Tao Huang - Institute of High Energy Physics

Tao Huang
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Name
Tao Huang
Affiliation
Institute of High Energy Physics
Country
China

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (25)
 
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (13)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (4)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (4)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (4)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (2)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (2)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
 
Statistics - Methodology (2)
 
Statistics - Theory (2)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)

Publications Authored By Tao Huang

This paper is concerned with learning of mixture regression models for individuals that are measured repeatedly. The adjective "unsupervised" implies that the number of mixing components is unknown and has to be determined, ideally by data driven tools. For this purpose, a novel penalized method is proposed to simultaneously select the number of mixing components and to estimate the mixing proportions and unknown parameters in the models. Read More

For suitable initial and boundary data, we construct infinitely many weak solutions to the nematic liquid crystal flows in dimension three. These solutions are in the axisymmetric class with bounded energy and backward bubbling at a large time. Read More

Nonparametric regression models with locally stationary covariates have received increasing interest in recent years. As a nice relief of "curse of dimensionality" induced by large dimension of covariates, additive regression model is commonly used. However, in locally stationary context, to catch the dynamic nature of regression function, we adopt a flexible varying-coefficient additive model where the regression function has the form $\alpha_{0}\left(u\right)+\sum_{k=1}^{p}\alpha_{k}\left(u\right)\beta_{k}\left(x_{k}\right). Read More

Recently, there are significant advances in the areas of networking, caching and computing. Nevertheless, these three important areas have traditionally been addressed separately in the existing research. In this paper, we present a novel framework that integrates networking, caching and computing in a systematic way and enables dynamic orchestration of these three resources to improve the end-to-end system performance and meet the requirements of different applications. Read More

The original concept of physical-layer network coding (PNC) was first proposed in a MobiCom challenge paper in 2006 as a new paradigm to boost the throughput of wireless relay networks. Since then, PNC has attracted a wide following within the research community. A high point of PNC research was a theoretical proof that the use of nested lattice codes in PNC could achieve the capacity of a two-way relay network to within half bit. Read More

In this paper, we will study the bubbling phenomena of approximate harmonic maps in dimension two that have either (i) bounded $L^2$-tension fields under the weak anchoring condition, or (ii) bounded $L\log L \cap M^{1,\delta}$-tension fields under the strong anchoring condition. Read More

Let $(M,g)$ be a four dimensional compact Riemannian manifold with boundary and $(N,h)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary. We show the existence of a unique, global weak solution of the heat flow of extrinsic biharmonic maps from $M$ to $N$ under the Dirichlet boundary condition, which is regular with the exception of at most finitely many time slices. We also discuss the behavior of solution near the singular times. Read More

In this paper, we study the properties of the twist-3 distribution amplitude (DA) of the heavy pseudo-scalars such as $\eta_c$, $B_c$ and $\eta_b$. New sum rules for the twist-3 DA moments $\left<\xi^n_P\right>_{\rm HP}$ and $\left<\xi^n_\sigma\right>_{\rm HP}$ up to sixth orders and up to dimension-six condensates are deduced under the framework of the background field theory. Based on the sum rules for the twist-3 DA moments, we construct a new model for the two twist-3 DAs of the heavy pseudo-scalar with the help of the Brodsky-Huang-Lepage prescription. Read More

It is noted that the low-energy behavior of the pion-photon transition form factor $F_{\pi\gamma}(Q^2)$ is sensitive to the transverse distribution of the pion wavefunction, and its high-energy behavior is sensitive to the longitudinal one. Thus a careful study on $F_{\pi\gamma}(Q^2)$ can provide helpful information on the pion wavefunction precisely. In this paper, we present a combined analysis of the data on $F_{\pi\gamma}(Q^2)$ reported by the CELLO, the CLEO, the BABAR and the BELLE collaborations. Read More

In this article, we present the scalar-diquark-scalar-diquark-antiquark type and scalar-diquark-axialvector-diquark-antiquark type pentaquark configurations in the diquark model, and study the masses and pole residues of the $J^P={\frac{1}{2}}^\pm$ hidden-charmed pentaquark states in details with the QCD sum rules by extending our previous work on the $J^P={\frac{3}{2}}^-$ and ${\frac{5}{2}}^{+}$ hidden-charmed pentaquark states. We calculate the contributions of the vacuum condensates up to dimension-10 in the operator product expansion by constructing both the scalar-diquark-scalar-diquark-antiquark type and scalar-diquark-axialvector-diquark-antiquark type interpolating currents. The present predictions of the masses can be confronted to the LHCb experimental data in the future. Read More

