# Sourav Sarkar - IFIC, Valencia Univ

## Contact Details

NameSourav Sarkar |
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AffiliationIFIC, Valencia Univ |
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Location |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesNuclear Theory (37) High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (28) Nuclear Experiment (6) High Energy Physics - Theory (3) Mathematics - Probability (2) Physics - Materials Science (1) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1) Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1) |

## Publications Authored By Sourav Sarkar

We explore the connection between the operator product expansion (OPE) in the boundary and worldsheet conformal field theories in the context of AdS$_{d+1}$/CFT$_d$ correspondence. Considering single trace scalar operators in the boundary theory and using the saddle point analysis of the worldsheet OPE [1], we derive an explicit relation between OPE coefficients in the boundary and worldsheet theories for the contribution of single trace spin $\ell$ operators to the OPE. We also consider external vector operators and obtain the relation between OPE coefficients for the exchange of single trace scalar operators in the OPE. Read More

We estimate the shear and the bulk viscous coefficients for a hot hadronic gas mixture constituting of pions and nucleons. The viscosities are evaluated in the relativistic kinetic theory approach by solving the transport equation in the relaxation time approximation for binary collisions ($\pi\pi$,$\pi N$ and $NN$). Instead of vacuum cross-sections usually used in the literature we employ in-medium scattering amplitudes in the estimation of the relaxation times. Read More

Given two vectors in Euclidean space, how unlikely is it that a random vector has a larger inner product with the shorter vector than with the longer one? When the random vector has independent, identically distributed components, we conjecture that this probability is no more than a constant multiple of the ratio of the Euclidean norms of the two given vectors, up to an additive term to allow for the possibility that the longer vector has more arithmetic structure. We give some partial results to support the basic conjecture. Read More

We calculate the rho meson mass in a weak magnetic field using effective $\rho\pi\pi$ interaction. It is seen that both $\rho^0$ and $\rho^\pm$ masses decrease with the magnetic field in vacuum. $\rho$ meson dispersion relation has been calculated and shown to be different for $\rho^0$ and $\rho^\pm$. Read More

In this work, we investigate the extremal behaviour of left-stationary symmetric $\alpha$-stable (S$\alpha$S) random fields indexed by finitely generated free groups. We begin by studying the rate of growth of a sequence of partial maxima obtained by varying the indexing parameter of the field over balls of increasing size. This leads to a phase-transition that depends on the ergodic properties of the underlying nonsingular action of the free group but is different from what happens in the case of S$\alpha$S random fields indexed by $\mathbb{Z}^d$. Read More

We explore the Mellin representation of correlation functions in conformal field theories in the weak coupling regime. We provide a complete proof for a set of Feynman rules to write the Mellin amplitude for a general tree level Feynman diagram involving only scalar operators. We find a factorised form involving beta functions associated to the propagators, similar to tree level Feynman rules in momentum space for ordinary QFTs. Read More

The self energy of $\Delta$-baryon is evaluated at finite temperature and density using the real time formalism of thermal field theory. The Dyson-Schwinger equation is used to get the exact thermal propagator followed by the spectral function of $\Delta$. The $\pi N$ scattering cross section obtained using explicit $\Delta$ exchange is normalized to the experimental data in vacuum and its medium modification is implemented by means of the exact thermal propagator. Read More

We study the initial conditions for Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=2.76$ TeV using the two component Monte-Carlo Glauber model with shadowing of the nucleons in the interior by the leading ones. The model parameters are fixed by comparing to the multiplicity data of p+Pb and Pb+Pb at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=5. Read More

The two component Monte-Carlo Glauber model predicts a knee-like structure in the centrality dependence of elliptic flow $v_2$ in Uranium+Uranium collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=193$ GeV. It also produces a strong anti-correlation between $v_2$ and $dN_{ch}/dy$ in the case of top ZDC events. However, none of these features have been observed in data. Read More

