Tao Yang

Tao Yang
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Tao Yang

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Pub Categories

Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (8)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (6)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (6)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (5)
Quantum Physics (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (4)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (4)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (3)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (3)
Mathematics - Information Theory (3)
Computer Science - Information Theory (3)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Computer Science - Multiagent Systems (2)
Computer Science - Learning (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)

Publications Authored By Tao Yang

We consider the global consensus problem for multi-agent systems with input saturation over digraphs. Under a mild connectivity condition that the underlying digraph has a directed spanning tree, we use Lyapunov methods to show that the widely used distributed consensus protocol, which solves the consensus problem for the case without input saturation constraints, also solves the global consensus problem for the case with input saturation constraints. In order to reduce the overall need of communication and system updates, we then propose a distributed event-triggered control law. Read More

We perform a forecast analysis of the ability of the LISA space-based interferometer to reconstruct the dark sector interaction using gravitational wave (GW) standard sirens at high redshift. We employ Gaussian process methods to reconstruct the distance-redshift relation in a model independent way. We adopt simulated catalogues of standard sirens given by merging massive black hole binaries (MBHBs) visible by LISA, with an electromagnetic (EM) counterpart detectable by future telescopes. Read More

We consider a D2D-enabled cellular network where user equipments (UEs) owned by rational users are incentivized to form D2D pairs using tokens. They exchange tokens electronically to "buy" and "sell" D2D services. Meanwhile the devices have the ability to choose the transmission mode, i. Read More

The direct detection of gravitational wave by LIGO indicates the coming of the era of gravitational wave astronomy and gravitational wave cosmology. It is expected that more and more gravitational wave events will be detected by currently existing and planed gravitational wave detectors. The gravitational waves open a new window to explore the Universe and various mysteries will be disclosed through the gravitational wave detection, combined with other cosmological probes. Read More

Demand response represents a significant but largely untapped resource that can greatly enhance the flexibility and reliability of power systems. This paper proposes a hierarchical control framework to facilitate the integrated coordination between distributed energy resources and demand response. The proposed framework consists of coordination and device layers. Read More

Bell's theorem shows a profound contradiction between local realism and quantum mechanics on the level of statistical predictions. It does not involve directly Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) correlations. The paradox of Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) disproves directly the concept of EPR elements of reality, based on the EPR correlations, in an all-versus-nothing way. Read More

Dynamics of vortex clusters is essential for understanding diverse superfluid phenomena. In this paper, we examine the dynamics of vortex quadrupoles in a trapped two-dimensional (2D) Bose-Einstein condensate. We find that the movement of these vortex-clusters fall into three distinct regimes which are fully described by the radial positions of the vortices in a 2D isotropic harmonic trap, or by the major radius (minor radius) of the elliptical equipotential lines decided by the vortex positions in a 2D anisotropic harmonic trap. Read More

In this paper, we show that Hennings construction of invariants of framed links and 3-manifolds obtained from Hopf algebras can also be carried out for some algebraic quantum groups. Read More

We investigate the constraint ability of the gravitational wave (GW) as the standard siren on the cosmological parameters by using the third-generation gravitational wave detector: the Einstein Telescope. We simulate the luminosity distances and redshift measurements from 100 to 1000 GW events. We use two different algorithms to constrain the cosmological parameters. Read More

The quantum $\tau_2$-model with generic site-dependent inhomogeneity and arbitrary boundary fields is studied via the off-diagonal Bethe Ansatz method. The eigenvalues of the corresponding transfer matrix are given in terms of an inhomogeneous T-Q relation, which is based on the operator product identities among the fused transfer matrices and the asymptotic behavior of the transfer matrices. Moreover, the associated Bethe Ansatz equations are also obtained. Read More

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) offer new opportunities to identify genetic risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, collaborative efforts across different institutions emerged that enhance the power of many existing techniques on individual institution data. However, a major barrier to collaborative studies of GWAS is that many institutions need to preserve individual data privacy. Read More

We investigate the thermodynamic limit of the su(n)-invariant spin chain models with unparallel boundary fields. It is found that the contribution of the inhomogeneous term in the associated T-Q relation to the ground state energy does vanish in the thermodynamic limit. This fact allows us to calculate the boundary energy of the system. Read More

This paper presents the Charge-Coupled Device time-series photometric observations of the open cluster NGC 1582 and its surrounding field with Johnson B, V and R filters by using Nanshan 1m telescope of Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory. 19 variable stars and 3 variable candidates were detected in a 45 {\times} 48.75 field around the cluster. Read More

