Supriya Kar

Supriya Kar
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Supriya Kar

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High Energy Physics - Theory (31)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (18)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (18)
Astrophysics (6)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (2)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Mathematical Physics (1)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Supriya Kar

We revisit a non-perturbation theory of quantum gravity in $1.5$ order underlying an emergent gravitational pair of $(4{\bar 4})$-brane with a renewed interest. In particular the formulation is governed by a geometric torsion ${\cal H}_3$ in second order with an on-shell NS form in first order. Read More

We show that the massless form fields, in $(4+1)$-dimensional non-perturbation theory of emergent gravity, become massive in a perturbative phase without Higgs mechanism. In particular an axionic scalar sourced by a non-perturbative dynamical correction is absorbed by the form fields to describe a massive NS field theory on an emergent gravitational pair of $(3{\bar 3})$-brane. Arguably the novel idea of Higgs mechanism is naturally invoked in an emergent gravity underlying a ${\rm CFT}_6$. Read More

We investigate an emergent gravity in $(4+1)$ dimensions underlying a geometric torsion ${\cal H}_3$ in $1.5$ order formulation. We show that an emergent pair-symmetric $4$th order curvature tensor underlying a NS field theory governs a torsion free geometry and is identified as the Riemann type tensor. Read More

We investigate an effective torsion curvature in a second order formalism underlying a two form world-volume dynamics in a $D_5$-brane. In particular, we consider the two form in presence of a background (open string) metric in a $U(1)$ gauge theory. Interestingly the formalism may be viewed via a non-coincident pair of $(D{\bar D})_5$-brane with a global NS two form on an anti brane and a local two form on a brane. Read More

We obtain axionic charged primordial black holes on a vacuum created gravitational pair of $(3{\bar 3})$-brane by the Kalb-Ramond field on a $D_4$-brane in presence of a background open string metric. The new geometries on an emergent pair of $(3{\bar 3})$-brane universe is shown to be influenced by the non-perturbative quantum effects underlying a geometric torsion in a second order formalism. The presence of small extra dimensions transverse to the pair in the formalism ensures dynamical scalar fields hidden to a $3$-brane or an anti 3-brane universe. Read More

A geometric torsion dynamics leading to an effective curvature in a second order formalism on a D4-brane is revisited with a renewed interest. We obtain two effective $AdS_4$ brane geometries on a vacuum created pair of $(D{\bar D})_3$-brane. One of them is shown to describe an AdS Schwarzschild spinning black hole and the other is shown to describe a spinning black hole bound state. Read More

We revisit an effective space-time torsion curvature in a second order formalism, underlying the non-linear $U(1)$ gauge dynamics, of a two form on a $D_4$-brane in type IIA superstring theory. The formalism incorporates the significance of a global NS two form into the theory via its perturbative coupling to a dynamical two form. In particular, we explore the non-linear gauge dynamics on a $D_4$-brane in presence of a non-trivial background metric. Read More

We investigate some of the quantum gravity effects on a vacuum created pair of $(D{\bar D})_3$-brane by a non-linear $U(1)$ gauge theory on a $D_4$-brane. In particular we obtain a four dimensional quantum Kerr(Newman) black hole in an effective torsion curvature formalism sourced by a two form dynamics in the world-volume of a $D_4$-brane on $S^1$. Interestingly the event horizon is found to be independent of a non-linear electric charge and the $4D$ quantum black hole is shown to describe a degenerate vacua in string theory. Read More

We revisit a non-perturbative space-time curvature theory, underlying a two form U(1) gauge dynamics, on a D4-brane. In particular, two different gauge choices for a two form are explored underlying the dynamics of a geometric torsion in a second order formalism. We obtain two non-extremal quantum Kerr geometries in five dimensions on a pair of $(D{\bar D})_4$-brane in a type IIA superstring theory. Read More

We obtain a Schwarzschild and a Reissner-Nordstrom emergent black holes, by exploring the torsion dynamics in a generalized curvature formulation, underlying an effective D4-brane on S1. It is shown that a constant effective metric, sourced by a background fluctuation in B2-potential, on a D3-brane receives a dynamical quantum correction in presence of an electric charge. Read More

