V. Pleitez - IFT-Unesp

V. Pleitez
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V. Pleitez

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (47)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (8)
High Energy Physics - Theory (7)
Astrophysics (5)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
Physics - Physics Education (2)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
Quantum Physics (1)
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Physics - General Physics (1)

Publications Authored By V. Pleitez

We consider here three dark matter models with the gauge symmetry of the standard model plus an additional local $U(1)_D$ factor. One model is truly secluded and the other two models begin flipped, but end up secluded. All of these models include one dark fermion and one vector boson that gains mass via the Stueckelberg mechanism. Read More

We propose four left-right symmetric extensions of several chiral 3-3-1 models. Although they have some common features they also have important difference due to different representation content. Read More

We build a supersymmetric version with $SU(3)_C\otimes SU(2)_L\otimes U(1)_{Y^\prime}\otimes U(1)_{B-L}$ gauge symmetry, where $Y^\prime$ is a new charge and $B$ and $L$ are the usual baryonic and leptonic numbers. The model has three right-handed neutrinos with identical $B-L$ charges, and can accommodate all fermion masses at the tree level. In particular, the type-I seesaw mechanism is implemented for the generation of the active neutrino masses. Read More

We calculate the electric dipole moment (EDM) for the neutron in the framework of the minimal 3-3-1 model. We assume that the only source of $CP$ violation arises from a complex trilinear coupling constant and two complex vacuum expectation values. However, from the constraint equations obtained from the potential, only one physical phase remains. Read More

We consider the minimal 3-3-1 model with three sterile neutrinos transforming as singlet under the $SU(3)_L\otimes U(1)_X$ symmetry. This model, with or without sterile neutrinos, predicts flavor violating interactions in both quark and lepton sectors, since all the charged fermions mass matrices can not be assumed diagonal in any case. Here we accommodate the lepton masses and the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakawaga-Sakata matrix at the same time, and as consequence the Yukawa couplings and the unitary matrices which diagonalize the mass matrices are not free parameters anymore. Read More

We calculate, in the context of a 3-3-1 model with heavy charged leptons, constraints on some parameters of the extra particles in the model by imposing that their contributions to both the electron and muon $(g-2)$ factors are in agreement with experimental data up to 1$\sigma$-3$\sigma$. In order to obtain realistic results we use some of the possible solutions of the left- and right- unitary matrices that diagonalize the lepton mass matrices, giving the observed lepton masses and at the same time allowing to accommodate the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata (PMNS) mixing matrix. We show that, at least up to 1-loop order, in the particular range of the space parameter that we have explored, it is not possible to fit the observed electron and muon $(g-2)$ factors at the same time unless one of the extra leptons has a mass of the order of 20-40 GeVs and the energy scale of the 331 symmetry to be of around 60-80 TeVs. Read More

We consider in the 3-3-1 model with heavy leptons the box contributions to the mass difference in $K$ and $B$ neutral mesons induced by neutral (pseudo)scalars, exotic charged quarks, singly and doubly charged scalar and gauge bosons. In particular, we include the effects of a real scalar with mass near 125 GeV but with non-diagonal couplings to quarks. We show that, as in the tree level case, there are ranges of the parameters in which these contributions can be enough suppressed by negative interference among several amplitudes. Read More

We consider the angular momentum of two massless fields using the Landau's arguments. In particular, we point out the explicit and implicit assumptions made by Landau to obtain the proof that a spin one system cannot decay into two photons. We show also under what conditions the result can be avoided. Read More

We consider the minimal 3-3-1 model with a heavy scalar sextet and realize, at the tree level, an effective dimension-five interaction that contributes to the mass of the charged leptons. In this case the charged leptons masses arise from a sort of type-II seesawlike mechanism while the neutrino masses are generated by a type-I mechanism. We also show that the parameters giving the correct lepton masses also accommodate the Pontecorvo-Maki-Nakawaga-Sakata matrix. Read More

