Takuya Kanazawa

Takuya Kanazawa
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Takuya Kanazawa

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High Energy Physics - Lattice (23)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (17)
High Energy Physics - Theory (16)
Nuclear Theory (5)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (2)
Mathematical Physics (2)
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)

Publications Authored By Takuya Kanazawa

We study chemical-potential dependence of confinement and mass gap in QCD with adjoint fermions in spacetime with one spatial compact direction. By calculating the one-loop effective potential for the Wilson line in the presence of chemical potential, we show that a center-symmetric phase and a center-broken phase alternate when the chemical potential in unit of the compactification scale is increased. In the center-symmetric phase we use semiclassical methods to show that photons in the magnetic bion plasma acquire a mass gap that grows with the chemical potential as a result of anisotropic interactions between monopole-instantons. Read More

We study the interplay between the Kondo effect and (color) superconductivity in doped Dirac metals with magnetic impurities and in quark matter with colorful impurities. We first point out that the overscreened Kondo effect arises in the normal state of these systems. Next the (color) superconducting gap is incorporated as a mean field and the phase diagram for a varying gap and temperature is constructed nonperturbatively. Read More

Motivated by experiments with cold atoms, we investigate a mobile impurity immersed in a Fermi sea in three dimensions at zero temperature by means of the functional renormalization group. We first perform the derivative expansion of the effective action to calculate the ground state energy and Tan's contact across the polaron-molecule transition for several mass imbalances. Next we study quasiparticle properties of the impurity by using a real-time method recently developed in nuclear physics, which allows one to go beyond the derivative expansion. Read More

We reconsider critical properties of O(N) scalar models with cubic interactions in $d>4$ dimensions using functional renormalization group equations. Working at next-to-leading order in the derivative expansion, we find non-trivial IR fixed points at small and intermediate N from beta functions for relevant cubic terms. The putative fixed point at large N suggested recently by higher spin holography and the epsilon-expansion is also discussed, with an emphasis on stability of the effective potential. Read More

We study an unconventional chiral random matrix model with a heavy-tailed probabilistic weight. The model is shown to exhibit chiral symmetry breaking with no bilinear condensate, in analogy to the Stern phase of QCD. We solve the model analytically and obtain the microscopic spectral density and the smallest eigenvalue distribution for an arbitrary number of flavors and arbitrary quark masses. Read More

We present a lattice formulation of non-Abelian Lifshitz-type gauge theories. Due to anisotropic scaling of space and time, the theory is asymptotically free even in five dimensions. We show results of Monte Carlo simulations that suggest a smooth approach to the continuum limit. Read More

We apply QCD-inspired techniques to study nonrelativistic N-component degenerate fermions with attractive interactions. By analyzing the singular-value spectrum of the fermion matrix in the Lagrangian, we derive several exact relations that characterize the spontaneous symmetry breaking U(1)xSU(N)$\to$Sp(N) through bifermion condensates. These are nonrelativistic analogues of the Banks-Casher relation and the Smilga-Stern relation in QCD. Read More

We derive some exact results concerning the anomalous U(1)$_A$ symmetry in the chirally symmetric phase of QCD at high temperature. We discuss the importance of topology and finite-volume effects on the U(1)$_A$ symmetry violation characterized by the difference of chiral susceptibilities. In particular, we present a reliable method to measure the anomaly strength in lattice simulations with fixed topology. Read More

While chiral symmetry breaking in the QCD vacuum is attributed to nonzero chiral condensate, an alternative symmetry breaking pattern with no chiral condensate is also possible, as pointed out by Stern. This hypothetical phase was excluded in QCD at zero density long time ago, but nothing forbids it at finite baryon density. In this work, we study the $\theta$ dependence of this unorthodox phase on the basis of chiral perturbation theory. Read More

