Stefan Meinel

Stefan Meinel
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Stefan Meinel

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High Energy Physics - Lattice (34)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (26)
Nuclear Theory (7)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (5)

Publications Authored By Stefan Meinel

We report a calculation of the nucleon axial form factors $G_A^q(Q^2)$ and $G_P^q(Q^2)$ for all three light quark flavors $q\in\{u,d,s\}$ in the range $0\leq Q^2\lesssim 1.2\text{ GeV}^2$ using lattice QCD. This work was done using a single ensemble with pion mass 317 MeV and made use of the hierarchical probing technique to efficiently evaluate the required disconnected loops. Read More

In a recent paper we studied the effect of new-physics operators with different Lorentz structures on the semileptonic $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda_c \tau \bar{\nu}_{\tau}$ decay. This decay is of interest in light of the $R({D^{(*)}})$ puzzle in the semileptonic $\bar{B} \to D^{(*)} \tau {\bar\nu}_\tau$ decays. In this work we add tensor operators to extend our previous results and consider both model-independent new physics (NP) and specific classes of models proposed to address the $R({D^{(*)}})$ puzzle. Read More

The first lattice QCD calculation of the form factors governing $\Lambda_c \to \Lambda \ell^+ \nu_\ell$ decays is reported. The calculation was performed with two different lattice spacings and includes one ensemble with a pion mass of 139(2) MeV. The resulting predictions for the $\Lambda_c \to \Lambda e^+ \nu_e$ and $\Lambda_c \to \Lambda \mu^+ \nu_\mu$ decay rates divided by $|V_{cs}|^2$ are $0. Read More

We describe a lattice approach for directly computing momentum derivatives of nucleon matrix elements using the Rome method, which we apply to obtain the isovector magnetic moment and Dirac radius. We present preliminary results calculated at the physical pion mass using a 2HEX-smeared Wilson-clover action. For removing the effects of excited-state contamination, the calculations were done at three source-sink separations and the summation method was used. Read More

Lattice QCD calculations of radiative transitions between hadrons have in the past been limited to processes of hadrons stable under the strong interaction. Recently developed methods for $1\to2$ transition matrix elements in a finite volume now enable the determination of radiative decay rates of strongly unstable particles. Our lattice QCD study focuses on the process $\pi \pi \to \pi \gamma^{*}$, where the $\rho$ meson is present as an enhancement in the cross-section. Read More

We investigate heavy-light four-quark systems $ud\bar b \bar b$ with bottom quarks of finite mass which are treated in the framework of NRQCD. We focus on $I(J^P)=0(1^+)$, where we recently found evidence for the existence of a tetraquark state using static bottom quarks. Furthermore, we report on an investigation of the $u \bar d b \bar b$ four-quark system with quantum numbers $I(J^P)=1(1^+)$ again using static bottom quarks. Read More

Experimental results for mesonic $b \to s \mu^+ \mu^-$ decays show a pattern of deviations from Standard-Model predictions, which could be due to new fundamental physics or due to an insufficient understanding of hadronic effects. Additional information on the $b \to s \mu^+ \mu^-$ transition can be obtained from $\Lambda_b$ decays. This was recently done using the process $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda \mu^+ \mu^-$, where the $\Lambda$ is the lightest strange baryon. Read More

We study the impact of including the baryonic decay $\Lambda_b\to \Lambda(\to p \pi^-)\mu^+\mu^-$ in a Bayesian analysis of $|\Delta B | = |\Delta S| = 1$ transitions. We perform fits of the Wilson coefficients $C_{9}$, $C_{9'}$, $C_{10}$ and $C_{10'}$, in addition to the relevant nuisance parameters. Our analysis combines data for the differential branching fraction and three angular observables of $\Lambda_b\to \Lambda(\to p \pi^-)\mu^+\mu^-$ with data for the branching ratios of $B_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ and inclusive $b \to s\ell^+\ell^-$ decays. Read More

Using $(2+1)$-flavor lattice QCD, we compute the 10 form factors describing the $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda$ matrix elements of the $b \to s$ vector, axial vector, and tensor currents. The calculation is based on gauge field ensembles generated by the RBC and UKQCD Collaborations with a domain-wall action for the $u$, $d$, and $s$ quarks and the Iwasaki gauge action. The $b$ quark is implemented using an anisotropic clover action, tuned nonperturbatively to the physical point, and the currents are renormalized with a mostly nonperturbative method. Read More

