T. Kawaguchi - Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University

T. Kawaguchi
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T. Kawaguchi
Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University

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Astrophysics (17)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (11)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (11)
Physics - Superconductivity (9)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (6)
Computer Science - Software Engineering (2)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By T. Kawaguchi

We construct a sample of X-ray bright optically faint active galactic nuclei by combining Subaru Hyper Suprime-Cam, XMM-Newton, and infrared source catalogs. 53 X-ray sources satisfying i band magnitude fainter than 23.5 mag and X-ray counts with EPIC-PN detector larger than 70 are selected from 9. Read More

We present the luminosity function of z=4 quasars based on the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program Wide layer imaging data in the g, r, i, z, and y bands covering 339.8 deg^2. From stellar objects, 1666 z~4 quasar candidates are selected by the g-dropout selection down to i=24. Read More

We have developed a novel technique for the measurement of the avalanche fluctuation of gaseous detectors using a UV laser. The technique is simple and requires a short data-taking time of about ten minutes. Furthermore, it is applicable for relatively low gas gains. Read More

The formulation for zero mode of a Bose-Einstein condensate beyond the Bogoliubov approximation at zero temperature [Y.Nakamura et al., Phys. Read More

Affiliations: 1Hokkaido University, 2Sapporo Medical University, 3Hokkaido University, 4KAVLI IPMU, The University of Tokyo, 5Chiba University, 6National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 7Bunkyo University, 8Tokyo Keizai University, 9KAVLI IPMU, The University of Tokyo, 10Kure College

We explore the effect of varying the mass of the seed black hole on the resulting black hole mass - bulge mass relation at z ~ 0, using a semi-analytic model of galaxy formation combined with large cosmological N-body simulations. We constrain our model by requiring the observed properties of galaxies at z ~ 0 are reproduced. In keeping with previous semi-analytic models, we place a seed black hole immediately after a galaxy forms. Read More

We focus on the evidence of a past minor merger discovered in the halo of the Andromeda galaxy (M31). Previous N-body studies have enjoyed moderate success in producing the observed giant stellar stream (GSS) and stellar shells in M31's halo. The observed distribution of stars in the halo of M31 shows an asymmetric surface brightness profile across the GSS; however, the effect of the morphology of the progenitor galaxy on the internal structure of the GSS requires further investigation in theoretical studies. Read More

We construct an X-ray spectral model of reprocessing by a torus in an active galactic nucleus (AGN) with a Monte Carlo simulation framework MONACO. Two torus geometries of smooth and clumpy cases are considered and compared. In order to reproduce a Compton shoulder accurately, MONACO includes not only free electron scattering but also bound electron scattering. Read More

Affiliations: 1GUAS/Subaru/NAOJ, 2Subaru/NAOJ/GUAS, 3Subaru/NAOJ/GUAS, 4University of Tokyo, 5Sapporo Medical University, 6Kyoto Sangyo University, 7University of Tokyo, 8JAXA, 9Ehime University, 10Kure National College of Technology, 11Kyoto University

We present the results of new infrared spectroscopic observations of 37 quasars at z~3, selected based on the optical r'-band magnitude and the availability of nearby bright stars for future imaging follow-up with Adaptive Optics system. The supermassive black hole (SMBH) masses (M_BH) were successfully estimated in 28 out of 37 observed objects from the combination of the H_beta emission linewidth and continuum luminosity at rest-frame 5100A. Comparing these results with those from previous studies of quasars with similar redshift, our sample exhibited slightly lower (~ -0. Read More

We present the photometric properties of a sample of infrared (IR) bright dust obscured galaxies (DOGs). Combining wide and deep optical images obtained with the Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) on the Subaru Telescope and all-sky mid-IR (MIR) images taken with Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), we discovered 48 DOGs with $i - K_\mathrm{s} > 1.2$ and $i - [22] > 7. Read More

Microstructura lly clean, isov alently P-doped BaFe2As2 (Ba-122) single crystalline thin films have been prepared on MgO (001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. These films show a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of over 30 K although P content is around 0.22, which is lower than the optimal one for single crystals (i. Read More

Galaxies and massive black holes (BHs) presumably grow via galactic merging events and subsequent BH coalescence. As a case study, we investigate the merging event between the Andromeda galaxy (M31) and a satellite galaxy. We compute the expected observational appearance of the massive BH that was at the center of the satellite galaxy prior to the merger, and is currently wandering in the M31 halo. Read More