We propose to investigate a secluded WIMP dark matter model consisting of neutral fermions as the dark matter candidate and a Proca-Wentzel (PW) field as a mediator. In the model that we consider here, dark matter WIMPs interact with standard model (SM) particles only through the PW field of ~ MeV -- multi-GeV mass particles. The interactions occur via an U(1)' mediator, V_{\mu}', which couples to the SM by kinetic mixing with U(1) hypercharge bosons, B_{\mu}. Read More

We calculate the electric dipole moment for the electron and neutron in the framework of the 3-3-1 model with heavy charged leptons. We assume that the only source of $CP$ violation arises from a complex trilinear coupling constant and the three complex vacuum expectation values. However, two of the vacua phases are absorbed and the other two are equal up to a minus sign. Read More

We consider the decays $h\to\gamma\gamma,\gamma Z$ in the context of an extension of the standard model with two inert doublets and an additional $S_3$ symmetry. This model has contributions for these processes through new charged scalar-loops. Comparing our $h\to\gamma\gamma$ with the more precise available experimental data we can predict the behaviour of $h\to\gamma Z$ due that they depend on the same parameters, our estimation for this channel is 1. Read More

We study a two scalar inert doublet model (IDMS$_3$) which is stabilized by a $S_3$ symmetry. We consider two scenarios: i) two of the scalars in each charged sector are mass degenerated due to a residual $Z_2$ symmetry, ii) there is no mass degeneracy because of the introduction of soft terms that break the $Z_2$ symmetry. We show that both scenarios provide good dark matter candidates for some range of parameters. Read More

We show that in the minimal 3-3-1 model the flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) do not impose necessarily strong constraints on the mass of the $Z^\prime$ of the model if we also consider the neutral scalar contributions to such processes, like the neutral mesons mass difference and rare semileptonic decays. We first obtain numerical values for all the mixing matrices of the model i.e. Read More

We present an analysis of the solar neutrino data in the context of a quasi-Dirac neutrino model in which the lepton mixing matrix is given at tree level by the tribimaximal matrix. When radiative corrections are taken into account, new effects in neutrino oscillations, as $\nu_e \to \nu_s$, appear. This oscillation is constrained by the solar neutrino data. Read More

We consider a three Higgs doublet model with an $S_3$ symmetry in which beside the SM-like doublet there are two fermiophobic doublets. Due to the new charged scalars there is an enhancement in the two-photon decay while the other channels have the same decay widths that the SM neutral Higgs. The fermiophobic scalars are mass degenerated unless soft terms breaking the $S_3$ symmetry are added. Read More

We consider an extension of the standard model (SM) with three $SU(2)$ scalar doublets and a discrete $S_3\otimes \mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetries. The irreducible representation of $S_3$ has a singlet and a doublet, and here we show that the singlet corresponds to the SM-like Higgs and the two additional $SU(2)$ doublets forming a $S_3$ doublet are inert. In general, in a three scalar doublet model, with or without $S_3$ symmetry, the diagonalization of the mass matrices implies arbitrary unitary matrices. Read More

In a recently proposed multi-Higgs extension of the standard model in which discrete symmetries, $A_4$ and $Z_3$ are imposed we show that, after accommodating the fermion masses and the mixing matrices in the charged currents, the mixing matrices in the neutral currents induced by neutral scalars are numerically obtained. However, the flavor changing neutral currents are under control mainly by mixing and/or mass suppressions in the neutral scalar sector. Read More

In a model with $B-L$ gauge symmetry, right-handed neutrinos may have exotic local $B-L$ charge assignment: two of them with $B-L=-4$ and the other one having $B-L=5$. Then, it is natural to accommodate the right-handed neutrinos with the same $B-L$ charge in a doublet of the discrete $S_3$ symmetry, and the third one in a singlet. If the Yukawa interactions involving right-handed neutrinos are invariant under $S_3$, the quasi-Dirac neutrino scheme arise naturally in this model. Read More

We worked out in detail the three-Higgs-doublet extension of the standard model when the $A_4$ symmetry, which is imposed to solve the flavor problem, is extended to the scalar sector. The three doublets may be related to the fermion mass generation and, in particular, they may be the unique responsible for the generation of the neutrino masses. If this is the case, the respective VEVs have to be quite smaller than the electroweak scale if no fine tuning in the Yukawa couplings is assumed. Read More

