Shuai Zhang

Shuai Zhang
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Shuai Zhang

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Mathematics - Information Theory (5)
Physics - Materials Science (5)
Computer Science - Information Theory (5)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (3)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (3)
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (2)
Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Computer Science - Learning (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Physics - Geophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Shuai Zhang

Collaborative filtering (CF) has been successfully used to provide users with personalized products and services. However, dealing with the increasing sparseness of user-item matrix still remains a challenge. To tackle such issue, hybrid CF such as combining with content based filtering and leveraging side information of users and items has been extensively studied to enhance performance. Read More

Recent observations of Jupiter and Saturn provided by spacecraft missions, such as Juno and Cassini, compel us to revise and improve our models of giant planet interiors. Even though hydrogen and helium are by far the dominant species in these planets, heavy elements can play a significant role in the structure and evolution of the planet. For instance, giant-planet cores may be eroded by their surrounding fluid, which would result in a significantly increased concentration of heavy elements in the hydrogen-helium envelope. Read More

Recommender systems have been actively and extensively studied over past decades. In the meanwhile, the boom of Big Data is driving fundamental changes in the development of recommender systems. In this paper, we propose a dynamic intention-aware recommender system to better facilitate users to find desirable products and services. Read More

The complexity of strongly correlated electron physics in vanadium dioxide is exemplified as its rich phase diagrams of all kinds, which in turn shed light on the mechanisms behind its various phase transitions. In this work, we map out the hydrostatic pressure - temperature phase diagram of vanadium dioxide nanobeams by independently varying pressure and temperature with a diamond anvil cell. In addition to the well-known insulating M1 (monoclinic) and metallic R (tetragonal) phases, the diagram identifies the existence at high pressures of the insulating M1' (monoclinic, more conductive than M1) phase, and two metallic phases of X (monoclinic) and O (orthorhombic, at high temperature only). Read More

As one of the simple alkali metals, sodium has been of fundamental interest for shock physics experiments, but knowledge of its equation of state (EOS) in hot, dense regimes is not well known. By combining path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) results for partially-ionized states [B. Militzer and K. Read More

In three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs), the nontrivial topology in their electronic bands casts a gapless state on their solid surfaces, using which dissipationless TI edge devices based on the quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) effect and quantum Hall (QH) effect have been demonstrated. Practical TI devices present a pair of parallel-transport topological surface states (TSSs) on their top and bottom surfaces. However, due to the no-go theorem, the two TSSs always appear as a pair and are expected to quantize synchronously. Read More

In this paper, we propose a stochastic proximal gradient method to train ternary weight neural networks (TNN). The proposed method features weight ternarization via an exact formula of proximal operator. Our experiments show that our trained TNN are able to preserve the state-of-the-art performance on MNIST and CIFAR10 benchmark datesets. Read More

GRB 140903A, a short duration $\gamma-$ray burst (SGRB) detected by {\it Swift}, is characterized by its long-lasting radio emission among SGRBs. In addition to the $\sim 10^{6}$ s radio afterglow emission, the afterglow of GRB 140903A displays a plateau from $10^3$ s to $7 \times 10^3 $ s in the X-rays. In this work, we attribute the X-ray plateau to the energy injection into the decelerating blast wave and then model the later radio/optical/X-ray afterglow emission within the standard fireball afterglow model. Read More

The temperature of the working environment is a key factor in determining the properties of semiconductor detectors, and it affects the absolute accuracy and stability of the standard detector. In order to determine the temperature coefficient of CdTe detector used for X-rays detection, a precise temperature control system was designed. In this experiment, detectors and radiographic source were set inside the thermostat with temperature of 0-40 Celsius degree, so that the temperature can be regulated for the test of the temperature coefficient of CdTe detector. Read More

Affiliations: 1Purple Mountain Observatory, 2Purple Mountain Observatory, 3Purple Mountain Observatory, 4Purple Mountain Observatory, 5Purple Mountain Observatory, 6Purple Mountain Observatory, 7Purple Mountain Observatory, 8Purple Mountain Observatory, 9Purple Mountain Observatory

GRB 160625B is an extremely-bright outburst with well-monitored afterglow emission. The geometry-corrected energy is high up to $\sim 5.2\times10^{52}$ erg or even $\sim 8\times 10^{52}$ erg, rendering it the most energetic GRB prompt emission recorded so far. Read More

Recently, it has been theoretically predicted that Cd3As2 is a three dimensional Dirac material, a new topological phase discovered after topological insulators, which exhibits a linear energy dispersion in the bulk with massless Dirac fermions. Here, we report on the low-temperature magnetoresistance measurements on a ~50nm-thick Cd3As2 film. The weak antilocalization under perpendicular magnetic field is discussed based on the two-dimensional Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka (HLN) theory. Read More

We perform all-electron path integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) and density functional theory molecular dynamics (DFT-MD) calculations to explore warm dense matter states of oxygen. Our simulations cover a wide density-temperature range of $1-100$~g$\,$cm$^{-3}$ and $10^4-10^9$~K. By combining results from PIMC and DFT-MD, we are able to compute pressures and internal energies from first-principles at all temperatures and provide a coherent equation of state. Read More

