V. K. Magas - - University of Bergen, Norway;

V. K. Magas
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Name
V. K. Magas
Affiliation
- University of Bergen, Norway;
City
Bergen
Country
Norway

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Nuclear Theory (36)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (21)
 
Nuclear Experiment (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)

Publications Authored By V. K. Magas

With various experiments studying heavy-ion collisions a demand exists in the hadron physics community for theoretical predictions of hadronic properties at temperatures and densities far from equilibrium. In this work we will study the $J/\psi$ vector meson at finite temperatures surrounded by light quark matter. We will apply a chiral unitary approach to account for coupled channels, most importantly channels with open charm. Read More

We present a study of the $S=-1$ meson-baryon interaction, employing a chiral SU(3) Lagrangian up to next-to-leading order (NLO) and implementing unitarization in coupled channels. The parameters of the model have been fitted to a large set of experimental scattering data in different two-body channels, to threshold branching ratios, and to the precise SIDDHARTA value of the energy shift and width of kaonic hidrogen. In contrast to other groups, we have taken into consideration the $K^- p\to K^+\Xi^-, K^0\Xi^0$ reaction data, since we found in a previous work to be especially sensitive to the NLO parameters of the chiral Lagrangian. Read More

The KL2016 Workshop is following the Letter of Intent LoI12-15-001 "Physics Opportunities with Secondary KL beam at JLab" submitted to PAC43 with the main focus on the physics of excited hyperons produced by the Kaon beam on unpolarized and polarized targets with GlueX setup in Hall D. Such studies will broaden a physics program of hadron spectroscopy extending it to the strange sector. The Workshop was organized to get a feedback from the community to strengthen physics motivation of the LoI and prepare a full proposal. Read More

In this review we give a perspective of the theoretical work done recently on the interpretation of results from $B$, $D$, $\Lambda_b$, $\Lambda_c$ weak decays into final states that contain interacting hadrons, and how it is possible to obtain additional valuable information that is increasing our understanding of hadron interactions and the nature of many hadronic resonances. The novelty of these processes is that one begins with a clean picture at the quark level which allows one to select the basic mechanisms by means of which the process proceeds. Finally, one has a final state described in terms of quarks. Read More

The hidden charm pentaquark state $P_c(4450)$ observed recently by the LHCb collaboration may be of molecular nature, as advocated by some unitary approaches that also predict pentaquark partners in the strangeness $S=-1$ sector. In this work we argue that a hidden-charm strange pentaquark could be seen from the decay of the $\Lambda_b$, just as in the case of the non-strange $P_c(4450)$, but looking into the $J/\psi \eta \Lambda$ decay mode and forming the invariant mass spectrum of $J/\psi\Lambda$ pairs. In the model presented here, which assumes a standard weak decay topology and incorporates the hadronization process and final state interaction effects, we find the $J/\psi \eta \Lambda$ final states to be populated with similar strength as the $J/\psi K^- p$ states employed for the observation of the non-strange pentaquark. Read More

We study the weak decay of the $\Lambda_b$ into $ J/\psi ~ K ~ \Xi$ and $J/\psi ~ \eta ~ \Lambda$ states, and relate these processes to the $\Lambda_b \to J/\psi ~ \bar K ~N$ decay mode. The elementary weak transition at the quark level proceeds via the creation of a $J/\psi$ meson and an excited $sud$ system with $I=0$, which upon hadronization leads to $\bar K N$ or $\eta \Lambda$ pairs. These states undergo final state interaction in coupled channels and produce a final meson-baryon pair. Read More

The meson-baryon interaction in s-wave in the strangeness S=-1 sector has been studied, employing a chiral SU(3) Lagrangian up to next-to-leading order (NLO) and implementing unitarization in coupled channels. The parameters of the Lagrangian have been fitted to a large set of experimental data in different two-body channels, paying special attention to the $\bar{K} N \rightarrow K \Xi$ reaction, which is particularly sensitive to the NLO terms. With the aim of improving the model in the $K\Xi$ production channels, effects of the high spin hyperon resonances $\Sigma(2030)$ and $\Sigma(2250)$ have been taken into account phenomenologically. Read More

We study the meson-baryon interaction in S-wave in the strangeness S=-1 sector using a chiral unitary approach based on a next-to-leading order chiral SU(3) Lagrangian. We fit our model to the large set of experimental data in different two-body channels. We pay particular attention to the $\bar{K} N \rightarrow K \Xi$ reaction, where the effect of the next-to-leading order terms in the Lagrangian are sufficiently large to be observed, since at tree level the cross section of this reaction is zero. Read More

