Shengtai Li - T-6, LANL

Shengtai Li
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Shengtai Li
Los Alamos
United States

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Astrophysics (9)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (6)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (5)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Nonlinear Sciences - Chaotic Dynamics (1)
Physics - Space Physics (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)

Publications Authored By Shengtai Li

The distinctive morphology of head-tail radio galaxies reveals strong interactions between the radio jets and their intra-cluster environment, the general consensus on the morphology origin of head-tail sources is that radio jets are bent by violent intra-cluster weather. We demonstrate in this paper that such strong interactions provide a great opportunity to study the jet properties and also the dynamics of intra-cluster medium (ICM). By three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamical simulations, we analyse the detailed bending process of a magnetically dominated jet, based on the magnetic tower jet model. Read More

Observations of solar wind turbulence indicate the existence of multi-scale pressure-balanced structures (PBSs) in the solar wind. In this work, we conduct a numerical simulation to investigate multi-scale PBSs and in particular their formation in compressive MHD turbulence. By the use of a higher order Godunov code Athena,a driven compressible turbulence with an imposed uniform guide field is simulated. Read More

A number of transition disks exhibit significant azimuthal asymmetries in thermal dust emission. One possible origin for these asymmetries is dust trapping in vortices formed at the edges of dead zones. We carry out high-resolution, two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations of this scenario, including the effects of dust feedback. Read More

We use extensive global two-dimensional hydrodynamic disk gas+dust simulations with embedded planets, coupled with three dimensional radiative transfer calculations, to model the dust ring and gap structures in the HL Tau protoplanetary disk observed with the Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array (ALMA). We include the self-gravity of disk gas and dust components and make reasonable choices of disk parameters, assuming an already settled dust distribution and no planet migration. We can obtain quite adequate fits to the observed dust emission using three planets with masses 0. Read More

We perform 3D relativistic ideal MHD simulations to study the collisions between high-$\sigma$ (Poynting-flux-dominated) blobs which contain both poloidal and toroidal magnetic field components. This is meant to mimic the interactions inside a highly variable Poynting-flux-dominated jet. We discover a significant electromagnetic field (EMF) energy dissipation with an Alfv\'enic rate with the efficiency around 35\%. Read More

We carried out two-dimensional high-resolution simulations to study the effect of dust feedback on the evolution of vortices induced by massive planets in protoplanetary disks. Various initial dust to gas disk surface density ratios ($0.001$ -- $0. Read More

Magnetic fields are believed to play an essential role in astrophysical jets with observations suggesting the presence of helical magnetic fields. Here, we present three-dimensional (3D) ideal MHD simulationsof the Caltech plasma jet experiment using a magnetic tower scenario as the baseline model. Magnetic fields consist of an initially localized dipole-like poloidal component and a toroidal component that is continuously being injected into the domain. Read More

Among $\sim 160$ of the multiple exoplanetary systems confirmed, about $30\%$ of them have neighboring pairs with a period ratio $\leq 2$. A significant fraction of these pairs are around mean motion resonance (MMR), more interestingly, peak around 2:1 and 3:2, with a clear absence of more closely packed MMRs with period ratios less than 4:3, regardless of planet masses. Here we report numerical simulations demonstrating that such MMR behavior places important constraints on the disk evolution stage out of which the observed planets formed. Read More

Recent observations of large-scale asymmetric features in protoplanetary disks suggest that large-scale vortices exist in such disks. Massive planets are known to be able to produce deep gaps in protoplanetary disks. The gap edges could become hydrodynamically unstable to the Rossby wave/vortex instability and form large-scale vortices. Read More

Relativistic, magnetized jets are observed to propagate to very large distances in many Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). We use 3D relativistic MHD (RMHD) simulations to study the propagation of Poynting flux-driven jets in AGN. These jets are assumed already being launched from the vicinity ($\sim 10^3$ gravitational radii) of supermassive black holes. Read More

We have performed extensive two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations to study the amplification of magnetic fields when a supernova blast wave propagates into a turbulent interstellar plasma. The blast wave is driven by injecting high pressure in the simulation domain. The interstellar magnetic field can be amplified by two different processes, occurring in different regions. Read More

The physical nature of compressible turbulence is of fundamental importance in a variety of astrophysical settings. We present the first direct evidence that mean kinetic energy cascades conservatively beyond a transitional "conversion" scale-range despite not being an invariant of the compressible flow dynamics. We use high-resolution three-dimensional simulations of compressible hydrodynamic turbulence on $512^3$ and $1024^3$ grids. Read More

Theory and simulations suggest that magnetic fields from radio jets and lobes powered by their central super massive black holes can be an important source of magnetic fields in the galaxy clusters. This is paper II in a series of studies where we present self-consistent high-resolution adaptive mesh refinement cosmological magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations that simultaneously follow the formation of a galaxy cluster and evolution of magnetic fields ejected by an active galactic nucleus (AGN). We studied 12 different galaxy clusters with virial masses ranging from 1 $\times$ 10$^{14}$ to 2 $\times$ 10$^{15}$ M$_{\odot}$. Read More

