele, S. Gabici, A. Gadola, D. Galindo, D. D. Gall, Y. Gallant, D. Galloway, S. Gallozzi, J. A. Galvez, S. Gao, A. Garcia, B. Garcia, R. García Gil, R. Garcia López, M. Garczarczyk, D. Gardiol, C. Gargano, F. Gargano, S. Garozzo, F. Garrecht, L. Garrido, M. Garrido-Ruiz, D. Gascon, J. Gaskins, J. Gaudemard, M. Gaug, J. Gaweda, B. Gebhardt, M. Gebyehu, N. Geffroy, B. Genolini, L. Gerard, A. Ghalumyan, A. Ghedina, P. Ghislain, P. Giammaria, E. Giannakaki, F. Gianotti, S. Giarrusso, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, T. Gieras, N. Giglietto, V. Gika, R. Gimenes, M. Giomi, P. Giommi, F. Giordano, G. Giovannini, P. Girardot, E. Giro, M. Giroletti, J. Gironnet, A. Giuliani, J. -F. Glicenstein, R. Gnatyk, N. Godinovic, P. Goldoni, G. Gomez, M. M. Gonzalez, A. González, D. Gora, K. S. Gothe, D. Gotz, J. Goullon, T. Grabarczyk, R. Graciani, J. Graham, P. Grandi, J. Granot, G. Grasseau, R. Gredig, A. J. Green, A. M. Green, T. Greenshaw, I. Grenier, S. Griffiths, A. Grillo, M. -H. Grondin, J. Grube, M. Grudzinska, J. Grygorczuk, V. Guarino, D. Guberman, S. Gunji, G. Gyuk, D. Hadasch, A. Hagedorn, L. Hagge, J. Hahn, H. Hakobyan, S. Hara, M. J. Hardcastle, T. Hassan, K. Hatanaka, T. Haubold, A. Haupt, T. Hayakawa, M. Hayashida, M. Heller, R. Heller, J. C. Helo, F. Henault, G. Henri, G. Hermann, R. Hermel, J. Herrera Llorente, J. Herrera Llorente, A. Herrero, O. Hervet, N. Hidaka, J. Hinton, W. Hirai, K. Hirotani, B. Hnatyk, J. Hoang, D. Hoffmann, W. Hofmann, T. Holch, J. Holder, S. Hooper, D. Horan, J. Hörandel, M. Hörbe, D. Horns, P. Horvath, J. Hose, J. Houles, T. Hovatta, M. Hrabovsky, D. Hrupec, J. -M. Huet, M. Huetten, G. Hughes, D. Hui, T. B. Humensky, M. Hussein, M. Iacovacci, A. Ibarra, Y. Ikeno, J. M. Illa, D. Impiombato, T. Inada, S. Incorvaia, L. Infante, Y. Inome, S. Inoue, T. Inoue, Y. Inoue, F. Iocco, K. Ioka, M. Iori, K. Ishio, K. Ishio, G. L. Israel, Y. Iwamura, C. Jablonski, A. Jacholkowska, J. Jacquemier, M. Jamrozy, P. Janecek, M. Janiak, D. Jankowsky, F. Jankowsky, P. Jean, I. Jegouzo, P. Jenke, J. J. Jimenez, M. Jingo, M. Jingo, L. Jocou, T. Jogler, C. A. Johnson, M. Jones, M. Josselin, L. Journet, I. Jung, P. Kaaret, M. Kagaya, J. Kakuwa, O. Kalekin, C. Kalkuhl, H. Kamon, R. Kankanyan, A. Karastergiou, K. Kärcher, M. Karczewski, S. Karkar, P. Karn, J. Kasperek, H. Katagiri, J. Kataoka, K. Katarzyński, S. Kato, U. Katz, N. Kawanaka, L. Kaye, D. Kazanas, N. Kelley-Hoskins, J. Kersten, B. Khélifi, D. B. Kieda, T. Kihm, S. Kimeswenger, S. Kisaka, S. Kishida, R. Kissmann, S. Klepser, W. Kluźniak, J. Knapen, J. Knapp, J. Knödlseder, B. Koch, F. Köck, J. Kocot, K. Kohri, K. Kokkotas, K. Kokkotas, D. Kolitzus, N. Komin, I. Kominis, A. Kong, Y. Konno, K. Kosack, G. Koss, M. Kossatz, G. Kowal, S. Koyama, J. Kozioł, M. Kraus, J. Krause, M. Krause, H. Krawzcynski, F. Krennrich, A. Kretzschmann, P. Kruger, H. Kubo, V. Kudryavtsev, G. Kukec Mezek, M. Kuklis, H. Kuroda, J. Kushida, A. La Barbera, N. La Palombara, V. La Parola, G. La Rosa, H. Laffon, R. Lahmann, M. Lakicevic, K. Lalik, G. Lamanna, D. Landriu, H. Landt, R. G. Lang, J. Lapington, P. Laporte, J. -P. Le Fèvre, T. Le Flour, P. Le Sidaner, S. -H. Lee, W. H. Lee, J. -P. Lees, J. Lefaucheur, K. Leffhalm, H. Leich, M. A. Leigui de Oliveira, D. Lelas, A. Lemière, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J. -P. Lenain, R. Leonard, R. Leoni, L. Lessio, G. Leto, A. Leveque, B. Lieunard, M. Limon, R. Lindemann, E. Lindfors, L. Linhoff, A. Liolios, A. Lipniacka, H. Lockart, T. Lohse, E. Łokas, S. Lombardi, F. Longo, A. Lopatin, M. Lopez, D. Loreggia, T. Louge, F. Louis, M. Louys, F. Lucarelli, D. Lucchesi, H. Lüdecke, T. Luigi, P. L. Luque-Escamilla, E. Lyard, M. C. Maccarone, T. Maccarone, T. J. Maccarone, E. Mach, G. M. Madejski, A. Madonna, F. Magniette, A. Magniez, M. Mahabir, G. Maier, P. Majumdar, P. Majumdar, M. Makariev, G. Malaguti, G. Malaspina, A. K. Mallot, A. Malouf, S. Maltezos, D. Malyshev, A. Mancilla, D. Mandat, G. Maneva, M. Manganaro, S. Mangano, P. Manigot, N. Mankushiyil, K. Mannheim, N. Maragos, D. Marano, P. Marchegiani, J. A. Marcomini, A. Marcowith, M. Mariotti, M. Marisaldi, S. Markoff, C. Martens, J. Martí, J. -M. Martin, L. Martin, P. Martin, G. Martínez, M. Martínez, O. Martínez, K. Martynyuk-Lototskyy, R. Marx, N. Masetti, P. Massimino, A. Mastichiadis, S. Mastroianni, M. Mastropietro, S. Masuda, H. Matsumoto, S. Matsuoka, N. Matthews, S. Mattiazzo, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, N. Maxted, J. Maya, M. Mayer, D. Mazin, M. N. Mazziotta, L. Mc Comb, N. McCubbin, I. McHardy, C. Medina, F. Mehrez, C. Melioli, D. Melkumyan, T. Melse, S. Mereghetti, M. Merk, P. Mertsch, J. -L. Meunier, T. Meures, M. Meyer, J. L. Meyrelles jr, A. Miccichè, T. Michael, J. Michałowski, P. Mientjes, I. Mievre, A. Mihailidis, J. Miller, T. Mineo, M. Minuti, N. Mirabal, F. Mirabel, J. M. Miranda, R. Mirzoyan, A. Mitchell, T. Mizuno, R. Moderski, I. Mognet, M. Mohammed, R. Moharana, L. Mohrmann, E. Molinari, P. Molyneux, E. Monmarthe, G. Monnier, T. Montaruli, C. Monte, I. Monteiro, D. Mooney, P. Moore, A. Moralejo, C. Morello, E. Moretti, K. Mori, P. Morris, A. Morselli, F. Moscato, D. Motohashi, F. Mottez, Y. Moudden, E. Moulin, S. Mueller, R. Mukherjee, P. Munar, M. Munari, C. Mundell, J. Mundet, H. Muraishi, K. Murase, A. Muronga, A. Murphy, N. Nagar, S. Nagataki, T. Nagayoshi, B. K. Nagesh, T. Naito, D. Nakajima, D. Nakajima, T. Nakamori, K. Nakayama, J. Nanni, D. Naumann, P. Nayman, L. Nellen, R. Nemmen, A. Neronov, N. Neyroud, T. Nguyen, T. T. Nguyen, T. Nguyen Trung, L. Nicastro, J. Nicolau-Kukliński, F. Niederwanger, A. Niedźwiecki, J. Niemiec, D. Nieto, M. Nievas-Rosillo, A. Nikolaidis, M. Nikołajuk, K. Nishijima, K. -I. Nishikawa, G. Nishiyama, K. Noda, K. Noda, L. Nogues, S. Nolan, R. Northrop, D. Nosek, M. Nöthe, B. Novosyadlyj, L. Nozka, F. Nunio, L. Oakes, P. O'Brien, C. Ocampo, G. Occhipinti, J. P. Ochoa, A. OFaolain de Bhroithe, R. Oger, Y. Ohira, M. Ohishi, S. Ohm, H. Ohoka, N. Okazaki, A. Okumura, J. -F. Olive, D. Olszowski, R. A. Ong, S. Ono, M. Orienti, R. Orito, A. Orlati, J. Osborne, M. Ostrowski, D. Ottaway, N. Otte, S. Öttl, E. Ovcharov, I. Oya, A. Ozieblo, M. Padovani, I. Pagano, S. Paiano, A. Paizis, J. Palacio, M. Palatka, J. Pallotta, K. Panagiotidis, J. -L. Panazol, D. Paneque, M. Panter, M. R. Panzera, R. Paoletti, M. Paolillo, A. Papayannis, G. Papyan, A. Paravac, J. M. Paredes, G. Pareschi, N. Park, D. Parsons, P. Paśko, S. Pavy, M. Pech, A. Peck, G. Pedaletti, A. Pe'er, S. Peet, D. Pelat, A. Pepato, M. d. C. Perez, L. Perri, M. Perri, M. Persic, M. Persic, A. Petrashyk, P. -O. Petrucci, O. Petruk, B. Peyaud, M. Pfeifer, G. Pfeiffer, G. Piano, D. Pieloth, E. Pierre, F. Pinto de Pinho, C. Pio García, Y. Piret, A. Pisarski, S. Pita, Ł. Platos, R. Platzer, S. Podkladkin, L. Pogosyan, M. Pohl, P. Poinsignon, A. Pollo, A. Porcelli, J. Porthault, W. Potter, S. Poulios, J. Poutanen, E. Prandini, E. Prandini, J. Prast, K. Pressard, G. Principe, F. Profeti, D. Prokhorov, H. Prokoph, M. Prouza, R. Pruchniewicz, G. Pruteanu, E. Pueschel, G. Pühlhofer, I. Puljak, M. Punch, S. Pürckhauer, R. Pyzioł, F. Queiroz, E. J. Quel, J. Quinn, A. Quirrenbach, I. Rafighi, S. Rainò, P. J. Rajda, M. Rameez, R. Rando, R. C. Rannot, M. Rataj, T. Ravel, S. Razzaque, P. Reardon, I. Reichardt, O. Reimann, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, A. Reisenegger, M. Renaud, S. Renner, T. Reposeur, B. Reville, A. Rezaeian, W. Rhode, D. Ribeiro, R. Ribeiro Prado, M. Ribó, G. Richards, M. G. Richer, T. Richtler, J. Rico, J. Ridky, F. Rieger, M. Riquelme, P. R. Ristori, S. Rivoire, V. Rizi, E. Roache, J. Rodriguez, G. Rodriguez Fernandez, J. J. Rodríguez Vázquez, G. Rojas, P. Romano, G. Romeo, M. Roncadelli, J. Rosado, J. Rose, S. Rosen, S. Rosier Lees, D. Ross, G. Rouaix, J. Rousselle, A. C. Rovero, G. Rowell, F. Roy, S. Royer, A. Rubini, B. Rudak, A. Rugliancich, W. Rujopakarn, C. Rulten, M. Rupiński, F. Russo, F. Russo, K. Rutkowski, O. Saavedra, S. Sabatini, B. Sacco, I. Sadeh, E. O. Saemann, S. Safi-Harb, A. Saggion, V. Sahakian, T. Saito, N. Sakaki, S. Sakurai, A. Salamon, M. Salega, D. Salek, F. Salesa Greus, J. Salgado, G. Salina, L. Salinas, A. Salini, D. Sanchez, M. Sanchez-Conde, H. Sandaker, A. Sandoval, P. Sangiorgi, M. Sanguillon, H. Sano, M. Santander, A. Santangelo, E. M. Santos, R. Santos-Lima, A. Sanuy, L. Sapozhnikov, S. Sarkar, K. Satalecka, K. Satalecka, Y. Sato, R. Savalle, M. Sawada, F. Sayède, S. Schanne, T. Schanz, E. J. Schioppa, S. Schlenstedt, J. Schmid, T. Schmidt, J. Schmoll, M. Schneider, H. Schoorlemmer, P. Schovanek, A. Schubert, E. -M. Schullian, J. Schultze, A. Schulz, S. Schulz, K. Schure, F. Schussler, T. Schwab, U. Schwanke, J. Schwarz, T. Schweizer, S. Schwemmer, U. Schwendicke, C. Schwerdt, E. Sciacca, S. Scuderi, A. Segreto, J. -H. Seiradakis, G. H. Sembroski, D. Semikoz, O. Sergijenko, N. Serre, M. Servillat, K. Seweryn, N. Shafi, A. Shalchi, M. Sharma, M. Shayduk, R. C. Shellard, T. Shibata, A. Shigenaka, I. Shilon, E. Shum, L. Sidoli, M. Sidz, J. Sieiro, H. Siejkowski, J. Silk, A. Sillanpää, D. Simone, H. Simpson, B. B. Singh, A. Sinha, G. Sironi, J. Sitarek, P. Sizun, V. Sliusar, V. Sliusar, A. Smith, D. Sobczyńska, H. Sol, G. Sottile, M. Sowiński, F. Spanier, G. Spengler, R. Spiga, R. Stadler, O. Stahl, A. Stamerra, S. Stanič, R. Starling, D. Staszak, Ł. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, S. Stefanik, C. Stegmann, S. Steiner, C. Stella, M. Stephan, N. Stergioulas, R. Sternberger, M. Sterzel, B. Stevenson, F. Stinzing, M. Stodulska, M. Stodulski, T. Stolarczyk, G. Stratta, U. Straumann, L. Stringhetti, M. Strzys, R. Stuik, K. -H. Sulanke, T. Suomijärvi, A. D. Supanitsky, T. Suric, I. Sushch, P. Sutcliffe, J. Sykes, M. Szanecki, T. Szepieniec, P. Szwarnog, A. Tacchini, K. Tachihara, G. Tagliaferri, H. Tajima, H. Takahashi, K. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, L. Takalo, S. Takami, J. Takata, J. Takeda, G. Talbot, T. Tam, M. Tanaka, S. Tanaka, T. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, C. Tanci, S. Tanigawa, M. Tavani, F. Tavecchio, J. -P. Tavernet, K. Tayabaly, A. Taylor, L. A. Tejedor, I. Telezhinsky, F. Temme, P. Temnikov, C. Tenzer, Y. Terada, J. C. Terrazas, R. Terrier, D. Terront, T. Terzic, D. Tescaro, M. Teshima, M. Teshima, V. Testa, D. Tezier, J. Thayer, J. Thornhill, S. Thoudam, D. Thuermann, L. Tibaldo, A. Tiengo, M. C. Timpanaro, D. Tiziani, M. Tluczykont, C. J. Todero Peixoto, F. Tokanai, M. Tokarz, K. Toma, J. Tomastik, Y. Tomono, A. Tonachini, D. Tonev, K. Torii, M. Tornikoski, D. F. Torres, M. Torres, E. Torresi, G. Toso, G. Tosti, T. Totani, N. Tothill, F. Toussenel, G. Tovmassian, T. Toyama, P. Travnicek, C. Trichard, M. Trifoglio, I. Troyano Pujadas, M. Trzeciak, K. Tsinganos, S. Tsujimoto, T. Tsuru, Y. Uchiyama, G. Umana, Y. Umetsu, S. S. Upadhya, M. Uslenghi, V. Vagelli, F. Vagnetti, J. Valdes-Galicia, M. Valentino, P. Vallania, L. Valore, W. van Driel, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, J. Vandenbroucke, J. Vanderwalt, G. Vasileiadis, V. Vassiliev, J. R. Vázquez, M. L. Vázquez Acosta, M. Vecchi, A. Vega, I. Vegas, P. Veitch, P. Venault, L. Venema, C. Venter, S. Vercellone, S. Vergani, K. Verma, V. Verzi, G. P. Vettolani, C. Veyssiere, A. Viana, N. Viaux, J. Vicha, C. Vigorito, P. Vincent, S. Vincent, J. Vink, V. Vittorini, N. Vlahakis, L. Vlahos, H. Voelk, V. Voisin, A. Vollhardt, A. Volpicelli, H. von Brand, S. Vorobiov, I. Vovk, M. Vrastil, L. V. Vu, T. Vuillaume, R. Wagner, R. Wagner, S. J. Wagner, S. P. Wakely, T. Walstra, R. Walter, T. Walther, J. E. Ward, M. Ward, K. Warda, D. Warren, S. Wassberg, J. J. Watson, P. Wawer, R. Wawrzaszek, N. Webb, P. Wegner, O. Weiner, A. Weinstein, R. Wells, F. Werner, H. Wetteskind, M. White, R. White, M. Więcek, A. Wierzcholska, S. Wiesand, R. Wijers, P. 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List of contributions from the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) Consortium presented at the 6th International Symposium on High-Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy (Gamma 2016), July 11-15, 2016, in Heidelberg, Germany. Read More

