Sergei Fabrika - Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russia

Sergei Fabrika
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Sergei Fabrika
Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russia

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (7)
Astrophysics (4)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Sergei Fabrika

In the present work we discuss a possibility to build an instrument with two operation modes - spectral and imaging ones. The key element of such instrument is a dispersive and filtering unit consisting of two narrowband volume-phase holographic gratings. Each of them provides high diffraction efficiency in a relatively narrow spectral range of a few tens of nanometers. Read More

We describe a dispersive unit consisting of cascaded volume-phase holographic gratings for spectroscopic applications. Each of the gratings provides high diffractive efficiency in a relatively narrow wavelength range and transmits the rest of the radiation to the 0th order of diffraction. The spectral lines formed by different gratings are centered in the longitudal direction and separated in the transverse direction due to tilt of the gratings around two axes. Read More

In the present article we consider an accurate modeling of spectrograph with cascade of volume-phase holographic gratings. The proposed optical scheme allows to detect spectra in an extended wavelength range without gaps providing relatively high spectral resolution and high throughput. However, modeling and minimization of possible cross-talks between gratings and stray light in such a scheme represents a separate task. Read More

We report on an X-ray observing campaign of the ultraluminous X-ray source IC 342 X-1 with NuSTAR and Swift in 2016 October, in which we captured the very moment when the source showed spectral variation. The Swift/XRT spectrum obtained in October 9--11 has a power-law shape and is consistent with those observed in the coordinated XMM-Newton and NuSTAR observations in 2012. In October 16--17, when the 3--10 keV flux became $\approx$4 times higher, we performed simultaneous NuSTAR and Swift observations. Read More

We study the X-ray variability of SS433 based on data from the ASCA observatory and the MAXI and RXTE/ASM monitoring missions. Based on the ASCA data, we have constructed the power spectrum of SS433 in the frequency range from $10^{-6}$ to 0.1 Hz, which confirms the presence of a flat portion (flat-topped noise) in the spectrum at frequencies $3\times 10^{-5}$ - $10^{-3}$ Hz. Read More

The origin of Ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) in external galaxies whose X-ray luminosities exceed those of the brightest black holes in our Galaxy by hundreds and thousands of times is mysterious. The most popular models for the ULXs involve either intermediate mass black holes (IMBHs) or stellar-mass black holes accreting at super-Eddington rates. Here we review the ULX properties, their X-ray spectra indicate a presence of hot winds in their accretion disks supposing the supercritical accretion. Read More

The black hole mass and accretion rate in Ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) in external galaxies, whose X-ray luminosities exceed those of the brightest black holes in our Galaxy by hundreds and thousands of times$^{1,2}$, is an unsolved problem. Here we report that all ULXs ever spectroscopically observed have about the same optical spectra apparently of WNL type (late nitrogen Wolf-Rayet stars) or LBV (luminous blue variables) in their hot state, which are very scarce stellar objects. We show that the spectra do not originate from WNL/LBV type donors but from very hot winds from the accretion discs with nearly normal hydrogen content, which have similar physical conditions as the stellar winds from these stars. Read More

M31N 2015-01a (or M31LRN 2015) is a red nova that erupted in January 2015 -- the first event of this kind observed in M31 since 1988. Very few similar events have been confirmed as of 2015. Most of them are considered to be products of stellar mergers. Read More

We study a stochastic variability of SS433 in the $10^{-4} - 5\times 10^{-2}$ Hz frequency range based on RXTE data, and on simultaneous observations with RXTE and optical telescopes. We find that the cross-correlation functions and power spectra depend drastically on the precession phase of the supercritical accretion disc. When the wind funnel of the disc is maximally open to the observer, a flat part emerges in the power spectrum; a break is observed at the frequency $1. Read More

The nature of the ultra-luminous X-ray sources (ULXs) in the nearby galaxies is a matter of debates. One of the popular hypothesis associates them with accretion at a sub-Eddington rate on to intermediate mass black holes. Another possibility is a stellar-mass black hole in a high-mass X-ray binary accreting at super-Eddington rates. Read More

We report results of the 2006 April multi-wavelengths campaign of SS 433, focusing on X-ray data observed with Suzaku at two orbital phases (in- and out-of- eclipse) and simultaneous optical spectroscopic observations. By analyzing the Fe25 K_alpha lines originating from the jets, we detect rapid variability of the Doppler shifts, dz/dt ~ 0.019/0. Read More

We report the results of recent multicolor photometry and medium resolution spectroscopy of V838 Mon taken in 2007-2008. In the eclipse-like event in December 2006, the hot B3V type companion disappeared. The event accompanied by strengthening emission [FeII]/FeII lines in the spectra. Read More

We derive the luminosity-temperature relation for the super-critically accreting black holes (BHs) and compare it to the data on ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs). At super-Eddington accretion rates, an outflow forms within the spherization radius. We construct the accretion disc model accounting for the advection and the outflow, and compute characteristic disc temperatures. Read More

Authors: Sergei Fabrika1
Affiliations: 1Special Astrophysical Observatory, Russia
Category: Astrophysics

(abridged) The review describes observations of SS433. The main difference between SS433 and other X-ray binaries is the supercritical regime for the gas accretion onto the relativistic star (most likely a black hole), which has lead to the formation of collimated relativistic jets. The properties of the jets are determined by their interaction with the disk wind. Read More

The quantitative spectroscopy of stellar objects in complex environments is mainly limited by the ability of separating the object from the background. Standard slit spectroscopy, restricting the field of view to one dimension, is obviously not the proper technique in general. The emerging Integral Field (3D) technique with spatially resolved spectra of a two-dimensional field of view provides a great potential for applying advanced subtraction methods. Read More