V. Lyubovitskij - Tuebingen University

V. Lyubovitskij
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Name
V. Lyubovitskij
Affiliation
Tuebingen University
City
Tübingen
Country
Germany

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (46)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (9)
 
Nuclear Theory (4)
 
Nuclear Experiment (3)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)

Publications Authored By V. Lyubovitskij

We calculate the invariant and helicity amplitudes for the transitions $\Lambda_b~\to~\Lambda^{(\ast)}(J^P)~+~J/\psi$ where the $\Lambda^{(\ast)}(J^P)$ are $\Lambda(sud)$-type ground and excited states with $J^P$ quantum numbers $J^P=\frac12^{\pm},\frac32^{\pm}$. The calculations are performed in the framework of a covariant confined quark model previously developed by us. We find that the values of the helicity amplitudes for the $\Lambda^\ast(1520,\,\frac32^-)$ and the $\Lambda^\ast(1890,\,\frac32^+)$ are suppressed compared with those for the ground state $\Lambda(1116,\,\frac12^+)$ and the excited state $\Lambda^\ast(1405,\,\frac12^-)$. Read More

We suggest a description of the beam asymmetry in $p \bar p$ and $\Lambda \bar \Lambda$ photoproduction off the proton $\vec\gamma + p \to p \bar p + p$ and $\vec\gamma + p \to \Lambda \bar\Lambda + p$ which takes into account the contribution of the scalar mesons $f_0(1370)$, $f_0(1500)$ and $f_0(1710)$. These scalars are considered as mixed states of a glueball, nonstrange and strange quarkonia. Our framework is based on the use of effective hadronic Lagrangians which phenomenologically take into account two-gluon exchange effects governing the $\vec\gamma + p \to p \bar p \, (\Lambda \bar\Lambda) + p$ processes. Read More

In high energy experiments such as active beam dump searches for rare decays and missing energy events, the beam purity is a crucial parameter. In this paper we present a technique to reject heavy charged particle contamination in the 100 GeV electron beam of the H4 beam line at CERN SPS. The method is based on the detection with BGO scintillators of the synchrotron radiation emitted by the electrons passing through a bending dipole magnet. Read More

2017Mar
Authors: SHiP collaboration, A. Akmete, A. Alexandrov, A. Anokhina, S. Aoki, E. Atkin, N. Azorskiy, J. J. Back, A. Bagulya, A. Baranov, G. J. Barker, A. Bay, V. Bayliss, G. Bencivenni, A. Y. Berdnikov, Y. A. Berdnikov, M. Bertani, C. Betancourt, I. Bezshyiko, O. Bezshyyko, D. Bick, S. Bieschke, A. Blanco, J. Boehm, M. Bogomilov, K. Bondarenko, W. M. Bonivento, A. Boyarsky, R. Brenner, D. Breton, R. Brundler, M. Bruschi, V. Büscher, A. Buonaura, S. Buontempo, S. Cadeddu, A. Calcaterra, M. Campanelli, J. Chauveau, A. Chepurnov, M. Chernyavsky, K. -Y. Choi, A. Chumakov, P. Ciambrone, G. M. Dallavalle, N. D'Ambrosio, G. D'Appollonio, G. De Lellis, A. De Roeck, M. De Serio, L. Dedenko, A. Di Crescenzo, N. Di Marco, C. Dib, H. Dijkstra, V. Dmitrenko, D. Domenici, S. Donskov, A. Dubreuil, J. Ebert, T. Enik, A. Etenko, F. Fabbri, L. Fabbri, O. Fedin, G. Fedorova, G. Felici, M. Ferro-Luzzi, R. A. Fini, P. Fonte, C. Franco, T. Fukuda, G. Galati, G. Gavrilov, S. Gerlach, L. Golinka-Bezshyyko, D. Golubkov, A. Golutvin, D. Gorbunov, S. Gorbunov, V. Gorkavenko, Y. Gornushkin, M. Gorshenkov, V. Grachev, E. Graverini, V. Grichine, A. M. Guler, Yu. Guz, C. Hagner, H. Hakobyan, E. van Herwijnen, A. Hollnagel, B. Hosseini, M. Hushchyn, G. Iaselli, A. Iuliano, R. Jacobsson, M. Jonker, I. Kadenko, C. Kamiscioglu, M. Kamiscioglu, M. Khabibullin, G. Khaustov, A. Khotyantsev, S. H. Kim, V. Kim, Y. G. Kim, N. Kitagawa, J. -W. Ko, K. Kodama, A. Kolesnikov, D. I. Kolev, V. Kolosov, M. Komatsu, N. Konovalova, M. A. Korkmaz, I. Korol, I. Korol'ko, A. Korzenev, S. Kovalenko, I. Krasilnikova, K. Krivova, Y. Kudenko, V. Kurochka, E. Kuznetsova, H. M. Lacker, A. Lai, G. Lanfranchi, O. Lantwin, A. Lauria, H. Lebbolo, K. Y. Lee, J. -M. Lévy, V. Likacheva, L. Lopes, V. Lyubovitskij, J. Maalmi, A. Magnan, V. Maleev, A. Malinin, A. Mefodev, P. Mermod, S. Mikado, Yu. Mikhaylov, D. A. Milstead, O. Mineev, A. Montanari, M. C. Montesi, K. Morishima, S. Movchan, N. Naganawa, M. Nakamura, T. Nakano, A. Novikov, B. Obinyakov, S. Ogawa, N. Okateva, P. H. Owen, A. Paoloni, B. D. Park, L. Paparella, A. Pastore, M. Patel, D. Pereyma, D. Petrenko, K. Petridis, D. Podgrudkov, V. Poliakov, N. Polukhina, M. Prokudin, A. Prota, A. Rademakers, F. Ratnikov, T. Rawlings, M. Razeti, F. Redi, S. Ricciardi, T. Roganova, A. Rogozhnikov, H. Rokujo, G. Rosa, T. Rovelli, O. Ruchayskiy, T. Ruf, V. Samoylenko, A. Saputi, O. Sato, E. S. Savchenko, W. Schmidt-Parzefall, N. Serra, A. Shakin, M. Shaposhnikov, P. Shatalov, T. Shchedrina, L. Shchutska, V. Shevchenko, H. Shibuya, A. Shustov, S. B. Silverstein, S. Simone, M. Skorokhvatov, S. Smirnov, J. Y. Sohn, A. Sokolenko, N. Starkov, B. Storaci, P. Strolin, S. Takahashi, I. Timiryasov, V. Tioukov, N. Tosi, D. Treille, R. Tsenov, S. Ulin, A. Ustyuzhanin, Z. Uteshev, G. Vankova-Kirilova, F. Vannucci, P. Venkova, S. Vilchinski, M. Villa, K. Vlasik, A. Volkov, R. Voronkov, R. Wanke, J. -K. Woo, M. Wurm, S. Xella, D. Yilmaz, A. U. Yilmazer, C. S. Yoon, Yu. Zaytsev