Let $A=\bigoplus_{p\in G}A_{p}$ be a multiplier Hopf $T$-coalgebra over a group $G$, in this paper we give the definition of the crossed left $A$-$G$-modules and show that the category of crossed left $A$-$G$-modules is a monoidal category. Finally we show that a family of multipliers $R = \{R_{p, q} \in M(A_{p}\otimes A_{q})\}_{p, q\in G}$ is a quasitriangular structure of a multiplier $T$-coalgebra $A$ if and only if the crossed left $A$-$G$-module category over $A$ is a braided monoidal category with the braiding $c$ defined by $R$, generalizing the main results in \cite{ZCL11} to the more general framework of multiplier Hopf algebras. Read More

The explosion of mobile video traffic imposes tremendous challenges on present cellular networks. To alleviate the pressure on backhaul links and to enhance the quality of experience (QoE) of video streaming service, small cell base stations (SBS) with caching ability are introduced to assist the content delivery. In this paper, we present the first study on the optimal caching strategy of scalable video coding (SVC) streaming in small cell networks with the consideration of channel diversity and video scalability. Read More

Let $(A,\a)$ and $(B,\b)$ be two Hom-Hopf algebras. In this paper, we construct a class of new Hom-Hopf algebras: $R$-smash product $(A\natural_R B,\a\o \b)$. Moreover, necessary and sufficient conditions for $(A\natural_R B,\a\o \b)$ to be a cobraided Hom-Hopf algebra are given. Read More

Unraveling quality of experience (QoE) of video streaming is very challenging in bandwidth shared wireless networks. It is unclear how QoE metrics such as starvation probability and buffering time interact with dynamics of streaming traffic load. In this paper, we collect view records from one of the largest streaming providers in China over two weeks and perform an in-depth measurement study on flow arrival and viewing time that shed light on the real traffic pattern. Read More

We develop a new model-independent method to probe the constancy of the speed of light $c$. In our method, the degeneracy between the cosmic curvature and the speed of light can be eliminated, which makes the test more natural and general. Combining the independent observations of Hubble parameter $H(z)$ and luminosity distance $d_L(z)$, we use the model-independent smoothing technique, Gaussian processes, to reconstruct them and then detect variation of the speed of light. Read More

We construct a Hopf action, with an invariant trace, of a bicrossed product Hopf algebra $\cH=\big( \cU(\Fg_1) \acr \cR(G_2) \big)^{\cop}$ constructed from a matched pair of Lie groups $G_1$ and $G_2$, on a convolution algebra $\cA=C_c^{\ify}(G_1)\rtimes G_2^{\delta}$. We give an explicit way to construct Hopf cyclic cohomology classes of our Hopf algebra $\cH$ and then realize these classes in terms of explicit representative cocycles in the cyclic cohomology of the convolution algebra $\cA$. Read More

This paper generalizes the Drinfel'd twist to the multiplier Hopf algebra case. For a multiplier Hopf algebra $A$ with a twist $J$, we construct a new multiplier Hopf algebra $A^{J}$. Furthermore, if $A$ is quasitriangular, then $A^{J}$ is also. Read More

We introduce a model-independent approach to the null test of the cosmic curvature which is geometrically related to the Hubble parameter $H(z)$ and luminosity distance $d_L(z)$. Combining the independent observations of $H(z)$ and $d_L(z)$, we use the model-independent smoothing technique, Gaussian processes, to reconstruct them and determine the cosmic curvature $\Omega_K^{(0)}$ in the null test relation. The null test is totally geometrical and without assuming any cosmological model. Read More

We reports direct and scalable measurement of multiparticle entanglement concurrence and three-tangle with embedding photonic quantum simulators. In this embedding framework [Phys. Rev. Read More

We present a nonparametric approach to reconstruct the interaction between dark energy and dark matter directly from SNIa Union 2.1 data using Gaussian processes, which is a fully Bayesian approach for smoothing data. In this method, once the equation of state ($w$) of dark energy is specified, the interaction can be reconstructed as a function of redshift. Read More

This paper considers the consensus problem for a network of nodes with random interactions and sampled-data control actions. We first show that consensus in expectation, in mean square, and almost surely are equivalent for a general random network model when the inter-sampling interval and network size satisfy a simple relation. The three types of consensus are shown to be simultaneously achieved over an independent or a Markovian random network defined on an underlying graph with a directed spanning tree. Read More

We investigate the effects of vortex interaction on the formation of interference patterns in a coherent pair of two-dimensional Bose condensed clouds of ultra-cold atoms traveling in opposite directions subject to a harmonic trapping potential. We identify linear and nonlinear regimes in the dipole oscillations of the condensates according to the balance of internal and centre-of-mass energies of the clouds. Simulations of the collision of two clouds each containing a vortex with different winding number (charge) were carried out in these regimes in order to investigate the creation of varying interference patterns. Read More