The relaxation times over which dissipative fluxes restore their steady state values have been evaluated for a pion gas using the 14-moment method. The effect of the medium has been implemented through a temperature dependent pi-pi cross-section in the collision integral which is obtained by including one-loop self-energies in the propagators of the exchanged rho and sigma mesons. To account for chemical freeze out in heavy ion collisions, a temperature dependent pion chemical potential has been introduced in the distribution function. Read More

The drag and diffusion coefficients of a hot hadronic medium have been evaluated by using hidden charm mesons as probes. The matrix elements for the evaluation of these coefficients are calculated using an effective theory as well as from scattering lengths. Although the transport coefficients show a significant rise with temperature its effects on the suppression of $J/\psi$ in hadronic matter is not significant. Read More

We study flat space cosmologies in two dimensions by taking the flat space limit of the Achucarro-Ortiz model. We unravel a phase transition between hot flat space and flat space cosmologies, and derive a new dilaton-dependent counterterm required for the consistency of the Euclidean partition function. Our results generalize to asymptotically mass-dominated 2-dimensional dilaton gravity models, whose thermodynamical properties we discuss. Read More

The drag and diffusion coefficients of the $\Lambda_c(2286$ MeV) have been evaluated in the hadronic medium which is expected to be formed in the later stages of the evolving fire ball produced in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies. The interactions between the $\Lambda_c$ and the hadrons in the medium have been derived from an effective hadronic Lagrangian as well as from the scattering lengths, obtained in the framework of heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory (HB$\chi$PT). In both the approaches, the magnitude of the transport coefficients are turn out to be significant. Read More

We investigate the effect of the medium on the thermal conductivity of a pion gas out of chemical equilibrium by solving the relativistic transport equation in the Chapman-Enskog and relaxation time approximations. Using an effective model for the pi-pi cross-section involving rho and sigma meson exchange, medium effects are incorporated through thermal one-loop self-energies. The temperature dependence of the thermal conductivity is observed to be significantly affected. Read More

We have evaluated the shear viscosity of pion gas taking into account its scattering with the low mass resonances, $\sigma$ and $\rho$ during propagation in the medium. The thermal width (or collisional rate) of the pions is calculated from $\pi\sigma$ and $\pi\rho$ loop diagrams using effective interactions in the real time formulation of finite temperature field theory. A very small value of shear viscosity by entropy density ratio ($\eta/s$), close to the KSS bound, is obtained which approximately matches the range of values of $\eta/s$ used by Niemi et al. Read More

Positron lifetime spectroscopy (PAL), Doppler broadening (DB) as well as coincidence Doppler broadening (CDB) spectroscopy of a new variety of Folic acid (FA) capped zinc oxide nano-particle samples has been performed at room temperature. The results show interesting patterns of observation, hither-to unobserved in ZnO wurtzite crystalline samples, such as predominance of positronium formation, as reflected in the (PAL) analysis, phase transition in the nano crystalline samples at ~0.8-1. Read More

The one-loop self-energy of the $D$ and $D^*$ mesons in a hot hadronic medium is evaluated using the real time formalism of thermal field theory. The interaction of the heavy open-charm mesons with the thermalized constituents $(\pi,K,\eta)$ of the hadronic matter is treated in the covariant formalism of heavy meson chiral perturbation theory. The imaginary parts are extracted from the discontinuities of the self-energy function across the unitary and the Landau cuts. Read More

The steps essentially involved in the evaluation of transport coefficients in linear response theory using Kubo formulas are to relate the defining {\em retarded} correlation function to the corresponding {\em time-ordered} one and to evaluate the latter in the conventional perturbation expansion. Here we evaluate the viscosities of a pion gas carrying out both the steps in the {\em real time} formulation. We also obtain the viscous coefficients by solving the relativistic transport equation in the Chapman-Enskog approximation to leading order. Read More

The bulk and shear viscosities of a pion gas is obtained by solving the relativistic transport equation in the Chapman-Enskog approximation. In-medium effects are introduced in the $\pi\pi$ cross-section through one-loop self-energies in the propagator of the exchanged $\rho$ and $\sigma$ mesons. The effect of early chemical freeze-out in heavy ion collisions is implemented through a temperature dependent pion chemical potential. Read More