The SHiP experiment is designed to search for very weakly interacting particles beyond the Standard Model which are produced in a 400 GeV/c proton beam dump at the CERN SPS. An essential task for the experiment is to keep the Standard Model background level to less than 0.1 event after $2\times 10^{20}$ protons on target. Read More

2017Jan
Authors: GlueX Collaboration, H. Al Ghoul, E. G. Anassontzis, A. Austregesilo, F. Barbosa, A. Barnes, T. D. Beattie, D. W. Bennett, V. V. Berdnikov, T. Black, W. Boeglin, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, B. E. Cannon, O. Chernyshov, E. Chudakov, V. Crede, M. M. Dalton, A. Deur, S. Dobbs, A. Dolgolenko, M. Dugger, R. Dzhygadlo, H. Egiyan, P. Eugenio, C. Fanelli, A. M. Foda, J. Frye, S. Furletov, L. Gan, A. Gasparian, A. Gerasimov, N. Gevorgyan, K. Goetzen, V. S. Goryachev, L. Guo, H. Hakobyan, J. Hardin, A. Henderson, G. M. Huber, D. G. Ireland, M. M. Ito, N. S. Jarvis, R. T. Jones, V. Kakoyan, M. Kamel, F. J. Klein, R. Kliemt, C. Kourkoumeli, S. Kuleshov, I. Kuznetsov, M. Lara, I. Larin, D. Lawrence, W. I. Levine, K. Livingston, G. J. Lolos, V. Lyubovitskij, D. Mack, P. T. Mattione, V. Matveev, M. McCaughan, M. McCracken, W. McGinley, J. McIntyre, R. Mendez, C. A. Meyer, R. Miskimen, R. E. Mitchell, F. Mokaya, K. Moriya, F. Nerling, G. Nigmatkulov, N. Ochoa, A. I. Ostrovidov, Z. Papandreou, M. Patsyuk, R. Pedroni, M. R. Pennington, L. Pentchev, K. J. Peters, E. Pooser, B. Pratt, Y. Qiang, J. Reinhold, B. G. Ritchie, L. Robison, D. Romanov, C. Salgado, R. A. Schumacher, C. Schwarz, J. Schwiening, A. Yu. Semenov, I. A. Semenova, K. K. Seth, M. R. Shepherd, E. S. Smith, D. I. Sober, A. Somov, S. Somov, O. Soto, N. Sparks, M. J. Staib, J. R. Stevens, I. I. Strakovsky, A. Subedi, V. Tarasov, S. Taylor, A. Teymurazyan, I. Tolstukhin, A. Tomaradze, A. Toro, A. Tsaris, G. Vasileiadis, I. Vega, N. K. Walford, D. Werthmuller, T. Whitlatch, M. Williams, E. Wolin, T. Xiao, J. Zarling, Z. Zhang, B. Zihlmann, V. Mathieu, J. Nys

We report measurements of the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the reactions $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\pi^0$ and $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\eta $ from the GlueX experiment using a 9 GeV linearly-polarized, tagged photon beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target in Jefferson Lab's Hall D. The asymmetries, measured as a function of the proton momentum transfer, possess greater precision than previous $\pi^0$ measurements and are the first $\eta$ measurements in this energy regime. The results are compared with theoretical predictions based on $t$-channel, quasi-particle exchange and constrain the axial-vector component of the neutral meson production mechanism in these models. Read More

