Taejin Lee - Kangwon National University and APCTP

Taejin Lee
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Taejin Lee
Kangwon National University and APCTP

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High Energy Physics - Theory (44)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (9)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Quantum Physics (2)
Computer Science - Sound (2)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (1)

Publications Authored By Taejin Lee

We study covariant open bosonic string field theories on multiple $Dp$-branes by using the deformed cubic string field theory which is equivalent to the string field theory in the proper-time gauge. Constructing the Fock space representations of the three-string vertex and the four-string vertex on multiple $Dp$-branes, we obtain the field theoretical effective action in the zero-slope limit. On the multiple $D0$-branes, the effective action reduces to the Banks-Fishler-Shenker-Susskind (BFSS) matrix model. Read More

We study a consistent deformation of the cubic open bosonic string theory in such a way that the non-planar world sheet diagrams of the perturbative string theory are mapped onto their equivalent planar diagrams of the light-cone string field theory with some length parameters fixed. An explicit evaluation of the cubic string vertex in the zero-slope limit yields the correct relationship between the string coupling constant and the Yang-Mills coupling constant. The deformed cubic open string field theory is shown to produce the non-Abelian Yang-Mills action in the zero-slope limit if it is defined on multiple D-branes. Read More

We construct a covariant open bosonic string field theory on multiple D-branes, which reduces to a non-Abelian group Yang-Mills gauge theory in the zero-slope limit. Making use of the first quantized open bosonic string in the proper time gauge, we convert the string amplitudes given by the Polyakov path integrals on string world sheets into those of the second quantized theory. The world sheet diagrams generated by the constructed open string field theory are planar in contrast to those of the Witten's cubic string field theory. Read More

Applying the Fermi-Bose equivalence and the boundary state formulation, we study the hetero-junction of two quantum wires. Two quantum wires are described by Tomonaga-Luttinger (TL) liquids with different TL parameters and electrons transport between two wires is depicted by a simple hopping interaction. We calculate the radiative corrections to the hopping interaction and obtain the renormalization (RG) exponent, making use of the perturbation theory based on the boundary state formulation. Read More

We study the dissipative Hofstadter model on a triangular lattice, making use of the $O(2,2;R)$ T-dual transformation of string theory. The $O(2,2;R)$ dual transformation transcribes the model in a commutative basis into the model in a non-commutative basis. In the zero temperature limit, the model exhibits an exact duality, which identifies equivalent points on the two dimensional parameter space of the model. Read More

We study a model of resonant multilead point-contact tunneling by using the boundary state formulation. At a critical point the model is described by multi-flavor chiral fermions on an infinite line with a point contact interaction at the origin. By applying the folding procedure, previously developed for the model of resonant point-contact tunneling of a single lead, we map the model onto a non-chiral fermion model defined on the half line. Read More

We revisit the $(1+1)$ dimensional field theoretical model, which describes the Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL), interacting with a static impurity at the origin of the half line. Applying the Fermi-Bose equivalence and finite conformal transformations only, we map the model onto the Schmid model. Some details of the bosonization procedure have been given. Read More

In this paper, a Blind Source Separation (BSS) algorithm for multichannel audio contents is proposed. Unlike common BSS algorithms targeting stereo audio contents or microphone array signals, our technique is targeted at multichannel audio such as 5.1 and 7. Read More

A new musical instrument classification method using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) is presented in this paper. Unlike the traditional methods, we investigated a scheme for classifying musical instruments using the learned features from CNNs. To create the learned features from CNNs, we not only used a conventional spectrogram image, but also proposed multiresolution recurrence plots (MRPs) that contain the phase information of a raw input signal. Read More

Generalizing the kink operator of the Heisenberg spin 1/2 model, we construct a set of Klein factors explicitly such that $(1+1)$ dimensional fermion theories with arbitrary number of species are mapped onto the corresponding boson theories with the same number of species and vice versa. The actions for the resultant theories do not possess any nontrivial Klein factor. With this set of Klein factors, we are also able to map the simple boundary states such as the Neumann and the Dirichlet boundary states, of the fermion (boson) theory onto those of the boson (fermion) theory. Read More