The role of hadronic matter in the suppression of open heavy flavored mesons has been studied. The heavy-quarks (HQs) suppression factors have been calculated and contrasted with the experimental data obtained from nuclear collisions at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and Large Hadronic Collider (LHC) experiments. It is found that the suppression in the hadronic phase at RHIC energy is around $20%-25%$ whereas at the LHC it is around $10%-12%$ for the D meson. Read More

The photon spectra measured by the ALICE collaboration in Pb+Pb collisions at Large Hadron Collider (LHC) energies has been analyzed with a view of extracting the properties of thermal system formed in these collisions. The results of the analysis are compared with the previously studied spectra measured at Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS) and Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) energies. The thermal dilepton spectra from the Pb+Pb collision at LHC energy has been predicted for the initial conditions constrained by the thermal photon spectra at the same collision conditions. Read More

Transport coefficients in a hadronic gas have been calculated earlier in the imaginary time formulation of thermal field theory. The steps involved are to relate the defining retarded correlation function to the corresponding time-ordered one and to evaluate the latter in the conventional perturbation expansion. Here we carry out both the steps in the real time formulation. Read More

Using the real time formalism of field theory at finite temperature and density we have evaluated the in-medium $\omega$ self-energy from baryon and meson loops. We have analyzed in detail the discontinuities across the branch cuts of the self-energy function and obtained the imaginary part from the non-vanishing contributions in the cut regions. An extensive set of resonances have been considered in the baryon loops. Read More

We discuss the role of running coupling on the thermal photon yield from quark gluon plasma. It is shown that the photon production rate from the partonic phase is considerably enhanced when running coupling is considered with respect to a fixed value. However, we show by explicit evaluation that although this difference survives the space-time evolution the experimental data cannot distinguish between the two once the hard contribution, which is an essential component of photon production mechanism, is added. Read More

We evaluate the shear viscosity of a pion gas in the relativistic kinetic theory approach. The in-medium propagator of the $\rho$ meson at finite temperature is used to evaluate the $\pi-\pi$ scattering amplitude in the medium. The real and imaginary parts of the self-energy calculated from one-loop diagrams are seen to have noticeable effects on the scattering cross-section. Read More

The rho and omega meson self-energy at finite temperature and baryon density have been analysed for an exhaustive set of mesonic and baryonic loops in the real time formulation of thermal field theory. The large enhancement of spectral strength below the nominal rho mass is seen to cause a substantial enhancement in dilepton pair yield in this mass region. The integrated yield after space-time evolution using relativistic hydrodynamics with quark gluon plasma in the initial state leads to a very good agreement with the experimental data from In-In collisions obtained by the NA60 collaboration. Read More

We study the variation of elliptic flow of thermal dileptons with transverse momentum and invariant mass of the pairs for Pb+Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV. The dilepton productions from quark gluon plasma (QGP) and hot hadrons have been considered including the spectral change of light vector mesons in the thermal bath. Read More

The drag and diffusion coefficients of a hot hadronic medium consisting of pions, kaons and eta using open beauty mesons as a probe have been evaluated. The interaction of the probe with the hadronic matter has been treated in the framework of chiral perturbation theory. It is observed that the magnitude of both the transport coefficients are significant, indicating substantial amount of interaction of the heavy mesons with the thermal bath. Read More

The $\rho$ meson self-energy in nuclear matter from baryonic loops is analysed in the real time formulation of field theory at finite temperature and density. The discontinuities across the branch cuts of the self-energy function are evaluated for an exhaustive set of resonances in the loops considering the fully relativistic thermal baryon propagator including anti-baryons. Numerical calculations show a significant broadening of the $\rho$ spectral function coming from the Landau cut. Read More

The effects of viscosity on the space time evolution of QGP produced in nuclear collisions at RHIC energies have been studied. The entropy generated due to the viscous motion of the fluid has been taken into account in constraining the initial temperature by the final multiplicity (measured at the freeze-out point). The viscous effects on the photon spectra has been introduced consistently through the evolution dynamics and phase space factors of the particles participating in the production process. Read More