Using the present upper bound on the neutron electric dipole moment, we give an estimate for the upper limit of the CP-violating couplings of the eta(eta') to the nucleon. Using this result, we then derive constraints on the CP-violating eta(eta')-pi-pi couplings, which define the two-pion CP-violating decays of the eta and eta' mesons. Our results are relevant for the running and planned measurements of rare decays of the eta and eta' mesons by the GlueX Collaboration at JLab and the LHCb Collaboration at CERN. Read More

The basic shape of di-pion mass spectra in the two-pion transitions of both charmonia and bottomonia states is explained by an unified mechanism based on contributions of the $\pi\pi$, $K\overline{K}$ and $\eta\eta$ coupled channels including their interference. The role of the individual $f_0$ resonances in shaping the di-pion mass distributions in the charmonia and bottomonia decays is considered. Read More

It is shown that the basic shape of dipion mass distributions in the two-pion transitions of both charmonia and bottomonia states are explained by an unified mechanism based on the contribution of the $\pi\pi$, $K\overline{K}$ and $\eta\eta$ coupled channels including their interference. Read More

Continuing with our analysis of parton distributions in the nucleon, we extend our light-front quark model in order to obtain both the helicity independent and helicity dependent parton distributions, analytically matching the results of global fits at the initial scale $\mu \sim 1$ GeV, and which also contain the correct Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi evolution. We also calculate the transverse parton, Wigner and Husimi distributions from a unified point of view, using our light-front wave functions and expressing them in terms of the parton distributions $q_v(x)$ and $\delta q_v(x)$. Our results are very relevant for the current and future program of the COMPASS experiment at SPS (CERN). Read More

We study the exclusive double-photon annihilation processes, $e^+ e^- \to \gamma \gamma^\ast\to \gamma V^0$ and $e^+ e^- \to \gamma^\ast \gamma^\ast \to V^0_a V^0_b,$ where the $V^0_i$ is a neutral vector meson produced in the forward kinematical region: $s \gg -t$ and $-t \gg \Lambda_{\rm QCD}^2$. We show how the differential cross sections $\frac{d\sigma}{dt}$, as predicted by QCD, have additional falloff in the momentum transfer squared $t$ due to the QCD compositeness of the hadrons, consistent with the leading-twist fixed-$\theta_{\rm CM} $ scaling laws. However, even though they are exclusive channels and not associated with the conventional electron-positron annihilation process $e^+ e^- \to \gamma^\ast \to q \bar q,$ these total cross sections $\sigma(e^+ e^- \to \gamma V^0) $ and $\sigma(e^+ e^- \to V^0_a V^0_b),$ integrated over the dominant forward- and backward-$\theta_{\rm CM}$ angular domains, scale as $1/s$, and thus contribute to the leading-twist scaling behavior of the ratio $R_{e^+ e^-}$. Read More

The mini-proceedings of the 18$^{\mathrm{th}}$ Meeting of the "Working Group on Radiative Corrections and MonteCarlo Generators for Low Energies" held in Frascati, 19$^{\mathrm{th}}$ - 20$^{\mathrm{st}}$ May, are presented. These meetings, started in 2006, have as aim to bring together experimentalists and theoreticians working in the fields of meson transition form factors, hadronic contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the leptons, and the effective fine structure constant. The development of MonteCarlo generators and Radiative Corrections for precision $e^+e^-$ and $\tau$-lepton physics are also covered, with emphasis on meson production. Read More