In this paper we report on the implementation and stability analysis of a drift-compensated frequency synthesizer from a cryogenic sapphire oscillator (CSO) designed for a Cs/Rb atomic fountain clock. The synthesizer has two microwave outputs of 7 GHz and 9 GHz for Rb and Cs atom interrogation, respectively. The short-term stability of these microwave signals, measured using an optical frequency comb locked to an ultra-stable laser, is better than $5\times10^{-15}$ at an averaging time of 1 s. Read More

The most popular model for short gamma-ray bursts (sGRBs) involves the coalescence of binary neutron stars. Because the progenitor is actually hidden from view, we must consider under which circumstances such merging systems are capable of producing a successful sGRB. Soon after coalescence, winds are launched from the merger remnant. Read More

The partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP) provides a principled general framework for planning under uncertainty, but solving POMDPs optimally is computationally intractable, due to the "curse of dimensionality" and the "curse of history". To overcome these challenges, we introduce the Determinized Sparse Partially Observable Tree (DESPOT), a sparse approximation of the standard belief tree, for online planning under uncertainty. A DESPOT focuses online planning on a set of randomly sampled scenarios and compactly captures the "execution" of all policies under these scenarios. Read More

Relational event data, which consist of events involving pairs of actors over time, are now commonly available at the finest of temporal resolutions. Existing continuous-time methods for modeling such data are based on point processes and directly model interaction "contagion," whereby one interaction increases the propensity of future interactions among actors, often as dictated by some latent variable structure. In this article, we present an alternative approach to using temporal-relational point process models for continuous-time event data. Read More

Nowadays, auto insurance companies set personalized insurance rate based on data gathered directly from their customers' cars. In this paper, we show such a personalized insurance mechanism -- wildly adopted by many auto insurance companies -- is vulnerable to exploit. In particular, we demonstrate that an adversary can leverage off-the-shelf hardware to manipulate the data to the device that collects drivers' habits for insurance rate customization and obtain a fraudulent insurance discount. Read More

For any two complete discrete valued fields $K_1$ and $K_2$ of mixed characteristic with perfect residue fields, we show that if each pair of $n$-th residue rings is isomorphic for each $n\ge1$, then $K_1$ and $K_2$ are isometric and isomorphic. More generally, for $n_1,n_2\ge 1$, if $n_2$ is large enough, then any homomorphism from the $n_1$-th residue ring of $K_1$ to the $n_2$-th residue ring of $K_2$ can be lifted to a homomorphism between the valuation rings. We can find a lower bound for $n_2$ depending only on $K_2$. Read More

A hallmark of Weyl semimetal is the existence of surface Fermi arcs connecting two surface-projected Weyl nodes with opposite chiralities. An intriguing question is what determines the connectivity of surface Fermi arcs, when multiple pairs of Weyl nodes are present. To answer this question, we first show that the locations of surface Fermi arcs are predominantly determined by the condition that the Zak phase integrated along the normal direction to the surface is $\pi$. Read More

The bright, short and hard GRB 090510 was detected by all instruments aboard Fermi and Swift satellites. The multiwavelength observations of this burst presented similar features with the Fermi-LAT-detected gamma-ray bursts. In the framework of the external shock model of early afterglow, a leptonic scenario that evolves in a homogeneous medium is proposed to revisit GRB 090510 and explain the multiwavelength light curve observations presented in this burst. Read More

Using a synergistic combination of experimental and computational methods, we shed light on the unusual solubility of (Cr,Ti)3AlC2 MAX phase, showing that it may accommodate Cr only at very low concentrations (<2at%) or at the exact Cr/(Cr+Ti) ratio of 2/3, even when the ratio of reactants is far from this stoichiometry (1/2 < Cr/(Cr+Ti) < 5/6). In both phases Cr exclusively occupies the 4f sites, bridging carbide layers with the Al layer. Despite this, the peculiar stability of (Cr2/3Ti1/3)3AlC2 is attributed to the formation of strong, spin-polarised Cr-C bonds, which result in volume reduction and marked increase in c/a ratio. Read More

The existence of charge density wave (CDW) correlations in cuprate superconductors has now been established. However, the nature of the ground state order has remained uncertain because disorder and the presence of superconductivity typically limit the CDW correlation lengths to a dozen unit cells or less. Here we explore the CDW correlations in YBa2Cu3Ox (YBCO) ortho-II and ortho-VIII crystals, which belong to the cleanest available cuprate family, at magnetic fields in excess of the resistive upper critical field (Hc2) where the superconductivity is heavily suppressed. Read More

Automated label-free quantitative imaging of biological samples can greatly benefit high throughput diseases diagnosis. Digital holographic microscopy (DHM) is a powerful quantitative label-free imaging tool that retrieves structural details of cellular samples non-invasively. In off-axis DHM, a proper spatial filtering window in Fourier space is crucial to the quality of reconstructed phase image. Read More

We investigate various types of Fubini instantons in Dilatonic Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory of gravitation, which describe the decay of the vacuum state at a hilltop potential through the tunneling without a barrier. It is shown that the vacuum states are modified by the non-minimally coupled higher-curvature term. Accordingly, we present the new type of solutions describing the tunneling from new vacuum states in anti-de Sitter and de Sitter backgrounds. Read More

In this paper, a novel and generic multi-objective design paradigm is proposed which utilizes quantum-behaved PSO(QPSO) for deciding the optimal configuration of the LQR controller for a given problem considering a set of competing objectives. There are three main contributions introduced in this paper as follows. (1) The standard QPSO algorithm is reinforced with an informed initialization scheme based on the simulated annealing algorithm and Gaussian neighborhood selection mechanism. Read More

A natural language interface exploits the conceptual simplicity and naturalness of the language to create a high-level user-friendly communication channel between humans and machines. One of the promising applications of such interfaces is generating visual interpretations of semantic content of a given natural language that can be then visualized either as a static scene or a dynamic animation. This survey discusses requirements and challenges of developing such systems and reports 26 graphical systems that exploit natural language interfaces and addresses both artificial intelligence and visualization aspects. Read More

Trapped inflation has been proposed to provide a successful inflation with a steep potential. We discuss the formation of primordial black holes in the trapped inflationary scenario. We show that primordial black holes are naturally produced during inflation with a steep trapping potential. Read More

DDOTI will be a wide-field robotic imager consisting of six 28-cm telescopes with prime focus CCDs mounted on a common equatorial mount. Each telescope will have a field of view of 12 square degrees, will have 2 arcsec pixels, and will reach a 10-sigma limiting magnitude in 60 seconds of r = 18.7 in dark time and r = 18. Read More

This paper describes the result of overall studies from development to characterization of undulator radiation. After three years of upgrading, PLS-II [1, 2] has been operating successfully since 21st March 2012. During the upgrade, we developed and installed an in-vacuum undulator (IVU) that generates brilliant X-ray beam. Read More

We study the thermodynamic properties of a black hole and the Hawking-Page phase transition in the asymptotically anti--de Sitter spacetime in the dilatonic Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory of gravitation. We show how the higher-order curvature terms can influence both the thermodynamic properties and the phase transition. We evaluate both heat capacity and free energy difference to determine the local and global thermodynamic stabilities, respectively. Read More

Cadmium arsenide ($\rm Cd_3As_2$) is known for its inverted band structure and ultra-high electron mobility. It has been theoretically predicted and also confirmed by ARPES experiments to exhibit a 3D Dirac semimetal phase containing degenerate Weyl nodes. From magneto-transport measurements in high quality single crystals of $\rm Cd_3As_2$, a small effective mass $m^* \approx$ 0. Read More

We report the nanodiamond-derived onion-like carbon successfully applied as an electrocatalyst for [VO]2+/[VO2]+ redox flow battery, as drop-coated (in the as-synthesized state) on glassy carbon or carbon felt electrodes. We show that its reversibility and catalytic activity in its as-synthesized state was comparable to some of the best data in the literature which employed surface modifications. We clarified the origin of such excellent performances by physical/electrochemical analyses. Read More

This paper proposes a new image thresholding segmentation approach using the heuristic method, Convergent Heterogeneous Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm. The proposed algorithm incorporates a new strategy of searching the problem space by dividing the swarm into subswarms. Each subswarm particles search for better solution separately lead to better exploitation while they cooperate with each other to find the best global position. Read More