We evaluate the drag and diffusion coefficients of a hot hadronic medium consisting of pions, nucleons, kaons and eta using open charm mesons as a probe. The interaction of the probe with the hadronic matter has been treated in the framework of effective field theory. It is observed that the magnitude of both the transport coefficients are significant, indicating substantial amount of interaction of the heavy mesons with the thermal hadronic system. Read More

The structure of the one loop self-energy graphs of the $\rho$ meson is analyzed in the real time formulation of thermal field theory. The modified spectral function of the $\rho$ meson in hot hadronic matter leads to a large enhancement of lepton pair production below the bare peak of the $\rho$. It has been shown that the effective temperature extracted from the inverse slope of the transverse momentum distributions for various invariant mass ($M$) windows of the pair can be used as an efficient tool to characterize different phases of the evolving matter. Read More

The $\rho$ spectral function at finite temperature calculated using the real-time formalism of thermal field theory is used to evaluate the low mass dilepton spectra. The analytic structure of the $\rho$ propagator is studied and contributions to the dilepton yield in the region below the bare $\rho$ peak from the different cuts in the spectral function are discussed. The space-time integrated yield shows significant enhancement in the region below the bare $\rho$ peak in the invariant mass spectra. Read More

We present a simple calculation of the nucleon self-energy in nuclear matter at finite temperature in a relativistic framework, using the real time thermal field theory. The imaginary parts of one-loop graphs are identified with discontinuities across the unitary and the Landau cuts. We find that in general both the cuts contribute significantly to the spectral function in the region of (virtual) nucleon mass usually considered, even though the unitary cut is ignored in the literature. Read More

We analyse the structure of one-loop self-energy graphs for the rho meson in real time formulation of finite temperature field theory. We find the discontinuities of these graphs across the unitary and the Landau cuts. These contributions are identified with different sources of medium modification discussed in the literature. Read More

We consider the two-point function of nucleon current in nuclear matter and write a QCD sum rule to analyse the residue of the nucleon pole as a function of nuclear density. The nucleon self-energy needed for the sum rule is taken as input from calculations using phenomenological NN potential. Our result shows a decrease in the residue with increasing nuclear density, as is known to be the case with similar quantities. Read More

We study the interaction of the octet of vector mesons with the decuplet of baryons using Lagrangians of the hidden gauge theory for vector interactions. The unitary amplitudes in coupled channels develop poles that can be associated with some known baryonic resonances, while there are predictions for new ones at the energy frontier of the experimental research. The work offers guidelines on how to search for these resonances. Read More

NA60 collaboration has extracted the inverse slope parameters, T_{eff} of the dimuon spectra originating from the In+In collisions at root(s_NN)=17.3 GeV for various invariant mass region. They have observed that the inverse slope parameter as a function of invariant mass of the lepton pair drops beyond the rho-peak. Read More

We derive a form of spectral representations for all bosonic and fermionic propagators in the real-time formulation of field theory at finite temperature and chemical potential. Besides being simple and symmetrical between the bosonic and the fermionic types, these representations depend explicitly on analytic functions only. This last property allows a simple evaluation of loop integrals in the energy variables over propagators in this form, even in presence of chemical potentials, which is not possible over their conventional form. Read More

Theoretical calculation of transverse momentum($p_T$) distribution of thermal photons and dileptons originating from ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions suffer from several uncertainties since the evaluation of these spectra needs various inputs which are not yet known unambiguously. In the present work the ratio of the $p_T$ spectra of thermal photons to lepton pairs has been evaluated and it is shown that the ratio is insensitive to some of these parameters. Read More

We calculate the equation of state of nuclear matter based on the general analysis of the grand canonical partition function in the $S$-matrix framework. In addition to the low mass stable particles and their two-body scattering channels considered earlier, the calculation includes systematically all the higher mass particles and their exited states as well as the scattering channels formed by any number of these species. We estimate the latter contribution by resonances in all the channels. Read More