A beam line is built after the IHEP RFQ for halo study. To determine transverse emittance and ellipse parameters of the RFQ output beam, beam size data obtained from the first two of 14 wire scanners are employed. By using the transfer matrix method and the least square method, a set of linear equations were set up and solved. Read More

In this paper, we consider the initial and boundary value problem of a simplified nematic liquid crystal flow in dimension three and construct two examples of finite time singularity. The first example is constructed within the class of axisymmetric solutions, while the second example is constructed for any generic initial data $(u_0,d_0)$ that has sufficiently small energy, and $d_0$ has a nontrivial topology Read More

For the nonlinear wave equation $u_{tt} - c(u)\big(c(u) u_x\big)_x~=~0$, it is well known that solutions can develop singularities in finite time. For an open dense set of initial data, the present paper provides a detailed asymptotic description of the solution in a neighborhood of each singular point, where $|u_x|\to\infty$. The different structure of conservative and dissipative solutions is analyzed. Read More

A new H^- ion source has been installed successfully and will be used to serve the China Spallation Neutron Source (CSNS). In this paper, we report various components of the ion source, including discharge chamber, temperature, cooling system, extraction electrodes, analyzing magnet, remote control system and so on. Compared to the previous experimental ion source, some improvements have been made to make the ion source more compact and convenient. Read More

In this paper, we study the leading-twist distribution amplitude (DA) of the heavy pseudoscalars (HPs), such as $\eta_c$, $\eta_b$ and $B_c$, within the QCD theory in the background fields. New sum rules up to dimension-six condensates for both the HP decay constants and their leading-twist DA moments are presented. From the sum rules for the HP decay constants, we obtain $f_{\eta_c} = 453 \pm 4 \textrm{MeV}$, $f_{B_c} = 498 \pm 14 \textrm{MeV}$, and $f_{\eta_b} = 811 \pm 34 \textrm{MeV}$. Read More

The paper introduces a new way to construct dissipative solutions to a second order variational wave equation. By a variable transformation, from the nonlinear PDE one obtains a semilinear hyperbolic system with sources. In contrast with the conservative case, here the source terms are discontinuous and the discontinuities are not always crossed transversally. Read More

In this paper, we establish an $\epsilon$-regularity criterion for any weak solution $(u,d)$ to the nematic liquid crystal flow (1.1) such that $(u,\nabla d)\in L^p_tL^q_x$ for some $p\ge 2$ and $q\ge n$ satisfying the condition (1.2). Read More

We study the pion leading-twist distribution amplitude (DA) within the framework of SVZ sum rules under the background field theory. To improve the accuracy of the sum rules, we expand both the quark propagator and the vertex $(z\cdot \tensor{D})^n$ of the correlator up to dimension-six operators in the background field theory. The sum rules for the pion DA moments are obtained, in which all condensates up to dimension-six have been taken into consideration. Read More

In this article, we construct both the color singlet-singlet type and octet-octet type currents to interpolate the $X(3872)$, $Z_c(3900)$, $Z_b(10610)$, and calculate the vacuum condensates up to dimension-10 in the operator product expansion. Then we study the axial-vector hidden charmed and hidden bottom molecular states with the QCD sum rules, explore the energy scale dependence of the QCD sum rules for the heavy molecular states in details, and use the formula $\mu=\sqrt{M^2_{X/Y/Z}-(2{\mathbb{M}}_Q)^2}$ with the effective masses ${\mathbb{M}}_Q$ to determine the energy scales. The numerical results support assigning the $X(3872)$, $Z_c(3900)$, $Z_b(10610)$ as the color singlet-singlet type molecular states with $J^{PC}=1^{++}$, $1^{+-}$, $1^{+-}$, respectively, more theoretical and experimental works are still needed to distinguish the molecule and tetraquark assignments; while there are no candidates for the color octet-octet type molecular states. Read More

In this article, we study the axial-vector mesons $Z_b(10610)$ and $Z_b(10650)$ with the $C\gamma_\mu-C\gamma_5$ type and $C\gamma_\mu-C\gamma_\nu$ type interpolating currents respectively by carrying out the operator product expansion to the vacuum condensates up to dimension-10. In calculations, we explore the energy scale dependence of the QCD spectral densities of the hidden bottom tetraquark states in details for the first time, and suggest a formula $\mu=\sqrt{M^2_{X/Y/Z}-(2{\mathbb{M}}_b)^2}$ with the effective mass ${\mathbb{M}}_b=5.13\,\rm{GeV}$ to determine the energy scales. Read More