We investigate the superconductivity in the $t-J-U$ model within a slave-spin formalism. We show that the BCS mean-field theory implemented with the slave spin formalism naturally predicts two distinct gaps which are the pairing gap of the spinons $\Delta_f$ and the Cooper pairing gap of the electrons $\Delta_{SC} = Z\Delta_f$, where $Z$ is the quasiparticle weight. Furthermore, we find that the nature of the superconducting state depends crucially on the interaction providing the pairing mechanism. Read More

The coupling between lattice and charge degrees of freedom in condensed matter materials is ubiquitous and can often result in interesting properties and ordered phases, including conventional superconductivity, charge density wave order, and metal-insulator transitions. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and both neutron and non-resonant x-ray scattering serve as effective probes for determining the behavior of appropriate, individual degrees of freedom -- the electronic structure and lattice excitation, or phonon dispersion, respectively. However, each provides less direct information about the mutual coupling between the degrees of freedom, usual through self-energy effects, which tend to renormalize and broaden spectral features precisely where the coupling is strong, impacting ones ability to quantitively characterize the coupling. Read More

We investigate the ultraharmonics response of a protoplanetary disk to an orbiting planet. We find that the multi-armed spiral structure can be excited by the higher-order forcing due to nonlinear mode-coupling. In particular, the preferential excitation of gas response with small azimuthal wavenumber $(m\sim 2)$ is a direct consequence of mode-coupling among linear waves. Read More