The meson-baryon interactions in s-wave in the strangeness S=-1 sector are studied using a chiral unitarity approach based on the next-to-leading order chiral SU(3) Lagrangian. The model is fitted to the large set of experimental data in different two-body channels. Particular attention is paid to the $\Xi$ hyperon production reaction, $\bar{K} N \rightarrow K \Xi$, where the effect of the next-to-leading order terms in the Lagrangian play a crucial role, since the cross section of this reaction at tree level is zero. Read More

The vorticity development is studied in the reaction plane of peripheral relativistic heavy ion reactions where the initial state has substantial angular momentum. The earlier predicted rotation effect and Kelvin Helmholtz Instability, lead to significant initial vorticity and circulation. In low viscosity QGP this vorticity remains still significant at the time of freeze out of the system, even if damping due to the explosive expansion and the dissipation decreases the vorticity and circulation. Read More

It has been shown in recent ALICE@LHC measurements that the odd flow harmonics, in particular a directed flow, v1, occurred to be weak and dominated by random fluctuations. In this work we propose a new method, which makes the measurements more sensitive to the flow patterns showing global collective symmetries. We demonstrate how the longitudinal center of mass rapidity fluctuations can be identified, and then the collective flow analysis can be performed in the event-by-event center of mass frame. Read More

We present a model that realizes both resonance-Regge (Veneziano) and parton-hadron (Bloom-Gilman) duality. We first review the features of the Veneziano model and we discuss how parton-hadron duality appears in the Bloom-Gilman model. Then we review limitations of the Veneziano model, namely that the zero-width resonances in the Veneziano model violate unitarity and Mandelstam analyticity. Read More

The production of phi mesons in proton collisions with C, Cu, Ag, and Au targets has been studied via the phi -> K+K- decay at an incident beam energy of 2.83 GeV using the ANKE detector system at COSY. For the first time, the momentum dependence of the nuclear transparency ratio, the in-medium phi width, and the differential cross section for phi meson production at forward angles have been determined for these targets over the momentum range of 0. Read More

In this talk we report on selected topics on hadrons in nuclei. The first topic is the renormalization of the width of the $\Lambda(1520)$ in a nuclear medium. This is followed by a short update of the situation of the $\omega$ in the medium. Read More

Substantial collective flow is observed in collisions between Lead nuclei at LHC as evidenced by the azimuthal correlations in the transverse momentum distributions of the produced particles. Our calculations indicate that the Global v1-flow, which at RHIC peaked at negative rapidities (named as 3rd flow component or anti-flow), now at LHC is going to turn toward forward rapidities (to the same side and direction as the projectile residue). Potentially this can provide a sensitive barometer to estimate the pressure and transport properties of the Quark-Gluon Plasma. Read More

Exclusive J/\Psi photo- and electroproduction is studied in the framework of the analytic S-matrix theory. The differential and integrated elastic cross sections are calculated using the Modified Dual Amplitude with Mandelstam Analyticity (M-DAMA) model. The model is applied to the description of the available experimantal data and proves to be valid in a wide region of the kinematical variables s, t, and Q^2. Read More

The key question of this letter is whether the K-nucleus optical potential is deep, as it is prefered by the phenomenological fits to kaonic atoms data, or shallow, as it comes out from unitary chiral model calculations. The current experimental situation is reviewed. Read More

A dual-Regge model with a nonlinear proton Regge trajectory in the missing mass channel, describing the experimental data on low-mass single diffraction dissociation, is constructed. Predictions for the LHC energies are given. Read More

We review recent claims of the existence of deeply bound kaonic states in nuclei. Also we study in details the (K-,p) reaction on C12 with 1 GeV/c momentum kaon beam, based on which a deep kaon nucleus optical potential was claimed in [1]. In our Monte Carlo simulation of this reaction we include not only the quasi-elastic K- p scattering, as in [1], but also K- absorption by one and two nucleons followed by the decay of the hyperon in pi N, which can also produce strength in the region of interest. Read More

We consider an idealized situation where the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP) is described by a perfect, 3+1 dimensional fluid dynamic model starting from an initial state and expanding until a final state where freeze-out and/or hadronization takes place. We study the entropy production with attention to effects of (i) numerical viscosity, (ii) late stages of flow where the Bag Constant and the partonic pressure are becoming similar, (iii) and the consequences of final freeze-out and constituent quark matter formation. Read More