We present a short review on the properties of heavy and light mesons' light-cone wavefunctions (LCWFs), and their distribution amplitudes (DAs). The B meson LCWFs can be treated by taking the heavy quark limit ($m_b\to\infty$) and by using the heavy quark effective theory. Furthermore, we propose a simple model for the B meson WFs with 3-particle Fock states' contributions, whose behaviors are controlled by two parameters $\bar\Lambda$ and $\delta$. Read More

In this paper, we study the formation of finite time singularities in the form of super norm blowup for a spatially inhomogeneous hyperbolic system. The system is related to the variational wave equations as those in [18]. The system posses a unique $C^1$ solution before the emergence of vacuum in finite time, for given initial data that are smooth enough, bounded and uniformly away from vacuum. Read More

In this article, we distinguish the charge conjunctions of the interpolating currents, calculate the contributions of the vacuum condensates up to dimension-10 in a consistent way in the operator product expansion, study the masses and pole residues of the $J^{PC}=1^{+\pm}$ hidden charmed tetraquark states with the QCD sum rules, and explore the energy scale dependence in details for the first time. The predictions $M_{X}=3.87^{+0. Read More

How to construct a suitable measurement matrix is still an open question in compressed sensing. A significant part of the recent work is that the measurement matrices are not completely random on the entries but exhibit considerable structure. In this paper, we proved that the symmetric Toeplitz matrix and its transforms can be used as measurement matrix and recovery signal with high probability. Read More

Finding a suitable measurement matrix is an important topic in compressed sensing. Though the known random matrix, whose entries are drawn independently from a certain probability distribution, can be used as a measurement matrix and recover signal well, in most cases, we hope the measurement matrix imposed with some special structure. In this paper, based on random graph models, we show that the mixed symmetric random matrices, whose diagonal entries obey a distribution and non-diagonal entries obey another distribution, can be used to recover signal successfully with high probability. Read More

Right now, we have not enough knowledge to determine the hadron distribution amplitudes (DAs) which are universal physical quantities in the high energy processes involving hadron for applying pQCD to exclusive processes. Even for the simplest pion, one can't discriminate from different DA models. Inversely, one expects that processes involving pion can in principle provide strong constraints on the pion DA. Read More

It is believed that one can extract more accurate information of the pion distribution amplitude from the pion-photon transition form factor (TFF) due to the single pion in this process. However the BABAR and Belle data of the pion-photon TFF have a big difference for $Q^2\in [15,40]$ GeV$^2$, and at present, the pion DA can not be definitely determined from the pion-photon TFF. it is crucial to find the right pion DA behavior and to determine which data is more reliable. Read More

This paper is concerned with an important issue in finite mixture modelling, the selection of the number of mixing components. We propose a new penalized likelihood method for model selection of finite multivariate Gaussian mixture models. The proposed method is shown to be statistically consistent in determining of the number of components. Read More

The task of compressed sensing is to recover a sparse vector from a small number of linear and non-adaptive measurements, and the problem of finding a suitable measurement matrix is very important in this field. While most recent works focused on random matrices with entries drawn independently from certain probability distributions, in this paper we show that a partial random symmetric Bernoulli matrix whose entries are not independent, can be used to recover signal from observations successfully with high probability. The experimental results also show that the proposed matrix is a suitable measurement matrix. Read More

In this paper, we first establish regularity of the heat flow of biharmonic maps into the unit sphere $S^L\subset\mathbb R^{L+1}$ under a smallness condition of renormalized total energy. For the class of such solutions to the heat flow of biharmonic maps, we prove the properties of uniqueness, convexity of hessian energy, and unique limit at time infinity. We establish both regularity and uniqueness for the class of weak solutions $u$ to the heat flow of biharmonic maps into any compact Riemannian manifold $N$ without boundary such that $\nabla^2 u\in L^q_tL^p_x$ for some $p>n/2$ and $q>2$ satisfying (1. Read More

In this paper, we establish the uniqueness of heat flow of harmonic maps into (N, h) that have sufficiently small renormalized energies, provided that N is either a unit sphere $S^{k-1}$ or a compact Riemannian homogeneous manifold without boundary. For such a class of solutions, we also establish the convexity property of the Dirichlet energy for $t\ge t_0>0$ and the unique limit property at time infinity. As a corollary, the uniqueness is shown for heat flow of harmonic maps into any compact Riemannian manifold N without boundary whose gradients belong to $L^q_t L^l_x$ for $q>2$ and $l>n$ satisfying the Serrin's condition. Read More

