# Stefan Schacht

## Publications Authored By Stefan Schacht

This talk addresses two topics related to CP asymmetries in $D$ meson decays to two pseudoscalar mesons. First I discuss how new physics can be distinguished from the Standard Model through two sum rules relating three direct CP asymmetries each, using the sum rule correlating $D^0\to K^+K^-$, $D^0\to \pi^+ \pi^-$, and $D^0\to \pi^0 \pi^0$ for illustration. The other sum rule involves $a_{CP}^{\mathrm{dir}}(D^+\rightarrow \bar{K}^0K^+)$, $a_{CP}^{\mathrm{dir}}(D_s^+\rightarrow K^0\pi^+)$, and $a_{CP}^{\mathrm{dir}}(D_s^+\to K^+ \pi^0)$. Read More

We use recent Belle results on $\bar{B}^0\rightarrow D^{*+}l^-\bar{\nu}_l$ decays to extract the CKM element $|V_{cb}|$ with two different but well-founded parameterizations of the form factors. We show that the CLN and BGL parameterizations lead to quite different results for $|V_{cb}|$ and provide a simple explanation of this unexpected behaviour. A long lasting discrepancy between the inclusive and exclusive determinations of $|V_{cb}|$ may have to be thoroughly reconsidered. Read More

The direct CP asymmetry $a_{CP}^{\mathrm{dir}}(D^0\rightarrow K_SK_S)$ involves exchange diagrams which are induced at tree level in the Standard Model. Since the corresponding topological amplitude $E_{KK}$ can be large, $D^0\rightarrow K_SK_S$ is a promising discovery channel for charm CP violation. We estimate the penguin annihilation amplitude with a perturbative calculation and extract the exchange amplitude $E_{KK}$ from a global fit to $D$ branching ratios. Read More

We find new sum rules between direct CP asymmetries in $D$ meson decays with coefficients that can be determined from a global fit to branching ratio data. Our sum rules eliminate the penguin topologies $P$ and $PA$, which cannot be determined from branching ratios. In this way we can make predictions about direct CP asymmetries in the standard model without ad hoc assumptions on the sizes of penguin diagrams. Read More

We study decays of $D^0$, $D^+$, and $D_s^+$ mesons into two pseudoscalar mesons by expressing the decay amplitudes in terms of topological amplitudes. Including consistently SU(3)$_F$ breaking to linear order, we show how the topological-amplitude decomposition can be mapped onto the standard expansion using reduced amplitudes characterized by SU(3) representations. The tree and annihilation amplitudes can be calculated in factorization up to corrections which are quadratic in the color-counting parameter $1/N_c$. Read More

An extensive model-independent analysis of B->DD decays is carried out employing SU(3) flavour symmetry, including symmetry-breaking corrections. Several theoretically clean observables are identified which allow for testing the Standard Model. These include the known time-dependent CP asymmetries, the penguin pollution of which can be controlled in this framework, but notably also quasi-isospin relations which are experimentally well accessible and unaffected by symmetry-breaking corrections. Read More

We present updated results of an SU(3)-flavor analysis of D->P P decay data including linear breaking and no further assumptions. The global fit is consistent with nominal (~ 30%) SU(3)F breaking and returns enhanced penguin (triplet) contributions. Their size is driven, in addition to Delta A_{CP}, by the CP asymmetries of D_0->K_S K_S, D_s->K_S pi^+ and D_s->K^+ pi^0 decays. Read More

Sufficient control of transition form factors is a vital ingredient for the precision flavor programs including the nearer term searches at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the forthcoming Belle II experiment. We improve on existing methods to extract B -> K^* form factor ratios at low hadronic recoil from B -> K^* l^+ l^- data on the angular observables F_L, A_T^(2) and P'_4 by adding heavy quark symmetry-based constraints and by investigating the cross talk between low and large recoil. The data-extracted form factor ratios i) provide benchmarks for the lattice and light cone sum rule predictions, the latter of which have been updated including improved uncertainty estimations and ii) allow to improve the predictions for benchmark observables. Read More

We perform a comprehensive SU(3)-flavor analysis of charmed mesons decaying to two pseudoscalar SU(3)-octet mesons. Taking into account SU(3)-breaking effects induced by the splitting of the quark masses, m_s != m_{u,d}, we find that existing data can be described by SU(3)-breaking of the order 30%. The requisite penguin enhancement to accomodate all data on CP violation tends to be even larger than the one extracted from Delta a_{CP}^{dir}(K^+K^-,pi^+pi^-) alone, strengthening explanations beyond the standard model. Read More

Recent experimental and theoretical progress regarding B --> K(*) l+ l- decays led to improved bounds on the Wilson coefficients C_9 and C_10 of four-fermion operators of the |Delta B|=|Delta S|=1 effective Hamiltonian. We analyze the resulting implications on squark flavor violation in the MSSM and obtain new constraints on flavor-changing left-right mixing in the up-squark-sector. We find the dimensionless flavor mixing parameter (delta^u_23)_LR, depending on the flavor-diagonal MSSM masses and couplings, to be as low as \lesssim 0. Read More