This paper introduces group-cograded monoidal Hom-Hopf algebras, and shows that this kind of group-cograded monoidal Hom-Hopf algebras are monoidal Hom-Hopf algebras in the Turaev category $\mathcal{J}_{k}$ introduced by Canepeel and De Lombaerde. Then we define the $p$-Yetter-Drinfeld category over a group-cograded monoidal Hom-Hopf algebra, and construct a new kind of braided $T$-categories. Read More

The XXX Gaudin model with generic integrable boundaries specified by the most general non-diagonal K-matrices is studied by the off-diagonal Bethe ansatz method. The eigenvalues of the associated Gaudin operators and the corresponding Bethe ansatz equations are obtained. Read More

We can directly investigate the ground state in magnetization-plateau fields (plateau ground state) using neutron diffraction measurements. We performed neutron diffraction measurements on the spin-5/2 trimer substance SrMn$_3$P$_4$O$_{14}$ in magnetization-plateau fields. The integrated intensities of magnetic reflections calculated using an expectation value of each spin in a plateau ground state of an isolated-trimer model agree well with those obtained experimentally in the magnetization-plateau fields. Read More

In this paper, we study the transport capacity of large multi-hop wireless CSMA networks. Different from previous studies which rely on the use of centralized scheduling algorithm and/or centralized routing algorithm to achieve the optimal capacity scaling law, we show that the optimal capacity scaling law can be achieved using entirely distributed routing and scheduling algorithms. Specifically, we consider a network with nodes Poissonly distributed with unit intensity on a $\sqrt{n}\times\sqrt{n}$ square $B_{n}\subset\Re^{2}$. Read More

This paper is concerned with the problem of tracking single or multiple targets with multiple non-target specific observations (measurements). For such filtering problems with data association uncertainty, a novel feedback control-based particle filter algorithm is introduced. The algorithm is referred to as the probabilistic data association-feedback particle filter (PDA-FPF). Read More

In this paper, we study the cooperative set tracking problem for a group of Lagrangian systems. Each system observes a convex set as its local target. The intersection of these local sets is the group aggregation target. Read More

This paper constructs a framework to describe and study the coordinated output regulation problem for multiple heterogeneous linear systems. Each agent is modeled as a general linear multiple-input multiple-output system with an autonomous exosystem which represents the individual offset from the group reference for the agent. The multi-agent system as a whole has a group exogenous state which represents the tracking reference for the whole group. Read More

In this paper, we provide two discrete-time multi-agent models which generate periodic behaviors. The first one is a multi-agent system of identical double integrators with input saturation constraints, while the other one is a multi-agent system of identical neutrally stable system with input saturation constraints. In each case, we show that if the feedback gain parameters of the local controller satisfy a certain condition, the multi-agent system exhibits a periodic solution. Read More

This paper considers the synchronization problem for networks of coupled nonlinear dynamical systems under switching communication topologies. Two types of nonlinear agent dynamics are considered. The first one is non-expansive dynamics (stable dynamics with a convex Lyapunov function $\varphi(\cdot)$) and the second one is dynamics that satisfies a global Lipschitz condition. Read More

In this work we use self-consistent method considering a two dimensional electron gas system in the integer quantum Hall regime, to calculate the temperature induced decay of incompressible stripes. There are two types of incompressible strips which can form in a Hall bar system by varying the electron density or magnetic field. We observe that the way of collapse of incompressible strips strongly depends on the type of them. Read More

Free-space quantum communication with satellites opens a promising avenue for global secure quantum network and large-scale test of quantum foundations. Recently, numerous experimental efforts have been carried out towards this ambitious goal. However, one essential step - transmitting single photons from the satellite to the ground with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at realistic environments - remains experimental challenging. Read More

In this paper, a novel feedback control-based particle filter algorithm for the continuous-time stochastic hybrid system estimation problem is presented. This particle filter is referred to as the interacting multiple model-feedback particle filter (IMM-FPF), and is based on the recently developed feedback particle filter. The IMM-FPF is comprised of a series of parallel FPFs, one for each discrete mode, and an exact filter recursion for the mode association probability. Read More

The quasiparticle excitation spectra of a Bose gas trapped in a highly anisotropic trap is studied with respect to varying total number of particles by numerically solving the effective one-dimensional (1D) Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation proposed recently by Mateo \textit{et al.}. We obtain the static properties and Bogoliubov spectra of the system in the high energy domain. Read More

We report a free-space entanglement-based quantum key distribution experiment, implementing the biased basis protocol between two sites which are 15.3 km apart. Photon pairs from a polarization-entangled source are distributed through two 7. Read More