The pion-photon transition form factor (TFF) provides strong constraints on the pion distribution amplitude (DA). We perform an analysis of all existing data (CELLO, CLEO, BaBar, Belle) on the pion-photon TFF by means of light-cone pQCD approach in which we include the next-to-leading order correction to the valence-quark contribution and estimate the non-valence-quark contribution by a phenomenological model based on the TFF's limiting behavior at both $Q^2\to 0$ and $Q^2\to\infty$. At present, the pion DA is not definitely determined, it is helpful to have a pion DA model that can mimic all the suggested behaviors, especially to agree with the constraints from the pion-photon TFF in whole measured region within a consistent way. Read More

We present a QCD study on $B, D\to\pi$ semileptonic transitions at zero momentum transfer and an estimate of magnitudes of the associated CKM matrix elements. Light cone sum rules (LCSRs) with chiral correlator are applied to calculate the form factors $f^{B\to \pi}_+(0)$ and $f^{D\to \pi}_+(0)$. We show that there is no twist-3 and-5 component involved in the light-cone expansions such that the resulting sum rules have a good convergence and offer an understanding of these form factors at twist-5 level. Read More

Many localization algorithms and systems have been developed by means of wireless sensor networks for both indoor and outdoor environments. To achieve higher localization accuracy, extra hardware equipments are utilized by most of the existing localization solutions, which increase the cost and considerably limit the location-based applications. The Internet of Things (IOT) integrates many technologies, such as Internet, Zigbee, Bluetooth, infrared, WiFi, GPRS, 3G, etc, which can enable different ways to obtain the location information of various objects. Read More

Based on the intanton approximation of Skyrmion and recent progresses on the holographic approach, we study baryon properties using Skyrmions generated from holographic instantons. First we employ Atiyah and Manton's early observation to show that the instanton approximation gives the correct infrared behavior for the Skyrmion solution, and thus those of the electromagnetic form factors of the nucleon. We then use Skyrmions generated from flat-space instanton solutions to study various baryon properties, treating the instanton size as an arbitrary variable. Read More

In this article, we calculate the in-medium mass modifications of the scalar mesons $D_0$ and $B_0$ using the QCD sum rules. In calculations, we observe that the $D_0N$ and $B_0N$ scattering lengths are about $1.1\,\rm{fm}$ and $4. Read More

In this article, we calculate the form-factors of the transitions $B \to a_1(1260)$, $b_1(1235) $ in the leading-order approximation using the light-cone QCD sum rules. In calculations, we choose the chiral current to interpolate the $B$-meson, which has outstanding advantage that the twist-3 light-cone distribution amplitudes of the axial-vector mesons have no contributions, and the resulting sum rules for the form-factors suffer from much less uncertainties. Then we study the semi-leptonic decays $B \to a_1(1260) l\bar{\nu}_l$, $b_1(1235) l\bar{\nu}_l$ $(l=e,\mu,\tau)$, and make predictions for the differential decay widths and decay widths, which can be confronted with the experimental data in the coming future. Read More

The meson-photon transition form factors $\gamma\gamma^*\to P$ ($P$ stands for $\pi$, $\eta$ and $\eta'$) provide strong constraints on the distribution amplitudes of the pseudoscalar mesons. In this paper, these transition form factors are calculated under the light-cone perturbative QCD approach, in which both the valence and non-valence quarks' contributions have been taken into consideration. To be consistent, an unified wavefunction model is adopted to analyze these form factors. Read More

We try to understand the recently observed anomalous behavior of the photon-to-pion transition form factor in the holographic QCD approach. First the holographic description of the anomalous \gamma^*\gamma^*\pi^0 form factor is reviewed and applied to various models. It is illustrated that in describing the anomalous form factor, the holographic approach is asymptotically dual to the perturbative QCD (pQCD) framework, with the pion mode \pi(z)\sim z corresponding to the asymptotic pion distribution amplitude. Read More

In this paper, we establish a blow up criterion for the short time classical solution of the nematic liquid crystal ow, a simplified version of Ericksen-Leslie system modeling the hydrodynamic evolution of nematic liquid crystals, in dimensions two and three. More precisely, $0Read More

We study strong solutions of the simplified Ericksen-Leslie system modeling compressible nematic liquid crystal flows in a domain $\Omega \subset\mathbb R^3$. We first prove the local existence of unique strong solutions provided that the initial data $\rho_0, u_0, d_0$are sufficiently regular and satisfy a natural compatibility condition. The initial density function $\rho_0$ may vanish on an open subset (i. Read More

In this paper, we consider the short time strong solution to a simplified hydrodynamic flow modeling the compressible, nematic liquid crystal materials in dimension three. We establish a criterion for possible breakdown of such solutions at finite time in terms of the temporal integral of both the maximum norm of the deformation tensor of velocity gradient and the square of maximum norm of gradient of liquid crystal director field. Read More

