T. W. Bao

T. W. Bao
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T. W. Bao

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Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (5)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (4)
Nuclear Experiment (3)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (2)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (2)
Nuclear Theory (2)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Physics - Optics (1)

Publications Authored By T. W. Bao

POLAR is space-borne detector designed for a precise measurement of gamma-ray polarization of the prompt emissions of Gamma-Ray Bursts in the energy range 50 keV - 500 keV. POLAR is a compact Compton polarimeter consisting of 40$\times$ 40 plastic scintillator bars read out by 25 multi-anode PMTs. In May 2015, we performed a series of tests of the POLAR flight model with 100\% polarized x-rays beams at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility beam-line ID11 aming to study thresholds, crosstalk between channels and responses of POLAR flight model to polarized X-ray beams. Read More

As a space-borne detector POLAR is designed to conduct hard X-ray polarization measurements of gamma-ray bursts on the statistically significant sample of events and with an unprecedented accuracy. During its development phase a number of tests, calibrations runs and verification measurements were carried out in order to validate instrument functionality and optimize operational parameters. In this article we present results on gain optimization togeter with verification data obtained in the course of broad laboratory and environmental tests. Read More

The possible $^{1}S_{0}$ protonic superfluidity is investigated in neutron star matter, and the corresponding energy gap as a function of baryonic density is calculated on the basis of BCS gap equation. We have discussed particularly the influence of hyperon degrees of freedom on $^{1}S_{0}$ protonic superfluidity. It is found that the appearance of hyperons leads to a slight decrease of $^{1}S_{0}$ protonic pairing energy gap in most density range of existing $^{1}S_{0}$ protonic superfluidity. Read More

Gamma-ray polarimetry is a new powerful tool to study the processes responsible for the emission from astrophysical sources and the environments in which this emission takes place. Few successful polarimetric measurements have however been performed thus far in the gamma-ray energy band due to the difficulties involved. POLAR is a dedicated polarimeter designed to perform high precision measurements of the polarization of the emission from gamma-ray burst in the 50-500 keV energy range. Read More

The High Energy cosmic Radiation Detection (HERD) facility is a space mission designed for detecting cosmic ray (CR) electrons, $\gamma$-rays up to tens of TeV and CR nuclei from proton to iron up to several PeV. The main instrument of HERD is a 3-D imaging calorimeter (CALO) composed of nearly ten thousand cubic LYSO crystals. A large dynamic range of single HERD CALO Cell (HCC) is necessary to achieve HERD's PeV observation objectives, which means that the response of HCC should maintain a good linearity from minimum ionizing particle (MIP) calibration to PeV shower maximum. Read More

Masses of $^{52g,52m}$Co were measured for the first time with an accuracy of $\sim 10$ keV, an unprecedented precision reached for short-lived nuclei in the isochronous mass spectrometry. Combining our results with the previous $\beta$-$\gamma$ measurements of $^{52}$Ni, the $T=2$, $J^{\pi}=0^+$ isobaric analog state (IAS) in $^{52}$Co was newly assigned, questioning the conventional identification of IASs from the $\beta$-delayed proton emissions. Using our energy of the IAS in $^{52}$Co, the masses of the $T=2$ multiplet fit well into the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation. Read More

Synchronization is of great scientific interest due to the abundant applications in a wide range of systems. We propose a scheme to achieve the controllable long-distance synchronization of two dissimilar optomechanical systems, which are unidirectionally coupled through a fiber with light. Synchronization, unsynchronization, and the dependence of the synchronization on driving laser strength and intrinsic frequency mismatch are studied based on the numerical simulation. Read More

Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) are the strongest explosions in the universe which might be associated with creation of black holes. Magnetic field structure and burst dynamics may influence polarization of the emitted gamma-rays. Precise polarization detection can be an ultimate tool to unveil the true GRB mechanism. Read More

A detailed description of the baryon direct Urca processes A: $n\rightarrow p+e+\bar{\nu}_{e}$, B: $\Lambda\rightarrow p+e+\bar{\nu}_{e}$, C: $\Xi^{-}\rightarrow\Lambda+e+\bar{\nu}_{e}$ related to the neutron star cooling is given in the relativistic mean field approximation.The contributions of the reactions B and C on the neutrino luminosity are calculated by means of the relativistic expressions of the neutrino energy losses.Our results show that the total neutrino luminosities of the reactions A, B, C within the mass range 1. Read More

In this article we establish some fixed point (known also as critical point, invariant point) theorems in quasi-metric spaces. Our results unify and further extend in some regards the fixed point theorem proposed by Dancs et al. (1983), the results given by Khanh and Quy (2010, 2011), the preorder principles established by Qiu (2014), and the results obtained by Bao et al. Read More

In spite of extensive observations and numerous theoretical studies in the past decades several key questions related with Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRB) emission mechanisms are still to be answered. Precise detection of the GRB polarization carried out by dedicated instruments can provide new data and be an ultimate tool to unveil their real nature. A novel space-borne Compton polarimeter POLAR onboard the Chinese space station TG2 is designed to measure linear polarization of gamma-rays arriving from GRB prompt emissions. Read More

The asymmetric stem-cell division of Drosophila SOP precursor cells is driven by the asymmetric localisation of the key protein Lgl (Lethal giant larvae) during mitosis, when Lgl is phosphorylated by the kinase aPKC on a subpart of the cortex and subsequently released into the cytoplasm. In this paper, we present a volume-surface reaction-diffusion system, which models the localisation of Lgl within the cell cytoplasm and on the cell cortex. We prove well-posedness of global solutions as well as regularity of the solutions. Read More

We consider a model system consisting of two reaction-diffusion equations, where one species diffuses in a volume while the other species diffuses on the surface which surrounds the volume. The two equations are coupled via nonlinear reversible Robin-type boundary conditions for the volume species and a matching reversible source term for the boundary species. As a consequence of the coupling, the total mass of the two species is conserved. Read More

This paper develops some mathematical models arising in behavioral sciences, particularly in psychology, which are formalized via general preferences with variable ordering structures. Our considerations are based on the recent variational rationality approach that unifies numerous theories in different branches of behavioral sciences by using, in particular, worthwhile change and stay dynamics and variational traps. In the mathematical framework of this approach, we derive a new variational principle, which can be viewed as an extension of the Ekeland variational principle to the case of set-valued mappings on quasi metric spaces with cone-valued ordering variable structures. Read More

This paper has been withdrawn by the authors. Mobility profile building became extensively examined area in Location based services (LBS) through extraction of significant locations. Mobility traces are recorded under three reference positioning systems that are Satellite based i. Read More