Managing software development productivity and effort are key issues in software organizations. Identifying the most relevant factors influencing project performance is essential for implementing business strategies by selecting and adjusting proper improvement activities. There is, however, a large number of potential influencing factors. Read More

Affiliations: 1Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, the University of Tokyo, 2Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, the University of Tokyo, 3Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, the University of Tokyo, 4Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, the University of Tokyo, 5Department of Physics and Information Science, Yamaguchi University, 6Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 7Center of Astro Engineering and Department of Electrical Engineering, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

We investigate the UV-optical (longward of Ly$\alpha$ 1216\AA) spectral variability of nearly 9000 quasars ($0Read More

In the hierarchical structure formation scenario, galaxies enlarge through multiple merging events with less massive galaxies. In addition, the Magorrian relation indicates that almost all galaxies are occupied by a central supermassive black hole (SMBH) of mass $10^{-3}$ of its spheroidal component. Consequently, SMBHs are expected to wander in the halos of their host galaxies following a galaxy collision, although evidence of this activity is currently lacking. Read More

The increasing availability of cost-relevant data in industry allows companies to apply data-intensive estimation methods. However, available data are often inconsistent, invalid, or incomplete, so that most of the existing data-intensive estimation methods cannot be applied. Only few estimation methods can deal with imperfect data to a certain extent (e. Read More

The dusty clumpy torus surrounds the central black hole (BH) and the accretion disk in active galactic nuclei, and governs the growth of super-massive BHs via gas fueling towards the central engine. Near-infrared (NIR) monitoring observations have revealed that the torus inner radius is determined by the dust sublimation process. However, the observed radii are systematically smaller than the theoretical predictions by a factor of three. Read More

The hyper luminous X-ray source HLX-1 in the galaxy ESO 243-49, currently the best intermediate mass black hole candidate, displays spectral transitions similar to those observed in Galactic black hole binaries, but with a luminosity 100-1000 times higher. We investigated the X-ray properties of this unique source fitting multi-epoch data collected by Swift, XMM-Newton & Chandra with a disk model computing spectra for a wide range of sub- and super-Eddington accretion rates assuming a non-spinning black hole and a face-on disk (i = 0 deg). Under these assumptions we find that the black hole in HLX-1 is in the intermediate mass range (~2 x 10^4 M_odot) and the accretion flow is in the sub-Eddington regime. Read More

Raman selection rules for electronic and magnetic excitations in BaFe2As2 were theoretically investigated and applied them to the separate detection of the nodal and anti-nodal gap excitations at the spin density wave (SDW) transition and the separate detection of the nearest and the next nearest neighbor exchange interaction energies. The SDW gap has Dirac nodes, because many orbitals participate in the electronic states near the Fermi energy. Using a two-orbital band model the electronic excitations near the Dirac node and the anti-node are found to have different symmetries. Read More

We report on X-ray spectral and timing results of the new black hole candidate (BHC) MAXI J1659-152 with the orbital period of 2.41 hours (shortest among BHCs) in the 2010 outburst from 65 Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observations and 8 simultaneous Swift and RXTE observations. According to the definitions of the spectral states in Remillard & McClintock (2006), most of the observations have been classified into the intermediate state. Read More

According to recent models, the accretion disk and black hole in active galactic nuclei are surrounded by a clumpy torus. We investigate the NIR flux variation of the torus in response to a UV flash for various geometries. Anisotropic illumination by the disk and the torus self-occultation contrast our study with earlier works. Read More

The onset temperature of superconducting fluctuation Tonset of Bi2Sr2-xRxCuOy (R=La and Eu) was studied by measuring the Nernst effect. We found that Tonset has a x and R dependence that is quite different from both the pseudogap temperature T* and the critical temperature Tc. Our results support the picture that the incoherent superconductivity, which has been observed below Tonset, is qualitatively different from the pseudogap phenomenon that is characterized by T*. Read More

We have studied the momentum dependence of the energy gap of Bi2(Sr,R)2CuOy by angleresolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), particularly focusing on the difference between R=La and Eu. By comparing the gap function and characteristic temperatures between the two sets of samples, we show that there exist three distinct energy scales, {\Delta}pg, {\Delta}sc0, and {\Delta}eff sc0, which correspond to T* (pseudogap temperature), Tonset (onset temperature of fluctuating superconductivity), and Tc (critical temperature of coherent superconductivity). The results not only support the existence of a pseudogap state below T* that competes with superconductivity but also the duality of competition and superconducting fluctuation at momenta around the antinode below Tonset. Read More