2016Aug
Authors: Jim Alexander, Marco Battaglieri, Bertrand Echenard, Rouven Essig, Matthew Graham, Eder Izaguirre, John Jaros, Gordan Krnjaic, Jeremy Mardon, David Morrissey, Tim Nelson, Maxim Perelstein, Matt Pyle, Adam Ritz, Philip Schuster, Brian Shuve, Natalia Toro, Richard G Van De Water, Daniel Akerib, Haipeng An, Konrad Aniol, Isaac J. Arnquist, David M. Asner, Henning O. Back, Keith Baker, Nathan Baltzell, Dipanwita Banerjee, Brian Batell, Daniel Bauer, James Beacham, Jay Benesch, James Bjorken, Nikita Blinov, Celine Boehm, Mariangela Bondí, Walter Bonivento, Fabio Bossi, Stanley J. Brodsky, Ran Budnik, Stephen Bueltmann, Masroor H. Bukhari, Raymond Bunker, Massimo Carpinelli, Concetta Cartaro, David Cassel, Gianluca Cavoto, Andrea Celentano, Animesh Chaterjee, Saptarshi Chaudhuri, Gabriele Chiodini, Hsiao-Mei Sherry Cho, Eric D. Church, D. A. Cooke, Jodi Cooley, Robert Cooper, Ross Corliss, Paolo Crivelli, Francesca Curciarello, Annalisa D'Angelo, Hooman Davoudiasl, Marzio De Napoli, Raffaella De Vita, Achim Denig, Patrick deNiverville, Abhay Deshpande, Ranjan Dharmapalan, Bogdan Dobrescu, Sergey Donskov, Raphael Dupre, Juan Estrada, Stuart Fegan, Torben Ferber, Clive Field, Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano, Alessandra Filippi, Bartosz Fornal, Arne Freyberger, Alexander Friedland, Iftach Galon, Susan Gardner, Francois-Xavier Girod, Sergei Gninenko, Andrey Golutvin, Stefania Gori, Christoph Grab, Enrico Graziani, Keith Griffioen, Andrew Haas, Keisuke Harigaya, Christopher Hearty, Scott Hertel, JoAnne Hewett, Andrew Hime, David Hitlin, Yonit Hochberg, Roy J. Holt, Maurik Holtrop, Eric W. Hoppe, Todd W. Hossbach, Lauren Hsu, Phil Ilten, Joe Incandela, Gianluca Inguglia, Kent Irwin, Igal Jaegle, Robert P. Johnson, Yonatan Kahn, Grzegorz Kalicy, Zhong-Bo Kang, Vardan Khachatryan, Venelin Kozhuharov, N. V. Krasnikov, Valery Kubarovsky, Eric Kuflik, Noah Kurinsky, Ranjan Laha, Gaia Lanfranchi, Dale Li, Tongyan Lin, Mariangela Lisanti, Kun Liu, Ming Liu, Ben Loer, Dinesh Loomba, Valery E. Lyubovitskij, Aaron Manalaysay, Giuseppe Mandaglio, Jeremiah Mans, W. J. Marciano, Thomas Markiewicz, Luca Marsicano, Takashi Maruyama, Victor A. Matveev, David McKeen, Bryan McKinnon, Dan McKinsey, Harald Merkel, Jeremy Mock, Maria Elena Monzani, Omar Moreno, Corina Nantais, Sebouh Paul, Michael Peskin, Vladimir Poliakov, Antonio D Polosa, Maxim Pospelov, Igor Rachek, Balint Radics, Mauro Raggi, Nunzio Randazzo, Blair Ratcliff, Alessandro Rizzo, Thomas Rizzo, Alan Robinson, Andre Rubbia, David Rubin, Dylan Rueter, Tarek Saab, Elena Santopinto, Richard Schnee, Jessie Shelton, Gabriele Simi, Ani Simonyan, Valeria Sipala, Oren Slone, Elton Smith, Daniel Snowden-Ifft, Matthew Solt, Peter Sorensen, Yotam Soreq, Stefania Spagnolo, James Spencer, Stepan Stepanyan, Jan Strube, Michael Sullivan, Arun S. Tadepalli, Tim Tait, Mauro Taiuti, Philip Tanedo, Rex Tayloe, Jesse Thaler, Nhan V. Tran, Sean Tulin, Christopher G. Tully, Sho Uemura, Maurizio Ungaro, Paolo Valente, Holly Vance, Jerry Vavra, Tomer Volansky, Belina von Krosigk, Andrew Whitbeck, Mike Williams, Peter Wittich, Bogdan Wojtsekhowski, Wei Xue, Jong Min Yoon, Hai-Bo Yu, Jaehoon Yu, Tien-Tien Yu, Yue Zhang, Yue Zhao, Yiming Zhong, Kathryn Zurek

This report, based on the Dark Sectors workshop at SLAC in April 2016, summarizes the scientific importance of searches for dark sector dark matter and forces at masses beneath the weak-scale, the status of this broad international field, the important milestones motivating future exploration, and promising experimental opportunities to reach these milestones over the next 5-10 years. Read More

We examine the four-quark structure of the recently discovered charged $Z_c(3900)$, $Z(4430)$, and $X_b(5568)$ states. We calculate the widths of the strong decays $Z_c^+ \to J/\psi \pi^+$ ($\eta_c\rho^+$, $\bar D^0D^{\ast\,+}$, $\bar D^{\ast\,0}D^+$), $Z(4430)^+ \to J/\psi \pi^+$ ($\psi(2s) \pi^+$), and $X^+_b\to B_s\pi^+$ within a covariant quark model previously developed by us. We find that the tetraquark-type current widely used in the literature for the $Z_c(3900)$ leads to a significant suppression of the $\bar D D^\ast$ and $\bar D^\ast D$ modes. Read More

We present a study of the isospin-violating one-pion strong decays of single heavy tetraquarks $X_Q = X(s q \bar q \bar Q)$, $Q=c, b$, and $q=u, d$ with spin-parity $J^P = 0^+$. We assume that the tetraquarks have the configuration of a color diquark and a antidiquark. Three mechanisms of isospin violation can contribute to the decay rate: (1) mixing of the $X(s u \bar u \bar Q)$ and $X(s d \bar d \bar Q)$ tetraquark currents, (2) an explicit $m_d-m_u$ quark mass difference in the quark diagrams describing the corresponding decay transitions and (3) $\pi^0-\eta$ mixing in the final state. Read More

We present results for the isotriplet and isosinglet tensor form factors of the nucleon in the relativistic confined quark model. The model allows us to calculate not only their normalizations at $Q^2=0$ and the related tensor charges, but also the full $Q^2$-dependence. Our results are compared to existing data and predictions of other theoretical approaches. Read More

