Tian Lan - Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University

Tian Lan
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Name
Tian Lan
Affiliation
Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University
City
Beijing
Country
China

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Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (9)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (6)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (5)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (5)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (4)
 
Mathematics - Category Theory (4)
 
Physics - Materials Science (4)
 
Quantum Physics (4)
 
Physics - Optics (3)
 
Astrophysics (3)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
 
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (2)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
 
Computer Science - Performance (1)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)

Publications Authored By Tian Lan

In this paper, we address a major challenge confronting the Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) utilizing a tiered storage architecture - how to maximize their overall profit over a variety of storage tiers that offer distinct characteristics, as well as file placement and access request scheduling policies. Read More

Topological orders are new phases of matter beyond Landau symmetry breaking. They correspond to patterns of long-range entanglement. In recent years, it was shown that in 1+1D bosonic systems there is no nontrivial topological order, while in 2+1D bosonic systems the topological orders are classified by a pair: a modular tensor category and a chiral central charge. Read More

Distributed storage systems are known to be susceptible to long tails in response time. In modern online storage systems such as Bing, Facebook, and Amazon, the long tails of the service latency are of particular concern. with 99. Read More

We generalize the hierarchy construction to generic 2+1D topological orders (which can be non-Abelian) by condensing Abelian anyons in one topological order to construct a new one. We show that such construction is reversible and leads to a new equivalence relation between topological orders. We refer to the corresponding equivalent class (the orbit of the hierarchy construction) as "the non-Abelian family". Read More

Strong light-matter interaction and high-efficiency optical collection of fluorescence from quantum emitters are crucial topics in quantum and nanophotonic fields. High-quality cavities, dispersive photonic crystal waveguides and even plasmonic structures have been used to enhance the interaction with quantum emitters, thus realize efficient collection of the fluorescence. In this work, a new method is proposed to collect the fluorescence of quantum dots (QDs) with a fiber-integrated multimode silver nanowire (AgNW) waveguide. Read More

Silicon-on-chip (SOI) photonic circuit is the most promising platform for scalable quantum information technology for its low loss, small footprint, CMOS-compatible and telecom communications techniques compatible. Multiple multiplexed entanglement sources include: energy-time, time-bin and polarization entangled sources based on 1-cm length single silicon nanowire, all these sources are compatible with (100GHz) dense-wave-division-multiplexing (DWDM) system. Different methods such as two photon interference pattern, Bell-Inequality and quantum state tomography are used to characterize the quality of these entangled sources. Read More

Modern distributed storage systems often use erasure codes to protect against disk and node failures to increase reliability, while trying to meet the latency requirements of the applications and clients. Storage systems may have caches at the proxy or client ends in order to reduce the latency. In this paper, we consider a novel caching framework with erasure code called {\em functional caching}. Read More

This paper presents a novel mid-level representation for action recognition, named spatio-temporal aware non-negative component representation (STANNCR). The proposed STANNCR is based on action component and incorporates the spatial-temporal information. We first introduce a spatial-temporal distribution vector (STDV) to model the distributions of local feature locations in a compact and discriminative manner. Read More

Topological orders can be used as media for topological quantum computing --- a promising quantum computation model due to its invulnerability against local errors. Conversely, a quantum simulator, often regarded as a quantum computing device for special purposes, also offers a way of characterizing topological orders. Here, we show how to identify distinct topological orders via measuring their modular $S$ and $T$ matrices. Read More

Distributed storage systems often employ erasure codes to achieve high data reliability while attaining space efficiency. Such storage systems are known to be susceptible to long tails in response time. It has been shown that in modern online applications such as Bing, Facebook, and Amazon, the long tail of latency is of particular concern, with $99. Read More

A finite bosonic or fermionic symmetry can be described uniquely by a symmetric fusion category $\mathcal{E}$. In this work, we propose that 2+1D topological/SPT orders with a fixed finite symmetry $\mathcal{E}$ are classified, up to $E_8$ quantum Hall states, by the unitary modular tensor categories $\mathcal{C}$ over $\mathcal{E}$ and the modular extensions of each $\mathcal{C}$. In the case $\mathcal{C}=\mathcal{E}$, we prove that the set $\mathcal{M}_{ext}(\mathcal{E})$ of all modular extensions of $\mathcal{E}$ has a natural structure of a finite abelian group. Read More

