Tinggui Wang - USTC

Tinggui Wang
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Tinggui Wang

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (19)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (17)
Astrophysics (16)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (12)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Tinggui Wang

RXJ 1301.9+2747 is an optically identified very low mass AGN candidate with M_BH~1x10^6M_sun, which shows extremely soft X-ray emission and unusual X-ray variability in the form of short-lived flares. We present an analysis of multiwavelength observations of RXJ 1301. Read More

Affiliations: 1USTC, University of Science and Technology of China, 2USTC, University of Science and Technology of China, 3USTC, University of Science and Technology of China, 4USTC, University of Science and Technology of China, 5USTC, University of Science and Technology of China

The galactocentric distance of quasar absorption outflows are conventionally determined using absorption troughs from excited states, a method hindered by severely saturated or self-blended absorption troughs. We propose a novel method to estimate the size of a broad absorption line (BAL) region which partly obscures an emission line region by assuming virialized gas in the emission region surrounding a supermassive black hole with known mass. When a spiky Lya1216 line emission is present at the flat bottom of the deep Nv1240 absorption trough, the size of BAL region can be estimated. Read More

We present the mid-infrared light curves (LC) of a tidal disruption event (TDE) candidate in the center of a nearby ultraluminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG) F01004-2237 using archival WISE and NEOWISE data with time span of 2010 to 2016. At the peak of the optical flare, F01004-2237 is IR quiescent. About 3 years later, its mid-IR fluxes show steady increase, rising by 1. Read More

Very few low-ionization broad absorption line (LoBAL) QSOs have been found at high redshifts to date. One high-redshift LoBAL QSO, J0122+1216, was recently discovered at the Lijiang 2.4-m Telescope with an initial redshift determination of 4. Read More

In this paper we present an analysis of absorption line variability in mini-BAL quasar LBQS 1206+1052. The SDSS spectrum demonstrates that the absorption troughs can be divided into two components of blueshift velocities of $\sim$700 km s$^{-1}$ and $\sim$1400 km s$^{-1}$ relative to the quasar rest-frame. The former component shows rare Balmer absorption, which is an indicator of high density absorbing gas, thus the quasar is worth follow-up spectroscopic observations. Read More

We present a statistical analysis of the variability of broad absorption lines (BALs) in quasars using the large multi-epoch spectroscopic dataset of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 12 (SDSS DR12). We divide the sample into two groups according to the pattern of the variation of C iv BAL with respect to that of continuum: the equivalent widths (EW) of the BAL decreases (increases) when the continuum brightens (dims) as group T1; and the variation of EW and continuum in the opposite relation as group T2. We find that T2 has significantly (P_T<10-6 , Students T Test) higher EW ratios (R) of Si iv to C iv BAL than T1. Read More

Recent studies have shown that outflows in at least some broad absorption line (BAL) quasars are extended well beyond the putative dusty torus. Such outflows should be detectable in obscured quasars. We present four WISE selected infrared red quasars with very strong and peculiar ultraviolet Fe ii emission lines: strong UV Fe II UV arising from transitions to ground/low excitation levels, and very weak Fe II at wavelengths longer than 2800 {\AA}. Read More

We report the detection of a significant infrared variability of the nearest tidal disruption event (TDE) ASASSN-14li using Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer} and newly released Near-Earth Object WISE Reactivation} data. In comparison with the quiescent state, the infrared flux is brightened by 0.12 and 0. Read More

Using low-redshift (z<0.09) samples of AGNs, normal galaxies and groups of galaxies selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), we study the environments of type 1 and type 2 AGNs both on small and large scales. Comparisons are made for galaxy samples matched in redshift, $r$-band luminosity, [OIII] luminosity, and also the position in groups (central or satellite). Read More

A small fraction($<10\%$) of SDSS main sample galaxies(MGs) have not been targeted with spectroscopy due to the the fiber collision effect. These galaxies have been compiled into the input catalog of the LAMOST extra-galactic survey and named as the complementary galaxy sample. In this paper, we introduce the project and the status of the spectroscopies of the complementary galaxies in the first two years of the LAMOST spectral survey(till Sep. Read More

