T. Shizuma

T. Shizuma
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T. Shizuma
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Nuclear Experiment (6)
 
Astrophysics (3)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (2)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
 
Nuclear Theory (2)

Publications Authored By T. Shizuma

The quenching of the experimental spectroscopic factor for proton emission from the short-lived $d_{3/2}$ isomeric state in $^{151m}$Lu was a long-standing problem. In the present work, proton emission from this isomer has been reinvestigated in an experiment at the Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Jyv\"{a}skyl\"{a}. The proton-decay energy and half-life of this isomer were measured to be 1295(5) keV and 15. Read More

The uncertainty in the 29P(p,gamma)30S reaction rate over the temperature range of 0.1 - 1.3 GK was previously determined to span ~4 orders of magnitude due to the uncertain location of two previously unobserved 3+ and 2+ resonances in the 4. Read More

A rotational band with five $\gamma$-ray transitions ranging from 2$^{+}$ to 12$^{+}$ states was identified in $^{40}$Ar. This band is linked through $\gamma$ transitions from the excited 2$^{+}$, 4$^{+}$ and 6$^{+}$ levels to the low-lying states; this determines the excitation energy and the spin-parity of the band. The deduced transition quadrupole moment of 1. Read More

Analyzing the solar system abundances, we have found two empirical abundance scaling laws concerning the p- and s-nuclei with the same atomic number. The first scaling is s/p ratios are almost constant over a wide range of the atomic number, where the p-nculei are lighter than the s-nuclei by two or four neutrons. The second scaling is p/p ratios are almost constant, where the second $p$-nuclei are lighter than the first p-nucleus by two neutrons. Read More

The 138La (T1/2=102 Gyr) - 138Ce - 136Ce system is proposed to be used as a nuclear cosmochronometer for measuring the time elapsed from a supernova neutrino process. This chronometer is applied to examine a sample affected by a single nucleosynthesis episode as presolar grains in primitive meteorites. A feature of this chronometer is to evaluate the initial abundance ratio of 136Ce/138Ce using an empirical scaling law, which was found in the solar abundances. Read More

Cross sections of the $^{186}$W, $^{187}$Re, $^{188}$Os($\gamma,n$) reactions were measured using quasi-monochromatic photon beams from laser Compton scattering (LCS) with average energies from 7.3 to 10.9 MeV. Read More

We study a new s-process path through an isomer of $^{186}$Re to improve a $^{187}$Re-$^{187}$Os nucleo-cosmochronometer. The nucleus $^{187}$Re is produced by this new path of $^{185}$Re(n,$\gamma$)$^{186}$Re$^m$(n,$\gamma$)$^{187}$Re. We measure a ratio of neutron capture cross-sections for the $^{185}$Re(n,$\gamma$)$^{186}$Re$^m$ and $^{185}$Re(n,$\gamma$)$^{186}$Re$^{gs}$ reactions at thermal neutron energy because the ratio with the experimental uncertainty has not been reported. Read More

The neutron capture cross section of the unstable s-process branching nucleus 185W has been derived from experimental data of the inverse 186W(g,n)185W photodisintegration taken with monochromatic photon beams from laser Compton scattering. The result of sigma = 553 +- 60 mb at kT = 30 keV leads to a relatively high effective neutron density in the classical s-process of N_n = 4.7 \times 10^8 cm^-3. Read More

With analyzing the solar system abundance, we have found two universal scaling laws concerning the p- and s-nuclei. They indicate that the gamma-process in supernova (SN) explosions is the most promising origin of the p-nuclei that has been discussed with many possible nuclear reactions and sites for about fifty years. In addition the scalings provide new concepts: an universality of the gamma-process and a new nuclear cosmochronometer. Read More