Fe and Al are two of the most important rock-forming elements other than Mg, Si, and O. Their presence in the lower mantle's most abundant minerals, MgSiO_3 bridgmanite, MgSiO_3 post-perovskite and MgO periclase, alters their elastic properties. However, knowledge on the thermoelasticity of Fe- and Al-bearing MgSiO_3 bridgmanite, and post-perovskite is scarce. Read More

We investigated the thermodynamic properties of the Fe-based lightly disordered superconductor Ba$_{0.05}$K$_{0.95}$Fe$_2$As$_2$ in external magnetic field H applied along the FeAs layers (H//ab planes). Read More

We study a non-convex low-rank promoting penalty function, the transformed Schatten-1 (TS1), and its applications in matrix completion. The TS1 penalty, as a matrix quasi-norm defined on its singular values, interpolates the rank and the nuclear norm through a nonnegative parameter a. We consider the unconstrained TS1 regularized low-rank matrix recovery problem and develop a fixed point representation for its global minimizer. Read More

Unsaturated magnetoresistance (MR) has been reported in WTe2, and remains irrepressible up to very high field. Intense optimization of the crystalline quality causes a squarely-increasing MR, as interpreted by perfect compensation of opposite carriers. Herein we report our observation of linear MR (LMR) in WTe2 crystals, the onset of which is first identified by constructing the mobility spectra of the MR at low fields. Read More

Kane-Mele type spin orbit interaction is selectively enhanced by dressing the graphene devices by EDTA-Dy molecules. It is evidenced by the suppressed weak localization at equal carrier densities and simultaneous Elliot-Yafet spin relaxation. The extracted spin scattering time is monotonically dependent on the carrier elastic scattering time, where the Elliot-Yafet plot gives the interaction strength of 3. Read More

The short burst GRB 130912A was detected by Swift, Fermi satellites and several ground-based optical telescopes. Its X-ray light curve decayed with time normally. The optical emission, however, displayed a long term plateau, which is the longest one in current short GRB observations. Read More

The transformed $l_1$ penalty (TL1) functions are a one parameter family of bilinear transformations composed with the absolute value function. When acting on vectors, the TL1 penalty interpolates $l_0$ and $l_1$ similar to $l_p$ norm ($p \in (0,1)$). In our companion paper, we showed that TL1 is a robust sparsity promoting penalty in compressed sensing (CS) problems for a broad range of incoherent and coherent sensing matrices. Read More

We study the minimization problem of a non-convex sparsity promoting penalty function, the transformed $l_1$ (TL1), and its application in compressed sensing (CS). The TL1 penalty interpolates $l_0$ and $l_1$ norms through a nonnegative parameter $a \in (0,+\infty)$, similar to $l_p$ with $p \in (0,1]$. TL1 is known in the statistics literature to enjoy three desired properties: unbiasedness, sparsity and Lipschitz continuity. Read More

GRB 120308A, a long duration $\gamma-$ray burst detected by {\it Swift}, was distinguished by a highly-polarized early optical afterglow emission that strongly suggests an ordered magnetic field component in the emitting region. In this work we model the optical and X-ray emission in the reverse and forward shock scenario and show that the strength of the magnetic field in reverse shock region is $\sim 10$ times stronger than that in the forward shock region. Consequently the outflow powering the highly-polarized reverse shock optical emission was mildly-magnetized at a degree $\sigma \sim$ a few percent. Read More

Water and hydrogen at high pressure make up a substantial fraction of the interiors of giant planets. Using ab initio random structure search methods we investigate the ground-state crystal structures of water, hydrogen, and hydrogen-oxygen compounds. We find that, at pressures beyond 14 Mbar, excess hydrogen is incorporated into the ice phase to form a novel structure with H4O stoichiometry. Read More

The error floor of LDPC is revisited as an effect of dynamic message behavior in the so-called absorption sets of the code. It is shown that if the signal growth in the absorption sets is properly balanced by the growth of set-external messages, the error floor can be lowered to essentially arbitrarily low levels. Importance sampling techniques are discussed and used to verify the analysis, as well as to discuss the impact of iterations and message quantization on the code performance in the ultra-low BER (error floor) regime. Read More

It is shown that dominant trapping sets of regular LDPC codes, so called absorption sets, undergo a two-phased dynamic behavior in the iterative message-passing decoding algorithm. Using a linear dynamic model for the iteration behavior of these sets, it is shown that they undergo an initial geometric growth phase which stabilizes in a final bit-flipping behavior where the algorithm reaches a fixed point. This analysis is shown to lead to very accurate numerical calculations of the error floor bit error rates down to error rates that are inaccessible by simulation. Read More

In this paper, we develop a simple method for the reconstruction of the string-inspired dark energy model with the lagrangian $ {\cal L} = -V (\phi) \sqrt{1 - \alpha' {\nabla}_{\mu} \phi \nabla^{\mu} \phi + \beta' \phi \Box \phi} $ given by Cai et. al., which may allow the equation-of-state parameter cross the cosmological constant boundary $ (w=-1) $. Read More