We report a direct lattice QCD calculation of the strange nucleon electromagnetic form factors $G_E^s$ and $G_M^s$ in the kinematic range $0 \leq Q^2 \lesssim 1.2\: {\rm GeV}^2$. For the first time, both $G_E^s$ and $G_M^s$ are shown to be nonzero with high significance. Read More

Measurements of the $\Lambda_b \to p \ell^- \bar{\nu}_\ell$ and $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda_c \ell^- \bar{\nu}_\ell$ decay rates can be used to determine the magnitudes of the CKM matrix elements $V_{ub}$ and $V_{cb}$, provided that the relevant hadronic form factors are known. Here we present a precise calculation of these form factors using lattice QCD with 2+1 flavors of dynamical domain-wall fermions. The $b$ and $c$ quarks are implemented with relativistic heavy-quark actions, allowing us to work directly at the physical heavy-quark masses. Read More

We calculate the masses of baryons containing one, two, or three heavy quarks using lattice QCD. We consider all possible combinations of charm and bottom quarks, and compute a total of 36 different states with $J^P = \frac12^+$ and $J^P = \frac32^+$. We use domain-wall fermions for the up, down, and strange quarks, a relativistic heavy-quark action for the charm quarks, and nonrelativistic QCD for the bottom quarks. Read More

At the LHC, bottom baryons are being produced in unprecedented quantities, which opens up a new field for flavor physics. For example, the decay $\Lambda_b \to p \mu^- \bar{\nu}$ can be used to obtain a novel determination of the CKM matrix element $|V_{ub}|$, and the decay $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda \mu^+ \mu^-$ probes the weak interactions at the loop level. The first lattice calculations of the relevant $\Lambda_b \to p$ and $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda$ form factors have recently been performed using domain-wall light quarks and static $b$ quarks. Read More

We present nucleon observables - primarily isovector vector form factors - from calculations using 2+1 flavors of Wilson quarks. One ensemble is used for a dedicated high-precision study of excited-state effects using five source-sink separations between 0.7 and 1. Read More

The rare decays $B^0 \to K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $B_s \to \phi \mu^+ \mu^-$ are now being observed with enough precision to test Standard Model predictions. A full understanding of these decays requires accurate determinations of the corresponding hadronic form factors. Here we present results of lattice QCD calculations of the $B \to K^*$ and $B_s \to \phi$ form factors; we also determine the form factors relevant for the tree-level decays $B_s \to K^* \ell \nu$. Read More

We calculate the differential branching fractions and angular distributions of the rare decays $B^0 \to K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $B_s^0 \to \phi \mu^+ \mu^-$, using for the first time form factors from unquenched lattice QCD. We focus on the kinematic region where the $K^*$ or $\phi$ recoils softly; there the newly available form factors are most precise and the nonlocal matrix elements can be included via an operator product expansion. Our results for the differential branching fractions calculated in the Standard Model are higher than the experimental data. Read More

We present a lattice QCD calculation of form factors for the decay $\Lambda_b \to p \mu^- \bar{\nu}$, which is a promising channel for determining the CKM matrix element $|V_{ub}|$ at the Large Hadron Collider. In this initial study we work in the limit of static b quarks, where the number of independent form factors reduces to two. We use dynamical domain-wall fermions for the light quarks, and perform the calculation at two different lattice spacings and at multiple values of the light-quark masses in a single large volume. Read More

Triply heavy baryons are very interesting systems analogous to heavy quarkonia, but are difficult to access experimentally. Lattice QCD can provide precise predictions for these systems, which can be compared to other theoretical approaches. In this work, the spectrum of excited states of the Omega_bbb baryon is calculated using lattice NRQCD for the b quarks, and using a domain-wall action for the u, d and s sea quarks. Read More

We present the first lattice QCD determination of the $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda$ transition form factors that govern the rare baryonic decays $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda l^+ l^-$ at leading order in heavy-quark effective theory. Our calculations are performed with 2+1 flavors of domain-wall fermions, at two lattice spacings and with pion masses down to 227 MeV. Three-point functions with a wide range of source-sink separations are used to extract the ground-state contributions. Read More

The rare baryonic decays $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda \gamma$ can complement rare $B$ meson decays in constraining models of new physics. In this work, we calculate the relevant $\Lambda_b \to \Lambda$ transition form factors at leading order in heavy-quark effective theory using lattice QCD. Our analysis is based on RBC/UKQCD gauge field ensembles with 2+1 flavors of domain-wall fermions, and with lattice spacings of $a\approx 0. Read More

We calculate the energies of quarkonium bound states in the presence of a medium of nonzero isospin density using lattice QCD. The medium, created using a canonical (fixed isospin charge) approach, induces a reduction of the quarkonium energies. As the isospin density increases, the energy shifts first increase and then saturate. Read More