We investigated the current-voltage characteristic of InAs/GaAs quantum dot intermediate band solar cells (QD IBSCs) with different n-type doping density in the QD layer. The n-type doping evidently increases the open circuit voltage, meanwhile decreases the short circuit current density, and leads to the conversion efficiency approaching that of the control solar cell, that is the major role of n-type doping is to suppress the effects of QDs on the current-voltage characteristic. Our model adopts practical parameters for simulation rather than those from detailed balanced method, so that the results in our simulation are not overestimated. Read More

In recent work it is shown that importance sampling can be avoided in the particle filter through an innovation structure inspired by traditional nonlinear filtering combined with Mean-Field Game formalisms. The resulting feedback particle filter (FPF) offers significant variance improvements; in particular, the algorithm can be applied to systems that are not stable. The filter comes with an up-front computational cost to obtain the filter gain. Read More

This paper introduces a novel feedback-control based particle filter for the solution of the filtering problem with data association uncertainty. The particle filter is referred to as the joint probabilistic data association-feedback particle filter (JPDA-FPF). The JPDA-FPF is based on the feedback particle filter introduced in our earlier papers. Read More

A new formulation of the particle filter for nonlinear filtering is presented, based on concepts from optimal control, and from the mean-field game theory. The optimal control is chosen so that the posterior distribution of a particle matches as closely as possible the posterior distribution of the true state given the observations. This is achieved by introducing a cost function, defined by the Kullback-Leibler (K-L) divergence between the actual posterior, and the posterior of any particle. Read More

For a regular multiplier Hopf algebra $A$, the Yetter-Drinfel'd module category ${}_{A}\mathcal{YD}^{A}$ is equivalent to the centre $Z({}_{A}\mathcal{M})$ of the unital left $A$-module category ${}_{A}\mathcal{M}$. Then we introduce the generalized $(\alpha, \beta)$-Yetter-Drinfel'd module categories ${}_{A}\mathcal{GYD}^{A}(\alpha, \beta)$, which are treated as components of a braided $T$-category. Especially when $A$ is a coFrobenius Hopf algebra, ${}_{A}\mathcal{YD}^{A}(\alpha, \beta)$ is isomorphic to the unital $\hat{A} \bowtie A(\alpha, \beta)$-module category ${}_{\hat{A} \bowtie A(\alpha, \beta)}\mathcal{M}$. Read More

We propose a novel space-division based network-coding scheme for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) two-way relay channels (TWRCs), in which two multi-antenna users exchange information via a multi-antenna relay. In the proposed scheme, the overall signal space at the relay is divided into two subspaces. In one subspace, the spatial streams of the two users have nearly orthogonal directions, and are completely decoded at the relay. Read More

In this paper, we propose a novel communication strategy which incorporates physical-layer network coding (PNC) into multiple-input multiple output (MIMO) two-way relay channels (TWRCs). At the heart of the proposed scheme lies a new key technique referred to as eigen-direction alignment (EDA) precoding. The EDA precoding efficiently aligns the two-user's eigen-modes into the same directions. Read More

We study a spin-5/2 antiferromagnetic trimerized chain substance SrMn3P4O14 using neutron powder diffraction experiments. The coplanar spiral magnetic structure appears below T_N1 = 2.2(1) K. Read More

Let $H$ and $L$ be quantum groupoids. If $H$ has a quasitriangular structure, then we show that $L$ induces a Hopf algebra $C_{L}(L_s)$ in the category $_{H}\mathcal{M}$, which generalizes the transmutation theory introduced by Majid. Furthermore, if $H$ is commutative, we can construct a Hopf algebra $C_H(H_s)_F$ in the category $_H\mathcal{M}_F$ for a weak invertible unit 2-cocycle $F$, which generalizes the results in \cite{D83}. Read More

Based on a pairing of two regular multiplier Hopf algebras $A$ and $B$, Heisenberg double $\mathscr{H}$ is the smash product $A \# B$ with respect to the left regular action of $B$ on $A$. Let $\mathscr{D}=A\bowtie B$ be the Drinfel'd double, then Heisenberg double $\mathscr{H}$ is a Yetter-Drinfel'd $\mathscr{D}$-module algebra, and it is also braided commutative by the braiding of Yetter-Drinfel'd module, which generalizes the results in [10] to some infinite dimensional cases. Read More

A quantum-mechanical 1/3 magnetization plateau and magnetic long-range order appear in the large-spin (5/2) substance SrMn3P4O14. Magnetization results of SrMn3P4O14 can be explained by the spin-5/2 isolated antiferromagnetic linear trimer with the intra-trimer interaction ($J_1$) value of 4.0 K. Read More