We study a spin dependent Tomonaga-Luttinger model in one dimension, which describes electron transport through a single barrier. Using the Fermi-Bose equivalence in one dimension, we map the model onto a massless Thirring model with a boundary interaction. A field theoretical perturbation theory for the model has been developed and the chiral symmetry is found to play an important role. Read More

We study a model of resonant point-contact tunneling of a single Luttinger-liquid lead, using the boundary state formulation. The model is described by a single chiral Fermion in one dimensional space with one point contact interaction at the origin. It is the simplest model of this type. Read More

String theory proves to be an imperative tool to explore the critical behavior of the quantum dissipative system. We discuss the quantum particles moving in two dimensions, in the presence of a uniform magnetic field, subject to a periodic potential and a dissipative force, which are described by the dissipative Wannier-Azbel-Hofstadter (DWAH) model. Using string theory formulation of the model, we find that the elementary excitations of the system at the generic points of the off-critical regions, in the zero temperature limit are quons, which satisfy q-deformed statistics. Read More

We discuss the Bose-Fermi equivalence in the quantum Brownian motion (QBM) on a triangular lattice, mapping the action for the QBM into a string theory action with a periodic boundary tachyon potential. We construct new Klein factors which are more appropriate than the conventional ones to deal with the quantum field theories defined on a two dimensioanl space-time with boundaries. Using the Fermi-Bose equivalence with the new Klein factors, we show that the model for the quantum Bownian motion on a triangular lattice is equivalent to the Thirring model with boundary terms, which are quadratic in fermion field operators, in the off-critical regions and to a $SU(3)\times SU(3)$ free fermion theory with quadratic boundary terms at the critical point. Read More

We study the quantum electron transport in a one-dimensional interacting electron system, called Schmid model, reformulating the model in terms of the bosonic string theory on a disk. The particle-kink duality of the model is discussed in the absence of the external electric field and further extended to the model with a weak electric field. Using the linear response theory, we evaluate the electric conductance both for both weak and strong periodic potentials in the zero temperature limit. Read More

We perform canonical quantization of the dissipative Hofstadter model, which has a wide range of applications in condensed matter physics and string theory. The target space duality and the non-commutative algebra developed in string theory are discussed for the model. We show that the target space duality transformation of closed string theory, $O(2,2;R)$, removes the interaction with a uniform magnetic field. Read More

We study the rolling tachyon and the dissipative quantum mechanics using the Thirring model with a boundary mass. We construct a boundary state for the dissipative quantum system in one dimension, which describes the system at the off-critical points as well as at the critical point. Then we extend the Thirring model with a boundary mass in order to depict the time evolution of an unstable D-branes with one direction wrapped on a circle of radius $R$, which is termed the inhomogeneous rolling tachyon. Read More

The dissipative Hofstadter model describes quantum particles moving in two dimensions subject to a uniform magnetic field, a periodic potential and a dissipative force. We discuss the dissipative Hofstadter model in the framework of the boundary state formulation in string theory and construct exact boundary states for the model at the magic points by using the fermion representation. The dissipative Hofstadter model at magic points is shown to be equivalent to the critical boundary sine-Gordon model. Read More

The dissipative quantum system is studied using the Thirring model with a boundary mass. At the critical point where the Thirring coupling vanishes, the theory reduces to a free fermion theory with a boundary mass. We construct boundary states for the dissipative quantum systems in one dimension, which describes the system off the critical points as well as at the critical points. Read More

We propose an alternative interpretation of the boundary state for the rolling tachyon, which may depict the time evolution of unstable D-branes in string theory. Splitting the string variable in the temporal direction into the classical part, which we may call "time" and the quantum one, we observe the time dependent behaviour of the boundary. Using the fermion representation of the rolling tachyon boundary state, we show that the boundary state correctly describes the time-dependent decay process of the unstable D-brane into a S-brane at the classical level. Read More

We revisit the exact solution of the two space-time dimensional quantum field theory of a free massless boson with a periodic boundary interaction and self-dual period. We analyze the model by using a mapping to free fermions with a boundary mass term originally suggested in ref.[22]. Read More

A free fermion representation of the rolling tachyon boundary conformal field theory is constructed. The representation is used to obtain an explicit, compact, exact expression for the boundary state. We use the boundary state to compute the disc and cylinder amplitudes for the half-S-brane. Read More