Two magnon excitations and the nodal spin density wave (SDW) gap were observed in BaFe2As2 by Raman scattering. Below the SDW transition temperature (TSDW) nodal SDW gap opens together with new excitations in reconstructed electronic states. The two-magnon peak remains above TSDW and moreover the energy increases a little. Read More

A sublimation process governs the innermost region of the dusty torus of active galactic nuclei. However, the observed inner radius of the torus is systematically smaller than the expected radius by a factor of ~ 1/3. We show that the anisotropy of the emission from accretion disks resolves this conflict naturally and quantitatively. Read More

Variable ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs), which are considered to be black hole binaries (BHBs), are known to show state transitions similarly to Galactic BHBs. However, the relation between the ULX states and the Galactic BHB states is still unclear primarily due to less well-understood behaviors of ULXs in contrast to the Galactic BHBs. Here, we report a statistical X-ray spectral study of 34 energy spectra from seven bright ULXs in the interacting galaxy systems M51 and NGC4490/85, using archive data from multiple Chandra and XMM-Newton observations spanning for a few years. Read More

The recently discovered high temperature superconductor F-doped LaFeAsO and related compounds represent a new class of superconductors with the highest transition temperature (Tc) apart from the cuprates. The studies ongoing worldwide are revealing that these Fe-based superconductors are forming a unique class of materials that are interesting from the viewpoint of applications. To exploit the high potential of the Fe-based superconductors for device applications, it is indispensable to establish a process that enables the growth of high quality thin films. Read More

Epitaxial films of NdFeAsO were grown on GaAs substrates by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). All elements including oxygen were supplied from solid sources using Knudsen cells. The x-ray diffraction pattern of the film prepared with the optimum growth condition showed no indication of impurity phases. Read More

In order to investigate how the growth of galactic bulges progresses with the growth of central black holes (BHs), we observed molecular gas (fuel for the coming star formation) in possibly young active galaxies, narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s). We present the results of radio observations of 12CO(1--0) using the Nobeyama Millimeter Array (with 2--4 kpc spatial resolution) for two FIR-bright NLS1s, yielding the first detection of their CO emission. Corresponding molecular--gas masses M(H2) of (1-3) X 109 Msun are the 2nd and 4th largest ones among NLS1s. Read More

Formation of primordial black holes (PBHs) on astrophysical mass scales is a natural consequence of inflationary cosmology if the primordial perturbation spectrum has a large and negative running of the spectral index as observationally inferred today, because double inflation is required to explain it and fluctuations on some astrophysical scales are enhanced in the field oscillation regime in between. It is argued that PBHs thus produced can serve as intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) which act as the observed ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) by choosing appropriate values of the model parameters in their natural ranges. Our scenario can be observationally tested in near future because the mass of PBHs is uniquely determined once we specify the values of the spectral index and its running on large scales. Read More

We have analyzed the archival XMM-Newton data of the bright Ultra-Luminous X-ray Source (ULX) M82 X-1 with an 105 ksec exposure when the source was in the steady state. Thanks to the high photon statistics from the large effective area and long exposure, we were able to discriminate different X-ray continuum spectral models. Neither the standard accretion disk model (where the radial dependency of the disk effective temperature is T(r) \propto r^-3/4) nor a power-law model gives a satisfactory fit. Read More

We present optical images of nearby 50 narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) which cover all the NLS1s at z<0.0666 and $\delta \ge -25^{\circ}$ known at the time of 2001. Among the 50 NLS1s, 40 images are newly obtained by our observations and 10 images are taken from archive data. Read More

Affiliations: 1Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, 2Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, 3Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 4Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University
Category: Astrophysics

An open question remains whether Ultraluminous X-ray Sources (ULXs) really contain intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs). We carefully investigated the XMM-Newton EPIC spectra of the four ULXs that were claimed to be strong candidates of IMBHs by several authors. We first tried fitting by the standard spectral model of disk blackbody (DBB) + power-law (PL), finding good fits to all of the data, in agreement with others. Read More

We try to identify the sources and systematics of the uncertainty of the masses of the central black holes in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) which have been obtained by reverberation-mapping methods. We characterize the broad H$\beta$ emission-line profiles by the ratio of their full-width at half maximum (FWHM) to their line dispersion, i.e. Read More

A comparative XMM-Newton archival data spectral study of the ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) M33 X-8 has been performed by using both the standard disk model and the newly developed slim disk models. The results of this analysis tend to confirm the hypothesis that M33 X-8 is an X-ray binary with a stellar-mass black hole accreting at super-Eddington rate. Read More