We apply a soft-wall AdS/QCD approach to the description of deuteron structure functions and tensor polarized properties. Present work is a completion of our previous study on electromagnetic form factors. By the appropriate choice of two couplings in the effective action we are able to reproduce both the form factors and structure functions in full consistency with model-independent constraints set by perturbative QCD. Read More

We suggest a theoretical framework for the description of double photon and proton-antiproton photoproduction off the proton gamma + p -> 2 gamma + p and gamma + p -> antip + p + p which takes into account the contribution of the scalar mesons f0(1370), f0(1500) and f0(1710). These scalars are considered as mixed states of a glueball and nonstrange and strange quarkonia. Our framework is based on the use of effective hadronic Lagrangians that phenomenologically take into account two-gluon exchange effects governing the gamma + p -> 2 gamma + p and gamma + p -> antip + p + p processes. Read More

We present precise theoretical predictions for the absolute branching fractions of $\Lambda_c^+ \to \Lambda \ell^+ \nu_\ell\,(\ell=e,\mu)$ decays in the covariant confined quark model. This study is motivated by two recent and accurate measurements of the absolute branching fractions of $\Lambda_c^+ \to p K^- \pi^+$ and $\Lambda_c^+ \to \Lambda e^+ \nu_e$ by the Belle Collaboration at the KEKB and by the BESIII Collaboration at the BEPCII. Our predictions for the branching fractions are consistent with both experimental results. Read More

We give predictions for the nonperturbative (intrinsic) contribution to the $s(x) - \bar{s}(x)$ asymmetry of the nucleon sea. For this purpose we use different light-front wave functions inspired by the AdS/QCD formalism, together with a model of the nucleon in terms of meson-baryon fluctuations. The holographic wave functions for an arbitrary number of constituents, recently derived by us, give results quite close to known parametrizations that appear in the literature. Read More

Recently the ATLAS Collaboration at CERN reported on the measurement of the branching ratio R(Lambda_b) = Gamma(Lambda_b(0) -> psi(2S) Lambda(0))/Gamma(Lambda_b(0) -> J/psi Lambda(0)). The measured branching ratio R(Lambda_b) = 0.501 pm 0. Read More

We analyze the tauonic semileptonic baryon decays $\Lambda^0_b \to \Lambda^+_c + \tau^{-} +\bar \nu_{\tau}$ with particular emphasis on the lepton helicity flip contributions which vanish for zero lepton masses. We calculate the total rate, differential decay distributions, the longitudinal and transverse polarization components of the $\Lambda^+_c$ and the $\tau^-$, and the lepton-side forward-backward asymmetries. We use the covariant confined quark model to provide numerical results on these observables. Read More

We predict the values for baryon forward spin polarizabilities in fully covariant ChPT and including the virtual contributions of the spin-3/2 states. As the nucleon results are in good agreement with the experimental data and they do not depend on renormalization schemes, we extend the calculations to the hyperon sector. Read More

The effect of isoscalar S-wave processes $\pi\pi\to\pi\pi,K\overline{K},\eta\eta$ is considered in the analysis of data (from the ARGUS, CLEO, CUSB, Crystal Ball, Belle, BABAR collaborations) on the bottomonia decays --- $\Upsilon(mS)\to\Upsilon(nS)\pi\pi$ ($m>n, m=2,3,4,5, n=1,2,3$). It is shown that the dipion mass spectra of these decays are explained by the unified mechanism related to the contribution of the multichannel $\pi\pi$ scattering in the final states of these reactions. Since in the analysis the multichannel $\pi\pi$-scattering amplitudes did not change in comparison with the ones in our combined analysis of data on the multichannel $\pi\pi$ scattering and on the charmonia decays --- $J/\psi\to\phi(\pi\pi, K\overline{K})$ and $\psi(2S)\to J/\psi(\pi\pi)$ (from the Crystal Ball, DM2, Mark II, Mark III, and BES II) --- the results confirm all our earlier conclusions on the scalar mesons. Read More

We present the calculation of the hyperon forward spin polarizability gamma0 using manifestly Lorentz covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory including the intermediate contribution of the spin 3/2 states. As at the considered order the extraction of gamma0 is a pure prediction of chiral perturbation theory, the obtained values are a good test for this theory. After including explicitly the decuplet states, our SU(2) results have a very good agreement with the experimental data and we extend our framework to SU(3) to give predictions to the hyperons' gamma0 values. Read More

We present a unified analysis of the decays of bottomonia Upsilon(mS) -> Upsilon(nS) pi pi (m>n, m=2,3,4,5, n=1,2,3), charmonia J/psi -> phi (pi pi, K antiK), psi(2S) -> J/psi pi pi and the isoscalar S-wave processes pi pi -> pi pi, K antiK, eta eta. In this analysis we extend our recent study of low-lying (m=2,3) radial excitations of bottomonia to modes involving higher (m=4,5) excited states. Similarly as for the data on lower radial excitations, we confirm that the data for higher radially excited states from the BaBar and Belle collaborations can be described under conditions that the final bottomonium is a spectator and the multichannel pi pi scattering is considered in a model-independent approach based on analyticity, unitarity and the uniformization procedure. Read More