Gapped quantum liquids (GQL) include both topologically ordered states (with long range entanglement) and symmetry protected topological (SPT) states (with short range entanglement). In this paper, we propose a classification of 2+1D GQL for both bosonic and fermionic systems: 2+1D bosonic/fermionic GQLs with finite on-site symmetry are classified by non-degenerate unitary braided fusion categories over a symmetric fusion category (SFC) $\cal E$, abbreviated as $\text{UMTC}_{/\cal E}$, together with their modular extensions and total chiral central charges. The SFC $\cal E$ is $\text{Rep}(G)$ for bosonic symmetry $G$, or $\text{sRep}(G^f)$ for fermionic symmetry $G^f$. Read More

This paper proposes an algorithm to minimize weighted service latency for different classes of tenants (or service classes) in a data center network where erasure-coded files are stored on distributed disks/racks and access requests are scattered across the network. Due to limited bandwidth available at both top-of-the-rack and aggregation switches and tenants in different service classes need differentiated services, network bandwidth must be apportioned among different intra- and inter-rack data flows for different service classes in line with their traffic statistics. We formulate this problem as weighted queuing and employ a class of probabilistic request scheduling policies to derive a closed-form upper-bound of service latency for erasure-coded storage with arbitrary file access patterns and service time distributions. Read More

In the quantum world, a single particle can have various degrees of freedom to encode quantum information. Controlling multiple degrees of freedom simultaneously is necessary to describe a particle fully and, therefore, to use it more efficiently. Here we introduce the transverse waveguide-mode degree of freedom to quantum photonic integrated circuits, and demonstrate the coherent conversion of a photonic quantum state between path, polarization and transverse waveguide-mode degrees of freedom on a single chip. Read More

While the vibrational thermodynamics of materials with small anharmonicity at low temperatures has been understood well based on the harmonic phonons approximation; at high temperatures, this understanding must accommodate how phonons interact with other phonons or with other excitations. We shall see that the phonon-phonon interactions give rise to interesting coupling problems, and essentially modify the equilibrium and non-equilibrium properties of materials, e.g. Read More

Realistic videos of human actions exhibit rich spatiotemporal structures at multiple levels of granularity: an action can always be decomposed into multiple finer-grained elements in both space and time. To capture this intuition, we propose to represent videos by a hierarchy of mid-level action elements (MAEs), where each MAE corresponds to an action-related spatiotemporal segment in the video. We introduce an unsupervised method to generate this representation from videos. Read More

We propose that, up to invertible topological orders, 2+1D fermionic topological orders without symmetry and 2+1D fermionic/bosonic topological orders with symmetry $G$ are classified by non-degenerate unitary braided fusion categories (UBFC) over a symmetric fusion category (SFC); the SFC describes a fermionic product state without symmetry or a fermionic/bosonic product state with symmetry $G$, and the UBFC has a modular extension. We developed a simplified theory of non-degenerate UBFC over a SFC based on the fusion coefficients $N^{ij}_k$ and spins $s_i$. This allows us to obtain a list that contains all 2+1D fermionic topological orders (without symmetry). Read More

Although the rutile structure of TiO$_2$ is stable at high temperatures, the conventional quasiharmonic approximation predicts that several acoustic phonons decrease anomalously to zero frequency with thermal expansion, incorrectly predicting a structural collapse at temperatures well below 1000\,K. Inelastic neutron scattering was used to measure the temperature dependence of the phonon density of states (DOS) of rutile TiO$_2$ from 300 to 1373\,K. Surprisingly, these anomalous acoustic phonons were found to increase in frequency with temperature. Read More

Gapped domain walls, as topological line defects between 2+1D topologically ordered states, are examined. We provide simple criteria to determine the existence of gapped domain walls, which apply to both Abelian and non-Abelian topological orders. Our criteria also determine which 2+1D topological orders must have gapless edge modes, namely which 1+1D global gravitational anomalies ensure gaplessness. Read More

Modern distributed storage systems offer large capacity to satisfy the exponentially increasing need of storage space. They often use erasure codes to protect against disk and node failures to increase reliability, while trying to meet the latency requirements of the applications and clients. This paper provides an insightful upper bound on the average service delay of such erasure-coded storage with arbitrary service time distribution and consisting of multiple heterogeneous files. Read More