The U(1) gauge dynamics on a D4-brane is revisited, with a two form, to construct an effective curvature theory in a second order formalism. We exploit the local degrees in a two form, and modify its dynamics in a gauge invariant way, to incorporate a non-perturbative metric fluctuation in an effective D4-brane. Interestingly, the near horizon D4-brane is shown to describe an asymptotic Anti de Sitter (AdS) in a semi-classical regime. Read More

Kaluza-Klein gravity is revisted, with renewed interest, in a type IIB string theory on $S^1\times K3$. The irreducible curvature tensors are worked out in the, T-dual, emergent gravity in 4D to yield a non-linear U(1) gauge theory. Interestingly, the T-duality may be seen to describe an open/closed string duality at a self-dual string coupling. Read More

A covariantly constant dynamical two-form is exploited on a $D_3$-brane to obtain its gravity dual action, governing an $S^3$ deformed $AdS_5$ black hole, in a type IIB string theory on $S^1\times K3$. We invoke the Kaluza-Klein compactification to work out the open/closed string duality. Interestingly, the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole is obtained on the "non-Reimannian" braneworld. Read More

We investigate a curved brane-world, inspired by a noncommutative D3-brane, in a type IIB string theory. We obtain, an axially symmetric and a spherically symmetric, (anti) de Sitter black holes in 4D. The event horizons of these black holes possess a constant curvature and may be seen to be governed by different topologies. Read More

We obtain dS and AdS generalized Reissner-Nordstrom like black hole geometries in a curved D3-brane frame-work, underlying a noncommutative gauge theory on the brane-world. The noncommutative scaling limit is explored to investigate a possible tunneling of an AdS vacuum in string theory to dS vacuum in its low energy gravity theory. The Hagedorn transition is invoked into its self-dual gauge theory to decouple the gauge nonlinearity from the dS geometry, which in turn is shown to describe a pure dS vacuum. Read More

We revisit the 4D generalized black hole geometries, obtained by us [1], with a renewed interest, to unfold some aspects of effective gravity in a noncommutative D3-brane formalism. In particular, we argue for the existence of extra dimensions in the gravity decoupling limit in the theory. We show that the theory is rather described by an ordinary geometry and is governed by an effective string theory in 5D. Read More

We obtain a generalized Schwarzschild (GS-) and a generalized Reissner-Nordstrom (GRN-) black hole geometries in (3+1)-dimensions, in a noncommutative string theory. In particular, we consider an effective theory of gravity on a curved $D_3$-brane in presence of an electromagnetic (EM-) field. Two different length scales, inherent in its noncommutative counter-part, are exploited to obtain a theory of effective gravity coupled to an U(1) noncommutative gauge theory to all orders in $\Theta$. Read More

We compute the S-matrix, for the scattering of two string states, on a noncommutative D3-brane in a path integral formalism. Our analysis attempts to resolve the issue of ``imaginary string'', originally raised by `t Hooft in a point-particle scattering at Planck energy, by incorporating a notion of signature change on an emerging semi-classical D-string in the theory. Read More

We investigate some of the intricate features in a gravity decoupling limit of a open bosonic string theory, in a constant electromagnetic (EM-) field. We explain the subtle nature of space-time at short distances, due to its entanglement with the gauge field windings in the theory. Incorporating the mass-shell condition in the theory, we show that the time coordinate is small, of the order of EM-string scale, and the space coordinates are large. Read More

Cubic kilometer neutrino telescopes are capable of probing fundamental questions of ultra-high energy neutrino interactions. There is currently great interest in neutrino interactions caused by low-scale, extra dimension models. Above 1 PeV the cross section in low scale gravity models rises well above the total Standard Model cross section. Read More

The origin of the ultra high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) showers has remained as a mystery among particle physicists and astrophysicists. In low scale gravity models, where the neutrino-nucleon cross section rises to typical hadronic values at energies above $10^{20}$ eV, the neutrino becomes a candidate for the primary that initiates these showers. We calculate the neutrino-nucleon cross section at ultra high energies by assuming that it is dominated by the production of p-branes. Read More

We investigate the open string modes, describing the world-volume of a D p-brane, for its cyclic symmetry in presence of a magnetic field. It is argued that the constant coordinate modes receive non-perturbative correction. We show that they introduce the notion of noncommutativity on the D p-brane world-volume and make it UV-renormalizable. Read More