We investigate various aspects of the plane wave geometries obtained from D1/D5-brane system. We study the effect of Hopf-duality on the supersymmetries preserved by the Penrose limit of $AdS_3\times S^3\times T^4$ geometry. In type-IIB case, we first show that the Penrose limit makes the size of the `would-be' internal torus comparable to that of the other directions. Read More

We discuss the open string one-loop partition function in tachyon condensation background of a unstable D-brane system. We evaluate the partition function by using the boundary state formulation and find that it is in complete agreement with the result obtained in the boundary string field theory. It suggests that the open string higher loop diagrams may be produced consistently by a closed string field theory, where the D-brane plays a role of source for the closed string field. Read More

We perform canonical quantization of the open string on a unstable D-brane in the background of the tachyon condensation. Evaluating the Polyakov path-integral on a stripe, we obtain the field theoretical propagator in the open string theory. As the condensation occurs the string field theory is continuously deformed. Read More

We discuss the tachyon condensation in a single unstable D-brane in the framework of boundary state formulation. The boundary state in the background of the tachyon condensation and the NS B-field is explicitly constructed. We show in both commutative theory and noncommutative theory that the unstable D-branes behaves like an extended object and eventually reduces to the lower dimensional D-branes as the system approaches the infrared fixed point. Read More

The perturbative dynamics of noncommutative field theory (NCFT) is discussed from a point view of string field theory. As in the commutative case it is inevitable to introduce a closed string, which may be described as a bound state of two noncommutative open strings. We point out that the closed string, interacting nontrivially with the open string, plays an essential role in the ultraviolet region. Read More

We perform canonical quantization of the open Neveu-Schwarz-Ramond (NSR) superstrings in the background of a D-brane with the NS B-field. If we choose the mixed boundary condition as a primary constraint, it generates a set of secondary constraints. These constraints are easily solved and as a result, the noncommutative geometry in the bosonic string theory is extended to the superspace. Read More

We derive the noncommutative Dirac-Born-Infeld action for the $D$-brane, which governs dynamics of $D$-brane with a NS-NS $B$-field in the low energy regime. Depending on some details of the path integral prescriptions, both ordinary Dirac-Born-Infeld action and noncommutative one can be obtained by evaluating the same Polyakov string path integral for the open string ending on the $D$-brane. Thus, it establishes the equivalence of the noncommutative Dirac-Born-Infeld action and the ordinary one. Read More

We perform canonical quantization of open strings in the $D$-brane background with a $B$-field. Treating the mixed boundary condition as a primary constraint, we get a set of secondary constraints. Then these constraints are shown to be equivalent to orbifold conditions to be imposed on normal string modes. Read More

We realize the two dimensional anti-de Sitter ($AdS_2$) space as a Kaluza-Klein reduction of the $AdS_3$ space in the framework of the discrete light cone quantization (DLCQ). Introducing DLCQ coordinates which interpolate the original (unboosted) coordinates and the light cone coordinates, we discuss that $AdS_2/CFT$ correspondence can be deduced from the $AdS_3/CFT$. In particular, we elaborate on the deformation of WZW model to obtain the boundary theory for the $AdS_2$ black hole. Read More

Authors: Taejin Lee1
Affiliations: 1Kangwon National University and APCTP

We construct an action, which governs the dynamics of the Ba\~nados-Teitelboim-Zanelli (BTZ) black hole and perform the canonical quantization. The quantum action is given by a $SL(2,R)$ Wess-Zumino-Witten model on the boundary coupled to the classical anti-de Sitter background, representing a massless BTZ black hole. The coupling, determined by a one-cocyle condition, is found to give dominant contribution to the central charge of Virasoro algebra. Read More

Authors: Taejin Lee1
Affiliations: 1Kangwon National University and APCTP

The dual relationship between the supergravity in the anti-de Sitter(AdS) space and the superconformal field theory is discussed in the simplest form. We show that a topological Ward identity holds in the three dimensional Chern-Simons gravity. In this simple case the proposed dual relationship can be understood as the topological Ward identity. Read More