It is shown that the ratio of transverse momentum (p_T) distribution of thermal photons to dileptons produced in heavy ion collisions reaches a plateau above p_T=1 GeV. We argue that the value of the ratio in the plateau region can be used to estimate the initial temperature. Read More

The ratio of transverse momentum distribution of thermal photons to dilepton has been evaluated. It is observed that this ratio reaches a plateau beyond a certain value of transverse momentum. We argue that this ratio can be used to estimate the initial temperature of the system by selecting the transverse momentum and invariance mass windows judiciously. Read More

Medium modification of pion form factor has been evaluated in asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that both the shape and the pole position of the pion form factor in dense asymmetric nuclear matter is different from its vacuum counterpart with $\rho$-$\omega$ mixing. This is due to the density and asymmetry dependent $\rho$-$\omega$ mixing which could even dominate over its vacuum counterpart in matter. Read More

We describe how the thermal counterpart of a vacuum two-point function may be obtained in the real time formalism in a simple way by using directly the $2\times 2$ matrices that different elements acquire in this formalism. Using this procedure we calculate the analytic (single component) thermal amplitude for the pion pole term in the ensemble average of two axial-vector currents to two loops in chiral perturbation theory. The general expressions obtained for the effective mass and decay constants of the pion are evaluated in the chiral and the nonrelativistic limits. Read More

We study the $\Lambda(1520)$ resonance in a coupled channel approach involving the $\pi\Sigma(1385)$, $K\Xi(1530)$, $\bar{K}N$ and $\pi\Sigma$ channels. Implementing unitarity in coupled channels, we make an analysis of the relative importance of the different mechanisms which contribute to the dynamical structure of this resonance. From experimental information on some partial wave amplitudes and constraints imposed by unitarity, we get a comprehensive description of the amplitudes and hence the couplings to the different channels. Read More

**Category:**Nuclear Theory

A recently developed non-perturbative chiral approach to dynamically generate the (3/2^-) baryon resonances has been extended to investigate the radiative decays Lambda^*(1520) --> gamma Lambda(1116) and Lambda^*(1520) --> gamma Sigma^0(1193). We show that the Lambda^*(1520) decay into gamma Lambda is an ideal test for the need of extra components of the resonance beyond those provided by the chiral approach since the largest meson-baryon components give no contribution to this decay. The case is different for gamma Sigma decay where the theory agrees with experiment, though the large uncertainties of these data call for more precise measurements. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}RCNP, Osaka Univ,

^{2}IFIC, Valencia Univ,

^{3}RCNP, Osaka Univ,

^{4}IFIC, Valencia Univ

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We study the coupling of the Lambda(1520)= Lambda* resonance to the \bar K* vector meson and nucleon. This coupling is not directly measured from the resonance decay, but is expected to be important in hyperon production reactions, in particular for the exotic Theta+ production. We compute the coupling in two different schemes, one in the chiral unitary model where the Lambda* is dominated by the quasibound state of mesons and baryons, and the other in the quark model where the resonance is a p-wave excitation in the three valence quarks. Read More

The $\Lambda(1520)$ resonance is generated dynamically in a unitary coupled channel framework with the $\pi\Sigma^*$ and $K\Xi^*$ channels in s-wave and $\pi\Sigma$ and $\bar K N$ channels in d-wave. The dynamics of this resonance close to and above threshold is then tested through the reactions $K^-p\to\pi\pi\Lambda$ and a good agreement with the experimentally measured cross section is observed. Read More

The lowest order chiral Lagrangian is used to study s-wave interactions of the baryon decuplet with the octet of pseudoscalar mesons. The coupled channel Bethe Salpeter equation is used to obtain dynamically generated $\tfrac{3}{2}^-$ resonances in the partial wave amplitudes which provide a reasonable description to a number of 3 and 4-star resonances like $\Delta(1700)$, $\Lambda(1520)$, $\Sigma(1670)$, $\Sigma(1940)$, $\Xi(1820)$, $\Omega(2250)$ etc. The phenomenological introduction of d-wave channels in the coupled channel scheme along with the existing s-wave channels is shown to provide a much improved description of the $\Lambda(1520)$ resonance. Read More