2016Apr
Authors: B. P. Abbott1, R. Abbott2, T. D. Abbott3, M. R. Abernathy4, F. Acernese5, K. Ackley6, C. Adams7, T. Adams8, P. Addesso9, R. X. Adhikari10, V. B. Adya11, C. Affeldt12, M. Agathos13, K. Agatsuma14, N. Aggarwal15, O. D. Aguiar16, L. Aiello17, A. Ain18, P. Ajith19, B. Allen20, A. Allocca21, P. A. Altin22, S. B. Anderson23, W. G. Anderson24, K. Arai25, M. C. Araya26, C. C. Arceneaux27, J. S. Areeda28, N. Arnaud29, K. G. Arun30, S. Ascenzi31, G. Ashton32, M. Ast33, S. M. Aston34, P. Astone35, P. Aufmuth36, C. Aulbert37, S. Babak38, P. Bacon39, M. K. M. Bader40, P. T. Baker41, F. Baldaccini42, G. Ballardin43, S. W. Ballmer44, J. C. Barayoga45, S. E. Barclay46, B. C. Barish47, D. Barker48, F. Barone49, B. Barr50, L. Barsotti51, M. Barsuglia52, D. Barta53, S. Barthelmy54, J. Bartlett55, I. Bartos56, R. Bassiri57, A. Basti58, J. C. Batch59, C. Baune60, V. Bavigadda61, M. Bazzan62, B. Behnke63, M. Bejger64, A. S. Bell65, C. J. Bell66, B. K. Berger67, J. Bergman68, G. Bergmann69, C. P. L. Berry70, D. Bersanetti71, A. Bertolini72, J. Betzwieser73, S. Bhagwat74, R. Bhandare75, I. A. Bilenko76, G. Billingsley77, J. Birch78, R. Birney79, S. Biscans80, A. Bisht81, M. Bitossi82, C. Biwer83, M. A. Bizouard84, J. K. Blackburn85, C. D. Blair86, D. G. Blair87, R. M. Blair88, S. Bloemen89, O. Bock90, T. P. Bodiya91, M. Boer92, G. Bogaert93, C. Bogan94, A. Bohe95, P. Bojtos96, C. Bond97, F. Bondu98, R. Bonnand99, B. A. Boom100, R. Bork101, V. Boschi102, S. Bose103, Y. Bouffanais104, A. Bozzi105, C. Bradaschia106, P. R. Brady107, V. B. Braginsky108, M. Branchesi109, J. E. Brau110, T. Briant111, A. Brillet112, M. Brinkmann113, V. Brisson114, P. Brockill115, A. F. Brooks116, D. A. Brown117, D. D. Brown118, N. M. Brown119, C. C. Buchanan120, A. Buikema121, T. Bulik122, H. J. Bulten123, A. Buonanno124, D. Buskulic125, C. Buy126, R. L. Byer127, L. Cadonati128, G. Cagnoli129, C. Cahillane130, J. C. Bustillo131, T. Callister132, E. Calloni133, J. B. Camp134, K. C. Cannon135, J. Cao136, C. D. Capano137, E. Capocasa138, F. Carbognani139, S. Caride140, J. C. Diaz141, C. Casentini142, S. Caudill143, M. Cavaglià144, F. Cavalier145, R. Cavalieri146, G. Cella147, C. B. Cepeda148, L. C. Baiardi149, G. Cerretani150, E. Cesarini151, R. Chakraborty152, T. Chalermsongsak153, S. J. Chamberlin154, M. Chan155, S. Chao156, P. Charlton157, E. Chassande-Mottin158, H. Y. Chen159, Y. Chen160, C. Cheng161, A. Chincarini162, A. Chiummo163, H. S. Cho164, M. Cho165, J. H. Chow166, N. Christensen167, Q. Chu168, S. Chua169, S. Chung170, G. Ciani171, F. Clara172, J. A. Clark173, F. Cleva174, E. Coccia175, P. -F. Cohadon176, A. Colla177, C. G. Collette178, L. Cominsky179, M. Constancio Jr.180, A. Conte181, L. Conti182, D. Cook183, T. R. Corbitt184, N. Cornish185, A. Corsi186, S. Cortese187, C. A. Costa188, M. W. Coughlin189, S. B. Coughlin190, J. -P. Coulon191, S. T. Countryman192, P. Couvares193, E. E. Cowan194, D. M. Coward195, M. J. Cowart196, D. C. Coyne197, R. Coyne198, K. Craig199, J. D. E. Creighton200, J. Cripe201, S. G. Crowder202, A. Cumming203, L. Cunningham204, E. Cuoco205, T. Dal Canton206, S. L. Danilishin207, S. D'Antonio208, K. Danzmann209, N. S. Darman210, V. Dattilo211, I. Dave212, H. P. Daveloza213, M. Davier214, G. S. Davies215, E. J. Daw216, R. Day217, D. DeBra218, G. Debreczeni219, J. Degallaix220, M. De Laurentis221, S. Deléglise222, W. Del Pozzo223, T. Denker224, T. Dent225, H. Dereli226, V. Dergachev227, R. T. DeRosa228, R. De Rosa229, R. DeSalvo230, S. Dhurandhar231, M. C. Díaz232, L. Di Fiore233, M. Di Giovanni234, A. Di Lieto235, S. Di Pace236, I. Di Palma237, A. Di Virgilio238, G. Dojcinoski239, V. Dolique240, F. Donovan241, K. L. Dooley242, S. Doravari243, R. Douglas244, T. P. Downes245, M. Drago246, R. W. P. Drever247, J. C. Driggers248, Z. Du249, M. Ducrot250, S. E. Dwyer251, T. B. Edo252, M. C. Edwards253, A. Effler254, H. -B. Eggenstein255, P. Ehrens256, J. Eichholz257, S. S. Eikenberry258, W. Engels259, R. C. Essick260, T. Etzel261, M. Evans262, T. M. Evans263, R. Everett264, M. Factourovich265, V. Fafone266, H. Fair267, S. Fairhurst268, X. Fan269, Q. Fang270, S. Farinon271, B. Farr272, W. M. Farr273, M. Favata274, M. Fays275, H. Fehrmann276, M. M. Fejer277, I. Ferrante278, E. C. Ferreira279, F. Ferrini280, F. Fidecaro281, I. Fiori282, D. Fiorucci283, R. P. Fisher284, R. Flaminio285, M. Fletcher286, J. -D. Fournier287, S. Franco288, S. Frasca289, F. Frasconi290, Z. Frei291, A. Freise292, R. Frey293, V. Frey294, T. T. Fricke295, P. Fritschel296, V. V. Frolov297, P. Fulda298, M. Fyffe299, H. A. G. Gabbard300, J. R. Gair301, L. Gammaitoni302, S. G. Gaonkar303, F. Garufi304, A. Gatto305, G. Gaur306, N. Gehrels307, G. Gemme308, B. Gendre309, E. Genin310, A. Gennai311, J. George312, L. Gergely313, V. Germain314, A. Ghosh315, S. Ghosh316, J. A. Giaime317, K. D. Giardina318, A. Giazotto319, K. Gill320, A. Glaefke321, E. Goetz322, R. Goetz323, L. Gondan324, G. González325, J. M. G. Castro326, A. Gopakumar327, N. A. Gordon328, M. L. Gorodetsky329, S. E. Gossan330, M. Gosselin331, R. Gouaty332, C. Graef333, P. B. Graff334, M. Granata335, A. Grant336, S. Gras337, C. Gray338, G. Greco339, A. C. Green340, P. Groot341, H. Grote342, S. Grunewald343, G. M. Guidi344, X. Guo345, A. Gupta346, M. K. Gupta347, K. E. Gushwa348, E. K. Gustafson349, R. Gustafson350, J. J. Hacker351, B. R. Hall352, E. D. Hall353, G. Hammond354, M. Haney355, M. M. Hanke356, J. Hanks357, C. Hanna358, M. D. Hannam359, J. Hanson360, T. Hardwick361, K. Haris362, J. Harms363, G. M. Harry364, I. W. Harry365, M. J. Hart366, M. T. Hartman367, C. -J. Haster368, K. Haughian369, A. Heidmann370, M. C. Heintze371, H. Heitmann372, P. Hello373, G. Hemming374, M. Hendry375, I. S. Heng376, J. Hennig377, A. W. Heptonstall378, M. Heurs379, S. Hild380, D. Hoak381, K. A. Hodge382, D. Hofman383, S. E. Hollitt384, K. Holt385, D. E. Holz386, P. Hopkins387, D. J. Hosken388, J. Hough389, E. A. Houston390, E. J. Howell391, Y. M. Hu392, S. Huang393, E. A. Huerta394, D. Huet395, B. Hughey396, S. Husa397, S. H. Huttner398, T. Huynh-Dinh399, A. Idrisy400, N. Indik401, D. R. Ingram402, R. Inta403, H. N. Isa404, J. -M. Isac405, M. Isi406, G. Islas407, T. Isogai408, B. R. Iyer409, K. Izumi410, T. Jacqmin411, H. Jang412, K. Jani413, P. Jaranowski414, S. Jawahar415, F. Jiménez-Forteza416, W. W. Johnson417, D. I. Jones418, R. Jones419, R. J. G. Jonker420, L. Ju421, C. V. Kalaghatgi422, V. Kalogera423, S. Kandhasamy424, G. Kang425, J. B. Kanner426, S. Karki427, M. Kasprzack428, E. Katsavounidis429, W. Katzman430, S. Kaufer431, T. Kaur432, K. Kawabe433, F. Kawazoe434, F. Kéfélian435, M. S. Kehl436, D. Keitel437, D. B. Kelley438, W. Kells439, R. Kennedy440, J. S. Key441, A. Khalaidovski442, F. Y. Khalili443, I. Khan444, S. Khan445, Z. Khan446, E. A. Khazanov447, N. Kijbunchoo448, C. Kim449, J. Kim450, K. Kim451, N. Kim452, N. Kim453, Y. -M. Kim454, E. J. King455, P. J. King456, D. L. Kinzel457, J. S. Kissel458, L. Kleybolte459, S. Klimenko460, S. M. Koehlenbeck461, K. Kokeyama462, S. Koley463, V. Kondrashov464, A. Kontos465, M. Korobko466, W. Z. Korth467, I. Kowalska468, D. B. Kozak469, V. Kringel470, A. Królak471, C. Krueger472, G. Kuehn473, P. Kumar474, L. Kuo475, A. Kutynia476, B. D. Lackey477, M. Landry478, J. Lange479, B. Lantz480, P. D. Lasky481, A. Lazzarini482, C. Lazzaro483, P. Leaci484, S. Leavey485, E. O. Lebigot486, C. H. Lee487, H. K. Lee488, H. M. Lee489, K. Lee490, A. Lenon491, M. Leonardi492, J. R. Leong493, N. Leroy494, N. Letendre495, Y. Levin496, B. M. Levine497, T. G. F. Li498, A. Libson499, T. B. Littenberg500, N. A. Lockerbie501, J. Logue502, A. L. Lombardi503, J. E. Lord504, M. Lorenzini505, V. Loriette506, M. Lormand507, G. Losurdo508, J. D. Lough509, H. Lück510, A. P. Lundgren511, J. Luo512, R. Lynch513, Y. Ma514, T. MacDonald515, B. Machenschalk516, M. MacInnis517, D. M. Macleod518, F. Magaña-Sandoval519, R. M. Magee520, M. Mageswaran521, E. Majorana522, I. Maksimovic523, V. Malvezzi524, N. Man525, I. Mandel526, V. Mandic527, V. Mangano528, G. L. Mansell529, M. Manske530, M. Mantovani531, F. Marchesoni532, F. Marion533, S. Márka534, Z. Márka535, A. S. Markosyan536, E. Maros537, F. Martelli538, L. Martellini539, I. W. Martin540, R. M. Martin541, D. V. Martynov542, J. N. Marx543, K. Mason544, A. Masserot545, T. J. Massinger546, M. Masso-Reid547, F. Matichard548, L. Matone549, N. Mavalvala550, N. Mazumder551, G. Mazzolo552, R. McCarthy553, D. E. McClelland554, S. McCormick555, S. C. McGuire556, G. McIntyre557, J. McIver558, D. J. McManus559, S. T. McWilliams560, D. Meacher561, G. D. Meadors562, J. Meidam563, A. Melatos564, G. Mendell565, D. Mendoza-Gandara566, R. A. Mercer567, E. Merilh568, M. Merzougui569, S. Meshkov570, C. Messenger571, C. Messick572, P. M. Meyers573, F. Mezzani574, H. Miao575, C. Michel576, H. Middleton577, E. E. Mikhailov578, L. Milano579, J. Miller580, M. Millhouse581, Y. Minenkov582, J. Ming583, S. Mirshekari584, C. Mishra585, S. Mitra586, V. P. Mitrofanov587, G. Mitselmakher588, R. Mittleman589, A. Moggi590, M. Mohan591, S. R. P. Mohapatra592, M. Montani593, B. C. Moore594, C. J. Moore595, D. Moraru596, G. Moreno597, S. R. Morriss598, K. Mossavi599, B. Mours600, C. M. Mow-Lowry601, C. L. Mueller602, G. Mueller603, A. W. Muir604, A. Mukherjee605, D. Mukherjee606, S. Mukherjee607, N. Mukund608, A. Mullavey609, J. Munch610, D. J. Murphy611, P. G. Murray612, A. Mytidis613, I. Nardecchia614, L. Naticchioni615, R. K. Nayak616, V. Necula617, K. Nedkova618, G. Nelemans619, M. Neri620, A. Neunzert621, G. Newton622, T. T. Nguyen623, A. B. Nielsen624, S. Nissanke625, A. Nitz626, F. Nocera627, D. Nolting628, M. E. N. Normandin629, L. K. Nuttall630, J. Oberling631, E. Ochsner632, J. O'Dell633, E. Oelker634, G. H. Ogin635, J. J. Oh636, S. H. Oh637, F. Ohme638, M. Oliver639, P. Oppermann640, R. J. Oram641, B. O'Reilly642, R. O'Shaughnessy643, D. J. Ottaway644, R. S. Ottens645, H. Overmier646, B. J. Owen647, A. Pai648, S. A. Pai649, J. R. Palamos650, O. Palashov651, N. Palliyaguru652, C. Palomba653, A. Pal-Singh654, H. Pan655, C. Pankow656, F. Pannarale657, B. C. Pant658, F. Paoletti659, A. Paoli660, M. A. Papa661, H. R. Paris662, W. Parker663, D. Pascucci664, A. Pasqualetti665, R. Passaquieti666, D. Passuello667, B. Patricelli668, Z. Patrick669, B. L. Pearlstone670, M. Pedraza671, R. Pedurand672, L. Pekowsky673, A. Pele674, S. Penn675, A. Perreca676, M. Phelps677, O. Piccinni678, M. Pichot679, F. Piergiovanni680, V. Pierro681, G. Pillant682, L. Pinard683, I. M. Pinto684, M. Pitkin685, R. Poggiani686, P. Popolizio687, A. Post688, J. Powell689, J. Prasad690, V. Predoi691, S. S. Premachandra692, T. Prestegard693, L. R. Price694, M. Prijatelj695, M. Principe696, S. Privitera697, G. A. Prodi698, L. Prokhorov699, O. Puncken700, M. Punturo701, P. Puppo702, M. Pürrer703, H. Qi704, J. Qin705, V. Quetschke706, E. A. Quintero707, R. Quitzow-James708, F. J. Raab709, D. S. Rabeling710, H. Radkins711, P. Raffai712, S. Raja713, M. Rakhmanov714, P. Rapagnani715, V. Raymond716, M. Razzano717, V. Re718, J. Read719, C. M. Reed720, T. Regimbau721, L. Rei722, S. Reid723, D. H. Reitze724, H. Rew725, S. D. Reyes726, F. Ricci727, K. Riles728, N. A. Robertson729, R. Robie730, F. Robinet731, A. Rocchi732, L. Rolland733, J. G. Rollins734, V. J. Roma735, R. Romano736, G. Romanov737, J. H. Romie738, D. Rosińska739, S. Rowan740, A. Rüdiger741, P. Ruggi742, K. Ryan743, S. Sachdev744, T. Sadecki745, L. Sadeghian746, L. Salconi747, M. Saleem748, F. Salemi749, A. Samajdar750, L. Sammut751, E. J. Sanchez752, V. Sandberg753, B. Sandeen754, J. R. Sanders755, B. Sassolas756, B. S. Sathyaprakash757, P. R. Saulson758, O. Sauter759, R. L. Savage760, A. Sawadsky761, P. Schale762, R. Schilling763, J. Schmidt764, P. Schmidt765, R. Schnabel766, R. M. S. Schofield767, A. Schönbeck768, E. Schreiber769, D. Schuette770, B. F. Schutz771, J. Scott772, S. M. Scott773, D. Sellers774, D. Sentenac775, V. Sequino776, A. Sergeev777, G. Serna778, Y. Setyawati779, A. Sevigny780, D. A. Shaddock781, S. Shah782, M. S. Shahriar783, M. Shaltev784, Z. Shao785, B. Shapiro786, P. Shawhan787, A. Sheperd788, D. H. Shoemaker789, D. M. Shoemaker790, K. Siellez791, X. Siemens792, D. Sigg793, A. D. Silva794, D. Simakov795, A. Singer796, A. Singh797, R. Singh798, A. Singhal799, A. M. Sintes800, B. J. J. Slagmolen801, J. R. Smith802, N. D. Smith803, R. J. E. Smith804, E. J. Son805, B. Sorazu806, F. Sorrentino807, T. Souradeep808, A. K. Srivastava809, A. Staley810, M. Steinke811, J. Steinlechner812, S. Steinlechner813, D. Steinmeyer814, B. C. Stephens815, R. Stone816, K. A. Strain817, N. Straniero818, G. Stratta819, N. A. Strauss820, S. Strigin821, R. Sturani822, A. L. Stuver823, T. Z. Summerscales824, L. Sun825, P. J. Sutton826, B. L. Swinkels827, M. J. Szczepańczyk828, M. Tacca829, D. Talukder830, D. B. Tanner831, M. Tápai832, S. P. Tarabrin833, A. Taracchini834, R. Taylor835, T. Theeg836, M. P. Thirugnanasambandam837, E. G. Thomas838, M. Thomas839, P. Thomas840, K. A. Thorne841, K. S. Thorne842, E. Thrane843, S. Tiwari844, V. Tiwari845, K. V. Tokmakov846, C. Tomlinson847, M. Tonelli848, C. V. Torres849, C. I. Torrie850, D. Töyrä851, F. Travasso852, G. Traylor853, D. Trifirò854, M. C. Tringali855, L. Trozzo856, M. Tse857, M. Turconi858, D. Tuyenbayev859, D. Ugolini860, C. S. Unnikrishnan861, A. L. Urban862, S. A. Usman863, H. Vahlbruch864, G. Vajente865, G. Valdes866, N. van Bakel867, M. van Beuzekom868, J. F. J. van den Brand869, C. Van Den Broeck870, D. C. Vander-Hyde871, L. van der Schaaf872, J. V. van Heijningen873, A. A. van Veggel874, M. Vardaro875, S. Vass876, M. Vasúth877, R. Vaulin878, A. Vecchio879, G. Vedovato880, J. Veitch881, P. J. Veitch882, K. Venkateswara883, D. Verkindt884, F. Vetrano885, A. Viceré886, S. Vinciguerra887, D. J. Vine888, J. -Y. Vinet889, S. Vitale890, T. Vo891, H. Vocca892, C. Vorvick893, D. Voss894, W. D. Vousden895, S. P. Vyatchanin896, A. R. Wade897, L. E. Wade898, M. 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Giles1140, M. H. Gibby1141, J. Greiner1142, A. von Kienlin1143, R. M. Kippen1144, S. McBreen1145, B. Mailyan1146, C. A. Meegan1147, W. S. Paciesas1148, R. D. Preece1149, O. Roberts1150, L. Sparke1151, M. Stanbro1152, K. Toelge1153, P. Veres1154, H. -F. Yu1155, L. Blackburn1156, M. Ackermann1157, M. Ajello1158, A. Albert1159, B. Anderson1160, W. B. Atwood1161, M. Axelsson1162, L. Baldini1163, G. Barbiellini1164, D. Bastieri1165, R. Bellazzini1166, E. Bissaldi1167, R. D. Blandford1168, E. D. Bloom1169, R. Bonino1170, E. Bottacini1171, T. J. Brandt1172, P. Bruel1173, S. Buson1174, G. A. Caliandro1175, R. A. Cameron1176, M. Caragiulo1177, P. A. Caraveo1178, E. Cavazzuti1179, E. Charles1180, A. Chekhtman1181, J. Chiang1182, G. Chiaro1183, S. Ciprini1184, J. Cohen-Tanugi1185, L. R. Cominsky1186, F. Costanza1187, A. Cuoco1188, F. D'Ammando1189, F. de Palma1190, R. Desiante1191, S. W. Digel1192, N. Di Lalla1193, M. Di Mauro1194, L. Di Venere1195, A. Domínguez1196, P. S. Drell1197, R. 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Yanagisawa1379, M. Yoshida1380, C. Baltay1381, D. Rabinowitz1382, N. Ellman1383, S. Rostami1384, D. F. Bersier1385, M. F. Bode1386, C. A. Collins1387, C. M. Copperwheat1388, M. J. Darnley1389, D. K. Galloway1390, A. Gomboc1391, S. Kobayashi1392, P. Mazzali1393, C. G. Mundell1394, A. S. Piascik1395, Don Pollacco1396, I. A. Steele1397, K. Ulaczyk1398, J. W. Broderick1399, R. P. Fender1400, P. G. Jonker1401, A. Rowlinson1402, B. W. Stappers1403, R. A. M. J. Wijers1404, V. Lipunov1405, E. Gorbovskoy1406, N. Tyurina1407, V. Kornilov1408, P. Balanutsa1409, A. Kuznetsov1410, D. Buckley1411, R. Rebolo1412, M. Serra-Ricart1413, G. Israelian1414, N. M. Budnev1415, O. Gress1416, K. Ivanov1417, V. Poleshuk1418, A. Tlatov1419, V. Yurkov1420, N. Kawai1421, M. Serino1422, H. Negoro1423, S. Nakahira1424, T. Mihara1425, H. Tomida1426, S. Ueno1427, H. Tsunemi1428, M. Matsuoka1429, S. Croft1430, L. Feng1431, T. M. O. Franzen1432, B. M. Gaensler1433, M. Johnston-Hollitt1434, D. L. Kaplan1435, M. F. 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Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 304The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 305The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 306The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 307The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 308The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 309The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 310The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 311The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 312The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 313The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 314The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 315The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 316The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 317The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 318The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 319The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 320The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 321The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 322The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 323The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 324The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 325The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 326The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 327The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 328The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 329The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 330The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 331The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 332The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 333The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 334The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 335The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 336The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 337The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 338The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 339The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 340The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 341The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 342The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 343The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 344The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 345The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 346The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 347The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 348The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 349The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 350The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 351The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 352The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 353The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 354The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 355The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 356The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 357The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 358The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 359The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 360The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 361The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 362The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 363The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 364The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 365The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 366The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 367The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 368The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 369The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 370The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 371The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 372The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 373The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 374The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 375The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 376The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 377The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 378The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 379The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 380The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 381The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 382The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 383The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 384The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 385The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 386The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 387The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 388The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 389The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 