We investigate low-energy fluctuations in the real kink crystal phase of dense quark matter within the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. The modulated chiral condensate breaks both the translational symmetry and chiral symmetry spontaneously, which leads to the appearance of phonons and pions that are dominant degrees of freedom in the infrared. Using the Ginzburg-Landau expansion near the Lifshitz point, we derive elastic free energies for phonons and pions in dependence on the temperature and chemical potential. Read More

The Picard-Lefschetz theory offers a promising tool to solve the sign problem in QCD and other field theories with complex path-integral weight. In this paper the Lefschetz-thimble approach is examined in simple fermionic models which share some features with QCD. In zero-dimensional versions of the Gross-Neveu model and the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, we study the structure of Lefschetz thimbles and its variation across the chiral phase transition. Read More

A lattice formulation of Lifshitz-type gauge theories is presented. While the Lorentz-invariant Yang-Mills theory is not renormalizable in five dimensions, non-Abelian Lifshitz-type gauge theories are renormalizable and asymptotically free. We construct a lattice gauge action and numerically examine the continuum limit and the bulk phase structure. Read More

Thermodynamics of the three-flavor quark-meson model with axial anomaly is studied in the presence of external magnetic fields. The nonperturbative functional renormalization group is employed in order to incorporate quantum and thermal fluctuations beyond the mean-field approximation. We calculate the magnetic susceptibility with proper renormalization and find that the system is diamagnetic in the hadron phase and paramagnetic in the hot plasma phase. Read More

We show, without using semiclassical approximations, that, in high-temperature QCD with chiral symmetry restoration and U(1) axial symmetry breaking, the partition function for sufficiently light quarks can be expressed as an ensemble of noninteracting objects with topological charge that obey the Poisson statistics. We argue that the topological objects are "quasi-instantons" (rather than bare instantons) taking into account quantum effects. Our result is valid even close to the (pseudo)critical temperature of the chiral phase transition. Read More

We generalize QCD at asymptotically large isospin chemical potential to an arbitrary even number of flavors. We also allow for small quark chemical potentials, which stress the coincident Fermi surfaces of the paired quarks and lead to a sign problem in Monte Carlo simulations. We derive the corresponding low-energy effective theory in both $p$- and $\epsilon$-expansion and quantify the severity of the sign problem. Read More

We investigate QCD with adjoint Dirac fermions on $\mathbb{R}^3\times S^1$ with generic boundary conditions for fermions along $S^1$. By means of perturbation theory, semiclassical methods and a chiral effective model, we elucidate a rich phase structure in the space spanned by the $S^1$ compactification scale $L$, twisted fermionic boundary condition $\phi$ and the fermion mass $m$. We found various phases with or without chiral and center symmetry breaking, separated by first- and second-order phase transitions, which in specific limits ($\phi=0$, $\phi=\pi$, $L\to 0$ and $m\to \infty$) reproduce known results in the literature. Read More

For theories with a sign problem there is no analog of the Banks-Casher relation. This is true in particular for QCD at nonzero quark chemical potential. However, for QCD-like theories without a sign problem the Banks-Casher relation can be extended to the case of complex Dirac eigenvalues. Read More

We investigate the quark-meson model in a magnetic field using the exact functional renormalization group equation beyond the local-potential approximation. Our truncation of the effective action involves anisotropic wave function renormalization for mesons, which allows us to investigate how the magnetic field distorts the propagation of neutral mesons. Solving the flow equation numerically, we find that the transverse velocity of mesons decreases with the magnetic field at all temperatures, which is most prominent at zero temperature. Read More

At nonzero density the eigenvalues of the Dirac operator move into the complex plane, while its singular values remain real and nonnegative. In QCD-like theories, the singular-value spectrum carries information on the diquark (or pionic) condensate. We have constructed low-energy effective theories in different density regimes and derived a number of exact results for the Dirac singular values, including Banks-Casher-type relations for the diquark (or pionic) condensate, Smilga-Stern-type relations for the slope of the singular-value density, and Leutwyler-Smilga-type sum rules for the inverse singular values. Read More