Heavy ion reactions and other collective dynamical processes are frequently described by different theoretical approaches for the different stages of the process, like initial equilibration stage, intermediate locally equilibrated fluid dynamical stage and final freeze-out stage. For the last stage the best known is the Cooper-Frye description used to generate the phase space distribution of emitted, non-interacting, particles from a fluid dynamical expansion/explosion, assuming a final ideal gas distribution, or (less frequently) an out of equilibrium distribution. In this work we do not want to replace the Cooper-Frye description, rather clarify the ways how to use it and how to choose the parameters of the distribution, eventually how to choose the form of the phase space distribution used in the Cooper-Frye formula. Read More

In this talk I make a review on the theoretical and experimental situation around the deeply bound kaon clusters, the possible bound kaonic states of nuclear, rather than atomic nature. At the same time I discuss novel developments around other kind of bound kaon clusters, which include states of two mesons and one baryon, with either one or two kaons, and states of a vector meson and two kaons, which explain naturally the observed properties of the X(2175) and Y(4260) resonances. Read More

We perform a theoretical study of the spectrum of protons with kinetic energies of around 600 MeV, emitted following the interaction of 1 GeV/c kaons with nuclei. A recent experimental analysis of this (K-,p) reaction on 12C, based on the dominant quasielastic process, has suggested a deeply attractive kaon nucleus potential. Our Monte Carlo simulation considers, in addition, the one-and two-nucleon K- absorption processes producing hyperons that decay into \pi N pairs. Read More

We study the (K-,p) reaction on nuclei with a 1 GeV/c momentum kaon beam, paying a special attention at the region of emitted protons having kinetic energy above 600 MeV, which was used to claim a deeply attractive kaon nucleus optical potential. Our model describes the nuclear reaction in the framework of a local density approach and the calculations are performed following two different procedures: one is based on a many-body method using the Lindhard function and the other one is based on a Monte Carlo simulation. While both procedures coincide when it comes to consider the contribution of kaon quasi-elastic scattering, the simulation method offers more flexibility since it allows us to account for other processes which also contribute to the proton spectra, such as K- absorption by one and two nucleons producing hyperons. Read More

We study the (K-,p) reaction on C12 with a kaon beam of 1 GeV momentum, paying a special attention to the region of emitted protons having kinetic energy above 600 MeV, which was used to claim a deep kaon nucleus optical potential [1]. The experiment looks for fast protons emitted from the absorption of in flight kaons by nuclei, but in coincidence with at least one charged particle in the decay counters sandwiching the target. The analysis of the data is done in [1] assuming that the coincidence requirement does not change the shape of the final spectra. Read More

Exclusive J/Psi electroproduction is studied in the framework of the analytic S-matrix theory. The differential and integrated elastic cross sections are calculated using the Modified Dual Amplitude with Mandelstam Analyticity (M-DAMA) model. The model is applied to the description of the available experimantal data and proves to be valid in a wide region of the kinematical variables s, t and Q^2. Read More

We study charmed baryon resonances that are generated dynamically from a coupled-channel unitary approach that implements heavy-quark symmetry. Some states can already be identified with experimental observations, such as $\Lambda_c(2595)$, $\Lambda_c(2660)$, $\Sigma_c(2902)$ or $\Lambda_c(2941)$, while others need a compilation of more experimental data as well as an extension of the model to include higher order contributions. We also compare our model to previous SU(4) schemes. Read More

We analyze the peaks in the (Lambda p) and (Lambda d) invariant mass distributions, observed in recent FINUDA experiments and claimed to be signals of deeply bound kaonic states, and find them to be naturally explained in terms of K- absorption by two or three nucleons leaving the rest of the original nuclei as spectator. For reactions on heavy nuclei, the subsequent interactions of the particles produced in the primary absorption process with the residual nucleus play an important role. Thus at present there is no experimental evidence of deeply bound K- states in nuclei. Read More

It will be shown that the peaks in the (Lambda p) and (Lambda d) invariant mass distributions, observed in recent FINUDA experiments and claimed to be signals of deeply bound kaonic states, are naturally explained in terms of K- absorption by two or three nucleons leaving the rest of the original nuclei as spectator. For reactions on heavy nuclei, the subsequent interactions of the particles produced in the primary absorption process with the residual nucleus play an important role. Our analyses leads to the conclusion that at present there is no experimental evidence of deeply bound K- state in nuclei. Read More