390The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 391The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 392The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 393The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 394The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 395The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 396The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 397The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 398The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 399The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 400The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 401The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 402The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 403The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 404The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 405The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 406The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 407The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 408The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 409The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 410The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 411The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 412The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 413The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 414The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 415The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 416The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 417The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 418The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 419The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 420The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 421The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 422The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 423The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 424The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 425The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 426The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 427The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 428The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 429The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 430The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 431The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 432The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 433The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 434The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 435The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 436The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 437The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 438The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 439The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 440The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 441The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 442The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 443The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 444The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 445The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 446The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 447The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 448The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 449The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 450The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 451The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 452The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 453The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 454The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 455The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 456The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 457The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 458The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 459The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 460The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 461The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 462The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 463The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 464The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 465The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 466The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 467The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 468The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 469The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 470The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 471The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 472The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 473The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 474The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 475The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 476The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 477The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 478The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 479The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 480The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 481The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 482The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 483The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 484The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 485The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 486The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 487The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 488The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 489The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 490The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 491The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 492The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 493The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 494The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 495The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 496The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 497The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 498The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 499The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 500The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 501The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 502The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 503The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 504The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 505The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 506The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 507The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 508The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 509The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 510The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 511The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 512The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 513The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 514The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 515The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 516The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 517The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 518The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 519The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 520The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 521The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 522The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 523The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 524The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 525The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 526The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 527The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 528The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 529The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 530The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 531The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 532The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 533The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 534The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 535The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 536The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 537The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 538The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 539The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 540The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 541The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 542The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 543The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 544The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 545The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 546The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 547The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 548The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 549The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 550The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 551The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 552The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 553The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 554The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 555The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 556The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 557The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 558The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 559The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 560The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 561The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 562The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 563The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 564The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 565The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 566The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 567The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 568The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 569The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 570The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 571The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 572The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 573The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 574The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 575The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 576The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 577The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 578The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 579The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 580The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 581The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 582The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 583The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 584The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 585The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 586The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 587The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 588The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 589The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 590The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 591The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 592The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 593The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 594The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 595The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 596The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 597The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 598The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 599The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 600The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 601The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 602The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 603The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 604The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 605The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 606The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 607The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 608The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 609The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 610The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 611The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 612The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 613The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 614The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 615The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 616The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 617The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 618The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 619The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 620The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 621The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 622The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 623The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 624The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 625The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 626The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 627The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 628The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 629The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 630The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 631The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 632The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 633The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 634The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 635The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 636The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 637The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 638The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 639The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 640The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 641The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 642The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 643The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 644The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 645The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 646The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 647The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 648The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 649The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 650The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 651The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 652The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 653The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 654The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 655The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 656The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 657The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 658The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 659The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 660The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 661The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 662The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 663The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 664The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 665The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 666The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 667The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 668The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 669The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 670The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 671The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 672The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 673The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 674The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 675The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 676The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 677The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 678The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 679The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 680The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 681The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 682The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 683The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 684The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 685The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 686The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 687The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 688The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 689The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 690The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 691The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 692The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 693The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 694The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 695The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 696The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 697The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 698The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 699The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 700The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 701The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 702The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 703The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 704The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 705The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 706The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 707The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 708The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 709The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 710The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 711The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 712The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 713The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 714The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 715The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 716The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 717The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 718The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 719The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 720The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 721The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 722The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 723The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 724The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 725The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 726The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 727The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 728The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 729The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 730The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 731The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 732The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 733The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 734The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 735The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 736The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 737The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 738The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 739The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 740The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 741The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 742The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 743The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 744The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 