In the Chern-Simons gauge theory formulation of the spinning (2+1) dimensional black hole, we may treat the horizon and the spatial infinity as boundaries. We obtain the actions induced on both boundaries, applying the Faddeev and Shatashvili procedure. The action induced on the boundary of the horizon is precisely the gauged $SL(2,R)/U(1)$ Wess-Zumino-Witten (WZW) model, which has been studied previously in connection with a Lorentz signature black hole in (1+1) dimensions. Read More

We study domain wall solitons in the relativistic self-dual Chern-Simons Higgs systems by the dimensional reduction method to two dimensional spacetime. The Bogomolny bound on the energy is given by two conserved quantities in a similar way that the energy bound for BPS dyons is set in some Yang-Mills-Higgs systems in four dimensions. We find the explicit soliton configurations which saturate the energy bound and their nonrelativistic counter parts. Read More

We study the Chern-Simons $CP(N)$ models with a global $U(1)$ symmetry and found the self-dual models among them. The Bogomolnyi-type bound in these self-dual models is a nontrivial generalization of that in the pure $CP(N)$ models. Our models have quite a rich vacuum and soliton structure and approach the many known gauged self-dual models in some limit. Read More

Lee replies to the comment on "Statistical Mechanics of Non-Abelian Chern-Simons Particles" by C. R. Hagen Read More

We introduce the self-dual abelian gauged $O(3)$ sigma models where the Maxwell and Chern-Simons terms constitute the kinetic terms for the gauge field. These models have quite rich structures and various limits. Our models are found to exhibit both symmetric and broken phases of the gauge group. Read More

We study one-loop correction to the Chern-Simons coefficient $\kappa=k/4\pi$ in $N=1,2,3$ supersymmetric Yang-Mills Chern-Simons systems. In the pure bosonic case, the shift of the parameter $k$ is known to be $k\rightarrow k + c_v$, where $c_v$ is the quadratic Casimir of the gauge group. In the $N=1$ case, the fermionic contribution cancels the bosonic contribution by half and the shift is $k \rightarrow k+ c_v/2$, making the theory anomalous if $c_v$ is odd. Read More

We discuss the statistical mechanics of a two-dimensional gas of non-Abelian Chern-Simons particles which obey the non-Abelian braid statistics. The second virial coefficient is evaluated in the framework of the non-Abelian Chern-Simons quantum mechanics. Read More

Assuming that the superconductivity which is described by the low energy effective action of the anyon system may be type II, we discuss its characteristics. We also study physical properties of the Chern-Simons vortices, which may be formed as the external magnetic field is applied to the system, such as their statistics, the free energy of single vortex and the interaction energy between two vortices. Read More

Without assuming rotational invariance, we derive Bogomol'nyi equations for the solitons in the abelian Chern-Simons gauge theories with the anomalous magnetic moment interaction. We also evaluate the number of zero modes around a static soliton configuration. Read More

We construct a classical action for a system of $N$ point-like sources which carry SU(2) non-Abelian charges coupled to non-Abelian Chern-Simons gauge fields, and develop a quantum mechanics for them. Adopting the coherent state quantization and solving the Gauss' constraint in an appropriately chosen gauge, we obtain a quantum mechanical Hamiltonian given in terms of the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov connection. Then we study the non-Abelian Aharonov-Bohm effect, employing the obtained Hamiltonian for two-particle sector. Read More

We present a new method of formulating the classical theory of $SU(N+1)$ non-Abelian Chern-Simons (NACS) particles for arbitrary $N\geq 1$ using the symplectic reduction of $CP(N)$ manifold from $S^{2N+1}$. Quantizing the theory using BRST formulation and coherent state path integral method , we obtain a quantum mechanical model for $SU(N+1)$ NACS particles. Read More

We propose a classical model for the non-Abelian Chern-Simons theory coupled to $N$ point-like sources and quantize the system using the BRST technique. The resulting quantum mechanics provides a unified framework for fractional spin, braid statistics and Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation. Read More

We investigate the effects of the Chern-Simons coupling on the high energy behavior in the $(2+1)$-dimensional Chern-Simons QED with a four-Fermi interaction. Using the $1/N$ expansion we discuss the Chern-Simons effects on the critical four-Fermi coupling at $O(1/N)$ and the $\beta$ function around it. High-energy behavior of Green's functions is also discussed. Read More