Victor Roy - CCNU

Victor Roy
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Victor Roy

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Nuclear Theory (24)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (15)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By Victor Roy

Relativistic hydrodynamics has been quite successful in explaining the collective behaviour of the QCD matter produced in high energy heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. We briefly review the latest developments in the hydrodynamical modeling of relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Essential ingredients of the model such as the hydrodynamic evolution equations, dissipation, initial conditions, equation of state, and freeze-out process are reviewed. Read More

We study the one-dimensional, longitudinally boost-invariant motion of an ideal fluid with infinite conductivity in the presence of a transverse magnetic field, i.e., in the ideal transverse magnetohydrodynamical limit. Read More

The initial energy density distribution and fluctuation in the transverse direction lead to anisotropic flows of final hadrons through collective expansion in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. Fluctuations along the longitudinal direction, on the other hand, can result in decorrelation of anisotropic flows in different regions of pseudo rapidity ($\eta$). Decorrelation of the $2$nd and $3$rd order anisotropic flows with different $\eta$ gaps for final charged hadrons in high-energy heavy-ion collisions is studied in an event-by-event (3+1)D ideal hydrodynamic model with fully fluctuating initial conditions from A Multi-Phase Transport (AMPT) model. Read More

We estimate the event-by-event (e-by-e) distribution of the ratio ($\sigma$) of the magnetic field energy to the fluid energy density in the transverse plane of Au-Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV. A Monte-Carlo (MC) Glauber model is used to calculate the $\sigma$ in the transverse plane for impact parameter b=0, 12 fm at time $\tau_i\sim$0.5 fm. Read More

We have calculated the temperature dependence of shear $\eta$ and bulk $\zeta$ viscosities of quark matter due to quark-meson fluctuations. The quark thermal width originating from quantum fluctuations of quark-$\pi$ and quark-$\sigma$ loops at finite temperature is calculated with the formalism of real-time thermal field theory. Temperature-dependent constituent-quark and meson masses, and quark-meson couplings are obtained in the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. Read More

In the initial stage of relativistic heavy-ion collisions, strong magnetic fields appear due to the large velocity of the colliding charges. The evolution of these fields appears as a novel and intriguing feature in the fluid-dynamical description of heavy-ion collisions. In this work, we study analytically the one-dimensional, longitudinally boost-invariant motion of an ideal fluid in the presence of a transverse magnetic field. Read More

Fluctuations in the initial transverse energy-density distribution lead to anisotropic flows as observed in central high-energy heavy-ion collisions. Studies of longitudinal fluctuations of the anisotropic flows can shed further light on the initial conditions and dynamical evolution of the hot quark-gluon matter in these collisions. Correlations between anisotropic flows with varying pseudorapidity gaps in Pb+Pb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider are investigated using both an event-by-event (3+1)-D ideal hydrodynamical model with fluctuating initial conditions and the a multiphase transport (AMPT) Monte Carlo model for high-energy heavy-ion collisions. Read More

Centrality dependence of charged particles multiplicity, transverse momentum spectra, integrated and differential elliptic flow, in $\sqrt{s}_{NN}$=200 GeV Au+Au collisions are analyzed using event by event ideal hydrodynamics. Monte-Carlo Glauber model of initial condition, constrained to reproduce experimental charged particle's multiplicity in 0-10% Au+Au collisions, reasonably well reproduces all the experimental observables, e.g. Read More

The experimentally measured elliptic ($v_{2}$) and hexadecapole ($v_{4}$) flow of charged particles as a function of transverse momentum ($p_{T}$) at midrapidity in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV are compared with the relativistic viscous hydrodynamic model simulations. The simulations are carried out for two different initial energy density profiles obtained from (i) Glauber model, and (ii) Color Glass Condensate (CGC) model. Read More

In heavy ion collisions, event-by-event fluctuations in participating nucleon positions can lead to triangular flow. Generally, one uses Monte-Carlo Glauber model to obtain the participating nucleon positions. To use in a hydrodynamic model, the positions needs to be smoothened. Read More

Simulated results from a 2+1D relativistic viscous hydrodynamic model have been compared to the experimental data on the centrality dependence of invariant yield, elliptic flow ($v_{2}$), and hexadecapole flow ($v_{4}$) as a function of transverse momentum ($p_{T}$) of charged hadrons in Au-Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm {NN}}}$ = 200 GeV. Results from two types of initial transverse energy density profile, one based on the Glauber model and other based on Color-Glass-Condensate (CGC) are presented. We observe no difference in the simulated results on the invariant yield of charged hadrons for the calculations with different initial conditions. Read More

The effect of a temperature dependent bulk viscosity to entropy density ratio~($\zeta/s$) along with a constant shear viscosity to entropy density ratio~($\eta/s$) on the space time evolution of the fluid produced in high energy heavy ion collisions have been studied in a relativistic viscous hydrodynamics model. The boost invariant Israel-Stewart theory of causal relativistic viscous hydrodynamics is used to simulate the evolution of the fluid in 2 spatial and 1 temporal dimension. The dissipative correction to the freezeout distribution for bulk viscosity is calculated using Grad's fourteen moment method. Read More