745The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 746The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 747The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 748The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 749The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 750The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 751The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 752The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 753The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 754The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 755The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 756The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 757The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 758The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 759The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 760The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 761The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 762The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 763The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 764The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 765The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 766The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 767The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 768The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 769The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 770The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 771The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 772The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 773The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 774The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 775The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 776The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 777The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 778The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 779The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 780The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 781The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 782The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 783The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 784The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 785The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 786The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 787The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 788The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 789The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 790The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 791The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 792The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 793The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 794The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 795The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 796The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 797The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 798The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 799The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 800The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 801The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 802The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 803The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 804The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 805The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 806The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 807The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 808The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 809The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 810The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 811The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 812The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 813The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 814The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 815The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 816The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 817The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 818The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 819The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 820The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 821The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 822The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 823The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 824The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 825The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 826The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 827The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 828The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 829The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 830The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 831The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 832The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 833The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 834The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 835The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 836The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 837The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 838The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 839The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 840The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 841The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 842The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 843The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 844The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 845The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 846The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 847The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 848The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 849The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 850The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 851The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 852The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 853The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 854The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 855The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 856The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 857The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 858The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 859The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 860The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 861The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 862The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 863The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 864The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 865The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 866The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 867The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 868The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 869The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 870The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 871The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 872The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 873The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 874The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 875The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 876The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 877The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 878The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 879The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 880The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 881The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 882The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 883The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 884The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 885The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 886The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 887The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 888The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 889The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 890The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 891The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 892The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 893The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 894The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 895The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 896The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 897The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 898The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 899The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 900The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 901The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 902The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 903The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 904The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 905The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 906The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 907The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 908The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 909The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 910The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 911The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 912The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 913The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 914The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 915The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 916The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 917The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 918The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 919The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 920The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 921The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 922The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 923The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 924The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 925The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 926The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 927The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 928The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 929The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 930The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 931The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 932The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 933The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 934The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 935The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 936The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 937The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 938The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 939The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 940The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 941The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 942The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 943The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 944The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 945The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 946The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 947The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 948The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 949The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 950The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 951The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 952The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 953The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 954The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 955The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 956The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 957The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 958The LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration, 959The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 960The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 961The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 962The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 963The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 964The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 965The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 966The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 967The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 968The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 969The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 970The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 971The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 972The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 973The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 974The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 975The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 976The Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder, 977The BOOTES Collaboration, 978The BOOTES Collaboration, 979The BOOTES Collaboration, 980The BOOTES Collaboration, 981The BOOTES Collaboration, 982The BOOTES Collaboration, 983The BOOTES Collaboration, 984The BOOTES Collaboration, 985The BOOTES Collaboration, 986The BOOTES Collaboration, 987The BOOTES Collaboration, 988The BOOTES Collaboration, 989The BOOTES Collaboration, 990The BOOTES Collaboration, 991The BOOTES Collaboration, 992The BOOTES Collaboration, 993The BOOTES Collaboration, 994The BOOTES Collaboration, 995The BOOTES Collaboration, 996The BOOTES Collaboration, 997The BOOTES Collaboration, 998The BOOTES Collaboration, 999The BOOTES Collaboration, 1000The BOOTES Collaboration, 1001The BOOTES Collaboration, 1002The BOOTES Collaboration, 1003The BOOTES Collaboration, 1004The BOOTES Collaboration, 1005The BOOTES Collaboration, 1006The BOOTES Collaboration, 1007The BOOTES Collaboration, 1008The BOOTES Collaboration, 1009The BOOTES Collaboration, 1010The BOOTES Collaboration, 1011The BOOTES Collaboration, 1012The BOOTES Collaboration, 1013The BOOTES Collaboration, 1014The BOOTES Collaboration, 1015The BOOTES Collaboration, 1016The BOOTES Collaboration, 1017The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1018The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1019The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1020The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1021The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1022The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1023The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1024The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1025The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1026The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1027The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1028The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1029The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1030The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1031The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1032The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1033The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1034The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1035The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1036The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1037The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1038The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1039The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1040The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1041The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1042The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1043The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1044The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1045The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1046The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1047The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1048The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1049The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1050The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1051The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1052The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1053The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1054The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1055The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1056The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1057The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1058The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1059The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1060The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1061The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1062The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1063The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1064The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1065The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1066The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1067The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1068The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1069The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1070The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1071The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1072The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1073The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1074The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1075The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1076The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1077The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1078The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1079The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1080The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1081The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1082The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1083The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1084The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1085The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1086The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1087The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1088The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1089The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1090The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1091The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1092The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1093The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1094The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1095The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1096The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1097The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1098The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1099The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1100The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1101The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1102The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1103The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1104The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1105The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1106The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1107The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1108The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1109The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1110The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1111The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1112The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1113The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1114The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1115The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1116The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1117The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1118The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1119The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1120The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1121The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1122The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1123The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1124The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1125The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1126The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1127The