2015Apr
Authors: SHiP Collaboration, M. Anelli, S. Aoki, G. Arduini, J. J. Back, A. Bagulya, W. Baldini, A. Baranov, G. J. Barker, S. Barsuk, M. Battistin, J. Bauche, A. Bay, V. Bayliss, L. Bellagamba, G. Bencivenni, M. Bertani, O. Bezshyyko, D. Bick, N. Bingefors, A. Blondel, M. Bogomilov, A. Boyarsky, D. Bonacorsi, D. Bondarenko, W. Bonivento, J. Borburgh, T. Bradshaw, R. Brenner, D. Breton, N. Brook, M. Bruschi, A. Buonaura, S. Buontempo, S. Cadeddu, A. Calcaterra, M. Calviani, M. Campanelli, C. Capoccia, A. Cecchetti, A. Chatterjee, J. Chauveau, A. Chepurnov, M. Chernyavskiy, P. Ciambrone, C. Cicalo, G. Conti, K. Cornelis, M. Courthold, M. G. Dallavalle, N. D'Ambrosio, G. De Lellis, M. De Serio, L. Dedenko, A. Di Crescenzo, N. Di Marco, C. Dib, J. Dietrich, H. Dijkstra, D. Domenici, S. Donskov, D. Druzhkin, J. Ebert, U. Egede, A. Egorov, V. Egorychev, M. A. El Alaoui, T. Enik, A. Etenko, F. Fabbri, L. Fabbri, G. Fedorova, G. Felici, M. Ferro-Luzzi, R. A. Fini, M. Franke, M. Fraser, G. Galati, B. Giacobbe, B. Goddard, L. Golinka-Bezshyyko, D. Golubkov, A. Golutvin, D. Gorbunov, E. Graverini, J-L Grenard, A. M. Guler, C. Hagner, H. Hakobyan, J. C. Helo, E. van Herwijnen, D. Horvath, M. Iacovacci, G. Iaselli, R. Jacobsson, I. Kadenko, M. Kamiscioglu, C. Kamiscioglu, G. Khaustov, A. Khotjansev, B. Kilminster, V. Kim, N. Kitagawa, K. Kodama, A. Kolesnikov, D. Kolev, M. Komatsu, N. Konovalova, S. Koretskiy, I. Korolko, A. Korzenev, S. Kovalenko, Y. Kudenko, E. Kuznetsova, H. Lacker, A. Lai, G. Lanfranchi, A. Lauria, H. Lebbolo, J. -M. Levy, L. Lista, P. Loverre, A. Lukiashin, V. E. Lyubovitskij, A. Malinin, M. Manfredi, A. Perillo-Marcone, A. Marrone, R. Matev, E. N. Messomo, P. Mermod, S. Mikado, Yu. Mikhaylov, J. Miller, D. Milstead, O. Mineev, R. Mingazheva, G. Mitselmakher, M. Miyanishi, P. Monacelli, A. Montanari, M. C. Montesi, G. Morello, K. Morishima, S. Movtchan, V. Murzin, N. Naganawa, T. Naka, M. Nakamura, T. Nakano, N. Nurakhov, B. Obinyakov, K. Ocalan, S. Ogawa, V. Oreshkin, A. Orlov, J. Osborne, P. Pacholek, J. Panman, A. Paoloni, L. Paparella, A. Pastore, M. Patel, K. Petridis, M. Petrushin, M. Poli-Lener, N. Polukhina, V. Polyakov, M. Prokudin, G. Puddu, F. Pupilli, F. Rademakers, A. Rakai, T. Rawlings, F. Redi, S. Ricciardi, R. Rinaldesi, T. Roganova, A. Rogozhnikov, H. Rokujo, A. Romaniouk, G. Rosa, I. Rostovtseva, T. Rovelli, O. Ruchayskiy, T. Ruf, G. Saitta, V. Samoylenko, V. Samsonov, A. Sanz Ull, A. Saputi, O. Sato, W. Schmidt-Parzefall, N. Serra, S. Sgobba, M. Shaposhnikov, P. Shatalov, A. Shaykhiev, L. Shchutska, V. Shevchenko, H. Shibuya, Y. Shitov, S. Silverstein, S. Simone, M. Skorokhvatov, S. Smirnov, E. Solodko, V. Sosnovtsev, R. Spighi, M. Spinetti, N. Starkov, B. Storaci, C. Strabel, P. Strolin, S. Takahashi, P. Teterin, V. Tioukov, D. Tommasini, D. Treille, R. Tsenov, T. Tshchedrina, A. Ustyuzhanin, F. Vannucci, V. Venturi, M. Villa, Heinz Vincke, Helmut Vincke, M. Vladymyrov, S. Xella, M. Yalvac, N. Yershov, D. Yilmaz, A. U. Yilmazer, G. Vankova-Kirilova, Y. Zaitsev, A. Zoccoli