We have obtained optical intermediate resolution spectra (R = 3000) of the narrow-line quasars DMS 0059-0055 and PG 1543+489. The [O III] emission line in DMS 0059-0055 is blueshifted by 880 km/s relative to Hbeta. We also confirm that the [O III] emission line in PG 1543+489 has a relative blueshift of 1150 km/s. Read More

Affiliations: 1LUTH, Observatoire Paris-Meudon, France, 2LUTH, and Postdoc Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Category: Astrophysics

Using the BH masses deduced from the empirical relation of Kaspi et al. (2000) and assuming that the optical luminosity is provided by the accretion disc, we show that Narrow Line Seyfert Galaxies 1 (NLS1s) accrete at super-Eddington rates, while their luminosity stays of the order of the Eddington limit. We take into account the possibility of a non-viscous energy release in the gravitationally unstable region of the disc. Read More

Affiliations: 1Meudon Observatory, 2Subaru, NAOJ, 3Kyoto Univ, 4Meudon Observatory
Category: Astrophysics

Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) and Narrow-Line quasars (NLQs) seem to amount to ~ 10-30 % of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in the local universe. Together with their average accretion rate, we argue that the black hole (BH) growth by factor of 8-800 happens in these super-Eddington accretion phase of AGNs. Moreover, there is a possible, systematic underestimation of accretion rates (in the Eddington unit) due to an overestimation of BH mass by massive accretion discs for super-Eddington objects. Read More

Affiliations: 1Meudon Observatory, France, 2Meudon Observatory, France, 3Meudon Observatory, France
Category: Astrophysics

Self-gravitating accretion discs have only been studied in a few nearby objects using maser spots at the parsec-scale. We find a new spectral window for observing the self-gravitating accretion disc in super-Eddington accreting Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs). This window is determined by calculating the outermost radius (rsg) of a non self-gravitating disc and the corresponding emission wavelength (lsg) as a function of various disc parameters. Read More

We present new interpretation of Ton S180 spectrum obtained by {\it Chandra} Spectrometer (Low Energy Transmission Grating). Several narrow absorption lines and a few emission disk lines have been successfully fitted to the data. We have not found any significant edges accompanying line emission. Read More

Super-Eddington accretion onto black holes (BHs) may occur at ultraluminous compact X-ray sources in nearby galaxies, Galactic microquasars and narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s). Effects of electron scattering (opacity and Comptonization) and the relativistic correction (gravitational redshift and transverse Doppler effect) on the emergent spectra from super-Eddington accretion flows onto non-rotating BHs are examined for 10^{1.5} and 10^{6. Read More

We present preliminary results from a long Chandra HETG observation of the luminous Narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0707-495. We find a complex X-ray spectrum comprised of a two-component continuum with superimposed emission and absorption lines. The short time scale X-ray variability is different than observed in other AGN: the soft X-rays vary markedly less than the hard X-rays. Read More

Affiliations: 1Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto Univ, 2Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kyoto Univ, 3Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Garching, Germany, 4Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Garching, Germany, 5Department of Astronomy, Kyoto Univ
Category: Astrophysics

We extended the disk corona model (Meyer & Meyer-Hofmeister 1994; Meyer, Liu, & Meyer-Hofmeister 2000a) to the inner region of galactic nuclei by including different temperatures in ions and electrons as well as Compton cooling. We found that the mass evaporation rate and hence the fraction of accretion energy released in the corona depend strongly on the rate of incoming mass flow from outer edge of the disk, a larger rate leading to more Compton cooling, less efficient evaporation and a weaker corona. We also found a strong dependence on the viscosity, higher viscosity leading to an enhanced mass flow in the corona and therefore more evaporation of gas from the disk below. Read More

Cosmological evolution of the QSO luminosity functions (LFs) at NIR/optical/X-ray bands for 1.3 < z < 3.5 is investigated based on the realistic QSO spectra. Read More

Affiliations: 1Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, 2Yokohama National University, 3Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University
Category: Astrophysics

We construct a disk-corona model which accounts for the optical-to-X-ray spectral properties of Seyfert nuclei and QSOs. We study emission spectrum emerging from a vertical disk-corona structure composed of two-temperature plasma by solving hydrostatic equilibrium and radiative transfer self-consistently. A fraction $f$ of viscous heating is assumed to be dissipated in a corona with a Thomson optical depth of $\tau_c$, where advective cooling is also included, and a remaining fraction, $1-f$, dissipates within a main body of the disk. Read More