We study charmed baryon resonances which are generated dynamically within a unitary meson-baryon coupled channel model that treats the heavy pseudoscalar and vector mesons on equal footing as required by heavy-quark symmetry. It is an extension of recent SU(4) models with t-channel vector meson exchanges to a SU(8) spin-flavor scheme, but differs considerably from the SU(4) approach in how the strong breaking of the flavor symmetry is implemented. Some of our dynamically generated states can be readily assigned to recently observed baryon resonances, while others do not have a straightforward identification and require the compilation of more data as well as an extension of the model to d-wave meson-baryon interactions and p-wave coupling in the neglected s- and u-channel diagrams. Read More

The freeze out of the expanding systems, created in relativistic heavy ion collisions, is discussed. We combine kinetic freeze out equations with Bjorken type system expansion into a unified model. The important feature of the proposed scenario is that physical freeze out is completely finished in a finite time, which can be varied from 0 (freeze out hypersurface) to infinity. Read More

Consistent SU(6) and SU(8) spin-flavor extensions of the SU(3) flavor Weinberg-Tomozawa (WT) meson-baryon chiral Lagrangian are constructed, which incorporate vector meson degrees of freedom. In the charmless sector, the on-shell approximation to the Bethe-Salpeter (BS) approach successfully reproduces previous SU(3) WT results for the lowest-lying s--wave negative parity baryon resonances. It also provides some information on the dynamics of heavier ones and of the lightest d-wave negative parity resonances, as e. Read More

We make a thorough study of the process of three body kaon absorption in nuclei, in connection with a recent FINUDA experiment which claims the existence of a deeply bound kaonic state from the observation of a peak in the Lambda d invariant mass distribution following K- absorption on Li6. We show that the peak is naturally explained in terms of K- absorption from three nucleons leaving the rest as spectators. We can also reproduce all the other observables measured in the same experiment and used to support the hypothesis of the deeply bound kaon state. Read More

The extension of chiral theories to the description of resonances, via the incorporation of unitarity in coupled channels, has provided us with a new theoretical perspective on the nature of some of the observed excited hadrons. In this contribution some of the early achievements in the field of baryonic resonances are reviewed, the recent evidence of the two-pole nature of the Lambda(1405) is discussed and results on charmed baryon resonances are presented. Read More

The freeze out of the expanding systems, created in relativistic heavy ion collisions, is discussed. We combine Bjorken scenario with earlier developed freeze out equations into a unified model. The important feature of the proposed model is that physical freeze out is completely finished in a finite time, which can be varied from 0 (freeze out hypersurface) to infinity. Read More

The freeze out of the expanding systems, created in relativistic heavy ion collisions, will be discussed. We combine kinetic freeze out equations with Bjorken type system expansion into a unified model. Such a model is a more physical generalization of the earlier simplified non-expanding freeze out models. Read More

The freeze out (FO) of the expanding systems, created in relativistic heavy ion collisions, is discussed. We start with kinetic FO model, which realizes complete physical FO in a layer of given thickness, and then combine our gradual FO equations with Bjorken type system expansion into a unified model. We shall see that the basic FO features, pointed out in the earlier works, are not smeared out by the expansion. Read More

J/Psi photoproduction is studied in the framework of the analytic S-matrix theory. The differential and integrated elastic cross sections for J/Psi photoproduction are calculated from a Dual Amplitude with Mandelstam Analyticity. It is argued that at low energies, the background, which is the low-energy equivalent of the high-energy diffraction replaces the Pomeron exchange. Read More

In this talk I present recent developments in the field of hadronic physics and hadrons in the nuclear medium. I review the unitary chiral approach to meson baryon interaction and address the topics of the two dynamically generated $\Lambda(1405)$ resonances, with experiments testing it, the $\Lambda(1520)$ and $\Delta(1700)$ resonances, plus the $\Lambda(1520)$, $\Sigma(1385)$ and $\omega$ in the nuclear medium. Read More

We present an overview of the latest theoretical studies on the antikaon properties in the nuclear medium, in connection with the recent experimental claims of very deeply bound antikaon-nuclear states. We argue that proper many-body formulations using modern realistic antikaon-nucleon interactions are not able to generate such systems. Instead, a simple two-nucleon antikaon absorption mechanism where the remaining nucleus acts as spectator explains the peak in the semi-inclusive proton momentum spectrum, observed on a 4He target at KEK (but later not confirmed in an inclusive experiment) and on a 6Li target at FINUDA. Read More