The non-commutative geometry is revisited from the perspective of a generalized D p-brane. In particular, we analyze the open bosonic string world-sheet description and show that an effective non-commutative description on a D p-brane corresponds to a re-normalized world-volume. The world-volume correlators are analyzed to make a note on the non-commutative geometry. Read More

We investigate the effective dynamics of an arbitrary Dirichlet p-brane, in a path-integral formalism, by incorporating the massless excitations of closed string modes in open bosonic string theory. It is shown that the closed string background fields in the bosonic sector of type II theories induce invariant extrinsic curvature on the world-volume. In addition, the curvature can be seen to be associated with a divergence at the boundary of string world-sheet. Read More

We investigate the dynamics of an arbitrary Dirichlet (D-) string in presence of general curved backgrounds following a path-integral formalism. In particular, we consider the interaction of D-string with the massless excitations of closed string in open bosonic string theory. The background fields induce invariant curvatures on the D-string manifold and the extrinsic curvature can be seen to contain a divergence at the disk boundary. Read More

A path integral formalism is developed to study the interaction of an arbitrary curved Dirichlet (D-) string with elementary excitations of the fundumental (F-) string in bosonic string theory. Up to the next to leading order in the derivative expansion, we construct the properly renormalized vertex operator, which generalizes the one previously obtained for a D-particle moving along a curved trajectory. Using this vertex, an attempt is further made to quantize the D-string coordinates and to compute the quantum amplitude for scattering between elementary excitations of the D- and F-strings. Read More

We study the D-brane solutions to type IIB superstring in ten dimensions and find interpretation in terms of compactification of a twelve dimensional three-brane of (a specific) F-theory on a torus $T^2$. In this frame-work, there also exist a two-brane which may be argued to be equivalent to the three-brane by utilizing the electric-magnetic duality in eleven dimensions. In this context, we propose for the existence of an isometry in one of the transverse directions to the three-brane in F-theory. Read More

We obtain a family of type IIB superstring backgrounds involving Ramond-Ramond fields in ten dimensions starting from a heterotic string background with vanishing gauge fields. To this end the global $SL(2,R)$ symmetry of the type IIB equations of motion is implemented as a solution generating transformation. Using a geometrical analysis we show that the type IIB backgrounds obtained are solutions to all orders in $\alpha^{\prime}$. Read More

We consider an eleven dimensional supergravity compactified on $K3\times T^2$ and show that the resulting five dimensional theory has identical massless states as that of heterotic string compactified on a specific five torus $T^5$. The strong-weak coupling duality of the five dimensional theory is argued to represent a ten dimensional Type $IIA$ string compactified on $K3 \times S^1$, supporting the conjecture of string-string duality in six dimensions. In this perspective, we present magnetically charged solution of the low energy heterotic string effective action in five dimensions with a charge defined on a three sphere $S^3$ due to the two form potential. Read More

We present a systematic study of high energy scattering of non-abelian gauge particles in (3+1) dimensional Einstein gravity using semi-classical techniques of Verlinde and Verlinde. It is shown that the BRST gauge invariance of the Yang-Mills action in presence of quantum gravity at Planckian energy regime is maintained and the vertex operator is invariant under the BRST transformations. The presence of gravitational shock wave describing the gauge particles is discussed in the resulting (3+1) dimensional effective theory of Yang-Mills gravity. Read More

It is shown that the asymmetric chiral gauging of the WZW models give rise to consistent string backgrounds. The target space structure of the ${[{SL(2,\Re)/ {SO(1,1)}}]}_L \bigotimes {[{SL(2,\Re)/U(1)}]}_R$ model is analyzed and the presence of a hidden isometry in this background is demonstrated. A nonlinear coordinate transformation is obtained which transforms the asymmetric model to the symmetric one, analyzed recently by two of the present authors. Read More

An exact conformal field theory describing a four dimensional singular string background is obtained by chiral gauging a $U(1)$ subgroup along with translations in $R$ of an $SL(2,R)\times R$ Wess-Zumino-Witten model. It is shown that the target space-time describes a four dimensional black membrane. Furthermore various duality transformed solutions are constructed. Read More

The background for string propagation is obtained by a chiral gauging of the $SL(2,R)$ Wess-Zumino-Witten model. It is shown explicitly that the resulting background fields satisfy the field equations of the three dimensional string effective action and the target space has curvature singularity. Close connection of our solution with the three dimensional black string is demonstrated. Read More