We implement a schizophrenic scenario for the active neutrinos in a model in which there are also exotic right-handed neutrinos making a model with a local U(1)_(B-L) anomaly free. Two of right-handed neutrinos carry B-L=-4 while the third one carries B-L=5. Read More

Many extensions of the standard model predict the existence of extra neutral vector bosons, generically referred as $Z^\prime$. This boson may be discovered at the LHC but in this case it will be necessary to study the respective parameters in order to discriminate to which model it belongs to. This is a task for a much clean lepton linear collider as the future ILC. Read More

One way of avoiding the destabilization of the electroweak scale through a strong coupled regime naturally occurs in models with a Landau-like pole at the TeV scale. Hence, the quadratic divergence contributions to the scalar masses are not considered as a problem anymore since a new nonperturbative dynamic emerges at the TeV scale. This scale should be an intrinsic feature of the models and there is no need to invoke any other sort of protection for the electroweak scale. Read More

In this letter we propose a multi-Higgs extension of the standard model with Abelian and non-Abelian discrete symmetries in which the mass matrices of the charged fermions obtained from renormalizable interactions are diagonal. Corrections induced by non-renormalizable interactions deviate these matrices from the diagonal form. Active neutrinos acquire mass only from non-renormalizable interactions. Read More

We revisit, qualify, and objectively resolve the seemingly controversial question about what is the number of dimensional fundamental constants in Nature. For this purpose, we only assume that all we can directly measure are space and time intervals, and that this is enough to evaluate any physical observable. We conclude that the number of dimensional fundamental constants is two. Read More

We propose an SU(5) grand unified model with an invisible axion and the unification of the three coupling constants which is in agreement with the values, at $M_Z$, of $\alpha$, $\alpha_s$, and $\sin^2\theta_W$. A discrete, anomalous, $Z_{13}$ symmetry implies that the Peccei-Quinn symmetry is an automatic symmetry of the classical Lagrangian protecting, at the same time, the invisible axion against possible semi-classical gravity effects. Although the unification scale is of the order of the Peccei-Quinn scale the proton is stabilized by the fact that in this model the standard model fields form the SU(5) multiplets completed by new exotic fields and, also, because it is protected by the $Z_{13}$ symmetry. Read More

In this letter we consider that assuming: a) that the only left-handed neutral fermions are the active neutrinos, b) that $B-L$ is a gauge symmetry, and c) that the $L$ assignment is restricted to the integer numbers, the anomaly cancellation imply that at least three right-handed neutrinos must be added to the minimal representation content of the electroweak standard model. However, two types of models arise: i) the usual one where each of the three identical right-handed neutrinos has total lepton number L=1; ii) and the other one in which two of them carry L=4 while the third one carries $L=-5$. Read More

We show that the extension of the approximate custodial $SU(2)_{L+R}$ global symmetry to all the Yukawa interactions of the standard model Lagrangian implies the introduction of sterile right-handed neutrinos and the seesaw mechanism in this sector. In this framework, the observed quark and lepton masses may be interpreted as an effect of physics beyond the standard model. The mechanism used for breaking this symmetry in the Yukawa sector could be different from the one at work in the vector boson sector. Read More

We show that some models with $SU(3)_C\otimes SU(3)_L\otimes U(1)_X$ gauge symmetry can be realized at the electroweak scale and that this is a consequence of an approximate global $SU(2)_{L+R}$ symmetry. This symmetry implies a condition among the vacuum expectation value of one of the neutral Higgs scalars, the $U(1)_X$'s coupling constant, $g_X$, the sine of the weak mixing angle $\sin\theta_W$, and the mass of the $W$ boson, $M_W$. In the limit in which this symmetry is valid it avoids the tree level mixing of the $Z$ boson of the Standard Model with the extra $Z^\prime$ boson. Read More

We show that in 3-3-1 models there exist a natural relation among the $SU(3)_L$ coupling constant $g$, the electroweak mixing angle $\theta_W$, the mass of the $W$, and one of the vacuum expectation values, which implies that those models can be realized at low energy scales and, in particular, even at the electroweak scale. So that, being that symmetries realized in Nature, new physics may be really just around the corner. Read More