A new general purpose fixed target facility is proposed at the CERN SPS accelerator which is aimed at exploring the domain of hidden particles and make measurements with tau neutrinos. Hidden particles are predicted by a large number of models beyond the Standard Model. The high intensity of the SPS 400~GeV beam allows probing a wide variety of models containing light long-lived exotic particles with masses below ${\cal O}$(10)~GeV/c$^2$, including very weakly interacting low-energy SUSY states. Read More

2015Apr

This paper describes the physics case for a new fixed target facility at CERN SPS. The SHiP (Search for Hidden Particles) experiment is intended to hunt for new physics in the largely unexplored domain of very weakly interacting particles with masses below the Fermi scale, inaccessible to the LHC experiments, and to study tau neutrino physics. The same proton beam setup can be used later to look for decays of tau-leptons with lepton flavour number non-conservation, $\tau\to 3\mu$ and to search for weakly-interacting sub-GeV dark matter candidates. Read More

The effect of isoscalar S-wave multichannel pi pi -> pi pi, K antiK, eta eta scattering is considered in the analysis of decay data of the Upsilon-mesons. We show that when allowing for the final state interaction contribution to the decays Upsilon(mS) -> Upsilon(nS) pi pi (m>n, m=2,3, n=1,2) in our model-independent approach, we can explain the two-pion energetic spectra of these Upsilon transitions including the two-humped shape of the di-pion mass distribution in Upsilon(3S) -> Upsilon(1S) pi pi as the coupled-channel effect. It is shown also that the considered bottomia decay data do not offer new insights into the nature of the f0 mesons, which were not already deduced in our previous analyses of pseudoscalar meson scattering data. Read More

Recently there has been much interest in the tauonic semileptonic meson decays B -> D + tau + nu_tau and B -> D* + tau + nu_tau where one has found larger rates than what is predicted by the Standard Model. We analyze the corresponding semileptonic baryon decays Lambda_b(0) -> Lambda_c(+) + tau(-) + antinu_tau with particular emphasis on the lepton helicity flip and scalar contributions which vanish for zero lepton masses. We calculate the total rate, differential decay distributions, the longitudinal and transverse polarization of the daughter baryon Lambda_c(+) and the tau-lepton, and the lepton-side forward-backward asymmetries. Read More

We study a scenario allowing a solution of the strong charge parity problem via the Peccei-Quinn mechanism, implemented in gravity with torsion. In this framework there appears a torsion-related pseudoscalar field known as Kalb-Ramond axion. We compare it with the so-called Barbero-Immirzi axion recently proposed in the literature also in the context of the gravity with torsion. Read More

We present a high-quality description of the deuteron electromagnetic form factors in a soft-wall AdS/QCD approach. We first propose an effective action describing the dynamics of the deuteron in the presence of an external vector field. Based on this action the deuteron electromagnetic form factors are calculated, displaying the correct 1/Q^10 power scaling for large Q^2 values. Read More

Using global fits of valence u and d quark parton distributions and data on quark and nucleon form factors in the Euclidean region, we derive a light-front quark model for the nucleon structure consistent with quark counting rules. Read More

We derive the lowest-order $q\bar q$ valence light-front wave function for the pion with Lz=0 and |Lz|=1, which reproduces its valence parton distribution and the electromagnetic form factor consistent with data. Read More

We present a detailed analysis of the heavy-to-light semileptonic decays of the Lambda_b and Lambda_c baryons Lambda_b -> p l- bar(nu)_l and Lambda_c -> n l+ nu_l in the covariant confined quark model. We calculate the invariant and helicity amplitudes of the two processes which are then used to analyze their angular decay distributions, their rates and asymmetry parameters. Read More

We derive a light-front Schrodinger-type equation of motion for the quark-antiquark wave function of heavy quarkonia imposing constraints from the holographic soft-wall model. Read More

We provide a new insight into the problem of generating the hadron mass spectrum in the framework of the covariant confined quark model. One of the underlying principles of this model is the compositeness condition which means that the wave function renormalization constant of the elementary hadron is equal to zero. In particular, this equation allows to express the Yukawa coupling of the meson fields to the constituent quarks as a function of other model parameters. Read More

The effect of isoscalar S-wave multi-channel pion-pion scattering ($\pi\pi\to\pi\pi,K\bar{K},\eta\eta$) is considered in the analysis of data on decays of the $\Upsilon$-meson family -- $\Upsilon(2S)\to\Upsilon(1S)\pi\pi$, $\Upsilon(3S)\to\Upsilon(1S)\pi\pi$ and $\Upsilon(3S)\to\Upsilon(2S)\pi\pi$. The analysis, which aims at studying the scalar mesons, is performed jointly considering the multi-channel pion-pion scattering, which is described in our model-independent approach based on analyticity and unitarity and using an uniformizing variable method, and the charmonium decay processes $J/\psi\to\phi(\pi\pi, K\bar{K})$, $\psi(2S)\to J/\psi(\pi\pi)$. Results of the analysis confirm all our earlier conclusions on the scalar mesons. Read More

The newly observed hidden-charm meson Zc(3900) with quantum numbers J(P) = 1(+) is considered as a hadronic molecule composed of DD*. We give detailed predictions for the decay modes Zc(+) -> J/psi + pi(+) + gamma and Zc(+) -> J/psi + pi(+) + l(+) + l(-) (l = e, mu) in a phenomenological Lagrangian approach. Read More