Ultra-Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions at an energy $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 65 {\rm GeV}$ are studied in a three-dimensional Fluid Dynamical model. The results of a hydrodynamical evolution using the PIC-method are shown. The importance and diagnostic value of a proper reaction plane determination is emphasized, and the time development of collective measurables is presented. Read More

We briefly review the experiments of KEK and FINUDA, that claim evidence for deeply bound kaon states, from the perspective of recent theoretical papers and experiments that provide an alternative explanation of the peaks seen. At the same time we show that recent criticisms raised by Akaishi and Yamazaki, and exposed by Akaishi in this Conference, have no base. Read More

We critically revise the recent claims of narrow deeply bound kaonic states and show that at present there is no convincing experimental evidence for their existence. In particular, we discuss in details the claim of K- pp deeply bound state associated to a peak seen in the Lambda p invariant mass spectrum from K- nuclear absorption reactions by the FINUDA collaboration. An explicit theoretical simulation shows that the peak is simply generated from a two-nucleon absorption process, like K- pp --> Lambda p, followed by final-state interactions of the produced particles with the residual nucleus. Read More

A model for the Q^2-dependent modified dual amplitude with Mandelstam analyticity (M-DAMA) is proposed. M-DAMA preserves all the attractive properties of DAMA, such as its pole structure and Regge asymptotics, and leads to a generalized dual amplitude A(s,t,Q^2). This amplitude can be checked in the known kinematical limits, i. Read More

In this talk I present recent developments in chiral dynamics of hadrons and hadrons in a medium addressing the following points: interaction of the octet of pseudoscalar mesons with the octet of baryons of the nucleon, showing recent experimental evidence on the existence of two $\Lambda(1405)$ states, the interaction of the octet of pseudoscalar mesons with the decuplet of baryons of the $\Delta$, with particular emphasis on the $\Lambda(1520)$ resonance, dynamically generated by this interaction. Then I review the interaction of kaons in a nuclear medium and briefly discuss the situation around the claims of deeply bound states in nuclei. The large renormalization of the $\Lambda(1520)$ in the nuclear medium is shown as another example of successful application of the chiral unitary techniques. Read More

We study the $\Lambda(1520)$ resonance in a coupled channel approach involving the $\pi\Sigma(1385)$, $K\Xi(1530)$, $\bar{K}N$ and $\pi\Sigma$ channels. Implementing unitarity in coupled channels, we make an analysis of the relative importance of the different mechanisms which contribute to the dynamical structure of this resonance. From experimental information on some partial wave amplitudes and constraints imposed by unitarity, we get a comprehensive description of the amplitudes and hence the couplings to the different channels. Read More

We briefly review the situation around the claimed deeply bound K^- states in different recent experiments and concentrate particularly on the state K^- pp advocated by the FINUDA collaboration in nuclear K^- absorption. We perform a theoretical simulation of the process and show that the peak in the Lambda p spectrum that was interpreted as a deep K^- pp bound state corresponds mostly to the process K^- p p --> Lambda p followed by final state interactions of the produced particles with the daughter nucleus. Read More

We use recent data on the $K^- p \to \pi^0 \pi^0 \Sigma^0$ reaction with the $\pi^0 \Sigma^0$ mass distribution of forming the $\Lambda(1405)$ with a peak at 1420 MeV and a relatively narrow width of $\Gamma = 38$ MeV, together with those of the $\pi^- p \to K^0 \pi \Sigma$ reaction to show that there are two $\Lambda(1405)$ states instead of one as so far assumed. Read More

The $K^- p \to \pi^0 \pi^0 \Sigma^0$ reaction is studied within a chiral unitary model. The distribution of $\pi^0 \Sigma^0$ states forming the $\Lambda(1405)$ shows, in agreement with a recent experiment, a peak at 1420 MeV and a relatively narrow width of $\Gamma = 38$ MeV. We use these data in combination with those of the $\pi^- p \to K^0 \pi \Sigma$ reaction and elements of chiral unitary theory to prove that there are two $\Lambda(1405)$ states instead of one as so far assumed. Read More

The $\Lambda(1520)$ resonance is generated dynamically in a unitary coupled channel framework with the $\pi\Sigma^*$ and $K\Xi^*$ channels in s-wave and $\pi\Sigma$ and $\bar K N$ channels in d-wave. The dynamics of this resonance close to and above threshold is then tested through the reactions $K^-p\to\pi\pi\Lambda$ and a good agreement with the experimentally measured cross section is observed. Read More