Dark Energy Survey and the Dark Energy Camera GW-EM Collaborations, 1128The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1129The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1130The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1131The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1132The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1133The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1134The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1135The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1136The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1137The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1138The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1139The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1140The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1141The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1142The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1143The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1144The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1145The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1146The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1147The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1148The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1149The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1150The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1151The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1152The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1153The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1154The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1155The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1156The Fermi GBM Collaboration, 1157The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1158The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1159The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1160The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1161The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1162The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1163The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1164The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1165The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1166The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1167The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1168The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1169The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1170The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1171The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1172The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1173The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1174The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1175The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1176The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1177The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1178The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1179The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1180The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1181The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1182The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1183The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1184The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1185The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1186The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1187The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1188The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1189The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1190The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1191The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1192The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1193The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1194The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1195The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1196The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1197The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1198The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1199The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1200The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1201The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1202The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1203The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1204The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1205The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1206The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1207The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1208The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1209The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1210The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1211The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1212The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1213The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1214The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1215The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1216The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1217The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1218The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1219The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1220The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1221The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1222The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1223The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1224The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1225The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1226The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1227The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1228The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1229The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1230The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1231The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1232The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1233The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1234The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1235The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1236The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1237The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1238The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1239The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1240The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1241The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1242The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1243The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1244The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1245The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1246The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1247The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1248The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1249The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1250The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1251The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1252The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1253The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1254The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1255The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1256The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1257The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1258The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1259The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1260The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1261The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1262The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1263The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1264The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1265The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1266The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1267The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1268The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1269The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1270The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1271The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1272The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1273The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1274The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1275The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1276The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1277The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1278The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1279The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1280The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1281The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1282The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1283The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1284The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1285The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1286The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1287The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1288The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1289The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1290The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1291The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1292The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1293The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1294The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1295The Fermi LAT Collaboration, 1296The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1297The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1298The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1299The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1300The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1301The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1302The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1303The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1304The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1305The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1306The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1307The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1308The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1309The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1310The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1311The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1312The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1313The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1314The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1315The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1316The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1317The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1318The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1319The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1320The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1321The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1322The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1323The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1324The GRAvitational Wave Inaf TeAm, 1325The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1326The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1327The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1328The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1329The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1330The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1331The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1332The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1333The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1334The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1335The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1336The INTEGRAL Collaboration, 1337The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1338The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1339The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1340The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1341The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1342The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1343The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1344The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1345The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1346The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1347The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1348The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1349The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1350The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1351The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1352The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1353The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1354The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1355The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1356The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1357The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1358The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1359The Intermediate Palomar Transient Factory, 1360The InterPlanetary Network, 1361The InterPlanetary Network, 1362The InterPlanetary Network, 1363The InterPlanetary Network, 1364The InterPlanetary Network, 1365The InterPlanetary Network, 1366The InterPlanetary Network, 1367The InterPlanetary Network, 1368The InterPlanetary Network, 1369The InterPlanetary Network, 1370The InterPlanetary Network, 1371The J-GEM Collaboration, 1372The J-GEM Collaboration, 1373The J-GEM Collaboration, 1374The J-GEM Collaboration, 1375The J-GEM Collaboration, 1376The J-GEM Collaboration, 1377The J-GEM Collaboration, 1378The J-GEM Collaboration, 1379The J-GEM Collaboration, 1380The J-GEM Collaboration, 1381The La Silla--QUEST Survey, 1382The La Silla--QUEST Survey, 1383The La Silla--QUEST Survey, 1384The La Silla--QUEST Survey, 1385The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1386The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1387The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1388The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1389The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1390The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1391The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1392The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1393The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1394The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1395The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1396The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1397The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1398The Liverpool Telescope Collaboration, 1399The Low Frequency Array, 1400The Low Frequency Array, 1401The Low Frequency Array, 1402The Low Frequency Array, 1403The Low Frequency Array, 1404The Low Frequency Array, 1405The MASTER Collaboration, 1406The MASTER Collaboration, 1407The MASTER Collaboration, 1408The MASTER Collaboration, 1409The MASTER Collaboration, 1410The MASTER Collaboration, 1411The MASTER Collaboration, 1412The MASTER Collaboration, 1413The MASTER Collaboration, 1414The MASTER Collaboration, 1415The MASTER Collaboration, 1416The MASTER Collaboration, 1417The MASTER Collaboration, 1418The MASTER Collaboration, 1419The MASTER Collaboration, 1420The MASTER Collaboration, 1421The MAXI Collaboration, 1422The MAXI Collaboration, 1423The MAXI Collaboration, 1424The MAXI Collaboration, 1425The MAXI Collaboration, 1426The MAXI Collaboration, 1427The MAXI Collaboration, 1428The MAXI Collaboration, 1429The MAXI Collaboration, 1430The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1431The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1432The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1433The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1434The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1435The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1436The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1437The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1438The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1439The Murchison Wide-field Array, 1440The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1441The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1442The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1443The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1444The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1445The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1446The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1447The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1448The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1449The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1450The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1451The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1452The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1453The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1454The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1455The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1456The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1457The Pan-STARRS Collaboration, 1458The PESSTO Collaboration, 1459The PESSTO Collaboration, 1460The PESSTO Collaboration, 1461The PESSTO Collaboration, 1462The PESSTO Collaboration, 1463The PESSTO Collaboration, 1464The PESSTO Collaboration, 1465The PESSTO Collaboration, 1466The PESSTO Collaboration, 1467The PESSTO Collaboration, 1468The PESSTO Collaboration, 1469The PESSTO Collaboration, 1470The PESSTO Collaboration, 1471The PESSTO Collaboration, 1472The PESSTO Collaboration, 1473The PESSTO Collaboration, 1474The PESSTO Collaboration, 1475The PESSTO Collaboration, 1476The PESSTO Collaboration, 1477The PESSTO Collaboration, 1478The PESSTO Collaboration, 1479The PESSTO Collaboration, 1480The PESSTO Collaboration, 1481The PESSTO Collaboration, 1482The PESSTO Collaboration, 1483The PESSTO Collaboration, 1484The Pi of the Sky Collaboration, 1485The Pi of the Sky Collaboration, 1486The Pi of the Sky Collaboration, 1487The Pi of the Sky Collaboration, 1488The Pi of the Sky Collaboration, 1489The Pi of the Sky Collaboration, 1490The SkyMapper Collaboration, 1491The SkyMapper Collaboration, 1492The SkyMapper Collaboration, 1493The SkyMapper Collaboration, 1494The SkyMapper Collaboration, 1495The Swift Collaboration, 1496The Swift Collaboration, 1497The Swift Collaboration, 1498The Swift Collaboration, 1499The Swift Collaboration, 1500The Swift Collaboration, 1501The Swift Collaboration, 1502The Swift Collaboration, 1503The Swift Collaboration, 1504The Swift Collaboration, 1505The Swift Collaboration, 1506The Swift Collaboration, 1507The Swift Collaboration, 1508The Swift Collaboration, 1509The TAROT, Zadko, Algerian National Observatory, and C2PU Collaboration, 1510The TAROT, Zadko, Algerian National Observatory, and C2PU Collaboration, 1511The TAROT, Zadko, Algerian National Observatory, and C2PU Collaboration, 1512The TOROS Collaboration, 1513The TOROS Collaboration, 1514The TOROS Collaboration, 1515The TOROS Collaboration, 1516The TOROS Collaboration, 1517The TOROS Collaboration, 1518The TOROS Collaboration, 1519The TOROS Collaboration, 1520The TOROS Collaboration, 1521The TOROS Collaboration, 1522The TOROS Collaboration, 1523The TOROS Collaboration, 1524The TOROS Collaboration, 1525The TOROS Collaboration, 1526The TOROS Collaboration, 1527The TOROS Collaboration, 1528The TOROS Collaboration, 1529The VISTA Collaboration, 1530The VISTA Collaboration, 1531The VISTA Collaboration, 1532The VISTA Collaboration, 1533The VISTA Collaboration, 1534The VISTA Collaboration, 1535The VISTA Collaboration, 1536The VISTA Collaboration, 1537The VISTA Collaboration, 1538The VISTA Collaboration, 1539The VISTA Collaboration, 1540The VISTA Collaboration, 1541The VISTA Collaboration, 1542The VISTA Collaboration, 1543The VISTA Collaboration, 1544The VISTA Collaboration, 1545The VISTA Collaboration, 1546The VISTA Collaboration, 1547The VISTA Collaboration