Inelastic neutron scattering measurements on silver oxide (Ag$_2$O) with the cuprite structure were performed at temperatures from 40 to 400\,K, and Fourier transform far-infrared spectra were measured from 100 to 300\,K. The measured phonon densities of states and the infrared spectra showed unusually large energy shifts with temperature, and large linewidth broadenings. First principles molecular dynamics (MD) calculations were performed at various temperatures, successfully accounting for the negative thermal expansion (NTE) and local dynamics. Read More

String-net models allow us to systematically construct and classify 2+1D topologically ordered states which can have gapped boundaries. We can use a simple ideal string-net wavefunction, which is described by a set of F-matrices [or more precisely, a unitary fusion category (UFC)], to study all the universal properties of such a topological order. In this paper, we describe a finite computational method -- Q-algebra approach, that allows us to compute the non-Abelian statistics of the topological excitations [or more precisely, the unitary modular tensor category (UMTC)], from the string-net wavefunction (or the UFC). Read More

We have successfully synthesized three quasi-2D geometrically frustrated magnetic compounds (\alpha-MCr_2O_4, M=Ca, Sr, Ba) using the spark-plasma-sintering technique. All these members of the \alpha-MCr_2O_4 family consist of the stacking planar triangular lattices of Cr$^{3+}$ spins (${\rm S}=3/2$), separated by non-magnetic alkaline earth ions. Their corresponding magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, dielectric permittivity and ferroelectric polarization are systematically investigated. Read More

2010Oct
Affiliations: 1Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 2Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, 3Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University

This paper is a review on the observational Hubble parameter data that have gained increasing attention in recent years for their illuminating power on the dark side of the universe --- the dark matter, dark energy, and the dark age. Currently, there are two major methods of independent observational H(z) measurement, which we summarize as the "differential age method" and the "radial BAO size method". Starting with fundamental cosmological notions such as the spacetime coordinates in an expanding universe, we present the basic principles behind the two methods. Read More

The universe, with large-scale homogeneity, is locally inhomogeneous, clustering into stars, galaxies and larger structures. Such property is described by the smoothness parameter $\alpha$ which is defined as the proportion of matter in the form of intergalactic medium. If we take consideration of the inhomogeneities in small scale, there should be modifications of the cosmological distances compared to a homogenous model. Read More

We use the redshift Hubble parameter $H(z)$ data derived from relative galaxy ages, distant type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), the Baryonic Acoustic Oscillation (BAO) peak, and the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) shift parameter data, to constrain cosmological parameters in the Undulant Universe. We marginalize the likelihood functions over $h$ by integrating the probability density $P\propto e^{-\chi^2/2}$. By using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) technique, we obtain the best fitting results and give the confidence regions on the $b-\Omega_{\rm m0}$ plane. Read More

We present a set of five axioms for fairness measures in resource allocation. A family of fairness measures satisfying the axioms is constructed. Well-known notions such as alpha-fairness, Jain's index, and entropy are shown to be special cases. Read More

In this paper, we study the possible connections among different Spinor Quintom Dark Energy (DE) models by the aid of duality. Then we apply the statefinder diagnostic to these models. By this diagnostic pair {$\{r,s\}$}, we differentiate one Quintom DE model from the others in a model independent manner. Read More

We employ an analytical approach to investigate the signatures of Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAOs) on the convergence power spectrum of weak lensing by large scale structure. It is shown that the BAOs wiggles can be found in both of the linear and nonlinear convergence power spectra of weak lensing at about $40\le l\le600$, but they are weaker than that of matter power spectrum. Although the statistical error for LSST are greatly smaller than that of CFHT and SNAP survey especially at about $30Read More

We use the current weak lensing data to constrain the equation of state of dark energy $w$ and the total mass of massive neutrinos $\sum m_{\nu}$. The constraint on $w$ would be weak if only the current weak lensing data are used. With the addition of other observational data such as the type Ia supernovae, baryon acoustic oscillation, and the high redshift Hubble parameter data $H(z)$ derived from relative galaxy ages to break the degeneracy, the result is significantly improved. Read More

Recent observations show that our universe is accelerating by dark energy, so it is important to investigate the thermodynamical properties of it. The Undulant Universe is a model with equation of state $\omega(a)=-\cos(b\ln a)$ for dark energy, where we show that there neither the event horizon nor the particle horizon exists. However, as a boundary of keeping thermodynamical properties, the apparent horizon is a good holographic screen. Read More