We calculate matrix elements of the axial current for static-light mesons and baryons in lattice QCD with dynamical domain wall fermions. We use partially quenched heavy hadron chiral perturbation theory in a finite volume to extract the axial couplings g_1, g_2, and g_3 from the data. These axial couplings allow the prediction of strong decay rates and enter chiral extrapolations of most lattice results in the b sector. Read More

The spectrum of baryons containing three b quarks is calculated in nonperturbative QCD, using the lattice regularization. The energies of ten excited bbb states with J^P = 1/2^+, 3/2^+, 5/2^+, 7/2^+, 1/2^-, and 3/2^- are determined with high precision. A domain-wall action is used for the up-, down- and strange quarks, and the bottom quarks are implemented with NRQCD. Read More

We calculate the axial couplings of mesons and baryons containing a heavy quark in the static limit using lattice QCD. These couplings determine the leading interactions in heavy hadron chiral perturbation theory and are central quantities in heavy quark physics, as they control strong decay widths and the light-quark mass dependence of heavy hadron observables. Our analysis makes use of lattice data at six different pion masses, 227 MeV < m_\pi < 352 MeV, two lattice spacings, a=0. Read More

We present calculations of axial-current matrix elements between various heavy-meson and heavy-baryon states to the next-to-leading order in heavy hadron chiral perturbation theory in the p-regime. When compared with data from lattice computations or experiments, these results can be used to determine the axial couplings in the chiral Lagrangian. Our calculation is performed in partially-quenched chiral perturbation theory for both SU(4|2) and SU(6|3). Read More

Lattice QCD can contribute to the search for new physics in b -> s decays by providing first-principle calculations of B -> K(*) form factors. Preliminary results are presented here which complement sum rule determinations by being done at large q^2 and which improve upon previous lattice calculations by working directly in the physical b sector on unquenched gauge field configurations. Read More

The mass of the triply heavy baryon Omega_bbb is calculated in lattice QCD with 2+1 flavors of light sea quarks. The b quark is implemented with improved lattice NRQCD. Gauge field ensembles from both the RBC/UKQCD and MILC collaborations with lattice spacings in the range from 0. Read More

The bottomonium spectrum is computed in dynamical 2+1 flavor lattice QCD, using NRQCD for the b quarks. The main calculations in this work are based on gauge field ensembles generated by the RBC and UKQCD collaborations with the Iwasaki action for the gluons and a domain-wall action for the sea quarks. Lattice spacing values of approximately 0. Read More

We investigate the combined use of moving NRQCD and stochastic sources in lattice calculations of form factors describing rare B and B_s decays. Moving NRQCD leads to a reduction of discretisation errors compared to standard NRQCD. Stochastic sources are tested for reduction of statistical errors. Read More

Rare decays of B mesons, such as B \to K^*\gamma and B\to K^{(*)}\ell^+\ell^- are loop suppressed in the Standard Model and sensitive to new physics. The final state meson in heavy-light decays at large recoil has sizeable momentum in the rest frame of the decaying meson. To reduce the resulting discretization errors we formulate the nonrelativistic heavy quark action in a moving frame. Read More

Dynamical 2+1 flavor lattice QCD is used to calculate the masses of bottom hadrons, including B mesons, singly and doubly bottom baryons, and for the first time also the triply-bottom baryon Omega_bbb. The domain wall action is used for the up-, down-, and strange quarks (both valence and sea), while the bottom quark is implemented with non-relativistic QCD. A calculation of the bottomonium spectrum is also presented. Read More

Recently, realistic lattice QCD calculations with 2+1 flavors of domain wall fermions and the Iwasaki gauge action have been performed by the RBC and UKQCD collaborations. Here, results for the bottomonium spectrum computed on their gauge configurations of size 24^3x64 with a lattice spacing of approximately 0.11 fm and four different values for the light quark mass are presented. Read More

We calculate form factors relevant for rare B decays using moving-NRQCD for the b quark and the AsqTad action for the light quarks. Moving NRQCD allows us to work directly with the physical b quark mass and go to higher recoil momentum compared to standard NRQCD. Here, we show first results for the matrix elements and the operator matching coefficients. Read More

The formulation of NRQCD discretized in a reference frame boosted relative to the B rest frame will enable calculation of B form factors over a larger range of momentum transfer. We have initiated a program to calculate form factors describing the rare decay B to K* gamma. We discuss the strategy and challenges of the project. Read More