We study the variation of elliptic flow of thermal dileptons with transverse momentum and invariant mass of the pairs for Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV. The dilepton productions from quark gluon plasma (QGP) and hot hadrons have been considered including the spectral change of light vector mesons in the thermal bath. Read More

We have studied the effect of nonzero bulk viscosity with peak near the lattice QCD predicted crossover temperature $T_{co}\sim 175 MeV$ on charged particle transverse momentum spectra and elliptic flow. The Israel-Stewart theory of 2nd order causal dissipative relativistic fluid dynamics is used to simulate the space time evolution of the matter formed in Au-Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV assuming longitudinal boost invariance. A systematic comparison of temperature, transverse velocity, spatial and momentum anisotropy evolution of the ideal, bulk and shear viscous fluid has been carried out. Read More

In the Israel-Stewart's theory of second order hydrodynamics, we have simulated $\sqrt{s}$=2.76 TeV Pb+Pb collisions. ALICE data for the centrality dependence of charged particles multiplicity, $p_T$ spectra in 0-5% collisions, centrality dependence of integrated and differential elliptic flow are analysed. Read More

In Israel-Stewart's theory of dissipative hydrodynamics, we have analyzed the recent ALICE data for the centrality dependence of charged particle multiplicity, centrality dependence of integrated elliptic flow and 0-5% charged particles $p_T$ spectra in $\sqrt{s}_{NN}$=2.76 TeV Pb+Pb collisions and determined the initial or the thermalisation time. Analysis indicate that the ALICE data disfavor very early thermalsiation $\tau_i$=0. Read More

Mapping the QCD phase boundary and locating critical end point still remains as an open problem in strong interaction physics. Predictions about the co-ordinates of the critical point in the $(T, \mu_B)$ plane, from different QCD motivated models show a wide variation. Lattice QCD calculations are also available, that give an estimation of the critical point for chiral phase transition, where the transition changes its nature from rapid cross over to first order transition. Read More

We show that if the hadronic resonance gas (HRG), with viscosity to entropy ratio $\eta/s\approx$0.24, is physical at temperature $T\approx$220 MeV, charged particles $p_T$ spectra and elliptic flow in Au+Au collisions at RHIC, over a wide range of collision centrality do not distinguish between initial QGP fluid and initial hadronic resonance gas. Unambiguous identification of bulk of the matter produced in Au+Au collisions require clear demonstration that HRG is unphysical at temperature $T<$200 MeV. Read More

Charged particles $p_T$ spectra and elliptic flow in 0-60% Au+Au collisions at RHIC are analyzed in a hydrodynamic model with hot, hadronic resonance gas in the initial state. Physically conceivable hadronic resonance gas, thermalized in the time scale $\tau_i$=1 fm, at a (central) temperature $T_i$=220 MeV, with viscosity to entropy ratio $\eta/s$=0.24, reasonably well explains $p_T$ spectra in all the collision centralities. Read More

In an ideal hydrodynamic model, with an equation of state where the confinement-deconfinement transition is a cross-over at $T_{co}=196 MeV$, we have simulated $\sqrt{s}$=200 GeV Au+Au collisions. Simultaneous description of the experimental charged particle's $p_T$ spectra and elliptic flow require that in central (0-10%) Au+Au collisions, initial energy density scales with the binary collision number density. In less central collisions, experimental data demand scaling with the participant density. Read More

Assuming that in Au+Au collisions, a baryon free fluid is produced, transverse momentum spectra of identified particles ($\pi$, $K$, $p$ and $\phi$), in evolution of ideal and viscous fluid is studied. Hydrodynamic evolution is governed by a lattice based equation of state (EOS), where the confinement-deconfinement transition is a cross-over at $T_{co}$=196 MeV. Ideal or viscous fluid was initialised to reproduce $\phi$ meson multiplicity in 0-5% Au+Au collisions. Read More

In a boost-invariant hydrodynamic model, we have analyzed $\phi$ meson production in Pb+Pb and Au+Au collisions, in the centre of mass energy range $\sqrt{s}$= 6-200 GeV. Hydrodynamic evolution is governed by a lattice based equation of state with a confinement-deconfinement {\em cross over} at $T_{co}$=196 MeV. We also look for the threshold energy above which the confined matter undergoes a deconfinement transition. Read More

At Large Hadron Collider energy, the expected large multiplicities suggests the presence of collective behavior even in pp collisions. A hydrodynamical approach has been applied to estimate the expected elliptic flow measured by the azimuthal asymmetry parameter $v_2$, in pp collisions at $\surd$s = 14 TeV. $v_2$ of $\pi^-$ is found to be strongly dependent on the parton density profile inside a proton [e. Read More

In jet quenching, a hard QCD parton, before fragmenting into a jet of hadrons, deposits a fraction of its energy in the medium. As the parton moves nearly with speed of light, much greater that the speed of sound of the medium, quenching jet can generate Mach shock wave. We have examined the possibility of Mach shock wave formation due to jet quenching. Read More