We present a qualitative analysis of the variability of quasar broad absorption lines using the large multi-epoch spectroscopic dataset of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 10. We confirm that variations of absorption lines are highly coordinated among different components of the same ion or the same absorption component of different ions for C IV, Si IV and N V. Furthermore, we show that the equivalent widths of the lines decrease or increase statistically when the continuum brightens or dims. Read More

A sample of 70 E+A galaxies are selected from 37, 206 galaxies in the second data release (DR2) of Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) according to the criteria for E+A galaxies defined by Goto, and each of these objects is further visually identified. In this sample, most objects are low redshift E+A galaxies with z < 0.25, and locate in the high latitude sky area with magnitude among 14 to 18 mag in g, r and i bands. Read More

We present the variability study of broad absorption lines (BALs) in a uniformly radio-selected sample of 28 BAL quasars using the archival data from the FIRST Bright Quasar Survey (FBQS) and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), as well as those obtained by ourselves, covering time scales $\sim 1-10$ years in the quasar's rest-frame. To our surprise, 5 quasars showing strong variations are all belong to a special subclass of overlapping iron low ionization BAL (OFeLoBAL) quasars, however, other 4 non-overlapping FeLoBALs (non-OFeLoBALs) are invariable except one case with weak optical depth change. Meanwhile, we also find 6 typical variations of high-ionization and low-ionization BALs in this BAL quasar sample. Read More

We report the identification of an unusual absorption line system in the quasar SDSS J080248.18$+$551328.9 and present a detailed study of the system, incorporating follow-up optical and NIR spectroscopy. Read More

We have investigated a sample of 2099 broad absorption line (BAL) quasars with z=1.7-2.2 built from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release Seven and the Wide-field Infrared Survey. Read More

Correlations of hot dust emission with outflow properties are investigated, based on a large z~2 non-broad absorption lines quasar sample built from the Wide-field Infrared Survey and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey data releases. We use the near infrared slope and the infrared to UV luminosity ratio to indicate the hot dust emission relative to the emission from the accretion disk. In our luminous quasars, these hot dust emission indicators are almost independent of the fundamental parameters, such as luminosity, Eddington ratio and black hole mass, but moderately dependent on the blueshift and asymmetry index (BAI) and full width at half-maximum (FWHM) of CIV lines. Read More

We cross-correlate \hip\ main-sequence star catalog with \fis\ catalog, and identify 136 stars (at $>90$% reliability) with far-infrared detections at least in one band. After rejecting 51 stars classified as young stellar objects, Be stars, other type stars with known dust disks or with potential contaminations and 2 stars without infrared excess emission, we obtain a sample of 83 candidate stars with debris disks. Stars in our sample cover spectral types from B to K-types with most being early types. Read More

A fraction of the heavily reddened quasars require a reddening curve which is even steeper than that of the Small Magellanic Cloud. In this paper, we thoroughly characterize the anomalously steep reddening law in quasars, via an exceptional example observed in IRAS 14026+4341. By comparing the observed spectrum to the quasar composite spectrum, we derive a reddening curve in the rest-frame wavelength range of 1200 {\AA}--10000 {\AA}. Read More

We present results of follow-up optical spectroscopic observations of seven rare, extreme coronal line emitting galaxies reported by Wang et al. (2012) with Multi-Mirror Telescope (MMT). Large variations in coronal lines are found in four objects, making them strong candidates of tidal disruption events (TDE). Read More

In this paper we present a temporal and spectral analysis of X-ray data from the XMM and Chandra observations of the ultrasoft and variable Seyfert galaxy RX J1301.9+2747. In both observations the source clearly displays two distinct states in the X-ray band, a long quiescent state and a short flare (or eruptive) state which differs in count rates by a factor of 5--7. Read More

Correlations are investigated of the outflow strength of quasars, as measured by the blueshift and asymmetry index (BAI) of the CIV line (Wang et al. 2011), with intensities and ratios of broad emission lines, based on composite quasar spectra built from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We find that most of the line ratios of other ions to CIV prominently increases with BAI. Read More