This Supplement provides supporting material for arXiv:1602.08492 . We briefly summarize past electromagnetic (EM) follow-up efforts as well as the organization and policy of the current EM follow-up program. Read More

We investigate the evolution of magnetic excitations in Sr$_3$Ru$_2$O$_7$ using a three band tight binding model that takes into account the influence of Mn and Ti dopant ions. The effect of dopant ions on the Sr$_3$Ru$_2$O$_7$ band structure has been included by taking into account the dopant induced suppression of the oxygen octahedral rotation in the tight binding band structure and changes in electron occupation. We find that the low energy spin fluctuations are dominated by three wave vectors around Q=$((0,0),(\pi/2,\pi/2))$, and $(\pi,0)$ which compete with each other. Read More

We study the robustness of active learning (AL) algorithms against prior misspecification: whether an algorithm achieves similar performance using a perturbed prior as compared to using the true prior. In both the average and worst cases of the maximum coverage setting, we prove that all $\alpha$-approximate algorithms are robust (i.e. Read More

We investigate the charge excitations of a Weyl semimetal in the axionic charge density wave (axionic CDW) state. While it has been shown that the topological response (anomalous Hall conductivity) is protected against the CDW state, we find that the long wavelength plasmon excitation is radically influenced by the dynamics of the CDW order parameter. In the normal state, we show that an undamped collective mode should exist at q~Q_(CDW) if there is an attractive interaction favoring the formation of the CDW state. Read More

Object handover is a basic, but essential capability for robots interacting with humans in many applications, e.g., caring for the elderly and assisting workers in manufacturing workshops. Read More

For the collapsar scenario to be effective in the production of Gamma Ray Bursts, the infalling star's angular momentum $J(r)$ must be larger than the critical angular momentum needed to form an accretion disk around a blackhole (BH), namely $J_{\rm crit} = 2r_{g}c$ for a Schwarzschild BH. By means of 3D SPH simulations, here we study the collapse and accretion onto black holes of spherical rotating envelopes, whose angular momentum distribution has transitions between supercritical ($J>J_{\rm crit}$) and subcritical ($JRead More

Flexible electronic devices require the integration of multiple crucial components on soft substrates to achieve their functions. In particular, memory devices are the fundamental component for data storage and processing in flexible electronics. Here, we present flexible MgO barrier magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) devices fabricated using a transfer printing process, which exhibit reliable and stable operation under substantial deformation of the device substrates. Read More