We consider a model with soft CP violation which accommodate the CP violation in the neutral kaons even if we assume that the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing matrix is real and the sources of CP violation are three complex vacuum expectation values and a trilinear coupling in the scalar potential. We show that for some reasonable values of the masses and other parameters the model allows to explain all the observed CP violation processes in the $K^0$-$\bar{K}^0$ system. Read More

We show that in any invisible axion model due to the effects of effective non-renormalizable interactions related to an energy scale near the Peccei-Quinn, grand unification or even the Planck scale, active neutrinos necessarily acquire masses in the sub-eV range. Moreover, if sterile neutrinos are also included and if appropriate cyclic $Z_N$ symmetries are imposed, it is possible that some of these neutrinos are heavy while others are light. Read More

We show that in SU(3)_C X SU(3)_L X U(1)_N (3-3-1) models embedded with a singlet scalar playing the role of the axion, after imposing scale invariance, dynamical symmetry breaking of Peccei-Quinn symmetry occurs through the one-loop effective potential for the singlet field. We, then, analyze the structure of spontaneous symmetry breaking by studying the new scalar potential for the model, and verify that electroweak symmetry breaking is tightly connected to the 3-3-1 breaking by the strong constraints among their vacuum expectation values. This offers a valuable guide to write down the correct pattern of symmetry breaking for multi-scalar theories. Read More

Some 3-3-1 models predict the existence of a non-perturbative regime at the TeV scale. We study in these models, and their supersymmetric extensions, the energy at which the non-perturbative limit and a Landau-like pole arise. An order of magnitude for the mass of the extra neutral vector boson, $Z^\prime$, present in these models is also obtained. Read More

We show that in an $SU(2)\otimes U(1)$ model with a DSF-like invisible axion it is possible to obtain (i) the convergence of the three gauge coupling constants at an energy scale near the Peccei-Quinn scale; (ii) the correct value for $\sin^2\hat{\theta}_W(M_Z)$; (iii) the stabilization of the proton by the cyclic $Z_{13}\otimes Z_3$ symmetries which also stabilize the axion as a solution to the strong CP problem. Concerning the convergence of the three coupling constants and the prediction of the weak mixing angle at the $Z$-peak, this model is as good as the minimal supersymmetric standard model with $\mu_{\rm SUSY}=M_Z$. We also consider the standard model with six and seven Higgs doublets. Read More

We consider the supersymmetric extension of the 3-3-1 model with right-handed neutrinos. We study the mass spectra in the scalar and pseudoscalar sectors, and for a given set of the input parameters, we find that the lightest scalar in the model has a mass of 130 GeV and the lightest pseudoscalar has mass of 5 GeV. However, this pseudoscalar decouples from the $Z^0$ at high energy scales since it is almost a singlet under $SU(2)_L\otimes U(1)_Y$. Read More

By introducing local $Z_N$ symmetries with $N=11,13$ in two 3-3-1 models, it is possible to implement an automatic Peccei-Quinn symmetry, keeping the axion protected against gravitational effects at the same time. Both models have a $Z_2$ domain wall problem and the neutrinos are strictly Dirac particles. Read More

We show that by introducing appropriate local $Z_N(N\geq13)$ symmetries in electroweak models it is possible to implement an automatic Peccei-Quinn symmetry keeping at the same time the axion protected against gravitational effects. Although we consider here only an extension of the standard model and a particular 3-3-1 model, the strategy can be used in any kind of electroweak model. An interesting feature of this 3-3-1 model is that if: {\it i)} we add right-handed neutrinos, {\it ii)} the conservation of the total lepton number, and {\it iii)} a $Z_2$ symmetry, the $Z_{13}$ and the chiral Peccei-Quinn $U(1)_{\rm PQ}$ are both accidental symmetries in the sense that they are not imposed on the Lagrangian but they are just the consequence of the particle content of the model, its gauge invariance, renormalizability and Lorentz invariance. Read More