Tidal disruption of stars by supermassive black holes at the centers of galaxies is expected to produce unique emission line signatures, which have not yet been explored adequately. Here we report the discovery of extremely strong coronal lines from [Fe X] up to [Fe XIV] in a sample of seven galaxies (including two recently reported cases), that we interpret as such signatures. This is the first systematic search for objects of this kind, by making use of the immense database of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Read More

We report the discovery of Balmer broad absorption lines (BALs) in the quasar LBQS 1206+1052 and present a detailed analysis of the peculiar absorption line spectrum. Besides Mg II $\lambda \lambda 2796, 2803$ doublet, BALs are also detected in He I* multiplet at $\lambda \lambda 2946, 3189, 3889$ \AA arising from metastable helium $2^3S$ level, and in H$\alpha$ and H$\beta$ from excited hydrogen H I* $n=2$ level, which are rarely seen in quasar spectra. We identify two components in the BAL troughs of $\Delta v\sim$2000 km s$^{-1}$ width: One component shows an identical profile in H I*, \hei* and \mgii with its centroid blueshifted by $-v_{\rm c}\approx 726$ km\ s$^{-1}$. Read More


We present empirical relations between the global dust reddening and other physical galaxy properties including the Halpha luminosity, Halpha surface brightness, metallicity and axial ratio for star-forming disc galaxies. The study is based on a large sample of ~22 000 well-defined star-forming galaxies selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The reddening parameterized by color excess E(B-V) is derived from the Balmer decrement. Read More

There are mutually contradictory views in the literature of the kinematics and structure of high-ionization line (e.g. CIV) emitting regions in active galactic nuclei (AGNs). Read More

We report detections of 39 2175-{\AA} dust extinction bump candidates associated with strong Mg II absorption lines at z$\sim$ 1--1.8 on quasar spectra in Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) DR3. These strong Mg II absorption line systems are detected among 2,951 strong Mg II absorbers with the rest equivalent width $W_r\lambda2796 >$ 1. Read More

We present the column densities of heavy-elements and dust depletion studies in twostrong Mg~II absorption systems at $z\sim1.4$ displaying the 2175-{\AA} dust extinction feature. Column densities are measured from low-ionization absorption lines using Apparent Optical Depth Method on the Keck/ESI spectra. Read More

Affiliations: 1NAOC/Yunnan Observatory, CAS, 2NAOC/Yunnan Observatory, CAS, 3Univ. of Sci. and Tech. of China, 4Univ. of Sci. and Tech. of China

We report the discovery of a luminous ultra-soft X-ray excess in a radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert1 galaxy, RXJ1633+4718, from archival ROSAT observations. The thermal temperature of this emission, when fitted with a blackbody, is as low as 32.5(+8. Read More

The Nv emission line of active galactic nuclei shows peculiar behavior in the line--continuum correlation, which may be indicative of an extra line component in addition to that from the normal broad emission line region. In this paper, we investigate possible contribution to the Nv emission via resonant scattering of both continuum and Ly alpha in a broad absorption line (BAL) outflow, by performing the Sobolev Monte Carlo simulations. The contribution is dependent on the covering factor, optical depth and velocity profile of the outflow, as well as the equivalent width (EW) of Ly alpha. Read More

Affiliations: 1Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 2Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 3Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 4Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China

We identified a large sample of radio quasars, including those with complex radio morphology, from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the Faint Images of Radio Sky at Twenty-cm (FIRST). Using this sample, we inspect previous radio quasar samples for selection effects resulting from complex radio morphologies and adopting positional coincidence between radio and optical sources alone. We find that 13. Read More

Quasar outflows may play important role in the evolution of its host galaxy and central black hole. In this paper, we present a detailed study of multiple outflows in the obscured ultra-luminous infrared quasar Q1321+058. The outflows reveal themselves in the complex optical and UV emission line spectrum, with a broad component blueshifted by 1650 km/s and a narrow component by 360 km/s, respectively. Read More

Affiliations: 1Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 2Yunnan Observatory, China, 3Carnegie Observatories, 4Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 5Steward Observatory, 6Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 7Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 8National Astronomical Observatories, China