We derive a new Banks-Casher-type relation which relates the density of complex Dirac eigenvalues at the origin to the BCS gap of quarks at high density. Our relation is applicable to QCD and QCD-like theories without a sign problem, such as two-color QCD and adjoint QCD with baryon chemical potential, and QCD with isospin chemical potential. It provides us with a method to measure the BCS gap through the Dirac spectrum on the lattice. Read More

We study the singular values of the Dirac operator in dense QCD-like theories at zero temperature. The Dirac singular values are real and nonnegative at any nonzero quark density. The scale of their spectrum is set by the diquark condensate, in contrast to the complex Dirac eigenvalues whose scale is set by the chiral condensate at low density and by the BCS gap at high density. Read More

We discuss a random matrix theory that was originally constructed to describe two-color QCD at low density in the phase with a nonzero chiral condensate. With a particular choice of a parameter, the same random matrix theory also describes the high-density phase of two-color QCD. In this phase a BCS superfluid of diquark pairs is formed, and the pattern of chiral symmetry breaking is very different from that at low density. Read More

Non-Abelian vortices are topologically stable objects in the color-flavor locked (CFL) phase of dense QCD. We derive a dual Lagrangian starting with the Ginzburg-Landau effective Lagrangian for the CFL phase, and obtain topological interactions of non-Abelian vortices with quasiparticles such as $U(1)_B$ Nambu-Goldstone bosons (phonons) and massive gluons. We find that the phonons couple to the translational zero modes of the vortices while the gluons couple to their orientational zero modes in the internal space. Read More

We identify a non-Hermitian chiral random matrix theory that corresponds to two-color QCD at high density. We show that the partition function of the random matrix theory coincides with the partition function of the finite-volume effective theory at high density, and that the Leutwyler-Smilga-type spectral sum rules of the random matrix theory are identical to those derived from the effective theory. The microscopic Dirac spectrum of the theory is governed by the BCS gap, rather than the conventional chiral condensate. Read More

We report on our analytical study of two-color QCD with an even number of flavors at high baryon density. Based on the pattern of chiral symmetry breaking induced by BCS-type diquark pairing we construct the low-energy effective Lagrangian for the Nambu-Goldstone bosons. We also identify a new epsilon-regime at high baryon density and derive Leutwyler-Smilga-type spectral sum rules for the complex eigenvalues of the Dirac operator in terms of the fermion gap. Read More

We analytically study two-color QCD with an even number of flavors at high baryon density. This theory is free from the fermion sign problem. Chiral symmetry is broken spontaneously by the diquark condensate. Read More

We study the properties of QCD at high baryon density in a finite volume where color superconductivity occurs. We derive exact sum rules for complex eigenvalues of the Dirac operator at finite chemical potential, and show that the Dirac spectrum is directly related to the color superconducting gap $\Delta$. Also, we find a characteristic signature of color superconductivity: an X-shaped spectrum of partition function zeros in the complex quark mass plane near the origin, reflecting the $Z(2)_{L} \times Z(2)_{R}$ symmetry of the diquark pairing. Read More

We extend the inequality of Tomboulis and Yaffe in SU(2) lattice gauge theory (LGT) to SU(N) LGT and to general classical spin systems, by use of reflection positivity. Basically the inequalities guarantee that a system in a box that is sufficiently insensitive to boundary conditions has a non-zero mass gap. We explicitly illustrate the theorem in some solvable models. Read More

In order to get a clue to understanding the volume-dependence of vortex free energy (which is defined as the ratio of the twisted against the untwisted partition function), we investigate the relation between vortex free energies defined on lattices of different sizes. An equality is derived through a simple calculation which equates a general linear combination of vortex free energies defined on a lattice to that on a smaller lattice. The couplings in the denominator and in the numerator however shows a discrepancy, and we argue that it vanishes in the thermodynamic limit. Read More