$B_{(s)}$ semi-leptonic decays to the light scalar meson, $B_{(s)}\to S l\bar{\nu}_l, S l \bar{l}\,\,(l=e,\mu,\tau)$, are investigated in the QCD light-cone sum rules (LCSR) with chiral current correlator. Having little knowledge of ingredients of the scalar mesons, we confine ourself to the two quark picture for them and work with the two possible Scenarios. The resulting sum rules for the form factors receive no contributions from the twist-3 distribution amplitudes (DA's), in comparison with the calculation of the conventional LCSR approach where the twist-3 parts play usually an important role. Read More

Many localization algorithms and systems have been developed by means of wireless sensor networks for both indoor and outdoor environments. To achieve higher localization accuracy, extra hardware equipments are utilized by most of the existing localization algorithms, which increase the cost and greatly limit the range of location-based applications. In this paper we present a method which can effectively meet different localization accuracy requirements of most indoor and outdoor location services in realistic applications. Read More

The new BABAR data on the pion-photon transition form factor arouses people's new interests on the determination of pion distribution amplitude. To explain the data, we take both the leading valence quark state's and the non-valence quark states' contributions into consideration, where the valence quark part up to next-to-leading order is presented and the non-valence quark part is estimated by a phenomenological model based on its limiting behavior at both $Q^2\to 0$ and $Q^2\to\infty$. Our results show that to be consistent with the new BABAR data at large $Q^2$ region, a broader other than the asymptotic-like pion distribution amplitude should be adopted. Read More

We calculate the cross section of the exclusive process $e^{+} +e^{-}\to J/\psi+\eta_c$ at the leading order approximation within the QCD light-cone sum rules (LCSR) approach. It is found that the form factor $F_{VP}(V=J/\psi,P=\eta_c)$ depends mainly on the behavior of the twist-2 distribution amplitude of the $\eta_c$-meson at the scale of this process. Thus in order to obtain a reliable estimation of the cross section, it is important to have a realistic distribution amplitude of the $\eta_c$ meson, and to deal with the evolution of the distribution amplitude to the effective energy scale of the process. Read More

The $\gamma^{*}\rho^0\to\pi^0$ transition form factor is extracted from recent result for the $\gamma^* \gamma^* \pi^0$ form factor obtained in the extended hard-wall AdS/QCD model with a Chern-Simons term. In the large momentum region, the form factor exhibits a $1/Q^4$ behavior, in accordance with the perturbative QCD analysis, and also with the Light-Cone Sum Rule (LCSR) result if the pion wave function exhibits the same endpoint behavior as the asymptotic one. The appearance of this power behavior from the AdS side and the LCSR approach seem to be rather similar: both of them come from the {"}soft" contributions. Read More

Based on the approach of the vector form factor $F^{+}_{B\to\pi, K}(q^2)$ in our previous papers, we extend the calculation of the radiative corrections to the $B\to P$ ($P$ stands $\pi$, $K$ and all light pseudoscalar mesons) scalar and tensor form factors $F^{0,T}_{B\to P}(q^2)$ with chiral current in the light-cone sum rules (LCSRs). The most uncertain twist-3 contributions to the $B\to P$ form factors can be naturally eliminated through a properly designed correlator. We present the next-leading-order formulae of $F^{+,0,T}_{B\to P}(q^2)$ with the $b$-quark pole mass that is universal. Read More

The improved light-cone QCD sum rules by using chiral current correlator is systematically reviewed and applied to the calculation of all the heavy-to-light form factors, including all the semileptonic and penguin ones. By choosing suitable chiral currents, the light-cone sum rules for all the form factors are greatly simplified and depend mainly on one leading twist distribution amplitude of the light meson. As a result, relations between these form factors arise naturally. Read More

We present a systematical study on the kaon electromagnetic form factors $F_{K^{\pm},K^0,\bar{K}^0}(Q^2)$ within the $k_T$ factorization formalism, where the transverse momentum effects, the contributions from the different helicity components and different twist structures of the kaon light-cone (LC) wave function are carefully analyzed for giving a well understanding of the hard contributions at the energy region where pQCD is applicable. The right power behavior of the hard contribution from the higher helicity components and from the higher twist structures can be obtained by keeping the $k_T$ dependence in the hard amplitude. Our results show that the $k_T$ dependence in LC wave function affects the hard and soft contributions substantially and the power-suppressed terms (twist-3 and higher helicity components) make an important contribution below $Q^2\sim several GeV^2$ although they drop fast as $Q^2$ increasing. Read More