We used a large, homogeneous sample of 4178 z <= 0.8 Seyfert 1 galaxies and QSOs selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey to investigate the strength of Fe II emission and its correlation with other emission lines and physical parameters of active galactic nuclei. We find that the strongest correlations of almost all the emission-line intensity ratios and equivalent widths (EWs) are with the Eddington ratio (L/L_{Edd}), rather than with the continuum luminosity at 5100\AA\ (L_{5100}) or black hole mass (M_{BH}); the only exception is the EW of ultraviolet Fe II emission, which does not correlate at all with broad-line width, L_{5100}, M_{BH}, or L/L_{Edd}. Read More

Affiliations: 1USTC/CfA, China, 2Yunnan Observatory, China, 3USTC/CfA, China, 4USTC/CfA, China, 5Steward Observatory, 6USTC/CfA, China, 7Yunnan Observatory, China, 8USTC/PMPI, China

We have conducted a systematic investigation of the origin and underlying physics of the line--line and line--continuum correlations of AGNs, particularly the Baldwin effect. Based on the homogeneous sample of Seyfert 1s and QSOs in the SDSS DR4, we find the origin of all the emission-line regularities is Eddington ratio (L/Ledd). The essential physics is that L/Ledd regulates the distributions of the properties (particularly column density) of the clouds bound in the line-emitting region. Read More

We have conducted a series of investigations on the geometry of the reddening material in AGNs, which have important implications to the AGN unification and SMBH demography. According to our statistics of partially obscured quasars, we found that SMBHs in partially obscured type/phase (i.e. Read More

We compile a large sample of broad absorption lines (BAL) quasars with X-ray observations from the \xmm archive data and Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5. The sample consists of 41 BAL QSOs. Among 26 BAL quasars detected in X-ray, spectral analysis is possible for twelve objects. Read More

In the unification scheme of Seyfert galaxies, a dusty torus blocks the continuum source and broad line region in Seyfert 2 galaxies. However it is not clear whether or not and to what extent the torus affects the narrow line spectra. In this paper, we show that Seyfert 1 and Seyfert 2 galaxies have different distributions on the [OIII]/H$\beta $ vs [NII]/H$\alpha$ diagram (BPT diagram) for narrow lines. Read More

Affiliations: 1USTC, 2USTC, 3USTC, 4USTC, 5USTC, 6USTC
Category: Astrophysics

We have selected a sample of broad absorption line (BAL) quasars which show significant radio variations, indicating the presence of polar BAL outflows. We obtained snapshot XMM observations of four polar BAL QSOs, to check whether strong X-ray absorption, one of the most prominent characteristics of most BAL QSOs, also exist in polar outflows. Two of the sources are detected in X-ray. Read More

Affiliations: 1Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 2Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 3Yunnan Observatory, China, 4Yunnan Observatory, China, 5Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 6Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China, 7Univ. of Sci. & Tech. of China
Category: Astrophysics

We have investigated the broad-line Balmer decrements (Halpha/Hbeta) for a large, homogeneous sample of Seyfert 1 galaxies and QSOs using spectroscopic data obtained in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. The sample, drawn from the Fourth Data Release, comprises 446 low redshift (z < 0.35) active galactic nuclei (AGN) that have blue optical continua as indicated by the spectral slopes in order to minimize the effect of dust extinction. Read More

The properties of narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies, the links and correlations between them, and the physics behind them, are still not well understood. Apart from accretion rates and black hole masses, density and outflows were speculated to be among the main drivers of the NLS1 phenomenon. Here, we utilize the diagnostic power of the [SII]6716,6731 intensity ratio to measure the density of the NLR systematically and homogeneously for a large sample of NLS1 galaxies, and we perform a comparison with a sample of broad-line type 1 AGN. Read More


Various studies have claimed that the fraction of obscured AGN drops with luminosity, but contrary results are also reported. We present our recent studies on the fraction of X-ray obscured quasars in Chandra Deep Fields and in the local universe showing that most quasars in CDFs (at redshift of 1 ~ 4) are obscured and a consistent pattern in the local universe. Read More