We present a series of cosmological magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations that simultaneously follow the formation of a galaxy cluster and evolution of magnetic fields ejected by an Active Galactic Nucleus (AGN). Specifically, we investigate the influence of both the epoch of AGN (z $\sim$ 3-0.5) and the AGN energy ($\sim$ 3 $\times$ 10$^{57}$ - 2 $\times$ 10$^{60}$ ergs)on the final magnetic field distribution in a relatively massive cluster (M$_{vir}$ $\sim$10$^{15}$ M$_\odot$). Read More

We carry out 2-D high resolution numerical simulations of type I planet migration with different disk viscosities. We find that the planet migration is strongly dependent on disk viscosities. Two kinds of density wave damping mechanisms are discussed. Read More

We present self-consistent cosmological magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations that simultaneously follow the formation of a galaxy cluster and the magnetic field ejection by an active galactic nucleus (AGN). We find that the magnetic fields ejected by the AGNs, though initially distributed in relatively small volumes, can be transported throughout the cluster and be further amplified by the intra-cluster medium (ICM) turbulence during the cluster formation process. The ICM turbulence is shown to be generated and sustained by the frequent mergers of smaller halos. Read More

In this work, we present MHDEnzo, the extension of the cosmological code Enzo to include the effects magnetic fields through the ideal MHD approximation. We use a higher order Godunov Riemann solver for the computation of interface fluxes. We use two constrained transport methods to compute the electric field from those interface fluxes, which simultaneously advances the induction equation and maintains the divergence of the magnetic field. Read More

We report the results of the first self-consistent three-dimensional adaptive mesh refinement magnetohydrodynamical simulations of Population III star formation including the Biermann Battery effect. We find that the Population III stars formed including this effect are both qualitatively and quantitatively similar to those from hydrodynamics-only (non-MHD) cosmological simulations. We observe peak magnetic fields of ~10^-9 G in the center of our star-forming halo at z ~ 17. Read More

We apply magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modeling to the radio galaxy Hercules A for investigating the jet-driven shock, jet/lobe transition, wiggling, and magnetic field distribution associated with this source. The model consists of magnetic tower jets in a galaxy cluster environment, which has been discussed in a series of our papers. The profile of underlying ambient gas plays an important role in jet-lobe morphology. Read More

We have performed nonlinear ideal magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the long term evolution of a magnetized low-density "bubble" plasma formed by a radio galaxy in a stratified cluster medium. It is found that about 3.5% of the initial magnetic energy remains in the bubble after $\sim 8 \times 10^{9}$ years, and the initial magnetic bubble expansion is adiabatic. Read More

Nonlinear ideal magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of the propagation and expansion of a magnetic "bubble" plasma into a lower density, weakly-magnetized background plasma are presented. These simulations mimic the geometry and parameters of the Plasma Bubble Expansion Experiment (PBEX) [A. G. Read More

Magnetic fields play an important role in almost all astrophysical phenomena including star formation. But due to the difficulty in analytic modeling and observation, magnetic fields are still poorly studied and numerical simulation has become a major tool. We have implemented a cosmological magnetohydrodynamics package for Enzo which is an AMR hydrodynamics code designed to simulate structure formation. Read More

We argue the behavior of Poynting flux-dominated outflows from AGN in the galactic cluster systems by performing three-dimensional MHD simulations within the framework of the "magnetic tower" model. Of particular interests are the structure of MHD waves, the cylindrical radial force balance, the (de)collimation, and the stability properties of magnetic tower jets. Transition between the jet/lobe and the formation of wiggling jet by growing current-driven instability are discussed. Read More

Affiliations: 1LANL, 2LANL, 3Princeton
Category: Astrophysics

In this era of precision cosmology, a detailed physical understanding on the evolution of cosmic baryons is required. Cosmic magnetic fields, though still poorly understood, may represent an important component in the global cosmic energy flow that affects the baryon dynamics. We have developed an Eulerian-based cosmological magnetohydrodynamics code (CosmoMHD) with modern shock capturing schemes to study the formation and evolution of cosmic structures in the presence of magnetic fields. Read More

Affiliations: 1LANL, 2LANL, 3LANL
Category: Astrophysics

Stability properties of ``magnetic tower'' jets propagating in the gravitationally stratified background have been examined by performing three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations. The current-carrying, Poynting flux-dominated magnetic tower jet, which possesses a highly wound helical magnetic field, is subject to the current-driven instability (CDI). We find that, under general physical conditions including small perturbations in the initial background profiles, the propagating magnetic tower jets develop the non-axisymmetric, $m=1$ kink mode of the CDI. Read More

Based on a new approach on modeling the magnetically dominated outflows from AGNs (Li et al. 2006), we study the propagation of magnetic tower jets in gravitationally stratified atmospheres (such as a galaxy cluster environment) in large scales ($>$ tens of kpc) by performing three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. We present the detailed analysis of the MHD waves, the cylindrical radial force balance, and the collimation of magnetic tower jets. Read More