The annihilation process p bar(p) -> p D0 bar(Lambda)_c(2286) is studied taking into account t-channel D0, D*0 meson exchange and the resonance contribution of Lambda_c(2286) and Lambda_c(2940) baryons. We assume that the Lambda_c(2940) baryon is a pD*0 molecular state with spin-parity (1/2)+ and (1/2)-. Our results show that near the threshold of p bar(p) -> Lambda_c(2286) bar(Lambda)_c(2286) the contribution from the intermediate state Lambda_c(2940) is also sizeable and can be observed at the PANDA experiment. Read More

We apply a phenomenological Lagrangian approach to the radiative decay Y(4260) -> X(3872) + gamma. The Y(4260) and X(3872) resonances are considered as composite states containing both molecular hadronic and charmonium components. Having a leading molecular component in the X(3872) and a sole molecular configuration for the Y(4260) results in a prediction compatible with present data. Read More

The $f_0$ mesons are studied in a combined analysis of data on the isoscalar S-wave processes $\pi\pi\to\pi\pi,K\overline{K},\eta\eta$ and on decays $J/\psi\to\phi(\pi\pi, K\overline{K})$, $\psi(2S)\to J/\psi(\pi\pi)$, and $\Upsilon(2S)\to\Upsilon(1S)\pi\pi$ from the Argus, Crystal Ball, CLEO, CUSB, DM2, Mark II, Mark III, and BES II collaborations. The method of analysis, based on analyticity and unitarity and using an uniformization procedure, is set forth with some details. Some spectroscopic implications from results of the analysis are discussed. Read More

In present work the Y(4260) resonance is considered as a weakly bound state of a pseudoscalar D and an axial D1 charm meson. We consider the two-body decay Y(4260) -> Zc(3900) + pi where Zc(3900) is treated as hadron molecule as well. Moreover we compute the Y(4260) decay modes J/psi pi(+) pi(-), recently observed by the BESIII Collaboration, and psi(2S) pi(+) pi(-). Read More

We calculate the invariant and helicity amplitudes for the nonleptonic decay Lambda_b -> Lambda + J/psi, psi(2S) in the covariant confined quark model. We discuss joint angular decay distributions in the cascade decay Lambda_b -> Lambda(-> p pi-) + J/psi, psi(2S) (-> l+ l-) and calculate some of the asymmetry parameters that characterize the joint angular decay distribution. We confirm expectations from the naive quark model that the transitions into the lambda_Lambda=1/2 helicity states of the daughter baryon Lambda are strongly suppressed leading to a near maximal negative polarization of the Lambda. Read More

A relativistic light-front quark model is used to describe both the elastic nucleon and nucleon-Roper transition form factors in a large Q2 range, up to 35 GeV2 for the elastic and up to 12 GeV2 for the resonance case. Relativistic three-quark configurations satisfying the Pauli exclusion principle on the light-front are used for the derivation of the current matrix elements. The Roper resonance is considered as a mixed state of a three-quark core configuration and a molecular N+sigma hadron component. Read More

We study the helicity-independent generalized parton distributions of nucleons in the zero skewness case, based on a particular light-front quark model derived in a soft-wall AdS/QCD approach. Read More

The two newly observed hidden-charm mesons Zc(+)[3900] and a possible partner state Zc'(+)[3950] with quantum numbers J(P) = 1(+) are considered as hadronic molecules composed of bar(D)D* and bar(D)* D*, respectively. We give predictions for the decay widths of the strong two-body transitions Zc(+) -> H + pi(+) and Zc' -> H + pi(+) with H = Psi(nS), hc(mP) in a phenomenological Lagrangian approach. Read More

We propose a phenomenological light-front wave function for hadrons with arbitrary twist-dimension (mesons, baryons and multiquark states), which gives the correct scaling behavior of structure functions (parton distributions) and form factors for pions and nucleons. For other hadronic states the proposed wave function produces form factors consistent with quark counting rules, and gives predictions for structure functions (parton distributions). As an application we build a light-front quark model for nucleons based on the proposed wave function. Read More

We revisit the status of Lepton Flavor Violating (LFV) \mu e qq contact interactions from the view point of \mu - e -conversion in nuclei. We consider their contribution to this LFV process via the two mechanisms on the hadronic level: direct nucleon and meson exchange ones. In the former case the quarks are embedded directly into the nucleons while in the latter in mesons which then interact with nucleons in a nucleus. Read More

Using the covariant constituent quark model previously developed by us we calculate the differential rate and the forward-backward asymmetries on the lepton and hadron side for the rare baryon decays Lambda_b -> Lambda l+ l- (l=e, mu, tau) and Lambda_b -> Lambda gamma. We use helicity methods to write down a three-fold joint angular decay distribution for the cascade decay Lambda_b -> Lambda (-> p pi-) + J_eff (-> l+ l-). Through appropriate angular integrations we obtain expressions for the rates, the lepton-side forward-backward (FB) asymmetry and the polarization of the daughter baryon Lambda leading to a hadron-side forward-backward asymmetry. Read More