Affiliations: 1USTC, UF, 2USTC, 3YNAO, 4YNAO, 5MPE, 6USTC, 7SHAO, 8CNAO, 9YNAO, 10SHAO
Category: Astrophysics

We report the identification of 2MASX J032441.19+341045.9 (hereafter 2MASX J0324+3410) with an appealing object which shows the dual properties of both a narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxy (NLS1) and a blazar. Read More

Affiliations: 1Yunnan Observatory, 2USTC, 3USTC, 4USTC, 5USTC, 6USTC, 7USTC, 8USTC, 9Yunnan Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

This proceedings contribution summarizes first results obtained from a systematic study of 2011 NLS1 galaxies, as presented in Zhou et al. (2006, ApJS 166, 128). The sample was compiled by examining the spectral parameters of galaxies and QSOs derived from SDSS DR3 data. Read More

Affiliations: 1USTC, 2USTC, 3Yunnan Observatory, 4USTC, 5Yunnan Observatory, 6USTC, 7USTC, 8USTC
Category: Astrophysics

We have conducted a systematic search of AGNs with IMBHs from the SDSS DR4. As results we found 245 candidates of broad-line AGN with M_{BH}<10^6 \Msun estimated from the luminosity and width of the broad Halpha component. Compared to the pioneer Greene & Ho (2004) sample of 19 IMBH AGNs, our sample has improved in covering a larger range of the Eddington ratio, as well as black hole mass and redshift, taking the advantage of our AGN-galaxy spectral decomposition algorithm. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Science and Technology of China, 2University of Science and Technology of China, 3National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, 4National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, 5University of Science and Technology of China, 6University of Science and Technology of China, 7National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, 8University of Science and Technology of China, 9University of Science and Technology of China, 10University of Science and Technology of China
Category: Astrophysics

We report the discovery of a dwarf Seyfert 1 active galactic nucleus (AGN) with a candidate intermediate-mass black hole hosted by the dwarf galaxy SDSS J160531.84+174826.1 at z=0. Read More

This is the first paper in a series dedicated to the study of the emission-line and continuum properties of narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s). We carried out a systematic search for NLS1s from objects assigned as ``QSOs'' or ``galaxies'' in the spectroscopic sample of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 3 (SDSS DR3) by a careful modeling of their emission lines and continua. The result is a uniform sample comprising $\sim 2~000$ NLS1. Read More


Whether radio intermediate quasars possess relativistic jets as radio-loud quasars is an important issue in the understanding of the origin of radio emission in quasars. In this letter, using the two-epoch radio data obtained during Faint Image of Radio Sky at Twenty centimeter sky (FIRST) and NOAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS), we identify 89 radio variable sources in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Among them, more than half are radio intermediate quasars (RL=f2cm/f2500A<250). Read More

In this paper, we employe a new statistical analysis technique, Ensemble Learning for Independent Component Analysis (EL-ICA), on the synthetic galaxy spectra from a newly released high resolution evolutionary model by Bruzual & Charlot. We find that EL-ICA can sufficiently compress the synthetic galaxy spectral library to 6 non-negative Independent Components (ICs), which are good templates to model huge amount of normal galaxy spectra, such as the galaxy spectra in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Important spectral parameters, such as starlight reddening, stellar velocity dispersion, stellar mass and star formation histories, can be given simultaneously by the fit. Read More

Using the radio observations by FIRST and NVSS, we build a sample of 151 radio variable quasars selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 3 (SDSS DR3). Six (probably another two) among them are classified as broad absorption line (BAL) quasars, with radio flux variations of a few 10 percent within 1.5-5 years. Read More

We report the detection of strong CaII/MgII absorption lines at the quasar redshift in the narrow line quasar SDSS J2339-0912 (z=0.6604). The quasar exhibits strong FeII, small Balmer emission line width and a very red B-Ks color. Read More


We report the discovery of a possible close binary system of quasars in SDSS J1048+0055. The [OIII]4959,5007 emission lines are clearly double-peaked, and two discrete radio sources with a projected physical separation of ~20 pc are found in the VLBA milliarcsec resolution image at 8.4 GHz. Read More