We show that by imposing local $Z_{13}\otimes Z_3$ symmetries in an $SU(2)\otimes U(1)$ electroweak model we can implement an invisible axion in such a way that (i) the Peccei-Quinn symmetry is an automatic symmetry of the classical Lagrangian; and (ii) the axion is protected from semi classical gravitational effects. In order to be able to implement such a large discrete symmetry, and at the same time allow a general mixing in each charge sector, we introduce right-handed neutrinos and enlarge the scalar sector of the model. The domain wall problem is briefly considered. Read More

We consider the Schwinger's method of angular momentum addition using the SU(2) algebra with both a fermionic and a bosonic oscillator. We show that the total spin states obtained are: one boson singlet state and an arbitrary number of spin-1/2 states, the later ones are energy degenerate. It means that we have in this case supersymmetric quantum mechanics and also the addition of angular momentum for massless particles. Read More

The goal of this article is to outline the advantages of the measurement of left-right asymmetries in lepton-lepton ($l^{-}l^{-}\to l^{-}l^{-}$) scattering for performing precision measurements of $\sin^2 \theta_W$ and the discovery of ``new physics''. Read More

We show that in 3-3-1 models it is possible to implement an extremely flat scalar potential, i.e., a zero contribution to the cosmological constant, and still having realistic values for the masses of the scalar Higgs fields. Read More

Some years ago it was shown by Ma that in the context of the electroweak standard model there are, at the tree level, only three ways to generate small neutrino masses by the see-saw mechanism via one effective dimension-five operator. Here we extend this approach to 3-3-1 chiral models showing that in this case there are several dimension-five operators and we also consider their tree level realization. Read More

We consider the mass generation for both charginos and neutralinos in a 3-3-1 supersymmetric model. We show that R-parity breaking interactions leave the electron and one of the neutrinos massless at the tree level. However the same interactions induce masses for these particles at the 1-loop level. Read More

In this work, using the fact that in 3-3-1 models the same leptonic bilinear contributes to the masses of both charged leptons and neutrinos, we develop an effective operator mechanism to generate mass for all leptons. The effective operators have dimension five for the case of charged leptons and dimension seven for neutrinos. By adding extra scalar multiplets and imposing the discrete symmetry $Z_9\otimes Z_2$ we are able to generate realistic textures for the leptonic mixing matrix. Read More

What can we learn from solar neutrino observations? Is there any solution to the solar neutrino anomaly which is favored by the present experimental panorama? After SNO results, is it possible to affirm that neutrinos have mass? In order to answer such questions we analyze the current available data from the solar neutrino experiments, including the recent SNO result, in view of many acceptable solutions to the solar neutrino problem based on different conversion mechanisms, for the first time, using the same statistical procedure. This allows us to do a direct comparison of the goodness of the fit among different solutions, from which we can discuss and conclude on the current status of each proposed dynamical mechanism. These solutions are based on different assumptions: (a) neutrino mass and mixing, (b) non-vanishing neutrino magnetic moment, (c) the existence of non-standard flavor-changing and non-universal neutrino interactions and (d) the tiny violation of the equivalence principle. Read More

Taking into account that neutrinos are massive particles and that they are produced mainly as states of negative helicity, we show that the neutral and charged current interactions change these neutrinos into transversally polarized states. This implies a considerable reduction of the neutrino flux when propagating through ordinary matter (electrons, protons and neutrons). The same happens when neutrinos propagate through the sea of relic neutrinos if these neutrinos are degenerate fermions. Read More


We present a critical analysis of what is called Relational Mechanics, as it has been presented in a book thus entitled, which has been recently reviewed in this journal. Read More

In a version of the 3-3-1 model proposed by Duong and Ma the introduction of the scalar sextet for giving mass to the charged leptons is avoided by adding a singlet charged lepton. We show that in this case the $\tau$ lepton gains mass through a seesaw--like mechanism. Besides we show how to generate neutrino masses at the tree and at the 1-loop level with the respective Maki-Nakagawa-Sakata leptonic mixing matrices. Read More

We build the complete supersymmetric version of a 3-3-1 gauge model using the superfield formalism. We point out that a discrete symmetry, similar to the R-symmetry in the minimal supersymmetric standard model, is possible to be defined in this model. Hence we have both R-conserving and R-violating possibilities. Read More